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SULIT 4541/1

1 Diagram 1 shows a graph of temperature against time represents the heating of naphthalene
powder.

Rajah 1 menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa bagi pemanasan serbuk naftalena.

Temperature,T(0oC)

R
Q
80
P

Time,t (s)

Diagram 1
Rajah 1

Which of the following statements is true?

Antara yang berikut, pernyataan manakah yang benar?

A Exist as a liquid at P
Wujud sebagai cecair pada P

B Heat is released at Q
Haba dibebaskan pada Q

C The melting point is 80oC


Takat lebur ialah 80oC

D The particles are very closely packed at R


Zarah-zarah tersusun sangat rapat pada R

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2 Which of the following pairs of ion has the same of number of electrons?
[Proton number: Li = 3 , O = 8 , F = 9 , Na = 11 , Mg = 12 , Cl = 17 , Ca = 20 ]

Antara pasangan ion berikut, yang manakah mempunyai bilangan elektron yang sama?
[Nombor Proton : Li = 3 , O = 8 , F = 9 , Na = 11 , Mg = 12 , Cl = 17 , Ca = 20 ]

A Cl- and F-
Cl- dan F-

B Na+ and Li+


Na+ dan Li+

C Ca2+ and Mg2+


Ca2+ dan Mg2+

D Mg2+ and O2-


Mg2+ dan O2-

3 Isotope J has the electron arrangement of 2.8.2 and the number of neutron is 24.
What is the proton number of atom J?
Isotop J mempunyai susunan elektron 2.8.2 dan bilangan neutron ialah 24
Apakah nombor proton bagi atom J?

A 2

B 12

C 24

D 36

4 An element T reacts with bromine to produce a compound TBr 3.

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Which of the following is the electron arrangement of element T ?

Unsur T bertindakbalas dengan bromin menghasilkan sebatian TBr3.


Antara yang berikut, yang manakah susunan elektron bagi unsur T ?

A 2.8.3

B 2.8.8

C 2.8.8.1

D 2.8.8.7

5 Diagram 2 shows the atomic structure for atom of an element X.


Rajah 2 menunjukkan struktur atom bagi atom unsur X

Diagram 2
Rajah 2

Element X reacts with carbon-12 to form a compound J with molecular formula CX 4.


What is the relative molecular mass of the compound?
Apabila unsur X bertindak balas dengan karbon-12 membentuk sebatian J yang mempunyai
formula molekul CX4.
Berapakah Jisim molekul relatif sebatian itu?

A 12

B 47

C 80

D 152

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6 0.5 mol of element R reacted with 32 g oxygen to produce oxide R.


Which of the following empirical formula is true for oxide R?
[Relative atomic O=16]

0.5 mol unsur R bertindak balas dengan 32g oksigen untuk menghasilkan oksida R.
Antara formula empirik berikut, yang manakah benar bagi oksida R?
[Jisim atom relatif O=16]

A R4O

B RO4

C R2O4

D R4O2

7 Which of the following chemical equations is balanced?

Antara persamaan kimia berikut, yang manakah seimbang?

A K + H 2O KOH + H2

B 2NaI + Pb(NO3)2 PbI2 + NaNO3

C ZnCO3 + 2HNO3 Zn(NO3)2 + H2O + CO2

D HCl + Na2S2O3 NaCl + SO2 + S + H2O

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8 Diagram 3 shows the set-up of the apparatus to determine the empirical formula of a metal oxide.

Rajah 3 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan formula empirik suatu oksida logam.

Metal oxide
Oksida logam
Hydrogen gas
Gas hidrogen

Diagram 3
Rajah 3

Which of the following metal oxides is suitable to be used in Diagram 3?

Antara oksida logam berikut, yang manakah sesuai digunakan dalam Rajah 3?

A Zinc oxide
Zink oksida

B Copper(II) oxide
Kuprum(II) oksida

C Magnesium oxide
Magnesium oksida

D Aluminium oxide
Aluminium oksida

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9 Which of the following elements are in Group 1 in the Periodic Table of Elements?

Antara unsur-unsur berikut yang manakah dalam kumpulan 1 dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur ?

