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Engineering and Material Science Faculty Civil Engineering study Program German University in Cairo

Civil Engineering study Program German University in Cairo Design and analysis of High Rise R.C. buildings

Design and analysis of High Rise R.C. buildings and shell structure considering different parameters (5)

Bachelor Thesis

Author:

Mohamed ElSayed ElSayed Zaki

Supervisor:

DR.Nagy Fouad Hanna

Reviewer:

Submission Date:

15 May, 2016

This is to certify that:

(i)

the thesis comprises only my original work towards the Bachelor Degree

(ii)

due acknowledgement has been made in the text to all other material used

Name of the Author 12 July, 2007

Acknowledgement and Dedication

I cannot express enough thanks to Dr. Nagy Hanna for their continued support and encouragement this project could not have been accomplished without his support as He taught me how to work under pressure. This project consumed huge amount of work, research and dedication .I learned a lot from this project. Also I would like to thank my family for their support through this project

III

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to explain the procedures of the structural design and analysis of the Reinforced concrete structure High rise building consists of twenty one stories as well as an elevated water tank, and to provide details about each phase of the structural design process. This paper is divided into several phases to explain each step in the project clearly.

Advances in construction technology, materials, structural systems and analytical methods for analysis and design of high rise buildings. Structural design of high rise buildings is governed by lateral loads due to wind or earthquake. Lateral load resistance of structure is provided by interior structural system or exterior structural system. Usually shear wall core, braced frame and their combination with frames are interior system, where lateral load is resisted by centrally located elements. The final results were displayed clearly in AutoCAD drawing. ETABS software is used for modeling and analysis of the structure members, in addition SAFE software used to check the safe of foundation and slabs. The final results were displayed clearly in graphically forms and AutoCAD drawings.

IV

Contents

Acknowledgement and Dedication

III

Chapter 1

Introduction

1

1.1 Motivation

3

1.2 Aim of the project

3

Chapter 2

Background

1

2.1 Structural system:

1

2.2 Design of slabs

2

2.3 Design of columns:

8

2.4 Lateral forces analysis:

9

2.5 Design of cores and shear walls:

11

2.6 Design of Raft Foundation:

11

2.7 Unit Two (Elevated Tank):

12

Chapter 3

13

3.1 LOAD COMBINATIONS:

14

3.2 MATERIALS:

16

3.3 CODES USED:

17

3.4 SERVICABILITY ALLOWABLES:

17

3.5 MODIFIERS:

20

3.6 SOIL REPORT:

20

3.7 SOFTWARES:

20

3.8 MATERIAL DEFINATIONS ON ETABS:

21

V

3.9 MODEL ON ETABS:

22

3.10 Lateral loads :

24

3.11 DESIGN OF COLUMNS:

24

3.12 DESIGN OF CORES AND SHEAR WALLS:

27

3.13 DESIGN OF SLABS:

41

3.14 DESIGN OF BEAMS:

48

3.15 DESIGN OF RAFT FOUNDATION:

50

3.16 Elevated TANK:

57

Chapter 4

64

4.1 Conclusion

64

4.2 References

65

4.3 Apprndix A:

65

VI

List of Figures

Figure 1 Flat slab

3

Figure 2 Concrete Column

8

Figure 3 3D Model Tank

12

Figure 4 3D model High-rise building

22

Figure 5 2D-MODEL of High-rise Building

23

Figure 6 Column labels

25

Figure 7 Reinforcement percentage for columns at first floor

26

Figure 8

Pier Label

28

Figure 9 Concrete dimensions for ground floor slab

42

Figure 10 Live Load applied on the ground floor

42

Figure 11 Floor cover load applied

43

Figure 12 Walls loads applied on the slab

43

Figure 13 Moment in direction (1-1)

44

Figure 14 Moment in direction (1-1)

44

Figure 15 Moment in direction (1-1)

45

Figure 16 Moment in direction (2-2)

