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RC DEEP BEAM DESIGN

In accordance with BS8110-1:1997 incorporating Amendment Nos. 1, 2 and 3.


Tedds calculation version 1.0.00

Beam details
Height of beam; h = 10920 mm
Width of beam; b = 300 mm
Width of support A; cA = 500 mm
Clear span of span s1; l0_s1 = 5000 mm
Width of support B; cB = 2000 mm
Effective width of support A; cAs1,eff = min(cA / 2, 0.1 l0_s1) = 250 mm
Effective width of support B; cBs1,eff = min(cB / 2, 0.1 l0_s1) = 500 mm
Effective span to span 1; Ls1 = l0_s1 + cAs1,eff + cBs1,eff = 5750 mm
Active height to span 1; has1 = min(Ls1, h) = 5750 mm
Concrete details
Characteristic compressive cube strength; fcu = 30 N/mm2
Density of concrete; = 2400 kg/m3
Maximum size of aggregate; hagg = 20 mm
Reinforcement details
Characteristic yield strength of reinforcement; fy = 410 N/mm2
Characteristic yield strength shear reinforcement; fyv = 410 N/mm2
Partial factor for reinforcing steel; s = 1.15
Cover details
Nominal cover to bottom of beam; cnom_b = 35 mm
Nominal cover to top of beam; cnom_t = 35 mm
Nominal cover to side of beam; cnom_s = 35 mm
Slenderness - BS8110-1 cl.3.8.1.3
Restriant condition; Braced
Max clear height between floors; lo = 3240 mm
Effective height factor; = 1.00
Effective height; le = lo = 3240 mm
Effective height / beam width ratio; le / b = 10.8
Beam/panel is defined as short - height / width ratio < 15

Loads applied at or below 0.75 effective height of span are defined as bottom loads, else top
loads.
Self weight (bottom load); wself = b h gacc = 77.1 kN/m
UDL at 0 mm above soffit from 0 mm to 7500 mm along beam length.
Dead loading; wG1 = 57.6 kN/m
Imposed loading; wQ1 = 44.0 kN/m
Bottom load - Span 1
wbot,G1_s1 = 57.6 kN/m; wbot,Q1_s1 = 44.0 kN/m; Law1_s1 = 250 mm; Lbw1_s1 = 5250 mm
UDL at 3240 mm above soffit from 0 mm to 7500 mm along beam length.
Dead loading; wG2 = 57.6 kN/m
Imposed loading; wQ2 = 44.0 kN/m
Bottom load - Span 1
wbot,G2_s1 = 57.6 kN/m; wbot,Q2_s1 = 44.0 kN/m; Law2_s1 = 250 mm; Lbw2_s1 = 5250 mm
UDL at 6780 mm above soffit from 0 mm to 7500 mm along beam length.
Dead loading; wG3 = 57.6 kN/m
Imposed loading; wQ3 = 44.0 kN/m
Top load - Span 1.
wtop,G3_s1 = 57.6 kN/m; wtop,Q3_s1 = 44.0 kN/m; Law3_s1 = 250 mm; Lbw3_s1 = 5250 mm
UDL at 10920 mm above soffit from 0 mm to 7500 mm along beam length.
Dead loading; wG4 = 57.6 kN/m
Imposed loading; wQ4 = 44.0 kN/m
Top load - Span 1.
wtop,G4_s1 = 57.6 kN/m; wtop,Q4_s1 = 44.0 kN/m; Law4_s1 = 250 mm; Lbw4_s1 = 5250 mm
Span point load at 10920 mm above soffit, 4500 mm from LH edge of beam.
Dead loading; pG1 = 475.0 kN
Imposed loading; pQ1 = 0.0 kN
Top load 100 %.
Ptop,G1_s1 = 475.0 kN; Ptop,Q1_s1 = 0.0 kN; LaP1_s1 = 4250 mm
Support point load at 10920 mm above soffit, 6500 mm from LH edge of beam.
Dead loading; pG2 = 475.0 kN
Imposed loading; pQ2 = 0.0 kN
Top load 100 %.
Qtop,G2_B = 475.0 kN; Qtop,Q2_B = 0.0 kN; LaP2_B = 6250 mm
Support loading
Ultimate top load to support B; QB_t = Qtop,G2_B 1.4 + Qtop,Q2_B 1.6 = 665.0 kN
Ultimate bottom load to support B; QB_b = Qbot,G2_B 1.4 + Qbot,Q2_B 1.6 = 0.0 kN

Shear force - Top loads


kN
961.5
961.5
961.513

0.0
-246.8

-1213.887
-1213.9-1213.9
mm 5750
A 1 B
Shear force - Bottom loads
kN
1098.4
1098.378