A Sodium and potassium


Natrium dan kalium

B Lithium and magnesium


Litium dan magnesium

C Hydrogen and helium


Hidrogen dan helium

D Helium and neon


Helium dan neon

10 Diagram 4 shows the symbols for two elements.


The letters used are not the actual symbol of the elements

Rajah 4 menunjukkan simbol bagi dua unsur


Huruf yang digunakan bukan simbol sebenar unsur itu

23 3535
11J 17M
Diagram 4
Rajah 4

Which of the following is true about J and M?


Antara berikut yang manakah benar tentang J dan M?

A Atomic size of J is larger than M


Saiz atom J lebih besar daripada M

B Both elements J and M are metals


Kesemua unsur J dan M adalah logam

C Both elements J and M in the same group in the Periodic Table of Elements
Kesemua unsur J dan M dalam kumpulan yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur

D Elements J reacts with element M to form a compound with the formula JM 2


Unsur J bertindakbalas dengan unsur M membentuk sebtian dengan formula JM2
11 Table 1 shows the proton number of elements P and Q

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Jadual 1 menunjukkan nombor proton bagi unsur P dan Q

Element Proton number Electron


Unsur Nombor proton arrangement
P 11 2.8.1
Q 17 2.8.7

Table 1
Jadual 1

Which of the following statements are true for the elements P and Q in Table?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah adalah betul bagi unsur-unsur P dan Q di dalam
Jadual?

I Oxide of element P is basic whereas oxide of element Q is acidic


Oksida P adalah berbes dan oksida Q berasid

II The atomic size of P is smaller than Q


Saiz atom P adalah lebih kecil dari Q

III Elements P and Q can conduct electricity


Unsur-unsur P dan Q boleh mengalirkan elektrik

IV P and Q are in the same period in the Periodic Table of Elements


P dan Q berada dalam kala yang sama dalam Jadual Berkala Unsur

A I and III
I dan III

B I and IV
I dan IV

C I, II and IV
I, II dan IV

D II, III and IV


II, III dan IV

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12 Diagram 5 shows the reaction between alkali metal and oxygen gas.
Rajah 5 menunjukkan tindak balas antara logam alkali dengan gas oksigen.

Burning alkali metal


logam alkali yang
Oxygen gas terbakar
Gas oksigen

Diagram 5
Rajah 5
Which of the following statements is true about the reaction ?
Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar tentang tindak balas tersebut?

A Heat is absorbed by the gas jar


Haba diserap oleh balang gas

B The alkali metal burns in oxygen gas to produce a white solid which turns blue litmus red
when dissolved in water
Logam alkali akan terus membakar dan satu pepejal putih terbentuk yang menukar kertas
litmus biru ke merah bila larut dalam air
C The white solid produced conducts electricity only in its aqueous state
Pepejal putih yang dihasilkan mengalir arus elektrik hanya dalam keadaan berair

D The white solid dissolves readily in organic solvent


pepejal putih larut di dalam pelarut organik

13 Which of the following substances can conduct electricity in molten or aqueous solution?

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Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah boleh mengkonduksi elektrik dalam keadaan leburan atau
larutan akueus?

A Lead(II) bromide
Plumbum(II) bromida

B Ethanol
Etanol

C Tetrachloromethane
Tetraklorometana

D Naphthalene
Naftalena

14 What is the meaning of covalent bond?


Apakah maksud ikatan kovalen?

A A bond formed when metal atoms contribute electrons to each other to achieve a octet
electron arrangement

Ikatan yang terbentuk apabila atom-atom logam menyumbang elektron kepada satu sama
lain untuk mencapai susunan elektron oktet

B A bond formed when non-metal atoms share electrons to achieve octet electron arrangement

Ikatan yang terbentuk apabila atom-atom bukan logam berkongsi elektron untuk mencapai
susunan elektron oktet

C A bond formed by weak Van der Waals forces between the non-metal atoms.

Ikatan yang terbentuk oleh daya Van der Waals yang lemah di antara atom-atom bukan
logam

D A bond yang terbentuk when a metal atom tranfers an electron to a non-metal atom

Ikatan yang terbentuk apabila satu atom logam memindahkan satu elektron ke satu atom
bukan logam

15 The electron arrangement of an atom of M is 2.8.1 and the electron arrangement of an atom of X

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is 2.8.7.
Elements M and X react to form a compound.
Which of the following is true about the reaction?