45

Figure 17 additional reinforcement in M11 direction

46

Figure 18 additional reinforcement in M22 direction

46

Figure 19 additional bottom reinforcement in direction 1-1

47

Figure 20 additional bottom reinforcement in direction 2-2

47

Figure 21 Deflection

48

VII

Figure 22 Ground floor Concrete dimensions for beams

49

Figure 23 Bending moment on the beams

49

Figure 24 Longitudinal reinforcement for beams

50

Figure 25 Concrete dimensions for RAFT foundation

51

Figure 26 CHECKING STRESSES ON THE SOIL

53

Figure 27 M1-1 ON RAFT

53

Figure 28 M2-2 ON RAFT

54

Figure 29 ADDITIONAL TOP REINFORCEMENT 1-1

55

Figure 30 ADDITIONAL BOTTOM REINFORCEMENT 2-2

56

Figure 31 ADDITIONAL TOP REINFORCEMENT 2-2

57

Figure 32 3-D MODEL of tank ON SAP

58

Figure 33 M1-1 ON TANK WALLs

59

Figure 34 M2-2 ON TANK WALLS

60

Figure 35 NORMAL FORCE ON TANK WALLS:

61

Figure 36 M3-3 ON TANK BEAMS

62

Figure 37 CHECKING STRESSES ON RAFT OF TANK USING SAFE

62

Figure 38 M1-1 ON RAFT OF TANK

63

Figure 39 M2-2 ON RAFT OF TANK

63

VIII

List of Tables

Table (1)Load Combination……………………………………………………….17

IX

List of Terms

B. Sc.

Bachelor of Science

USA

United States of America

ECP

Egyptian code of practice

AEC

Architecture, Engineering, and Construction

LL

Live Load

DL

Dead Load

RFT

Reinforcement

FC

Floor cover

3D

Three Dimensions

LLRS

Lateral load-resisting structure

UBC97

Uniform Building Code-1997

X

XI

List of Symbols

T

Thickness

L

Length

H

Height

FZ

Force in gravity direction

My

Moment about y-axes

Mx

Moment about x-axes

J

Design by chart coefficient

C

Design by chart coefficient

Fcu

Compressive Concrete strength

Coefficient of height changes above

K

ground level

Fy

Yield stress for steel

Mu

Ultimate moment

D

Depth

B

Breadth or Width

Ag

Ground Acceleration

As

Area of Steel

Q

Wind Pressure according to zone

C

Coefficient of pressure or suction

TOC

Top of concrete

XII

Qx

Seismic Force In X-direction

Qy

Seismic Force In Y-direction

Fctr

Concrete Tensile Strength

Wx

Wind Force in X-direction

WY

Wind Force in Y-direction

Qnet

Net bearing capacity for soil

Ks

Coefficient Of sub grade reaction

RC

Reinforced Concrete

P.C

Plain Concrete

Asmin

Minimum steel used in section

PC

Planted Column

XIII

Chapter 1 Introduction The Increasing rate of urbanization and population over the past few decades
Chapter 1
Introduction
The Increasing rate of urbanization and population over the past few decades -
especially in the fast growing economic communities- accelerated the trend of
construction of High rise buildings worldwide to address the growth. In the past decade
high-rises have successfully fulfilled the need.
The
Towers
of
Shibam
in
Yemen
Dated
back
to
1600 AD representing of the
earliest example of habitation in multi-story construction .However, in modern times
the first reinforced concrete tall building was built in 1903 by A.O Elzm using E.I
Ransom’s system of casting square twisted steel bars with concrete as a frame with
slabs and concrete exterior wall. This is a fifteen story building and known as Ingalls
building in Ohio USA. Since this building, engineers realized the advantages of
building with Concrete as compared with steel, such as the advantages of cheaper cost,
better fire resistance and better stability against wind and seismic loads.
Tall buildings are designed to serve the purpose and the needs of the community
alongside the structural safety to achieve the needed standard of comfort to the building
users. In addition to stronger neighborhood character, reduced distance between
housing, work place and other amenities resulting in reduced transportation costs.
A
building
can
be
characterized
as
“tall”
based
on
its
absolute
height,
its relative
height to the surrounding, or its slenderness. And as buildings gets taller and more
slender, their design become fundamentally influenced by specific behavioral factors,
these
factors
include
the
dynamic
response
of
tall
buildings
to
wind
loads
and
the
differential axial shortenings of the vertical elements of tall buildings under gravity
load effects.
However
high
rise
buildings
have
performed
poorly
in
terms
of
cost
and
environmental
impact
,
Successful
high-rise
designs
need
to
use
minimum
of
nonrenewable
energy,
produce
limited
pollution,
and
minimize
their
a
carbon footprint,
1

