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ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

This seminar work is the product of hard work and experience and it goes a long way in
shaping a person in her respective profession. If words can be considered as token of
acknowledgement and symbols of love, then these words play a vital role in expressing
my gratitude. First of all, Im thankful to God Almighty for his choicest blessings
for the successful completion of my seminar.

I would like to express my gratitude to the Management, ILM College of Engineering


And Technology, Perumbavoor for their whole hearted support and for providing with a
greater infrastructure necessary for the completion of my seminar.

I also like to express my sincere thanks to Prof.Dr. Giridas K.L. (Principal, ILM CET)
for his kind support throughout the completion of this venture.

I would also like to extend my heartfelt thanks to Mrs. T. V Alice (Head of Department,
Civil Department) for her continued support and encouragement.

With a greater respect, I express my sincere thanks to my seminar guide Mrs Anitha.M.
Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, ILM CET, for all the proper
guidance and encouragement that helped me to complete this seminar.

I express my sincere gratitude to my seminar coordinator Ms.Ahana.K.Reji, Assistant


Professor, Department of Civil Engineering, ILM CET, for her valuable guidance and
support.

Last but not the least; Im grateful to all my friends and parents for their valuable
motivation and support.

SHAHNAS ASHRAF

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ABSTRACT

Magnetic water technology is a recent development used to increase the compressive


strength of concrete. Also this technology is used to produce structures in harmony with
the concept of sustainable development through the use of high-performance materials
with low environmental impact and at a reasonable cost. In this technology, by passing
water through a magnetic field, some of its physical properties change which causes a
decrease in the water surface tension. Using magnetized water in concrete mixtures causes
an improvement in the workability and compressive strength of concrete. Also, this
processed water causes a reduction in the cement content required for the specified
compressive strength value. A comparison between concrete made up of either
magnetized water or tap water is presented. Various studies shows that, using magnetized
water in producing concrete mixes can result in up to 20 % increase for the values of
compressive strength as well as better concrete workability can be obtained. This increase
is due to the fact that magnetic water molecule can easily penetrate into the cement
particles, allowing a more complete hydration process to occur and enhancing the
mechanical strength of concrete. It is also found that magnetically treated water improved
the fluidity of mortar, the slump, and the degree of hydration of concrete.

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CONTENTS

CHAPTER NO TITLE PAGE NO

ACKNOWLEGEMENT iii

ABSTRACT iv

CONTENTS v

LIST OF FIGURES vii

LIST OF TABLES viii

1 INTRODUCTION 1

2 MAGNETIZED WATER 2

2.1 Methodology of Generation of 3


Magnetized Water

2.2 Molecular Structure of Magnetized 3


Water

2.3 Properties of Magnetized Water 5

2.4 Characteristics of Magnetized Water 8

2.5 Advantages of Magnetized Concrete 9

2.6 Disadvantages of Magnetized 10


Concrete

3 EFFECTS OF MAGNETIZED 11
WATER ON CONCRETE

3.1 Effect on Fresh Concrete Properties 11

3.1.1 Slump value 11

3.1.2 Compaction factor 14

3.2 Effect on Hardened Properties of 15


Concrete

3.2.1 Compressive strength 15

3.2.2 Splitting tensile strength 17

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3.2.3 Flexural strength 18

4 CONCLUSION 19

REFERENCES 20

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LIST OF FIGURES

FIGURE NO. TITLE PAGE NO.


2.1 Mechanism of magnetic 2
water
2.2 Magnetic field generator 3
2.3 Structural groups of water 4
2.4 Water molecule 4
2.5 Directional arrangement of 4
water molecule under the
effect of magnetic field
2.6 The relation of surface 7
tension, magnetizing field
intensity and rate of flow
of water
2.7 The relation of pH value, 8
magnetizing field intensity
and rate of flow of water
3.1 Slump values for the 13
concrete mixes
3.2 Effect of cement content 14
on slump
3.3 Compaction factor test 15
results
3.4 Concrete compressive 16
strength
3.5 Effect of cement content 17
on the strength of concrete
3.6 Concrete splitting tensile 18
strength
3.7 Concrete flexural strength 18

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LIST OF TABLES

TABLE NO. TITLE PAGE NO.


2.1 The relation of viscosity 6
and magnetized field
strength
2.2 The relation of surface 6
tension, magnetizing field
intensity and rate of flow
of water
2.3 The relation of pH value, 7
magnetizing field intensity
and rate of flow of water
2.4 Magnetized water 8
conductivity
3.1 Mix proportions for 12
concrete mixes

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