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............................................................................................................ 1
? .................................................................................................................. 1
? ................................................................................... 1
.................................................................................................................. 2
I. ............................................... 2
II. Excel ........................................................................... 2
III. Excel .................................................................. 2
...................................................................................................................... 2
1 ............................................................................................................... 2
2 ............................................................................................................... 3
......................................................................................................................... 3
Microsoft Excel 2010? .................................................................................... 3
............................................................................... 4

I.
....................................................................... 7

1. ................................. 9
1.1. Excel ............................................................................................ 9
1.1.1. ..................................................................................................................... 10
.................................................................................................. 10
............................................................................. 11
1.1.2. Backstage ......................................................... 12
1.1.3. .................................................................................... 13
1.1.4. .................................................................................................. 13
1.1.5. ......................................................................................... 14
1.2. ........................................................................... 16
1.2.1. ........................................................................................ 16
1.2.2. .............................................................................................. 18
1.3. ........................................................................................ 21
1.3.1. ....................................................................... 21
1.3.2. .......................................................................... 23
1.3.3. . ................................................. 25
, , ......................................................................... 26
IV

1.3.4. ................................................................... 27
, .......... 28
.............................................................................................. 32
....................... 35

.................................................................................................. 37
........................ 38
.......................................................................... 39
1.3.5. ,
................................................................................................................... 43
1.3.6. ......................................................................... 46
1.3.7. ............................................................................................ 46
...................................................................................................... 46
.................................................................................. 50
............................................................... 50
............................................. 51
.................... 52
................. 53
............................................................................................ 55
1.3.8. ........................................................................................... 56
1.4. .................................................................. 59
1.4.1. 1. .................................... 59
. .................................................. 61
.................................................................................................... 63
........................................................................ 65
....................................... 65

.................................................................................................................. 67
1.4.2. 2. .................................................................. 68
1.4.3. 3. .............................................. 70

2. ......................................... 72
2.1. .............. 72
2.1.1. .................................................................. 72
2.1.2. ................................... 75
2.1.3. 4. ............................... 78
2.2. 5. .............................. 85
2.2.1. 1. ....................................................................... 86
2.2.2. 2. .............................................................................. 86
2.2.3. 3. ................................................................................... 87
2.2.4. ................................................................................................................. 89
2.3. ............................................................... 89
2.3.1. ................... 90
2.4. ....................................................................... 96
V

2.5. ........................................... 100


2.5.1. ........................................ 101
................................................................ 102
.............. 102
.................................. 103
................................ 103
..................................................... 103
........................................ 103
2.5.2. .................................................... 103
2.5.3. ...................................... 104
2.5.4. ......................................... 106
2.5.5. .............................. 106
.................................. 106
........ 107
2.5.6. ............................... 107

II. EXCEL ...................................... 109

3.
.......................................................................... 111

3.1. .................................................................................................... 112


3.1.1. ................... 112
....................................................................... 113
..................................... 114
3.2. ................................ 116
3.2.1. .............................................................................. 116
3.2.2. ........................................................ 118
3.2.3. ................................................................... 119
3.2.4. ......................................................................................... 120
....................................................... 120
.................................................................... 122
............................................... 123
...................................................... 124
3.2.5. .................................................................................... 125
............................................................................................. 125
................................................................. 131
.............................................................. 133
......................................................................................... 133
....................................................................................... 133
3.3. ........................................................................................... 134
3.3.1. World Wide Web ...................... 134
VI

3.3.2. FTP ............................................... 135


FTP ...................................... 135
FTP ........................................ 136
FTP .................................................................... 136
FTP ......................................................................... 136

4. EXCEL ................... 137


4.1. HTML .............................................................. 137
4.1.1. Excel 2007/2010
HTML/MHTML............................................................................................. 137
4.1.2. ......................................................... 138
............................................... 140
4.2. Web ............................................................. 142
4.3. HTML .................................................................................................... 145
4.3.1. ................................................................................................... 146
4.3.2. <HTML>, <HEAD>, <TITLE> <BODY> ............................................ 147
.................................................................................. 148
.................................................................................... 149
..................................................................................................... 149
..................................................................................... 151
............................................................................................................ 152
HTML-............................................... 152
....................................................................................................... 152
4.4. Web- .................................................................... 153
4.5. Excel XML .............................................................................................................. 154
4.5.1. XML ...................................................................................................... 154
XML .................................................................................................................. 155
XML ............................................................... 155
XML ..................................................................................... 155
XML....................................................................................... 157
4.5.2. XML Excel ........................................................................... 162
XML- () XML ................ 162
XML XML ...................................... 164
4.5.3. Excel XML..................................................... 167

5. ............................................... 170
5.1. , .................... 170
5.1.1. ..................................................................................................... 171
................................................ 174
5.1.2. Excel ................. 175
................................................................................................... 176
................................................................................................. 178
VII

5.2. .......................................................................................................... 179


5.2.1. ............... 181
................................................. 182
- ........................................................... 184
5.3. Excel ................................................. 185
5.3.1. ......................................................................................... 186
................................................................. 186
Excel ................ 187
PDF ............................................................. 189
5.3.2. ......................................................... 190
5.3.3. ................................................................... 191
5.3.4. Excel .............................................................. 191
5.4. .......................................................................................... 192

III. EXCEL ......................... 193

6. ......................................................................... 195
6.1. , .................................................. 195
6.1.1. ..................................................................................... 195
..................................................................... 196
................................................... 198
Windows ................................................. 199
............................................................ 199
/ ....... 200
................................................................... 201
...................................................... 202
Excel ....................................................... 203
Excel 2007/2010 Excel ............ 203
.......................................................................................... 203
6.1.2. ................................................................................. 204
........................................................... 204
............................................................... 205
......................................................... 205
........................................................................................................ 205
................................................................. 207
........................................................... 208
............................................................................................... 208
....................... 208
.................................................... 209
.................................................................................. 209
6.1.3. ..................................................................................... 210
VIII

6.2. ........................................................................................ 210


6.2.1. .......................................................................... 211
.xltx ............................................................ 211
........................................................... 212
6.2.2. ................................................... 215
6.2.3. ........................................................................................... 216

7. E XCEL .............. 217


7.1. ......................................................................................... 218
7.1.1. Excel .................................................... 218
............................................. 220
................................................................... 221
7.1.2. Excel......................................... 221
...................................................................... 222
7.1.3. ................................................................ 222
7.1.4. ......................................................... 225
7.2. .............................................................................................................. 225
7.2.1. ....................................................................................... 225
...................................................................................................... 226
...................................... 226
............................................................................... 229
7.2.2. .................................................................................... 230

................................................................... 232
7.2.3. ................................................................................... 234
7.3. .................................................................................................. 235
7.3.1. ........................................................................ 235
7.3.2. ............................................................................... 236
7.3.3. ........................................................................................... 239
7.3.4. .......................................... 239
7.3.5. .......................................................................... 240
................................................................................ 241
- ................................................................. 241
7.4. .................................................................................... 242
7.4.1. ................................................................................................. 243
............................................................................... 243
- ......................................................................... 245
................................ 246
7.4.2. ........................................................................ 246
.......................................................................................................... 246
............................................................................................................... 247
.............................................................................................. 250
IX

7.4.3. ............................................................ 257


........................................................... 257
, ................ 258
.......................................... 258
............................................................... 258
....................................................................................... 259
7.4.4. ......................................... 259
7.5. ........................................................................ 260
7.5.1. Excel ............................... 262
........................................................................................................ 263
........................................................................................................ 264
7.5.2. OLE DB ............................................................... 265
........................................................................ 265
.............................................................. 270
7.5.3. Web ................................................................. 271
Web- ................................................................................ 271
7.6. - .xltx ....................................................... 274

8. E XCEL ................................... 276


8.1. ........................................... 276
8.1.1. .................................................. 277
..................................................................................................... 277
Excel ................... 278
8.1.2. ........................ 280
8.1.3. ..................................................................... 283
8.1.4. ......... 285
8.1.5. ......................................................................... 288
8.1.6. ................................. 289
8.2. .............................................................................. 294
8.2.1. ............................................................................... 295
..................................................................... 297
..................................................................... 301
8.2.2. ................................................................... 303
............................................................................. 303
................................................................................................ 304
8.2.3. .................................................................. 305
.......................................................................... 305
........................................................ 306
8.2.4. .......................................... 308
8.2.5. ......................................................... 309
8.2.6. .......................................................................................... 311
................................ 311

..................................................................................................... 312
X

9. ................................................................. 316
9.1. ................................................................................... 316
9.2. ............................................................................. 320
9.2.1. ................................... 320
9.2.2. ....................................................... 322
................................................................................. 326
.................................................................... 327
................................................ 328
.......................................... 329
................................................................................... 330
9.2.3. ActiveX...................................................... 331
9.3. ............................................ 334
9.3.1. ................................................ 334
9.3.2. ................................................................................... 335
9.3.3. .......................................... 336
9.4. ....................................... 336

10. V ISUAL B ASIC


........................................................................................... 339

10.1. ? ....................................... 340


10.2. .......................... 341
10.2.1. ........................................................................................ 341
10.2.2. ................................................................................................. 344
10.3. ........................................................................................ 346

............................................................................................. 353

1. E XCEL ............................................ 355

2.
........................................................................ 360

..................................................................................................... 363

............................................................................... 377

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2.5.2.
, ,
| -
| .
Excel ,
. 2.35.
104 I.

Excel (. .
). -
, <Esc>.

. 2.35. Excel
| |

2.5.3.


"", Excel.

| -
,
(. 2.36), OK. -
(. .
100%).
. 2.40 Excel -
200%.
2. 105

. 2.36.

. 2.37. Excel
200%


,
(, , -
<Ctrl>).


, ,
| .
106 I.

2.5.4.

Excel -
| | . -
,
.

2.5.5.

-
,
, , , ,
, -
.
, -

Excel.
( ) -
:
| ()
.
.


, -
| |
, -
, , , -
(. 2.38).

. 2.38.



2. 107


,
OK.
(. . ), -
:
| |
;
<Ctrl>+<Tab> ( <Ctrl>+<F6>) ,
;
<Alt>+<Tab> ,
;
Win-
dows .
, , -
Excel 2000 (
Excel ).



, | Excel -
( -
)1.
,
| ,
.
, -
.

2.5.6.


Excel , -
. Excel
.

:
1. | | .
2.
(. 2.39).

1
Excel -
, .
108 I.

. 2.39.

3. , ,
(. 2.40) ;
-
, ; -
OK.
4. .

. 2.40.

-
, | |

(. . 2.39).
-
, | | . -

, , (. . 2.39).
, -
, -
-
.


, -
, , , .
-
(. . 2.40).
II


EXCEL
.
, -
, -
? ,
: ,
.
"" . -
, , . -
, -
, , -
/.
, .
3 ,
, .
4 , -
, Microsoft Excel Web- (
Web-) Web-. Microsoft Excel
HTML XML-.
5 Excel -
, , , ( -
) ,

() .
3





. , ,
. -
()1. -
, -
, ,
.
Windows XP, Windows Vista Windows 7

.
, -
. -
,
, , . -
Excel ( Microsoft Office ) , -
.
, -
. -
:
;
;
;
;
Internet Explorer.

