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# Subject Subject

## EE5002 High Voltage Engineering

Code Title
Credits 4.0 Lectures 55 hrs Pre-
Total
Lab/Assig requisit EE4003
GPA/NGPA GPA Hours 10 hrs
n. es
Aims
The aim is to develop the principles used in high voltage engineering used in the power
system
Learning outcomes
The student will be able to:
1. Explain the breakdown processes in gases, liquids and solid insulation
2. Describe the mechanism of lightning and estimate its probability of occurrence
3. Calculate transients propagating on transmission lines and sketch the resulting
waveforms
4. Calculate the losses in cables, and be able to provide grading for cables to ensure
uniform stress distribution. Calculate the current rating of cables buried underground.
5. Describe the measurement of high voltages including how cables can be matched to
observe undistorted waveforms from potential dividers. Calculate capacitance and
loss tangent of dielectrics.
6. Describe how alternating, direct and impulse high voltages may be generated for
testing purposes.
7. Explain the significance of Type Tests, Sample Tests, Routine Tests using actual
examples.
8. Differentiate between the conventional and statistical methods of insulation co-
ordination. Determine the length of overhead earth wire for shielding and the
separation limit for surge diverters.
1. Breakdown of Gaseous Insulation: Breakdown of Gases, Liquid and Solid Insulation,
Time lags of Spark breakdown, Corona Discharges
2. Lightning Phenomena: Mechanism, Frequency of occurrence, Shielding, Effects of
Lightning on a Transmission Line
3. High Voltage Transient Analysis: Surges on Transmission Lines, Surge Impedance and
Velocity of Propagation, Energy stored, Reflection of Travelling waves, Bewley Lattice
Diagram, Digital computer implementation, Graphical solutions, Transform Methods.
4. High Voltage Cables: Power losses, Cross-bonding of Cables, Types of insulation,
Insulation Resistance, Capacitance of cables, Dielectric Stress in a Single Core Cable,
Cable Grading for Uniform Stress Distribution, Thermal Design of Cables
5. Measurement of High Voltages: Direct Measurement of High Voltages, Sphere gaps,
Transformer and potential divider methods of measurement, Matching of Potential
dividers, Measurement of Surges, Klydonograph, Peak reading voltmeters,
Measurements of capacitance and loss tangent, Detection of internal discharges
6. High Voltage Generators for Testing: Generation of High Alternating Voltages,
Generation of High Direct Voltages, Voltage Multiplier Circuits, Electrostatic
generators, High Voltage Surge Generators, Multi-stage Impulse Generators
7. High Voltage Testing: Testing Procedure, Tests carried out on High voltage equipment,
Testing of solid dielectric materials, Testing of liquid dielectrics
8. Insulation Co-Ordination: Conventional method of insulation co-ordination, Statistical
Method of Insulation Co-ordination, Evaluation of Risk Factor, Length of Overhead
Shielding Wire, Surge Protection, Selection of Surge Diverters, Separation limit
Assessment
Continuous Assessment-30%
5 assignments/In-class tests
End of stage examination of 3hr duration-70%
Recommended Texts
1. High Voltage Engineering J. R. Lucas