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1.

0 Introduction

1.1 The work of sub-soil exploration for the construction of building for school of
architecture at VIT campus, Vellore was entrusted to Geotechnical engineering lab, School of
mechanical and building sciences, VIT University, Vellore. This report summarizes the result of
soil investigation and presents recommendation for suitable type of foundation.

1.2 Subsurface investigation and laboratory tests were performed and this report summarizes
the soil investigation and based on the soil profile that prevails in the location, this report
furnishes the recommendations for suitable types of foundation.

2.0 Objective of Investigation

2.1 The objective of soil investigation is to ascertain the nature and characteristics of sub-soil
below the ground level at the proposed site. This study also includes identification of suitable
type of foundation for the proposed structure and determination of safe bearing capacity.

3.0 Scope of Work

The scope of work at this site comprised of the following:

3.1 Mobilization of borings with all necessary equipment and personnel.

3.2 Advanced boreholes of 150mm diameter with power drilling equipment through the sand,
silt & rock etc., upto hard strata below the ground level.

3.3 Conducting Standard penetration test (SPT) in boreholes and collecting distributed
samples for laboratory investigation.

3.4 Laboratory test on soil samples includes:

(a) Water content

(b) Index properties

(c) Shear strength test

3.5 Preparation and submitting detailed report with test results.

4.0 Field Investigation

4.1 2 boreholes of 150mm diameters were bored up to hard strata below the existing ground
level at individual borehole location. The borehole was made as per 1892-1979.

4.2 Disturbed samples are collected at every change of strata of about 1.0m depth interval
whichever was earlier. The samples so collected were sealed and numbered with full particulars
for identification and brought to the laboratory for conducting the required tests.
4.3 Standard penetration tests were conducted in the boreholes at regular intervals of 1 m as
per IS: 2131-1981. In this test, the standard split spoon sampler is driven to the required depth by
means of standard hammer of 63.5 kg weight, falling from of a height of 75cm. Number of blows
for the first 15cm is not taken into consideration because disturbances or presence of settled,
suspended matters at the bottom of the bore-hole. The total number of blows for the next 30cm
depth of penetration is considered as SPT and necessary corrections were applied for bearing
capacity calculations.

5.0 Laboratory Investigation

The following laboratory tests were conducted on the collected samples recovered from
the test bore holes for classifying soil and to determine the shear strength of soil.

(a) Index Properties


(b) Water content
(c) Direct shear test
All the above tests were carried out as per relevant Indian standard. All the samples were
identified and classified as per IS: 1498-1970

6.0 Soil Profile


6.1 Soil profile of bore holes are given below:
In the Borehole No.1 clayey sand was found up to a depth of 0.9m below ground level, Clayey
sand 0.9m to 2.0m, beyond 2.0m weathered rock was present. Hence the bore hole was
terminated at a depth of 6,0m.

In the Borehole No.2 Clayey sand was found up to a depth of 2.2m, beyond 2.2m weathered rock
exists. Bore hole was terminated at a depth of 6.0m

7.0 Discussion and Type of Foundation


7.1 The proposed structure is a multi-storied building with G+3 floors. In view of the soil
profile, foundation can be provided at a depth of 2.0 m below the ground level. Allowable
bearing capacity of 28t/m2 is recommended at the proposed depth, with a factor of safety 3.

7.2 Isolated footing or combined footing can be adopted for the proposed structure at the
depth proposed from the ground level.

7.3 Ground water table was not met in any of the bore holes till the termination depth.

7.4 The bearing capacity of shallow foundation based on shear and settlement criteria are
calculated as per IS: 6403-1981.
8.0 Recommendations
Allowable bearing capacity of 28t/m2 at a depth of 2.0 m is recommended with an
allowable settlement of 25mm.

The result and recommendations given in this report are based on the results of SPT test
and laboratory tests on soil samples collected from the boreholes. If in actual execution, any
variation is found, may be referred to the following faculty in-charge mentioned below.

Dr.S.S Chandrasekaran, M.E., ph.D,


Professor in Geotechnical Engg.,
School of Civil and Chemical Engineering,
VIT University,
Vellore-632014.