without diminishing the comfort, health, functional needs, and safety of the people who inhabit them. Therefore the Architecture, Engineering, and Construction (AEC) industry needs to revise traditional high rise design and analysis methods.

The sole purpose of Structural engineering is to promote personal development and the engineering skills needed to model, analyze and design structural systems and complex buildings throughout all the phases of planning within the fields of building technologies, based on a deep and intuitive understanding of physical and mechanical behavior. It provides the ability to critically review and develop technical solutions.

Good structural design is important in most building design, but particularly for High-rise building since even a small chance of catastrophic failure is unacceptable given the high price. The only way to assure a lack of failure is to test for all modes of failure, in both the laboratory and the real world. But the only way to know of all modes of failure is to learn from previous failures. Thus, no engineer can be absolutely sure that a given structure will resist all loadings that could cause failure, but can only have large enough margins of safety such that a failure is acceptably unlikely. When buildings do fail, engineers question whether the failure was due to some lack of foresight or due to some unknowable factor.

The lateral loads like wind and seismic are the most important factors that affect in design and analysis of High-rise buildings. So lateral loads are taken into consideration while designing and calculated carefully to produce a highly safe High-rise building.

high

engineers approach the design process for tall building projects, whether it is in the choice of the lateral load-resisting structure (LLRS), or the decision made on cost, amenity, constructability and sustainability of tall buildings.

how the structural

This

paper

addresses

the

risks

of

rise

buildings

and

The structural design is applied in this thesis through two phases:

I. A high rise building consists of twenty one stories with total area of 33.8*28= 946.4 m² and total height of 64 Meters.

II. An elevated tank the design and construction of an elevated concrete water storage including materials, construction requirements and determination of structural loads.

2

1.1 Motivation

The goal of a structural engineer is to implement the architectural engineer’s vision, to change the architectural engineer’s vision to reality whatever were the adversities. The structural engineer is also required to take into considerations economic aspects whenever possible. So, a structural engineer has to be skillful and problem solver to complete work successfully.

1.2 Aim of the project

The purpose of this paper is to show the structural engineering performed to design a high-rise building project and elevated tank mentioning each step of its stages. Also imposing seismic and wind loads on the building and analyzing the behavior of structure after imposing lateral loads to produce a safe high rise building and strong enough to resist the lateral loads subjected to it .Also to share the experience gained from completing the project.

3

Chapter 2 Background

2.1 Structural system:

The structural system is the initial stage in the project where the structural system through the help of the architectural drawings is done, to elaborate more, putting column, beams, core, shear wall and axes, then checking the system to make sure that it is safe and could maintain the building’s weight, moreover, making sure that they are put in their right place accurately to avoid distorting the architectural design. This stage of process is done through the AutoCAD, First the architectural drawings were will studied to understand the building uses and understand the facilities that the building serves, we studied the use of every story and every area in the building and the link between different areas of the building, in addition to that we studied also the elevations and cross sections to understand the building enough and to know the architect demands in the building.

Second, we studied the slab edge that the architect needs according to plans and cross sections, The slab edge of each story was drawn on AutoCAD, we considered also all voids that the mechanical and electrical engineer needed and that was implemented through the architectural engineer, in addition we take into our consideration lowering the TOC of the bathrooms to valid the plumbing pipes to pass under the ceramic tiles without rising all the finishing level.

