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Electrical Engineering

2014-3

Information contained in this book has been obtained by authors, from sources believes to be reliable. However,

neither Nodia nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, and Nodia nor its

authors shall be responsible for any error, omissions, or damages arising out of use of this information. This book

is published with the understanding that Nodia and its authors are supplying information but are not attempting

to render engineering or other professional services.

B-8, Dhanshree Tower Ist, Central Spine, Vidyadhar Nagar, Jaipur 302039

Ph : +91 - 141 - 2101150

www.nodia.co.in

email : enquiry@nodia.co.in

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE

2014-3

General Aptitude

Q. 1 While trying to collect an envelope from under the table , Mr. X fell down and

I II III

was losing consciousness

IV

Which one of the above underlined parts of the sentence is NOT appropriate ?

n

(A) I (B) II

(C) III

.

(D) IV

i

Sol. 1 Correct option is (D).

c o

.

IV underlined part is not correct. The correct statement for the IV underline part

a

will be lost consciousness.

Q. 2

d i

If she ____ how to calibrate the instrument, she _____ done the experiment.

o

(A) knows, will have (B) knew, had

.n

(C) had known, could have (D) should have known, would have

w

Sol. 2 Correct option is (C).

For a conditional sentence, the rule is as given below.

w

If + past perfect tense

w

Would/could have + past participles.

Thus, the complete sentence is

If she had known how to calibrate the instrument, she could have done the

experiment.

Q. 3 Choose the word that is opposite in meaning to the word coherent.

(A) sticky (B) well-connected

(C) rambling (D) friendly

Sol. 3 Correct option is (C)

Coherent capable of thinking and expressing yourself in a clear and consistent

manner. rambling spreading out in different directions or distributed irregularly.

Sticky covered with an adhesive material.

So, coherent and rambling are opposite to each other.

Q. 4 Which number does not belong in the series below ?

2, 5, 10, 17, 26, 37, 50, 64

(A) 17 (B) 37

(C) 64 (D) 26

Sol. 4 Correct option is (C).

2, 5, 10, 17, 26, 37, 50, 64

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

The difference between successive terms is in AP with initial term 3 and the

common difference 2. With this logic 64 is the wrong term and the correct number

in place of 64 is 65.

Q. 5 The table below has question-wise data on the performance of students in an

examination. The marks for each question are also listed. There is no negative or

partial marking in the examination.

1 2 21 17 6

2 3 15 27 2

3 2 23 18 3

What is the average of the marks obtained by the class in the examination ?

in

(A) 1.34 (B) 1.74

.

(C) 3.02 (D) 3.91

co

Sol. 5 Correct option is (C).

.

Total students in class = 44

i a

Total marks scored by class = 21 # 2 + 15 # 3 + 23 # 2

od

= 42 + 45 + 46

= 133

.n

Average marks = Total marks

Total students

w = 133

44

w = 3.02

w

Q. 6 - Q. 10 Carry two marks each.

Q. 6 A dance programme is scheduled for 10.00 a.m. Some students are participating

in the programme and they need to come an hour earlier than the start of the

event. These students should be accompanied by a parent. Other students and

parents should come in time for the programme. The instruction you think that

is appropriate for this is

(A) Students should come at 9.00 a.m. and parents should come at 10.00 a.m.

(B) Participating students should come at 9.00 a.m. accompanied by a parent,

and other parents and students should come by 10.00 a.m.

(C) Students who are not participating should come by 10.00 a.m. and they

should not bring their parents. Participating students should come at 9.00

a.m.

(D) Participating students should come before 9.00 a.m. Parents who accompany

them should come at 9.00 a.m. All others should come at 10.00 a.m.

Sol. 6 Correct option is (B).

(i) Dance program is scheduled for 10 a.m.

(ii) Participating student should come at 9 a.m. accompanied by a parent.

(iii) non-participating student should come at 10 a.m. with their parents.

Combining these three instructions (B) option is most appropriate.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

suggesting a paradigm shift in our understanding of the universe. However, the

clinching evidence was provided by experimental measurements of the position of

a star which was directly behind our sun. Which of the following inference(s) may

be drawn from the above passage ?

(i) Our understanding of the universe changes based on the positions of stars

(ii) Paradigm shifts usually occur at the beginning of centuries

(iii) Stars are important objects in the universe

(iv) Experimental evidence was important in confirming this paradigm shift

(A) (i), (ii) and (iv) (B) (iii) only

(C) (i) and (iv) (D) (iv) only

Sol. 7 Correct option is (D).

(i) Clinching evidence was provided by experimental measurement of position of

star.

(ii) Our understanding of universe changes, so experimental evidence are

in

important.

So, by these (iv) is correct option.

.

co

Q. 8 The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Rupees grew at 7% during 2012-2013.

.

For international comparison, the GDP is compared in US Dollars (USD) after

a

i

conversion based on the market exchange rate. During the period 2012-2013 the

d

exchange rate for the USD increased from Rs. 50/ USD to Rs. 60/USD. Indiaa

o

GDP in USD during the period 2012-2013.

.n

(A) increased by 5% (B) decreased by 13%

(C) decreased by 20% (D) decreased by 11%

Sol. 8

w

Correct option is (D).

w

Let GDP in 2011-12 be x

w

GDP in 2012-13 is 1.07x (7% grew)

During 2012-13 exchange rate increase from Rs. 50/USD to Rs.60/USD.

So, GDIP in comparison to USD is obtained as

at initial of 2012-13 GDP/USD = x

50

and at final 2012-13 GDP/USD = 1.07x

60

1.07x

- 50x

So, increase and decrease = 60

x # 100%

50

= 10.83%

= 11%

Q. 9 The ratio of male to female students in a college for five years is plotted in the

following line graph. If the number of female students in 2011 and 2012 is equal,

what is the ratio of male students in 2012 to male students in 2011 ?

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

(A) 1 : 1 (B) 2 : 1

(C) 1.5 : 1 (D) 2.5 : 1

in

Sol. 9 Correct option is (C).

.

Let number of female students in 2011 be x .

co

So, Number of male students in 2011 = x (ratio is 1)

.

Number of female students in 2012 = x (Given)

a

Number of male students in 2012 = 1.5x (ratio is 1.5)

d i

Ratio of male students in 2012 to male students in 2011 is

o

= 1.5x = 1.5 : 1

x

Q. 10

. n

Consider the equation ^7526h8 - ^Y h8 = ^4364h8 , where ^X hN stands for X to the

w

base N . Find Y .

(A) 1634 (B) 1737

(C) 3142

w (D) 3162

Sol. 10

w

Correct option is (C).

Given equation is

^7526h8 - ^Y h8 = ^4364h8

or ^Y h8 = ^7526h8 - ^4364h8

Octal subtraction is done in same way as decimal subtraction. The only difference

is that while obtaining carry we get 8 instead of 10.

^7526h8

-^4364h8

^3142h8

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Electrical Engineering

Q. 1 Two matrices A and B are given below :

p q p2 + q2 pr + qs

A => H ; B=> H

r s pr + qs r2 + s2

If the rank of matrix A is N , then the rank of matrix B is

(A) N/2 (B) N - 1

(C) N (D) 2N

Sol. 1 Correct option is (C).

