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H' Is Periodic Table, with the Outer Electron Configurations of Neutral Atoms in Their Ground
H'
Is
Periodic Table, with the Outer Electron Configurations of Neutral
Atoms in Their Ground States
Li:, Be' The notation used to descrilx the electronic configuratior~of atoms
;nrd ions is discussed in all textl,nokc uf introdoctory atomic physics.
8"'
N'
OX
FY
Nel0
The
letters
s,
p, d,
signifj. flectrorrs having nrlrital angular
"'
Zs22p 2~~2~'25122~12~~211'2sZ2pi 2*'2p0
2y
tnomentum 0,
1,
2,
.
.
. in
units fi; the rruml,er to the left of
the
~~>i~~$2letter dcwotrs the principal quantum nurnl~erof one c~rl)it,and the
superscript to the right denotes the nrlrnher of electn)rrs in the r~rl)it.
PI-S'~
cln7
~143
sit4
3s
3s'
3s23p
3s23pZ3s23p:' 3s*3p4 3s13pi
3S23p6
K'Y
cato sex
~i'z ~2'$
Co"
Ni*"
Cu'Y
Zn:"
Ga3'
Ger'
As33
Se71
Br3"r3@
XeS4
4d
4d2
4d4
4d5
4d6
4d7
4dX
4dIU
4dn1'
4dlU
ssz
-
Ss
5s'
5sZ
58
5s
5s
5~
5s
5s
5sZ
5s25p 5S'5p2 5s25p7 5s25p' 5Y'5p5 5s25p6
CeSX
prSY
Nd6O
Pm61
SmlZ
EUI?
Gd61
Tb6i
HOIl
6168
YblD
LUIl
DYC6
Tm69
6d
4f2
4f3
4f4
4f5
4f6
4f'
4f
4fX
4f1°
4fl3
4fI2
4f13
4f14
4f14
7s
7S2
7s2
5d
5d
5d
,
--------------
\6sX
6x2
6s'
6s'
6s'
6s2
63%
6sZ
6sZ
6y2
6s2
6s2
6s1
Cs2
ThW
Pa81
NPII
pU94
Am95
Cm96
Bk91
Cf98
E9.9
FmlOO
MdlOl
N08.2
Lr'Yi
"82
-
Sf2
sf"
Sf"f6
sf'
Sf'
6d2
6d
6d
6d
7sZ
7s2
7sZ
7s2
7s2
7sZ
7S1

A~~X