1
() , -
( ) . .
112 II. Excel

3.1.
-
,

. .
.
, , -
, . . , . -
, -
.
IP
(Internet Protocol). IP -
HTTP (HyperText Transfer Protocol) FTP (File
Transfer Protocol). -
, .
,
, Web- FTP-. ,
(Windows 2000, Windows XP, Windows Vista,
Windows 7) Microsoft Web/FTP.
Web/FTP- , -
. Web/FTP-.
"" ( ), -
IP, -
-
.
Windows
.
URL
(Uniform Resource Locator), -
, , ,
.

3.1.1.

-
. Windows -
,
.
URL , . .
, .
3. 113


: -
.


:
1. -
.
2.
(. 3.1).

. 3.1.

3. ,
.
4. :
\\< >\<\>
5.
.
6. OK.


, , ,

.
114 II. Excel


,
.
, (. 3.2).

. 3.2.


, . . ( -
), ,
.



,
URL ,
.
URL :
<(http ftp):>//< : -
ftp>@<>/< >/< >
3. 115

:
http://wolf.lime.hop.stu.neva.ru/directory1/excel1.xlsx
ftp://andrew:mypassword@wolf.lime.hop.stu.neva.ru/directory2/excel2.xlsx
URL, :
file:///D:/Excel2010/Examples/5/ .XLSX


/, -
UNIX.
, Microsoft Office
Windows \.
, , Microsoft Excel, -
.
.

,
:
1.
.
2. .
3. .
4. OK.
URL
(. 3.3).

. 3.3. URL Excel


116 II. Excel

3.2.

Excel -
.
, -
( , -
), -
.
, -
:
;
.

Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Office.

3.2.1.
:
1. Windows | | .
2. -
.
,
.
3. (. 3.4) .
4. -
(. 3.4).
5. (. 3.5).
:
-
(, , .);
, ,
. -
;
, . -
TCP/IP, IPX/SPX, NetBEUI.
6. , OK.
, -
.
3. 117

, /
, .

. 3.4.

. 3.5.
118 II. Excel

3.2.2.
,
:
1. , -
, .
2. -
(. 3.6).
3. -
.
4. ,
, , .
5. , OK.

. 3.6.

-
, , ,
.
3. 119

3.2.3.
.
, ,
,
.
-
.
, , -
.
, :
1. | | .
2. , -
, .
.
3.
(. 3.7).
4. OK.

. 3.7.

120 II. Excel

, -
,
, .

, .
. . 2.4.

3.2.4.
, -
.
. - -
, , ,
.


, :
1. . .

. 3.8.

3. 121

2. | | -
, . 3.8.
3.
.
Excel .
4. (. 3.9).
, Excel
( 30 ). ,

, .
-
.

. 3.9.

5.
.
6. OK, .


( ) , -
.
122 II. Excel


,
, .


()
. ,
| .
[].


, . " -
" .


Microsoft Excel -
.
Excel , |
. .


| .
(Save document) , -
(Save).
-
, . -
, ,
.



:
1. | | |
.
2. -
( ), .
3. , -
, .
3. 123

4. , -
.
, .
-
(. 3.10).

. 3.10.

5. OK, .
,
, .



Microsoft
Excel ( ).
, " ".
-
, .
, Excel
.
:
. , -
;
,
.
, :
;
.
124 II. Excel

:
. -
,
, ;
-
.
, , :

, , ;
.
:

. ,
;
.
: . -
, .
, :
-
;
.
: , , -
. , ,
, , .
, , , .
, -
.


, , -
. , -
.
,
, , -
.
, :
1. | | .


,
. ,
,
.
3. 125

2. .
3. OK
, .
,
(. 3.11).

. 3.11.

3.2.5.
, Microsoft Office -
, . . , -
, , .
.
.
.
:
;
;
;
;

.


Office -
. , Microsoft Excel

.
126 II. Excel

Excel:
1. , .
2. | | -
(. 3.12).

. 3.12.

3. , .
4. .
5. (. 3.13) -
, -
.

. 3.13.

6. OK.
7.
:
, -;
- ;
3. 127

;
- .
8. ,
OK.
7
(. . 3.19). -
, .
(. 46 ).
.


Web-
Web-
, :
1.
, - (. . 3.12).
2. , .
.
3. URL .
Web-
, :
, -
, :
,
;
-
;
, -
;
, :
, -
.
, OK
;
Internet
Web-,
, . . .
, , .
, (. 3.14)
OK. ,
128 II. Excel

, Excel
, URL .
4. OK.
. 3.15.

. 3.14.

. 3.15. ,


, Excel -
.
3. 129

:
1. -
(. 3.16).
2. , .
.
3. ,
, -
, .
4. OK.

. 3.16. ,


-
.


. -
:
1. -
(. 3.17).
2. , .
.
3. .
4. , -
.
130 II. Excel

5. -
: -
.
6. OK.

. 3.17.


-
.


,
:
1.
(. 3.18).
2. , .
.
3. . ,
( mailto: ).
4. .
5. -
.
6. OK.
3. 131

, ,
e-
mail,
(. 3.19).
.

. 3.18.

. 3.19.


, (, -
, , -
). . -
, ,
, .
132 II. Excel

:
1. , , -
. (. 3.20).
2. .
,
.

. 3.20. ,

3.
. , , -
-
Web- .


. ,
, , .
3. 133


. -
("URL", ) ( -
Excel HYPERLINK()). -
URL ,
, ,
URL. , ,
,
| | .


, ,
. ,
, .

() (HYPERLINK()) -
() (If()). , ,
:
(C3<A5;("http://wolf/xl/ex_h12.xlsx");"")
:
((J9<12;"http://wolf/Ex09.xlsx";"http://wolf/Ex11.xlsx"))
,
.


. -
.
, ,
, , URL . -
. , -
, , , .


, , -
.
,
.

. : C:\documents\
excel\.xlsx, , ,
134 II. Excel

C:\documents\excel\1\ .xlsx. -
1\ .xlsx.
: , ,
C:\documents\.docx,
..\.docx.
.
// -

, .


, Excel -
.

3.3.

().

3.3.1.
World Wide Web
Microsoft Excel 2010 ( Excel 2007) -
HTTP- World
Wide Web. , -
.
, -
| :
1. . :
http://www.someones.homepage/mypage.xlsx

file://wolf/work/examples.xlsx

E:\\ .xlsx

\\FileServer\CommonDocs\report_2010Q1.xlsx
2. .
3. 135

3.3.2. FTP
FTP
, ,
().

FTP

FTP :
1. | .
2. /
FTP , . 3.21.

. 3.21.
/ FTP

3. FTP .
4. , , ,
anonymous.
,
.
136 II. Excel

5. FTP-
. , .
Excel, .
6. , .

FTP
FTP-:
1. | .
2. FTP.
3. , ,
.
4. .

FTP
FTP, , -
FTP. , -
:
1. | .
2. FTP.
3. FTP- .
4. ,
, .

FTP
FTP, -
FTP-.
FTP, -
.
, .
, FTP-
:
1. | .
2. FTP.
3. FTP- .
4. .
5. .


FTP -
.
4


Excel
HTML Excel -
.
. ,
, HTML-, -
HTML HTML-,
Web-. , Web- Excel
, .

4.1.
HTML
Excel HTML, ""
HTML: Web-
, HTML- -
Excel, Excel . ,
, , -
, HTML-
Excel, .

4.1.1. Excel 2007/2010


HTML/MHTML
, -
Excel.
Excel 2007 2010 Web- (HTM, HTML) Web-
(MHT, MHTML) -
Excel, :
Visual Basic ;
138 II. Excel

(, ) Excel
;
,
-
Excel.
HTML/MHTML
Excel 2007 2010, Excel 2003!


Excel Servic-
es, Web- Microsoft Office.

4.1.2.
HTML -
, , -
, .
Excel HTML -
:
1. | . -
.

. 4.1. HTML
4. Excel 139

2. - (. 4.1).
3. , -
.
4. . (. 4.2).

. 4.2.

5. Web-,
. OK .
6. , -
: .
7. .
Excel 2010 ( 2007)
,
(, , ),
(. ), Excel - , -
, . .
Web- (. 4.3), -
: , , -
.
, ,
. Excel , , -
. Web-,
, Web-,
< Web->_files, -
. , Web- .htm
_files.


, Excel -
,
, . -
, , | -
. . 4.1.
140 II. Excel

. 4.3.


Web- , .
:
1. Excel, , ,
1 .
2. | . -
.
3. - (. . 4.1).
4. , .
5. , -
: [] (, : ,
).
6. .
- (. 4.4).

1
Excel 2007 2010
, .
4. Excel 141

. 4.4. -

. 4.5.
142 II. Excel

7.
,
(, , . .).
8. , -
,
(. . 4.2).
9. , .
.
10. , -
.
11. .

. 4.5.
Web-,
Excel.


Excel - -
, -
< Web->_files,
(. . 4.2).

4.2.
Web
Microsoft Excel, Excel 2000,
Web (
, Microsoft
Internet Explorer).
Web Excel:
1. | ,
-. -
.
2. Web -
.
3. , -
,
HTML Excel.
4. , Web-, -
Excel, - , Excel
.
4. Excel 143

5.
- ,
, CSS1
, -
Microsoft Internet Explorer 4.0 -
, Netscape Navigator 4.0 ( ).
-
(. 4.6).

. 4.6. -

6. VML
PNG
, ,
VML PNG.
7. , Web, -
(. 4.7).
8.
, -
( . .) < Web-
>_files, , Web-.
,
, Web-.

1
CSS (Cascade Style Sheets) ( -
HTML).
144 II. Excel

. 4.7.

9.
,
, . -

, (Windows 3.1, MS-DOS
. .), .
10.
, .
11. , Microsoft Office
Web-, Office, Office -
-, Office ,
.
12. -
(. 4.8).
13. ,
, ,

.
14. ( ), -
Web , (. 4.9).
15. -
, (-
HTML).
16. -
, Web.
4. Excel 145

. 4.8. Web

. 4.9.

4.3. HTML
Web HTML
(HyperText Markup Language, ).
HTML ,
Web- .
146 II. Excel

4.3.1.
HTML .
( ) -
() , 1.
HTML -
, . . , ,
.

, ( .
web), . . ( , )
, . ,
, , , -
, . . ( . mul-
timedia) ( . hypermedia).

. 4.10. HTML,
Microsoft Word

1
Microsoft Internet Explorer.
4. Excel 147

HTML
(. . " HTML-"
).
.
, , HTML
. , , -
, , ,

<...>. HTML, . . -
, , -
( . 4.10 4.11).
-.
, -
, ,
. . - -
.
/, -
.

4.3.2. <HTML>, <HEAD>,


<TITLE> <BODY>
HTML
<HTML>, <HEAD> <BODY>.
<HTML> HTML.
, . . HTML-
.
<HEAD> HTML-. , -
( <TITLE>) -
.
<BODY> HTML.
:
<HTML>
<HEAD>
<TITLE> </TITLE>
</HEAD>
<BODY>

</BODY>
</HTML>
148 II. Excel


, "" HTML-, , -
. -
, .
.


HTML ,
, , . . .
. 4.1.

. 4.11.

4.1.


<B></B>
<I></I>
<BLINK></BLINK>
<CENTER></CENTER>
<BIG></BIG> ,
<SMALL></SMALL> ,
4. Excel 149

4.1 ()


<CITE></CITE>
<TT></TT>
<BLOCKQUOTE></BLOCKQUOTE> ,

. 4.11.


HTML . , -
, , . 4.2.

4.2.