Given the two matrices,

p q

A =>

r sH

in

p2 + q2 pr + qs

B => H

.

and

pr + qs r2 + s2

co

To determine the rank of matrix A, we obtain its equivalent matrix using the

operation, a2i ! a2i - a21 a1i as

a .

i

a11

d

p q

A = >0 s - r q H

o p

If

.n

s- r q = 0

w

p

ps - rq = 0

w

or

then rank of matrix A is 1, otherwise the rank is 2.

w

Now, we have the matrix

p2 + q2 pr + qs

B => H

pr + qs r2 + s1

To determine the rank of matrix B , we obtain its equivalent matrix using the

operation, a2i ! a2i - a21 a1i as

a11

R 2 2 V

Sp + q pr + qs W

B =S ^ pr + qs h2

W

S 0 ^r2 + s2h - 2 2 W

S p +q W

^pr + qs h2 T X

If ^r2 + s2h - 2 2 = ^ps - rq h2 = 0

p +q

or ps - rq = 0

then rank of matrix B is 1, otherwise the rank is 2.

Thus, from the above results, we conclude that

If ps - rq = 0 , then rank of matrix A and B is 1.

If ps - rq ! 0 , then rank of A and B is 2.

i.e. the rank of two matrices is always same. If rank of A is N then rank of B

also N .

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

v = p cos a p t k m/s

2 2

At t = 3 s , the difference between the distance covered by the particle and the

magnitude of displacement from the origin is ______.

Sol. 2 Correct answer is (C).

Given the velocity of particle,

v = p cos pt

2 2

Since, the velocity of the particle is along x -axis. So, we have

v = dx

dt

Therefore, the displacement of the particle from t = 0 (origin) to t = 3 is

in

t=3

x = # vdt = #

t=3

p cos p tdt

.

t=0 t=0 2 2

co

= 6sin p2 t @0p = 3

.

=- 1

or |x | = 1

i a

d

i.e. the magnitude of displacement is 1.

o

Now, we have to determine the distance covered by the particle. For calculating

n

distance, we have to consider speed and speed cant be negative, so the distance

is given by

.

w

t=3

x0 = # v dt

w

t=0

t=3

p cos p t dt

= #

w

t=0 2 2

p cos p t - t = 3 p cos p tdt

t=1

# #t = 1 2 2

=

t=0 2 2

= 9sin p tC - 9sin p tC

1 t=3

2 t=0 2 t=1

= 1 - ^- 1 - 1h

=3

Thus, the difference between the distance covered and magnitude of displacement

is

Dx = x 0 - | x | = 3 - 1 = 2

Q. 3 Let d : ^ f v h = x2 y + y2 z + z2 x , where f and v are scalar and vector fields

respectively. If v = yi + zj + xk , then v : df is

(A) x2 y + y2 z + z2 x (B) 2xy + 2yz + 2zx

(C) x + y + z (D) 0

Sol. 3 Correct option is (A).

Given the relation

d : ^ f v h = x2 y + y2 z + z2 x ...(i)

where f , v are scalar and vector field respectively. From the properties of vector

field, we have

d : ^ f v h = v : ^df h - f ^d : v h

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

or v : ^df h = d : ^ f v h + f ^d : v h ...(ii)

Again, we have

v = yi + zj + xk

2y 2z 2x

So, d:v = + +

2x 2y 2z

=0

Therefore, we get

f ^d : v h = 0

Substituting it in equation (ii), we get

v : ^df h = d : ^ f v h

Q. 4 Lifetime of an electric bulb is a random variable with density f ^x h = kx2 , where x

is measured in years. If the minimum and maximum lifetimes of bulb are 1 and 2

in

years respectively, then the value of k is _____.

.

Sol. 4 Correct answer is 0.43.

co

Given that the life time of an electric bulb is a random variable with density,

f ^x h = kx2 .

where x is the lifetime measured in years.

a .

i

From the property of random variable, we have

#

d

f ^x h dx = 1

3

o

-3

.n

Since, the minimum and maximum lifetimes of bulbs are 1 and 2 years respectively.

So, we have

w

1#x#2

w

Therefore, equation (i) becomes

f ^x h dx = 1

2

#

w 1

2

or #

1

kx2 dx = 1

3 2

or k :x D = 1

3 1

or kb 8 - 1 l = 1

3

Thus, k = 3 = 0.43

7

Q. 5 A function f ^ t h is shown in the figure.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

(B) real and odd function of w

(C) imaginary and odd function of w

(D) imaginary and even function of w

Sol. 5 Correct option is (A).

We have the waveform of function f (t) as

. in

co

From the waveform, we observe that f (t) is an odd function, i.e.

.

f (- t) =- f (t)

i a

Hence, the Fourier transform of the function is imaginary.

d

Q. 6 The line A to neutral voltage is 10 15c V for a balanced three phase star connected

o

load with phase sequence ABC . The voltage of line B with respect to line C is

n

given by

(A) 10 3 105c V

. (B) 10 105c V

w

(C) 10 3 - 75c V (D) - 10 3 90c V

w

Correct option is (C).

Sol. 6

w

We sketch the phasor diagram for three phase star connected load as

A = 10 15c V

So, for balance 3-phase, we have

B = 10 - 105c

and C = 10 - 225c

Therefore, the voltage of line B with respect to line C is

vBC = vB - vC

= 10 - 105c - 10 - 225c

= 10 3 - 75c

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

electric flux coming out of the concentric spherical surface of radius R ^> r h is

(A) 4pe 0 r (B) 4pe 0 r2

(C) 4pe 0 R (D) 4pe 0 R2

Sol. 7 Correct option is (A).

According to Gausss law, the total electric flux coming out of the concentric

spherical surface is equal to the charge enclosed by the surface, i.e.

Q = # D : ds

Since, the electric potential is defined as

Q

v =

4pe 0 r

So, Q = v # 4pe 0 r

= 4pe 0 r (since, v = 1 volt)

Hence, # D : ds = 4pe r0

in

Q. 8 The driving point impedance Z ^s h for the circuit shown below is

.

. co

i a

4 2

(A) s +3 3s + 1

o d 4 2

(B) s +22s + 4

.n

s + 2s s +2

2 3

(C) 4 s +2 1 (D) 4 s +2 1

w

s +s +1 s +s +1

Sol. 8 Correct option is (A).

w

We have the impedance circuit,

w

The capacitor and inductor can be replaced with its equivalent reactance (in

frequency domain) as shown below.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Solving the above circuit, we get the equivalent driving point impedance as

Z ^s h = s + 1 || bs + 1 l

s s

2

= s + 1 || b s + 1 l

s s

1 s2 + 1

# s

= s+ s

1 + s2 + 1

s s

2

= s + s3 + 1

s + 2s

4 2

or Z ^s h = s +3 3s + 1

s + 2s

Q. 9 A signal is represented by

in

1 t <1

x^t h = *

0 t >1

.

co

The Fourier transform of the convolved signal y ^ t h = x ^2t h * x ^t/2h is

w 2

a . (B) 42 sin a w k

w 2

(C) 42 sin ^2wh

w

d i (D) 42 sin2 w

w

Sol. 9 Correct option is (A).

n o

.

Given the signal,

1, t < 1

w

x (t ) = *

0, t > 1

w

The waveform for the given signal is drawn as

w

Since, the waveform of rectangular function rect (t ) is

x (t ) = rect a t k

2

Now, the Fourier transform pair for rectangular function is

rect c t m * t sin C c wt m

t 2p

2 p w

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Similarly, rect c t m * 4 sin C b 2w l = =

4 p 2w w

sin ^w/2h

and rect (t ) * sin C c w m =

2p w/2

Therefore, we have the fourier transforms

F "x (2t), = F "rect (t ),

sin ^w/2h

=

w/2

2 sin (2w)

and F {x (t/2)} = F {rect (t/4)} =

w

Thus, we obtain the fourier transform of signal y (t ) as

F {y (t )} = F {x (2t) * x (t/2)}

= F {x (2t)} .F {x (t/2)}

sin ^w/2h 2 sin (2w)

=

w/2 w

in

= 42 sin b w l sin (2w)

.

w 2

co

Q. 10 For the signal f ^ t h = 3 sin 8pt + 6 sin 12pt + sin 14pt , the minimum sampling

.

frequency (in Hz) satisfying the Nyquist criterion is _____.

i a

Sol. 10 Correct answer is 14 Hz.

d

Given the signal,

f ^ t h = 3 sin 8pt + 6 sin 12pt + sin 14pt

o

.n

According to Nyquist criterion the sampling frequency is

f s > 2f max

w

where fmax is the maximum frequency of the message signal. For the given signal,

w

we have maximum frequency as

w max = 14p

or

w 2pf max = 14p

or f max = 7

Thus, the sampling frequency is

fs > 2 # 7

or fs > 14

i.e. minimum sampling frequency is 14 Hz.

