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Drr Dental Compressors with

membrane-drying unit


Installation and Operating Instructions



Important Information
1. General  4 10. Circuit diagrams  18
1.1 Note on Conformity  4 10.1 Model type 1/N/PE AC 230V  18
1.2 General Notes  4 10.2 Model type 3/N/PE AC 400V  18
1.3 Appliance disposal  4 10.3 Model type 3/N/PE AC 400V,
1.4 Correct Usage  4 2 aggregates, Duo Tandem  19
1.5 Incorrect Usage  5 10.4 Model type 3/N/PE AC 400V, 2
1.6 Use of peripheral units  5 aggregates, Quattro Tandem  19 EN
2. Safety  5 10.5 Model type 3/N/PE AC 230V, 2
2.1 General Safety Notes  5 aggregates, Quattro Tandem  20
2.2 Safety notes concerning protection
from electrical current  5
3. Warnings and Symbols  6
3.1 Model identification plates  6
4. Delivery Contents  7
4.1 Special accessories  7 11. Operation  21
4.2 Disposable materials  7 11.1 Turning the compressor On / Off  21
5. Technical Data  8 12. Maintenance intervals Operator /
6. Functional layout  10 Service Technician  22
6.1 Compressor with dry air unit  10 13. Maintenance  22
6.2 Compressor without a dry air unit  10 13.1 Pressure reducer  22
7. Functional Description  11 13.2 Setting the pressure reducer  23
7.1 Compressor with dry air unit  11 13.3 Drain off condensated water  23
7.2 Compressor without a dry air unit  11 13.4 Check safety valve settings  23
13.5 Changing the filter  24
13.6 Change vibration dampers  25
14. Deactivation  25

8. Transport and storage conditions  13
9. Set-up and initial use  13 Troubleshooting
9.1 Ambient conditions  13
9.2 Compressed air connections  14 15. Tips for Operators and Technicians  26
9.3 Electrical connections  15 16. Tips for Technicians  27
9.4 Switch on compressor  15
9.5 Motor protection switch settings  16
9.6 Check safety valve settings  16
9.7 Check pressure switch and reset
where deviant  16
9.8 Drain off condensated water  17

2009/03 3
all good faith. Drr Dental deny any liability for
Important inaccurate translation and in the case of any
doubts the user should contact Drr Dental or
Information their supplier. The enclosed German version of
the Installation and Operating Instructions is
1. General the original.
Any reprinting of the technical documentation,
1.1 Note on Conformity in whole or in part, is subject to prior approval
This product has been designed and produced of Drr Dental being given in writing.
according to the relevant directives conserning Retain the packaging for possible return of the
such appliances under the European Union and product to the manufacturers. Ensure that the
has undergone conformity testing and has been packaging is kept out of the reach of children.
found to adhere to all requirements covered by Only the original packaging provides adequate
EN these directives, see Declaration of Conformity.
protection during transport of the unit. Should
return of the product to the manufacturers be
1.2 General Notes necessary during the guarantee period, Drr
These Installation and Operating Instructions Dental accepts no responsibility for damage
form an integral part of the unit. They must be occurring during transport where the original
kept close to the unit at all times. Precise ob- packaging was not used!
servance of these instructions is a precondi-
tion for use of the unit for the intended purpo- 1.3 Appliance disposal
se and for its correct operation. New person-
The EU-guidelines 2002/96/EG - WEEE (Waste
nel must be made aware of the contents, and
Electric and Electronic Equipment) of 27th
they should be passed on to future operating
January 2003 and their latest adoption into nati-
onal law state that dental products must be tre-
Safety for the operator as well as trouble-free ated as under the said guidelines and, within the
operation of the unit are only ensured if use is European Union, must be disposed of as spe-
made of original equipment parts. Only acces- cial waste. Any questions concerning the dispo-
sories which are expressly mentioned in the sal of these products can be addressed either
Installation and Operating Instructions may be to Drr Dental or to your secialist dental dealer.
connected or those recommended explicitly
by Drr Dental. If other accessories are used
with this appliance, Drr Dental cannot gua-
1.4 Correct Usage
rantee safe operation or proper functioning. The compressor is designed for supplying com-
No liability on the part of the manufacturer will pressed air for the operation of dental equip-
be accepted in the case that damage arises ment or similar applications.
through the use of non-approved accessories. Installation inside a medical supply equipment:
During development and construction of the
Drr Dental are only responsible for the equip-
compressor all legal and technical requirements
ment with regard to safety, reliability and pro-
concerning medical products were taken into
per functioning where assembly, resettings,
condideration where possible. This appliance
changes or modifications, extensions and re-
may be installed in facilities providing medical
pairs have been carried out by Drr Dental or
care. If this unit is installed in medical supply
an agency authorized by Drr Dental and if
equipment, then during installation all require-
the equipment is used in conformity with the
ments governing medical gas supply units as
Installation and Operating Instructions.
well as all relevant standards and laws, especial-
These Installation and Operating Instructions ly the laws concerning medication and medical
conform to the relevant version of the equip- supplies, must be strictly observed.
ment and the underlying safety standards va- Any usage above and beyond that explicitly
lid at the time of going to press. All switches, mentioned in the installation and operating in-
processes, trade marks, software programs structions is deemed to be incorrect usage. The
and appliances named in this document are manufacturer cannot be held liable for any da-
registered names. mage resulting from incorrect usage. The opera-
This translation of the Installation and tor / user bears all risks.
Operating Instructions has been carried out in

4 2009/03
1.5 Incorrect Usage where explosions could occur are those
where flammable anesthetic material, skin
This compressor is not to be opera- cleansers, oxygen and skin disinfectants are
ted in operating theatres. present. This appliance is not to be used in
The compressed air is not to be areas where the atmosphere could cause fire.
used for respiration appliances or
for similar uses, e.g. those found in
2.2 Safety notes concerning pro-
operating theatres.
tection from electrical current
This appliance may only be operated from a
1.6 Use of peripheral units correctly installed power outlet.
Appliance may only be connected together Before connecting to the electricity supply the
when absolutely sure that the safety of the pati- appliance must be inspected and checked
ent, operator or the environment will not be that the supply voltage and the supply fre- EN
endangered in any way whatsoever. quency correspond to that of the local electri-
Where it is not clear from the documentation ac- cal supply.
companying any device that it is safe to connect
Before initial use and start-up the appliance
to another appliance, then the customer/opera-
and all supply lines must be checked for any
tor must establish, e.g. by contacting the ma-
signs of damage. Damaged cables, plugs and
nufacturer or consulting a technical expert, that
sockets must be replaced before use.
the necessary safety for the patient, operator or
the environment will not be endangered in any When using the appliance observe all the rele-
way whatsoever. vant electrical safety procedures.

2. Safety
2.1 General Safety Notes
This appliance has been so designed by Drr
Dental that any danger in operation is out of the
question when the appliance is used correctly.
In spite of this, we feel it is our duty to mention
the following safety measures in order to pre-
vent any possible danger.
When operating this unit then all local and na-
tional regulations must be strictly observed,
e.g. Healthy and Safety at Work regulations!
Converting or modifying the appliance in any
way is strictly prohibited. In such cases, any
and all guarantees immediately become inva-
lid. The operation of modified appliances can
be punishable by law. In the interests of trou-
ble-free operation the operator is responsible
for observing these regulations.
Installation must be carried out by a technical
Before every use the operator must check the
functional safety and the condition of the
The operator must be knowledgeable in the
operation of the appliance.
The product is not designed to be used in
medical treatment areas where there exists
the danger of explosion. Areas

2009/03 5
3. Warnings and Symbols Warning! Hot surface

The following terms and symbols have been

used in these installation and operating instruc-
tions for especially important information: Remove from mains power supply.

Information and/or mandatory re-

gulations or prohibitions for the
Special information regarding economi-
prevention of personal injury or sub-
cal use of the appliance or other
stantial property damage
Warning high voltage
Take all environmental influences into
Do not operate this appliance in wet or
EN Warning! Compressor can start up
damp environments

Model identification plate compressor, for 3.1 Model identification plates

example Duo
REF Reference number for ordering
SN Serial number
IP Protection class
S1 Duty cycle 100%
pS maximum pressure
Tmin minimum ambient temperature
Tmax maximum ambient temperature

Read the accompanying documentation


Date of manufacture

Dispose of correctly according to EU-

guidelines (2002/96/EG-WEE)

Model identification plate dry air unit Plus

6 2009/03
4. Delivery Contents
Installation and
Operating Instructions 9000-610-45/30
Accessories  5410-002-00
(incl.. pressure hoses 8x3x14, length 2 m)

Only for compressors equipped with dry air

Collector tray  3413-001-00

4.1 Special accessories

The following parts are special accessories and EN
must be ordered separately as required.
Order as necessary!
Wooden cabinet for models 
5150, 5152, 5170, 5172,
5250, 5252, 5270, 5272 5150-500-00
4152, 4252, 5352, 5450, 5452 4251-500-00
Pressure reducer 6040-992-00
Stop valve  5150-983-00
Sterile filter 1640-981-00

4.2 Disposable materials

Intake filter for compressors
Primo, Duo, Trio, Quattro, Duo
Tandem and Quattro Tandem  0832-982-00
Tornado  5430-982-00

Dry air unit

Sintered filter 1650-101-00
Fine filter 1610-121-00
Sterile filter 1640-981-00

2009/03 7
5. Technical Data
Model Primo Duo Duo Trio Quattro
5152-01a 5252-01a 5252-51a 5352-01a 5452-51a
5150-01b 5250-01b 5250-51b 5450-51b
Voltage V 230 230 400 230 400

Frequency Hz 50 - 60 50 - 60 50 - 60 50 50 - 60

Current consumption at 8 bar A 4.3C - 4.4C 6.3C - 7.0C 3.1C - 2.5C 8,6 4.4C - 4.8C

Motor protection switch

max. permitted settings 6,3 8,5 3,5 10 6,3
recommended settings A 5.6C - 4.4C 6.5C - 7.6C 3.2C - 2.5C 8,6 4.4C - 5.0C

Rated power kW 0.80C - 0.98C 1.30C - 1.60C 1,40 1,90 2.20C - 2.95C
RPM min -1
1440 - 1710
1360 - 1600
1410 - 1690
1350 1440C - 1700C

Mains fuse LS-10A d

LS-10A d
LS-10A d
LS-10A d

Fuse type IP X4B IP X4B IP X4B IP X4B IP X4B

Noise levels dB(A) 66C - 69C 66C - 69C 66C - 69C 69 70C - 75C

Flow rate at 5 bar

with dryair unita 52C - 61C 105C - 120C 105C - 120C 160 215C - 240C
w/o dryair unitb l/min 60C - 70C 120C - 135C 120C - 135C - 230C - 260C

On / Off pressure settings bar 6 / 7.8 6 / 7.8 6 / 7.8 6 / 7.8 6 / 7.8

Safety valve settings, maximum

permissible operating pressure bar 10 10 10 10 10

Pressure tank volume l 20 20 20 50 50

Duty cycle % 100 100 100 100 100

Filter size:
filter compressor  m 3 3 3 3 3

Fine filter for dry air unit  m 3 3 3 3 3

Sterile filterf for dry air unit m 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01

Sintered filter for dry air unit m 35 35 35 35 35

with dryair unita 45 47 47 70 82
w/o dryair unitb kg 40 42 42 77

Dimensions (H x B x T)
m.Trolua 69 x 49 x 46 69 x 49 x 46 69 x 49 x 46 76 x 74 x 52 76 x 74 x 52
o.Trolub cm 67 x 49 x 43 65 x 49 x 43 65 x 49 x 43 - -

Charge time 0-7.5 bar

with dryair unita 156C - 134C 83C - 70C 83C - 70C
w/o dryair unitb s 125C - 105C 65C - 55C 65C - 55C 136 102C - 91C

Storage and transport conditions

Operating temperature: 25 C to +55 C, 24 h to +70 C
Operating conditions
Relative humidity: < 90% (without condensation)
Temperature: +10 C to +40 C, optimal +10 C to +25 C
The pressure dew point of all compressors with dry air units < 5 C, measured at room temperature of
40 C and relative humidity of > 60 %
a with a dry air unit
b without a dry air unit)
c Value depends on electrical frequency
d Fusing LS-switch X A, characteristics B, C and D under DIN EN 60898
e measured value at 5 bar
f Special accessories
8 2009/03
Model Duo Duo Quattro Quattro Tornado Tornado Tornado
Tandem Tandem Tandem Tandem 70 130 130
4152-01a 4252-01a 4642-51a 4682-51a 5172-01a 5272-01a 5272-02a
4152-51a 4252-51a 4680-51b 5170-01b 5270-01b 5270-02b
1 generator 2 generators 1 generator 2 generators

Voltage V 230 / 400 230 / 400 400 230 / 400 230 230 220

Frequency Hz 50 - 60 50 - 60 50 - 60 50 - 60 50 - 60 50 60

Current consumption at 8 6.3 - 7.0

12.2 - 14.3
8.8 - 9.6

bar A 3.1C - 2.5C 6.2C - 5.0C 4.4C - 4.8C 15,2C - 16,6C 4.9C - 4.3C 6,7 7,9

Motor protection switch

max. permitted sett. A 8.5 / 3.5 8.5 / 3.5 6,3 6,3 / 10,0 6,3 8,5 10 EN
recommended sett. A 6.5C - 7.6C / 6.5C - 7.6C / 4.4C - 5.0C
3.2C - 2.5C 3.2C - 2.5C 4.4C - 5.0C 7,6 C - 8,5 C 5.1C - 4.3C 7,0 8,0

Rated power kW 1.3C - 1.6C 2.7C - 3.3C 2.2C - 2.95C 4.4C - 5.9C 0.92C - 0.97C 1,42 1,70
1,40 2.8C - 2.84C

RPM min-1 1410C- 1690C 1410C - 1690C 1440C - 1700C 1440C- 1700C 1420C- 1700C 1380 1710

Mains fuse LS-10A d

LS-20A d
LS-10A d
LS-10A d
LS-10A d
LS-10A d
LS-10Ad LS-20A d
Fuse type IP X4B IP X4B IP X4B IP X4B IP X4B IP X4B IP X4B

Noise levels dB(A) 68C - 70C 69C - 74C 70C - 73C 74C - 77C 68C - 72C 70 74

Flow rate at 5bar

with dryair unita 105C - 120C 210C - 240C 215C-240C 430C-480C 62C - 72C 125 135
w/o dryair unitb l/min - - -
470C - 540C 70C - 80C 140 150

On / Off pressure set-

tings  bar 6 / 7.8 6 / 7.8 6.5 / 8.5 6.5 / 8.5 6 / 7.8 6 / 7.8 6 / 7.8

Safety valve settings,

maximum permissible
operating pressure  bar 10 10 10 10 10 10 10

Pressure tank volume l 50 50 90 90 20 20 20

Duty cycle % 100 100 100 100 100 100 100

Filter size:
filter compressor m 3 3 3 3 2 2 2

Fine filter for

dry air unit m 3 3 3 3 3 3 3

Sterile filterf
for dry air unit m 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01

Sintered filter for dry air

unit m 35 35 35 35 35 35 35

with dryair unita 64 90 98 143 36 52 52
w/o dryair unitb kg - - - 134 41 47 47

Dimensions (H x W x D)
with dryair unita 76 x 75 x 52 76 x 79 x 52 76 x102x 62 76 x102x 62 72 x 49 x 46 72 x 49 x 46 72 x 49 x 46
w/o dryair unitb cm - - - - 66 x 49 x 43 66 x 49 x 43 66 x 49 x 43

Charge time 0-7.5 bar

with dryair unita 198C - 173C 113C - 99C 180C - 156C 89C - 77C 126C - 109C 60 58
w/o dryair unitb s - - - - 100C - 85C 45 40

2009/03 9
6. Functional layout
6.1 Compressor with dry air unit

2 3
16 1

EN 4


12 8


6.2 Compressor without a dry air unit

15 1 Diaphragm dryer
2 Pressure limiting valve
3 Rinsing nozzles
4 Dryer hollow fibres
5 Fine filter / Sterile filter
5a Sintered filter
6 Condense water
14 collector
7 Water outlet valve
8/18 Nonreturn valve
9/19 Pressure relief valve
11 10 Pressure gauge
13 17 11 Pressure switch
12 Pressure tank
19 13 Condensate drainage
18 14 Compressor generator
15 Intake filter
16 Cooling element with
12 ventilation fan
17 Safety valve
10 2009/03
7. Functional Description carried out continuously during operation. There
is no need for operation during a period of idle
7.1 Compressor with dry air unit mode. The pressure relief valve (2) incorporated
in the upper part of the membrane element en-
Brief functional description:
sures that the membrane dryer reaches the ra-
The compressor generator (14) draws in air from ted operating pressure in the shortest possible
the atmosphere and compresses this air com- time thereby ensuring optimum drying results
pletely oil-free. It then transports the oil-free and under all operating conditions. A humidity indi-
compressed air to the drying unit. The cooling cator has been integrated into this upper sec-
element (16) and the diaphragm dryer (1) extract tion of the membrane element which is clearly
all humidity from the compreesed air. The oil- visible through the transparent upper section. In
free, clean and dry air is then made available to the case of a possible malfunction of the dryer
the operator (e. g. turbine) in the pressure tank and the accompanying insufficient air drying the
(12). colour of the indicator changes from blue to EN
Detailed Functional Description:
Compressor generator Pressure switch fittings
Air is drawn in from the surrounding atmosphere When a user (e. g. turbine) is extracting com-
through the intake filter (15). The plunger of the pressed air the pressure within the compressed
compressor generator (14) then compresses air tank falls. If the minimum possible tank pres-
this air. The intake and outlet valves serve to sure allowed is registered at the pressure switch
block the flow in one direction at a time so that (11) then the compressor generator will be swit-
the compressed air is fed either to the cooling ched on. If the maximum possible tank pressure
element or to the diaphragm dryer (1). allowed (circa 7.8 bar) is registered at the pres-
sure switch (11) then the compressor generator
Cooling element and dry air unit will be switched off. The absolute maximum per-
The hot and moisture-containing compressed air mitted tank pressure of 10 bar is clearly marked
which is produced by the compressor generator on the pressure gauge (10) in red. The safety
flows to the cooling element (16). Once inside the valve (17) prevents the maximum permissible
cooling element the compressed air is cooled to a tank pressure (10 bar) from being exceeded.
temperature just above room temperature and the The condensate outlet tap (13) can be used in
water condenses. 100% Saturated compressed order to drain the condensated water from the
air and condensated water exit the cooler and pressure tank by opening the valve.
flow to the water separattor. The cyclone effect
and coalescence effect at the sintered filter (5a) 7.2 Compressor without a dry air
cause the condensated water present in the air to unit
be discharged and it collects in the water collec-
tor vessel (6). The automatic wasser outlet valve compressor generator
(7) reacts according to condensation level and al- The compressor generator (14) draws air from
lows the collected water to be drained off cycli- the surrounding environment through an intake
cally at set periods. Finally the air is fed to the filter (15) and compresses this air oil-free. The
membrane element. The air now flows through inlet and outlet valves ensure that flow in only
the membrane fibres (4), whereby the water mole- one direction is possible, i.e. so that the com-
cules present in the air are diffused through the pressed air is forced through the non-return val-
membrane wall and collect on the outsides of the ve (18) into the pressure tank (12).
hollow fibres. Meanwhile the dried air flows
through a fine filter / sterile filter (5), pressure valve pressure switch
(2) and the nonreturn valve (8) to the pressure The compressor generator (14) continuously
tank (12). supplies compressed air until such time as the
Regeneration of the diaphragm dryer pressure switch (11) setting registers the maxi-
A small amount of dry air is allowed to pass over mum permitted pressure within the tank (12)
the purge nozzles (3) to the outside of the hol- and then the compressor generator is switched
low fibre particles. This stream of air serves to off. After switching off the compressor generator
absorb the moisture which diffused through the the pressure hoses are vented using the ex-
membrane wall and transports it to the outside haust air vent (19).
environment. This regeneration process is

2009/03 11
Pressure switch fittings
see previous section, "Detailed Functional


12 2009/03

8. Transport and storage

The compressor is packed in a special transport
carton for shipping. This serves to protect the
appliance from damage during transport.
Be sure to set the compressor in an upright po-
sition during transport.
Protect the compressor during transport
and storage from humidity, dirt and ex-
tremes of temperature. 
Compressors which are still in their ori-
ginal packing can be safely stored in
warm, dry and dust-free rooms.
Danger of injury.
The compressor may only be trans-
ported when no pressure is present.
Before transport the pressure tank
and the pressure hoses must be
vented thoroughly.

9. Set-up and initial use

Only fully qualified personnel are
allowed to set up this appliance, to
install it or to carry out commissi-
Before commissioning and first use
all packing protection must be re-
moved from the compressor unit.
Because of the noise generated from the unit it
is advisable to install the compressor unit in an
adjoining room.
Installation in a purpose-built room, e.g. in a
boiler room, must be checked with local building
Installation in a wet-room is not permitted.

9.1 Ambient conditions

The compressor can only be set up and opera-
ted in a dry, well-ventilated and dust-free room.
The compressor must be set up in such a way
that it is easily accessible for purposes of opera-
tion and maintenance and that the model identi-
3 fication plate is easily visible.

2009/03 13
The compressor must be set up on a flat sur-
face (floor) and that the surface is sufficiently
stable. (Consider the compressor weight when
selecting set up floor, 
see 5. Technical Data.)
The room temperature must not fall below +10
C and must not be allowed to + exceed
+40C, as this could cause interference and
smooth running of the compressor can no lon-
ger be guaranteed. 
The ideal ambient temperature for operation lies
between +10C and +25 C.

Approximately 70% of the electrical en-
ergy consumed by the compressors is
converted into warmth which is radiated
to the surroundings.
Danger of overheating.
The air suction side of the initial air
filter and the ventilation slats of the
generator, as well as the suction
grille of the cooling element must
be free of any obstruction and there
must be sufficient distance to walls
or other units (ca. 20 cm).
We strongly recommend that additi-
onal ventilation is made available in
the room.
Where room temperatures above
+40 C are experienced then supple-
mentary ventilation for the room is
necessary, see fig. 3.

9.2 Compressed air connections

Slide the quick release coupling (20) of the fle-
xible pressure hose (8x3x14) onto the con-
nection piece (21). Fix the pressure hose firmly
into position using a hose clamp (22).

The use of a flexible pressure hose

between the rigid pressure pipes
and the compressor reduces the
amount of vibration, thus reducing
the amount of noise. Do not use a
20 pressure hoses with strengthened
21 electrical connection.


14 2009/03
9.3 Electrical connections
Connection of the appliance to the
mains power supply must be carried
out by a suitably qualified person.
The only exception is in the case where appli-
ances are delivered from the manufacturer al-
ready fitted with a suitable plug for insertion in
an earthed socket or to a CEE-power outlet, de-
pending on model type of the compressor.
Compressors of 400-V-model type are delivered
with a CEE-style plug, the 230-V-model types
are delivered with a earthed safety plug. EN
Observe the rules and regulations of the local
electricity supply utility company.
Power supply voltage and frequency must agree
with the instructions given on the model identifi-
cation plate.
Electric shock.
The connection cable of the appli-
ance must not come into contact
with the hot surfaces of the com-
pressor, this could lead to damage
of the cable insulation.
When the appliance is connected using a di-
rect fixed connection to the mains power sup-
ply, then a stop switch must be installed near
to the appliance and which is fitted with a
contact opening of at least 3 mm (e. g. power
When the appliance is connected using a plug
and socket connection to the mains power
supply, then the socket must be easily acces-
sible so that the appliance can be separated
from the power supply easily and quickly
when necessary.
The electric circuit must be equipped with an
line protection cutout of 10 A (characteristic
B, C and D) within the building. (For model
4252-01 LS 20 A)