Third, We determine the available locations that we shall locate columns considering the architectural drawings that governs the location of columns , we locate the columns through the walls to make the columns as much invisible , we also make a core around the elevator to resist the lateral loads in addition to that this is the most available location where we can locate a core, as well we locate shear walls in some locations that are available in the architectural drawings to locate walls in , we know that our building is more than 60 meter height and definitely we will need this shear walls to resist the lateral loads.

After deciding the proper locations to put our columns , we notice that we have two available systems , the first system was flat slab system and the second one was solid slab system , solid

1

slabs system will provide us with outstanding lateral force resistance , as the beams will act as a framing actions that will actually support the building against lateral loads, unfortunately solid slabs system and using beams will definitely clashes with cable trays and HVAC systems and fire system , it will make the work of mechanical engineer very hard at site, in addition to that solid slabs doesn’t give the opportunity to replacing the location of walls, so for all the above mentioned reasons we used flat slab system.

2.2 Design of slabs

Structural Concrete Slabs are constructed to provide flat surfaces, usually horizontal, in building floors, roofs, bridges, and other types of structures. The depth of a slab is usually very small compared to its span it serves as a walking surface but may also serve as a load bearing member, as in slab homes.

Flat slab is the structural system used with marginal beams that might be used to carry walls, resist lateral loads and stiffen slab edge .Flat slab is used to address the length of spans and the arrangement of the architectural columns, the thickness of slab is determined by using equation:

length of spans and the arrangement of the architectural columns, the thickness of slab is determined

2

Figure 1 Flat slab Advantage of Flat slab: There is no beams, simple formwork, minimum

Figure 1 Flat slab

Advantage of Flat slab:

There is no beams, simple formwork, minimum structural depth, does not require shear reinforcement and also it designed upon placing the walls anywhere on the slab.

Load transfer from flat slab through column in two ways:

1 -The bending moment.

2 -The punching shear from slab to column.

So the slab has to sustain the moment and the deflection and has to be within the allowable limits.

The deflection of the flat slabs must exceed the below mentioned values:

3

4

4

We checked the long term deflection using SAFE , through chapter 3 we will represent

We checked the long term deflection using SAFE , through chapter 3 we will represent the steps of checking deflection on flat slabs using SAFE software.

The design was performed using SAFE software. The slab was defined with thickness =250 mm and set bending m11 modifier and m22 = 0.25 to take the accurate value of deflection. Then divided shell into 0.5*0.5. Then defined working load to check the deformation of the structure in 3D-MODEL.

Using equation: Working=D.L+L.L

Then using the equation of ultimate load to check the moment on the slab.

U1=1.4D.L+1.6L.L.

5

Checking punching on flat slabs is one of the most important things that the structural engineer must do to provide safe slab thickness , the punching stresses were checked using the below mentioned equation extracted from the ECP.

safe slab thickness , the punching stresses were checked using the below mentioned equation extracted from

6

We also take into consideration that the voids in the flat slabs must not exceeds the allowable dimensions that the ECP determines , the allowable dimensions are shown through the figure below extracted from ECP,:

dimensions that the ECP determines , the allowable dimensions are shown through the figure below extracted

7

2.3 Design of columns:

Concrete column is one of the most important members in concrete structural design application. So the structural analysis and design of a concrete column must be performed well as it subjected to axial compression load and to avoid failure.

At this stage of project acting loads on columns was taken from the ETAB-Model .The section was estimated many times based on the architectural plans trying not to change it as much as possible until the most economic section was reached and then designed with handwritten calculations by Area Method to get approximation dimension using:

PU =0.35Fcu * Ac + 0.67Fy * As

PU: Ultimate Load = total floor weight * area carried by column *0.1*floor number.

FCU=350kg/cm2, FY=3600kg/cm2 and AS=0.01*Ac

Then using ETABS to check the dimension , safe of columns and to get steel reinforcement.