<P>
<BR>
<HR>
<PRE></PRE>


HTML , .
,
, .
:
1. <UL> </UL> , .
2. , <LH>
</LH>.
3. <LI>.
:
<UL>
<LH> </LH>
<LI>
<LI>
<LI>
</UL>
150 II. Excel

:
1. <OL> </OL> ,
.
2. , <LH>
</LH>.
3. <LI>.
, ,
; , -
. :
1. <DL> </DL> , -
.
2. <LH> </LH>.
3. <DT> , .
4. <DD> .
5. , -
.

. 4.12.
4. Excel 151

:
<DL>
<LH> </LH>
<DT>1
<DD> 1
<DT>2
<DD> 2
<DT>3
<DD> 3
</DL>
. 4.12.


, Web- -
. -
<Hx></Hx>, x 1 6, : <H1> -
, <H6> (. 4.13).

. 4.13.
152 II. Excel


HTML-
<!-...->. , , -
HTML-
Web-.
:
<!-
, .

->
<OL>
<LH> </LH>
<LI> Windows XP
<LI> Windows Server 2003
<LI> Windows Vista
<LI> Windows 7
</OL>


HTML-
<A> </A>. -
HTML:
1. , , <A>
</A>.
2. <A> HREF
(, , . .).
3. ,
<A NAME="xxx"></A>, xxx , -
URL #.


HTML <IMG>. -
:
<IMG SRC="..." ALIGN="..." WIDTH="" HEIGHT=""

VSPACE="..." HSPACE="..." BORDER="..." >


, , . 4.3.
4. Excel 153

4.3. <IMG>



SRC
ALIGN :

LEFT ;

RIGHT ;

TOP ;

MIDDLE ;

BASELINE

WIDTH
HEIGHT
VSPACE , ,

HSPACE ,
,
BORDER

4.4.
Web-
Web- -
.
800 600
.
. -
, -
-
.
23 , . .
,
.
Web-
.
154 II. Excel

4.5. Excel XML


, HTML1, -
XML (eXtended Markup Language, ),
, - HTML , ,
XML (, ) HTML. - -
, .
HTML ()
(, ), XML
() (- -
, ).
, HTML -
Microsoft Word, XML
( ). HTML,
XML -
. (-
), -
, , Microsoft Word (*.doc)
- (, Microsoft Access Microsoft SQL Server).
, XML "-"
(document-oriented) (data-oriented).
, , -
.
, XML, -
Web- W3C (World Wide Web Consortium)
www.w3.org.
XML,
, XML. ,
, . 4.5.2.

4.5.1. XML
XML, HTML, , (tag), ,
HTML, (
), XML ,
, XML (meta-
markup language).


XML SGML (Standard Generalized Markup Language,
), ISO (International Organization for
Standardization, ) 1986 .

1
HTML . .
4. Excel 155

HTML ,
.

XML
HTML, XML .

XML
XML (elements), -
(attributes) (comments).
XML.
:
<ElementName> Content </ElementName>
<ElementName> (start tag), </ElementName> -
(end tag), Content () .
:
<name> </name>
:
<employee>
<name> </name>
<salary> 4000 </salary>
</employee>
.
:
<salary currency="USD"> 4000 </salary>
:
<!-- -->

XML
XML (prolog)
(root element).

XML , -
:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" ?>
, XML -
:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="Windows-1251" ?>
<!-- XML -->
156 II. Excel

<employee>
<name> </name>
<salary currency="USD"> 4000 </salary>
</employee>
, (-
, simple.xml) Internet Explorer
(. 4.14).

. 4.14. simple.xml, Internet Explorer

: ""
<employee>, (. 4.15).

. 4.15. simple.xml ( )
4. Excel 157

XML
XML ( HTML) -
(),
XML (XML schema), , -
, . .
, XML ,
,
(, USD
1).
XML-
XML- (validation).
,
xsd,
.


, ,
, "-
" .

XSD (XML Schema Defini-


tion Language, XML).
, -
.


(" ")
, . , -
, -
, -
, ,
.
(namespace).
-
.
(), . -
URL (Uniform Resource Locator, -
).
:
<namespacePrefix:elementName xmlns:namespacePrefix = 'URL'>

1
, -
(, Access).
158 II. Excel

staff URL
http://www.myorg.ru/staff:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="Windows-1251" ?>
<!-- -->
<staff:employee xmlns:staff = 'http://www.myorg.ru/staff'>
<staff:name> </staff:name>
<staff:salary currency="USD"> 4000 </staff:salary>
</staff:employee>
URL -
. , URL
.
.
. (default na-
mespace).
:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="Windows-1251" ?>
<!-- -->
<employee xmlns = 'http://www.myorg.ru/staff>
<name> </name>
<salary currency="USD"> 4000 </salary>
</employee>
, XML
, -
, . . XML :
schema;
(
). URL
: http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema.
, XML , , ,
4.1 (
xs).

4.1. XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="Windows-1251" ?>


<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
<xs:element name="employee">
<xs:complexType>
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element name="name" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="salary" type="xs:integer"/>
</xs:sequence>
4. Excel 159

</xs:complexType>
</xs:element>
</xs:schema>


, () ,
( .NET, -
" "). : "." "xs:element" -
- ( ).

XML,
4.1 XML
XML, , :
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="Windows-1251" ?>
<employees>
<!-- START OF SCHEMA -->
<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
<xs:element name="employee">
<xs:complexType>
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element name="name" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="salary" type="xs:integer"/>
</xs:sequence>
</xs:complexType>
</xs:element>
</xs:schema>
<!-- END OF SCHEMA -->
<employee>
<name> </name>
<salary>4000</salary>
</employee>
</employees>
, , ,
( ).

XML
4.1 , ,
MySchema.xsd.
, , -
MySchema.xsd,
( "http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance").
160 II. Excel

, - (
), schemaLocation,
noNamespaceSchemaLocation ( 4.2).

4.2. XML MySchema.xsd

?xml version="1.0" encoding="Windows-1251" ?>


<!-- XML -->
<employee xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
xsi:schemaLocation="employee MySchema.xsd">
<name></name>
<salary>4000</salary>
</employee>

XML (-
SchemaN.xsd),
, XML ( 4.3).
employee (. 4.1) -
employees,
employee, -
(maxOccurs="unbounded").

4.3. XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="Windows-1251" ?>


<xs:schema xmlns:xs="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema">
<xs:element name="employees">
<xs:complexType>
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element ref="employee" maxOccurs="unbounded"/>
</xs:sequence>
</xs:complexType>
</xs:element>
<xs:element name="employee">
<xs:complexType>
<xs:sequence>
<xs:element name="name" type="xs:string"/>
<xs:element name="salary" type="xs:integer"/>
</xs:sequence>
</xs:complexType>
</xs:element>
</xs:schema>
4. Excel 161

4.4 XML -
, SchemaN.xsd (.
4.3).

. 4.16. XML Spy XML

4.4. XML

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="Windows-1251" ?>


<!-- XML -->
<employees xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance">
xsi:schemaLocation="employee SchemaN.xsd"
<employee>
<name></name>
<salary>4000</salary>
</employee>
<employee>
<name></name>
<salary>3000</salary>
162 II. Excel

</employee>
<employee>
<name></name>
<salary>5000</salary>
</employee>
</employees>

,
XML Spy Altova.
. 4.16 XML,
4.2 4.41.
.

4.5.2. XML Excel


( )
XML, .
XML XML (
. ), Excel
,
XML , . -
, Excel XML
, .
( , ).

XML-
() XML
XML-:
1. |
.
2. , , -
XML (*.xml)
.
.
3. XML (. 4.17) -
XML- OK.
4. , -
, Excel (. 4.18).

1
.
4. Excel 163

. 4.17. XML

. 4.18. Excel XML-

. 4.19. XML Excel


164 II. Excel

5. OK XML- -
Excel (. 4.19).
XML, Excel, -
| XML | , , -
XML XML (. . 4.19).


, | ,
-
OK.

XML XML
XML XML.
1. Excel ( ), -
XML.
2. | XML | , -
, XML (. 4.20).

. 4.20. XML
4. Excel 165

3. XML
XML XML, . 4.23.
4. XML
XML (. 4.21).
5. .

. 4.21. XML-

. 4.22.
XML-
166 II. Excel

6. , -
XML- (. 4.22). -
OK -
XML (. 4.23).
7. XML
OK
XML Excel ( . 4.24).

. 4.23. XML

. 4.24.
XML Excel
4. Excel 167

XML:
1. XML
,
(. 4.25).
2. | XML | ,
XML -
. -
, . 4.19.

. 4.25. Excel
XML

4.5.3. Excel
XML
Excel XML -
( ):
1. .
168 II. Excel

. 4.26. XML

. 4.27. XML, Excel


4. Excel 169

2. | XML | .
XML
(. 4.26), XML.
OK.
3. ,
, .
Excel XML,
.
. 4.27 Excel XML.
(UTF-8).
5


, ,
, -
Excel Microsoft Office. , Excel, Office
. -
, , ,
,
, , -
.
-
:
, ,
Excel;
, , -
TXT1;
Microsoft Excel.

5.1. ,

-
Excel, . -
,
Microsoft Office. , -
3 2, ,
Microsoft Windows, OLE (Object Linking and Embed-

1
:
, Windows.
2
. "" .
5. 171

ding). , -
, . OLE -
. ,
(, Microsoft Word) -
, 1 . , -
, ,
-.
.


OLE Microsoft Office,
, 32-
Windows. -
ActiveX.

5.1.1.
Excel ,
Windows: OLE, ActiveX ( -
OC Windows) DDE (Dynamic
Data Exchange, ).
(drag-and-drop) .
, -
, Windows.
Windows ,
| | | |
. Windows
.
, , -
, , , -
. .
Microsoft Office ( Microsoft Office 2000) -
, .
-
, .
24 , -
(e-mail), Web-, -
!2

1
,
.
2
Microsoft Office 2000 12.
172 II. Excel

Microsoft Office .
| | (. 5.1).
,
<Ctrl>+<C>, -
.

. 5.1. Microsoft Office

, ( ) -
(, ) (. 5.2). ,
, ,
, ,
. , -
, . -
; ,
, ,
,
. -
. .
, .
Office -

.
Office -

.
Office -
, -
.
5. 173

-
.
Office
<Ctrl>+<C> .
. 5.2 .

. 5.2. ()

:
1. , .
2. . ,
, , .
3. | | , -
<Ctrl>+<C> <Ctrl>+<Insert>. -
, | | -
( <Ctrl>+<X> <Ctrl>+<Delete>).
Microsoft Office
( Windows).
4. , .
( ).
174 II. Excel

5. | | 1
<Ctrl>+<V> <Shift>+<Insert>. , -
, .
Microsoft Of-
fice 2010 ( Microsoft Office 2007), -
: , 2, -
.
.
Microsoft Office, -
.


,
, -
| | (. . 5.1 5.2).

Microsoft Of-
fice (, Excel Word),
drag-and-drop:
1. (, Microsoft Word), -
(-).
2. Microsoft Excel .
3. "" , , , ,
-.
4. .
Microsoft Office ,
,
<Ctrl> ,
(. . ).


, ,
, , .
,
Excel . ,
, -
. , -
Windows , -

1
-
Microsoft Office 2010 ( 2007). Windows
| .
5. 175

, -
, , , .
-
| | ( |
| ), -
. . 5.3, ,
Microsoft Word.

. 5.3. Excel
Microsoft Word

5.1.2. Excel

, , -
.
-
, , ,
.
Office ( Excel) -
, -
, .
- OLE -
:
- , (-
);
176 II. Excel

- , (-
), "-", . . ,
()
.


