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538

User manual
for
LADA 4x4
and its versions

JSC AVTOVAZ TOGLIATTI RUSSIA


TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S
FOR USERS ATTENTION . . . . . . . . . 3 Braking and parking . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Brake fluid level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Car towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Hydraulic power steering . . . . . . . . 48
DESCRIPTION OF THE CAR . . . . . . . . 6 Operation of a new car . . . . . . . . . . . 33 Battery electrolyte level . . . . . . . . . 49
Safety precautions in car operation . 34 Spark plugs and other ignition
Car keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 ECU-equipped car operation features 35 system elements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Doors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 Passenger compartment ventilation Washing fluids . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50
Fuel tank plug . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 and heating control . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 Tire servicing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Bonnet/hood . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Interior lighting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Wheels Changing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Pedal location area . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 Replacing lamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
LADA 4x4 Urban VEHICLE VERSION 39
Seats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 Replacement of fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Vehicle description . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 Body . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58
Mounting of child restraint system 11
Seat belts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 Car laying-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
INTERIOR EQUIPMENT . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Sun visors and mirrors . . . . . . . . . . 14 Interior Iamp . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 CAR PERFORMANCE DATA . . . . . . . . 61
Hydraulic power steering . . . . . . . . 14 Outer mirrors with electric drive . . 39
VAZ-2131 car model Glass holder . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 Main performance parameters and
and its modifications . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 Window lifters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
Car controls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 Steering wheel with modified design 41 Main engine parameters . . . . . . . . 64
Instrument cluster . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Vehicle towing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 Car fuel and speed performance
Under-steering-wheel switches . . . 22 Spare wheel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64
Exterior dimensions for LADA 4x4 Charge volumes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Glove box . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Urban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 Passport details . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66
Ash tray . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
Type and nominal amount of coolant
in conditioner . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 APPENDICES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
CAR OPERATION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
Refit of fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
1. Oil and lubricants validated and
Licence plate mounting . . . . . . . . . 24 Additional circuits, protected by fuses 44
recommended for operation
Ignition switch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 of LADA 4x4 car and its versions . . 68
CAR MAINTENANCE AND ROUTINE
Engine start . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 2. Lamps used in the car . . . . . . . . 78
REPAIRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Electronic antitheft system . . . . . . . . 26 3. List of parts containing precious
Arrangement of transfer case levers 30 Crankcase oil level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 metals used in LADA 44 car . . . . . . 79
Car movement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Coolant level . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 4. Spark plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80

2
FOR USERS ATTENTION according to its designed purpose
throughout the service life set by the
car manufacturer.
Adequacy to designed purpose
Before you start operating your and strong torsional loads on the car and compliance of the car with con-
car please study carefully the pres- body. sumer properties during service life
ent operation manual which presents The car complies with Russian set by car manufacturer is ensured
information on its design features, its Federation requirements set to prod- through a system of measures
controls, equipment as well as safety uct quality performance and its safe- applied in respect of storage, opera-
requirements and rules of usage. ty. Conformity of the car to these tion, maintenance and technical
The car has high dynamic quali- requirements has been certified by service recommended by the manu-
ties, so in initial period of its opera- appropriate authorized RF bodies by facturer.
tion, irrespective of your driving issuance of Vehicle Type Approval Bear in mind that RF Federal
experience, we recommend you to the number of which is indicated on Law On Traffic Safety imposes a
exercise caution until you have com- summary manufacturers data plate. duty on you in respect of main-
pletely mastered techniques of driv- Bear in mind that any factory taining the car in good order; in
ing this car. marking, identification tags and view of this we remind you of your
The car is designed for trans- labels on parts and units of your car duty to carry out, dully and fully,
portation of passengers and luggage shall be maintained up to the end of all scheduled maintenance work
(in quantity and weight declared by service life, otherwise, the manufac- specified in the service book
the manufacturer) at ambient tem- turer (its authorized person) reserves attached to each car as well as all
perature of -40 0+45 0 on public the right to refuse to satisfy owners necessary running repairs.
roads with hard pavement conform- claims for repair or replacement of Maintenance, repair and installa-
ing to GOST R 50597 requirements. defective part or unit. tion of additional equipment shall be
In case of need to drive on macadam When operating the car prevent implemented in enterprises of LADA
or bumpy and wavy roads it is neces- any car damages including mechan- dealer.
sary to select an operation condition ical, chemical, thermal and other LADA dealer employ car service
that would ensure integrity of body external impacts as well as road repair and disposal developed in JSC
protection coatings and security accidents as these damages affect AVTOVAZ and are furnished with ne-
from damages, impacts of crushed general technical state of the car, its cessary special equipment and tools.
stone flying out from under the operation safety and consumer LADA dealer enterprises have a list of
wheels, sharp blows of suspension properties and possibility to use it additional equipment and specially
1* 3
designed processes of its assembly section of Service Book. Installation The engine of the car has been
validated by JSC AVTOVAZ. of any additional devices on the car charged at the manufacturer plant
To maintain warranty valid, instal- must be done in LADA dealer enter- with oil viscosity class according to
lation and removal of any additional prises with a mandatory mark SAE 10W-30 designed for operation
equipment should be carried out in entered in Special marks section in ambient temperature conditions of
LADA dealer enterprises with a of Service Book. Otherwise, JSC minus 25 0 to plus 25 0. If a new car
mandatory mark made in the Service AVTOVAZ bears no responsibility for is to be operated also outside of the
Book. any implications that might arise above temperature range it is neces-
Timely execution of scheduled after installation of additional devices. sary to change the oil for that recom-
maintenance and repair work is Oil consumption value limit is 0.7 L mended in Appendix 1 without wait-
essential for car technical condition, per 1000 km mileage. This is maxi- ing for the scheduled replacement
ensures designed durability and per- mum value which is indicative of time according to service Book. In
formance of the car. Once the car engine parts wear and the need to this case repeated oil change at
has undergone technical service, carry out repair. 20003000 km mileage is not
please ensure that the LADA dealer Always remember that safety required.
personnel that carried it out have of you and other road traffic par- Car design is being continuously
entered appropriate marks in Service ticipants, environmental condi- improved; therefore, separate units
Book. tion and also ensuring of high and parts and also design versions
When operation and servicing the performance and service life of and specification packages may
car please apply materials the list of your car stated by the manufac- slightly differ from those described
which is specified herein. Please turer depend on its technical herein. You can obtain detailed infor-
note that the car engine with fuel serviceability and your respect of mation about your car from the seller.
injection and catalytic converter car operation rules set forth in the With respect to new cars acquired
is only designed for the use of present manual and Service abroad, likewise those imported to
unleaded gasoline! Book! Russian Federation for sales and
The manufacturer plant bears no The Warning and Attention sold to natural and legal persons,
responsibility for units broken down headings inform you of conditions warranty obligations of the manufac-
due to the use of bad quality gaso- that might lead to injuring of people turer on Russian Federation territory
line. Replacement or modification of or damage of your car. The War- are not applicable.
engine ECU (EMS) software or hard- ning heading means that wrong Technical service and repair of
ware must be done in an enterprise actions may lead to injuring of peo- imported cars is carried out by
of LADA dealer with a mandatory ple, Attention wrong actions the seller or an authorized enter-
mark entered in Special marks may lead to damage of your car. prise of LADA dealer enterprise at
4
the customers expense. Car
export version features are as fol-
lows:
vehicle certificate (PTS) is
issued by RF customs bodies, it con-
tains no relevant company details
and a stamp of JSC AVTOVAZ as an
organization issuing PTS;
identification plate attached in
the engine bay is containing data in
English;
warranty coupon of JSC AVTO-
VAZ is not available;
other distinctive features may
take place related to national
requirements of importer country.

5
DESCRIPTION
OF THE CAR

CAR KEYS

Each car is completed with a set of


keys each one containing (Fig. 1) two
keys: the longer ones for ignition Fig. 1. Car keys
switch, the short ones for door latch-
es. Ignition key number is applied on
the flag of the ring holding the keys.
Having removed the flag you can keep
secrecy of ignition key number.
For car specification package com-
pleted with electronic antitheft system
(immobilizer*), additional 3 code keys
are attached:
two black ones working keys
and one red a teaching (program-
ming) key.

*Immobilizer disables engine start if


key code has not been preliminarily read
which ensures additional protection of
the car from unauthorized use.

6
DOORS

Fig. 2. Opening of doors Fig. 3. Car door

From outside, the doors are Trunk compartment door


opened by pressing the handle (tailgate)
upwards (Fig. 2). When opening the
doors courtesy light automatically To open trunk compartment door
switches on. The doors are furnished pull lever 1 (Fig. 4) of latch drive and
with a switch 1 of outside door lock. then lift the tailgate up by handle 4.
From inside, the latch is locked by The tailgate is held in open position
pressing a latch lock button 4 (Fig. with gas-filled telescopic stops/sup-
3). The button must not be pressed ports 3. The trunk compartment is
when the door is open as it leads to partitioned from the passenger com-
damage of the locking device. The Fig. 4. Tailgate
partment with shelf 2 which may be
door is opened from inside by pulling trunk compartment door
used in transport position for place-
of the lever 3 irrespective of locking
ment of light items.
button position.
The doors are furnished with a
comfortable armrest 5. Drop window AT T E N T I O N ! When closing them you should
2 is raised and lowered by rotation of Hood and tailgate are source of be extremely careful especially
window regulating lever 1. high hazard. when children are nearby.
7
FUEL TANK PLUG Nonobservance of this recom-
mendation may cause spillage of
gasoline excesses when the car is
parked.

Fig. 5. Fuel tank plug

To access the fuel tank plug 1 WARNING!


(Fig. 5) you should open the lid 2 Gasoline as well as its vapour is
located on the right side of the car poisonous and highly flammable!
body. The plug is opened by rotating Observe measures of precaution
it anticlockwise. The plug is screwed and fire safety rules! Avoid skin
back in by rotating it clockwise until and clothes exposure to gasoline
occurrence of distinctive clicking and respiratory tract to gasoline
noises. vapour. When filling up the car
The flexible laisse prevents losing avoid ingress of gasoline to paint
of the plug when filling up the car and coatings and rubber items.
prevents lid closing if the plug has Car fuel tank refueling is inad-
not been screwed in fuel tank filler. missible after automatic filling
valve cutoff or after appearance
of gasoline in fuel tank filler when
filling with a tap not equipped
with automatic cutoff system.
8
BONNET/HOOD PEDAL LOCATION AREA

Pedals
Nothing must interfere with opera-
tion of gas, brake and clutch pedals
(see Fig. 13 items 28, 30, 32) and
prevent their full travel.
You should use only such floor
carpets that will not interfere with
operation of pedals and can be
To access engine compartment
securely fixed.
pull lever 1 (Fig. 6) and then open the
bonnet 3 (Fig. 7) so that its stay 2 ATTENTION!
enters bracket limiter 1. When clos-
Fig. 6. Bonnet latch drive lever Do not put any items on the
ing the bonnet, lift it slightly, with- floor in front of and beneath the
draw the bonnet stay from bracket drivers seat because when brak-
limiter and smoothly lower the bon- ing an object might get into pedal
net. Press the bonnet in the latch arrangement area and hinder
area until the latch snaps. their normal operation. When it
should come necessary to avoid a
prang or perform a fast maneuver
you will not be able to perform
emergency hard braking, sudden
clutch operation or opening up
the engine.