Q. 11 In a synchronous machine, hunting is predominantly damped by

(A) mechanical losses in the rotor (B) iron losses in the rotor

(C) copper losses in the stator (D) copper losses in the rotor

Sol. 11 Correct option is (D).

After sudden change of the load in three phase synchronous machine, the rotor

has to search or hunt for its new equilibrium position. It causes the hunting,

which can be damped by rotor copper losses.

Q. 12 A single phase induction motor is provided with capacitor and centrifugal switch

in series with auxiliary winding. The switch is expected to operate at a speed of

0.7 Ns, but due to malfunctioning the switch fails to operate. The torque-speed

characteristic of the motor is represented by

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

. in

. co

i a

o d

. n

Sol. 12

w

Correct answer is (C).

w

If the switch operates correctly, then the torque-speed characteristic is

w

But, the switch does not operate due to malfunctioning. So, there will be no

discontinuity in the characteristic curve. Thus, we have the modified characteristic

curve of the motor as

Q. 13 The no-load speed of a 230 V separately excited dc motor is 1400 rpm. The

armature resistance drop and the brush drop are neglected. The field current is

kept constant at rated value. The torque of the motor in Nm for an armature

current of 8 A is ________.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

A dc motor circuit is shown below.

Given

No load speed, N = 1400 rpm

Armature current, Ia = 8 A

Excitation voltage, V = 230 V

So, we obtain the torque of the motor as

t = V Ia = 2pV Ia

w 60 # N

= 2p230 # 8

.

60 # 1400

in

co

= 9.55 # 230 # 8

.

1400

a

= 12.55 N-m

Q. 14

d i

In a long transmission line with r , l , g and c are the resistance, inductance,

o

shunt conductance and capacitance per unit length, respectively, the condition for

.n

distortionless transmission is

(A) rc = lg (B) r = l/c

w

(C) rg = lc (D) g = c/l

w

Sol. 14 Correct option is (A).

w

For a transmission line to be distortionless, the required condition is

R =G

L C

where G = shunt conductance (in siemens/meter)

C = capacitance (in Farad/meter)

R = Resistance (in ohm/meter)

L = inductance (in henries per meter)

So, for the given parameters of long transmission line, the required condition for

distortionless transmission becomes

r =g

l c

or rc = lg

Q. 15 For a fully transposed transmission line

(A) positive, negative and zero sequence impedances are equal

(B) positive and negative sequence impedances are equal

(C) zero and positive sequence impedances are equal

(D) negative and zero sequence impedances are equal

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

A fully transposed transmission line is completely symmetrically and therefore

the phase impedance offered by it is independent of phase sequence of a balanced

set of current. In other word impedance offered by it to positive and negative

sequence currents are equal.

Q. 16 A 183 bus power system has 150 PQ buses and 32 PV buses. In the general case, to

obtain the load flow solution using Newton-Raphson method in polar coordinates,

the minimum number of simultaneous equations to be solved is _____.

Sol. 16 Correct answer is 332.

Given, number of PQ buses = 150

number of PV buses = 32

For PQ buses, 2 equations are formed (one for P and other for Q)

in

For PV buses only 1 equation is formed (for Q only)

.

Thus, the minimum number of simultaneous equations, required to obtain the

co

load, is

Total number of equations = Number of equation for PQ buses +

Number of

a .

i

equation for PV buses.

o d = 2 # (number of PQ buses)

+ 1 # (number of PV buses)

. n = 2 # (150) + 1 # (32)

w

= 332

The signal flow graph of a system is shown below. U ^s h is the input and C ^s h is

w

Q. 17

the output.

C ^s h

G ^s h = of the system is given by

U ^s h

(A) G ^s h = 2 b 0 s + b1 (B) G ^s h = 2 a1 s + a 0

s + a 0 s + a1 s + b1 s + b 0

(C) G ^s h = b1 s + b 0 (D) G ^s h = a 0 s + a1

s 2 + a1 s + a 0 s 2 + b 0 s + b1

We have the signal flow graph of the system as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

C ^s h

G ^s h =

U ^s h

From the SFG, we have two forward paths given as

p1 = h 0 1 1 1 1 1 = h20

s s s

p 2 = h1 1 1 = h1

s s

. in

The graph determinant is given by

co

T = 1 - (sum of all loop gains)

+ (sum of all gain products of 2 non-touching loops)

.

- (sum of all gain products of 3 non-touching loops) + ...

a

So,

s

d i

T = 1 - a - a1 + - a2 0 k

s

o

= 1 + a1 + a20

.n

s s

Also, we have the determinants for the forward paths p1 and p2 as

w

T1 = 1

wT 2 = 1 - a - a1 k = 1 + a1

s s

w

Thus, using Masons gain formula, we obtain the transfer function as

T.F. =

/ p k D k = p1 D 1 + p 2 D 2

D D

2^ h

h 0 1 + h1 1 + a1

sa sk

= s

1 + a1 + a20

s s

h 0 + h1 ^s + a1h

= 2

s + a1 s + a 0

Since, we have

h1 = b 1

and h 0 = b 0 - b 1 a1

Substituting it in equation (i), we get

T.F. = b 0 + b1 s

2

s + a1 s + a 0

C ^s h

or G ^s h = = 2 b 0 + b1 s

V ^s h s + a1 s + a 0

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

and feedback transfer function H ^s h. It is given that G ^s h H ^s h < 1. Which of

the following is true about the stability of the system ?

(A) The system is always stable

(B) The system is stable if all zeros of G ^s h H ^s h are in left half of the s -plane

(C) The system is stable if all poles of G ^s h H ^s h are in left half of the s -plane

(D) It is not possible to say whether or not the system is stable from the

information given

Sol. 18 Correct option is (A).

For the given system, we have

G ^s h H ^s h < 1

So, we may easily conclude that the Nyquist-plot intersect the negative real axis

between 0 and - 1 point, i.e. the Nyquist plot does not enclose the point ^- 1, 0h

. in

or in other words number of encirclements is zero.

co

N =0 ...(i)

From Nyquist criterion, we have the relation

N = P-Z

a . ...(ii)

i

where P is the number of open loop poles in right-half of s -plane and Z is the

d

number of closed loop poles (roots of characteristic equation) in right-half of s

o

-plane. Since, for a stable closed loop system, we must have

. n

Z =0 ...(iii)

Thus, from equations (i), (ii), and (iii), we get

wP =0

w

i.e. no poles of open loop system lies in right-half of s -plane, or in other words,

w

all the poles lies in left-half of s -plane.

Hence, the given system is stable if all poles of G ^s h H ^s h are in left half of the s

-plane.

Q. 19 An LPF wattmeter of power factor 0.2 is having three voltage settings 300 V, 150

V and 75 V, and two current settings 5 A and 10 A. The full scale reading is 150.

If the wattmeter is used with 150 V voltage setting and 10 A current setting, the

multiplying factor of the wattmeter is _______.