, , ,
OLE. ,
drag-and-drop.
, :
1. - - - Excel.
-.
2. | |
( <Ctrl>+<C>)1.
3. Excel. () .
4. | | (
<Ctrl>+<V>).
, drag-and-drop, -
- -.


drag-and-drop .

.
:
, . .
;
- ( -
), , , -
;
, . . -
-.
:
, , -
;
, -
( -
-
);

1
, Microsoft Office 2010 2007.
- .
5. 177

-
;
-
, , ,
(. . " " ).
, -
, .
, -
.
:
1. | |
(. 5.4).

. 5.4.

2. .
3. ,
. , . .
.
4. OK. Excel -
-.
5. .
, Excel .
:
1. | | .
(. . 5.4).
178 II. Excel

2. .
.
3. , ,
. -
. OK.
Excel ,
OLE 2, , -
OLE ( Microsoft Office OLE 2,
9.0, . . Microsoft Office 2000). Excel -, -
OLE 2, :
- Excel.
Excel ,
;
- -
Excel ().


3 Excel.
, -
, . OLE -
.
.
, -
, ,
. -
, . . -
- , .
-
, . ( -
, , , -
: .)
:
1. , -
. .
2. | | | -
( <Ctrl>+<C>).
3. Excel, .
(), .
4. | | | -
. (. . 5.3).
5. .
5. 179

6. .
-, .
|
| | 4 .


- ,
, |
| | .


Excel . -
, | | .

Excel
.
.
, Excel
.
, . .,
.


-
,
Web-, -
.

5.2.

.


- ,
Excel, , , , -
Excel.

Excel ( -
, , . .) ,
(. . -
) .
-
. ,
180 II. Excel

| | -
. -
.
.
.
,
.
, ,
(. 5.5).

. 5.5. Excel

. -
- (, ,
. . . 5.6). -
. -
Excel.

. 5.6. Excel


Excel.
.
5. 181

5.2.1.

, :
1. | .
.
2. (*.txt *.prn *.csv)1.
3. , ,
(. 5.7).

. 5.7. ,

4.
: -
- .
5. ,
. ,
2 , , ,
( ).
6. , -
: Macintosh, Windows (ANSI),
20866: (KOI8-R), 1251: (Windows) . .

1
Csv Comma Separated Values (. . , ).
182 II. Excel

7. ,
.



(, , . 5.5), :
1. () - 2 3 -
-
.
. -
.
, , , -
, (. 5.8).

. 5.8. , ( )

2. .
3. (. 5.9)
, .
4. (, , , -
)
: , , -
.
5. 183

. 5.9. ,

5. -
, . -
(. 5.10).

. 5.10.

6.
, .
7. ,
, , .
8. -
.
184 II. Excel

9. OK. -
() - 3 3.
10. .
. 5.5 . 5.11.

. 5.11.

-
() - 1 3 (. . 5.7)
, - (, ,
. 5.6), () - 2 3
(. 5.12) :
1. - -
, , , (
) , .
2. ,
- .
3. , -
( ).
4. 310 -
.
5. 185

. 5.6 . 5.12 ( -
, . 5.5).

. 5.12. , .

5.3. Excel

-
. -
, , ,
.
.
,
,
, , -
.
Excel, Microsoft Office,
1 . -

1
WinFax,

.
186 II. Excel

Microsoft Outlook, Microsoft Outlook Express, Microsoft Exchange


.


Microsoft ,
, , , -
, , Web-,
. .
, , ""
Microsoft Office.

5.3.1.
Excel
. -
Microsoft Office .
Microsoft Excel -
:
;
.
.


.
Microsoft Excel ,
| | |
. -
, . , -
Microsoft Outlook , . 5.13.
(. ),
:
-
(
);
, . -
;
, ;
-
;

.
5. 187

. 5.13. Excel

- , -
.

Excel

,
:
1.
.
2. .
3. .
4. OK.


-
.
188 II. Excel

,

(. 5.14).

. 5.14.


-
, | |
| , .


, . 5.14, Microsoft Ex-
cel (. 5.15) " ".

. 5.15. Excel
5. 189

:
, Ex-
cel: , ,
. .;
.
;
,
-
;
-
.
;
HTML.


Excel -
. ,
, (
), .

PDF
Excel 2010
PDF
.


PDF (Portable Document Format) -
, Adobe Systems -
PostScript. , PDF,
Adobe Acrobat Reader. PDF, ,
.

PDF
| |
| PDF. ,
, -
PDF, .
, -
.


( ) PDF
. | -
190 II. Excel

| PDF/XPS | PDF/XPS.

.

5.3.2.

. ,
, .

. 5.16.

() , -
-
( ):
1. .
(. 5.16).
2. (), -
.
; , -
.
3. -> (. . 5.16).
5. 191

4. , - -
->.
5. "" , -
->.
6. OK.

,
.

5.3.3.
,
, Microsoft Outlook Microsoft Outlook Express.
| | Microsoft Office | Microsoft Outlook
2010 | | Microsoft Outlook.
Outlook
Outlook Express . (-
) . -
. -
, .
. , -
, .

5.3.4. Excel
-
, -
, .
-
.
| | | -
.
.
Excel
Microsoft Exchange. ,
Microsoft Exchange.


Microsoft Exchange Microsoft Outlook -
:
, -
, , . -
192 II. Excel

, , ,
, Microsoft Exchange ( -
).

5.4.
" " Excel Microsoft
Office. -
Microsoft Office 2010. Excel Access
"Microsoft Access 2010" "Microsoft Excel 2010"1; -
Excel . ,
Excel Outlook.

1
. ., . . Microsoft Excel 2010. .: -, 2010.
III

EXCEL

-
, Excel. -
Excel, -
.
6 Excel .
, , -
, . -
.
7 , .
, ,
. -
.
8 Excel . -

, , .
9
Excel. -
Excel.
10 Excel . -
-
Visual Basic .
, -
. 6 -
.xltx, -
( 7).
, -
(, , )
. 8 -
, (. 9).
, , ,
.
6


Microsoft Excel
, , ,
, -
. :
Excel;
;
;
.
, -

.

6.1. ,


, -
.
.

6.1.1.
Excel Microsoft Excel.
,
, . -
, , , .
Excel :
xlsx ( );
xlsm ( , . 10).
196 III. Excel


Excel (2003 ) xls.
Microsoft
Office Open XML.

Excel
Microsoft Excel, Windows. , -
, Excel.


, :
1. |
<Ctrl>+<O>.
(. 6.1). -
, .
Windows.

. 6.1.

2. , ,
. -
, . -
, , . -
6. 197


, . -
.
. , .
3. ,
.
. , -
.
. , ,
, , , -
, .

. -
. ,
Excel , , , -
, .
, -
: "" ("Copy of") . -
-
() . HTML-
(. 3, 4).
,
( ), -
( Excel 2002).

, . .
.
, -
. ,
.
( -
). ,
. .


, ,
, -
.
, .


. -
-
, .
198 III. Excel


, , -
, . 6.2.

. 6.2. Microsoft Excel

Microsoft Excel .
:
1. | | |
.
2. (. 6.3)
-
. ,
... , . .
.
3. OK.

. 6.3.
6. 199

, -
,
. , .

Windows
Microsoft Excel , Excel, -
Windows. -
, . .
, Excel.
Excel , -
.
, , -
<Ctrl> <Shift>,
.


Microsoft Excel -
. -
, ,
, .


, , . .
, , .

, , -
, -
:
. ,
, -
,
.
:
1. .
2. | .
3. |
.
4. -
(. 6.4).
5. OK .
6. .
200 III. Excel

. 6.4.


/
/ Excel, -
, -
, , , -
.

. , -
.
, :
1. | .
2. (. 6.5) Excel
.
3. , -
Excel .
4. OK.
6. 201

. 6.5. Excel


Excel ( Windows) -
. -
:
, , -
, ;
, : , ,
, ;
, -
, ;
-
.
:
1.
-
(. 6.6).
.
202 III. Excel

. 6.6.


2. , .


, Microsoft Excel
.

. 6.7.
6. 203

, Excel , -
, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Query, dBase, XML, Web-
, .
-
, -
. -
.
(. 6.7).

Excel
Excel 2010 Excel 2007 Excel 5.0/95,
Excel 97, Excel 2000, Excel 2002 Excel 2003
Excel .
Excel 2010 ,
.

Excel 2007/2010
Excel
, Excel -
xlsx Microsoft Office Open XML, -
Excel.
Excel, -
Office Microsoft
Microsoft Office Word, Excel Power-
Point 2007-2010 (Microsoft Office Compatibility Pack for Word, Excel, and PowerPoint
2007 File Formats). -
Office 2007/2010 Microsoft Office 972003.

:
1. Web- Microsoft:
http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/. -
Web- office.
microsoft.com.
FileFormatConverters.exe 37,2 .
2.
Microsoft Office 97, 2000, 2002 2003 -
.


, Microsoft Excel -
, .
204 III. Excel

:
1. | .
2. .
3. , .
4. . ,
.
, . " -
" .
Excel
3.

6.1.2.
, , .
.


:
1. | .
2. (. . 6.7)
. 255 ,
. , , . . -
, . -
, .
3. .


, , , 10
15 . ""
.

. . " " .

<Ctrl>+<S>.
, Microsoft Excel.
-
(.
. 6.7) . . "
" .
, Excel
Excel.
6. 205


, , -
.
:
1. | .
2. , ,
Excel (*.xlsx).
3. ,
. 6.7, . ,
.
4. .


, -
( ) ,
.


-
. -
. , -
:
1. |
.
2. , . 6.4,
.
3. OK.
4. .
-
. xlk ,
1.xlsx -
1.xlk,
1.xlsx 1.


Excel ,
. , -

1
,
1.xlsx 1.xlk,
1.xlsx.
206 III. Excel

. , -
,
. ,
,
. , -
, , , , -
, .

| .
, -
.
, ,
. -
, . 6.8.

. 6.8.


: , , , , , .
.
.
, ,
.
6. 207

-
.
.
,
. 6.1. . -
Excel.
( | .)

6.1.

. ,

, (
)

, .
, " ", "-" . .

, ,

, . ,

,
,
. ,
:



( ).
,

OK.


,
.
, <Ctrl>+<S>.
208 III. Excel



"". , . .
,
.
:
1. | -
Excel.
2. Excel (. . 6.5) -
, , -
.
3.
.
4. OK.


Microsoft Excel .
: .

:
1. | ,
.
2. |
. , -
. 6.4.
3. ,
.
. -,
14 .
4. , -
.
5. -
, -
" ".
6. OK .
OK.



Microsoft Excel Microsoft Excel
2007/2010 xlsx.
6. 209

Excel 2010
, ( -
):
1. , |
.
2. .
3. .
4. .
, ,
Excel 2010 ( Excel 2007), Excel (972003), ,
, -
.


( Excel ):
1. | .
2. Excel (.
. 6.5).
3. -
,
.
4. OK.


" ", " ", ,
( Mi-
crosoft Excel). -
, -
Excel, .
. -
, Microsoft Excel, -
. , , .
:
1. , .
2. | | .

, .
.
3. , , .
4. .
xlw.
210 III. Excel


-
. . , -

, Excel -
.

. -
Excel .

6.1.3.
, | .
,
. ,
,
(. 6.9).

. 6.9.

6.2.
-
(, ),
(template) Microsoft Excel.
. ,
, , , . ,
, . .
, ,
.
:
xltx ( );
xltm ( , . 10).
6. 211


Excel (2003 ) xlt.
Xltx, xltm Excel,
XML (. 4).