11 9.4 Switch on compressor

Check that all packing protection parts have
been removed from the compressor.
Check that all connections to pressure line are
correctly installed.
The compressor must be correctly connected
to the mains power supply.
Check that the initial air filter has been cor-
rectly installed.
Switch on the compressor at the pressure
5 switch (11) by turning the switch (25) to positi-
on "I AUTO" (fig. 5).
2009/03 15
9.5 Motor protection switch Switch on the compressor unit and charge the
settings pressure tank until it reaches the shut-off
The motor protection switch is the same for all
models except Duo and Quattro Tandem and is Rotate the screw setting (17) of the safety val-
constructed together with the pressure switch ve a few turns to the left, until the valve blows
(fig. 6). This can be adjusted at off, see fig. 8.
setting screw (31). Only allow the Safety valve to blow off air for a
The two models Duo and Quattro Tandem are short period. Rotate the setting screw (17) to
designed whereby the motor protection switch the right until it is firm. The valve must now be
is situated on the control unit of the compressor. in its closed position.
On the control box is a setting screw (35) as
well as a start and a stop button (36 and 37),  Damage to the safety valve.
The safety valve must never be used
EN see fig. 7.
Every motor protection switch is set before lea- for venting the pressure tank.
ving the factory. The factory settings are accor-
ding to the values found under section 4.
"Technical Data" recommended values for 50 Hz 9.7 Check pressure switch and re-
electrical frequency. The setting should be che- set where deviant
cked when the appliance is set up and should The pressure switch is factory set.
only be altered if specially required. At ca. 6 bar tank pressure the generator swit-
ches on automatically.
At 7.8 bar it switches itsel off.
The maximum values set out in sec-
tion 4. "Technical Data" must not be If required, the operating pressure of the
exceeded! compressor can be altered at the pres-
Checking and resetting of the motor protection sure switch. 
switch should be carried out as described To do this, first the cut out pressure and
below: then the cut in pressure must be chan-
Remove the protective cover (11) over the ged using the pressure difference (Dp).
pressure switch or of the control unit (for mo- Electric shock.
dels Duo and Quattro-Tandem). When carrying out this operation
the protective cover of the pressure
Measure the maximum current (the value im-
switch (11) must first be removed.
mediately before the switch off pressure is
Adjustment of the settings can only
be carried out when the compressor
is supplied with current.
Electric shock.
Any measurements or settings can Set the shut-off pressure p using the setting
only be carried out when no power screw (32) (fig. 7): direction of arrow "+" higher
is present in the compressor unit. and in direction of arrow "" lower. The pressure
difference will also be altered when carrying out
Set the motor protection switch using the ad-
this step (if necessary readjust). The shut-off
justment screws (31 or 35, depending on mo-
pressure must be at least 0.5 bar below the sa-
del) to the measured value, see figs. 6 and 7.
fety valve setting of maximum pressure (10 bar),
otherwise the safety valve will open. The com-
9.6 Check safety valve settings pressor generator will not reach the cut out
The safety valve has been factory set at 10 bar, pressure and will run continuously.
checked and approved (with stamp). The pressure difference p between cut in pres-
sure and cut out pressure can be adjusted using
Danger of excess pressure the setting screw (33) by turning in the direction
The safety valve setting must not be of the Plus or Minus sign. The pressure tank
altered. must be under pressure during this setting.
The safety valve function must be checked
when commissioning the appliance and using
for the first time.

16 2009/03
9.8 Drain off condensated water
During transport condensated water can build
up in the pressure tank kann due to temperature
differences in the environment. Therefore, before
31 the compressor is set up the condensated wa-
ter must first be drained off. This is also valid for
compressors fitted with a drying unit
Proceed as follows:
Open the condensed water outlet valve (13)
while the compressor is switched on and un-
32 der the maximum tank pressure.
Wait until the condensated water has been
completely blown off from the pressure tank. EN
Close the condensed water outlet valve (13).






2009/03 17
10. Circuit diagrams
10.1 Model type 1/N/PE AC 230V

List of parts
M1 Compressor motor
M2 Ventilation fan (cooling element)
M3 Protective cover for ventilation fan (where
Q1 Pressure switch with motor protection switch

EN X1 Power supply 1/N/PE AC 230V

10.2 Model type 3/N/PE AC 400V

List of parts
M1 Compressor motor
M2 Ventilation fan (cooling element)
M3 Protective cover for ventilation fan (where required)
Q1 Pressure switch with motor protection switch
X1 Power supply 3/N/PE AC 400V

18 2009/03
10.3 Model type 3/N/PE AC 400V, 2 aggregates, Duo Tandem



List of parts M5 Ventilation fan for noise reducing co-

ver (if required)
A1 Controller M3 Ventilation fan (cooling) Q2,Q3 Motor protection switch
K1 Time-lag relay M4 Ventilation fan (cooling) X1 Power supply 3/N/PE AC 400V
M1,M2 Compressor motor Q1 Pressure switch X2,X3 Terminal clamp at A1

10.4 Model type 3/N/PE AC 400V, 2 aggregates, Quattro Tandem

2009/03 19
10.5 Model type 3/N/PE AC 230V, 2 aggregates, Quattro Tandem



20 2009/03

11. Operation
At any sign of danger, separate the
appliance from the power supply
(unplug at the mains and remove all
The compressor surfaces are hot!
There is the danger of receiving EN
burn injuries if contact is made with
the hot surfaces.
Automatic start up.
When the pressure in the pressure
tank falls, the compressor is au-
tomatically switched on and then
shuts down when the operating
pressure set has been reached.