Wearing appropriate foot-gear


when driving a car

Fig. 7. Bonnet stay You should wear foot-ware that is


to your right foot size and enables
touch sensing the pedals.
2 . . LADA 4x4, . . 9
SEATS

To adjust front seats in longitudinal


direction pull locking lever 1 (Fig. 8)
upwards. Once the seat has been
moved to desired position release the
lever. Seat reclining angle adjustment
is continuously variable by rotation of
knob 6. diagram displays how
front seats are unfolded to rest posi-
tion. To install child seating module Fig. 8. Seats
the passenger seat has to be set to
last but one position.
ATTENTION! ing locks retain then in desirable raise the seat a little and move it
position. back to position III;
Do not adjust drivers seat when A place under the drivers seat is after loading the luggage lay the
driving the car. It may suddenly provided to fasten fire-extinguisher 4 shelf 7 in the luggage compartment
move sharply which will lead to with elastic belt 5. and adjust backrest angles of front
losing control of the car. seats to position comfortable for rid-
Back seat is designed foldable.
To seat passengers on the back Diagram shows how to ing.
seat displace knob 2 and incline the increase trunk area space:
backrest forwards. As this takes remove shelf 7 and tilt backrests
place, all seat is displaced forwards of front seat forwards;
making space for the passengers to press handles 8 of back seat 9
access the backseat. locks and lay the backrest on seat
Headrests of 3 front seats are cushion 10 (position I);
height adjustable. Spring type hold- bring the folded seat to position II;
10
MOUNTING 2. In cars equipped with front When choosing baby restraint sys-
OF CHILD RESTRAINT SYSTEM passenger airbag there is a warn- tem it is required to be guided by
ing label located at the side of information given in table Accor-
instrument panel in order to dance of baby restraint mechanism to
remind you that you should never seats of their mounting in a car. Baby
mount a child retaining device on restraint mechanism can be installed
the front seat with its back side in Your car only it meets requirements
facing forwards. of European standard R44.
WARNING!
Never hold a child on your
knees in the moving car! Accordance of baby restraint mechanism
Standard safety belts for adult to seats of their mounting in a car
passengers are used in your car
RR passenger seats
to fasten child retaining device. Baby mass group Type of child restraint mechanism
FR passen-
ger seats middle
side (for LADA 2131)
Secure placement of children in Category 0 < 10 kg Cross baby cradle U
the car is possible only when using (average 06 months)
Category 0+ < 13 kg Baby seat, mountable against the direction U
certified childrens retaining devices. (average 618 months) of movement
When mounting a child retaining Baby seat, mountable against the direction U U
Category 1 918 kg of movement
device in your car you should be (average 9 months
guided by the diagram attached to it. 3,5 years) Baby seat, mountable in the direction U U
of movement
For higher child safety it is desir- Category 2 1525 kg Baby seat, mountable in the direction U U
able that the child retaining device (average 3,5 6 years) of movement
should be mounted on the back seat. Category 3 2236 kg Baby seat, mountable in the direction U U
(average 612 y.o.) of movement
WARNING!
1. It is prohibited to use a rear- U seat suitable for mounting of universal baby restraint mechanism mountable against direction
ward facing child retaining device of movement and officially approved for this mass group.
seat not suitable for mounting of baby restraint mechanism.
on the front right seat protected
with passenger airbag mounted in
front of this seat.
2* 11
Mounting of baby restraint belt ISOFIX adjust its tension according guided by information given in table
mechanism ISOFIX to Manufacturer Instruction of baby Accordance of baby restraint mecha-
restraint mechanism ISOFIX. nism ISOFIX to seats of their mounting
When choosing of baby restraint in a car. Baby restraint mechanism
Variant execution of Your car is mechanism ISOFIX it is required to be ISOFIX can be mounted in Your car only
equipped with fastener systems ISOFIX
located on side seats of RR seat.
Fastener systems ISOFIX allow to Accordance of baby restraint mechanism ISOFIX to seats
of their mounting in a car
mount baby restraint mechanism
ISOFIX corresponding to European Position of ISOFIX holder in a car
Category Dimensional class of baby restraint
standard ( R44) requirements. on mass mechanism ISOFIX
Fastener system ISOFIX consists RR RH side RR LH side seat

of two low brackets ISOFIX and bracket F (Cross cradle ISOFIX) X X


for upper safety belt ISOFIX. 0
(from G (Cross baby cradle ISOFIX) X X
Low brackets ISOFIX (to which 10 kg) (Baby seat ISOFIX mountable against direction IL X
the corresponding fixators of baby of movement)
(Baby seat ISOFIX mountable against direction IL X
restraint mechanism are connected of movement)
0+
ISOFIX) located at the base of RR seat (till D (Baby seat ISOFIX mountable against direction X X
back and indicated with round pic- 13 kg) of movement)
C (Baby seat ISOFIX mountable against direction X X
tograms with inscription ISOFIX. of movement)
Before connection of baby restraint D (Baby seat ISOFIX mountable against direction X X
mechanism fixators ISOFIX it is requi- of movement)
red to clear a space of low brackets C (Baby seat ISOFIX mountable against direction X X
I of movement)
location ISOFIX placing locks of RR
(9-18 kg) B (Baby seat ISOFIX mountable along direction IUF IUF
safety belts along the line of joint of movement)
of cushion and RR seat back. B1 (Baby seat ISOFIX mountable along direction IUF IUF
of movement)
Bracket to mount upper safety belt
A (Baby seat ISOFIX mountable along direction IUF IUF
ISOFIX is located on the body floor of movement)
behind RR seat back. Upper safety belt
holder ISOFIX is made by straight part IUF seat suitable to mount on direction of movement, universal of this category of baby restraint mechanism
ISOFIX.
of wire staple of low inner holder IL seat suitable to mount half-universal of this category of baby restraint mechanism ISOFIX.
ISOFIX. After fixation of upper safety seat is not suitable to mount this category of baby restraint mechanism ISOFIX.

12
it corresponds to European standard SEAT BELTS
( R44) requirements.

WARNING!
Make sure that holders of baby
restraint mechanism ISOFIX during
its mounting in a car not to damage
safety belts of RR seat.
Operation of baby restraint me-
chanism ISOFIX must be done ac-
cording to Manufacturers Instruc-
tion of baby restraint mechanism Fig. 9. Safety belts
ISOFIX.
To don the seat belts, insert the ATTENTION!
catch 1 (Fig. 9) into the lock 2 until it Do not don the seat belt on a
clicks, when doing this do not allow child seating on the passengers
the straps twisting. To unbuckle the knees.
seat belt press button 3 of the lock.
Rear side passengers don the When the straps get dirty clean
seat belts in the same way. A special them with weak soap solution. It is
design seat belt is provided for the inadmissible to press the straps with
middle passenger (VAZ-2131) with an iron. The seat belt is subject to
two catches and two locks, it being mandatory replacement with a new
known that in order to bring the belt on if it has been exposed to critical
to initial position the end catch load in a road traffic accident or has
should be inserted to the loch with a ruptures, abrasions and other dam-
black button. ages.

13
SUN VISORS AND MIRRORS HYDRAULIC POWER STEERING

Optionally, the car is equipped


with hydraulic power steering which
considerably decreases steering
wheel force. If hydraulic power
steering is not in operation (for
example, when towing the car with
Position I of the sun visors 1 (Fig. Fig. 10. Sun visors and mirrors the engine stalled) drivability of the
10) can be changed to position II or car is maintained although this
III depending on direction of sun would require much higher efforts
rays. applied to the steering wheel.
Interior rear-view mirror 2 has two
fixed positions of and . To prevent
ATTENTION!
dazzling with light of headlamps of a
vehicle moving behind the car Do not allow movement with
change mirror tilt angle with little engine stalled and set to neutral
lever 3. gear! In this case hydraulic
Outside rear view mirrors are power steering and vacuum
adjusted manually in all directions. brake booster do not operate, so
you endanger yourself and other
traffic participants.

14
VAZ-2131 CAR MODEL
AND ITS MODIFICATIONS

Fig. 11. Tailgate Fig. 12. Laying of a back seat

Long-wheelbase (extended) VAZ- Trunk compartment door hinge is in the middle part of the
2131 car model with five-door sta- cushion;
tion wagon body and also its modifi- Trunk compartment door latch having moved handle 2 right,
cations differs from base specifica- drive handle is located at LH front release the backrest and lay it. If
tion VAZ-21214 model with extend- seat on a special bracket. needed, move the front seats for-
ed (by 500 mm) wheelbase and wards.
equipment.
Back seats
Front seats
Tailgates
The car is fitted with original back The front seats are adjusted on a
Tailgates (Fig. 11) have a latch seats. Laying of back seats with the stationary vehicle with the front
which can be locked by pressing aim to increase trunk compartment doors open.
latch locking button 1 both with open space is shown on Fig. 12 and is
and shut door. As this takes place, done in the following sequence:
the outside handle and inside lever 3 remove the shelf 1 and lay it
will have idle stroke. along the rear wall of trunk compart-
Drop window of the door is low- ment;
ered and raised by rotation of win- pull by hinge 3 and put the seat
dow regulator handle 2. cushion in vertical position. The
15
Fig. 13. Car controls and instrumentation

16
CAR CONTROLS 7 windshield air blow-off Installation of radio/multimedia
nozzles. shall be carried out only in a validat-
8 central nozzles of interior ed enterprise of sales and service
ventilation and heating system. network with mandatory mark in the
9 interior ventilation and service book.
heating system ECU.
ATTENTION!
10 rear glass heating switch.
Rear glass heating switch is switched Voluntary installation of cur-
on by pressing the key arm. When rent consuming devices might
Arrangement of car controls is lead to wiring overload and fire.
turning on exterior lighting, key sym-
shown in Fig. 13. 19 gearshift lever.
1 horn switch. bol highlight bulb turns on.
11 rear glass heating indica- 20 gearshift lever in transfer
2 instrument cluster dash- case.
board. tor bulb block of heating and
. 21 ashtray.
3 steering wheel. differential interlock
22 parking brake lever hold-
4 dashboard fixation screw. 12 plug.
ing button.
5 outer lighting switch. 13 glove box.
23 parking brake lever.
When pressing the key arm down 14 front doors glass defog-
By moving the lever upwards
to the first fixed position, marker light ging nozzles.
brake pads of rear wheels are actuat-
turns on; when pressing it down to 15 shelf for first-aid box,
the second fixed position, head- ed. To return the lever to initial posi-
magazines and newspapers. tion press the button 22 and lower
lamps are turned on additionally, with 16 plug.
a bulb in the switch highlighting the the lever.
17 rear fog light switch.
key. The fog lights are turned on when ATTENTION!
6 heater electric motor fan
headlamps are on in conditions of If in exceptional case you
switch.
When pressing the key arm down restricted view (fog, snow, heavy would have to use the parking
to the first fixed position, low fan rain) by pressing the key arm. brake when the car is moving, do
speed is turned on, when pressing it When external lighting is switched not draw it too tight and keep
down to the second fixed position, on key symbol highlight bulb turns holding the button on the lever
high speed is turned on. When turn- on. pressed. Otherwise, interlocking
ing on exterior lighting, key symbol 18 cavity/socket for mount- of rear wheels may occur leading
highlight bulb turns on. ing of radio/multimedia. to skidding.
3 . . LADA 4x4, . . 17
24 cigarette lighter. 35 bonnet latch operating For other options of car loading
To use it press the socket button lever. without exceeding of car payload
down to its fixed position. In about 15 36 instrument illumination and intermediate position of the
s the socket will automatically return control. knob should be selected.
to initial position and becomes ready By turning the knob instrument 38 headlamp switch lever.
for using. When instrument illumina- illumination brightness is adjusted 39 instrument cluster.
tion is on the cigarette lighter socket and also highlighting of symbols if
is highlighted with a bright-up lamp. outside lighting is on.
25 differential lock lever in 37 beam adjuster.
transfer case. By turning the knob, depending
26 rear screen wiper and on the load applied on the car, head-
washer switch. lamp light beam angle is adjusted in
When pressing the key arm down such a way that to avoid dazzling of
on-coming vehicle drivers.
to the first fixed position the wiper is
Knob positions, when reviewed in
turned on; further pressing to the
the order of increasing of circles
second non-fixed position addition-
diameters on the beam adjuster
ally turns on the washer.
scale mean as follows:
27windscreen and headlamp
driver alone or plus passenger
wiper and washer switch lever. on the front seat;
28 accelerator pedal. all the seats are occupied or
29 hazard light switch. driver alone plus 100 kg cargo in the
When pressing the button blinking luggage compartment for VAZ-
light of turn indicators comes on and 21214 and 200 kg for VAZ-2131 car;
also a bulb in the button itself. all the seats are occupied plus
Hazard light is turned off when the cargo in the luggage compartment
button is pressed again. of up to permitted maximum vehicle
30 brake pedal. weight () or driver alone plus
31 ignition switch. 250 kg cargo in the luggage com-
32 clutch pedal. partment with unfolded back seat
33 turn indicator switch lever. for VAZ-21214 and 350 kg for VAZ-
34 fuse boxes. 2131 car.
18
INSTRUMENT CLUSTER

Instrument cluster is shown in Fig.