Microsoft Excel -
. ,
.
( , -
) -
Excel, .

6.2.1.
, -
:
1. .
2. , -
.
3. , .
4. .
, -
.
, -
, ,
, ,
.


.xltx
.


,
, Excel (-
| ).
, , (. . -
) ,
( 3). ,
.
212 III. Excel


,
1.

:
1.
(. 6.10) .

. 6.10.

2. 1
.
2 3 -
(. 6.11).

. 6.11.

,
:
1. -
(. . 6.10) -
(. 6.12).
2. OK .

1
,

.
6. 213

. 6.12.


, -
,
<Shift>+<F11>.

3. , .
4. -
/. -
(. 6.13).

. 6.13.
214 III. Excel

5. ,
, , , OK.


,
.

, Excel:
1. | .
2. (. 6.14)
, Documents and Settings\user_name\
Application Data\Microsoft\ ( Windows 2000 Win-
dows XP) Users\user_name\AppData\Roaming\Microsoft\ (
Windows Vista). ( -
, , "Microsoft Excel 2010"1.)
3. .
4. Excel
(*.xltx). xltx (-
).
5. .

. 6.14. Excel

1
. ., . . Microsoft Excel 2010. .: -, 2010.
6. 215


(-
8 "Microsoft Excel 2010").

6.2.2.

Excel -
.xltx.
1. |
.
2.
.
3. .xltx -
OK.
4. -
1.xlsx ( Excel
2.xlsx, 3.xlsx . .).
5. -
, (. 6.15).

. 6.15. , .xltx
216 III. Excel

6.2.3.
Excel.


, ,
.

Excel ,
|
Excel Excel.
-
Excel.


( ) -
,
.
7

Excel

, Excel -
. , Excel
,
, . -
(database). Ex-
cel ,
.


" " -
, Excel .
, " " Excel, (" -
"), ,
, , .
-
, _ (Database).
, ( ) , Excel
" ".

, , Ex-
cel, . Excel , ,
. -
. ,
,
, , ,
, .
:
;
;
, ;
.
218 III. Excel


.xltx, 6.

7.1.
. Excel
, -
( ,
).

7.1.1. Excel
(, ) -
, .
, .
, ,
. -
. -
: , . .; , -
; ,
: , , , , -
, . .
, , :
( );
(
);
( , -
);
() ();
(
, : , -
, . .).
Excel () ,
. Excel
, . -
, - B, -
C . . , -
. .

, .
7. Excel 219

. , ,
. . , .
, , .
. ,
.
.
. , Excel
. ,
. ,

, .
. -
, _, , Excel -
.
, , -
.
.
. 7.1 Excel.

. 7.1. Excel


, -
, -
220 III. Excel

1
. , Excel
. , -
-
(, Microsoft Access Microsoft
SQL Server ). Excel
.


, Excel ( 2007) "" -
. , -
, -
. Excel .
Excel ,
,
, . ( -
. . 7.1.3.)


-
.
.
, -
, .
,
. , , -
, , , , . .

. -
, .
, -
. , , -
.
:
;
;
;
;
;
;

1
(). , ,
, , , (desktop),
, , ,
( ), - (client-server).
7. Excel 221

;
;
.


, .
,
,
. .
, -
, ( ) .
: -
<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<*>.
.
-
, .
, ,
,
.
,
Microsoft Access Excel. Access -

Excel.
-
. .
. -

, (, )
. ,
.
_ , -
.
, -
.

7.1.2.
Excel
, -
. -
.
222 III. Excel

:
-
_ (Database) , Excel
1

;
_ ,
, .
,
, Excel -
. , .
,
. ,
.
,
, .


, .

.
, _
| | .
_ -
, ,
(,
, ), ,
. -
Excel (. -
).
,
.
, , -
.

7.1.3.
, , Excel 2010
2007 ,

1
,
, _ -
, . , -
, .
7. Excel 223

.
(tables).
| | .
, -
| | ,
.
-
(. 7.2).

. 7.2.

.
,
. 7.1, . 7.3.
,
,
.
224 III. Excel

-
.
(. . 7.3).

. 7.3. 1
. 7.1

, | -
| -,
| | . -
, -
.
,
.
,
( . . "-
" ).
( )
| | -
.
.
7. Excel 225

7.1.4.
Excel ,
, -
, .
Microsoft Excel:
.
, -
, -
, ;
.
,
, .
.
:
OLE DB ( ,
, OLE
DB);
Microsoft Query ODBC (
Excel 2003 );
Web-, Web. -
World Wide Web.

. 7.5.

7.2.
, .
, . Excel -
-
, , -
.

7.2.1.
.
. , ,
, . -
.
. -
.
226 III. Excel

-
1

.
Access
Excel.
Visual Basic (Visual Basic for Applications, VBA).
,
, -
.
Excel
. -
.


(,
), ,
( ) . -
, .
.
:
255 ;

. , Excel
;
, . .
;
-
.


( -
), .
.
.
Excel, (, ,
), (
).
, , ,
. -
. , -

1
Excel .
7. Excel 227

| -
| | <F5>, -
.
:
.
_. , -
, -
. ,
_
.
, ,
(. 7.4).
:
1. .
2. | | . -
(. 7.4).

. 7.4. _
228 III. Excel

3. . -
.
4. OK.


, -
_ . -
, _,
.

, -
. -
| | (. 7.5).

. 7.5.

, -
.
,
(. . 7.4).
,
. , , -
(. . 7.5).
7. Excel 229


: ,
, (
), .

. Excel
, .


-
, -
.
, -
:
1.
.
2. .
3. .
4. OK.


-
.

:
1. . ,
.
_, .
2. . ,
. 7.6.
3. .
4. .
<Tab>. <Enter>
, -
.


,
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5. 3 4.
6. , .
230 III. Excel

. 7.6.

-
. -
. , , . -
.


, -
. ,
.


.
.

,
10 .
- . -
.
, OK.

7.2.2.
-
.
,
() . -
7. Excel 231

,
.


, . -
_, , -
, .


,
<Ctrl>+< >. -
. ,
<Shift> (. . <Ctrl>+<Shift>+< >). < > :
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.

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.
,
<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<+> | | | -
, -
.
, -
, .
:
1. ( ).
2. .
3. . 7.1 ,
, . -
2 ( 2 3
, ).
4. <Esc>,
.
5. ,
. ,
. 7.1, , .

7.1.

( )

<Tab>

<Shift>+<Tab>
232 III. Excel

7.1 ()

( )

<Enter>

<Shift>+<Enter>

, (. 7.2).
.

7.2.

<Ctrl>+<;> ( )

<Ctrl>+<:> ( )

<Ctrl>+<'>

<Ctrl>+<">

<Ctrl>+
+<- >



-
.
, -
-
, Excel .

(. 7.7). -
.
, Excel -
,
.
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Excel.
2. .
7. Excel 233

3. . -
, .

. 7.7.

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. ,

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, , -
.
. -
(. . 7.7). ,
.
, .
234 III. Excel

7.2.3.
, Excel -
, -
.
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. | ,
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. -
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.
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-
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, .


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. , ,
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<>. -
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. , -
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Excel ,
, ,
. , ,
Excel -
. Excel
.
7. Excel 235

7.3.
-
. Excel
, .

7.3.1.
, -
.
,
. Excel 2010 (2007)
64 1.
, -
.
:
( Excel -
);
( , -
), , , -
.
. Ex-
cel :
;
;
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(
, ).


Excel Windows: -
.
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( Windows | -
| ).

1
Excel .
236 III. Excel

-
.

.
-
.


, .
, -
, . -
,
. ,
.

7.3.2.
( ) -
(. 7.8).

. 7.8.

.
:
| | ;
| | |
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:
1. | . -
( | ), -
7. Excel 237

,
. ( ) -
.
2. , . -
,
, .
3. (. . 7.8) , -
, , | | .
4. . -
.
, .
.
5. , -
.
(first sort key).
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-
, : ,
.
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7.
: ( ),
( ), ( )
, , ).
-
(. . 7.3.5).

. 7.9.

8. ,
.
238 III. Excel

: , ,
, , , . -
57 . -
() 64.
. 7.9 .
9. OK.


, -
, , , . -
, .
,
| | (
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, . -
. -
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, , -
,
.
-
(. 7.10) , OK.

. 7.10.

-
.
-
,
. ,
.
7. Excel 239

7.3.3.
-
,
: ( ) ( ).
:
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| ;
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.


.
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.
: -
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:
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.
2.
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( ).
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).

7.3.4.

-
, (. 7.11).
,
:
1. .
, , -
.
240 III. Excel

. 7.11. ( )

2. 1, -
2.
3. , -
( )
. , -
. -
. ( 2 1 2 -
.)
.
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7.3.5.
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- , . -
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7. Excel 241

,
(. . 7.8 7.9) ,
, . -
(. 7.12).

. 7.12.

.
, , -

.
OK.
,
.


, , Excel -
.
, .
Excel -
( ).

-
- , , -
, , . . -
242 III. Excel

, , ,
. : VI--555555, 7-812-
1878787, -001 . . ,
. -999-12 -1000-12
,
-999-12 9, -1000-12.
. -
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. ,
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, 0056. 0056 .
(. . "-
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. 7.3.
7.3.


56 0000 0056

="0056" 0056

'0056 0056

( |
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.

.


, , , -
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, .
, -
. (<Ctrl>+<Z>) -
.

7.4.
,
. -
7. Excel 243

, . Excel
. -
, .
Excel : , -
. -
. -
, ,
. -
, ,
.
.

7.4.1.
,
, , , -
. , , -
, >01.05.2010, . -
, ,
, . -
.
Excel , :
-
(
);
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( , , -
);
-
;
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, (
. " " ).



.
( , ) .
Excel .
-
.
244 III. Excel

. . 7.13
.

. 7.13.

. . 7.4.2.


. ,
, Excel ,
.



. (. 7.4).
7.4.


= =200 , 200
= =
> >200 200
>= >=200 200

7. Excel 245

7.4 ()


< <200 200
<= <=200 200

<> <>200 , 200

.
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, = (), -
. , , <> ( ).


-
, . 7.4. -
, . -
Excel . ,
>=03.03.2010 <>17..

-

, , ,
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.
246 III. Excel



, ,
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Excel -
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. -
.
, . -
:
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).

7.4.2.

,
, .
:
1. .
2. , |
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. . 7.2).

1
, ,
(. . 7.15) -
.
7. Excel 247

3. ( ) .
. 7.6 .
4. ,
(. 7.14).

. 7.14.

,
. . 7.14 ,
2009 ., 10 000 .,
, * (
).
5. , ,
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6.
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, ,
.
248 III. Excel


, .
, -
.

,
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:
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2. | | |
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(. 7.15). -

.
:
1. , , .
2. (. 7.15),
. 7.5.

. 7.15.

3. ,
(. ).
4. 1, .
7. Excel 249

-
(. 7.5).
7.5. ,

...

, ,
,
1

,
,

,

,
2

,

,

-
,
(. . 7.3).
. -
. ,
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.
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.
, | -
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1
.
2
.
250 III. Excel

, , -
| | .


()
. -
, ,
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.
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:
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, , (
).
2. , , ,
, . . . -
(. 7.16).

. 7.16.

3. . -
, , -
. . 7.16
( 20.04.2009 20.07.2009).
4. .
5. OK.


,
, .
7. Excel 251

, , -
. ,
. -
,
Microsoft Query.


