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3 Millennia of Excellence: A Brief History of Kemet's Major Personalities

MId-Term Examination

1. Give the Kemetic name of the body of water which the nation of Kemet owes its existence to.

2. Most historians point to one artifact that describes the unification of the two lands of Kemet. Name the
artifact and the ruler who is depicted on it.

3. The top of the above mentioned artifact prominently features and important Kemetic deity. Please give
us the Greek and Kemetic names.

4. Describe the Scorpion Macehead. Why is this not considered to be proof of the unification of Kemet
under a ruler earlier that Narmer?

5. Name the rulers believed to be the parents of the first king of unified Kemet.

6. Which ancient historian is quoted as saying, "It is certain that the natives are black with heat"?
7. The written works of the most noted Kemetic historian who lived during the Ptolemaic period have been
lost. Name two other historians (and their books) who extensively quote the author. These lengthy
quotes are the only surviving source of the author's works.

8. Hor-aha is considered the second king of unified Kemet. Who were his parents?

9. What important city did Hor-aha found? Please give us it's Greek and Kemetic names.

10. Give the Kemetic and English translations of the name the of Hor-aha's wife.

11. What age does Hor-aha die? How does Manetho tell us he dies?

12. What was the name of Hor-aha's successor? Why do some historians believe that human sacrifices may
have been practiced during his reign?

13. What is the name of the small artifact which proves that if human sacrifices in burials were ever done,
they do not represent the normal course of Kemetic history? Tell us the English translation for these
artifacts and explain how they were to be used.
14. Who was the first king to wear a dual crown? Who was his mother?

15. Cheikh Anta Diop tells us that the Kemites may have been the first to use gunpowder. It was not used in
battle. How does he tell us it is used?

16. Please describe the successive Kemetic burial forms which lead to the Great Mrkhut. Why was it
necessary to continue to improve on these forms?

17. One of the important innovations in Kemetic tomb building is considered the first building in stone. Who
were the architect/engineer and the king it was built for?

18. Describe Inscription no. 81 on Sehel Island. Why is it connected to an important 3rd dynasty ruler?
19. Give us the English translation of the name Imhotep. What profession should he be considered the
father of? Why?

20. Name the modern names of the three mrkhuti (pyramids) that a fourth dynasty king is considered to
have built. What was his name?

21. The Great Mrkhut is built by the Kemetic king Khufu. Who were his parents?

22. Where is the only statue remaining of King Khufu? Please describe it.

23. Who was the successor of King Khufu? Why is his mrkhut not a major tourist attraction today? Where is

24. Other than Imhotep, there were several other early doctors of note. Which of the below choices correctly
identifies the doctor's name and field of specialty?
a. Pesheshet - Surgeon
b. Hesy-Ra - Dentist
c. Seneb - Ophthalmologist
d. Lady Senet - Gynecologist

25. Two of these great men were rulers in Kemet's Old Kingdom:
a. Imhotep
b. Khufu
c. Khafra
d. Mentuhotep
26. Describe how the mrkhut of Menkaura is much different that the mrkhuti of his father and grand-father

27. One 5th dynasty king rules for 94 years. Describe the statue of him that is in the Brooklyn Museum.
What popular religious icon does it influence?

28. What years was the builder of the Great Mrkhut considered to have ruled?

29. Name the first great lady of Kemet who is considered to have graduated the first midwives.

30. What southern land does Pepi II send an expedition to? Who does he want the expedition to return
with? Who is in charge of the expedition?

31. What is the name of the queen who may have been Kemet's first solitary female ruler? According the
colorful story related to us by Manetho, how does her life come to an end?

32. Describe the story which is now known to be false that Herodotus tells us about financing the building of
the Great Mrkhuti.
33. What astrological feature is believed to be the blueprint for the positioning of the mrkhuti on the Giza

34. Describe I.E.S. Edward's conjectural translation for the word "MR"?

35. What is a ben-ben stone? What important myth does its name and form allude seem to allude to?

36. During the 5th dynasty the structure of the mrkhut complex changes drastically. What change occurs
during this period?

37. Name the owner of the 6th dynasty pr-djet which is used by historians to describe a weakening in
centralized power during the First Intermediate Period. Describe their argument.

38. Name the 3 rulers who struggled to reunite Kemet (they share one of their names). What Kemetic city
were they from? Please include the English translations of their names. What city did their chief rivals
hail from?
39. What is the name of the ruler who finally completes the reunification of Kemet and ushers in the Middle
Kingdom? Describe his prominent statues in the Cairo Museum and the Metropolitan Museum of Art

40. What ruler is known for building a mortuary temple next to that of Mentuhotep I in the cliffs of Deir-el-
Bahari? What if the Kemetic name and English translation of this ruler's temple

41. What is the name of the noble who is known for the beautiful models found in his tomb by Herbert
Winlock's team which grace the Metropolitan Museum today?

42. What is the name of the fortress built by Senusret III (probably) on Kemet's southern border with Nubia?
What European structure does this seem to inspire?

43. Historians describe this site as the world's first depiction of martial arts.

44. The 12th Dynasty ends with a female ruler. Please give us her name and the name of her powerful
father. Which artifacts prove to us that she actually existed?

45. Name the Kemetic ruler who founded the 12th Dynasty and moved the capital. What was the name of
his new capital city?
46. What are the four forms of Kemetic literature described by Jabari Osaze?

47. What are the major differences between the Mrkhuti Texts and the Reu Pert em Heru em Ger?

48. What are the7 Principles of Ma'at? Please describe her conceptual usage?

49. What is the name of the Kemetic king who begins the struggle against Kemet's foreign rulers during the
Second Intermediate Period? What happens to him? Who was he struggling against? Who are these
rulers believed to later become?

50. Name the queen who fights Kemet's foreign rulers. How do we know she did this?