14, where:
1 coolant temperature indi-
cator.
The indicator hand entering the
red area of the scale denotes engine
overheating.
ATTENTION! Fig. 14. Instrument cluster
Car operation with the engine
overheated, when the indicator ATTENTION! 5 speedometer.
hand is in the red area, is prohi- Do not allow engine operation 6 fuel indicator.
bited. The car must be delivered condition with indicator hand 7 fuel reserve check indica-
to a validated enterprise of sales pointing at the red area of the tor. Lights up with orange light if the
and service network to identify scale nor with engine speed of fuel tank contains less than 46.5 L.
and eliminate the cause of engine
less than 800 min-1 at starting ATTENTION!
overheating.
and in movement. Never allow complete running
2 tachometer indicates engine 3 LH direction indicator con- out of fuel. This intensifies wear
crankshaft rpm. The area of the scale trol lamp. of fuel system units and may lead
with red shading denotes engine Lights up with green blinking light to an emergency situation on the
operation condition with a high when switching left-hand turn. road caused by sudden interrup-
crankshaft speed, the red area of the 4 RH direction indicator con- tion of your car movement and
scale means dangerous engine trol lamp. Lights up with green blink- also catalytic converter overheat-
operating conditions. ing light when switching right-hand turn. ing and damage.
3* 19
8 marker light switch indicat- 13 ABS indicator lamp (in drops below +2 0 the indicator dis-
ing lamp. optional design version). Lights up plays time (hours) readings for 3
Lights up with green light when with yellow light when turning ignition seconds and then switches over to
turning on outside lighting. off and goes out after engine start- temperature display, the reading
9 indicating lamp of faulty up (self-testing mode). being blinking for the first 10 sec-
Electronic distribution of brake onds.
ATTENTION!
forces (in optional design version). When outside air temperature
Lights up with red light when turn- In all other cases indicator exceeds +3 0 and then again goes
lamp lighting gives evidence of a below + 2 0:
ing on ignition and goes out after
fault occurrence, which must be being in hours display state the
engine start-up (self-testing mode).
eliminated only in a validated indicator automatically switches over
ATTENTION! enterprise of sales and service to temperature display, with the
Car operation with continuous- network. reading blinking for the first 10 se-
ly lit indicating lamp is prohibited. 14 Check lamp check conds;
As this takes place, you should engine. in case of temperature indica-
apply to a validated enterprise of The lamp lights up when turning tion, its normal mode of operation is
sales and service network. on ignition and goes out after engine interrupted with 10 second long
start-up if engine ECU (EMS) is clear blinking.
10 headlamp high beam Setting of hours and minutes is
from faults.
switch indicator lamp. In case of detecting of any defect done in time indication mode by
Lights up with blue light when in the system the lamp is on continu- turning of button 11 towards charac-
switching the upper beam. ously or blinking. ters h (hours) and m (minutes).
11 reading reset button. 15 indicator of time, tempera- After removal of terminal contact
12 mileage indicator. ture and car-system voltage. from accumulator battery and sub-
The top line of the indicator dis- Switching over between indication sequent voltage recover the time
plays total miles while the bottom line of time, ambient air temperature and count starts from zero.
is a daily trip-meter. To reset daily on-board car-system voltage is done 16 accumulator battery
counter reading press and hold down by short-time pressing of button 11. charge indicator lamp. It is lit red
the reset button 11 for more than 5 s When turning on ignition at ambi- when turning on ignition and goes
with the car stopped. Setting the ent air temperature of higher than out after engine start. Bright lighting
daily counter to zero also occurs +2 0 time indication is always dis- of the bulb of its half-glow lighting
when removing the battery terminal. played. When ambient temperature when the engine is running is indica-
20
tive of slack tension (break) of alter- 19 driver and front passenger
nator drive belt or charge circuit fail- unfastened seat belt indicator
ure or possibly alternator itself. lamp. It is lit red at ignition turn-on if
17 check lamp of braking sys- the drivers seat belt is not donned.
tem emergency state and parking Simultaneously with light signaling
brake turn on. It is lit red when fluid turn on buzzer beep is sounding.
level in brake hydraulic drive tank
drops below MIN mark when WARNING!
engaging parking brake. When driving always don the
seatbelt and never carry passen-
ATTENTION! gers unfastened with seat belts!
Lighting of indicator lamp when
parking brake is off is indicative
of brake fluid low level. Car move-
ment is prohibited until elimina-
tion of fluid low level cause.
18 low oil pressure indicator
lamp. It is lit red when turning on
ignition and goes out after engine
start. Red lit when engine is running
if oiling system pressure is low.
ATTENTION!
In case of indication of emer-
gency oil pressure level value you
should immediately stop moving,
stall the engine and apply to LADA
dealer for elimination of the fail-
ure, because low level in lubrica-
tion system leads to heavy dam-
age of the engine.
21
UNDER-STEERING-WHEEL
SWITCHES

Fig. 15. Under-steering switches

If ignition is on, the headlamps to position left turn indicators By inward (pulling) movement of
energized with external lighting are switched on. the lever (nonlocking position) wind-
switch, and lever 1 (Fig. 15) of Once the car has come out of the screen wiper is switched on, and if
dimmer switch takes the following road turn back to the straight road headlamp lighting is on then simulta-
positions: the lever automatically returns to ini- neously headlamp wipers and wash-
I dimlight on; II high beam on. tial position. This operation can be ers are switched on.
Headlamp high beam can also be performed manually.
switched on by inward movement of Lever 3 of wind-screen and
the lever along the steering column headlamp wiper and washer
(nonlocking position), irrespective of switch takes the following posi-
exterior lighting switch position and tions:
position of the key in the ignition I windscreen wiper on;
switch. II windscreen wiper intermittent
When moving lever 2 of turn operation is on;
indicator switch to position III windscreen wiper continuous
right turn indicators are switched on, operation is on.
22
Fig. 16. Glove box Fig. 17. Ash tray

GLOVE BOX ASH TRAY

To open glove box cover 1 (Fig. To use it pull the projection 1 (Fig.
16), press latch handles to knob 2 17). To clean the ash tray, press plate
and pull. 2 of cigarette snub-out and remove it
from the socket.

23
CAR OPERATION IGNITION SWITCH

LICENCE PLATE Positions of key in ignition switch


MOUNTING are shown in Fig. 19.
0 ignition off. All is switched
off, the key cannot be removed, and
The car is completed with a kit mechanical antitheft device is off.
of fasteners to mount the licence I ignition. Ignition is on, the key
plates. cannot be removed.
Front licence plate is mounted on II starter motor. The motor has
the front bumper with screws 1 (Fig. Fig. 18. Mounting of licence plates been started, the key cannot be
18) and nuts 3 with washers 2. removed, key position unfixed.
To mount the rear licence plate III parking. Ignition is off, with
insert plastic bushings 4 in the tail- the key removed, mechanical
gate and fasten the plate with self- antitheft device actuates and locks
tapping screws 6 with washers 5. steering gear shaft.
To turn the antitheft device off
insert the key into ignition switch and
put it to zero position by slightly turn-
ing the steering wheel tight and left.

Fig. 19. Ignition switch

24
ENGINE START In attempting to start the engine 3. Minimum electrode gap of igni-
for longer than 20 seconds the tion plugs, i.e. to 1 mm, is recom-
starter motor will be switched off mended in winter period.
automatically (overtemperature pro- 4. When leaving a car for long time
tection). at parking place in the open air it is
Once the engine is started, recommended to burn ignition
release the ignition key and it will plugs before engine cutoff. To this
automatically come back to position I end, increase engine rpm up to
Start features of engine with (refer to Fig. 19). In case of stable 3000 min-1 and then stall it.
electronic control system engine operation smoothly release 5. Before starting, take a pause of
the clutch pedal. a few seconds with ignition on for
1. Press clutch pedal and set gear
At ambient air temperature minus
shift lever neutral position. electric fuel pump to have time
25 0 and lower and also during
2. Insert the car key and turn on enough to increase pressure in the
heavy snowfalls it is recommended
the starter motor. If the engine will fuel rail up to working value.
to put a radiator cover on trim grille
not start operating at the first try 6. Hold clutch pedal pressed
holes for intense engine warm-up
switch ignition off and turn the starter before and during engine starting
and to maintain its thermal condi-
motor on again in 2030 seconds. tions. and do not apply accelerator pedal.
Keeping the starter motor turned on 7. If during 10 seconds there is
for more than 1015 seconds is not Engine start in cold season still no sparking in the cylinders, stop
recommended. It is prohibited to your attempt to start the engine.
press accelerator pedal during The present recommendations Repeat the attempt in 40 seconds.
engine start. In case of heavy engine ensure starting of a properly operat- 8. If the second attempt to start
start (too much fuel delivered into ing vehicle with accumulator battery the engine was a failure, the third
combustion chambers) press the charged at least up to 75%. attempt should be started with
accelerator pedal as far as it will go 1. Crankcase oil must comply with accelerator pedal pressed all the way
and switch on starter motor for 10- ambient temperature (refer to Ap- down (cylinders drainage condition).
15 seconds to purge cylinders and pendix 1). After 68 seconds of purging start
then release the accelerator pedal 2. Gasoline volatility class for win- smoothly releasing accelerator pedal
and start the engine in the pre- ter period depending on climatic re- and hold it in a position when spark-
scribed manner. gion is used as per GOST R 51105-97. ing will occur.
4 . . LADA 4x4, . . 25
9. If even the third try to start the fire protection function. CHECK ELECTRONIC
engine is a failure, it means that ENGINE indicator starts blinking ANTITHEFT SYSTEM
either ambient temperature is lower when cut-outs occur in one or two
than prescribed by Technical cylinders, delivery of fuel is cut
Specifications (minus 25 0 is margin off to cylinders in which misfire
of engine cold start capacity without has been detected; after that the
auxiliary devices) or the engine has indicator is glowing continuously.
been out of order, ore there exist In occurrence of misfire immedi-
some deviance from recommenda- ate actions must be taken for its
tions set forth above. elimination.
Part of the cars produced are
An engine equipped with elec- For vehicles equipped with ca-
equipped with electronic antitheft
tronic fuel injection (EFI), catalytic talysts cranking by towing is only
system ensures that the engine can
converter and oxygen sensor ope- allowed with cold engine. It is
only be started after reading a code
rates properly only if unleaded gaso- preferable to start the engine
from a key. The cars are fitted with
line is used. Leaded gasoline will dis- with another cars battery using
auxiliary cables. By no means use -4 antitheft system. Immobilizer
able these elements in a short time
starter motor to move the car. an electronic control module is the
and this leads to smoky exhaust mis-
main element of the electronic
sion, sharp increase of fuel con-
antitheft system. After reading a
sumption and degradation of car
dynamic performance. code from the working code key and
identifying its code value the immo-
ATTENTION! bilizer generates enabling code
Catalytic converter is a costly command to engine ECU. The immo-
unit designed to provide environ- bilizer has an integrated protection
ment protection. The catalyst function against key fitting and code
may break down, and in case of reading. The code key includes a
misfire (piston knock and jerks of special unit enabling translation of a
the car when moving) fuel will be code value in a coded and continu-
ignited in the catalyst, with its ously varying state. Code keys have
temperature sharply increasing. an inscription denoting an antitheft
Engine ECUs have catalyst mis- system type.
26
-4 antitheft system and operates properly. To this effect, occurs in 5 minutes; if the drivers
user manual shut all the doors of the car except door has been opened and then
for the drivers door. Step into the car closed, then setting to guard mode
Cars fitted with -4 electronic and shut the drivers door. System happens in 30 seconds from the
antitheft system are provided with status LED indicator must start blink- moment of door closing.
additional protection against unau- ing at a frequency of two times a sec- In all cases, a beeping sound is
thorized use by means of engine ond. Approach anyone of the black heard with increasing pace 15 sec-
start disabling. code keys to the indicator, the LED onds before setting the system to
The antitheft system set includes must go out at this and at the same guard mode and indicator LED glints.
code keys additionally attached to time a double beep signal must If setting to guard mode is not
the car. The two black keys are work- sound. After that you may turn on desirable it can be disabled by turn-
ing code keys which should be nor- ing the ignition key to ignition turn-
ignition and start the engine the
mally used for releasing of guard on position.
antitheft system operates properly.
mode and one red key used as a
teaching (programming) code key. ATTENTION! Guard mode release
The teaching code key is used for If the engine can be started
antitheft system activation and initial without putting the key to indica- To release the antitheft system
teaching of working code keys and tor it means that the antitheft sys- from guard mode switch it over to key
also to reprogram the system when a tem is inactive, and you should code reading mode in which LED
working code key is lost and to teach request for its programming and indicator is blinking at a frequency of
additional working code keys as well bringing to active state when buy- 2 times a second. Entry into read-
as to restore working condition of the ing the car and after its technical ing mode is possible in two ways:
system when replacing faulty elec- maintenance. by opening or closing of the dri-
tronic units. vers door; in this case reading
-4 antitheft system allows to Antitheft system entry into guard mode lasts 1.5 minutes;
teach and operate simultaneously mode is occurring automatically by turning of ignition on and off
1-4 working code keys. upon ignition turnoff and depends on in which case reading mode lasts
The antitheft system must be acti- further actions of the driver. If the dri- 10 seconds.
vated during PDI (predelivery vers door has not been opened or Put the system to reading mode
inspection). Make sure that the has been opened and remained and approach any one of the black
antitheft system has been connected opened, then setting to guard mode code keys to indicator LED indica-
4* 27
tor must go out simultaneously with 2. Loss of a teaching code key. 5. Antitheft system diagnos-
double beep sound. After that you In case of lass of a teaching (pro- tics.
can switch ignition on and start the gramming) key it is not possible to If after releasing of the antitheft
engine. perform reprogramming of new code system guard mode and ignition turn-
ATTENTION! keys as well as the remaining working on the LED indicator blinks 1-2 times
code keys. This means that car oper- and goes out it means that antitheft
Never use the red key to
ation is possible with the available system is in good order. If after
release the antitheft system from
guard mode, this might disable working keys but in the event of their releasing of the antitheft system
engine start. In view of impor- loss or immobilizer fault it will be nec- guard mode and ignition turn-on sys-
tance of the red key please keep it essary to replace immobilizer, engine tem status LED indicator blinks 1 time
secure at home. In case of loss of control unit and also all code keys for per second and engine will not start it
the red key, once the antitheft new unprogrammed ones. Following means that the antitheft system is
system has been activated, war- such replacement, it will be neces- faulty. It is necessary to apply to
ranty obligations on the system sary to go through procedure of LADA dealer for fault elimination.
and engine ICU quality are not
antitheft system activation by LADA
assumed. Courtesy light turn-off
dealer.
delay control
Particular cases 3. Faulty immobilizer replace-
ment.
This function allows keeping pas-
1. Loss of a working code key Antitheft system teaching proce-
senger compartment illuminated for
and teaching additional working dure must be performed by LADA
a while after car door closing which
code keys. dealer after replacement of a faulty
facilitates drivers when it is dark.
In case of loss of working code key immobilizer.
it is recommended that the system be To enable this function, the light
4. Replacement of faulty engine switch must be set to Off position.
reprogrammed using the remaining control unit (ECU).
code keys in order to prevent its In this state, the light is turned on
A faulty ECU needs to be replaced with door opening and glows all the
unauthorized use and auto theft.
Then it is possible to by new working for a properly operating one with its time while the door is open. If ignition
code keys and teach the system antitheft function nonactivated. After has not been switched on, then after
anew with the use of remaining and such replacement it will be necessary closing the door the lamp keeps
new code keys. Reprogramming to have the antitheft system activated glowing for 12 seconds more and
is performed by LADA dealer. by LADA dealer. then smoothly goes out within 4 se-
28
conds. If the door is closed with igni- How to use immobilizer
tion turned on, the light goes out and ignition keys
right after door closing. If during
courtesy light turn-off delay opera-
tion the ignition key is set to On To start engine on the car
equipped with electronic antitheft
state, then courtesy light will go out
system:
without delay. 1. After opening of any of the
If during courtesy light turn-off doors or short-time ignition switch-
delay operation the door is repeated- on (if door switch is out of order)
ly opened, the light is turned on and Fig. 20. Instrument panel
immobilizer switches over to code
(fragment)
keeps lighting all the time while the reading readiness mode for 30 sec-
door is open and further on as onds light indicator 1 (Fig. 20) of
described above. signaling sensor 2 is blinking with
double frequency.
2. During this time interval 0 (Off) and then turn the starter
Alternative engine start motor on again.
approach working code key 3 to indi-
procedure cator sensor. After code reading The key is removed when in posi-
immobilizer unit identifies its validity tion III of ignition switch. As this
This procedure enables engine light indicator glows for 2 seconds takes place, mechanical antitheft
starting for one trip without code and goes out and enables electronic device is actuated which locks the
reading from working (black) key in engine control unit thereby enabling steering shaft.
engine starting. In order to avoid auto theft do
case of its loss or faulty antitheft sys-
Perform engine start by turning not leave the key in the ignition
tem. The procedure is possible to switch!
use only in case of preprogrammed the key in the ignition switch 1 (See.
Fig. 19) from position I (ignition) to
bypassing password consisting of
position II (starter motor).
six digits. Activation of alternative Ignition switch has locking which
engine start procedure must be per- prevents starter motor switch-on
formed during PDI of maintenance of while the engine is running. For
the car by LADA dealer only at the repeated engine start after abortive
owners will and in his presence. attempt set the key from position I to
29
ARRANGEMENT CAR MOVEMENT
OF TRANSFER CASE LEVERS