Susunan elektron atom M ialah 2.8.1 dan susunan elektron atom X ialah 2.8.7.
Unsur M dan unsur X bertindak balas membentuk satu sebatian.
Antara berikut, yang manakah benar tentang tindak balas itu?

A Atom X donates 1 electron


Atom X menderma 1 elektron.

B Atom M receives 1 electron


Atom M menerima 1 elektron.

C An ionic compound is formed


Suatu sebatian ion terhasil

D An atom M share a pair of electrons with an atom X.


Satu atom M berkongsi sepasang elektron dengan satu atom X.

16 Diagram 6 shows the electron arrangement of a compound formed between atoms X and Y.
Rajah 6 menunjukkan susunan elektron bagi sebatian yang terbentuk antara
atom X dan Y.

X
Y
Y

Diagram 6
Rajah 6
Which of the following statement is true about the compound?
Antara pernyataan berikut yang manakah benar tentang sebatian ini?

A The compound has a high boiling point.


Sebatian ini mempunyai takat didih yang tinggi.

B The compound does not conduct electricity.


Sebatian ini tidak mengkonduksikan elektrik.
C The compound is formed by electron transfer.
Sebatian ini terbentuk melalui pemindahan elektron.
D The compound exists as solid at room temperature.
Sebatian ini wujud sebagai pepejal pada suhu bilik.

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17 An experiment is carried out to construct an electrochemical series based on the potential


differences between pair of metals in voltaic cells. The results of the experiment is recorded in
Table 2.
Satu eksperimen dijalankan untuk membina siri elektrokimia berdasarkan beza keupayaan antara
pasangan logam di dalam sel voltan. Keputusan eksperimen direkodkan di dalam Jadual 2.

Pair of metals Negative Terminal Potential difference (V)


Pasangan Logam Terminal Negatif Beza Keupayaan (V)
Q-P Q 2.7
R-P R 1.1
S-T S 1.3

S-P S 2.1
Table 2
Jadual 2

Which of the followings is the correct arrangement of metals in ascending order of the
electropositivity of the metals?
Manakah antara berikut adalah susunan logam yang betul mengikut susunan menaik bagi
keelektropositifan logam?

A P, R,T, S, Q

B T, P, R, S, Q

C Q, S, T, R, P

D T, P, S, R, Q

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18 Diagram 7 shows the electrolysis of concentrated sodium chloride solution using carbon
electrode.
Rajah 7 menunjukkan elektrolisis larutan natrium klorida pekat menggunakan elektrod karbon.

Carbon electrode : X Carbon electrode : Y


Elektrod karbon : X Elektrod karbon : Y

Concentrated sodium chloride


Natrium klorida pekat

Diagram 7
Rajah 7

Which of the half equation represent the reactions at the electrode X and electrode Y?
Setengah persamaan manakah yang mewakili tindak balas pada elektrod X dan elektrod Y?

X Y

A 2 Cl- Cl2 + 2e Na+ + e Na

B 2 Cl- Cl2 + 2e 2H+ + 2e H2

C 4 OH- 2 H2O + O2 + 4 e Na+ + e Na

D 4 OH- 2 H2O + O2 + 4 e 2H+ + 2e H2

19 Diagram 8 shows the set-up of apparatus of an electrolytic cell.

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Rajah 8 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi sel elektrolisis.

Copper electrodes
Elektrod kuprum

Copper(II) sulphate solution


Larutan kuprum(II) sulfat
Diagram 8
Rajah 8
Which of the following graphs show the changes in mass of the cathode during electrolysis ?
Antara graf berikut manakah menunjukkan perubahan jisim katod semasa elektrolisis?
A Mass /g
Jisim/g

Time / s
Masa/s

B
Mass /g
Jisim/g

Time / s
Masa/s

C
Mass /g
Jisim/g

Time / s
Masa/s

D Mass /g
Jisim/g

Time / s
20 Table 3 shows information about three voltaic cells.
Masa/s

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Jadual 3 menunjukkan maklumat tentang tiga sel voltan.

