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7. (a) Diagram 7.1 shows the structural formula of compound T


Rajah 7.1 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi sebatian T.

H H H

H C C C H

H H H
Diagram 7.1
Rajah 7.1

Compound T burns completely in excess oxygen to produce gas X and water


Name compound T and gas X. Write a balanced chemical equation for the complete
combustion reaction of compound T.

Sebatian T terbakar lengkap dalam oksigen berlebihan menghasilkan gas X dan air.
Namakan sebatian T dan gas X. Tuliskan persamaan kimia lengkap bagi
pembakaran lengkap sebatian T.

[4 marks]

(b) The following information is about an organic compound R.


Maklumat berikut adalah mengenai suatu sebatian organik R.

Carbon : 85.71 %
Karbon
Hydrogen : 14.29 %
Hidrogen
Relative molecular mass : 56
Jisim molekul relatif
Relative atomic mass of : H,1 ; C,12
Jisim atom relatif

Based on the information above


Berdasarkan maklumat di atas
(i) Determine the molecular formula
Tentukan formula molekul
[6 marks]

(ii) State the name of compound R


Nyatakan nama sebatian R.
[1 mark]

(iii) State the name of the homologous series for R and explain your answer.
Nyatakan nama siri homolog bagi R dan terangkan jawapan anda.
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[2 marks]

(c) Diagram 7.2 shows the conversion of organic compound Y with the formula of
C2H5OH to compound Z.
Rajah 7.2 menunjukkan pertukaran sebatian organik Y kepada sebatian Z yang
mempunyai formula C2H5OH

Dehydration Polymerisation
Pendehidratan Pempolimeran
Compound Y
Compound Z Polymer Z
Sebatian Y
Sebatian Z Polymer Z
C2H5OH Reaction II
Reaction I
Tindakbalas I Tindakbalas II

Diagram 7.2
Rajah 7.2

(i) Draw a labelled diagram how reaction I can be carried out in the laboratory.
Lukis gambar rajah berlabel bagaimana tindak balas I boleh dijalankan di
dalam makmal.
[2 marks]
(ii) State the reagent used in reaction I and write the chemical equation for the
reaction
Nyatakan reagen yang digunakan dalam tindak balas 1 dan tuliskan
persamaan kimia untuk tindak balas itu.
[3 marks]
(iii) Write the polymerisation equation for reaction II.
Tuliskan persamaan pempolimerran bagi tindak balas II.
[2 marks]
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8 Table 8 shows the proton number of atoms of elements P, Q, R and S.


Jadual 8 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur-unsur P, Q, R dan S.

Element Proton Number


Unsur Nombor proton

P 1

Q 3

R 8

S 6
Table 8
Jadual 8

(a) State the arrangement of element Q, R and S in the order of increasing atomic
radius.
Explain your answer.
Nyatakan susunan bagi unsur Q, R dan S mengikut jejari atom menaik.
Terangkan jawapan anda.
[4 marks]

(b) The reaction between elements Q and R form a compound.


Tindak balas antara unsur unsur Q dan R membentuk suatu sebatian.

(i) Explain the formation of this compound.


Terangkan pembentukan sebatian ini.
[6 marks]

(ii) 0.35 g of metal Q reacts completely in excess gas R to form a compound stated
in (b)(i).
Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction and calculate the mass of
the product formed.
[Relative Atomic Mass: Q = 7; R = 16]
0.35 g logam Q bertindak balas lengkap dalam gas R berlebihan membentuk
sebatian yang dinyatakan dalam (b)(i).
Tulis persamaan kimia seimbang bagi tindak balas ini dan hitungkan jisim hasil
yang terbentuk.
[Jisim Atom Relatif: Q = 7; R = 16]
[5 marks]

(c) The reaction between elements P and S form another chemical compound.
Tindak balas antara unsur unsur P dan S membentuk sebatian kimia lain.

(i) Draw the electron arrangement of the compound formed.


Lukiskan susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk.
[2 marks]

(ii) Compound formed in (c)(i) is the primary component of natural gas, a common
fuel source. It can cause serious global warming when it leaks into the air
before being used. Explain your answer.
Sebatian yang terbentuk dalam (c) (i) adalah komponen utama gas asli, iaitu
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sumber bahan api yang biasa. Ia boleh menyebabkan pemanasan global yang
serius apabila ia terlepas ke udara sebelum digunakan. Terangkan jawapan
anda.
[3 marks]