Differential locking lever can take Check positions of transfer case


Fig. 21. Transfer box levers
the following positions (Fig. 21): levers before driving it should cor-
unlocked; respond to road conditions.
locked. Start driving in first gear and with
When switching on locking differ- engine rotational frequency increas-
ential locking indicator lamp 11 lights ing perform upshift in appropriate
up (See Fig. 13). time. Gear shift pattern is shown in
Gear shift lever positions in trans- Fig. 22.
fer case mean as follows: The clutch used in this car has no
low gear; gaps in the drive. In view of this, to
N mid-gear; avoid clutch slippage, release the
top gear. pedal after gear shifting and clutch
After gearing up differential lock- engagement. Do not keep your foot
ing may be performed while in car pressing clutch pedal when moving.
movement with clutch released. Shift down well-timed and ac-
Fig. 22. Shift pattern
cording to current road conditions,
switch over to low gear in the gear-
box avoiding engine overload.
For backing, push gearshift lever
as far as will go and move it to posi-
tion corresponding to reverse gear
30
switching. Put in reverse gear only During driving see after operation Perform partial braking from time
after car complete stop. of the systems by watching instru- to time during driving to dry the
When hill climbing, taking off, mentation and indicator lamps. Red brakes as efficiency of wet brakes is
towing a heavy trailer, moving on indicator lamps must not glow in sharply reduced.
loose ground and also to obtain min- normal conditions their light is sig- When overtaking, switch wind-
imal driving speed on roads with hard screen wiper on and put it to maxi-
naling that an appropriate system
pavement preliminary engage low mum efficiency this will help avoid
needs checking.
gear in the transfer case. Engaging visibility loss due to possible water
of transfer case low gear is recom- splashing from under wheels of the
mended after car complete stop. Passing fords and puddles vehicle being passed. Such safety
When passing rough road sec- precautions are also desirable when
tions lock the differential in advance. Driving through water barriers being overtaken.
Do not lock differential at requires extreme attention as they Do not perform overtake in rainy
wheel-spin moment. After pass- might hide pits or underwater obsta- weather if water drop cloud from
ing of such road sections unlock cles which can damage wheel discs under wheels of the car ahead com-
the differential because driving or suspension parts. Passing water pletely closes overtake area visibility.
on good motorways with differen- barriers with the depth of more than To avoid moving in the water tail of
tial locked reduces power train 0.5 m is inadmissible. Driving into the cars ahead of you increase the
mechanical life, increases tire water and wading must be per- distance and reduce driving speed.
wear and fuel consumption and formed carefully avoiding waves When driving along sidewalks in
might cause skidding when brak- rainy weather or after the rain and
formed near radiator grille as this
ing. passing puddles slow down to avoid
might cause water ingress through
As far as possible, drive at moder- under wheel water splashing over
air filter intake to the engine. This will pedestrians.
ate and constant speed. Brick accel-
inevitably bring the engine out of
eration and deceleration and driving
at high speed leads to excess fuel operation.
flow. Moreover, fuel waste is also Take special heed in the first min-
caused by low tire pressure, worn out utes of raining as wetted dust on the
or fouled spark plugs, using engine road pavement forms slippery film
oil with higher viscosity than recom- sharply reducing tyre grip on the
mended. road.
31
BRAKING AND PARKING When stopping on up-grade or on braking and failure of main ABS func-
down grade engage parking brake tion ensures an optimum ration of
and first or reversing gear respec- front and rear wheel brake forces.
Brake system design ensures tively.
effective braking. However, try to To prevent freeze-in of the brake ATTENTION!
perform smooth and moderate brak- pads to the drums after driving on To avoid restriction of ABS per-
ing in all instances avoiding abrupt wet roads with wide fluctuations in formability do not fit the car with
deceleration. temperature do not leave the car on tyres of different size.
Do not turn ignition off and do not outdoor parking ground with parking
get the key out of the ignition switch brake engaged without having dried In emergency braking, apply the
when the car is moving. With engine the brakes by regular smooth brak-
brake pedal as fast as possible with
stalled a higher force needs to be ing when driving to parking area.
maximum force and hold it pressed
applied to the brake pedal to decel-
up to the end of braking. Do not
erate the car. Besides, when the key ABS Antilock Brake System
release the brake pedal even when
is out the steering shaft is locked
car movement direction is changing
with antitheft system and the car In option design versions the
at braking.
becomes unsteered. cars are fitted with antilock brake
In case of breakdown of one of the system (ABS) which prevent wheel
WARNING!
brake system circuits car decelera- locking at braking thereby ensuring
tion is provided by the second brake that guided movement trajectory and Cadence braking (brake pedal
circuit. As this takes place, brake minimum length of brake path are releasing an repeated pressing)
pedal travel increases and braking maintained in virtually any road con- increases the length of the brake
efficiency is reduced which at first ditions. However, braking on a road path of cars with ABS.
instant you may take for complete with loose pavement (gravel, sand,
brake failure. In this case do not non-compacted snow) may cause ABS function at braking comes in
release the pedal and do not press some longer brake path as com- starting with a speed of more than
the pedal repeatedly; this will only pared to braking in the same condi- 8 km/h and is accompanied with
increase the length of the brake path; tions with the wheels locked. slight pulsation of the brake pedal
instead, press the pedal until you ABS also performs additional and characteristic noise of ABS actu-
reach maximum possible braking function of brake force distribution ator gears. ABS ceases operation
effect. electronic control which at service when car speed drops to 3 km/h.
32
WARNING! CAR TOWING OPERATION OF A NEW CAR
ABS indicator lighting evi-
When you need to tow your car fix During making the first 2000 km of
dences ABS function failure mileage:
the towrope only at specially
except for self-testing mode designed front 1 (Fig. 23) or rear 2 1. Do not exceed speed values
when turning on ignition. In this tow eyes. specified in Table 1.
case operation of brake hydraulic 2. Do not tow trailer and car with-
Before towing put the key in the out extreme necessity.
drive is not impaired. Simul- ignition switch to 0 and turn off 3. Such driving manners as abrupt
taneous glowing of ABS light indi- light signaling according to traffic takeoff including with parking brake
cator and brake force distribution regulations. When towing see to it engaged, turning with wheel spin-
electronic control indicator evi- that towrope is kept tense. Besides, ning at maximum engine speed is
dences failure of all ABS func- note that the vacuum brake booster inadmissible as this causes dam-
performs its function only when age of differential.
tions except for self-testing 4. Do not allow overheated engine
engine is running. Therefore, when
mode when turning on ignition. In running (threshold is 115 0).
braking apply much more force to
this case early locking of rear the brake pedal. 5. Before the end of brake pad
wheels is possible at braking and Perform car towing smoothly run-in period (during 3000 km of
dangerous skidding. In both without jerks and sharp turns. mileage) relative difference in brake
forces of rear axle wheels when
cases the failure must be elimi- measured to methods in line with
nated by LADA dealer as soon as GOST R 51709-2001 standard must
possible. not exceed 35%.

Auxiliary braking system

Cars with ABS are equipped with


vacuum brake booster and auxiliary
braking system which identifies the
need in emergency braking by rapid
applying the brake pedal and auto-
matically provides maximum braking
efficiency throughout the time when
the brake pedal is pressed. Fig. 23. Tow eyes

5 . . LADA 4x4, . . 33
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS Ta b l e 1
IN CAR OPERATION NEW CAR MAXIMUM SPEEDS, km/h

The car is easily steered has high Gear


Mileage,
dynamic and speed performance on km first second third fourth fifth
highway and also high cross-country
capacity in conditions of wet dirt 0500 20 40 60 80 90
roads, sand and snow-covered ter- 5002000 30 50 70 90 110
rain. However, bear in mind that the
car is not designed for permanent knock out of action other parts of Fuel delivery is resumed when
operation in heavy road conditions. chassis. Therefore, driving at high engine speed is reduced.
Do not exceed loading of the car speed on such road is not recom- Operation of tires with air pressure
specified in the manual. Overload mended. values different from those recom-
leads to damage of front suspension For lubrication of units and mended leads to their early wear and
elements, bending of rear axle assemblies and charging of fuel tank deterioration in car stability and
beam, early tire wear, vibration of use materials recommended by the response.
body and loss of car stability. Weight High-performance disc-type front
manufacturer (See Appendix 1).
of cargo with luggage container brakes are applied in the car design.
Do not allow car operation with
installed on the car roof must not However, their durability is subject to
when insufficient oil pressure
exceed 50 kg without exceeding of proper maintenance do not allow
payload. indicator lamp is glowing.
accumulation of consolidated mud in
Before you switch on the wipers in Never allow engine running at
brake gears and wash after driving
cold season make sure that the wiper engine speed when tachometer on deep mud road.
brushes are not freezed to the glass. pointer is in red area of the scale. A high energy ignition system is
If this recommendation is ignored it Tachometer pointer in red area indi- installed in the car. Therefore it is
may cause not only wiper damage cates approaching engine speed to prohibited to perform engine start by
but also breakdown of their drives. maximum permissible value. If maxi- means of spark gap, disconnect
Soft suspension of the car effi- mum permissible crankshaft RPM high-tension wires on running engine
ciently absorbs oscillations at fast value is exceeded then at reaching and check high-tension circuits for
driving on a road with irregular sur- 6200 min1 ECU will start to cut off spark as it might cause burnout of
face. However, sharp knocks may fuel delivery which may cause piston high-voltage parts and ignition sys-
deform axes of lower arms and knock and jerks in care movement. tem breakdown.
34
ECU-EQUIPPED CAR the car when moving) fuel will be In the car equipped with EFI
OPERATION FEATURES ignited in the catalyst, with its system ECU contains a function of
temperature sharply increasing switching on of electric fuel pump
which causes catalyst damage. for 2 seconds when ignition is
Indicating lamp turning switched on.
Engine ECUs have catalyst mis-
on with the engine running does not Disconnection and removal of
fire protection function. CHECK
imply that the engine must be high-tension wires from ignition sys-
ENGINE indicator starts blinking
stopped immediately the ECU tem devices must be performed only
when cut-outs occur in one or two
(electronic engine control unit) has by pulling at the protective cap. Wire
cylinders, delivery of fuel is cut
backup modes enabling engine run- removal by pulling at high-tension
off to cylinders in which misfire
ning in conditions close to normal. wire is prohibited!
has been detected; after that the
However the vehicle must be taken
indicator is glowing continuously.
to LADA dealer at the earliest oppor- In occurrence of misfire immedi-
tunity to detect the cause of indicat- ate actions must be taken for its
ing lamp illumination. elimination.
In ECU-equipped car with cataly- For vehicles equipped with cat-
tic converter and oxygen sensor, the alysts cranking by towing is only
engine operates properly on condi- allowed with cold engine. It is
tion that unleaded gasoline only is preferable to start the engine
used. Leaded gasoline will soon with another cars battery using
knock these elements out of action auxiliary cables or external 12 V
which will be accompanied with current supply.
smoky exhaust fumes and sharply By no means us starter motor
increased fuel consumption. to move the car.
ATTENTION!
As the catalyst has high tempera-
Catalytic converter is a costly ture, see to it that when parking the
unit designed to provide environ- car there is no dry grass or other
ment protection. The catalyst flammable material (rags, chips etc.)
may break down, and in case of under the catalyst which is located in
misfire (piston knock and jerks of underbody area.
5* 35
Engine start
car chassis ground
with a peripheral battery

When starting the engine with a


peripheral battery the following
should be considered:
1. Auxiliary battery voltage must
be 12 V. Rated capacity difference of
the discharged car battery and
peripheral battery should not be sig-
nificant.
2. Only cables with sufficient
cross-section area (no less than 16
mm2) must be used when getting
connected to an auxiliary battery. Fig. 24. Auxiliary battery
connection diagram
Cable connection procedure is
following:
First connect one cable end to
positive pole of discharged battery
(Fig. 24), then the other end of
the cable to positive pole of auxiliary
battery . Then connect the end
of the second cable to negative pole
of external battery and the other one
to car chassis ground as shown in
Fig. 24.