11.1 Turning the compressor On /
11 Off
Switch on the compressor at the pressure
switch (11) by turning the switch (25) to positi-
on "I AUTO" and turn to position "O Off" for
10 The generator will begin to run and the pressure
tank will begin to fill. When the cut off pressure
has been reached the compressor generator will
switch off automatically.
The maximum permitted operating pressure
14 must not be exceeded. The maximum permitted
operating pressure is indicated clearly on the
pressure gauge (10) by a red marking.
Danger of too high pressure.
If the maximum operating pressure
(10 bar) is exceeded, then the com-
pressor generator must be switched
off and disconnected from the pow-
er supply.
- unplug at the mains and remove
all power
- inform your Service Technician

2009/03 21
12. Maintenance intervals Operator / Service Technician
Maintenance tasks Section Period
Drain off condensated water 13.3
Compressor without drying unit monthly
where relative humidity is higher daily
Compressor with drying unit check two times a year, drain off if
Check safety valve settings 13.4 two times a year
Changing the filter 13.5 once a year
Change vibration dampers 13.6 alle 4 Jahreevery four years

13. Maintenance
Repairs and maintenance above
and beyond that included in general
maintenance procedures may only
be carried by qualified personnel or
our service team.
Only spare parts or special acces-
sories specifically approved by the
manufacturer should be used.
Before carrying out any mainte-
nance and repair work on the com-
pressor it must be switched off and
separated from the power supply
(unplug at the mains and remove all
In order to ensure that the compressor is func-
tioning smoothly the maintenance steps descri-
bed under sections 13.1 to 13.6 should be car-
ried out at regular intervals.

13.1 Pressure reducer

The pressure reduced (40) is supplied
as a special accessoriy and is therefore
not listed in Delivery Contents, See
Section 4.1
The pressure reducer (40) regulates the rate of
flow to the operational pressure required. The
pressure reducer is fitted to the quick release
coupling (20) of the pressure switch.

22 2009/03
13.2 Setting the pressure reducer
In order to set the rate of flow first operate part
of the equipment (syringe, turbine etc.). Lift the
41 rotary knob (41) of the pressure reducer (40)
and turn in the direction of the arrow to +
(raise flow pressure ) or in direction (lower
pressure flow) until the required pressure is
shown on the pressure gauge (42)Finally press
the rotating knob downwards again until it en-
40 gages and is secure against accidental reset-
ting. The adjusted pressure is now fixed. For fur-
ther notes on rate of flow and pressure settings
see the manufacturer's instructions for the nec-
essary equipment (e.g. turbine).

42 13.3 Drain off condensated water

16 The condensated water is automatically ex-
tracted for those compressor types fitted with a
dry air unit. 
For compressors without the dry air unit the
condensated water must be drained off at least
1x month!
In countries with a high relative humidity the
condensated water must be blown off daily!
With compressor switched on and under ma-
ximum tank prressure slowly open the con-
13 densated water drain tap (13).

Careful - danger of condensated

if necessary apply a hose
Wait, until the condensated water has com-
pletely drained from the tank.
17 Close the drainage tap (13).

13.4 Check safety valve settings

17The safety valve (17) has been factory set at
10 bar, checked and approved (with stamp).
damage to safety valve
Do not adjust the safety valve set-
ting and do not use to vent the pres-
sure tank.

17 Switch on the compressor unit and charge the

pressure tank until it reaches the shut-off
Rotate the screw (17) one or two turns to the
left, until the safety valve begins to blow off air.
Only allow the Safety valve to blow off air for a
short period. Turn the screw (17) to the right
until it fully engages, the valve must now be in
18 the closed position.

2009/03 23
13.5 Changing the filter
Always replace used filters. Never
clean and reuse a filter. Cleaning
damages the filter.
The replacement interval of the filter in-
serts depends to a large extent on the
amount of dust in the surrounding air.
Regular changing of the filter guaran-
tees a continuous high quality of the
compressed air and increases the life of
the compressor.
15a We strongly recommend that the filter of
EN the compressor unit, under correct set
up under normal conditions (see Section
9.1 "Environmental Conditions") be
19 chanfed once each year. Where a dry air
unit is present, this is valid for filter fitted
in this unit as well.