-
, .
, -
.
( | | |
| ).
.
,
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1. (
<Delete> | | | -
, ).
2. .
, , -
, . .
252 III. Excel

:
1. , -
. , -
_ (Database).
2. | | . -
(. 7.17).

. 7.17.

3. . -
-
,
, -
.
4. , -
.
.
5. , -
.
6. ,

.
7. , , -
( -
).
8. OK.

.


, -
, *
7. Excel 253

(). , ,
. , , -
, . .


Excel -
Lotus 1-2-3, Excel -
, Lotus 1-2-3.
, , , | -
.



, -
, . -
, . -
.
,
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. 7.18.
254 III. Excel

, ,
.
, -
, ,
, . .
. 7.18 , :
>40000

= >20.04.2009


.
. -
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, .
.


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(TRUE, FALSE), .
, ,
.
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. 7.19 , ,
10 . ,
=(H11-E11<10;I11>0;F11>0) ,
, .
. -

.
,
. -
, -
(. . 7.19). -
( $).
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, (,
). ,
.
7. Excel 255

. 7.19.

:
=B11=E11
=B11<E11/2
=B11E11>10
,
,
( 11- ).
, -
.
-
, .
. , -
.


(), (),
() (AND(), OR(), NOT()). ,
-
. (), (), () . -
(. 7.6).
256 III. Excel

7.6.


() (TRUE), ()
. (FALSE),

() ,
. ,

() :

. 7.20 ,
, , 1 2010 .
:
=((_;D11;__)>(_;D11;_
);E11>("01.05.2010"))

. 7.20.

8.
( )
| | | -
| | .
7. Excel 257

7.4.3.
, ,
.
, , ,
.

Excel. , -
. , -
, , ,
, . -
.
, .
, -
.


,
.
, . . 7.7
. -
.

7.7. ,

| | .

| |

| |

| |

| |

( )

( )

(
, ,
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)
258 III. Excel

,

,
.
| | .
-
.
-
.


-
-
Excel. .
, (. )
.
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.
| | | | -
.



. . -,
, -
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1. .
2. , .
3. <Ctrl>+<Insert> <Ctrl>+<C>
| | .
4. , , ,
.
5. <Shift>+<Insert> <Ctrl>+<V>
| | .

,
.
7. Excel 259

, -
(. . 7.17) .
( -

).
-
. , -
(Extract).
, -
. (-
)
, ( ) Excel -
: -
, , -
, .


Excel -
.
- ,
. .

, , -
.


, ,
| | -
.
,
( . . 7.2 7.4.2).

7.4.4.

-
.
(. 7.8) -
.
.
260 III. Excel

7.8.

, , ,


, ,

, ,

7.5.
Excel ,
. Excel,
, -
.
7. Excel 261

.
Excel.
Excel
1.
, dBASE, FoxPro, Lotus 1-2-3, Multiplan,
Excel .
, Excel XML
. Excel -
XML
.
OLE DB.
OLE DB -
. OLE DB ,
-
-
.
OLE DB , , 2 -
(),
:
, , ,
-
. , -
, MS SQL Server, Oracle Server, IBM DB2, Sybase;
"" , -
. -
MySQL, Firebird, Interbase, MS Access.

SQL (Structured Query Language, ),
OLE DB
.
Excel
OLAP3, .
ODBC.
ODBC (Open Database Connectivity) -
, OLE DB -

1
"" ,
().
2
"" .
3
OLAP (On-Line Analytical Processing) ,
. - ,
, . OLAP
.
262 III. Excel

, OLE DB .
Excel, ODBC , Microsoft Query.
Web-.
World Wide Web Excel
. Web- -
, Web
Excel.

7.5.1.
Excel
Excel -
. ( Excel -
) Excel , -
,
, Excel.
. 7.9 , Excel -
() (). Excel -
, XML
.

7.9. , Excel

Excel 4.0 xls Excel 4.0

Excel 4.0 xlw Excel 4.0 (


, Excel 4)

Excel 4.0 xlc Excel 4.0

Excel 4.0 xlm Excel 4.0

Excel 5.0 xls Excel 5.0

Excel 97-2003 xls Excel 972003

Excel 97-2003 xlt Excel 972003

txt, prn , ,
, ,
.

;

7. Excel 263

7.9 ()

txt, csv , ,
;
(

)

WKS wks Lotus 1-2-3 1, 1A Symphony; Microsoft Works


(
Works)

WK1 wk1, fmt, all Lotus 1-2-3 2.x

WK3 wk3, fm3 Lotus 1-2-3 3 (


)

Quattro wq1, wbi Quattro 2.0, Quattro Pro for DOS Quattro Pro for
Windows

DIF dif :
(VisiCalc)

DBF 2, DBF 3, dbf dBASE II, dBASE III, dBASE IV


DBF 4

SYLK Slk : Multiplan, Microsoft Works


Excel :
1. | . -
. . -
<Enter>!
2. ,
(. . 7.9).
3. .
4. OK.
Excel -
, ,
, . Excel -
Lotus 1-2-3 3.0 .
.
264 III. Excel


Excel . -
Excel
, -
OLE DB ODBC (. ).
Windows Excel
.

,
Excel
, Excel (. . 7.9),
Excel.
:
1. |
.
2. .
3. , .
.
4. . Excel .
5. Excel . -
Excel . -
OK. Excel
.
Excel.
Excel. -
Excel ,
, , Excel.
Excel -
. , ,
Excel.


"" ,
, , Excel.


(
), , -
OLE DB ODBC, -
Excel.
7. Excel 265


"", " " CSV. Excel () -
255
.
, -
(. . 5.2).

XML
XML ,
,
. Excel XML- -
. 4.5.

7.5.2. OLE DB
OLE DB :
"" . -
-
, SQL.
OLE DB Excel -
.


(connection) , -
. -
, -
, OLAP.
OLE DB, ODBC.
.
,
, -
, .

(Nothwind), Microsoft Access Microsoft SQL
Server. ( -
SQL Server 2005).
Excel .
, -
. 7.21.
,
.
266 III. Excel


.
1. | | -
(. 7.21).

. 7.21.

, -
. 7.21,
.
SQL Server.



:
Access MS Access, -
Web c Web- (. . 7.5.4), -
(. . 5.2).

2. -
(. 7.22).

,
.
7. Excel 267

. 7.22.

.
3. ,
( OLAP)
(. 7.23).

. 7.23.
268 III. Excel

. 7.23 Nothwind, -
.
.
4.
,
(. 7.24).
-
. -
.
My Data Sources, (My Documents)
; -
, .

. 7.24.

-
.
.
5.
, . 7.25. -
,
. -
, , .
7. Excel 269

. 7.25.


,
?. -
, (. . 7.27) (.
. " " ).
OK, .

. 7.26.
270 III. Excel


, |
| .
, . 7.26,
, .
ACERLAPTOP_SERVER Nothwind , -
,
.
(. . 7.25)
, .
, , -
, | | .


, . "
" , , -
, , (. 7.27).

. 7.27. , ,
|
7. Excel 271

-
| .
()
, : , , -
, .
, -
. , OLE DB Excel
, .


, -
, . -
|
| | . -
| | .

, ,
| | | -
.

7.5.3. Web
Microsoft Office -
Web. ,
, WWW. -
Excel
Web-.

Web-
Web-:
1. | | .
- (. 7.28).
2. , -
, <Enter> .
3. , Web-
(. 7.29). ,
, Web-,
:
, ;
RTF, -
;
272 III. Excel

HTML, -
HTML.

. 7.28. -

. 7.29. -
7. Excel 273

4. <PRE> -
, <PRE>, :
<PRE> ;
;
.
5. , -
Web-.
6. OK.
7. . -
-
(. . 7.28)
. (. 7.30).
, , ,
. .

. 7.30.

-
.
8. -
.
(. 7.31).
274 III. Excel

. 7.31.

9. ,
?, :
.
10. OK.
. 7.32 Web-.
Web -
, OLE DB ODBC (Microsoft
Query).

. 7.32. Web-

7.6. -
.xltx
.xltx,
6.
7. Excel 275

,
, Excel, , , -
, . 7.13, 7.15. ,
_. -
.xltx
. 7.33.

. 7.33. .xltx
8

Excel

Microsoft Excel
, : -
, , .
. 8.1 ,
, -
.
, ,
, ,
Excel, . 8.2.

8.1.

Micro-
soft Excel , -
, -
.
Excel, , ,
. -
, , -
, - .
-
- .
Excel ,
:
() ;
();
.
8. Excel 277

8.1.1.

, -
,
, , . ,
() (SUM()) ,
, () (CONCATENATE()) -
.
, , -
( ), , (-
, #/ (#N/A)) . -
. , , .
, , .


, -
, . -
., , " -" . 1.3.2).

. -
Microsoft Excel
, , :
(1;2;...)
1- , 1.
, ,
( , () (SUM()) -
).
- , -
(
). ,
(_;;) (DCOUNT())
, : (_;;).
:
;
;
;
;
/ ( );
;
.

1
, , .
278 III. Excel

Excel

Excel -
:
(Financial);
(Statistical);
(Math and Trigonometry);
(Engineering);
( ) (Infor-
mation);
(Logical);
(Database);
(Text);
(Date and Time);
( )
(Lookup and Reference);
( ) (Cube);
(Add-in and Automation);
, (User-defined).



(, , ).


Microsoft Excel.
. -
. , -

.
1. , .
2. 1 ( -
| | ).
3. (. 8.1) -
2 , -
.

1
Excel
(=).
2
,
.
8. Excel 279

. 8.1.

. 8.2. ,



, . , -

.
280 III. Excel

, -

.
4. -
( . 8.2
).
5. -
,
.
6. , OK
.
, , .

8.1.2.

. ,
,
(. 8.3).

. 8.3. ,

: , , -
, , -
, ,
8. Excel 281

, . ,
. , -
. , , -
. .
-
, , , .
, (. 8.4):
() ;
(. . 8.3)
;
()
(), 30.

. 8.4.
282 III. Excel

, ,
, -
, ()
, . . .
(. 8.5) , -
, . .
(),
, .
():
=(; ; _)
; , -
; -
_ , ,
.

. 8.5.
8. Excel 283

E5,
=(__)-($B$5:$B$64;"<1";_)
355 700., . . , -
. (__)
, ,
($B$5:$B$64;"<1";_) $B$5:$B$64 -
_ ($I$11:$I$70)
, $B$5:$B$64
1; , -
.
,
.

8.1.3.
-
, -
, , . ,
:
=((H11>E11;H11=E11);"";" ")
,
, (11-) (. . 8.3) ,
K11.
, H11 , E11,
K11 " ".

. 8.6.
284 III. Excel

( ,
) -
| | . -
(. 8.6),
( H11) -
.
, , (. . 8.6)
, -
; -
(. ., , ), -
(. 8.7).

. 8.7.

( -
), , ,
:
1. , ( -
H11).
2. | | ( -
<Ctrl>+<C>).
3. (
H12:H70), .
4. | | |
.
5. -
(. 8.8) OK.
8. Excel 285



, 9.

. 8.8.

8.1.4.

Excel -
. -
, .
, -
( ),
. ,
, . . -
.
,
, . .
Excel.