0.0

-1032.708
-1032.7
mm 5750
A 1 B

Additional shear due to support loading


Add top shear due to support B load span 1; VB_s1_t_add = QB_t (has1 - cB) / (has1) = 433.7 kN
Add bottom shear due to support B load span 1; VB_s1_b_add = 0kN = 0.0 kN
Crack control
Minimum steel percentage (table 1); As,min,p = 0.52N/mm2 (fcu / 1N/mm2) / (fy / s) =
0.80 %
Minimum steel in tension zone due to cracking; As,min = As,min,p b = 2397 mm2/m
UDL the min steel will support; was,min = As,min (fy / s) = 854.447 kN/m
Allowable design shear stress; vu = min(0.8 N/mm2 (fcu / 1 N/mm2), 5 N/mm2) =
4.4 N/mm2
Main reinforcement - Span 1
Design bending moment; M = abs(Ms1) = 3413.3 kNm
Lever arm; z = 0.2 Ls1 + 0.4 has1 = 3450 mm
Area of main reinforcement required; As,req = M / (z fy / s) = 2775 mm2
Reinforcement distributed over depth (2.4.1); dAs = 0.2 has1 = 1150 mm
Equivalent main reinforcement required; As,req_eq = As,req / dAs = 2413 mm2/m
Reinforcement provided; 2 16 bars at 125 mm vertical spacing
Equivalent main reinforcement provided; As,prov_eq = 3217 mm2/m
PASS - Area of reinforcement provided exceeds minimum area required
Shear reinforcement Span 1
Min area of vert steel due to bottom UDL; Asv_s1 = ((wbot,G1_s1 + wbot,G2_s1) 1.4 + (wbot,Q1_s1 +
wbot,Q2_s1) 1.6) / (fy / s) = 847 mm2 / m
Shear reinforcement top loaded beam - Support A span s1
Shear at support A due to PL 1; VrP1_A = (Ptop,G1_s1 1.4 + Ptop,Q1_s1 1.6) (1 -
LaP1_s1 / Ls1) = 173.5 kN
Shear span due to PL 1; xeP1_A = LaP1_s1 - cAs1,eff = 4000 mm
Shear at support A due to UDL 3; Vrw3_A = max((wtop,G3_s1 1.4 + wtop,Q3_s1 1.6)
(Lbw3_s1 - Law3_s1) (Ls1 / 2 - Law3_s1) / (Lbw3_s1 -
Law3_s1), 0kN) = 396.5 kN
Shear span due to UDL 3; xew3_A = (Ls1 / 2 - Law3_s1) / 2 + Law3_s1 = 1563 mm
Shear at support A due to UDL 4; Vrw4_A = max((wtop,G4_s1 1.4 + wtop,Q4_s1 1.6)
(Lbw4_s1 - Law4_s1) (Ls1 / 2 - Law4_s1) / (Lbw4_s1 -
Law4_s1), 0kN) = 396.5 kN
Shear span due to UDL 4; xew4_A = (Ls1 / 2 - Law4_s1) / 2 + Law4_s1 = 1563 mm
Average shear span; xe = (VrP1_A xeP1_A + Vrw3_A xew3_A + Vrw4_A
xew4_A) / (VrP1_A + Vrw3_A + Vrw4_A) = 2000 mm
Shear span to beam height ratio; w = xe / has1 = 0.35
Concrete shear stress parameter (Table 4); vx = 4.81 N/mm2
Max shear stress parameter (Table 5); vmax = 7.12 N/mm2
Tension reinforcement ratio; ms = 100 As,prov_eq dAs 0.9 has1 / (b has12) =
0.193
Shear stress due to tension reinf. (Table 6); vms = 0.350 N/mm2
Horizontal web reinforcement ratio; wh = 100 Asv_H,prov / b = 1.072
Shear stress due to horizontal web reinf. (Table 7); vwh = 0.866 N/mm2
Vertical web reinforcement ratio; wv = 100 Asv_V,prov / b = 1.072
Shear stress due to vertical web reinf. (Table 8); vwv = 0.040 N/mm2
Factor for normal weight aggregate; 1 = 0.44
Top load shear capacity; Vct = b has1 min((1 vx + vms + vwh + vwv), 1
vmax) = 5404.1 kN
Applied shear force; Vt = abs(VA_s1_t) = 961.5 kN
Vt / Vct = 0.178
PASS - Top loaded shear capacity exceeds applied shear force
Shear reinforcement bottom loaded beam - Support A span s1
Vertical reinforcement; 16 bars at 125 mm spacing
Provided area of vertical reinforcement; Asv_V,prov = 3217 mm2/m
Horizontal reinforcement; 16 bars at 125 mm spacing
Provided area of horizontal reinforcement; Asv_H,prov = 3217 mm2/m
Appled shear force; Vb = abs(VA_s1_b) = 1098.4 kN
Limiting shear of bottom loaded beam; Vcb,lim = 0.75 b has1 vu = 5668.9 kN
Vb < Vcb,lim / 3 - use orthagonal steel
Max shear web steel will support; Vc = (Asv_V,prov fy / s) l0_s1 (l0_s1 / 2 + cBs1,eff) /
Ls1 = 2992.0 kN
Bottom load shear capacity left of support; Vcb = min(Vcb,lim, Vc) = 2992.0kN
Vb / Vcb = 0.367
PASS - Bottom loaded shear capacity exceeds applied shear force
Check for combined loading