36
Fig. 25. Interior ventilation and heating controls

37
PASSENGER COMPARTMENT through central nozzles 5 direct- Heating of passenger
VENTILATION AND HEATING ly from air intake box when the car is compartment
CONTROL moving if nozzle flaps are opened
with slides 3 (summer blowing). Air For heating of interior and
flow direction from the nozzle is defrosting and demisting of wind-
changed by moving arm slide 4 hori- screen, door windows and rear win-
zontally and vertically. Arm slide 8 dow:
being middle position and slide 7 in move arm slides 6 and 8 right;
extreme right position the air will set arm slide 7 to middle posi-
come both through nozzles 1 and 2. tion;
When driving at low speed it is possi- open heater cover with arm 10;
ble to increase amount of incoming turn on heater fan if necessary
Interior ventilation and heating is
with arm 12;
regulated based on outer air temper- air by turning on of heater fan with
turn on rear window defrosting
ature. switch.
with switch 11.
Warm air will be directed both
Interior ventilation Windscreen, door windows
driver and passenger feet area and
and rear window demisting windscreen and front door window
Outer air may come to car interior glasses. For fast defrosting of just
via open door windows; To provide demisting of wind- windscreen close heater cover with
through nozzles 2 (Fig. 25) of screen and door windows it is suffi- arm 10 and move arm slide 7 right.
windscreen blowing if distribution cient to direct air flow at them, for
arm slide 8 and arm slide 7 of air this
intake flap control are moved right; close heater cover with arm 10;
via door window blow side noz- move arm slide 8 right and set
zles 1 if arm slide 7 is moved right arm slide 7 to middle position;
and slide 8 moved left; turn heater fan on if necessary.
through holes 9 of heater hous- If incoming air needs heating
ing to driver and front passenger feet slightly move arm slide 6 of heater
area, if heater cover is opened with valve control partially to the right.
arm 10 and arm slide 7 is moved For rear window demisting turn on
right; its electric heater with switch 11.
38
INTERIOR LIGHTING LADA 4x4 Urban
VEHICLE VERSION

Vehicle description

Courtesy lights 1 (Fig. 26) are LADA 4x4 Urban are equipped
turned on automatically at door with specific units and systems to
opening they are arranged in B-pil- ensure the enhanced comfort for
lars. Interior lighting with the doors driver and passengers. The key
closed is turned on by pressing information about the car is given in
1 2
switch key 2. the LADA 4x4 operating manual.
Study the operating manual and this Fig. 27
addendum carefully prior to opera-
tion.
Outer mirrors with electric drive

INTERIOR EQUIPMENT Outer mirrors are equipped with


electric drive. Mirrors control unit
Interior lamp (Fig. 28) is located on the floor cover
trim (Fig. 29). Selection of the
adjustable mirror is performed by
Interior lamp (Fig. 27) includes the shifting the switch 1 to the fixed posi-
section of individual lighting of dri- tions (right/left), corresponding to
ver's and front passenger's seats the adjustment of right/left mirror.
and the section of general lighting of Selection of the optimal position
interior. Left and right sections of the
of mirrors is performed by inclination
individual lightning are switched
on/off by pressing the left 1 or the of the joystick disk 2 in four direc-
right 2 button respectively. tions: up/down/right/left.
Outer rear-view mirrors are with
Fig. 26. Interior lighting electric heating activated simultane-
ously with the tailgate glass heating.

39
braking take care to prevent the
overflowing of liquid from con-
tainer located in the glass holder.
If liquid is hot there is a danger
of burning and/or overflowing of
liquid.
2
Window lifters

Powered window lifters are used


1 for lifting and lowering of doors win-
dows. You can lower or lift RH/LH
door window at the required level by
lifting or lowering of the front arm of
2/3 switches located on the floor
1 2 3
Fig. 28 tunnel cover trim (Fig. 29). After the
cessation of pressing the button is Fig. 29
ATTENTION! stopped automatically in the central
position and the window stops at any dows, especially if there are chil-
Folding of outer mirror if not selected position. dren in the car. Make sure that the
necessary is not recommended. Windows get lowered not com- lifting window pinches nothing. In
pletely. It is due to the design of win- case of pinching stop lifting the
Glass holder dow lifters and is not a defect. window immediately and activate
its lowering.
WARNING!
There is a space 1 for glasses Car driver is fully responsible
or ashtray on the floor tunnel cover It is possible to pinch fingers for the wrong usage of powered
trim located in between front seats and other parts of body while windows. He should notify the
(Fig. 29). closing of windows with powered passengers about the usage rules
lifters that can lead to serious and worn about dangers occurred
WARNING! injury. That is why be careful in case of wrong usage of pow-
When turning, accelerating or when using the powered win- ered windows.
40
Don't let children to use pow- Vehicle towing
ered windows switches! (version LADA 4x4 Urban only)
When leaving the car it is oblig- 1
atory to take the ignition key out Vehicle is completed by movable
from the switch to turn off the tow device 2, which is mounted
powered windows and prevent through special access holes 1 and 4
accidental injury of passengers in front and rear bumpers (Fig. 31).
left in the car. Don't put hands For mounting of towing eye,
and other parts of body out of the take out the plug 1 from front
open windows, prevent children bumper (4 from rear bumper), by
from doing it. Fig. 30 inserting of screwdriver with flat
blade into the groove under cover.
WARNING!
Screw the towing eye 2 until stop,
In case of operating the car at Steering wheel first by hand and then by combina-
low speed (eg. when moving with modified design tion wrench 3.
slowly in the city, when driving at After the towing, the detachable
short distances or in the traffic Horn towing eye should be unscrewed and
jam) as well as at the engine idle kept together with combination
run you should turn the power Vehicle is equipped with steering wrench 3.
consumers off for example outer wheel with horn switches 1 (Fig. 30) Fixing port is designed only for
mirrors and rear window heating, which are located left side and right towing; never use it for lifting of vehi-
if possible to reduce the dis- side from the steering wheel center. cle, directly or indirectly.
charge of the battery.
ATTENTION!
For towing follow recommen-
dations provided in basic Manual.
In all cases the recommended
speed during towing is not higher
than 25 km/h.

41
Spare wheel
(version LADA 4x4 Urban only)

. 32

Vehicle is completed by cast


Fig. 31 wheel disks and has a spare wheel
with built-up steel disc.
Wheel dimension Air pressure in tyres, Ma
Tyre dimension with (kgs/cm2) In case when cast wheels and
bearing capacity index spare wheel have different rim offset,
and speed index* rim offset,
rim width ()**, mm front wheels rear wheels
the stamped wheel can be used
Basic wheel with cast disc together with cast wheels only for a
185/75 R16 92Q 95T 6J162 40 or 58 0,21 (2,1) 0,19 (1,9) short time. In this case the maximum
Temporary spare wheel
speed limit will be 80 km/h. Spare
wheel disc has information plate 1,
185/75 R16 92Q 95T 5J 58 0,21 (2,1) 0,19 (1,9)
for admitted maximum speed
* Speed index: Q under 160 km/h, under 190 km/h (except for temporary wheel with information 80 km/h (Fig. 32).
plate on allowed maximum speed 80 km/h). Size of rim offset () is indicated
Bearing capacity indices: 92 630 kg, 95 690 kg.
** Rim offset () space between mating face of disc to rim middle. on inner side of cast wheel rung.

42
Fig. 33. Exterior dimensions for LADA 4x4 Urban

43
ATTENTION! WARNING! Refit of fuses

With mounted temporary spare Dont use nuts intended for Additional power consuming de-
wheel, which is with rim offset stamped wheels for adjustment vices in LADA 4x4 Urban are protect-
and differs from other wheels, in a of cast wheels. Nuts intended for ed by fuses, positioned in standard
fitting of cast wheels have a fuse panels. List of additional circuits
vehicle running with speed above
thrust land. Such nuts are allowed is provided by Table 1. List of basic
80 km/h, stability and controll-
for temporary wheel mounting. circuits is given in Operation Manual
ability get worse, which can lead for LADA 44.
to accident. After fixing of tempo- Type and nominal amount
rary spare wheel it is necessary of coolant in conditioner
to take measures for quick repair
of standard wheel with cast disk Coolant (type/filled amount,
and fitting it in a vehicle. kg).............R134 / 0,4
Remember, that operation of
Table 1
vehicle with wheels having differ-
ADDITIONAL CIRCUITS, PROTECTED BY FUSES
ent rim offset and mounted to the
same axle, forbidden by Traffic Fuse Protected circuit
code.
Basic panel
A wheel with cast disk is not
intended for housing under hood. 1 (16)* Front power windows.
Side mirrors electric drive
It is forbidden to transport dam-
aged wheel with cast disk on the 2 (16)** Electric ventilator of climate control, conditioner compressor
storing place for spare wheel. 9 (16)* Side mirror heaters
During delivering of damaged
10 (16)* Central roof lighting
wheel to repair station place it in
rear trunk. After removal of spare Additional panel
wheel fasten the belts for wheel 15 (16)* Electric ventilator of climate control, conditioner compressor
fixation in engine section, in order
to avoid contact of belts with * For LADA 4x4 URBAN.
moving parts of engine. ** For LADA 4x4 with conditioner.

44
CAR MAINTENANCE CRANKCASE OIL LEVEL
AND ROUTINE REPAIRS

With the engine running,


This section gives brief descrip- crankcase oil consumption is com-
tion of some types of activities on car mon phenomenon. Amount of oil
maintenance and routine repairs. Fig. 34. Oil level check in crankcase consumed depends on driving style
Comprehensive process of main- and defined by engine load and
tenance, repair and disposal activi- crankshaft rotational frequency. Oil
ties are available at LADA dealer boot or cap must be replaced with a consumption is somewhat higher in
enterprise which is also equipped new one and adjust the twisted one. initial period of operation. Therefore,
with special equipment and tools. In In condition of permanent car regularly, especially before long trips
view of this and to provide high qual- operation in highly dusted areas air it is necessary to check oil level in the
ity maintenance work it is recom- filter element must be changed two crankcase.
mended to have the car serviced and times as frequently as specified in Oil level is checked when the
repaired by LADA dealer. After thor- the service book. engine is cold and not running, the
ough car washing regularly check car on a flat surface. The oil level
condition of protective rubber boots must be between marks MIN and
of front wheel drive joints, spherical MAX of oil gage 1 (Fig. 34). Oil
joints and also protective caps of refilling, if necessary, is performed
steering link joints. Damaged or through filler closed with plug 2.
twisted boot or cap will cause ingress After refilling, oil level must be
of dust, water and dirt to the joint checked no earlier than in three min-
which result in their early wear and utes to allow the added oil portion
destruction. Therefore, damaged drain to the crankcase.
45
For correct measuring of oil level COOLANT LEVEL
insert oil gage 1 into locating hole as
far as will go.

ATTENTION!
Excess of oil level in crankcase
over MAX mark of oil gage 1 is
inadmissible in order to prevent
oil surge through crankcase ven- Coolant level must not be more
tilation system. Oil will hit com- than 40 mm higher than MIN mark
bustion chamber and be dis- applied on the semitransparent tank
Fig. 35. Expansion tank
charged in the air with exhaust body (Fig. 35).
gases. In cars equipped with ca- Level check and opening of tank
talytic converters oil combustion plug for coolant replenishing is per-
products might put the catalyst formed only with cold engine. After
out of operation. charging the tank with coolant the
plug must be screwed home tightly
to exclude ingress of dust.

ATTENTION!
To avoid burns do not open
radiator plug of engine cooling
system when cooling fluid is hot.

In cases when fluid level is con-


stantly goes down and it has to be
replenished, check cooling system
for leaks and have the fault eliminat-
ed by LADA dealer.

