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VIGA ESTATICAMENTE

DETERMINADA

UNIVERSIDAD INDUSTRIAL DE SANTANDER


LUIS DAVID FONTECHA GARCIA
DOCENTE: LUIS A.BAUTISTA
FECHA: 25/04/2017
SEDE BARBOSA
I PERIODO 2017
VIGA EN CONCRETO.

CONCRETO ALTA RESISTENCIA

Mdulo de elasticidad.
MOE=30 GPa
Densidad
= 2320 /

10000 N/m
170 Kg
2500 N/m

A B C D
0.7 m 0.6 m
0.3 m 70 Kg
0.4 m 50 Kg
15

x=0 x=2 m x=4.8 m x=5.5 m x=6 m


SECCION TRANSVERSAL

0.3 m

0.05 m

0.03 m
0.25 m

0.02 m
0.2 m

DCL GANCHO (B)


By

MB
Bx

0.7 m

+ 0.4 m 490.5 N
Fx=0
15
Bx+490.5sen(15)=0 Bx=-126.9507 N

+ Fy=0 By=473.7866 N
By-490.5cos(15)=0 MB=100.6491 N*m
+ MB=0
MB-0.4*490.5cos(15)+0.7*490.5sen(15)=0
DCL GANCHO (C)
Cy

MC

Cx
0.6 m

+ 0.3 m 686.7 N
Fx=0
Cx=0 Cy=686.7 N
+ Fy=0 MC=206.01 N*m
Cy-686.7=0
+ MC=0
MC-0.3*686.7=0

PESO PROPIO
A= 0.3*0.05 + 0.03*0.25 + 0.2*0.02 = 0.0265 m
W= gAL

w= = gA = 2320*9.81*0.0265= 603.1188 N/m

ECUACIONES DE CARGA

1 = - 5000*x - 603.1187
2 = - 10603.1188
3 = - 4761.9047*x + 59761.9047*x - 187745.9759
DCL VIGA

10603.1188 N/m
y

603.1188 N/m 3013.11 N/m 1667.7 N


Ay
473.7866 N 686.7 N 603.1188 N/m
Ax MA 100.649 N*m
206.01 N*m
A
B 126.9506 N C
D
0.7 m 0.6 m

490.5 N 0.3 m 686.7 N


0.4 m
15

x=0 x=2 m x=4.8 m x=5.5 m x=6 m

+
Fx=0
Ax+126.9507=0

+ Fy=0
2 4.8 6
Ay - 473.7866 - 686.7 - 1666.7 +
0
1 + 2 2 + 4.8 1
+
MC=0
MA 100.6491 2*473.7866 206.01 4.8*686.7 6*1666.7
2 4.8 6
+
0
1 + 2 2 + 4.8 3

Ax= -126.9507 N
Ay=49075.4708 N
MB=157740.3497 N*m
DCL VIGA CORREGIDO

10603.1188 N/m

3103.11 N/m 1667.7 N


49075.4708 N
473.7866 N 686.7 N 603.1188 N/m
126.9506 N 100.649 N*m
157740.34 N*m 206.01 N*m
A
B 126.9506 N C
D
0.7 m 0.6 m

490.5 N 0.3 m 686.7 N


0.4 m
15

x=0 x=2 m x=4.8 m x=5.5 m x=6 m

DIAGRAMA DE CORTANTES
0x2

v1= 49075.4708 +
0
1
2x4.8
2
v2= 49075.4708 473.7866 +
0
1 + 2 2
4.8x6
2 4.8
v3= 49075.4708 473.7866 - 686.7 +
0
1 + 2 2 +

4.8 3
ECUACIONES DE CORTANTES

v1= 49075.4708 - x*(2500*x + 603.1187)


v2 = 58601.6842 - 10603.1*x
v3 = - 1587.3015*x + 29880.9523*x - 187745.9759*x + 395286.4128
DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTOS
0x2

m1= -157740.3497 + 0 1
2x4.8
2
m2= -157740.3497 +100.64.91 +
0
1 + 2 2
4.8x6
2 4.8
m3= -157740.3497 +100.64.91 + 206.01 +
0
1 + 2 2 +

