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Pelagio, Maria Mikaela Verga Reflection Paper: Seminar

5th/CH52FC1 September 11, 2017

DesignENG: Preparing Young Engineers in Building the Future

Last Friday, September 8, we attended the seminar organized by the Practicum Class. The
seminar was all about designing boiler. Our guest speaker, Engr. Christian Angelo Mapa, from
UST, first discussed about the boiler and its mechanism. I learned that a boiler is a
closed vessel in which water or other fluid is heated. The fluid does not necessarily boil. (In
North America, the term "furnace" is normally used if the purpose is not to boil the fluid.)
The heated or vaporized fluid exits the boiler for use in various processes or heating
applications, including water heating, central heating, boiler-based power
generation, cooking, and sanitation.

He also discussed about the different accessories of boiler. Like Pressuretrols to control the
steam pressure in the boiler. Boilers generally have 2 or 3 pressuretrols: a manual-reset
pressuretrol, which functions as a safety by setting the upper limit of steam pressure, the
operating pressuretrol, which controls when the boiler fires to maintain pressure, and for
boilers equipped with a modulating burner, a modulating pressuretrol which controls the
amount of fire. Safety valve: It is used to relieve pressure and prevent possible explosion of
a boiler. Bottom blowdown valves: They provide a means for removing solid particulates
that condense and lie on the bottom of a boiler. As the name implies, this valve is usually
located directly on the bottom of the boiler, and is occasionally opened to use the pressure
in the boiler to push these particulates out.

The seminar is also about enhancing our problem-solving skills in real life situations in
production plants. He gave us a problem that he encountered when he was in the field then
challenged us to solve the problem.

The seminar is really helpful especially to us, Plant Design students. It is very informative,
and it will help us not only for our capstone design, but also in the future when we decided
to work in a plant.