Then using ETABS to check the dimension , safe of columns and to get steel reinforcement.

Figure 2 Concrete Column

8

Minimum column dimensions were determined from the below mentioned equations extracted

from the ECP as we are using flat slab system.

extracted from the ECP as we are using flat slab system . 2.4 Lateral forces analysis:

2.4 Lateral forces analysis:

In a high rise building , throughout a structural design view point, as to its height as it is more affected by lateral loads due to wind or earthquake actions in comparison to other buildings. At this point, using Etabs software in this project to get the effect of lateral loads on the system. Then assigned cores and shear walls to resist wind and seismic loads. And then reviewed 3D- Model and checked the system.

We took into consideration that our building is located in Cairo-Egypt, accordingly we followed the seismic zone (Zone-3) using the below map extracted from Egyptian loading code

9

In addition we follow the ECP in calculating the mass source in ETABS , as

In addition we follow the ECP in calculating the mass source in ETABS , as our building is residential building so we multiplied the LL by 0.25 using the below mentioned table extracted from loading code:

10

2.5 Design of cores and shear walls: Cores and shear walls are essential elements for

2.5 Design of cores and shear walls:

Cores and shear walls are essential elements for the stability of any building. Its function is to provide the stiffness needed for the building to resist lateral loads, like, seismic and wind loads. In this stage The straining actions acting on the core and shear walls were acquired from the ETABS model, then, the design step took place assuming the thickness of the shear walls and core = 40 cm to make the system safe and more economic and reinforcement arrangement which was later checked using the ETABS program.

2.6 Design of Raft Foundation:

At this stage of project since the building consists of 21 storey, the slab thickness = 250 cm Based on the extremely high reactions of the columns and the weak soil reported by the geotechnical engineer, the type of foundation is raft foundation. Raft foundations were designed using the SAFE with bearing capacity 300 KN/m2 .The soil where the raft rests is represented as spring elements determined according to the bearing capacity of soil using equation:

Ks approximately = 100 * bearing capacity.

Then check the safe of the raft due to stresses on soil and put an additional reinforcement over places where moments were bigger than maximum moment of the assigned mesh.

11

2.7 Unit Two (Elevated Tank):

Tank was performed using SAP2000 software, the 3-d model was performed on SAP, and the loads as exported to SAFE to check the RAFT foundation that supports the TANK.

Diameter of tank =10m and height of elevated tank =15m. Capacity of tank =1000m3

Factors effect on concrete structure such as salts and humidity so concrete structures have been categorized according to the exposure of their surfaces to tension.

structures have been categorized according to the exposure of their surfaces to tension. Figure 3 3D

Figure 3 3D Model Tank

12

Chapter 3

In this paper we address the steps and procedures implemented throughout the process of designing and analyzing both the high rise building and Elevated tank.

General information for high rise building:

No. of floors= 21 floor.

Height of ground floor = 4 m

Height from First floor to 21th floor = 3m

Height of the building =64m

Slab thickness =25cm

Fcu=30N/mm2

Fy=360N/mm2

F.c=150kg/m2

L.L=2kg/m2

Walls=4kg/m2

General information for elevated tank:

Diameter =10m

Height of elevated tank=15m

γ= 10KN/m3

Capacity=1000m3

13

3.1 LOAD COMBINATIONS:

Static load cases were defined in ETABS using below mentioned:

DEAD

Own weight of the concrete

LIVE

Live Load

FC

Finishing floor material

WALLS

Walls

QX

Seismic force in X-direction

QY

Seismic force in Y-direction

WX

Wind load in X-direction

WY

Wind load in Y-direction

Load combinations were defined in ETABS following ECP as follows:

in X-direction WY Wind load in Y-direction Load combinations were defined in ETABS following ECP as

14

15

15

The below mentioned table represents the load combinations that we defined on ETABS following the above mentioned equations from ECP:

Combo

Type

Case

Factor

CaseType

   