( ). () () -
, -
. () () -
.
286 III. Excel

, -
.
1. -
, , -
, . -
__x,
__y. -
( -
), (. .
) . , -
, -
. -
__x. ,
.
. -
(. . 8.5). -
() ().
() , -
, , -
2 . ,
, , -
y = ax + b, a b , -
.
() (. . ) ,
()
, .
() :
=(__y; __; __; )

. __y
, . -
__y , , ,
__x
. __y -
, -
. __ -
, __y.
. __
, () __ -

1
,
(, . .).
2
.
8. Excel 287

__. ,
(1 0).
1, b .
0 y = ax.
, -
, . -
, __.
. 8.9 () -
, -
. 8.5. , F5:F11,
. . , -
, ,
<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<Enter>:
=(D5:D11;E5:E11)

. 8.9.
288 III. Excel

__y E5:E11
(. . ).
__x D5:D11.
, .
() , -
, ,
. ()
, (), :
=(__y; __; __; )

, (. 8.9).

8.1.5.
-
, , ,
.

. 8.10.
8. Excel 289

. 8.10 : , . . , -
, -
, , ,
.
(), -
. ,
, , . -
K5:K15 ,
(. . 8.3).
, L5 _ (. . 8.10):
=(;K5;__)
. . L5 __,
, .
_, -
_, . . , . -
, M5:
=(;K5;_)
,
, M5 =L5-M5.
, ( -
, . . 8.10).

8.1.6.

", ...". -
, -
. ,
. -
.
. Excel
.
.
, (
), .
:
;
", ...";
.
(.
. 8.13). , , -

290 III. Excel

. " ".
( , . .
- ) :
0 "" ,
;
2 "" ,
;
100 "" ,
101 , . . -.
, , -
.
.
. .
-
:
1. T3 .
.


- ,
, ,
, . !$T$3
: _.

2. | | " " | -
. (. 8.11).

. 8.11.
8. Excel 291

3. .
(. 8.12). ,
,
.

. 8.12.

4. ( -
).
5. -
.
6. OK. .
, . OK.
7. 36 .
8. . -
.
9. .
. -
,
( B5:B64 . . 8.5). (C) ,
( ):
=(B5<=_;!I11;0)
-
,
I (. . ). 0.
292 III. Excel

, -
,
:
=(;P5;$C$5:$C$64)/
(;P5;__)
. 8.13 ( -
) .

. 8.13.

,
.
:
1. | | " " | -
.
2. ( -
).
, . -
, .
8. Excel 293

3. -
.

. 8.14.

. 8.15.

. -
:
1. | | " " | -
.
2. .
3. . .
294 III. Excel

4. , .
5. OK.
(. 8.14).
6. OK.
7. ,
.
8. .
, ,
.
Excel -
. Excel -
: | -
| " " | .
Excel -
.
. 8.15.

8.2.
, -
Excel, .
,
, .
.
Microsoft Excel ,

.
-
(_ ),
(. . 8.3).
. 8.16 ,
,
. ,
.
-
( )
, . 8.16 .

: (. . 8.16) (.
. 8.21), .
8. Excel 295

. 8.16.


, ,
.

8.2.1.
| -
| | .
, -
. 8.17.
.
.
.
Excel.
296 III. Excel

:
( )
;
.
, ,
(. . 8.18).

. 8.17.

. -
, ,
MS Access, dBase, MS SQL Server, Oracle Server .
( ) -
OLAP.
Excel (.
. 7.1.4 7.5).
.
-
, -
(. . 8.18). (
) Excel .

-
.

.
8. Excel 297

.
(. . 8.18).
, . 8.18.

. 8.18.

OK.


-
, .


, , -
, -
, .

( )
(. 8.19). , , -
.
298 III. Excel

. 8.19.


,
,
| (. 8.19).

-
, ,
: , , -
. -
. -
:

. - ,
,
, .
, -
. ;
8. Excel 299


. - ,
, , -
-
, .
. -
,
;
.
- , -
, -
. -
, ,
, . -
, .
,
.

:
1. .
(-
), , .
2. .
: -
.
3. . -
.
4. __ _ . -
, ,
, -
__ _.


, , -
(. . 8.21).

, -
,
, Excel -
__ _. ,
,
,
. , . 8.20.
OK.
300 III. Excel

. 8.20. ,

. 8.21.
8. Excel 301


-
, -
.

,
. 8.21.


,
. -
( ) -
. .
1. .
2. | |
|
-
.

. 8.22. ,
302 III. Excel

3.
(. 8.22)
( ).
4. OK .

, . 8.23.

. 8.23.

, -
. -
. 8.1.

8.1.



8. Excel 303

8.1 ()



,
.
, , -
. , ,
, Excel, -
. ,
, .


, .
, -
.

8.2.2.
:
1. ,
.
2. , -
.



.
( ).
.
1. .
2. | | -
| , | ,
(. 8.24).
3. -
, "" , -
304 III. Excel

.
.
4. OK
.

. 8.24.



, .
. , , -
, .

-
.
.
. -
. -
|
, , .
:
, .


: -
, -
. -
, .
8. Excel 305

:
1. ,
.
2. | | -
| ( ),

.
3. (. 8.25)
, . -
.
4. OK.
5. .

. 8.25.

,
. 8.16.

8.2.3.
, -
, .
. Excel -
.


Microsoft Excel 2010 80 -
. ,
306 III. Excel

. ,
.
, ,
, .
. -
,
, -
. , -
(. 8.26). .

. 8.26.


-
(Normal). ,
.
.
8. Excel 307

.
:
1. ,
, G5.
2.
(
). .


.
. " "
.
-
.

3. .
. 8.27.
4.
OK ( , ).

. 8.27.
308 III. Excel

-
.

8.2.4.

, .
:
1.
| | | (
).
2.
(. 8.28).

. 8.28. ,

3.
,
OK.
-
.

.
,
() -
. , , -
8. Excel 309

, -
.
,
, -
. . 8.2.

8.2.

, ,


, ,

, . .

( )

, ,

, ,

, ,

:
() ( ))/(( ) ( ))

8.2.5.

, -
. -
-
, .

(
. . "
" )
.
310 III. Excel

. 8.29. ,

. 8.30.
8. Excel 311

.
,
.
, , .
, . (-
):
1. .
2. .
3.
, .
4. (,
| ),
(. 8.29).
. 8.30.
-
.

8.2.6.
Microsoft Excel -
, . -
, .
.
.
, , ,
, .
-
,
, -
.
. 2.

,
.
, .


, . 8.30, (
) -
. :
1. . -
.
312 III. Excel

2. -
.
3. .
. -

.
OK.
(. 8.31)!

. 8.31. ,

. -
. -
, .



:
1. | | | -
.
8. Excel 313

2. -
( )
(. . 8.17 8.18).
3.
c , -
(. . 8.2.1).
( )
(. 8.32).

. 8.32.

Excel -
, :
: , , -
, (.
. 8.32);
:
(. . 8.32). -
-
,
: () -
() .
314 III. Excel

, -
,
( , ).
-
.
,
.
:
1. (
() ).
2. ' '-' ',
, . " "
.

. 8.33.

3. .

, -
8. Excel 315

(. . "
" )
| | (. .
" " ).
4. . :
, ;
| |
| ;
-
.
(. 8.33).
,
. ,
, - ,
.
9


, , -
. , , ,
, . ,
-
.
, -
. ,
Excel .
,
. -
.

9.1.
Excel :
ActiveX .
, -
| | .
, : -
ActiveX (. . 9.1 9.2).
ActiveX (. 9.1) , -
,
Visual Basic.
ActiveX (, MS
.NET, MS Visual C++, MS Visual Basic . .
).
, -
ActiveX-. Excel -
, ,
.
, , -
9. 317

, (-
, , . 9.1).

. 9.1. ActiveX

,
(. 9.2),
Excel,
.
,
ActiveX1. -
Excel ,
. ,
,
.

1
, , ,
ActiveX, , -
.
318 III. Excel

. 9.2.

, -
.
. ,
. , , -
. , ,
, -
.
.
Visual Basic
.
.
. 9.1 .
.
,
, Visual Basic.
9. 319

9.1.

(Label) -

(Text Box) , ,

(Group Box) ,
.
. ,


(Button
*
Command Button )
(Check Box) ,
,
.
(Option Button)
(
,
).


(List Box) .


(Combo Box),


,
(Scroll Bar)
,
(Spinner
**
Spin Button )
(Image)

(Toggle .
Button) , ,


*
(Form Controls) ActiveX (ActiveX
Controls)
.
**
(Form Controls) ActiveX (Acti-
veX Controls) -
.
320 III. Excel

9.2.
,

.
( Excel -
), :
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. , , -
.
:
.
,
,
.
1,
,
.

9.2.1.

,
:
1.


ActiveX. .
2. , -
, . -
(. 9.3).
3. (
) .
-
:
1.
ActiveX -
.

1
. 10.
9. 321

2. . -
.
3. ,
, .
.
4. , .

. 9.3.


. -
.
.
:
1. .
ActiveX, -
, -
. ,
(. . 9.3).

,
<Ctrl>.
, .
2. . -
, -
. ,
, .


, ,
<Ctrl>+<Shift>.
322 III. Excel

, -
<Shift>.
, <Alt>. -
, .

-
, .
:
1. , .
2. < >, < >, < > < >.
.
:
1. .
2. <Ctrl>, , -
. , -
.


<Alt> <Shift> , -
.

, ,
.
, , -
, . .
, , , -
.

9.2.2.

, , . -

(. 9.4). , -
,
.


-
,
.


-
.
9. 323

. 9.4.

( )

1 ,
, .
. 9.4 ,
,
, , -
. -
. -
, -
( , ,
, -
).
(. 9.5)
, -
,
2. , .

1
ActiveX.
2
| | | .
324 III. Excel

. 9.5.

. 9.6.
9. 325

(. 9.6)
, .
, -
.
, -
.


, -
, , -
.

,
-
.

-
.
(. 9.7) ,
Web-.
, -
Web-.

. 9.7.
326 III. Excel

,
.


(Check Box)
: , . -
. -
,
.
. ,
.

: .
(. 9.8) -
Excel. ,
, .

. 9.8.

(. 9.9) -
,
.
. . ,
9. 327


. ""
.

. 9.9.


(Option Button)
. -
.
, .

. , -

( . . 9.2).
.
, .
.
-
. -
328 III. Excel


.
,
. ,
, . -
.


(List Box) (Combo Box)
. -
, .
.

. 9.10. -
, .
.

. 9.10.

, -
.
9. 329


(
):
-
;

, ;
,
Windows.
,
.


(Scroll Bar) (Spinner)
. -

. . -
, , -
.

. 9.11.

330 III. Excel


. 9.11.
,
.
-
, .
. -
,
.
, -
.
.


(Button) -
, ,
. ,

(. 9.12),
.

. 9.12.


, : , . -
.
9. 331

.
(, ).
(. 9.13) -
( -
). -
, ,
. ,
.

. 9.13.


. ,
. , -
, ,
, , , , .

9.2.3. ActiveX
ActiveX (
) , ,
, Properties ().
332 III. Excel

-
: , , ,
.
Properties () ActiveX
(. 9.14) :
1. , -
| .
2. | | .
Properties () -
ActiveX (. . 9.14)
,
.
ActiveX (Command Button) -
. 9.14.

. 9.14. Properties ActiveX

-
ActiveX.
9. 333

.
. -
,
, . 9.14 9.15
(Command Button), CommandButton1.
Alphabetic ( ) -
, , ,
. . .

. 9.15. Categorized
Properties

Categorized ( )
(. 9.15). , ,
.
-
ActiveX. , -
1 ,
.

1
Excel (. . 9.1).
334 III. Excel

9.3.