46
BRAKE FLUID LEVEL the tank also do not miss to check
proper operation of brake fluid alarm
level sensor for which purpose press
central part of sensor protective cap
from above in ignition switched off
condition Brake failure indicator
red light must be on in the instrument
cluster.
Brake fluid level in combined tank During car operation give special
1 (Fig. 36) of brake and clutch attention to condition of flexible
hydraulic drive mounted on main Fig. 36. Brake and clutch hoses as they are exposed to water,
brake cylinder is checked visually by hydraulic drive tank dirt, sand and salt. In case of minor
marks applied on the tank body of cracks detected on hose outer coat
semitransparent plastic. With remo- or occurrence of swelling when
ved cover 2, sensor 3 of brake fluid applying brake pedal the hose needs
alarm level and new brake shoe pads Brake failure indicator (refer to to be replaced with a new one.
the level of brake fluid must be at Instrument cluster section) is on It is necessary to change brake
MAX mark. Upon fitting of cover 2 s when brake fluid level in the tank fluid in the system after three years
and sensor 3 the level of brake fluid drops below MIN mark which, with of operation because it absorbs
must be at lower edge of tank filler partially worn or new shoe pads, is moisture from environment which
neck. If brake and clutch hydraulic indicative of loss of tightness and results in reduction of its boiling
drive is in good order, then fluid level fluid leak in the system. In this case temperature. Moreover, water con-
drop in the tank is due to wear of replenish the fluid only after having tained in the fluid may cause corro-
brake shoe pads. Fluid level drop to system tightness restored by LADA sion of parts of working brake sys-
MIN mark indirectly evidences dealer. With loss of tightness in tem. When bleeding air from the
their extreme wear. In this case it is clutch hydraulic drive Brake failure brakes do not allow dropping of
necessary to check condition of indicator is not switched on because brake fluid level below MIN mark;
pads rather than add brake fluid to separation of clutch hydraulic drive when bleeding of air from clutch
the tank because with new brake circuit and brake hydraulic drive cir- hydraulic drive do not allow dropping
shoes installed the level of fluid in the cuit is performed above MIN mark. of brake fluid level to 15-17 mm
tank will rise to normal. When checking brake fluid level in below MAX mark.
47
WARNING! HYDRAULIC POWER STEERING
Brake fluid is toxic! Therefore,
it has to be stored in tightly
closed containers and beyond the
reach of children.
Do not allow ingress of brake fluid
to body paint coating this may
damage the coating.
In option design version, a
To ensure proper operation of
socket is provided for connection of
hydraulic power steering (installed
extension lamp on the bracket of
in option design version) it is nec-
brake and clutch hydraulic drive
tank. essary to check routinely fluid level in
steering booster tank 2 (Fig. 37). Fig. 37. Fluid level check
With cold hydraulic pump, engine not in hydraylic power steering tank
running, fluid level must be between
two notches of indicator in tank
cover 1. Fluid level drop evidences
system seal failure and needs WARNING!
mandatory checking and leak elimi-
Hydraulic power steering has
nation at loose connection points
been charged with Pentosin
which has to be performed by LADA
Hydraulik Fluid CHF 11S-TL
dealer. VW52137.
Noise from overflow valve opera- When performing system
tion may occur at steering wheel end maintenance and repair it is pro-
positions. This is not a defect. Once hibited to use other fluids and mix
the steering wheel is brought to mid- them with the above fluid.
dle position the overflow valve is Elimination of faults and fluid
switched off and the noise disap- refilling must be performed only
pears. by LADA dealer.
48
BATTERY ELECTROLYTE LEVEL Spyhole is black it is neces-
sary to charge the battery;
Spyhole is white electrolyte
You should check the level of the level is too low.
electrolyte in the storage battery reg- If the battery has no spyhole,
ularly. The electrolyte level must the charging status can be deter-
be between MIN and marks mined by measuring voltage on bat-
(Fig. 38) on the semi-transparent bat- tery terminals: voltage (with no load)
tery case. It is prohibited to use bat- must be not less than 12.6 V (which
tery when the electrolyte level is corresponds to 75% of charge at
below the line with mark MIN. temperature 25).
If there are no MIN and You should regularly check the
marks on the battery case, or is the charging status of the storage bat-
battery case is opaque, then the tery in the following cases:
electrolyte level should be 10-15 mm Fig. 38. Storage battery
l If you use your car mostly for
over the separators top border. short city drives.
WARNING! l If you use your car with ambient
low (below -30) it is recommended
temperature below 0C. Battery
Due to the fact that the elec- to dismount the battery from the
capacity decreases at low tempera-
trolyte is a corrosive fluid and its vehicle and store it in a warm place.
tures. In cold seasons switch on only
impact harmful for You and the
those electric devices that are really ATTENTION!
vehicle components, it is advis-
necessary. Never remove the storage bat-
able to carry out the storage bat-
l If you plugged to the vehicle
tery maintenance at the certified tery terminals with the ignition
electric circuit any number of perma- on, as this can cause errors in the
SSNEs.
nent electric consumer devices, EECS controller operation or lead
Do not let the battery run low and e.g. clock or any other accessories to failures of electrical products.
recharge it when necessary. installed at aftersales service.
If the storage battery has elec- l If your car is parked for a pro- Keep a continual watch on the
trolyte density and level indicator longed time. In this case it is recom- cleanliness of terminals and storage
(spyhole), then the battery status mended to disconnect the battery battery clamps and check them for
can be determined by its colour: from the vehicle power system by reliable connection. Remember that
Spyhole is green electrolyte disconnecting the clamps. If the terminals and clamps corrosion as
level and density are normal; ambient temperature is extremely well as their poor connection can
49
cause sparking in the poor contact WARNING!
location, which can lead to the vehi- Disconnection and removal of
cle electronic equipment failure. high-tension wires from ignition
Generator operability check by
system elements must be per-
removing the storage battery clamps
with the engine running is also not formed only by pulling at the pro-
allowed. tective cap. Wire removal by
During the storage battery instal- pulling at high-tension wire is pro-
lation in the vehicle, make sure that hibited.
the wires are connected in accor-
dance with the storage battery polar-
ity indicated on their lugs and termi-
WASHING FLUIDS Fig. 39. Windscreen
nals (the positive terminal is bigger and headlamp washer tank
than the negative one).
During the storage battery charge It is recommended to charge
directly in the vehicle, be sure to dis- wash tanks of rear window, wind-
connect it from the vehicle power screen and headlamp with mixture of
system. water and special glass detergent
fluid specified in the mixture pack-
ing. Clean water may be used in
SPARK PLUGS AND OTHER warm season.
IGNITION SYSTEM ELEMENTS Before the next regular replenish-
ment of windscreen and headlamp
Spark plugs do not require main- wash tank 1 (Fig. 39) check and
tenance during time interval between clean, if necessary, filter mesh under
replacements. Keep the plugs pro- cover 2.
tected from impacts and mechanical For rear window glass washer,
unscrew plug 1 (Fig. 40) of washer Fig. 40. Rear window
damages. Additional replacement of glass washer tank
plugs is allowable. tank and add the fluid.
Keep high-tension wires clean
and securely connected with spark
plugs and ignition coil.
50
TIRE SERVICING Ta b l e 2

TIRE PRESSURE

Wheel size Tire pressure, MPa (kgf/m2)


Regularily check tire pressure with Tire sizes with load
a pressure gauge (refer to Table 2). and speed capacity
indices* rim overhang,
Operation of tires with air pressure rim width front wheels rear wheels
()**, mm
differing from recommended value Set by the manufacturer
leads to their early wear, and also
185/75 R16 92Q 95 5J *** 58*** 0,21 (2,1) 0,19 (1,9)
impairs car stability and drivability.
When continuous pressure drop is Admissible to set during operation
observed in the tire check for air leak 175/80 R16 88Q 5J, 5 1/2 J 4858 0,21 (2,1) 0,19 (1,9)
through tire valve core (inside). In 195/70R15 92Q, T 5 1/2 J, 6J 45 0,19 (1,9)
case of air leak tighten up the tire
205/70R15 95Q, S, T 6J, 6 1/2 J 40 0,19 (1,9)
valve core, and if this does not solve
the problem replace it with a new
one. * Speed indices: Q up to 160 km/h, S up to 180 km/h, T up to 190 km/h.
Bearing capacity indices: 85 515 kg, 88 560 kg, 92 630 kg, 95 690 kg.
If air pressure drops with a good
** Rim overhang () distance from disc mating (joint) face to rim center.
valve core the tire needs repairing. *** In operation, it is allowable to install wheels with rim width of 51/2 J and ET of 4858 mm.
To avoid damaging of tire sealing Winter tires (M+S) of above oliminsions can be used with Q index with limited vehicle driving
layer perform its removal and mount- speed (<160 km/h).
ing using special attachments or
have it done by LADA dealer. To avoid
wheel misbalance before flanging,
make a mark on the tire with a chalk
opposite the valve and then set the
tire to this mark when mounting it.
After mounting of new tires be
sure to have the wheels balanced by
LADA dealer.
51
WHEELS CHANGING

ATTENTION!
If you have a puncture immediate-
ly replace the wheel.
The wheel replacement is a dan-
gerous thing. The vehicle could fall
Fig. 41. Rotation pattern off the jack and cause serious injury.
Strictly follow the instructions.
Never get under the car, raised on
the jack.
Fig. 42. Lifting the car when
The jack is designed for the wheels replacing wheels
replacement in case of emergency on
To ensure even tire wear change the car Lada 4x4 (2121) only.
the position of the wheels as shown Before use, check the jack for
in Fig. 41 following service book damage.
instructions. When driving the car You can use the jack for the vehi-
avoid wheel rubbing against road cle standing in level position only.
curbs and driving fast on road with For the wheels changing:
damaged pavement (bumps, pits, pull the car off the road and
hollows etc.) as damaged rim might place it on a level nonslip and stable
result in leakage of tubeless tires as ground. Put the car in reverse or the
well as its misbalance. In case of first gear, apply parking brake;
vibrations occurring during car activate the hazard light and set
movement check wheel balancing. the alarm triangle;
ask the passengers to leave the
vehicle interior and stay away from
the traffic area;
prepare the jack, tools and Fig. 43. Laying and fixing
replacement wheel; of jack and spare wheel

52
slacken every wheel nut of the
affected wheel one turn with the
wheel brace1 (Fig. 42); set the brace
so that the force which applied to its
arm, was down-directed;
if the ground is soft, preset a
strong pad (a piece of board) under
the jack pad; insert the jack 3 com-
pletely in bracket 2 and turn the han-
dle 4 until the wheel would be raised
a few inches above the bearing area;
fully unscrew the wheel nuts and Fig. 44. Lamp Fig. 45. Rear light
lift the wheel;
fit the spare wheel and tighten
the wheel nuts uniformly; Improperly tightened nuts can cause REPLACING LAMP
lower the vehicle and remove the wheel wobbling, and at worst
the jack; loosening, which could lead to an When replacing lamps use lamps
tighten the wheel nuts uniformly, accident. specified in Appendix 2. To replace a
check and top up the tire pressure; lamp in the headlamp, remove
stow the jack and the replaced NOTE screws 1 (Fig. 44) retaining decora-
wheel into the car, as shown in Fig. 43, Jack cant be disposed of in the tive facing 2 of radiator and remove
and fasten them with elastic straps 1. trash, it can be utilized with your car the facing, loosen retaining screws 3
Fix the wheel with the screw 2; or be driven it to a local receiving of optic element rim, turn the rim
address to the nearest service point for scrap. anticlockwise and remove it. Remove
station to check wheel nuts tighten- optic element 4, remove the block,
ing and repair (if possible) of the move spring catch tongues out of
damaged tire. slots and remove the lamp.
To replace a lamp in the rear light,
RECOMMENDATION remove a plastic plug on the inside of
After 50 kilometers tighten the luggage compartment, detach the
wheel nuts with the required torque. block from socket 3 (Fig. 45),
53
Fig. 46. Licence plate light

Fig. 48. Instrument cluster

To replace a lamp in the licence the burned-out lamp down, turn anti-
plate light, it is necessary on the inside clockwise and remove it from the
of licence plate pad push down the receptacle.
cover with LADA 4x4 and precisely, A burned-out light bulb in side
overcoming resistance of plastic turn indicator is replaced after
snaps, remove it. Then, through holes removing receptacle with the lamp
in licence plate pad remove light on engine bay side.
retaining screws 1 (Fig. 46), take the To replace indicating lamps 1
light out of the socket and remove the (Fig. 48) and lamps 2 of instrument
Fig. 47. Interior light lens 2. To replace burned-out lamp 2 cluster lighting remove the board
(Fig. 47) in interior light 1, smoothly and screws retaining it at eyes 4.
squeeze catches 2 of base 1 and pull it on. The interior light is retained in Then pull on the instrument cluster
remove it in assembly with lamps. B-pillar groove with two springs 3. To and disconnect wire harnesses from
Then push the lamp down, turn it replace the lamp in the front light turn blocks 3. Turn the bulb to be
anticlockwise and remove from the the receptacle anticlockwise on replaced anticlockwise and take it
socket. engine bay side and remove it, push out from the receptacle.
54
REPLACEMENT OF FUSES

The fuses are inserted in two


blocks (Fig. 49) and retained in them
with spring contacts. Circuits pro-
tected with them are specified in
table 3.
In case of repeated burnout of a
fuse apply to LADA dealer for trou-
bleshooting to investigate what Fig. 49. Fuses Fig. 50. Additional fuses
caused its fusing.
Installing a homemade jumper or
a fuse of a different current rating in
replacement of a burned-out fuse is
prohibited.
Fused are not designed to protect
circuits of ignition, engine starting,
alternator (except for drive winding),
dimlight relay, high beam relay.
Cars with ECU have an additional
block of fuses (Fig. 50) on left side
frontage under instrument panel to
protect fuel injection elements.
A faulty fuse is detected via out-of-
work circuits protected with it,
according to 4.
55
Ta b l e 3
CIRCUITS PROTECTED WITH FUSES