DEAD

1.4

Static

LIVE

1.6

Static

U1

ADD

FC

1.4

Static

WALLS

1.4

Static

   

DEAD

1.5

Static

LIVE

1.5

Static

U2

ADD

FC

1.5

Static

WALLS

1.5

Static

   

DEAD

1.12

Static

LIVE

1.28

Static

U3

ADD

FC

1.12

Static

WALLS

1.12

Static

WX

1.28

Static

   

DEAD

1.12

Static

LIVE

1.28

Static

U4

ADD

FC

1.12

Static

WALLS

1.12

Static

WY

1.28

Static

   

DEAD

1.12

Static

FC

1.12

Static

WALLS

1.12

Static

U5

ADD

LIVE

0.25

Static

QX

1

Static

QY

0.3

Static

   

DEAD

1.12

Static

FC

1.12

Static

WALLS

1.12

Static

U6

ADD

LIVE

0.25

Static

QX

0.3

Static

QY

1

Static

Table (1) load combination

16

3.2 MATERIALS:

Fcu = 35 N/mm2 Fy= 360 N/mm2

3.3 CODES USED:

1)

Egyptian code of Practice ECP 2011

2)

Uniform Building Code UBC97

3)

Eurocode2008.

3.4 SERVICABILITY ALLOWABLES:

1)

Allowable deflection for slabs:

Uniform Building Code UBC97 3) Eurocode2008. 3.4 SERVICABILITY ALLOWABLES: 1) Allowable deflection for slabs: 17

17

2)

Allowable drift for building:

2) Allowable drift for building: 18

18

19
19

19

3.5 MODIFIERS:

3.5 MODIFIERS: 3.6 SOIL REPORT: We assumed that the Qnet( allowable bearing capacity ) for soil

3.6 SOIL REPORT:

We assumed that the Qnet( allowable bearing capacity ) for soil = 350 KN/m2.

3.7 SOFTWARES:

1)

AUTOCAD

for preparing drawings

2)

ETABS

for lateral loads calculations

3)

SAFE

for designing slabs and raft foundation

20

3.8 MATERIAL DEFINATIONS ON ETABS:

3.8 MATERIAL DEFINATIONS ON ETABS: 21

21

3.9 MODEL ON ETABS:

3.9 MODEL ON ETABS: Figure 4 3D model High-rise building 22

Figure 4 3D model High-rise building

22

Figure 5 2D-MODEL of High-rise Building 23

Figure 5 2D-MODEL of High-rise Building

23

3.10LATERAL LOADS:

Lateral loads were defined using ETABS program. It is the program in which the user import the core, shear walls, columns and slabs for each floor then enter floor by floor starting from basement to the end of the building. By the end the importation process the whole will be in the program which can calculate horizontal loads which are wind and earthquakes and their effects on the building. Also the vertical loads it gives the total of vertical load of whole the building at the base and horizontal at the top of the building.

3.11DESIGN OF COLUMNS:

Columns are defined on Etabs program with assumed sections using area method, then we checked the safety of this sections , we used trial and error till we reach safe stresses on all sections , accordingly Etabs program calculated the percentage of reinforcement of the columns for each floor as shown below, it's clearly notice that the percentage from Etabs model are greater than that calculated using manual calculation ( area method ) at the project kickoff and this is due to that applying lateral forces ( wind and seismic ) forces on the building increase the cross sections and the reinforcement percentage for all columns , due to the fact that vertical elements are the main responsible for resisting the lateral loads, the below shown figures shows the rebar percentage for columns at each floor , we took into our consideration that the percentage of the rebar doesn't exceeds the maximum rebar percentage that the ECP defines which is 4% for interior columns , 5% for edge columns and 6% for corner columns.

