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History of Ubuntu

Many of the Ubuntu Linux users may be wondering when and how Ubuntu started and who
is responsible for it. Here is a quick look at the history of Ubuntu Linux.
Ubuntu is an ancient African word meaning "humanity to others". It also means "I am
what I am because of who we all are'. The Ubuntu operating system brings the spirit
of Ubuntu to the world of computers.
Ubuntu Linux was sponsored and started by the UK-based company Canonical Ltd. The
owner of this company is South African entrepreneur Mark Shuttleworth. Canonical
generates revenue by providing technical support and services related to Ubuntu.

The main features of Ubuntu Linux are:

Ubuntu is free
Alternate to Windows and MAC OS's
Ubuntu is the most popular Linux-based OS in the world (80 million users till now)
Dell and Acer now offer desktops with Ubuntu
Firefox browser comes inbuilt
Thunderbird and Evolution e-mail
Open Office suite
GIMP (Photoshop-like image editor)
Music and Video players
Games too!
Canonical releases a new version of Ubuntu every six months. The very first version
of Ubuntu was released in the year 1997. Each Ubuntu version name contains the year
of release and the month in which it is released.
Different versions of Ubuntu released till now and their code name are-

Ubuntu 7.04 (Feisty Fawn)

Ubuntu 7.10 (Gutsy Gibbon)
Ubuntu 8.04 LTS (Hardy Heron)
Ubuntu 8.10 (Intrepid Ibex)
Ubuntu 9.04 (Jaunty Jackalope)
Ubuntu 9.10 (Karmic Koala)
Ubuntu 10.04 LTS (Lucid Lynx)
Ubuntu 10.10 (Maverick Meerkat)
Ubuntu 11.04 (Natty Narwhal)
Ubuntu 11.10 (Oneiric Ocelot)
Ubuntu 12.04 (Precise Pangolin)

Latest Ubuntu 11.10

Posted in: Ubuntu

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mahasiswa teladan says: 8:36 PM Reply

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Anthony Equamo says: 11:00 PM Reply

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inux history

How Linux came into existence? When did it start and what is the history of Linux?
These following questions are answered here -
What is Unix/Linux?
History of Linux
Features Supported Under Linux
The future of Linux
In the 80's, Microsoft DOS was the dominated OS for PC.
Apple MACINTOSH was better, but expensive.
UNIX was much better, but even more expensive and used only in minicomputers for
commercial applications.
People were looking for a UNIX based system, which is much cheaper and can run on
DOS, MAC and UNIX were all proprietary, i.e., the source code of their kernel is
No modification is possible without paying high license fees.

GNU foundation was established in 1984 by Richard Stallman, who believes that
software should be free from restrictions against copying or modification in order
to make better and efficient computer programs.

GNU is a recursive acronym for GNU's Not Unix.

Their aim was to develop a complete Unix-like operating system which is free for
copying and modification.
Companies make their money by maintaining and distributing the software, e.g.
optimally packaging the software with different tools (Redhat, Slackware, Mandrake,
SuSE, etc)
Stallman built the first free GNU C Compiler in 1991. But still, an OS was yet to
be developed.

A famous professor Andrew Tanenbaum developed Minix, a simplified version of UNIX

that runs on PC.
Minix was used for education purposes only and not for commercial use.
In Sept 1991, Linus Torvalds, a second year student of Computer Science at the
University of Helsinki, developed the preliminary kernel of Linux, known as Linux
version 0.0.1.

Message from Professor Andrew Tanenbaum

"I still maintain the point that designing a monolithic kernel in 1991 is a
fundamental error. Be thankful you are not my student. You would not get a high
grade for such a design."
(Andrew Tanenbaum to
Linus Torvalds)

Soon more than a hundred people joined the Linux camp, then thousands, then
hundreds of thousands!
It was licensed under GNU General Public License, thus ensuring that the source
codes will be free for all to copy, study or modify.
Linux has been used on many computing platforms like PC's, PDA's and
Not only command line interface, but graphical user interface was also available.
Commercial vendors shifted to Linux to provide freely distributed code. They made
their money by compiling various softwares and gathering them in a distributable
format. e.g. Red Hat, Slackware, etc

Recent estimates say about 29 million people use Linux worldwide. The effects of
the dot-com burst, IT slowdown and global economic recession can be clearly seen.

Free software, as defined by the FSF (Free Software Foundation), is a "matter of

liberty, not price." To qualify as free software by FSF standards, you must be able

Run the program for any purpose you want to, rather than be restricted in what you
can use it for.
View the program's source code.
Study the program's source code and modify it if you need to.
Share the program with others.
Improve the program and release those improvements so that others can use them.

Posted in: Linux

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mahasiswa teladan says: 8:32 PM Reply

hi..Im college student, this article is very invormative thanks for sharing :)

Naviya Nair says: