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1 What is the most Identify your patient


important thing you
do as a
phlebotomist?
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phlebotomist?

2 What are the three 1. What is the patients


parts of the "2 out name? Ask them.
of 3" rule?
2. Ask them their birthdate.

3. Medical record number

3 Give an example of POC testing


the "2 out of 3"
rules use.

4 Define Standard of Following acceptable


Care conduct as determined
by national standards

5 Give an example of Infection; Not properly


what could happen disposing needle after
if standard of care use & accidently using it on
is not followed. another patient.

6 What is Failure to perform an


negligence? action consistent with
the accepted standard of
care.

7 What are the 4 Duty, Dereliction, Injury,


parts of proving Direct Cause
malpractice?

8 What is the Assault is the threat or


difference between attempt to touch
assault and someone without
battery? permission. Battery is the
intentional touching of
another person without
consent.

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9 How do you obtain Consent if implied.


permission if the Check institutions
patient is policy.
unconscious?

10 Give 4 reasons Infants, point of care


why a dermal testing, elderly with
puncture might be fragile veins, mastectomy
performed. patients.

11 List 4 different Microcollection tubes


collection devices (bullets), Capillary
for the skin tubes, Micro hematocrit
puncture blood tubes, Peripheral blood
(what does the smear
blood go in?).

12 What is the 2.0mm


maximum depth of
an infant lancet?

13 What is the 3.0mm


maximum depth of
an adult lancet?

14 Why are infant and Because of the site and


adult lancets patient. (Infants have
different? less fat)

15 What are the 3 Reservoir, Means of


parts to the "chain Transmission,
of infection"? Susceptible Host

16 What happens if Then it's more likely it


you break the won't be transferred to
chain of infection? another source

17 What is a Got the infection in the


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17 What is a Got the infection in the


nosocomial hospital & didn't have it
infection? before.

18 What is HAI? Health-Care Associated


Infection

19 What is the means vector


of transmission for
an insect bite?

20 What is the means Direct contact


of transmission for
drawing blood
without gloves on?

21 What is the means Airbourne


of transmission for
sneezing, including
small particles that
can travel thru the
air?

22 What is the means Common vehicle


of transmission for
salmonella on the
spinach at the
salad bar?

23 What is the means Droplets


of transmission for
sneezing, including
large particles that
don't travel far?

24 What is a fomite? Inanimate object

25 Give 3 examples of Needles, bedrails,


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25 Give 3 examples of Needles, bedrails,


fomites. phone.

26 Which "Means of Indirect


transmission(s)"
involve fomites?

27 What is the best Wash your hands with


way to stop the soap & water.
spread of
infection?

28 Define the term Infectious agents in the


BBP blood

29 List 3 BBP's. Hep B, C, D

HIV
Syphillis

30 List 3 ways a BBP Ingestion, Inoculation,


could be aerosol
transmitted

31 What does "PPE" Personal Protection


stand for? Equipment

32 Give 3 examples of Gloves, safety glasses,


PPE face mask.

33 Define standard or The minimum level of


universal protection when coming
precautions. in contact with all patients.

34 How many times 5-8 times


should you invert
vacutainer tubes
after filling them
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after filling them


with blood?

35 What happens if The blood in the tube


you don't invert will have clots in it.
them soon
enough?

36 What's the Serum is the clotting


difference between factors and fibrinogen
serum and are not present because
plasma? they were used up with the
specimen clotted. Plasma
is the anticoagulant in the
tube keeps the blood from
clotting so the specimen
still has the clotting factors
and fibrinogen.

37 What is hemolysis? The destruction of red


blood cells, releasing
the hemoglobin inside.

38 List 4 reasons a Shaking or mixing a


specimen might be tube of blood too hard,
hemolyzed. not letting the alcohol dry
before drawing blood,
forcing blood through a
needle with too much
pressure, not attaching the
needle tightly making the
blood froth/foam.

39 List the veins in the Median cubital,


antecubital area cephalic, basilic

40 Which vein is our Median cubital because


first choice for it is large and well
venipuncture? anchored; it has the least
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venipuncture? anchored; it has the least


Why? risk to the patient.

41 Which vein is our Basilic because it is


last choice for near nerves, near the
venipuncture? brachial artery, and less
Why? well anchored; it has the
most risk of complications
for patients.

42 Comparing Multidraw/evacuated
venipuncture tube
methods (syringe,
multidraw/evacuate
d tube or butterfly:
which is the safety,
fastest, and
cheapest?

43 Comparing Butterfly
venipuncture
methods (syringe,
multidraw/evacuate
d tube or butterfly:
which is the most
dangerous to the
phlebotomist?

44 List four reasons Incorrectly labeled,


the lab might reject drawn in the wrong
a blood specimen color tube, tube with
that you collected. anticoagulant is clotted, not
enough blood in the tube
(QNS)

45 When do we label After the blood


a patient's blood collection and before
collection leaving the patient's room
specimen?

