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PRACTICAL TASK INSTRUCTION

SERVICE MANUAL MAINTENANCE


BEARING

COURSE CODE : DJJ6153

COURSE NAME : MECHANICAL COMPONENTS & MAINTENANCE

PROGRAMME : DKM

PRACTICAL TASK : 2 ( BEARING )

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PRACTICAL TASK 2: ASSEMBLE AND DISASSAMBLE
TOPIC
MECHANICAL COMPONENTS (BEARING)

TITLE BEARING

DURATION 2 HOURS

1.0 EXPERIMENT OUTCOME

At the end of this experiment student should be able to:

a) understand the bearing module practical


b) define the bearing using the equipment
c) conduct practical task on bearing removal
d) understand the types of lubrication in maintenance

2.0 THEORY

2.1 BEARING & LUBRICATION

Bearing can be simply defined as a support or guide which at the same time allows
relative movement to take place between two bodies. In a diesel engine, the principal
bearings are those which allow rotation of the crankshaft about its own longitudinal axis
in the main engine, and those between the connecting rod and crankshaft. In modern
engine terminology a bearing has come to mean the component fitted between the
journal and either the main bearing housing or the connecting rod, the shaft being
supported in the bearing via an oil film. The co-operating surface, the lubricant and the
environment all place constraints on the bearing, the resulting design usually being a
compromise between various conflicting requirements. Proper lubrication is essential for
the successful performance of any bearing. It can reduce friction, prevent wear, carry
away heat and protect bearing surfaces from any damage such as corrosion.

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2.2 MAINTENANCE

MAIN CAUSES OF FAILURES OF YOUR BEARINGS

1.0 INAPPROPRIATE LUBRICATION

Inappropriate or incorrect lubrication significantly reduces the service life of


the bearing. It is often neglected because of bearing accessibility problems and a
lack of knowledge about lubricants on the part of the user.
The choice of lubricant, the method, the quantity to apply to the bearing (neither
too much nor too little) and the monitoring frequency must be properly studied.
.

2.0 POLLUTION

The environment in which bearings operate is often highly polluted. Dust, liquid
detergents, and other contaminants can severely reduce the working life of a
bearing.

3.0 INCORRECT MOUNTING

The mounting of a bearing on a machine is a key stage in determining the length


of its life. A bearing that is not mounted correctly can deteriorate very quickly.
The main causes are:
Insufficient or poorly adapted methods and resources,
Contamination during mounting,
The use of force during mounting,
Poor preparation of the receiving components: shafts and housings outside
tolerance, poor access for the lubricant, misalignment.
Abnormal noise levels can be a warning sign of deterioration. In the short term
this causes fatigue of the bearing surfaces

4.0 FATIGUE

Bearings are key components and are subject to fatigue. Even more so since
they rarely operate in ideal conditions (overloaded machine, insufficient
lubrication, etc.) The stresses that active surfaces of bearings are subjected to
create surface pitting damage sooner or later.

These equipments require less to almost no maintenance. To prevent any parts from
becoming immovable, it is necessary to add in oil/grease from time to time.

Seek assistance from the manufacturer if necessary.

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3.0 APPARATUS / EQUIPMENT

Mounting Dismounting
Mounting Tool Kit case Hydraulic Press
Adjustable Spanner Wrenches Mechanical Pullers
Hydraulic Press

HYDRAULIC PRESS 10 TON

Weight 49.94kg
Pressing Capacity 10 Ton
Pump Model P55 hand pump
Cylinder Model C256C
Cylinder Stroke 257mm
Floor Space 182mm x 641mm

Bearing Puller

3.1 Bearing Components

LEGEND

E A - Shield
C B Inner ring
D
C - Ball
B D - Cage
E Outer ring
A

Shaft interference fit Housing interference fit


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4.0 SAFETY / PRECAUTION

1. Be careful not to damage the bearing bores when removing the bearings.
2. A light press fit may be required to insert the bearings.

5.0 WORK PROCEDURE

Bearings carry their loads along an extremely narrow contact surface between the rolling
elements and the inner and outer raceway surfaces. If an excessive load or impact is applied to
this narrow area of contact, brinelling and/or scarring will occur. This damage leads to
objectionable noise and vibration levels and rough bearing rotation.

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Image source : ntnglobal website

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Flaking

Imbedding of solid contaminants

Mounting bearings using a hammer causes damage due to sharp impacts. Please mount press fit
bearings using a pressing arbor or other designed to provide a uniform face.

(Images source : ntnglobal website)

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(Images source : ntnglobal website)

1. Check bearing identifying marks against drawings, specifications and


procedures.
2. Check that bearing seat dimensions and the accuracy of their shape and position
correspond to instruction drawings and specifications.
3. Prepare all equipment, tools and parts required before commencing assembly.
4. Carefully clean and check all parts and devices in the bearings environment.
5. Remove the bearing from its packaging at the last moment in a completely clean
working area.
6. Never wash it, except in specified exceptional cases. The bearing is protected
from oxidation by a light film of oil compatible with all lubricants.
7. Mount the bearing, using the chosen method.
8. Lubricate, using a special bearing grease, following the instructions given.
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9. After mounting and before final start-up, check its operation, so as to detect any
possible anomalies (noise, vibrations, temperature, abnormal play, etc.).

6.0 DISCUSSION

1. Describe the types of bearing in various industrial applications.


2. Explain the correct procedure to clean the bearing.
3. Complete this table for bearing damage and preventive maintenance (troubleshooting).

Problem Probable cause Solution


Abrasion
Corrosion
Design fault
Environmental factors
Fatique

4. Complete this table for basic types of bearing lubricant.

Types of lubricant Description Suitable for


Oils
Greases
Dry lubricant
Gases

7.0 CONCLUSION

Write the conclusion of this experiment.

8.0 REFERENCES

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