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2009

Higher School Certificate


Preliminary Examination

Mathematics
General Instructions
Total marks 84
Reading time 5 minutes
Working time 2 hours
Attempt Questions 1 7
Board approved calculators may be
used All questions are of equal value

Write using black or blue pen


A table of standard integrals is
provided
All necessary working should be
shown in every question
Write your student number and/or
name at the top of every page

This paper MUST NOT be removed from the examination room

STUDENT NAME / NUMBER...


Total marks 84
Attempt Questions 1-7
All questions are of equal value.

Start each question in a new writing booklet.


___________________________________________________________________________

Question 1 (12 marks) Marks

a) Evaluate, correct to 2 significant figures 2

2.1103 6.9 102


.
3.4 108

b) Simplify 12 + 18 - 48 . 2

a + 2b 2a - b
c) Simplify - . 3
3 4

d) Solve for x: 2 x - 1 = 3x . 3

e) Factorise 3 x 2 - 27 . 2

-2-
Question 2 (12 marks) Start a new writing booklet Marks
y
l
B (3, 9) 2 l1

l3 NOT TO
SCALE

x
A (-2, -1)
D

The line l 1 has equation y = 2 x - 7 .


The line l 2 passes through the points A (-2, -1) and B (3, 9).
Copy the diagram into your answer booklet.

(i) Find the gradient of the line l 2 . 1

(ii) Show that the line l 3 , which is perpendicular to AB and passes through 2
the point A (-2, -1), has equation x + 2 y + 4 = 0 .

(iii) Find the coordinates of D, the point of intersection of line l 1 , y = 2 x - 7 2


and line l 3 , x + 2 y + 4 = 0 .

(iv) Find the length of the interval AB, leaving the answer in simplest exact form. 2

(v) Find the exact perpendicular distance of B (3, 9), to the line l 1 y = 2 x - 7 . 2

(vi) Show that the point (5, 3) lies on the line y = 2 x - 7 . 1

(vii) On your diagram, shade the region satisfied by 2


y 2 x - 7

x + 2 y + 4 > 0
y < 0

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Question 3 (12 marks) Start a new writing booklet Marks

a) Find the value of x, giving reasons. G 2

B 2x
A C

144 E
D F

b) Solve 2sin q + 1 = 0 , for 0q 360. 2

2x - 3
c) Find lim . 1
x 4 x + 7

2x - 5
d) For which value of x is the function y = discontinuous? 1
2x + 3

e) If a and b are roots of 3 x 2 + 2 x + 11 = 0 , find:

(i) a +b , 1

(ii) ab , 1

1 1
(iii) + , 2
a b

(iv) a2 + b2. 2

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Question 4 (12 marks) Start a new writing booklet Marks

a) Find the length of side AB in the following diagram, given that 3


ACB = 102 15' , ABC = 37 45' and BC = 26.71 .
Give your answer correct to 2 decimal places.

A
B
37
45'
26.71 m
102
15'
C

b) Solve for x: 2 x2 + 9 x - 5 = 0 2

c) Find the value of x. Give reasons to justify your answer. 2


L S

A M T B

6 cm x cm

C N U D

8 cm 6 cm

O V F
E

Q W

d) Consider the function f ( x ) = x2 - 9 .

(i) State the domain and range of f ( x ) 2

(ii) State whether the function, f ( x ) , is odd, even or neither. 2


You must justify your answer algebraically.

(iii) Using parts (i) and (ii) sketch the graph of y = x 2 - 9 1

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Question 5 (12 marks) Start a new writing booklet Marks

a) A man is standing on a cliff top (X) and observes a hot air balloon (B) hovering
directly above a sailing boat (S) as shown in the diagram below.
The boat is 349 m from the base of the cliff, and the distance of the cliff top from the
balloon is 375 m. The angle of depression from the cliff top to the boat is 57.

B
375 m

349 m S

(i) Copy this diagram into your answer booklet and clearly label 1
the angle of depression.

(ii) Show the height h of the cliff is 537.4 metres. 1

(iii) Hence, or otherwise, find the height (BS) of the balloon above 2
the sailing boat to the nearest metre.

b) Differentiate the following with respect to x:

6
(i) 2 x2 + 3 - , 2
x

( 3x )
4
(ii) 2
-x , 2

4 x3 + 5
(iii) , 2
2x - 9

(iv) 2x 4x + 3 . 2

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Question 6 (12 marks) Start a new writing booklet Marks

a) Find the equation of the normal to the to the curve y = 3 x 2 - 2 x + 1 at 3


the point where x = 1 .

b) Solve x 6 - 9 x 3 + 8 = 0 3

c) A

NOT TO
SCALE
B C

D E

(i) Prove DABC ||| DADE


2

(ii) If AC = 10 cm, CE = 15 cm and BC = 12 cm, find the length of DE . 2

d) Find the coordinates of the focus of the parabola y 2 = 12 x 2

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Question 7 (12 marks) Start a new writing booklet Marks

a) Three boys are standing on the school oval. A is 35 metres from B and
B is 48 metres from C.
The bearing of B from A is 036T and the bearing of C from B is 156T.
B

35
48

(i) Copy the diagram into your answer booklet showing all information 1
given above.

(ii) Show that ABC = 60. 1

(iii) Show that the distance of C from A is 43 metres. 2


Full working must be shown to get full marks.

(iv) Hence, or otherwise, find the bearing of A from C. 3


(to the nearest degree)

sin q 1 + cos q
b) Prove the identity: = . 2
1 - cos q sin q

c) Find values of m for which 24 + 2m - m 2 0 . 3

End of Paper

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