Sol. 19 Correct answer is 2.

In low power factor (LPF) wattmeter, the multiplying factor is given by

power setting

M.F. =

power for maximum difflection

^voltage range usedh # ^current range usedh # (power factor)

=

Full scale reading

From the given data, we have

Full scale reading = 150

Voltage range used = 150 V

Current range used = 10 A

Power factor = 0.2

Substituting these values in above expression, we get

M.F. = 150 # 10 # 0.2 = 2

150

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Q. 20 The two signals S1 and S2, shown in figure, are applied to Y and X deflection

plates of an oscilloscope.

. in

co

The waveform displayed on the screen is

a .

d i

o

.n

w

w

w

We consider the two signals S1 and S2 applied to Y and X deflection plates for

the period T as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

For 0 < t < T/2 , 0 < S1 < 1 and S2 = 1

At t = T , S1 = S2 = 0

2

For T < t < T , 0 > S1 > - 1 and S2 =- 1

2

in

Since, S1 is applied to Y -deflection plate and S2 is applied to X -deflection plate.

.

So, we have

co

For 0 < t < T/2 ; 0 < y < 1, x = 1

At t = T/2 ; x = y = 0

.

For T/2 < t < T ; - 1 < y < 0 , x =- 1

i a

Thus, the waveform displayed on the CRT screen is

o d

. n

w

w

w

Q. 21 A state diagram of a logic gate which exhibits a delay in the output is shown in

the figure, where X is the dont care condition, and Q is the output representing

the state.

(A) XOR (B) OR

(C) AND (D) NAND

Sol. 21 Correct option is (D).

We have the state diagram of a logic gate,

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

For the state diagram, we form the truth table (irrespective of the current state)

as

A B X

0 0 1

0 1 1

1 0 1

1 1 0

Thus, from the truth table, it is clear that the logic gate is NAND gate.

Q. 22 An operational amplifier circuit is shown in the figure.

. in

.co

i a

o d

The output of the circuit for a given input vi is

.n

(A) -b R2 l vi (B) -b1 + R2 l vi

R1 R1

w

(C) b1 + R2 l vi (D) + Vsat or - Vsat

R1

w

Sol. 22 Correct option is (D).

w

We have the op-amp circuit as

1. If vi > Vsat ; then output voltage will be Vsat

2. If vi < - Vsat ; then the output voltage will be - Vsat

3. If - Vsat < vi < Vsat ; then the output voltage varies according to the applied

input.

For the given op-amp circuit, we assume that

- Vsat < vi < Vsat

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

So, we obtain the output for the corresponding input vi . Applying KCL at non-

inverting terminal of first op-amp, we have

vi - 0 + vi - x = 0

R1 R2

or vi b 1 + 1 l = x

R1 R 2 R2

or x = b R1 + R 2 l v i ...(i)

R1

where x is the voltage at non-inverting terminal of second op-amp. Again, applying

KCL at non-inverting terminal of second op-amp, we get

x - 0 + x - v0 = 0

R R

or v 0 = 2x

in

or v 0 = 2vi ^R1 + R2h [substituting equation (i)]

.

R1

co

= 2vi b1 + R2 l

R1

.

There is no single option so our assumption is wrong and vi > + Vsat and vi < - Vsat

i a

. So, the output voltage is + Vsat and - Vsat .

d

Q. 23 In 8085A microprocessor, the operation performed by the instruction LHLD

o

2100 H is

n

(A) ^Hh ! 21 H , ^Lh ! 00 H

.

(B) ^Hh ! M ^2100hH , ^Lh ! M ^2101 Hh

w

(C) ^Hh ! M ^2101 Hh, ^Lh ! M ^2100 Hh

w

(D) ^Hh ! 00 H , ^Lh ! 21 H

w

Sol. 23 Correct option is (C).

For the 8085A microprocessor, given instruction is

LHLD 2100 H

This operation loads registers register L and H with the content in memory at

locations 2100 H and 2101 H respectively, i.e.

Q. 24 A non-ideal voltage source Vs has an internal impedance of Zs . If a purely resistive

load is to be chosen that maximizes the power transferred to the load, its value

must be

(A) 0 (B) real part of Zs

(C) magnitude of Zs (D) complex conjugate of Zs

Sol. 24 Correct option is (C).

Consider the circuit shown below with non-ideal voltage source Vs , an internal

impedance Zs = Rs + jXs , and purely resistive load RL .

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

I = Vs

Rs + RL + jXs

or I = Vs

^Rs + RL h + ^Xs h2

Therefore, the power transferred to load is

P = I 2 RL

= V s2 RL

^^Rs + RL h2 + X s2h

For maximum power, we have

dP = 0

dRL

[^Rs + RL h2 + X s2 ] 1 - 2RL ^Rs + RL h

or =0

^^Rs + RL h2 + X s2h

2

or R s2 + R L2 + 2Rs RL + X s2 - 2Rs RL - 2R L2 = 0

or

. in

R s2 + X s2 = R L2

co

or RL = R s2 + X s2

.

i.e. to maximise the power transferred to pure resistive load (RL ), its value must

i a

be equal to the magnitude of Zs of internal circuit.

d

Q. 25 The torque speed characteristics of motor ^TM h and load ^TL h for two cases are

o

shown in the figures (a) and (b). The load torque is equal to motor torque at

.n

points P , Q , R and S .

w

w

w

The stable operating points are

(A) P and R (B) P and S

(C) Q and R (D) Q and S

Sol. 25 Correct option is (B).

Since, increase in torque accelerates the motor, so the slope of torque speed

characteristic should be negative to restore the speed to original value, which in

turn makes the system stable.

Thus, for stable operating point, the slope of torque-speed characteristic should

be negative.

Hence, the points P and S are stable operating points.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

2

Q. 26 Integration of the complex function f ^z h = 2 z , in the counterclockwise

z -1

direction, around z - 1 = 1, is

(A) - pi (B) 0

(C) pi (D) 2pi

Sol. 26 Correct option is (C).

Given the complex function,

f ^z h =z2

2

z -1

and the contour, along which integration to be performed, is

C : |z - 1 | = 1

in

Here, z - 1 = 1 is a circle with radius 1 and centre at point (1,0). So, we sketch

.

the contour C as

. co

i a

o d

. n

Now, we have the complex function

w f ^z h = z2

w

2

z -1

So, the poles and zeros of the function are

w poles = 1, - 1

zeros = 0 , 0

Therefore, only pole (z = 1) lies within the curve C . So, the residue at z = 1 pole

is

2

Residue = lim z

z " 1 ^z + 1h

2

= lim z = 1 = 1

z"1 z + 1 1+1 2

Thus, the integral of complex function along the contour is obtained as

# f ^z hdz

C

= 2pi (sum of residues)

= 2pi b 1 l

2

= pi

Q. 27 The mean thickness and variance of silicon steel laminations are 0.2 mm and

0.02 respectively. The varnish insulation is applied on both the sides of the

laminations. The mean thickness of one side insulation and its variance are 0.1

mm and 0.01 respectively. If the transformer core is made using 100 such varnish

coated laminations, the mean thickness and variance of the core respectively are

(A) 30 mm and 0.22 (B) 30 mm and 2.44

(C) 40 mm and 2.44 (D) 40 mm and 0.24

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Q. 28 The function f ^x h = ex - 1 is to be solved using Newton-Raphson method. If the

initial value of x 0 is taken as 1.0, then the absolute error observed at 2 nd iteration

is _____.

Sol. 28 Correct answer is 0.06005.