4.8 3

ECUACIONES DE MOMENTOS
m1 = - x*(833.3333*x + 301.5593*x - 49075.4708) - 157740.3497
m2 = - 5301.5594*x + 58601.6842*x - 163358.7941
m3 = - 396.8253*x 4 + 9960.3174*x - 93872.9879*x + 395286.4128*x -
629433.7669
CENTRO DE MASA Y

0.3 m

0.05 m

0.03 m

0.25 m

0.02 m
0.2 m Z

0.1 0.02 0.015 0.27 0.15 0.32


A= (
0.1 0
)z + 0.015(0.02 )z + 0.15(0.27 )z

A=0.0265 m
0.1 0.02 0.015 0.27 0.15 0.32
0.1(0 )z + 0.015(0.02 )z + 0.15(0.27 )z
=

= 0.2095 m
= 0
MOMENTO DE INERCIA

0.3 m Y

0.05 m

0.03 m

0.25 m
Z

0.02 m
0.2 m

0.1 0.02 2 0.015 0.27 2


Iz = (
0.1 0
) z + (
0.015 0.02

0.15 0.32
) z + 0.15(0.27 )z

Iz = 3.4237 *104 4
DIAGRAMA DE DEFLEXION
E= 30 Gpa
I=Iz
0x2
2 1
E*I * = m1

1
E*I * = 1 + 1

E*I *y1 = ( 1 ) + 1 + 2
2x4.8
2 2
E*I * = m2

2
E*I * = 2 + 3

E*I *y2 = ( 2 ) + 3 + 4
4.8x6
2 3
E*I * = m3

3
E*I * = 3 + 5

E*I *y3 = ( 3 ) + 5 + 6

CONDICIONES DE FRONTERA
X=0 X=2 X=4.8
1=0 1= 2 2= 3
1 1 2 2 3
=0 = =

ECUACIONES DE DEFLEXION
y1 = - 0.00000405* 5 - 0.00000244* 4 + 0.000796* 3 - 0.00767* 2
y2 = - 0.000043* 4 + 0.00095* 3 - 0.00795* 2 + 0.000212* - 0.0000487
y3 = - 0.00000128* 6 + 0.000048* 5 - 0.00076* 4 + 0.0064* 3 - 0.030* 2 +
0.049* - 0.043
CODIGO EN MATLAB

clear;clc;

%REACCIONES GANCHO(B)
Bx=126.9507;
By=473.7866;
MB=100.6491;

%REACCIONES GANCHO(C)
Cy=686.7;
MC=206.01;

%REACCIONES DE LA VIGA
syms Ax Ay MA x
w1=carga([0 2],[-603.1188 -10603.1188]);
w2=-10603.1188;
w3=carga([4.8 5.5 6],[-10603.1188 -3103.1188 -603.1188]);
e1=Ax+Bx;
e2=Ay-By-Cy-1667.7+int(w1,x,0,2)+int(w2,x,2,4.8)+int(w3,x,4.8,6);
e3=MA-MB-By*2-MC-Cy*4.8-
1667.7*6+int(x*w1,x,0,2)+int(x*w2,x,2,4.8)+int(x*w3,x,4.8,6);
RV=solve(e1,e2,e3);
RVIG=vpa([RV.Ax; RV.Ay; RV.MA],8);
AX=RV.Ax;
AY=RV.Ay;
Ma=RV.MA;

%DIAGRAMA DE CORTANTES
v1=AY+int(w1,x,0,x);
v2=AY-By+int(w1,x,0,2)+int(w2,x,2,x);
v3=AY-By-Cy+int(w1,x,0,2)+int(w2,x,2,4.8)+int(w3,x,4.8,x);