Excel,
.
-
, -
. ,
-
. ,
, -
.
, , -
, ; -
, ,
.

9.3.1.

-
. , -
, . -
/ .
/ ,
, . 9.2.

9.2.

. ,

, ""
(
-
. . 9.11). ActiveX "".
9. 335

, -
, , -
. , -
, .
, , -
, , -
.
, , , -
,
. -
, .
, -
-
, | | | |
1.
,
, , -
.

9.3.2.
-
. -
, (Scroll Bar) (Spinner),

. , -
, 0 100,
1,
100 .
, .
, -
.
. :
1. | .
2. .
3.
.
, , <F9>.

1
, | | |
| .
336 III. Excel

9.3.3.

, -
. .
:
1. .
2. .
.
3. .
4. ,
, , ,
.


,
.

9.4.

-
, 8 (. . 8.13). -
,
_. , -
.
(. 9.16).
( )
.

.
(. 9.17).

.
-, , -
. ,
( ) 0 99.
9. 337

-, , .
$T$3 (_).

. 9.16.


,
,
, -
.

, , -
, (
),
.
, -
:
, -
, .
338 III. Excel

. 9.17.
10


Visual Basic
-
Visual Basic (Visual Basic for Applications, VBA),
. -
, "" Excel,
. VBA .


Visual Basic for Applications - ,
.
( VBA),
.
( -
), -
VBA.
Excel " " (public proce-
1
dure) .

:
VBA;
VBA Excel;
VBA;
VBA.

1
( ) .
, "" ,
. -,
( Excel -
VBA), -, ( ) (. .
), .
, | |
<Alt>+<F8>.
340 III. Excel

10.1.
?
VBA.
VBA ,
- , (),
( VBA)
, Excel -
, VBA
.
VBA -
,
.
Microsoft Office -
Excel . VBA
, -
.
, ,
, VBA , -
Microsoft Office, -
.
, -
, . 10.1.

. 10.1. ,
10. Visual Basic 341


, , -
, ( ,
, , ). ,
( ) () -
.
( , -
). , -
.
Excel 2002, ,
(. . 10.3). -
,
.

10.2.

:
;
;
VBA.

10.2.1.
. , -
, , , -
., , .
, . 10.1, -
:
1. .
:
| | |

;
;
, .


Excel ,
(. . ),
, , (),
.
342 III. Excel

2. A3:E6, | | -
|
. . 10.2 (
).
3. | | | , -

(. 10.3), , "1"
(. 10.4). ,
A3:E6, .

. 10.2.


-
(. . ) (-
). -
, (
), , .

|
| -
, _ (
10. Visual Basic 343

-
,
. 10.5). OK !

. 10.3. . 10.4.

. 10.5.


, ,
" " (
_).
344 III. Excel


,
1
Excel (. 10.6) .

. 10.6.

10.2.2.
.
( , ). -
, , .


VBA,
.

1
, , , -
, | .
,

.
10. Visual Basic 345

( , . . ):
1. | | | ,
, .
2. ( ) - 7, E7.
3. | | | .
4. F6 ( =D6-E6) F7 (
=D7-E7).
5. (. . -
) <Esc>.
6. | | | ,
, .
7.
| | .
, -
. 10.7.

. 10.7.

( !).
| | , -
346 III. Excel


(. 10.8).

. 10.8. ,

,
, :
(
7- );
(. .
).
, -
VBA .

10.3.

VBA. . 10.8 -
.
(. 10.9).
VBA
<Alt>+<F11>.
-
Visual Basic , -
10. Visual Basic 347

VBA, -
, .

. 10.9. VBA _

, .
VBA , . . -
(), VBA,
(. . 10.9) -
.
( -
).
Excel :
Application ("" Excel), Workbook (" -
"), Worksheet (" ") Range (" ").
, ,
, , -
.
-
VBA Str(), Mid(), Trim().
, -
VBA.
_, -
Excel (. . 10.9).
Sub ( . subroutine
), End Sub.
.
348 III. Excel

, , ('), -
,
.
ActiveSheet.Unprotect, -
, .
ActiveSheet Worksheet (" "),
Unprotect , .
, "" .
Range("E7"), , -
E7, Select, . .
E7 ( ).
, Selection.EntireRow.Insert -
(. . E7) () .
, F6 (-
Range("F6").Select), ( =D6-E6)
(Selection.Copy) F7 (
Range("F7").Select ActiveSheet.Paste).
(Application.CutCopyMode = False)
, , CutCopyMode Application
False ("") <Esc>
.
, :
ActiveSheet.Protect DrawingObjects:=True, Contents:=True, Scenarios:=True
, ( -
). , -
(DrawingObjects), (Contents) -
(Scenarios).
. Visual
Basic 1, Protect Password ("")
( 1) :
ActiveSheet.Protect Password := "1"
, -
() , VBA
.
Unprotect ( -
):
ActiveSheet.Unprotect("1")
, , -
("1") ("Ex35_1.xls"),

1
Protect, Protect
Visual Basic <F1>.
10. Visual Basic 349

,
:
Workbooks("Ex35_1.xls").Worksheets("1").Activate
(E7, F6, F7) , -
.
, -
, Range -
, .

( )1:
Sub _() '1
Workbooks("ExA1.xls").Worksheets("1").Activate '2
For i = 1 To 10000 '3
If Mid(Range("E" & Trim(Str(i))).Formula, 1, 1) = "=" Then '4
Exit For '5
End If '6
Next '7
ActiveSheet.Unprotect("1") '8
Range("E" & Trim(Str(i - 1))).Select '9
Selection.EntireRow.Insert '10
Range("F" & Trim(Str(i - 2))).Select '11
Selection.Copy '12
Range("F" & Trim(Str(i - 1))).Select '13
ActiveSheet.Paste '14
Application.CutCopyMode = False '15
ActiveSheet.Protect Password := "1", DrawingObjects:=True, _
Contents:=True, Scenarios:=True '17
End Sub '18
37
E (
, ,
=):
For i = 1 To 10000 '3
If Mid(Range("E" & Trim(Str(i))).Formula, 1, 1) = "=" Then '4
Exit For '5
End If '6
Next '7

1
16- VBA
( 17-) . , -
, . . .
350 III. Excel

, ,
. Trim(Str(i)) i -
(, Str(i), Trim()
) , i=1 "1", i=2 -
"2" . . , -
E1 1, E2 . . , Formula Range -
( ),
, . -
2 = (
ExitFor) i
, .


, . , -
. -
, 1- 10 000-. ,
(, ,
1000 ), , , .
, E
( E ). , -
-
,
(. 2). , , -
:
ActiveSheet.Cells.SpecialCells(xlCellTypeLastCell).Activate
For i = 1 To ActiveCell.Row
. .

, 9-, 11- 13- i -


E F.
, -
(. . 10.7), ()
, Excel
. ., .


Range ("") -
Cells (""), :
Range("E" & Trim(Str(I - 1))).Select
Cells(i - 1, 5).Select,
Range("F" & Trim(Str(I - 2))).Select
Cells(i - 2, 6).Select . .

1
4, & , "E"&"1" "E1" . .
2
Mid(S,N,L) S L , N-.
10. Visual Basic 351

VBA Excel
Microsoft Excel.
DrawD2
( Demo2, "" ).
DrawD2(NStr, NCol) -
, (Worksheets(2)),
252 (21 12) , -
NStr NCol (. 10.10).

. 10.10. DrawD2(NStr,NCol) NStr=NCol=2

Public Sub DrawD2(ByVal NStr As Integer, ByVal NCol As Integer)


' Dolzhenkov V.A. 2004-2010
Dim sR1 As String, sR2 As String, cOb As ChartObject
If NStr > 0 Then
Worksheets(2).Activate
If Worksheets(2).ChartObjects.Count > 0 Then
Set cOb = Nothing
Set cOb = Worksheets(2).ChartObjects(1)
End If
On Error GoTo Err_Chart
cOb.Chart.ChartWizard Source:=ActiveSheet.Range(Cells(NStr,NCol), _
352 III. Excel

Cells(NStr + 20, NCol + 11)), _


Gallery:=xl3DSurface, PlotBy:=xlColumns, HasLegend:=False
cOb.Chart.HasTitle = False: cOb.Chart.HasAxis(xlPrimary) = True
For i = 1 To 3
If cOb.Chart.Axes(i, xlPrimary).TickLabels.Font.Size > 10 Then
cOb.Chart.Axes(i, xlPrimary).TickLabels.Font.Size = 10
End If
Next
cOb.Left= Worksheets(2).Columns(ActiveWindow.ScrollColumn+10).Left
cOb.Top= Worksheets(2).Rows(ActiveWindow.ScrollRow+10).Top
End If
Exit Sub
Err_Chart:
If MsgBox("I'm afraid, you should close Demo)", vbOKCancel)=vbOK Then
ActiveWorkbook.Close
End If
End Sub

Public Sub Demo2()


NStr = 2
For i = 2 To 100
Worksheets(2).Activate
NStr = i Mod 50 + 2
NCol = i Mod 50 + 2
DrawD2 NStr, NCol
Next
End Sub
DrawD2
cOb.Chart.ChartWizard Source:=ActiveSheet.Range(Cells(NStr,NCol), _
Cells(NStr + 20, NCol + 11)), _
Gallery:=xl3DSurface, PlotBy:=xlColumns, HasLegend:=False
Chart ("") ChartWizard,
:
252 (21 12) ,

NStr NCol;
xl3DSurface;
(PlotBy:=xlColumns);
(HasLegend:=False).
Demo2 -
99 Worksheets(2).

1

Excel
-
Microsoft
Excel.

. 1.1. : Excel
356

Excel -
. ,
.


Excel -
.

, Excel -
, -
, .


, , , -
, .

. 1.2. : Excel
1. Excel 357

. 1.3. Excel

. 1.4.
358

Excel, : Microsoft Excel.


,
, <F1>.
(. 1.1).
-
.
, .
(
) (. 1.2).
- Excel
,
, ,
(. 1.3).

. 1.5. ,
1. Excel 359

Excel
. , -
, (.
. 1.21). ,
Excel, Office.com, -
.
, ,
(. 1.4).
-
(. 1.5).
2

<F1> : Microsoft Excel

<Ctrl>+<F1> /

<Alt>+<F1>

<Alt>+<Shift>+<F1> | | |

<F2>

<Shift>+<F2> | |

<Alt>+<F2> |

<Alt>+<Shift>+<F2> |

<Alt>+<Ctrl>+<F2> |

<Alt>+<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<F2> |

<F3> | |
|

<Shift>+<F3> | |

<Ctrl>+<F3> | |

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<F3> | |

<F4>

<Shift>+<F4> | | |
( )

<Ctrl>+<F4> |
2. 361

()

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<F4> | | |
( )

<Alt>+<F4> |

<F5> | | |

<Shift>+<F5> | | |

<Ctrl>+<F5> ( )

<F6> ()

<Shift>+<F6> ()

<Ctrl>+<F6> ()

<Ctrl>+<Shift>+<F6> ()

<F7> | |

<Ctrl>+<F7> ( )

<F8> /

<Shift>+<F8> /

<Ctrl>+<F8> ( )

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<Shift>+<F9> | |

<Ctrl>+<F9> ( )

<F10>

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. .
362

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FTP 112
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152
152 XML 154
151 attributes 155
152 comment 155
149 element 155
148
namespace 157, 158
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prolog 155
root element 155
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XML Schema Definition Language 157
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XML 162
155
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16, 19 HTML 137
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16 FTP 136
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