Etabs define each column by speared label as shown below,

24

Figure 6 Column labels 25

Figure 6 Column labels

25

Figure 7 Reinforcement percentage for columns at first floor 26

Figure 7 Reinforcement percentage for columns at first floor

26

3.12DESIGN OF CORES AND SHEAR WALLS:

Cores and shear walls are essential elements for the stability of any building. Its function is to provide the stiffness needed for the building to resist lateral loads, like, seismic and wind loads. In this stage The straining actions acting on the core and shear walls were acquired from the ETABS model, then, the design step took place assuming the thickness of the shear walls and core = 40 cm to make the system safe and more economic and reinforcement arrangement which was later checked using the ETABS program.

First for locating the shear walls and cores we have to took in to our consideration that the center of mass of the building center of mass C.O.M must be closer to the center of rigidity C.O.R and this is to avoid accidental torsional effect on the building, and avoiding increasing tensional stresses on all vertical elements , the ECP applies minimum eccentricity that should be taken into consideration ( even the center of mass and center of rigidity are congruent) this minimum eccentricity is 5% of the building length or width in the direction of the study.

The reason that ECP requires this minimum eccentricity that consideration the different loading conditions for the buildings.

we must

took into our

The maximum eccentricity that the ECP allowed is 15%, otherwise the locations of vertical elements must be relocated.

As shown through below plan that we have locate our shear walls and cores to be nearly symmetrical to the building main axes, so we created C.O.R nearly congruent to C.O.M.

The cores and shear walls are all defined with width=40cm and we checked their thickness and their reinforcement on the Etabs program as mentioned below through the shown figures.

We

assumed

that

the

reinforcement

of

the

walls

will

be

Y20@150mm

as

a

main

reinforcement for the sections, and then we checked this reinforcement on the Etabs.

27

Figure 8 Pier Label 28

Figure 8 Pier Label

28

29
29

29

THIS TABLE SHOWS THE CHECK CAPACITY OF CORES AND SHEAR WALLS:

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

ROOF

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.0153

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

ROOF

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.0285

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

19-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.0364

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

19-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.0433

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

30

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

18-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.0532

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

18-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.0549

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

17-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.0667

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

17-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.071

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

31

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

16-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.0833

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

16-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.089

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

15-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.1013

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

15-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.107

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

32

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

14-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.1191

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

14-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.1244

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

13-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.1366

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

13-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.1418

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

33

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

12-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.154

 

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

12-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.1593

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

             

Top Leg 1

Top Leg 2

11-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.1714

Top Leg 3

Top Leg 4

Top Leg 5

             

Bot Leg 1

Bot Leg 2

11-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.1767

Bot Leg 3

Bot Leg 4

Bot Leg 5

34

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

7-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.238

Top Leg 1

             

Top Leg 2

             

Top Leg 3

             

Top Leg 4

             

Top Leg 5

7-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.2434

Bot Leg 1

             

Bot Leg 2

             

Bot Leg 3

             

Bot Leg 4

             

Bot Leg 5

6-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.2534

Top Leg 1

             

Top Leg 2

             

Top Leg 3

             

Top Leg 4

             

Top Leg 5

6-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.2727

Bot Leg 1

             

Bot Leg 2

             

Bot Leg 3

             

Bot Leg 4

             

Bot Leg 5

35

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

5-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.2678

Top Leg 1

             

Top Leg 2

             

Top Leg 3

             

Top Leg 4

             

Top Leg 5

5-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.3235

Bot Leg 1

             

Bot Leg 2

             

Bot Leg 3

             

Bot Leg 4

             

Bot Leg 5

4-TH

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.3056

Top Leg 1

             

Top Leg 2

             

Top Leg 3

             

Top Leg 4

             

Top Leg 5

4-TH

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.3784

Bot Leg 1

             

Bot Leg 2

             

Bot Leg 3

             

Bot Leg 4

             

Bot Leg 5

36

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

3-RD

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.3614

Top Leg 1

             

Top Leg 2

             

Top Leg 3

             

Top Leg 4

             

Top Leg 5

3-RD

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.4362

Bot Leg 1

             

Bot Leg 2

             

Bot Leg 3

             

Bot Leg 4

             

Bot Leg 5

2-ND

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.4193

Top Leg 1

             