We have the function,

f ^x h = ex - 1

So, its first derivative is obtained as

f l^x h = ex

By Newton-Raphson method, we have

f ^xi h

xi + 1 = xi -

f l^xi h

Since, we have the initial value,

x0 = 1

So, we obtain the 1st iteration as

in

f ^x 0h

.

x1 = x 0 -

f l^x 0h

co

x

= x0 - e - 1

0

.

ex 0

a

1

= 1 - e -1 1 = e-1 = .3678

Therefore, the 2nd iteration is

d i e

o f ^x1h

.n

x 2 = x1 -

f l^x1h

w

x

= x1 - e - 1

1

ex 1

w = x1 - 1 + e-x 1

w

= 0.3678 - 1 + e-0.3678

= .06005

Q. 29

The Nortons equivalent source in amperes as seen into terminals X and Y is

____.

To obtain the Norton equivalent along X -Y terminal, we redraw the given circuit

as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

. in

. co

i a

o d

Now, writing the KVL equation in two loops, we have

. n

5 - 5I1 - 5 ^I1 - Isc h = 0 ...(i)

w

- 5 ^Isc - I1h - 2.5Isc + 2.5 = 0 ...(ii)

w

Solving equation (i),

10I1 - 5Isc = 5

Solving equation (ii),

7.5Isc - 5I1 = 2.5

or 3Isc - 2I1 = 1

or 3Isc - Isc - 1 = 1 [using equation (iii)]

or 2Isc = 2

Thus, Isc = 1 A

i.e. the Norton equivalent source as seen into terminals X and Y is 1 A.

Q. 30 The power delivered by the current source, in the figure, is ____.

To obtain the required unknown, we redraw the given circuit as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Vx - 1 + Vx = 2

1 1

or 2Vx - 1 = 2

or Vx = 3

2

Therefore, the power delivered by current source is obtained as

in

= Voltage across current source # current through

current source

.

co

= 3#2 = 3W

.

2

a

Q. 31 A perfectly conducting metal plate is placed in x -y plane in a right handed

d i

coordinate system. A charge of + 32pe 0 2 coulombs is placed at coordinate

^0, 0, 2h. e 0 is the permittivity of free space. Assume i , j , k to be unit vectors

o

along x , y and z axes respectively. At the coordinate ^ 2 , 2 , 0h, the electric

.n

field vector E (Newtons/Coulomb) will be

w

w

w

(A) 2 2 k (B) - 2k

(C) 2k (D) - 2 2 k

Sol. 31 Correct option is (D).

We have the given system of a charge and a perfectly conducting metal plate as

shown below.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Due to presence of conducting plane, we can assume an image charge for the

system as shown below

. in

. co

i a

o d

. n

w

w

So, we can observe from the figure that electric field vector along x -y plane

w

is cancelled, i.e. zero. Therefore, the electric field vector acts along negative z

-direction and given as

E = d E1 + E2 n^- kth

"

...(i)

2 2

where E1 and E2 are the field intensity due to the charge Q and - Q at point

( 2 , 2 , 0). So, we obtain

Q 32pe 0 2

E1 = 1 2 = 1

4pe 0 r 4pe 0 ( ( 2 ) 2 + ( 2 ) 2 + (2) 2) 2

= 2

Similarly, we get, E2 = 2

Substituting these values in equation (i), we obtain

o^ h

"

E =e 2 + 2 - kt

2 2

=- 2kt

Q. 32 A series RLC circuit is observed at two frequencies. At w 1 = 1 krad/s , we note

that source voltage V1 = 100 0c V results in a current I1 = 0.03 31c A . At

w 2 = 2 krad/s , the source voltage V2 = 100 0c V results in a current I2 = 2 0c A

. The closest values for R, L, C out of the following options are

(A) R = 50 W ; L = 25 mH ; C = 10 mF ; (B) R = 50 W ; L = 10 mH ; C = 25 mF ;

(C) R = 50 W ; L = 50 mH ; C = 5 mF ; (D) R = 50 W ; L = 5 mH ; C = 50 mF ;

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Given the current and voltage at different frequencies as

At w 1 = 1 krad /s, V1 = 100 0 I1 = 0.03 31c

At w 2 = 2 krad /s, V2 = 100 0 I 2 = 2 0c

From the given data, it is clear that voltage and current are in phase at w 2 = 2 .

So, it satisfies the resonance condition. Therefore, we have

R = V = 100 = 50 W

I 2

Also, for the resonance circuit, we have

wL = 1

wC

or 103 # 2 # L = 1

2 # C # 103

or 4 # 106 L = 1 ...(i)

C

Again, at w = 1 krad/s, we have

in

cos 31c = R

.

Z

co

or cos 31c = R

R + b wL - 1 l

2

2

.

wC

or

i

cos 31c =

a 50 ...(ii)

d

2500 + b103 L - 1

103 C l

o

.n

Solving equations (i) and (ii), we get

L = 10 mH and C . 25 mF

Q. 33

w

A continuous-time LTI system with system function H ^wh has the following pole-

w

zero plot. For this system, which of the alternatives is TRUE ?

(B) H ^wh has multiple maxima, at w 1 and w 2

(C) H ^0 h < H ^w h ; w > 0

(D) H ^wh = constant; - 3 < w < 3

Sol. 33 Correct option is (D).

To obtain the system function, we redraw the given pole-zero plot as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

(S - Z1) (S - Z 1*) (S - Z2) (S - Z 2*)

H ^w h = K

(S - P1) (S - P 1*) (S - P2) (S - P 2*)

(S - Z1) (S - Z 1*) (S - Z2) (S - Z 2*)

So, | H (w) | = K ...(i)

(S - P1) (S - P 1*) (S - P2) (S - P 2*)

in

Since, we can observe from the pole-zero plot that

| P1 | = | Z2 |

.

co

and | P2 | = | Z1 |

.

Thus, the numerator and denominator terms of equation are cancelled. Hence,

i a

we get

d

| H (w) | = K

n o

A sinusoid x ^ t h of unknown frequency is sampled by an impulse train of period

.

Q. 34

20 ms. The resulting sample train is next applied to an ideal lowpass filter with

w

cutoff at 25 Hz . The filter output is seen to be a sinusoid of frequency 20 Hz. This

means that x ^ t h

(A) 10 Hz

w (B) 60 Hz

(C) 30 Hz

w (D) 90 Hz

Sol. 34

Correct option is (C).

Given the period of sampling train, TS = 20 ms

20 # 10-3

Let the frequency of signal x (t ) be fx

After sampling the signal, the sampled signal has the frequency

fS - fx = 50 - fx

and fS + fx = 50 + fx

Now, the sampled signal is applied to an ideal low-pass filter with cut off frequency,

fc = 25 Hz

Since, the output of the filter carried a single frequency component of 20 Hz. So,

it is clear that only lower component (fs - fx ) passes through the filter, i.e.

fS - fx < 25

and fS - fx = 20

50 - fx = 20

fx = 50 - 20 = 30 Hz

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

their respective Fourier Transforms are X ^wh and Y ^wh. Which of the following

statments is TRUE ?

(A) X ^wh and Y ^wh are both real (B) X ^wh is real and Y ^wh is imaginary

(C) X ^wh and Y ^wh are both imaginary (D) X ^wh is imaginary and Y ^wh is real

Sol. 35 Correct option is (B).

Given the relation,

y (t ) = d x (t )

dt

From the properties of Fourier transform we know that

if y (t ) = d x (t )

dt

Then Y (w) = jwX (w) ...(i)

where X (w) and Y (w) are the Fourier transform of x (t ) and y (t ) respectively.

Now, we have the function x (t ), which is differentiable, non-constant, even

in

function. So, its frequency response will be real, i.e. X (w) is real

.