Filter order numbers:

Compressor models 5170, 5172, 5270, 5272

Intake filter (15a) 5430-982-00
Compressor models 4152, 4252, 4642, 4682,
5150, 5152, 5250, 5252, 5352, 5452
Intake filter (15) 0832-982-00


Compressor models with dry air unit 4152,

4252, 4642, 4682, 5152, 5172, 5252, 5272,
5352, 5452
Sintered filter (5a)  1650-101-00
Fine filter (5) fig. 21 1610-121-00
Sterile filter* (5) fig. 21 1640-981-00

24 2009/03
When changing the filter be sure to use
the adhesive sticker supplied with the
filter in order to document the last filter
change and to apply this after enetering
the details on a clearly visible part of the
5 See also the accompanying information
in the packaging of the new filter.
* The Sterile filter is designed to prevent conta-
mination of dental compressed air by bacteria,
fungus and virus which could be present in
the air drawn into the compressor.


13.6 Change vibration dampers

The vibration dampers are permanently
under pressure and are constantly sub-
ject to wear.
The vibration dampers should be che-
cked for cracking and replaced every
four years at least.
Loosen the vibration dampers (45), unscrew
and replace.


14. Deactivation
If the compressor is not going to be used for a
longer period, then it is recommended that the
25 condensated water should be drained from the
pressure tank. Subsequently operate the com-
pressor for about 10 minutes with the conden-
sate drain tap (13) in the open position. Finally
13 switch off the compressor at the switch (25) on
the pressure switch, close the condensate drain
tap (13) and unplug at the mains and remove all

2009/03 25

15. Tips for Operators and Technicians

Any repairs above and beyond routine maintenance must be carried out by suitably qualified
personnel or one of our service technicians.

Before troubleshooting remove the unit from the mains supply.

Problem Probable cause Solution
1. Compressor does not start. No supply voltage Check the mains fusing, 
if necessary reset the switch (if
the cut-out fuse is defect,
Pressure switch not swit- Switch pressure switch on.
ched on. Inform the Service Technician
2. Compressor does not turn Compressor is too small, Calculate the amount of air re-
off air consumption too high quired (this cab ne up to 50 l/min
per treatment station), if necessa-
ry install a larger compressor.
Leak in compressed air Find leak and seal
system Inform the Service Technician
3. Compressor switches on Leak in compressed air Find leak and seal
from time to time although system Inform the Service Technician
no air has been used by
4. Loud knocking noises from Bearing damage Inform the Service Technician
5. Fall in performance. Intake filter dirty Replace the intake filter at least 1x
Compressor needs longer year. The intake filter must not be
to fill the pressure tank. For cleaned and reinserted.
charge times see section 5. Dry air unit is faulty Replace dry air unit
"Technical Data". Inform the Service Technician
6. Water leaks from tool (e. g. Condensated water in Inform the Service Technician
turbine) pressure tank. Dry air unit
is faulty
compressor without drying At least 1x month the condensa-
unit ted water from the tank should be
drained off. In areas of higher than
average relative humidity and in
tropical countries the condensa-
ted water from the tank should be
drained off daily. Checki and ob-
serve the ambient temperature of
the compressor (see sectiopn 9.1
"Environmental conditions").

26 2009/03
16. Tips for Technicians
The following descriptions concerning Trouble-shooting are designed solely for Service
Technicians. Repairs may only be carried out by fully qualified Service Technicians.

Problem Probable cause Solution

1. Compressor does Pressure switch not  Switch pressure switch on.
not start. switched on. If the pressure switch stays switched
on for a short period of time and then
the motor cuts out, then the current
should be checked carefully; rotary A
C current in all three phases and A C
power in a single phase. EN
Check the mains fusing, if necessary
switch on appliance again. If the cut-
out fuse is defective, replace. Check
the power supply voltage.
Check all phases for 3-phase
No supply voltage. Check the mains fusing, if necessary
3-Phase motors: one phase is switch on appliance again. If the cut-
missing or does not start up (ge- out fuse is defective, replace. Check
nerates loud noises) the power supply voltage.
Check all phases for 3-phase mo-
Undervoltage. Measure the supply voltage, if neces-
sary call an electrician.
Motor protection switch setting is Measure current. Set the motor pro-
too low (see section 5, Technical tection switch to the measured va-
Data). lues. For a detailed description see
section 9.5 "Motor protection switch
Motor protection switch Check motor protection switch; if de-
defective. fective, replace.
Exhaust air vent defective, gene- Check whether the exhaust air vent
rator is working against pressure. (9/19) blows off air after the genera-
tor has switched off. Ensure exhaust
air vent is free to move or replace.
Running of generator indicates Unplug at the mains and remove all
mechanical restistance (piston power, remove the cover of the
blocked); motor protection crankcase housing to the blocked
switch activated. compressor and rotate the fan
wheel; if this is not possible, replace
either the piston and cylinder or the
complete generator.
Duo and Quattro Tandem com-
pressors can be operated on
only one generator for a brief

2009/03 27
Hpfigheimer Strasse 17
74321 Bietigheim-Bissingen
Fon: +49 7142 705-0

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