Positive terminal
Pair of metals Potential difference (V)
Terminal positif
Pasangan logam Beza keupayaan (V)

R, S 2.7 S

S, T 1.5 S

U, T 0.6 U

Table 3
Jadual 3

What is a potential difference of the voltaic cell when metal U is paired with metal R?
Berapakah beza keupayaan bagi sel voltan itu apabila pasangan logam U dan logam R
digunakan?

A 0.9 V

B 1.2 V

C 1.8 V

D 3.3 V

21 Which of the following is true about a weak alkali?


Antara berikut, yang manakah benar tentang alkali lemah?

A Unable to neutralise an acid


Tidak boleh meneutralkan asid

B The pH value is less than 7


Nilai pH lebih kecil daripada 7

C Able to change blue litmus paper to red


Boleh menukarkan warna kertas litmus biru kepada merah

D Ionises partially in water to produce hydroxide ions


Mengion separa dalam air untuk menghasilkan ion-ion hidroksida

22 Which of the following oxide metals can react with both acids and alkalis?

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Antara oksida logam berikut yang manakah boleh bertindakbalas dengan asid dan alkali?

A Sodium oxide
Natrium oksida
B Phosphorus(V) oxide
Fosforus(V) oksida
C Aluminium oxide
Aluminium oksida
D Magnesium oxide
Magnesium oksida

23 The equation below shows the reaction between magnesium and hydrochloric acid,
Persamaan di bawah menunjukkan tindakbalas antara magnesium dan asid hidroklorik

Mg(s) + 2HCl(aq) MgCl 2(aq) + H2(g)

Which of the following statements is true?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar?

[Relative atomic mass of H = 1. Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]


[Jisim atom relatif : H = 1, Mg = 24, Cl = 35.5]

A 1 g magnesium react with 2 g hydrochloric acid to produce 1 g magnesium chloride and 1


g hydrogen gas

1 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 g asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 g


magnesium klorida dan 1 g gas hidrogen

B 24 g magnesium react with 36.5 g hydrochloric acid to produce 95 g magnesium chloride


and 2 g hydrogen gas

24 g magnesium bertindak balas dengan 36.5 g asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 95 g


magnesium klorida dan 2 g gas hidrogen

C 1 mol magnesium react with 2 mol hydrochloric acid to produce 1 mol magnesium
chloride and 1 mol hydrogen gas

1 mol magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 mol asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1 mol
magnesium klorida dan 1 mol gas hidrogen

D 1 magnesium atom reacts with 2 hydrochloric acid molecule to produce 1 magnesium


chloride molecule and 1 hydrogen gas molecule

1 atom magnesium bertindak balas dengan 2 molekul asid hidroklorik menghasilkan 1


molekul magnesium klorida dan 1 molekul gas hidrogen

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24 The following equation represents the neutralization reaction between barium hydroxide, Ba(OH) 2 and
nitric acid, HNO3

Persamaan berikut mewakili tindak balas peneutralan antara barium hidroxida, Ba(OH)2 dengan asid
nitrik, HNO3.

Ba(OH)2 + 2HNO3 Ba(NO3)2 + 2H2O

What is the volume of 0.5 mol dm-3 nitric acid needed to neutralise 25 cm3 of 0.1 mol dm-3 barium
hydroxide?

Berapakah isipadu asid nitrik 0.5 mol dm-3 yang diperlukan untuk meneutralkan 25 cm3 barium
hidroksida 0.1 mol dm-3 ?

A 2.5 cm3

B 5.0 cm3

C 10.0 cm3

D 12.5 cm3

25 Which of the following salts is insoluble in water?


Antara garam berikut yang manakah tidak larut dalam air?
A Copper(II) sulphate
Kuprum(II) sulfat

B Silver nitrate
Argentum nitrat

C Lead(II) chloride
Plumbum(II) klorida

D Potassium carbonate
Kalium karbonat

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26 What are the products formed when an acid reacts with a metal carbonate?

Apakah hasil tindak balas apabila suatu asid bertindak balas dengan suatu
karbonat logam?

A Salt and water only


Garam dan air sahaja

B Salt and carbon dioxide gas


Garam dan gas karbon dioksida

C Water and carbon dioxide gas


Air dan gas karbon dioksida

D Salt, water and carbon dioxide gas


Garam, air dan gas karbon dioksida

27 Which of the following could be W, X.Y and Z?

Antara berikut yang manakah mungkin W, X, Y dan Z?