Hence, equation (i) gives the result that Y (w) is imaginary.

co

Q. 36 An open circuit test is performed on 50 Hz transformer, using variable frequency

.

source and keeping V/f ratio constant, to separate its eddy current and hysteresis

a

losses. The variation of core loss/frequency as function of frequency is shown in

the figure

d i

o

.n

w

w

w

The hysteresis and eddy current losses of the transformer at 25 Hz respectively

are

(A) 250 W and 2.5 W (B) 250 W and 62.5 W

(C) 312.5 W and 62.5 W (D) 312.5 W and 250 W

Sol. 36 Correct option is (B).

Since, we know that

PC = PH f + Pe f 2 ...(i)

where PC = total core losses of the transformer

f = frequency

PH = Hysteresis losses constant

Pe = eddy current losses constant

Now, we have the plot of core loss/frequency versus frequency as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

PC = P + P f

in

H e ...(ii)

f

.

i.e. the plot between PC /f and f is a straight line. From the graph, we have the

co

values of PH and Pe as

.

PH = 10 ; Pe = 1

10

i a

From equation (i), we have the hysteresis and eddy current losses as

o d Pe = PH f + Pe f 2

S S

Hysteresis loss Eddy current loss

n

Thus, we get

. PH f = 10 # 25 = 250 W

w Pe f 2 = 1 # ^25h2 = 62.5 W

w

10

Q. 37 A non-salient pole synchronous generator having synchronous reactance of 0.8

w

pu is supplying 1 pu power to a unity power factor load at a terminal voltage of

1.1 pu. Neglecting the armature resistance, the angle of the voltage behind the

synchronous reactance with respect to the angle of the terminal voltage in degrees

is _______.

Sol. 37 Correct answer is 33.47.

For the non-salient synchronous generator, we have

Synchronous reactance, XS = 0.8 p.u.

Supplied power, P = 1 p.u.

Power, factor, cos f = 1

Terminal voltage, Vt = 1.1 p.u.

Since, power factor is unity, so phase angle of armature current is also zero. So,

we get

Ia = P = 1 = 1

Vt cos f (1.1) (1) 1.1

or Ia = 1 < 0c

1.1

Again, we define the armature current as

E +d - Vt +0

Ia = f

jXS

So, E f +d = Ia (jXS ) + Vt < 0

= 1 (j 0.8) + 1.1+0

1.1+0

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

= 1 0.8+90c + 1.1+0

1.1+0

= 1.1+0 + 0.8 +90c

1. 1

or E f cos d + jE f sin d = 1.1 + j 0.8 ...(i)

1.1

Now, we have the power equation

E V

P = f t sin d

XS

E (1.1)

1= f sin d

0.8

E f sin d = 0.8 ...(ii)

1.1

So, from equation (i), we get

E f cos d = 1.1 ...(iii)

Dividing equation (ii) by equation (iii), we get

E f sin d 0.8

=

in

E f cos d 1.1 # 1.1

.

tan d = 0.8

co

1.21

0.8

d = tan-1 b 1.21 l = 33.47c

a .

i

Q. 38 A separately excited 300 V DC shunt motor under no load runs at 900 rpm

drawing an armature current of 2 A. The armature resistance is 0.5 W and leakage

in rpm is _____.

o d

inductance is 0.01 H. When loaded, the armature current is 15 A. Then, the speed

.n

Correct answer is 880 rpm.

Sol. 38

w

At no load, we have

w

Armature resistance, ra = 0.5 W

Armature current, Ia = 2 A

w

Leakage inductance, L = 0.01 H

So, we draw the circuit as

E no load (1) = V - Ia Ra

or E1 = 300 - 2 ^0.5h

= 300 - 1 = 299 V

Again, when the load is applied, we have

Armature resistance, ra = 0.5 W

Armature current, Ia = 15 A

So, we draw the circuit as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Therefore, we obtain

E load (2) = V - Ia Ra

or E2 = 300 - 15 # 0.5

= 300 - 7.5 = 292.5

Since, we know that

E\N

in

E1 = N1

.

So,

E2 N2

co

or 299 = 900 (given N1 = 900 rpm )

292.5 N2

or

a .

N2 = 880 rpm

Q. 39

d i

The load shown in the figure absorbs 4 kW at a power factor of 0.89 lagging.

n o

.

w

w

w

Assuming the transformer to be ideal, the value of the reactance X to improve

the input power factor to unity is _________.

Sol. 39

Correct answer is 23.618 ohm.

We have the transformer circuit,

and the power factor is cos f 2 = 0.89 lagging

From the given circuit, voltage across load is V2 = 110 V

So, the current through the load is

I2 = P2 + - f

2

V2 cos f 2

= 4000 + - cos-1 0.89

110 # 0.89

= 40.858+ - 27.13c

This is the current through secondary winding of transformer. So, the current

through primary winding is given by

I1 = N 2

I 2 N1

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

N2 = Number of turns in secondary winding.

From the given circuit, we have

N1 = 2

N2 1

So, I 1

=1

I2 2

Therefore, I1 = I2 = 40.858+ - 27.13c

2 2

= 20.43+27.13c

Since, it is required to improve the input power factor to unity. So, the input

current should be red. Therefore, the imaginary part of I1 should pass through

reactance X . Thus, current through X is

IX = Im {I1}

= 20.43 sin (27.13c)

= 9.31

in

Hence, the reactance is

.

X = 220 = 220

co

IX 9.31

.

= 23.618 W

i a

The parameters measured for a 220 V/110 V, 50 Hz , single phase transformer

Q. 40

d

are :

o

Self inductance of primary winding = 45 mH

.n

Self inductance of secondary winding = 30 mH

Mutual inductance between primary and secondary windings = 20 mH

Using the above parameters, the leakage ^Ll1, Ll2h and magnetizing ^Lm h inductance

w

as referred to primary side in the equivalent circuit respectively, are

w

(A) 5 mH, 20 mH and 40 mH (B) 5 mH, 80 mH and 40 mH

w

(C) 25 mH, 10 mH and 20 mH (D) 45 mH, 30 mH and 20 mH

Sol. 40 Correct option is (B).

For long transmission lines (over 200 km), parameters of a line are not lumped

but distributed uniformally throughout its length. The ABCD parameter of

equivalent p circuit are given as

R V

S 1 + YZ Z b1 + YZ lW

A B S 2 6 W

>C DH = S YZ ...(i)

SY b 6 l 1+ 2 W

1+ YZ W

A B 1 + Y2 Z Zl

> H => H ...(ii)

C D Y1 + Y2 + Y1 Y2 Z 1 + Y1 Z

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

YZ

Zl = B = Z b1 + 6 l

where Z = zl = total series impedance/phase

Y = yl = total shunt admittance/phase

So, Z = j 0.5 # 400 = j200 W

Y = j 5 # 10-6 # 400 = j2 # 10-3 W

So, Zl

-3

j 2 20 # j 200

= j 200 c1 + # m = j 200 (- 0.066)

6

= j 200 # 0.934 = j 186.8 W

| Zl | = 186.8 W

Primary leakage reactance Ll1 = L1 - 2M = 45 - 2 (20)

in

= 5 mH

.

co

Self inductance of secondary winding refers to primary side

N1 2 V1 2

Ll2 = b N2 l L2 = bV2 l L2

a .

i

220 2

= b 110 l # 30

So,

o dLl2 = 120 mH

n

Leakage inductance of secondary referred to primary side

. Ll2 = Ll2 - 2M

w

= 120 - 2 (20) = 80 mH

w

magnetizing inductance, Lm = 2M = 2 (20) = 40 mm

For a 400 km long transmission line, the series impedance is ^0.0 + j0.5h W/km

w

Q. 41

and the shunt admittance is ^0.0 + j5.0h mmho/km . The magnitude of the series

impedance (in W ) of the equivalent p circuit of the transmission line is ____.

