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Chapter 6: 53

Equality
Locke outlines an equality in abstract or formal rights
Liberalism
Locke is classically speaking a liberal
Declaration of independence is a liberal document
Business owners can refuse to serve gay people
2 different equalities (or inequalities)
Chapter 3: 19
State of nature: no force, state of war: force

Second treatise as a unified take on politics


How do we read/think about this
Cannot apply our rules of logic
Locke is being performative
Convincing you that what he thinks makes sense
Paragraph 34: God gave earth to industrious and rational not
quarrelsome and contentious
I dont want the industrious and rational to own the earth
Property
Chapter 5: 27
Earth is common but labor provides someone a private right to something
Equal rights to property but not equality in terms of property
One of the earliest theorists to talk about labor as positive and valuable
Marx: Aristotle couldnt understand labor because he lived in a slave society
Slaves did labor, humans did not
in the beginning no one had property rights
the habits and behaviors of hunter gatherers dont count as property rights
Locke takes a commercial-capitalist view of land
Post hunter gatherer
Locke would say that materially, the poor day-laborer in England is richer than the Native
American King
Emphasis for material well-being
We cant solve religious wars by finding the best religion
Some tolerance for religion (just not catholics and jews)
But we need more emphasis on materialism and life/liberty/estate!!!!
Locke is trying to depoliticize issues
Or lessen the politicization of society
Wants protestants to stop fighting
Locke is concerned w threats to life/liberty/estate rather than threats to property
People in America dont pay attention to politics except every 4 years
Political debate isnt prevalent for most of the 20/21 st century
This and parties creates stability
THIS IS DISSAPEARING
Tries to justify private property without relying on consent of others
This is very individualistic
You gain property by laboring on it
Got to leave enough and as good land for others
No spoilage
Money
Removes spoilage limitation
Does enough and as good limitation disappear?