Solid W Brown gas X + Colourless gas Y + Black solid Z


Pepejal W Gas perang X + Gas tak berwarna Y + Pepejal hitam Z



W X Y Z

A Copper(II )oxide Nitrogen dioxide Oxygen Copper


Kuprum(II) oksida Nitrogen dioksida Oksigen Kuprum

B Copper(II) nitrate Nitrogen dioxide Oxygen Copper(II )oxide


Kuprum(II) nitrat Nitrogen dioksida Oksigen Kuprum(II) oksida

C Sodium nitrate Nitrogen dioxide Oxygen Sodium oxide


Natrium nitrat Nitrogen dioksida Oksigen Natrium oksida

D Potassium nitrate Nitrogen dioxide Oxygen Potassium


Kalium nitrat Nitrogen dioksida Oksigen Kalium

28 Diagram 9 shows the steps involved to obtain pure salt crystals.


Rajah 9 menunjukkan langkah-langkah untuk mendapat kristal garam yang tulen.

Impure salt
Garam tak tulen

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Heat
Panaskan
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Impurities
Bahan tak tulen

Salt solution
Larutan garam

Salt solution
Larutan garam

Filter paper
Kertas turas Heat
Panaskan Pure salt
Garam tulen

Diagram 9
Rajah 9

What is the name of the above process?


Apakah nama proses di atas?

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A Crystallisation
Penghabluran

B Recrystallisation
Penghabluran semula

C Precipitation
Pemendakan

D Displacement
Penyesaran

29 Diagram 10 shows the arrangement of atom in alloy.


Rajah 10 menunjukkan susunan atom dalam aloi.

Foreign atom
Atom asing

Pure metal atom


Atom logam tulen
Diagram 10
Rajah 10

Which statement explains Diagram 10 correctly?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah menerangkan Rajah 10 dengan betul?

A Foreign atoms form covalent bond with pure metal atoms


Atom asing membentuk ikatan kovalen dengan atom logam tulen.

B Foreign atoms will not prevent the pure metal atoms from sliding.
Atom asing tidak dapat menghalang atom logam tulen mengelongsor antara satu sama
lain.

C Foreign atoms fill the empty spaces in pure metal atoms.


Atom asing memenuhi ruang antara atom logam tulen.

D Foreign atoms will make the metals lighter.


Atom asing akan membuatkan logam itu lebih ringan.

30 Which of the following is a composite material?


Antara yang berikut, manakah bahan komposit?

A Polythene

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Politena

B Fiber optic
Gentian optik

C Stainless steel
Keluli

D Ceramic
Seramik

31 Which statements regarding polymer is incorrect?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah adalah tidak benar mengenai polimer?

A Raw materials for synthetic polymer are obtained from petroleum.


Bahan mentah bagi bahan polimer sintetik adalah terdapat daripada petroleum.

B Polymers are large molecules made up from smaller molecules called monomer
Polimer adalah molekul besar yang dibina daripada molekul-molekul kecil

C Isoprene is a monomer for natural rubber.


Isoprena adalah monomer bagi getah semulajadi.

D Polystyrene is a polymer that is used to make plastic bottles and bags.


Polistirena ialah satu polimer yang digunakan untuk membuat botol plastik dan beg.

32 The sting of an ant contains methanoic acid. Which of the following substances is the most
suitable to be applied to treat ant sting?

Sengat semut mengandungi asid metanoik. Antara bahan berikut, yang manakah paling
sesuai untuk merawat gigitan semut?

A Vinegar
Cuka

B Tooth paste
Ubat gigi

C Ethanol
Etanol

D Cooking oil
Minyak masak

33 Which of the following ions reduce the effectiveness of soaps in hard water?
Antara ion berikut yang manakah dapat mengurangkan keberkesanan sabun dalam air liat?

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A Magnesium ion and potassium ion


Ion magnesium dan ion kalium

B Calcium ion and magnesium ion


Ion kalsium dan ion magnesium

C Calcium ion and sodium ion


Ion kalsium dan ion natrium

D Zinc ion and magnesium ion


Ion zink dan ion magnesium

34 Below are types of food additives, examples and their functions. Which of the following pair is
not true?

Di bawah menunjukkan jenis bahan tambah dalam makanan, contoh dan fungsinya.
Antara padanan berikut yang manakah tidak benar?

