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MECHANICAL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

DJJ3053
ENGINEERING MECHANICS

LAB REPORT

PRACTICAL 1
( FUNDAMENTALS OF STATICS )

GROUP MEMBERS:

NO NAME REGISTRATION NO

LECTURERS NAME: PUAN YUNIZA BINTI AHMAD


Laboratory Report (100%)

Evaluation Scale
Criteria
Excellent (4) Satisfactory Needs (3) Improvement (2) Deficient (1) Score
Detail information about Information is nearly Some introductory Little / incorrect
the topics, complete, objective information and information
Introduction objective/outcome stated, /outcome stated but missing some major given
theory explained clearly theory explained points
generally
Detail information about Briefly information Little information List the
Equipment
equipments used & safety about equipments used given & irrelevant equipment
& Safety
precaution taken in & safety precaution safety precaution used only
Precaution
laboratory.
The procedure contains Detail procedure are Aprocedure is Missing several
enough detail how the covered with a few missing some important
Procedures experiment was performed mistake in sentences important experimental
in excellent sentences. Information and not details
written properly
Data is recorded and Data is recorded and Data is recorded Data is poorly
analysis is well organized been analyzed with few and been analyzed recorded and
Data
(tables/graph). calculations and some but no calculation to no analysis
Analysis
Calculations are shown of the units is missing support have been
and units are present made
All important trends and Almost all of the results Some of the results Data is
data comparison have have been correctly have been correctly interpreted
been discussed & interpreted and interpreted but not incorrectly &
Discussions
interpreted correctly, good discussed, only minor been discussed, the argument is
understanding leads to improvements are lack of weak or non-
conclusions needed understanding existent
Summarizes the essential Conclusion drawn Conclusion have Conclusion
data used to draw successfully but could been drawn missing /
conclusions, conclusions be better stated to show generally, many unable to draw
Conclusion follow data (not wild understanding. misstated, indicating the important
guesses or leaps of logic), a lack of points
student shows good understanding
understanding
Retrieve relevant Retrieve relevant Some references References are
information from various information from one are inappropriate & inappropriate &
References sources & formatted source (eg: internet formatted incorrectly formatted
properly only) & formatted incorrectly
properly
Neat, organized with Somewhat
headings, few lacking in
spelling / grammar organization,
Format errors multiple
spelling /
grammar
errors, not neat

Note: This rubric is to be used with lab write-up handout.


If any part of write-up is missing, a score of 0 will be given.
1.0 Objective
At the end of this experiment student should be able :-
To ilustrate the concapts of force and their components
Draw a Free-Body-Diagram(FBD)
Use data taken to prove an equilibrium of forrce

2.0 Theory

A particle is said to be equilibrium if tge particle is at rest (if originally


at rest) or has consistant velocity (if originally in motion). However ,
the term `equilibrium or more precisely `static equilibrium is
normally used to describe an object at rest. In oder to maintain
equilibrium, it is necessary to satisfy Newton s First Law of Motion.
Newton s First Law of Motion requires that the resultant force
acting on a particle to be equal to zero.This condition may be
expressed as

= 0
Where is the vector sum of all the forces acting on a particle

And the supporting forces also can be determined via balances of


moment.Balance of moment around support A and B:

= 0 :RB(L)FC X =0

RB = FC X/L

L
RC

RA RB
3.0 Equipment & Safety Precaution

The equipment that be use in the experiment is :-


Beam Apparatus
10 N Weight slot
Steel bar

Safety precaution are maintain focus in the experiment. There for we


had a rule when entering the labatory like so:-
Wearing a suitable clothing in the lab
Listening to the Lecturer oder
Caution when using the equipment

4.0 Procedure
1.0 Assemble all the equipment or apparatus that will be
used.
2.0 A 10N weight slot is tie to distance X from point A.
3.0 The values of force is taken using a dynomometer.
5.0 Results

Length Load
(X)
RA (N) RB (N)

10cm 10 1

20cm 9.9 2

30cm 9.8 3.5

40cm 9.7 4.5

6.0 Discussion
Values of the bending stresses obtain from the experiment are
presented in the table above and they are arranged in the respective cell
according to the load that produce that bending moment. All the data is
presented and according to that the theoretical bending moment is
showing linear relation with the load means the value of the theoretical
bending moment increase with the increase in the value of applied load
and decrease with the decrease in the value of applied load. The ratio
with which there is an increase and decrease in the value of theoretical
bending moment is equal to the ratio with which there is an increase
and decrease in the value of applied load.Other than that there is very
little different between both value which show the correctness of
apparatus and skills of the worker. Little different between the values is
due to human error which cannot be minimize due to the human
capabilities limitation.
7.0 Conclusion

Aim of this task was to study the effect of different forces on the bending
moment in the beam and the result show that there is a linear relationship
between bending moment and applied load. Experimental and theoretical
bending moment shows perfect linear relationship with applied load with very
little difference in the values of bending moment.

8.0 References
Engineering Mechanical book
Wikipedia ( Equilibrium of Forces)

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