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..

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539.3

. . , . .-. , . -

-
-


-
,
.

-
(, , . .) -
. - -
[1]

, , G12 -
,
,
E1 E 2
G12 =
(
2 1 + 1 2
,
) (1)

E = E1 E 2 ; = 1 2 ; E1 , E 2 - ; 1 , 2 - -
; G12 - , -
.
-
. -
(1) -
-
.
h , -
x, y -
.
L ,
s s
x = x(s ) = r0 cos , y = y (s ) = r0 sin , s [l , l ) , (2)
0
r 0
r
l ; r0 - . -

x = r0 cos( ), y = r0 sin ( ), [0, 2 ) .
110 .. ISSN 0203-3755. . , 2001, . 17

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( -
) -
, . -
, -
,
[2, 3].
,

L P

M(s) , L s L -
s , .
Px = Px * ; Py = Py * ; Pz = 0;
M x( s ) = M x( s ) ; M y( s ) = M y( s )* ,
*
(3)
Px , Py , Pz - ,
L s ; M x( s ) , M y( s ) , M z( s ) -
s .

[4] -
.
5

K ij ((x( ) x( )) / , y ( ) y ( )) j ( )ds( ) = 2 Fi* ( )


Lj =1

( [0, 2 ), i = 1, 4 .) (4)

Eh(1 ) u Eh(1 ) v w
1 = n2 w ; 2 = + n1 ;
a s R2 a s R2
Eh(1 ) 1 1 Eh(1 ) 1 2
3 = ; = ;
2 R2 s 2 R2 s
4
a a
Eh(1 ) 1
5 = (n11 + n2 2 );
a R2

2 = E1 / E 2 ; = 1 2(1 + )G12 / E ;

( )
a = 1 ( ) / 2 ; c 2 = 12 1 2 / R2 h ; = R2 / R1 ;

ISSN 0203-3755. . , 2001, . 17 111


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u, v, w - ; n1 , n 2 -
L ; 1 , 2 - -
; R1 , R 2 - .
(4), [4],
, Gn, m ( z ).
.
(4) -
. [4] , -
(
). -
-
-
, [5].
(4) c i (i = 1, 6) .
-
, -
:
3 ds = 0; 4 ds = 0;
L L

( 5 c(x 4 y 3 ))ds = 0; (x 3 + y 4 )ds = 0;


L L


((y )
2
c y
1 x 2 3 2 xy 4 + 2 5 ds = 0;
2

L
2 c
c2
(( )
x
2 + 2 y x 4 + 2 xy 3 + 2 c 5 ds = 0 .
2 2
(5)
L
, G12 -
(1), -
, (4) -
.
,

,
OX .
,
Pz = 0 L [2]. (4), (5)
[6].

112 ISSN 0203-3755. . , 2001, . 17



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2 Eh
. 1 0 = ( - -
pR
-
-
, R - )

= c r0 = 1 -
,

-
p .
1-4
-
E1 ,
E2
1, 2, 3, 4.
0.3.
-
-
, 0 / 2 .
. 2 3
-
E
0 =
p
/ 2 -
,


OX .



0.1 (.2) 0.5
(.3).

1-7

, 1/2, 1/3, 1/4, 1, 2, 3, 4.
0.3, =1.
, -

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-
.
-
(1)
5% 0.25
5% 0.1

. -

E
1 .
E2

1. / . . . , . . ,
... .: ..., 1998. 387 . ( : 12 . .
7.).
2. .. . , 1968. 887.
3. , / ..,
.., . . . ., 1980. 636 . ( : 5.
.1).
4. . .
// .
. . 1997. .26. .59-69.
5. .. -
// i -. . - N 1. -
2000. - C. 51-55.
6. ..
//
. 1999. 15. . 122-127.
7. . ., . . : -
. ., 1980. 247.

16.08.2001 .

114 ISSN 0203-3755. . , 2001, . 17