Fooh Additives Example Functions


Bahan Tambah Contoh Fungsi
Makanan
A To prevent oxidation that causes fruits to
Antioxidants Ascorbic acid become brown.
Pengantioksida Asid askorbik Menghalang proses pengoksidaan yang
menyebabkan buah menjadi perang

B To slow down or prevent the growth of


Preservatives Sodium benzoate microorganisms
Pengawet Natrium benzoate Memperlahankan dan menghalang
pembiakan mikroorganisma.

C To prevent an emulsion from separating


Stabilizers Gelatine out.
Penstabil Gelatin Menghalang proses emulsi daripada
berlaku.

D To improve the taste of food and restore


Dyes Tatrazine taste loss because of processing.
Pewarna Tatrazin Meningkatkan rasa makanan dan
menghalang rasa asal makanan hilang
semasa proses pemprosesan dilakukan.

35 Zinc powder reacts faster with hydrochloric acid than a zinc strip because

Serbuk zink bertindak balas lebih cepat dengan asid hidroklorik berbanding kepingan zink kerana

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A there is a layer of zinc oxide on the zinc strip


terdapat lapisan zink oksida di atas permukaan jalur zink

B the zinc powder has a larger total surface area


serbuk zink mempunyai jumlah luas permukaan yang lebih besar

C the particles of zinc powder have more kinetic energy


zarah-zarah serbuk zink mempunyai lebih banyak tenaga kinetik

D the particles in the zinc strip are packed more closely together
zarah-zarah dalam kepingan zink tersusun dengan lebih rapat

36 Which of the following can undergo substitution reaction?


Yang manakah diantara berikut boleh mengalami tindakbalas penukargantian?

A Ester
Ester

B Alkane
Alkana

C Alkene
Alkena

D Alcohol
Alkohol

37 An experiment was conducted to investigate the rate of reaction between calcium carbonate and
hydrochloric acid.The volume of gas produced was recorded at every 30 second intervals. Which

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of the following graphs will be obtained?

Satu eksperimen telah dijalankan untuk mengkaji kadar tindak balas antara kalsium karbonat
dengan asid hidroklorik. Isipadu gas yang terhasil direkodkan setiap 30 saat. Manakah graf
berikut akan diperolehi ?

A Volume of carbon dioxide (cm3)


Isipadu gas karbon dioksida (cm3)

Time (s)
Masa (s)
B Volume of carbon dioxide (cm3)
Isipadu gas karbon dioksida (cm3)

Time (s)
Masa (s)
C Volume of carbon dioxide (cm3)
Isipadu gas karbon dioksida (cm3)

Time (s)
Masa (s)
D Volume of carbon dioxide (cm3)
Isipadu gas karbon dioksida (cm3)

Time (s)
Masa (s)

38 Diagram 11 shows the apparatus set up for an experiment to determine the rate of reaction
between sodium thiosulphate and sulphuric acid.

Rajah 11 menunjukkan susunan radas bagi eksperimen untuk menentukan kadar tindak

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balas antara natrium tiosulfat dan asid sulfurik.

Sodium thiosulphate solution + hydrochloric acid


Larutan natrium tiosulfat + asid hidroklorik

White paper
Kertas putih

Cross mark
Tanda pangkah
Diagram 11
Rajah 11

Which of following techniques is the most suitable to determine the rate of reaction?
Antara teknik berikut, yang manakah paling sesuai untuk menentukan kadar balas itu?

A Record the time as soon as precipitate is formed


Mencatat masa sebaik sahaja mendakan mula terbentuk

B Record the time taken to obtain the maximum temperature


Mencatat masa untuk mendapatkan suhu maksimum
C Record the time as soon as the cross mark cannot be seen
Mencatat masa sebaik sahaja tanda pangkah tidak kelihatan

D Record the time taken for the change the pressure


Mencatat masa bagi perubahan tekanan

39 The curve II in Diagram 12 is produced from a reaction between 5 g of powdered marble


with 100 cm3 of hydrochloric acid 0.5 mol dm-3.
Lengkung II dalam Rajah 12 diperoleh daripada tindak balas antara 5 g serbuk marmar
dengan 100 cm3 asid hidroklorik 0.5 mol dm-3.

