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. ..

.. , .. , .. ,
.. , ..

-105

2015 .
1
-
.



e
( - ).
m
(
, ,
..). ,
(
) .
q m
B ,

v (. . 1).
,


(v c -
).



,

. 1

mv 2
E = E. , .. = qU (1)
2

2
U -
.
2qU
, v = (2)
m
,
B - v = v sin

, B - v = v cos .
, ,
:
FB = q v ; B (3)

FB = qvB sin
() :
FB qvB sin
an = = (4)
m m

(3), FB B
. , v

.
,
v B
-
B v

, B . ,
,
B . ,
(4)
:
v 2 qvB sin
an = = (5)
R m
m v sin
R = (6)
q B

3
R :
2 R mv sin m
T= = 2 = 2 B (7)
v qBv sin q

, :
2 q
= = B (8)
T m
(6)
. ,
. (8)
, .. -
.

.

( = )
2
R.
(6):
e vR
= (9)
m B
, B ,
v R,
, .



. 2. - 1,
2, 3 4,
5 6, 7 8.

. 2

- . 3.
,
6,3 .
U ~ 250
2 6.
B ,
(. 4). B
:
3
4 2 I
B = 0 n (10)
5 R

n - ,

5
I - , ,
R - .
e
, (9) (2)
m

v (10) B :
e 125 U R2
= (11)
m 32 02 n 2 I 2 R 2

R = 0, 2
n = 154. I, ,
5.

, ,
1 0,004
.
( 8)
, R
8. R = 20, 30,
40 50 , .. 40,60, 80 100
. R = 20,
30, 40 50 ,
.

6

1.
(. 3 4).

. 3

. 4

7
2. -
.
.
3. 2 4
5 6.
4. 6
U = 100 .
5. I, ,
R = 20 (
).
6. I 5
1.
7.
U = 120 , 140 .
8. U, 5,
R = 20 .
9.
U = 120 , 140 1.
10. I, ,
R = 30
U = 100 , 120 , 280 .
11.
5 1.
12. 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 R = 40 50 .
13. . 1
e
. 1.
m
14. -

:
e
= 1, 759 1011 (12)
m
8
e
(12).
m
15. .

1
R = 0,02 R = 0,03 R = 0,04 R = 0,05
e e e e
U, I, , I, , I, , I, ,
m m m m

. ,
, B
v .
-
.

:
1. ?
2. ,
30?
3. ,
e
?
m

:
1. .., .., .. . -
: . .. (: " "), 2013.
- 422 .
2. .. . - .: , 2003. - 624 .
9