Fuse No. Circuit protected


Main block
1 (16) Heater fan electric motor
Rear window defrosting relay (winding)
Electric motors of rear window wiper and washer
Windscreen washer electric motor
2 (8) Windscreen wiper relay and electric motor
Turn indicator lamp and flasher and emergency signaling (in turn indicating mode)
Turn indicators signaling lamp
Rear lights (reversing light lamps)
Alternator excitating winding (at engine start)
Signaling lamp of differential locking in transfer case
Parking brake signaling lamp
Signaling limp of working brake system emergency state
Insufficient oil pressure signaling lamp
Engine cooling system temperature gage
Fuel-level gage with fuel reserve check lamp
Charge control lamp
Tachometer
3 (8) LH headlamp (high beam)
High beam indicator lamp
4 (8) RH headlamp (high beam)
5 (8) LH headlamp (dimlight)
6 (8) RH headlamp (dimlight)
7 (8) LH side light (marker light)
LH rear light (marker light)
Licence plates lights
Signaling lamp of marker light turnon
8 (8) LH side light (marker light)
LH rear light (marker light)
Instrument illuminating light
Heater control arms highlighting
Cigarette lighter light lamp
Spotlamps of switches

56
Table 3 continued

Fuse No. Circuit protected

9 (16) Turn indicators and flasher or turn indicators and emergency signaling in emergency signaling condition
Rear window heating element and its switching relay (contacts)
10 (16) Motor horn (auto-alarm)
Interior lighting bulb bowls
Rear lights (stop-lamps)
Additional block
11 (8) Backup
12 (8) Backup
13 (8) Foglamps, rear foglight relay
14 (16) Cigarette lighter
15 (16) Backup
16 (8) Backup

Ta b l e 4

Fuse No. Circuit protected

1 (7,5A) Control unit


2 (15) lectric fuel pump relay (contacts)
Electric fuel pump
3 (15A) Main relay
4,5 (30) Electric fans relay (winding) (RH, LH)
Electric motors of electric fans (RH, LH)

57
BODY coating do not remove dust and dirt design, technical condition of
with dry wiping material. It is recom- brushes and severity of your car
mended to wash the car with low paint coating exposure to washing.
head water jet before the dirt gets
dry with the use of a soft sponge and In summer wash your car in the
applying automotive washing sham- open air and in the shade. If it is
poos which form films protecting the impossible wipe the washed and wet
surface against environmental expo- surfaces dry immediately after wash-
The body represents a basic and sures. ing as water drops form stains on
the most expensive car element. It is painted surface when drying out in
fabricated from advanced materials ATTENTION! the sun. In winter, after washing the
and corrosion-protected with high- car in a heated space wipe dry the
Do not wash the car with soda
end protection means. Basis for anti- car body and seals before driving
and alkaline solutions nor with
corrosion protection life has been set out as freezing of remaining drops
waste/sewage waters or other flu-
by the manufacturer; however, paint might form cracks on paint coat and
ids not designed for car washing.
coats and other protective coating freezing-in of seals to body.
are susceptible to natural ageing and
wear. Effectiveness of anticorrosion Fix the drains of doors and sills
before car washing. ATTENTION!
protection and its durability depend
on climatic, environmental, opera- Do nor wash the car with
tion, storage, maintenance and care ATTENTION! ignition switched on.
conditions and timeliness of preven- Due to variety of jet washer
tive measures taken. brush unit designs available on When washing the car avoid
Avoid excessive forces applied or the servicing market car wash direct water jet hitting electric equip-
uncontrolled movements of doors, with brush jet washers may lead ment parts, electronic devices, sen-
bonnet and trunk lids leading to to loss of paint coating glossiness sors and connectors in the engine
damages and/or attritions of doors and impairing of its protective bay. Look after condition of protec-
and body for which the manufacturer properties. Therefore, it is advis- tive boots covering detachable con-
is not held responsible. To avoid able that you preliminarily inquire nections of electronic blocks and
scratches appearing on body paint washing machine operator about sensors. In case of moisture ingress
58
blow the connectors with com- for long. If you fail to take timely In the course of car operation
pressed air and treat them with measures to eliminate corrosion under body coating and paint coat
repellent to protect contacts from processes on the body the manu- on front and rear lower fenders is
oxidizing. facturer bears no responsibility exposed to abrasive wear caused by
Carefully wash hemming areas of gravel, sand and salt. This exposure
for further body condition of your
doors, bonnet, trunk lid, weld seams results in abrasion of seal and primer,
car. bear metal surfaces get rusty.
and connections of engine bay, trunk
Therefore, routinely check condition
and door openings as dirt accumu- To enhance corrosion resistance of coatings and timely restore dam-
lated in these locations will lead to of the body special anticorrosion aged areas.
destruction of protective-decorative agent is applied in closed box-type To keep painted surfaces glossy
coating and corrosion of metal. hollows of sills, longitudinal mem- (especially for the cars laid up in the
bers, crossmembers and other open air) regularly polish them with
ATTENTION! polishing pastes. These pastes cover
underbody elements. During car
When signs of corrosion micro cracks and pores appearing in
operation it is necessary to have the
appear (including those in weld paint coating during car operation
body provided with anticorrosion
seams and joints) and also deteri- which prevents corrosion occur-
treatment by LADA dealer during the rence under paint layer.
oration of paint coat (splits,
first year of operation and routinely To keep body surface shiny for
scratches, abrasions) and other
once a year following a process long, do not leave the car continu-
protecting coatings (splitting and
developed by the manufacturer. ously exposed to the sun and also
abrasion of seal and primer) it is
avoid exposure body surface to
necessary to apply to LADA deal-
ATTENTION! acids, soda solutions, brake fluid and
er to take actions toward elimina-
gasoline.
tion of further corrosion develop- Exhaust system must be
To prevent stains forming on the
ment, restoration and repair of checked after body treatment
paint coating under fuel tank cover
paint and protective coatings. with anticorrosion agent by LADA after ingress of gasoline wipe the
Timely taken measures against dealer (catalyst, main and auxil- surface of with clean rags before and
corrosion process developing on iary muffler) for absence of resid- after refueling. In view of bad envi-
the body and other car parts will ual agent on the above mentioned ronmental situation in some regions
extend its life and keep vendibility parts to prevent inflammation. there are cases of aggressive action
59
of individual components of environ- CAR LAYING-UP When laying-up the car in vehicle
ment on car protective-and-decora- shed for winter you should remove
tive coatings. These attacks are evi- the battery and store it separately;
dent as rust-coloured scatter, local drain water from window washer
colour variation of paint top coats, tanks.
local deterioration of body enamel
When preparing the car to laying-
coating. Rust-coloured scatter oc-
up for long period:
currence is caused by deposition of
1. Wash the car and wipe the body
minute particles of metal dust sus- During car operation give much
dry. Apply preservative on the body.
pended in the air on horizontal body attention to car storage conditions. 2. Discharge the battery com-
surfaces which gets stuck to the The most optimal conditions for car pletely.
body with corrosion products during storage are: Car maintenance during laying-up
moistening with dew. Rust-coloured vehicle shed where temperature (one or two times a month) amounts
scatter can be removed with 5% and humidity correspond to environ- to the following: start and run the
solution of ethane diacide with addi- mental parameters, continuous air engine for 1-2 minutes having taken
tion of a detergent and copious sub- movement is available and the car is care about exhaust venting, check
sequent washing with clean water. not exposed to insolation and precip- operation capability of the systems
Local colour variations (stains) of itations; and signaling devices, turn the
pain top coat and local deterioration heated space (individual engine off.
of body enamel coating result from garage) with temperature no lower
exposure to acid industrial dis- than 5 0 and relative humidity of
charges after their compounding 500%, equipped with suction-and-
with air moisture. Such attacks are exhaust ventilation.
eliminated, depending on severity, But if a heated space (individual
by polishing or repainting of the garage) has poor suction-and-
body. exhaust ventilation while the car is
Wipe plastic parts with damp rags. used in winter period or laid up after
To use gasoline or solvent for this is washing without preliminary drying,
prohibited as plastic part will lose this will multiply destructive effect on
gloss. decorative coatings/covers/trims.
60
CAR PERFORMANCE DATA

MAIN PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS AND DIMENSIONS


Car model and its versions
Parameters
VAZ-21214 VAZ-2131

Body type All-metal, unitized, three-door, All-metal, unitized, five-door,


station wagon station wagon

Layout scheme All-wheel-drive, with engine longitudinal arrangement

Number of seats, pers 4 5


Number of seats with backseats folded, pers 2 2
Unladen mass, kg 1210 1370
Authorized maximum weight (), kg 1610 1870

Road clearance at with statistics tire radius of 314 mm


(185/75R16), no less than, mm:
up to front suspension crossmember 221
up to rear axle beam 213

External minimum radius of turn at front wheel track center line, m 5,5 6,45

Full mass of trailer towed*, kg:


without brakes 300
equipped with brakes 600
Overall dimensions, mm Fig. 51 Fig. 52

* This being the case, vertical load applied to towing coupler ball must be within 2550 kg range.

61
Fig. 51. Overall dimensions of VAZ-21214 car model and its versions

62
Fig. 52. Overall dimensions of VAZ-2131 car model and its versions

63
MAIN ENGINE PARAMETERS

Engine
Performance indicators
VAZ-21214-10

Engine type 4-cylinder, in-line, 4-stroke


Engine displacement, L 1,69
Cylinder diameter and engine stroke, mm 8280
Compression ratio 9,3
Maximum power to GOST 14846 (net value), kW 59,5
Engine rotational frequency at maximum power, min 1 5000
Minimal engine rotational frequency, min1 850 30

Fuel/ignition system Electronic engine control unit (ECU) (MPFI)

CAR FUEL AND SPEED PERFORMANCE DATA

Fuel consumption
Acceleration time*
Car model Engine model Maximum speed*, km/h in combined cycle**,
to 100 km/h, s
L/100 km

VAZ-21214 VAZ-21214 142 17,0 10,8


VAZ-2131 VAZ-21214 137 19,0 10,8

* measured to specific methods.


** obtain in tests to EEC 93/116 and 99/100 Directives on dynos. Serves for comparison of different cars only and does not represent standard
good operation practice.

64
CHARGE VOLUMES

System charged Volume, L

Fuel tank (including reserve) 42 (65*)


Engine cooling system (including interior heating system) 10,7
Engine lubrication system (including oil filter) 3,75
Gearbox case 1,6
Rear-axle housing 1,3
Steering gear housing 0,18
Transfer case 0,79
Front-axle housing 1,15
Clutch hydraulic drive system 0,2
Brake hydraulic drive system 0,535
Windscreen and headlamp washer tank 2,8
Rear window washer tank 2,0
Hydraulic power steering tank 1,7

* For VAZ-2131 cars and its versions.

65
PASSPORT DETAILS letter represents the model year;
last seven numbers chassis num-
ber, for passenger car it corresponds
to body number. According to techni-
cal requirements On wheeled trans-
port safety model year is defined as
a conventional year indicated by the
manufacturer. In JSC AVTOVAZ the
A plastic identification (factory) model year starts from July, 1 of cal-
plate is installed on the vehicle endar year. So, in the period from
(Fig. 53). The numbers on plastic January, 1 till June, 30 the model
plate shall be read as follows: year corresponds to actual year of
1 vehicle designation; manufacture, and beginning from
2 engine designation; July, 1 till December, 31 corresponds
3 spare parts number; to the following year.
(Number for spare parts corre- VIN is also stamped on the right-
sponds to progressive sequence hand telescopic strut.)
number. 7 technically permissible max.
When ordering spare parts it is gross weight of vehicle;
necessary to use the information 8 technically permissible max.
containing on identification (fac- gross weight of truck and trailer;
tory) plate.) 9 technically permissible maxi-
4 manufacturer; mum permissible load on front axle;
5 EEC type-approving certificate 10 technically permissible maxi-
number; mum permissible load on rear axle.
6 identification number (VIN);
(Identification number is decoded
as follows: first three letters accord-
ing to international standards are the
code of manufacturer-plant; six fol-
lowing numbers or Latin letters car
model; the following number or Latin
66
Fig. 53. Passport details. Installation site of name plate:
21214 Side panel, RH; 2131 Side panel middle, RH

67
APPENDICES

Appendix 1

OIL AND LUBRICANTS VALIDATED AND RECOMMENDED


FOR OPERATION OF LADA 4X4 CAR AND ITS VERSIONS

MOTOR GASOLINES
Ta b l e 1

Recommended gasoline grade

Premium Euro-95 GOST R 51866

Notes: 2. It is impermissible to use gasoline grades with metal-


1. To ensure engine start and car operation at low ambient air organic antiknock agents on the basis of lead, ferrum, man-
ganese and other materials.
temperatures appropriate volatility class gasoline is to be used
3. There is no need to use supplementary additives as in par-
depending on a climate region. Requirements to volatility classes
ticular cases this might cause damage of engine and car
and seasonal application of gasoline grades for different regions
systems.
of Russian Federation are set forth in relevant standards for Independent admixture of secondary additives by car owner
combustion engine fuels. is not recommended and may initiate early termination of war-
ranty validity for some car parts and units.

