Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 21

Turning polluting cities into productive eco-cities

21 September 2012
Why

Floating food cities

will save the world

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Main challenges of the 21st century

Accomodating 4.5 billion additional city dwellers until 2100


Resources are running low:
Fossil fuels
Fresh water
Phosphates and fertile soil
Biodiversity stocks
Flood damage increasing from 20 bn to 50 bn US$ until 2100
(even without considering climate change)

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Land shortage | Business as usual

Land shortage
22 mn km

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Land shortage | Business as usual - trends

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Land shortage | Best case scenario

Land shortage:
12 mn km

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Where to go?

Desert? : water resources are lacking


http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Barnard's_Ga

Space?? : still too expensive


laxy.jpg

http://www.mega-tapety.info/krajobrazy-
polaipustynie-1414.html
The Ocean !

We are tied to the ocean. And when we go back to the sea,


whether it is to sail or to watchhttp://www.philipp-
- we are going back from
whence we came. - John F. Kennedy
winterberg.com/galerie/mexico_wallpaper.php
Enough space | Oceans

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


More efficient than on land

LAND WATER
Agriculture Livestock Mariculture 200 x as efficient
Crops Hydroponics

Urbanization Conventional Floating Just as efficient

Biofuel Sugarcane Algae 20 x as efficient

50 x

4 REASONS WHY
Fish do not use energy heating for their body
Algae do not need to produce vascular tissue
Waterbased species evolved over many million years earlier
Waterbased species do not need fresh water resources

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


More efficient

On water 50 times more efficient


Less than 0,2 % of the oceans
needed
One third of the current
agricultural area
will become available

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Solution

DeltaSync, 2012
Concept | Closing the cycle

Conventional city Conventional + Floating city

Linear metabolism Cyclical metabolism

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Concept | Closing the cycle

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Concept | Case study

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Concept | Producing food and fuel from algae

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Global potential

44% of the world food demand can be met by using the


available (waste) nutrients and CO2 from current cities

A total floating area of the size of Madagascar (585.000 km2)


would be enough .

In the optimal ratio, 13% of the population would live in the


floating cities.

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Other benefits

Saves fresh water


Flood proof city expansion
Reduces fish extinction

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT
Conclusions
A fundamental new approach to urban development is needed
for the challenges of the 21st century

Floating food cities can accommodate future urbanization


without sacrificing land

At the same time it provides global food security and reuses waste
of conventional cities

If at first an idea isn't absurd, there's no hope for it.


-Albert Einstein-

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT


Contact details

DeltaSync
blue@deltasync.nl
T: +31 152561872
www.deltasync.nl

In the near future, the efforts to further develop this project will be continued in the
BlueRevolution Foundation.

WATERBASED URBAN DEVELOPMENT