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CAMBRIDGE INTERNATIONAL EXAMINATIONS

Cambridge International Advanced Subsidiary and Advanced Level

MARK SCHEME for the October/November 2015 series

9701 CHEMISTRY
9701/23 Paper 2 (AS Structured Questions), maximum raw mark 60

This mark scheme is published as an aid to teachers and candidates, to indicate the requirements of
the examination. It shows the basis on which Examiners were instructed to award marks. It does not
indicate the details of the discussions that took place at an Examiners meeting before marking began,
which would have considered the acceptability of alternative answers.

Mark schemes should be read in conjunction with the question paper and the Principal Examiner
Report for Teachers.

Cambridge will not enter into discussions about these mark schemes.

Cambridge is publishing the mark schemes for the October/November 2015 series for most
Cambridge IGCSE, Cambridge International A and AS Level components and some
Cambridge O Level components.

IGCSE is the registered trademark of Cambridge International Examinations.


Page 2 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge International AS/A Level October/November 2015 9701 23

Question Mark Scheme Mark Total

1 (a) regular arrangement / lattice of cations / positive ions [1]


surrounded by delocalised electrons [1] [2]

(b) (i) electrical conductor [1]


corrosion resistant [1]
[max2]
low density
ductile owtte

(ii) Giant / lattice [1] [1]

(iii) (electrical) insulator [1] [1]

(c) (i) Simple covalent / covalent molecule [1]

Weak intermolecular forces / VdW forces [1] [2]


OR
little energy needed to break down / overcome intermolecular / VdW forces

(ii) Al Cl
20.3 79.7
[1]
27 35.5
[2]
0.752 2.25
0.752 0.752

1 3 AlCl3 [1]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015


Page 3 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge International AS/A Level October/November 2015 9701 23

Question Mark Scheme Mark Total

m mRT 1.36 8.31 473


(iii) pV = RT Mr = = [1]
Mr pV 100 10 3 200 10 6
= 267 [1]

pV 100 103 200 106


OR pV = nRT n= = [2]
RT 8.31 473
= 5.09 10 3 [1]

1.36
Mr = = 267 [1]
5.09 10 3

(iv) Al2Cl6 [1] [1]

[13]

2 (a) (i) The enthalpy change when one mole of a compound [1]
is formed from its element(s) [1] [2]

(ii) S(s) + 1O2(g) SO3(l) [1] [1]

(b) (i) 944 + (3 436) = 2252 [1]


6 390 = 2340 [1] [3]
2252 2340 = 88 (kJ mol1) [1]

(ii) Fe catalyst [1]


200 atm [1] [3]
400500 ()C [1]

(iii) High T increases rate AND Low T improves yield owtte [1]
Chosen temp is a compromise [1]
[4]
High P favours / increases (both rate and) yield owtte [1]
pressure chosen limited by cost (of compression and thick walls) [1]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015


Page 4 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge International AS/A Level October/November 2015 9701 23

Question Mark Scheme Mark Total

(c) (i) 2NH3 + H3PO4 (NH4)2HPO4 [1] [1]

(ii) NH3 identified as base AND H3PO4 identified as acid [1]


base accepts protons AND acid donates protons [1] [2]

(d) (i) nitrates / fertilisers wash into rivers [1]


eutrophication / algal bloom / promote algal growth [1]
bacteria use up oxygen in decay process [1] [3]

(ii) (oxides of nitrogen / NOx / NOs) cause acid rain [1]

2NO2 + H2O HNO2 + HNO3 [1]


OR [2]
4NO2 + 2H2O + O2 4HNO3
OR
SO2 + NO2 SO3 + NO AND SO3 + H2O H2SO4

[21]

3 (a) (i) structural isomers: (different molecules with) same molecular formula
but different structural formulae [1]
[2]
chiral: has a carbon / C attached to 4 different groups / atoms / chains OR has no plane / line of symmetry / has
non-superimposable mirror images [1]

(ii) CH3CH2CH(CH3)CH2CH2CH3 [1]


3-methylhexane [1]
[4]
CH3CH(CH3)CH(CH3)CH2CH3 / (CH3)2CHCH(CH3)CH2CH3 [1]
2,3-dimethylpentane [1]

(b) (i) C7H16 + 11O2 7CO2 + 8H2O [1] [1]

(ii) C7H16 + 4O2 7C + 8H2O [1] [1]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015


Page 5 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge International AS/A Level October/November 2015 9701 23

Question Mark Scheme Mark Total

(iii) global dimming / PAN / smog / global warming [1] [1]

(c) (i) (Free) Radical Substitution [1] [1]

(ii) Cl2 2Cl [1]


OR
Cl2 Cl + Cl

C7H16 + Cl C7H15 + HCl [1]


[5]
C7H15 + Cl2 C7H15Cl + Cl [1]

C7H15 + Cl C7H15Cl OR C7H15 + C7H15 C14H30 [1]

Initiation; Propagation; Termination (used correctly) [1]

[15]

4 (a) (i) CH3CH2OH + HCl CH3CH2Cl + H2O


or
CH3CH2OH + PCl5 CH3CH2Cl + HCl + POCl3 [1+1] [2]
or
CH3CH2OH + SOCl2 CH3CH2Cl + HCl + SO2

(ii) NaOH / KOH [1]


[2]
warm / heat / reflux AND aqueous [1]

(b) (i) CH2=CH2 / ethane / C2H4 / CH2CH2 [1] [1]

(ii) White ppt / solid / suspension [1] [1]

(iii) Ag+(aq) + Cl (aq) AgCl (s) [1] [1]

(c) (i) CH3CHO / ethanal [1] [1]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015


Page 6 Mark Scheme Syllabus Paper
Cambridge International AS/A Level October/November 2015 9701 23

Question Mark Scheme Mark Total

(ii) CH3CH2OH higher bpt than CH3CHO ora [1]

due to hydrogen bonding in ethanol / stronger IMFs [1] [3]

prevents further oxidation owtte [1]

[11]

Cambridge International Examinations 2015