Top Leg 2

             

Top Leg 3

             

Top Leg 4

             

Top Leg 5

2-ND

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.5006

Bot Leg 1

             

Bot Leg 2

             

Bot Leg 3

             

Bot Leg 4

             

Bot Leg 5

37

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

1-ST

P1

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.4864

Top Leg 1

             

Top Leg 2

             

Top Leg 3

             

Top Leg 4

             

Top Leg 5

1-ST

P1

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.5746

Bot Leg 1

             

Bot Leg 2

             

Bot Leg 3

             

Bot Leg 4

             

Bot Leg 5

   

Top

     

0.7098

Top Leg 1

ROOF

P2

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.5605

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

     

0.4741

Top Leg 1

19-TH

P2

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.4584

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

     

0.4617

Top Leg 1

18-TH

P2

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.4204

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

     

0.4276

Top Leg 1

17-TH

P2

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.3875

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

     

0.4021

Top Leg 1

16-TH

P2

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.3562

Bot Leg 1

38

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.1468

Top Leg 1

16-TH

P3

Bottom

0.15

0.1251

Bot Leg 1

 

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.148

Top Leg 1

15-TH

Bottom

0.1485

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.1695

Top Leg 1

14-TH

P3

Bottom

0.15

0.1654

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.1769

Top Leg 1

13-TH

P3

Bottom

0.15

0.1824

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.2058

Top Leg 1

12-TH

P3

Bottom

0.15

0.2108

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.2333

Top Leg 1

11-TH

P3

Bottom

0.15

0.2385

Bot Leg 1

10-TH

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.2615

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.2666

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

     

0.2899

Top Leg 1

9-TH

P3

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.2948

Bot Leg 1

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

8-TH

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.3187

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.3233

Bot Leg 1

7-TH

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.3479

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.3526

Bot Leg 1

6-TH

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.3775

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.3826

Bot Leg 1

5-TH

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.4077

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.4129

Bot Leg 1

4-TH

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.4386

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.4438

Bot Leg 1

3-RD

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.4699

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.4751

Bot Leg 1

2-ND

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.5017

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.5069

Bot Leg 1

1-ST

P3

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.534

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.5392

Bot Leg 1

39

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

 

PierLeg

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.4071

Top Leg 1

19-TH

P5

Bottom

0.15

0.2555

 

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.1566

Top Leg 1

18-TH

P5

Bottom

0.15

0.1446

 

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.1678

Top Leg 1

17-TH

P5

Bottom

0.15

0.153

 

Bot Leg 1

16-TH

 

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.1762

Top Leg 1

P5

Bottom

0.169

 

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.1905

Top Leg 1

15-TH

P5

Bottom

0.1851

 

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.2228

Top Leg 1

14-TH

P5

Bottom

0.15

0.2477

 

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.2545

Top Leg 1

13-TH

P5

Bottom

0.15

0.2403

 

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

20d

20d

 

0.2722

Top Leg 1

12-TH

P5

Bottom

0.15

0.2774

 

Bot Leg 1

   

Top

     

0.3095

Top Leg 1

11-TH

P5

Bottom

20d

20d

0.15

0.3147

 

Bot Leg 1

Story

PierLbl

StnLoc

EdgeBar

EndBar

EndSpcng

D/CRatio

PierLeg

10-TH

P5

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.3469

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.3521

Bot Leg 1

9-TH

P5

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.3845

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.3896

Bot Leg 1

8-TH

P5

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.4222

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.4274

Bot Leg 1

7-TH

P5

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.4601

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.4653

Bot Leg 1

6-TH

P5

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.4983

Top Leg 1

Bottom

0.5035

Bot Leg 1

5-TH

 

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.5367

Top Leg 1

P5

Bottom

0.5419

Bot Leg 1

4-TH

 

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.5753

Top Leg 1

P5

Bottom

0.5805

Bot Leg 1

3-RD

P5

Top

20d

20d

0.15

0.6142

Top Leg 1