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# Working stress method : -Design of Wall

Permissible Stresses :-
Given Data :-
1) Unit wt. of Liquid =10 kN/m
2) Grade of Concrete (For Liquid Retaining Structure) =M-35 Mpa
3) Grade of Steel =Fe-415 MPa
4)Bending moment = 7.6 kN.m
5)Width of section = 1000 mm
6)Depth of section = 200 mm
7)Lever arm (j) = 0.861

## Concrete :-(As per IS-456, Table-21, Page-81)

Direct Compressive Stress =9.0 N/mm2
Bending Stress =11.5 N/mm2
For Water Retaining structures :- (As per IS-3370 Part-II, 2009 ,Table-1 & 2 , Page-2, 3 )
Cracking due to Direct Tension =1.6 N/mm2
Cracking Tension in Bending =2.2 N/mm2
Shear =2.5 N/mm2
Reinforcement :-
Tensile stress in members under direct tension, Bending =130 N/mm2
Calculation of Uncracked B.M.Coefficient :-
st = 130 N/mm2
cbt = 2.2 N/mm2
pt % = 0.24%
therefore As (area of steel) = 0.24 %bd
Transformed area of steel into concrete =(m -1) x As
Modular Ratio = ( 280 / 3 ) x _x0001_cbc Where, ,cbc =11.50 N/mm2
= 8.12
Moment of Inertia = (1/12) X bd3 + 2(m-1) As( d/2)) = 0.0919
From theory of bending
M = ( cbt x I ) / y = 0.4042 bd2
For Liquid Retaining structures Q = 0.4042
Depth for Beam, Slab & Walls : -
Depth of beam / slab = ((B.M. x 10^6)/(0.4 = 137.12 mm

## Steel for Beam & Slab : -

Ast = (B.M. x 10^6) / ( st x j x d) = 339.50 mm2/Rmt
Minimum Ast = 0.24%xbxd = 480.00 mm2/Rmt
_x0001_ Therefore provided Ast = = 339.50 mm2/Rmt
using 10 mm dia bar, ast = 79 mm2
spacing = (astx1000)/(Ast provided) = 232.70 mm
Hence we provided 10 mm Dia bar at 175 mm c/c
Working stress method : -Design of beam (5mx1.75mx0.15m)
Designed for max depth of 1.75 m
Permissible Stresses :-
Given Data :-
1) Unit wt. of Liquid = 10 kN/m
2) Grade of Concrete (For Liquid Retaining Structure) = M-35 Mpa
3) Grade of Steel = Fe-415 MPa
4)Bending moment = 30 kN.m
5)Width of section = 150 mm
6)Depth of section = 1750 mm
7)Length of beam = 5000 mm
8)Lever arm (j) = 0.861

## Concrete :- (As per IS-456, Table-21, Page-81)

Direct Compressive Stress = 9.0 N/mm2
Bending Stress = 11.5 N/mm2
For Water Retaining structures :- (As per IS-3370 Part-II, 2009 ,Table-1 & 2 , Page-2, 3 )
Cracking due to Direct Tension = 1.6 N/mm2
Cracking Tension in Bending = 2.2 N/mm2
Shear = 2.5 N/mm2
Reinforcement :-
Tensile stress in members under direct tension, Bending = 130 N/mm2
Calculation of Uncracked B.M.Coefficient :-
st = 130 N/mm2
cbt = 2.2 N/mm2
pt % = 0.24%
therefore As (area of steel) = 0.24 %bd
Transformed area of steel into concrete = (m -1) x As
Modular Ratio = ( 280 / 3 ) x _x0001_cbc Where, = 11.50 N/mm2
= 8.12
Moment of Inertia = (1/12) X bd3 + 2(m-1) As( d/2)) = 0.0919
From theory of bending
M = ( cbt x I ) / y = 0.4042 bd2
For Liquid Retaining structures Q = 0.4042
Depth for Beam, Slab & Walls : -
Depth of beam / slab ((B.M. x 10^6)/(0.4042 x b)) = 703.42 mm

## Steel for Beam & Slab : -

Ast (B.M. x 10^6) / ( st x j x d) = 153.16 mm2
using 16 mm dia bar, ast = 200 mm2
No of bars = Ast/ast = 0.77
Hence we provided 4 nos, 16 mm Dia bar
CHECK FOR TENSILE STRESS FOR WALLS

t' cbt'
+ 1
t cbt

## 0.23125 + 0.518182 0.23125 HENCE OK

Base Pressure:
Vertical
Node L/C
Fy N/mm2
Max Px 2 1 DL 0.024
Min Px 2 1 DL 0.024
Max Py 123 4 COMBINATION LOAD CASE 4 0.057
Min Py 123 3 EARTH -0.004
Max Pz 2 1 DL 0.024
Min Pz 2 1 DL 0.024

## As max base pressure calculated from staad-pro is 0.057 N/mm2

so it is calculated as = 57 kN/m2
SBC of soil = 80 kN/m2
If max base pressure < S.B.C. of soil, then OK
Therefore, OK