Sol. 41 Correct answer is 187

Q. 42 The complex power consumed by a constant-voltage load is given by ^P1 + jQ1h,

where, 1 kW # P1 # 1.5 kW and 0.5 kVAR # Q1 # 1 kVAR

A compensating shunt capacitor is chosen such that Q # 0.25 kVAR , where

Q is the net reactive power consumed by the capacitor load combination. The

reactive power (in kVAR) supplied by the capacitor is ____.

Sol. 42 Correct answer is 0.75kVAR.

Given the constant voltage load,

P1 + jQ1

where 1 kW < P1 < 1.5 kW

and 0.5 kVAR # Q1 # 1 kVAR

Now, the shunt capacitor is chosen such that reactive power across capacitor load

is

Q # 0.25 kVAR

Since, we have Q1 = 1 kVAR , therefore, capacitor will supply

QC = .75 kVAR

i.e. capacitor must supply .75 kVAR .

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Q. 43 The figure shows the single line diagram of a single machine infinite bus system.

is 50 Hz. Mechanical power is 1 pu. The system is operating at the stable equilibrium

point with rotor angle d equal to 30c. A three phase short circuit fault occurs at

a certain location on one of the circuits of the double circuit transmission line.

During fault, electrical power in pu is Pmax sin d . If the values of d and dd/dt at

the instant of fault clearing are 45c and 3.762 radian/s respectively, then Pmax (in

pu) is ______.

Sol. 43 Correct answer is 0.23 .

in

Q. 44 The block diagram of a system is shown in the figure

.

. co

i a

o d

If the desired transfer function of the system is

C ^s h

.n

= 2 s

R ^s h s +s+1

then G ^s h is

w

(A) 1 (B) s

w

(C) 1/s (D) -s

s3 + s2 - s - 2

w

Sol. 44 Correct option is (B).

We have the block diagram of given system as

G ^s h

1 + G ^s h

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Again, we obtain the closed loop transfer function for the dotted box as

sG ^s h

^s + 1h G ^s h + 1

So, the block diagram reduces to

. in

. co

i a

o d

Thus, we have the overall transfer function as

G ^s h

. n T.F. 2

^s + 1h G ^s h + 1

^s + s h G ^s h + s + G ^s h

w s 6^s + 1h G ^s h + 1@

w sG ^s h

w

=

^s 2

+ s + 1h G ^s h + s

ALTERNATIVE METHOD :

For the given block diagram, we draw the signal flow graph as

p1 = 1 G ^ s h s = G ^ s h

s

and the closed loops

G ^s h

L11 = 1 G ^s h^- 1h =- ;

s s

L12 = G ^s h^- 1h =- G ^s h;

and L13 = G ^s h s ^- 1h =- sG ^s h

So, the transfer function is obtained as

pT

T.F. = 1 1

T

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

G ^s h^1 h

=

G ^s h

1 - ;- - G ^s h - sG ^s hE

s

sG ^s h

T.F. =

s + G ^s h^s2 + s + 1h

For any value of G ^s h given in the options, the desired system transfer function

can not be achieved.

Q. 45 Consider the system described by following state space equations

xo1 0 1 x1 0 x1

> o H = >- 1 - 1H>x H + >1H u ; y = 81 0B>x H

x2 2 2

If u is unit step input, then the steady state error of the system is

(A) 0 (B) 1/2

(C) 2/3 (D) 1

Sol. 45 Correct option is (A).

in

We have the state space equation,

.

xo1 0 1 x1 0

> H => H> H + > H u

co

xo2 - 1 - 1 x2 1

x1

.

y = 81 0B> H

x2

i a

From the state-space equation, we obtain the matrices

d

0 1

A => H

o

-1 -1

.n

0

B => H

1

w

C = 81 0B

So, we obtain

w

w

S 0 0 1 S -1

6SI - A@ = > H-> H=> H

0 S -1 -1 1 S+1

Therefore,

S+1 1

H

S + S + 1 -1 S

2

T.F. = C [SI - A] -1 B

S+1 1 0

= 81 0B 2 1 > H> H

S + S + 1 -1 S 1

1

= 1 81 0B> H

2

S +S+1 S

= 2 1

S +S+1

This is the closed loop transfer function,

So we get

G (S )

= 2 1

1 + G (S ) S +S+1

G (S ) = 2 1

S +S

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

eSS = 1

1 + lim G (S )

S"0

= 1

1 + lim 1

d"0 d2 + d

=1 =0

1+3

Q. 46 The magnitude Bode plot of a network is shown in the figure

. in

. co

The maximum phase angle f m and the corresponding gain Gm respectively, are

a

(A) - 30c and 1.73 dB (B) - 30c and 4.77 dB

(C) + 30c and 4.77 dB

o

Sol. 46 Correct option is (C).

. n

Given the magnitude Bode plot,

w

w

w

Since, slope at 1/3 is increasing and slope at 1 is decreasing. So, we can write

frequency response function as

1

b 3 + jw l

G ^ jwh =

^1 + jwh

jw

3 c1 +

1/3 m

1

or G ^ jwh =

^1 + jwh

a

^1 + j w /a h

or G ^ jwh = b

^1 + jw/b h

Therefore, the maximum phase angle is

f m = 90c - 2 tan-1 _ a/b i

= 90c - 60c = 30c

and the maximum phase occur at

w = ab = 1/ 3

Thus, we obtain the gain at the frequency as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Gm

1 2

1 2

1 2 1/2

= 20 log f c 3 m + b 3 l p - 20 log e 1 + c 3 m o

2

= 4.76

Q. 47 A periodic waveform observed across a load is represented by

1 + sin wt 0 # wt < 6p

V^t h = )

- 1 + sin wt 6p # wt < 12p

The measured value, using moving iron voltmeter connected across the load, is

(A) 3 (B) 2

2 3

(C) 3 (D) 2

2 3

Sol. 47 Correct option is (A).

Moving iron instrument gives rms value, so measured value of moving iron is rms

of given function

1 + sin wt 0 # w t # 6p

in

v^t h = )

- 1 + sin wt 6p # wt # 12p

.

co#

So, we have

.

1/2

Vrms = = 1 ; # ^1 + sin wt h2 d ^wt h + ^- 1 + sin wt h2 d ^wt hEG

6p 12p

a

12p 0 6p

di

1/2

^1 + 2 sin wt + sin2 wt h d ^wt h + ^1 - 2 sin wt + sin2 wt h d ^wt hEG

6p 12p

= = 1 ;#

o

12p 0 #

n

6p

.

1/2

= = 1 ;6p + 6p + # 1 - cos 2wt d ^wt h + # 1 - cos 2wt d ^wt hEG

6p 12p

12p 2 2

w

0 6p

= : 1 612p + 6p@D

1/2

w

12p

w

= b 18 l = 3

1/2

12 2

Q. 48 In the bridge circuit shown, the capacitors are loss free. At balance, the value of

capacitance C1 in microfarad is ______.

Capacitor are lossless and bridge is balanced. On balancing, we have

z1 z 4 = z 2 z 3

Now, the given bridge circuit is

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35 # 103 # 1 = 105 # 103 # 1

jw # 0.1 # 10-6 jw # C

in

or C = 0.3 mF

.

Two monoshot multivibrators, one positive edge triggered ^M1h and another

co

Q. 49

negative edge triggered ^M2h, are connected as shown in figure

a .

d i

n o

.

w

w

The monoshots M1 and M2 when triggered produce pulses of width T1 and T2

w

respectively, where T1 > T2 . The steady state output voltage v 0 of the circuit is

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

We have the multivibrators circuit as shown below

in

When monoshot multivibrator M1 is triggered, it produces a pulse of T1 duration.