Volume CO2/ cm3


Isipadu CO2/cm3
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2v v Curve II
Lengkung II

v v Curve I
vv Lengkung I

Time/s
Diagram 12 Masa/s
Rajah 12

Which of the following reaction will produced Curve I?


Antara tindak balas berikut, yang manakah akan menghasilkan Lengkung I?

A 5 g marble chip is added to 100 cm3 hydrochloric acid 1mol dm-3.


5 g ketulan marmar ditambah 100 cm3 hidroklorik asid 1mol dm-3.

B 5 g powdered marble is added to 100 cm3 hydrochloric acid 1mol dm-3.


5 g serbuk marmar ditambah 100 cm3 hidroklorik asid 1mol dm-3.

C 5 g marble chip is added to 50 cm3 hydrochloric acid 2 mol dm-3.


5 g ketulan marmar ditambah 50 cm3 hidroklorik asid 2 mol dm-3.

D 5 g powdered marble is added to 25 cm3 hydrochloric acid 1mol dm-3.


5 g serbuk marmar ditambah 25 cm3 hidroklorik asid 1 mol dm-3.

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40 The following chemical equation shows a reaction for ethanol.


Persamaan kimia berikut menunjukkan satu tindak balas bagi etanol .

C2H5OH C2H4 + H2O

What is the name of the reaction?


Apakah nama bagi tindak balas itu?

A Oxidation
Pengoksidaan

B Reduction
Penurunan

C Dehydration
Pendehidratan

D Fermentation
Penapaian

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41 Diagram 13 shows the structural formulae for hexane and hexene.


Rajah 13 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi heksana dan heksena.

H H H H H H H H H H H H

HCCCCCCH H C C C C C = CH

H H H H H H H H H H

Hexane Hexene
Heksana Heksena

Diagram 13
Rajah 13

Which of the following statements are true about both hexane and hexene?
Manakah antara berikut adalah benar mengenai kedua-dua heksana dan heksena?

I Both compounds cannot conduct electricity.


Kedua-dua sebatian tidak boleh mengalirkan arus elektrik

II Both compounds are less dense than water


Kedua-dua sebatian adalah kurang tumpat daripada air

III Both compounds decolourise the purple solution of acidified potassium manganate(VII).
Kedua-dua sebatian menyahwarnakan larutan ungu kalium manganat (VII) berasid

IV Both compounds produce carbon dioxide gas and water when undergo complete
combustion.
Kedua-dua sebatian menghasilkan gas karbon dioksida dan air apabila mengalami
pembakaran lengkap

A I and II
I dan II
B III and IV
III dan IV
C I, II and IV
I,II dan IV
D I, III and IV
I,III dan IV

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42 Diagram 14 shows the structural formula of a compound.


Rajah 14 menunjukkan formula struktur bagi suatu sebatian..

Diagram 14
Rajah 14

Which of the following is the name of the compound.


Antara yang berikut, manakah nama sebatian itu.

A 2-methylhexane
2-metilheksana
B 1,2-dimethylpentane
1,2-dimetilpentana
C 5-methylhexane
5-metilheksana
D 3,5-dimethylpentane
3,5-dimetilpentana

43 Which of the following equations represent a redox reaction?


Antara persamaan berikut, yang manakah mewakili tindak balas redok?

I CuO + H2SO4 CuSO4 + H2O

II 2HCl + Zn ZnCl2 + H2

III Ag+ + Cl- AgCl

IV Cl2 + 2I- 2Cl- + I2

A I and II
I dan II

B II and IV
II dan IV

C I and III
I dan III

D III and IV
III dan IV

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44 Which of the following is the best way to control rusting on the body of ships?
Yang manakah antara berikut adalah cara terbaik untuk mengawal pengaratan pada badan
kapal?

