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5/22/2015 CenterofrigidityETABSCSI

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Centerofrigidity

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AddedbyFaisalHabib,lasteditedbyMohamadAliAhmadonJul25,2014

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Whatiscenterofrigidity?
Answer:Centerofrigidityisthestiffnesscentroidwithinafloordiaphragmplan.Whenthecenterofrigidityissubjectedtolateralloading,
thefloordiaphragmwillexperienceonlytranslationaldisplacement.Otherlevelsarefreetotranslateandrotatesincebehavioriscoupled
bothinplanandalongheight.Asafunctionofstructuralproperties,centerofrigidityisindependentofloading.Certainbuildingcodes
requirecenterofrigidityformultistorybuildingdesigneccentricityrequirements.

Foragivenfloordiaphragm,centerofrigidityiscalculatedthroughthefollowingprocess:

Case1appliesaglobalXunitloadtoanarbitrarypoint,perhapsthecenterofmass,suchthatthediaphragmrotatesRzx .

Case2appliesaglobalYunitloadatthesamepoint,causingrotationRzy .

Case3appliesaunitmomentaboutglobalZ,causingrotationRzz .ThesethreeloadcasesareshowninFigure1:

Figure1Centerofrigidity

Centerofrigidity(X,Y)isthencomputedasX=Rzy /Rzz andY=Rzx /Rzz .

Duringanalysis,ETABSautomaticallycalculatesthiscoordinateforeachfloordiaphragm.Thediaphragmassignmentmustbepresentin
themodel.CenterofrigidityandcenterofmassarethendisplayedbyselectingDisplay>ShowTables>Analysis>Results>Structural
Results>CentersofMassandRigidity>OK.

AlsoMakesuretocheckoptiontocalculateDiaphragmCentersofRigidityviaAnalyze>SetLoadCasesToRun...
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5/22/2015 CenterofrigidityETABSCSI

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