%DIAGRAMA DE MOMENTOS
m1=-Ma+int(v1,x,0,x);
m2=-Ma+MB+int(v1,x,0,2)+int(v2,x,2,x);
m3=-Ma+MB+MC+int(v1,x,0,2)+int(v2,x,2,4.8)+int(v3,x,4.8,x);

%ECUACIONES DE CORTANTES Y MOMENTOS


EV=vpa([v1;v2;v3],6);
EM=vpa([m1;m2;m3],6);

%MOMENTO DE INERCIA
syms y z
A=int(int(1,y,0,0.02),z,-0.1,0.1)+int(int(1,y,0.02,0.27),z,-
0.015,0.015)+int(int(1,y,0.27,0.32),z,-0.15,0.15);
Yc=(int(int(y,y,0,0.02),z,-0.1,0.1)+int(int(y,y,0.02,0.27),z,-
0.015,0.015)+int(int(y,y,0.27,0.32),z,-0.15,0.15))/A;
Zc=0;
Iz=int(int(y^2,y,0-Yc,0.02-Yc),z,-0.1-Zc,0.1-Zc)+int(int(y^2,y,0.02-
Yc,0.27-Yc),z,-0.015-Zc,0.015-Zc)+int(int(y^2,y,0.27-Yc,0.32-Yc),z,-
0.15-Zc,0.15-Zc);
%ECUACIONES DE DEFLEXION
syms x C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6
MOE=30e9;
EI=MOE*Iz;
yp1=1/EI*(int(m1,x)+C1);
y1=1/EI*(int(int(m1,x),x)+C1*x+C2);
yp2=1/EI*(int(m2,x)+C3);
y2=1/EI*(int(int(m2,x),x)+C3*x+C4);
yp3=1/EI*(int(m3,x)+C5);
y3=1/EI*(int(int(m3,x),x)+C5*x+C6);

%CONDICIONES DE FRONTERA
x=0;cf1=eval(y1);
x=0;cf2=eval(yp1);
x=2;cf3=eval(y2-y1);
x=2;cf4=eval(yp2-yp1);
x=4.8;cf5=eval(y3-y2);
x=4.8;cf6=eval(yp3-yp2);

%VALOR DE CONSTANTES
s=solve(cf1,cf2,cf3,cf4,cf5,cf6);
C1=s.C1;C2=s.C2;C3=s.C3;
C4=s.C4;C5=s.C5;C6=s.C6;
syms x
y1=eval(y1);y2=eval(y2);y3=eval(y3);
ED=vpa([y1;y2;y3],8);

%GRAFICOS DE CORTANTES, MOMENTOS Y DEFLEXION


x=0:0.01:2;V1=eval(vectorize(v1));x1=x;
x=2:0.01:4.8;V2=eval(vectorize(v2));x2=x;
x=4.8:0.01:6;V3=eval(vectorize(v3));x3=x;
x=0:0.01:2;M1=eval(vectorize(m1));x1=x;
x=2:0.01:4.8;M2=eval(vectorize(m2));x2=x;
x=4.8:0.01:6;M3=eval(vectorize(m3));x3=x;

x=0:0.01:2;Y1=eval(vectorize(y1));x1=x;
x=2:0.01:4.8;Y2=eval(vectorize(y2));x2=x;
x=4.8:0.01:6;Y3=eval(vectorize(y3));x3=x;
x=[x1 x2 x3];V=[V1 V2 V3];M=[M1 M2 M3];Y=[Y1 Y2 Y3];
subplot(3,1,1);plot(x,V);title('GRAFICA DE CORTANTES');grid
on;xlabel('x(m)');ylabel('V(N)');
subplot(3,1,2);plot(x,M);title('GRAFICA DE MOMENTOS');grid
on;xlabel('x(m)');ylabel('M(N-m)');
subplot(3,1,3);plot(x,Y);title('CURVA ELASTICA DE LA VIGA');grid
on;xlabel('x(m)');ylabel('Y(m)');