A Use alloy to built the ships


Menggunakan aloi untuk bina kapal

B Use galvanising materials


Menggunakan bahan yang digalvanikan

C Plating the body of ships


Menyadur badan kapal

D Sacrifice the metal that put on the body of ships


Mengorbankan logam yang diletakkan di atas badan kapal

45 The following equation shows the redox reaction between copper and silver nitrate solution.
Persamaan berikut menunjukkan tindak balas redok antara kuprum dengan larutan argentum
nitrat.

Cu + 2AgNO3 Cu(NO3)2 + 2Ag

Which of the following statements is true about this reaction?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar mengenai tindak balas ini?

A Silver ion is oxidized


Ion argentum dioksidakan

B Copper is the oxidizing agent


Kuprum adalah agen pengoksidaan

C The oxidation number of copper increases


Nombor pengoksidaan kuprum bertambah

D The oxidation number of nitrogen decreases


Nombor pengoksidaan nitrogen berkurang

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46 Element X is a reducing agent. Which of the following electron arrangements


is for atom X ?
X adalah agen penurunan. Antara susunan elektron berikut adalah bagi atom unsur X?

A 2.8.2

B 2.8.8

C 2.8.7

D 2.8.4

47 Which of the following is true of an exothermic reaction?


Antara yang berikut, manakah benar tentang tindak balas eksotermik?

A The container becomes hotter.


Bekas itu menjadi panas.

B The temperature of the mixture decreases.


Suhu campuran tindak balas menurun.

C The heat energy is converted to kinetic energy.


Tenaga haba di tukar kepada tenaga kinetik.

D Heat energy is absorbed from the surroundings.


Tenaga haba diserap dari persekitaran.

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48 The energy level Diagram 15 below represent the reaction between magnesium and a solution of
lead (II) nitrate.
Rajah 15 mewakili gambar rajah aras tenaga tindak balas antara magnesium dan larutan
plumbum (II) nitrat.

Energy Pb2+ + Mg
Tenaga

H = - 150 kJ/mol
Pb + Mg2+

Diagram 15
Rajah 15
Which of these statements is incorrect?
Manakah antara berikut tidak benar?

A It is an exothermic reaction
Tindak balas ini adalah tindak balas eksotermik

B It is an endothermic reaction
Tindak balas ini adalah tindak balas endotermik

C The quantity of heat released is 150 kJ


Kuantiti haba yang terbebas ialah 150 kJ

D The reactant energy is greater than product energy


Jumlah tenaga hasil tindak balas lebih tinggi daripada jumlah tenaga bahan tindak balas

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49 Diagram 16 shows the setup of apparatus for the determination of heat of reaction.
Rajah 16 menunjukkan susunan radas untuk menentukan haba tindak balas.

Thermometer
36oC
o
Termometer
29 C

Acid
Asid
Metal
Logam Initial experiment Final experiment
Awal eksperimen Akhir eksperimen
Diagram 16
Rajah 16

Which of the following statement is true?


Antara pernyataan yang berikut, manakah benar?

I Process of bond formation occurs.


Proses pembentukan ikatan berlaku

II The temperature increases during the reaction.


Suhu meningkat semasa tindak balas berlaku

III The value of H for the reaction is positive.


Nilai H dalam tindak balas ini adalah positif

IV The energy content of the products is lower than the energy content of the reactants.
Kandungan tenaga hasil tindak balas lebih rendah daripada kandungan tenaga bahan
tindak balas

A I and II
I dan II

B III and IV
III dan IV

C I,II and IV
I,II dan IV

D I,II,III and IV
I,II,III dan IV

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50 Diagram 17 shows the energy level diagram of the following chemical reaction.
Rajah 17 menunjukkan gambar rajah aras tenaga bagi tindak balas kimia berikut.

P+Q R + S

Energy 70kJ
Tenaga R+S
200 kJ

P+Q

Diagram 17
Rajah 17

Which of the following statements is true?


Antara pernyataan berikut, yang manakah benar?

A The heat of reaction is 70 kJ


Haba tindak balas bagi tindak balas ialah 70 kJ.

B R and S are more stable than P and Q.


R dan S adalah lebih stabil daripada P dan Q.

C The activation energy of reaction is 200 kJ.


Tenaga pengaktifan bagi tindak balas adalah 200 kJ.

D Heat is released when P reacts with Q to produce R and S.


Haba terbebas apabila P bertindak balas dengan Q untuk menghasilkan R dan S.

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