Interaction equation; Vt / Vct + Vb / Vcb = 0.545
PASS - Interaction for combined loading satisfied
Shear reinforcement top loaded beam - Support B span s1
Shear at support B due to PL 1; VrP1_B = (Ptop,G1_s1 1.4 + Ptop,Q1_s1 1.6) LaP1_s1 /
Ls1 = 491.5 kN
Shear span due to PL 1; xeP1_B = l0_s1 - (LaP1_s1 - cAs1,eff) = 1000 mm
Shear at support B due to UDL 3; Vrw3_B = max((wtop,G3_s1 1.4 + wtop,Q3_s1 1.6)
(Lbw3_s1 - Law3_s1) (1 - (Ls1 / 2 - Law3_s1) / (Lbw3_s1 -
Law3_s1)), 0kN) = 358.7 kN
Shear span due to UDL 3; xew3_B = (Lbw3_s1 - Ls1 / 2) / 2 + (Ls1 - Lbw3_s1) = 1688
mm
Shear at support B due to UDL 4; Vrw4_B = max((wtop,G4_s1 1.4 + wtop,Q4_s1 1.6)
(Lbw4_s1 - Law4_s1) (1 - (Ls1 / 2 - Law4_s1) / (Lbw4_s1 -
Law4_s1)), 0kN) = 358.7 kN
Shear span due to UDL 4; xew4_B = (Lbw4_s1 - Ls1 / 2) / 2 + (Ls1 - Lbw4_s1) = 1688
mm
Average shear span; xe = (VrP1_B xeP1_B + Vrw3_B xew3_B + Vrw4_B
xew4_B) / (VrP1_B + Vrw3_B + Vrw4_B) = 1408 mm
Shear span to beam height ratio; w = xe / has1 = 0.24
Concrete shear stress parameter (Table 4); vx = 5.00 N/mm2
Max shear stress parameter (Table 5); vmax = 7.12 N/mm2
Tension reinforcement ratio; ms = 100 As,prov_eq dAs 0.9 has1 / (b has12) =
0.193
Shear stress due to tension reinf. (Table 6); vms = 0.371 N/mm2
Horizontal web reinforcement ratio; wh = 100 Asv_H,prov / b = 1.072
Shear stress due to horizontal web reinf. (Table 7); vwh = 0.918 N/mm2
Vertical web reinforcement ratio; wv = 100 Asv_V,prov / b = 1.072
Shear stress due to vertical web reinf. (Table 8); vwv = 0.019 N/mm2
Factor for normal weight aggregate; 1 = 0.44
Top load shear capacity; Vct = b has1 min((1 vx + vms + vwh + vwv), 1
vmax) = 5404.1 kN
Applied shear force; Vt = abs(VB_s1_t) + VB_s1_t_add = 1647.6 kN
Vt / Vct = 0.305
PASS - Top loaded shear capacity exceeds applied shear force
Shear reinforcement bottom loaded beam - Support B span s1
Vertical reinforcement; 16 bars at 125 mm spacing
Provided area of vertical reinforcement; Asv_V,prov = 3217 mm2/m
Horizontal reinforcement; 16 bars at 125 mm spacing
Provided area of horizontal reinforcement; Asv_H,prov = 3217 mm2/m
Appled shear force; Vb = abs(VB_s1_b) = 1032.7 kN
Limiting shear of bottom loaded beam; Vcb,lim = 0.75 b has1 vu = 5668.9 kN
Vb < Vcb,lim / 3 - use orthagonal steel
Max shear web steel will support; Vc = (Asv_V,prov fy / s) l0_s1 (l0_s1 / 2 + cAs1,eff) /
Ls1 = 2742.7 kN
Bottom load shear capacity left of support; Vcb = min(Vcb,lim, Vc) = 2742.7kN
Vb / Vcb = 0.377
PASS - Bottom loaded shear capacity exceeds applied shear force
Check for combined loading
Interaction equation; Vt / Vct + Vb / Vcb = 0.681
PASS - Interaction for combined loading satisfied
Nominal web steel
Minimum percentage of horizontal steel; h = 0.25 %
Nominal horizontal steel; As,webH = b h = 750 mm2/m
Minimum percentage of vertical steel; v = 0.40 %
Nominal vertical steel; As,webV = b v = 1200 mm2/m
Main reinforcement
Span 1 - 16 bars at 125 mm vertical spacing each face distributed over 1150 mm from the bottom face
Vertical reinforcement to span due to bottom loads
Span 1 - 16 vertical bars at 125 mm spacing each face distributed over entire span
Vertical and horizontal reinforcement in support regions
Support A span 1 - 16 vertical bars at 125 mm spacing each face distributed over a length of 2300 mm
(0.4ha) from the face of support and 16 horizontal bars at 125 mm spacing each face distributed over a
height of 2875 mm (0.5ha) from the beam soffit
Support B span 1 - 16 vertical bars at 125 mm spacing each face distributed over a length of 2300 mm
(0.4ha) from the face of support and 16 horizontal bars at 125 mm spacing each face distributed over a
height of 2875 mm (0.5ha) from the beam soffit