68
ENFINE OILS
b l e 2

Viscosity class Group


Oil grade Manufacturer Regulatory Document
to SAE PI
LUKOUL LUX 15W-40 B5/D3 SL/CF LLC LLK-INTERNATIONAL S 00044434-003
JSC Lukoil
LUKOUL LUX 5W-30, 5W-40 B5/D3 SL/CF LLC LLK-INTERNATIONAL S 00044434-003
synthetic 10W-40 JSC Lukoil
LUKOUL LUX 5W-40, 5W-30 B6/D3 SN/CF LLC LLK-INTERNATIONAL S 00044434-003
synthetic SL/CF JSC Lukoil
ROSNEFT 5W-40, 10W-40 B5/D3 SL/CF JSC Novokuibyshevsk plant of oils U 0253-063-48120848
MAXIMUM and additives,
Novokuibyshevsk
ROSNEFT 5W-40, 10W-40 B5/D3 SL/CF JSC Angarskaya Neftechimicheskaya U 0253-391-05742746
MAXIMUM Kompania, city of Angarsk
ROSNEFT 5W-40 B6/D3 SM/CF JSC Angarskaya Neftechimicheskaya U 0253-391-05742746
PREMIUM Kompania, city of Angarsk
MAGNUM 5W-30, 5W-40 B5/D3 SL/SJ/CF LLC Lubricant materials U 0253-008-44918199
SUPER 10W-40,15W-40 city of Ryazan U 0253-025-44918199
15W-50
EXTRA 5W-30, 10W-40 B5/D3 SL/CF LLC Gaspromneft-SM, U 38.301-19-137
15W-40 Omsk plant of lubricant
materials, Omsk
G-ENERGY S 10W-40, 15W-40 B5/D3 SL/CF LLC Gaspromneft-SM
SYNTH
G-ENERGY 5W-30, 5W-40 B5/D3 SL/CF LLC Gaspromneft-SM S 84035624-034
EXPERT L 10W-40
ESSO ULTRA 10W-40 B5/D3 SL/SJ/CF Exxon-Mobil Corporation, USA

69
Table 2 continued
Viscosity class Group
Oil grade Manufacturer Regulatory Document
to SAE PI
GT TURBO SM 10W-40 B5 SM Hanval INC, Korea
MOBIL 1 ESP 5W-30 B6/D3 SN/SM/CF Exxon-Mobil Corporation, USA
FORMULA
MOBIL 1
NEW LIFE 0W-40
MOBIL 1 SN/SM/
PEAK LIFE 5W-50 B6/D3 SL/SJ/CF Exxon-Mobil Corporation, USA
MOBIL
SUPER 3000 X1 5W-40
MOBIL 10W-40 B5/D3 SL/SJ/CF Exxon-Mobil Corporation, USA
SUPER 2000 X1
SHELL HELIX
PLUS 10W-40 B5/D3 SL/CF
SHELL HELIX Shell East Europe Co,
PLUS EXTRA 5W-40 B6/D3 SM/CF Great Britain
SHELL HELIX
ULTRA 5W-40 B6/D3 SM/CF
SHELL HELIX 5W-40
Shell East Europe Co,
HX7 10W-40 B6/D3 SM/CF
Great Britain
SHELL HELIX 5W-40
HX8
ZIC A PLUS 5W-30, 10W-30 B5 SL SK Corporation, Korea
10W-40

Note. Oil change frequency is subject to car service book.

70
ENGINE OIL APPLICATION
Ta b l e 3
Min engine cold start Viscosity class to
Maximum ambient temperature, 0
temperature, 0 SAE J 300

below 35 0W-40 30
30 5W-30 25
30 5W-40 35
25 10W-30 25
25 10W-40 35
20 15W-40 45
15 20W-50 over 45

71
TRANSMISSION GEAR OIL GRADES TO BE APPLIED IN GEABOX, TRANSFER BOX,
DRIVING AXLES AND STEERING REDUCER GEAR
Ta b l e 4
Viscosity class Group Manufacturer Regulatory document
Oil grade to SAE for PI

LUKOUL -5 75W-90 GL-5 LLC LLK-INTERNATIONAL S 00044434-009


80W-90 JSC Lukoil
85W-90
ROSNEFT 75W-90 GL-5 JSC Angarskaya Neftechimicheskaya TU 0253-394-05742746
KINETIC 80W-90 Kompania, Angarsk
85W-90
ROSNEFT 75W-90 GL-5/4 JSC Novokuibyshevsk plant of oils and TU 0253-030-48120848
KINETIC additives, Novokuibyshevsk
ROSNEFT 80W-90 GL-5 JSC Novokuibyshevsk plant of oils and TU 0253-030-48120848
KINETIC 85W-90 additives, Novokuibyshevsk
TRANS 80W-90 GL-5 LLC TNK Smazochnye Materialy, U 38.301-41-196
GIPOID 85W-90 city of Ryazan
TRANS 75W-90 GL-5 LLC TNK Smazochnye Materialy, TU 0253-014-44918199
GIPOID SUPER city of Ryazan
G-ENERGY BOX 75W-90 GL-5 LLC Gazpromneft-SM S 84035624-040
EXPERT 80W-90
SHELL SPIRAX 75W-90 GL-5/4 Shell East Europe Co,
S5 ATE Great Britain
(SHELL
TRANSAXLE OIL)

72
RECOMMENDED TEMPERATURE RANGES
FOR APPLICATION OF TRASMISSION OILS
Ta b l e 5
Min temperature ensuring Viscosity class to
Maximum ambient temperature, 0
lubrication of units, 0 SAE J 306

40 75W-80 35

40 75W-85 35

40 75W-90 45

26 80W-85 35

26 80W-90 45

12 85W-90 45 and higher

ATTENTION!
Do not use oil additives or other means to enhance operation of engine, its systems and car
transmission.
Up-to-data high-performance engine and transmission oil grades are recommended to use
for the car operation. Therefore, using further additives is not necessary, moreover, in particu-
lar cases this might lead to such engine and transmission that are not covered by AVTOVAZ war-
ranty.

73
COOLANTS
Ta b l e 6
Fluid grade Manufacturer Regulatory document

Compatible coolants coloured blue or green

TOSOL-TS FELIX LLC Tosol-Sintez, Dzerzhinsk TU 2422-006-36732629

Cool Stream Standard JSC Technoform, Klimovsk, Moscow Region TU 2422-002-13331543

G-Energy Antifreeze JSC Technoform, Klimovsk, TU 2422-002-13331543


Moscow region
Compatible coolant fluids coloured red

ANTIFREEZE SINTEC CJSC Obninskorgsintez, Obninsk TU 2422-047-51140047

Cool Stream Premium JSC Technoform, Klimovsk, TU 2422-001-13331543


Moscow Region

FELIX CARBOX LLC Tosol-Sintez, Dzerzhinsk TU 2422-068-36732629

N o t e. Brake fluid service life and replacement is subject to car service book.

74
BRAKE FLUIDS
Ta b l e 7
Fluid grade Manufacturer Regulatory document

ROSDOT LLC Tosol-Sintez, Dzerzhinsk TU 2451-004-36732629

KAPROS-DOT LLC Sibur-Neftehim, Dzerzhinsk TU 2451-030-52470175

N o t e. Brake fluid service life and replacement is subject to car service book, but no longer than three years.

GLASS WASH FLUIDS


Ta b l e 8
Fluid grade Manufacturer Regulatory document

OBZOR- LLC ASD, Togliatti TU 2421-001-55894651


OBZOR Orsknefteorgsintez, Orsk TU 38.302-20-20
ISKRA NPP Macromer, Vladimir TU 2451-007-10488057
CHISTAYA MILYA 40 LLC Tosol-Sintez, Dzerzhinsk TU 2384-071-36732629

75
VISCOUS (GREASE) LUBRICANTS
able 9
Material grade Manufacturer Regulatory document

Technical petroleum jelly VTV-1 JSC Rikos, Rostov-on-Don city TU 38.301-40-21


Technical petroleum jelly ONMZ VTV-1 JSC Neftemaslozavod, Orenburg TU 0255-195-05767887
LITOL-24 grease JSC Azmol, Berdyansk GOST 21150
LITIN 2 LLC PKF RUSMA, Saint Petersburg TU 0254-311-00148820
Agrinol LSC-15 grease LLC TPK Agrinol, Berdyansk TU U 23.2-30802090-069
UNIROL-1 grease JSC Rikos, Rostov-on-Don city TU 38.301-40-23
AZMOL LSC-15 grease JSC Azmol, Berdyansk TU U 23.2-00152365-180
UNIOL-2/1 grease JSC Azmol, Berdyansk 38.5901243
AZMOL FIOL-1 grease JSC Azmol, Berdyansk TU U 23.2-00152365-173
AZMOL ShRB-4 grease JSC Azmol, Berdyansk TU U 23.2-00152365-172
AZMOL ShRUS-4 grease JSC Azmol, Berdyansk TU U 23.2-00152365-182
ShRUS-4 grease JSC Rikos, Rostov-on-Don city TU 0254-001-05766706
ShRUS-4 grease JSC Perm coolant and lubricant plant, city of Perm TU 38.401-58-128
Ortol Sh grease JSC Neftemaslozavod, Orenburg TU 0254-166-05767887
Lubricating graphite P LLC TPK Agrinol, Berdyansk GOST 8295

76
BODY ANTICORROSION TREATMENT MATERIALS
Ta b l e 10

Material grade Purpose

Mercasol-845 AL, Mercasol-847 AL


Seal (mastic) for protection of body underside and wheel arches
Tectyl 231-UR Zinc UBC
Mercasol-Non-Drip Transparent, Mercasol-831 ML,
Mercasol 917 Non Drip Brown, Mercasol-ML Transparent Seal (mastic) for protection of closed body cavities
Tectyl 654-CR Zinc ML

HYDRAULIC POWER STEERING CHARGE FLUID

Ta b l e 11

Material grade Manufacturer Regulatory document

PENTOSIN CHF 11S Pentiosin Werke AG, Germany 1.97.0964-2004

77
Appendix 2

LAMPS USED IN THE CAR


Type designation
Mounting location
international Russian

Headlamp* H4 12-60+55
Front lights*:
turn indicator P21W 12-21-3
marker light R5W 12-5
Rear lights*:
brake light P21W 12-21-3
marker light T4W 12-4
turn indicator P21W 12-21-3
reversing light P21W 12-21-3
fog light P21W 12-21-3
Side turn indicators* T4W 12-4
Licence(number) plate light* C5W 12-5
Car interior lighting C5W 12-5
Cigarette lighter socket lighting 12-4
Instrument cluster lighting 12-1,2
Instrument cluster check lamps 12-1,2
Alarm signaling turn-on check lamp 12-08-1
Spot lamps 12-1,2

ATTENTION!
* Car head lamps and light-and-signal devices have been homologated (denoted with character ) for conformity of
light and colour performance and light sources applied (bulbs) to international safety requirements. Application of other
light sources than those specified might lead to impairing of operation of these devices and violation of safety regulations.

78
Appendix 3

List of parts containing precious metals used


in LADA 4x4 car
Weight, g
Part reference number Product description Precious metal location
gold silver palladium

2115-3801010 Instrument cluster In semiconductors 0,000263 0,016414

2105-3709310/-01 Three-arm switch Coating 0,1664

2101-3704010-11 Ignition switch In contacts 0,14078

2105-3710010-03/-04 Alarm signaling switch In contacts 0,107

21213-3709607 Antifrost screen switch In contacts 0,11517

2113-3709609-10 Rear foglight switch In contacts 0,115169

2104-3709612 Rear screen wiper and washer switch In contacts 0,403093

2107-3709608-01 Heater-motor switch In contacts 0,265997

21045-3709280 Fuel heatup switch In contacts 0,170288


2108-3720010-10/-11/-12 Brake signal switch In contacts 0,1681
Alternator voltage regulator In semiconductors 0,0534
2106-3828110 Water temperature gauge switch In contacts 0,0161637

2105-3747010-02/03 Turn indicator and alarm signaling break-in relay Gold in semiconductors, 0,00021 0,0731
silver in contacts

2105-3747210-12 Headlamp high beam relay In contacts 0,055

2105-37470-1010-12 Dimlight relay In contacts 0,055

2105-3747210-02 Headlamp clean relay In contacts 0,137

2114-3747610 Rear foglight relay Gold in semiconductors, 0,000998 0,034935


silver in contacts

2107-3747710 Wiper relay 0,00023 0,105

2112-3851010-00 Coolant temperature sensor Thermo resistor 0,008284

2112-3855020-01 Nock sensor 0,05

79
Appendix 4

Spark plugs*

Engine type Spark plug type

8-valve engine 17 Robert Bosch Saratov


LR15YC-1 RISK
WR7DCX Bosch

* Gap between spark plug electrodes must be within limits of 1...1,15 mm.

80
LADA 44

( 09.02.2016 .)

: .., .., A..
: ..
.C.
..

60901/16 . 5 .. 195. 200.


. 2016 .
21213-3902021-11

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