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Estimation

Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b


What is 18 6?
1,800 3

18 x 100
18 hundreds 3 = 6 hundreds
180 3

18 x 10
18 tens 3 = 6 tens
Look at
task 6,
textbook
page 14.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
180,000 3

180 x 1,000
180 thousands 3 = 60 thousands
Add, subtract,
multiply & divide
large numbers.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
27 + 6

27 ones 6 ones

27 ones + 6 ones = 33 ones


27,000 + 6,000

27 thousands + 6 thousands

27 thousands + 6 thousands = 33 thousands


Look at
task 7a,
textbook
page 14.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
7a

2,700,000

27 hundred thousands
7a

27 hundred thousands
+ 6 hundred thousands
33 hundred thousands
7a
Another way to show this is

2,700,000 + 600,000
= 3,300,000
Lets practice using
place value to add
and subtract faster.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
What is 45 - 8?

45 ones - 8 ones = 37 ones


What is 450 - 80?

45 tens - 8 tens = 37 tens


What is 17 + 9?
What is 1,700 + 900?
170,000 + 90,000
What is 34 + 7?
340,000 + 70,000
3,400,000,000
+ 700,000,000
Look at
task 7b,
textbook
page 14.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
7b

45 hundred thousands
- 8 hundred thousands
37 hundred thousands
7b
Another way to show this is

4,500,000 - 800,000
= 37,000,000
We can use the
same strategy for
multiplication & division.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
Do tasks:
C&D
Page 14

Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2a


7c

What is 7 x 4?
7c
How can we see

700,000 x 4
to solve the problem quickly?
7d

What is 35 5?
7d
How can we see

350,000 5
to solve the problem quickly?
We can estimate by
rounding before simple
operations.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
369,820 + 30,317
369,820 + 30,317

370,000 + 30,000
Look at
task 8,
textbook
page 14.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
To what place value should we round

293,400
to easily solve our problem? 8
8

293,400 x 6
300,000 x 6
8
3 hundred thousands
x 6 .
18 hundred thousands
= 1 million, 8 hundred thousands
= 1,800,000
How do I know which
place to round to?

Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b


Which equation is easiest?

293,000 290,000 300,000


x 6 x 6 x 6

Original Number: 293,400


293,400
300,000
Look at
task 9,
textbook
page 14.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
To what place value should we round

542,300
to easily divide it by 8? 9
In division, we bend the
rules of rounding
based on divisibility.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
9 Which numbers are divisible by 8?

542,300 8
9

Which multiple
of 8 is closest
to a number in

542,300
9

542,300
560,000
9

70,000
8 560,000
9

56 ten thousands
8 .
7 ten thousands
In division, find
the closest multiple
of the divisor.
Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2b
Do tasks:
10 - 11
Page 14

Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2a


1 2

Tasks: Workbook
10 - 11 Exercise 3
Page 14 Pages 9 - 11
10. Page 14
A. 600,000 + 600,000 = 120,000
B. 7,800,000 + 900,000 = 8,700,000
C. 800,000 - 400,000 = 400,000
D. 4,600,000 -700,000 = 3,900,000

11. (answers may vary depending on degree of rounding)

A. 400,000 x 9 - 3,600,000

B. 1,000,000 x 5 = 5,000,000

C. 480,000 / 6 = 80,000

D. 360,000 / 4 = 90,000

Workbook
Exercise 3
Pages 9 - 11

Chapter 2 Lesson 1.2a