.

. co

i a

d

Similarly, when monoshot multivibrator M2 is triggered, it produces a pulse of T2

o

duration

.n

w

w

w

Let, the output Q2 is initially high.

So, the output vo will be high for time period T2 .

So, the output of AND gate is low. Since, M1 is positive triggered. So, M1 will be

OFF for duration T2 .

After T2 time,

Q2 = 0

and Q2 = 1

So, the output of AND gate is 1; i.e. M1 is triggered. Hence, output Q1 is high

for duration T1 . Since, M2 is negative edge triggered, So M2 will be off for the

duration T1 and hence, output vo will be as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

After T1 time, the output Q1 becomes low, and the M2 gets ON (due to negative

edge triggering). Hence, the output vo again goes high for duration T2 . Thus, the

complete output waveform is

. in

co

Q. 50 The transfer characteristic of the Op-amp circuit shown in figure is

a .

d i

n o

.

w

w

w

Given the op-amp circuit

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

Case I : when vi > 0

For this case, the diode conducts. Since, the voltage at negative and positive

terminals are same for ideal op-amp. So, for the 1st op-amp, we have

in

V 1- = V 1+ = 0

.

Therefore, the output of first op-amp is zero, which is applied to negative terminal

co

of second op-amp.

Thus we get the output vo = 0 .

.

Case II : when vi < 0

i a

For this case, the diode is open and the output of first op-amp is

d

Vo1 =- R vi =- vi

R

o

Therefore, the output of second op-amp is

.n

vo =- R vo1 = vi

R

w

Thus, we have the output voltage

w

0 vi > 0

vo = )

vi vi < 0

w

Hence, the transfer characteristic of op-amp circuit is

Q. 51 A 3-bit gray counter is used to control the output of the multiplexer as shown in

the figure. The initial state of the counter is 000 2 . The output is pulled high. The

output of the circuit follows the sequence

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

(A) I 0 , 1, 1, I1 , I 3 , 1, 1, I2 (B) I 0 , 1, I1 , 1, I2 , 1, I 3 , 1

(C) 1, I 0 , 1, I1 , I2 , 1, I 3 , 1 (D) I 0 , I1 , I2 , I 3 , I 0 , I1 , I2 , I 3

Sol. 51 Correct option is (A).

We have the given logic circuit

. in

Initial state of gray counter is ^000h2 . So, we have the outputs

co

A 0 = 0 and A1 = 0 and A2 = 0

.

For the enable input to multiplexer, we have

a

If E = 0 , then it will select any one of I 0 , I1 , I2 , I 3 .

i

If E = 1, then it will be in high impedance state.

d

So, we get the output of multiplexer for the different inputs (output of 3-bit gray

o

counter) as

. n

Initial counter output

000 I0

001

w 1 (High impedance state)

w

011 1 (High impedance state)

010 I1

w 110 I3

111 1 (High impedance state)

101 1 (High impedance state)

100 I2

Q. 52 A hysteresis type TTL inverter is used to realize an oscillator in the circuit shown

in the figure.

If the lower and upper trigger level voltages are 0.9 V and 1.7 V, the period (in

ms), for which output is LOW, is _____.

Sol. 52 Correct answer is 0.64 ms.

Given the oscillator circuit realiced using a hyteresis type TTL inverter as

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

UTL = 1.7 V

LTL = 0.9 V

For the capacitor, the voltage across it, is given as

Vc (t ) = Vc (3) + [Vc (0) - Vc (3)] e-t/RC

For the given data, we have

Vc (0) = 1.7 V

Vc (3) = 0 V

in

and Vc (t ) = 0.9

So, we obtain the time t after which output triggers as

.

co

-t/RC

0.9 = 0 + [1.7 - 0] e

.

3 -6

0.9 = 1.7e-t/(10 # 10 # 0.1 # 10 )

i

t = 0.636 # 10-3 sec

a

d

= 0.64 ms

o

A three-phase fully controlled bridge converter is fed through star-delta transformer

.n

Q. 53

as shown in the figure.

w

w

w

The converter is operated at a firing angle of 30c. Assuming the load current ^I 0h

to be virtually constant at 1 p.u. and transformer to be an ideal one, the input

phase current waveform is

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

. in

. co

i a

o d

. n

w

Correct option is (B).

Sol. 53

w

When R phase has maximum voltage at conducts and lines a and c conducts.

The current are divided into R and YB winding.

3R 3

current through B and Y = Io

3

Phase an conduct from 90 to 150

Io = 2I

3

where B conducts,

current through R and Y = Io

3

current through B = 2Io

3

The current through D -phase winding

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

. in

.co

A diode circuit feeds an ideal inductor as shown in the figure. Given

a

Q. 54

i

vs = 100 sin ^wt h V , where w = 100p rad/s , and L = 31.83 mH . The initial value

d

of inductor current is zero. Switch S is closed at t = 2.5 ms . The peak value of

o

inductor current iL (in A) in the first cycle is _____.

.n

w

w

w

Sol. 54 Correct answer is 17.07 A.

We have the diode circuit as

w = 100p rad/s

Vs = 100 sin ^wt h V

L = 31.83 mH = 31.83 # 10-3 H

When switch is closed at t = 2.5 ms , we have

Vs - L dI = 0 (in positive half cycle)

dt

or Vs = L dI ...(i)

dt

For the current to be maximum, we have

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

dI = 0

dt

or Vs = 0

So, Vs = 100 sin wt = 0

or wt = np

or p = 10 ms

t =

100p

Therefore, the current is obtained as

1 t V dt = IdI

L #t s #0

2

10 ms

or I =1 # V dt

L 2.5 ms s

1 100 sin wt + d ^wt h

10 ms

-3 #

in

=

31.83 # 10 2.5 ms

.

1 cos wt t = 10 ms

= -3 # 100 9- w Ct = 2.5 ms

co

31.83 # 10

= c 1 + 1m # 100 # 1

100

.

p -3

2 31 . 83 # 10

= 17.07 A

i a

Q. 55

o d

A single-phase voltage source inverter shown in figure is feeding power to a load.

The triggering pulses of the devices are also shown in the figure.

. n

w

w

w

If the load current is sinusoidal and is zero at 0, p , 2p ....., the node voltage VAO

has the waveform

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

. in

. co

i a

Sol. 55 Correct option is (D).

o d

.n

It is given that load current is sinusoidal, so continuous conduction.

when S1 is off from 0 to q , diode parallel to 53 conducts and VAO =-VDC

w

from q < angle < (p - q), S1 conducts VAO = VOC

2

w

2

w

Again from (p - q) to (q), diode conducts and VAO =-VDC

2

**********

GATE SOLVED PAPER - EE 2014-3

ANSWER KEY

General Aptitude

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

(D) (C) (C) (C) (C) (B) (D) (D) (C) (C)

Electrical Engineering

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

(C) (2) (A) (0.4- (C) (C) (A) (A) (A) (14)

0.5)

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

(D) (C) (12.45- (A) (B) (332) (C) (A) (2) (A)

in

12.65)

21 22 23 24 25 26

.

27 28 29 30

co

(D) (D) (C) (C) (B) (C) (D) (0.05- (2) (3)

a.

0.07)

i

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

d

(B) (B) (D) (C) (B) (B) (32.4- (879- (23-24) (B)

o

34.0) 881)

n

41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

(186- (0.75) (0.22-

.

(B) (A) (C) (A) (0.3) (C) (C)

188) 0.24)

w

w

51 52 53 54 55

w

(A) (0.62- (B) (16.6- (D)

0.66) 17.4)

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