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46 Why is it important If you leave a patient's


when we label a room with unlabeled
patient's blood blood, you may get
collection distracted and label it later
specimen? with a different patient's
labels. If you label the
tubes before collection the
specimen, and then are
unable to complete the
draw, those labeled tubes
might be used for a
different patient's blood
collection. In either case a
patient could die.

47 What is a A bruise that forms from


hematoma? blood leaking from the
vein, and under the skin
during a venipuncture

48 How can we Be sure your needle is


prevent a in the vein and not only
hematoma from partially in, Apply pressure
happening to our on the draw site after
patients? removing the needle,
remove the tourniquet
BEFORE removing the
needle.

49 What should we do Allow them to stay if it is


if the patient has not disruptive, otherwise
visitors in the ask them to step into the
room? hall while you collect the
blood

50 What should we do Say you will come back


if the patient's later, unless it is a stat.
doctor is present? If a stat, ask the doctor if
they want you to come
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they want you to come


back, or draw it now.

51 What if their clergy Say you will come back


or pastor is later, unless it's a stat
present?

52 How should we Explain the doctor has


respond if the ordered some tests to
patient refuses to be done. If they refuse a
be drawn? second time, thank them
and leave. Do not draw
their blood.

53 Who should we Let the patient's nurse


report the patient's or the unit coordinator
refusal to? know that the patient
refused. Then document
who you notified.

54 Convert 3:15 AM to 0315


military time.

55 Convert 12:30 PM 1230


to military time.

56 Convert 10:15 PM 2215


to military time

57 On the arm, how 3-4 inches above the


far above the draw draw site
site do we put the
tourniquet?

58 How long can we One minute


leave the
tourniquet on?

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59 20 X 1. What does The gauge, or size of


the "20g" mean? the interior diameter
(lumen) of the needle

60 20 X 1. What does The length of the needle


the "1" mean is 1 inch

61 Compare a 20g X 1 20g x 1


to a 23g X 3/4.
Which needle has
the larger lumen?

62 Compare a 20g X 1 20g X 1


to a 23g X 2/4.
Which needle has
the longer shaft?

63 When using a 15-30 degrees, bevel


needle for up.
venipuncture, what
is the correct angle
of insertion?

64 Put tubes in the Yellow, Light blue, Red,


correct order of SST/tiger/GOLD,
draw. Green, Lavender, Gray

65 What does the gel When the specimen is


in a gold hemogard spun-down the gel falls
do? between the serum at the
top of the tube and the
cells at the bottom. This
makes the solutes in the
serum more stable, so
testing can be done for
longer time periods.

66 What is reflux? When blood from one


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66 What is reflux? When blood from one


vacutainer tube is
drawn back into the
needle/arm, and then that
blood goes into the next
vacutainer tube that is
attached to the needle.
This can cause possible
contamination of the blood
in the second tube.

67 How do you Position the vacutainer


prevent reflux? holder so that the tubes
fill from the bottom up.

68 What is the The purpose is the


purpose of the anti- prevent the blood in the
coagulant in the tubes from clotting.
vacutainer tubes?

69 Which vacutainer Red tops, SST/Tiger


tubes give you tops, Gold hemogards,
serum? orange tops, Some dark
blue tops.

70 What is the Heparin


additive in the
green tube?

71 What is the Clot activator and gel


additive in the gold
hemogard?

72 What is the SPS


additive in the
yellow tube?

73 What is the EDTA


additive in the
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additive in the
lavender tube?

74 What is the Fluoride/oxalate


additive in the gray
tube?

75 What is the Sodium citrate


additive in the light
blue tube?

76 What is the Clot activator and gel


additive in the
SST/Tiger top?

77 What is the No additive or clot


additive in the red activator
top?

78 What tests are the Stat chemistry tests


green tube used
for?

79 What tests are the Most chemistry tests


gold hemogard
used for?

80 What tests are the CBC's and hematology


lavender top used testing
for?

81 What tests are the Blood cultures


yellow top used
for?

82 What tests are the Glucoses


gray top used for?

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83 What tests are the Coagulation testing


light blue top used
for?

84 What tests are the Most chemistry tests


SST/Tiger top used
for?

85 What tests are the Blood bank, serology,


red top used for? chemistry

86 What body system Digestive


breaks down food
into nutrients the
body can use?

87 What body system Nervous


deals with
emotions?

88 What body system Muscular


does movement
occur?

89 What body system Integumentary


protects the body?

90 What body system Digestive


is associated with
pancreas?

91 What body system Skeletal


is associated with
the joints?

92 What body system Nervous


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What body system Nervous


is associated with
the spinal cord?

93 What body system Digestive


is associated with
the liver?

94 What body system Muscular


is associated with
the tendons?

95 What body system Nervous


is associated with
neuron?

96 What body system Skeletal


is associated with
gout?

97 What body system Nervous


is associated with
multiple sclerosis
(MS)?

98 What body system Digestive


is associated with
ulcer?

99 What body system Skeletal


is associated with
arthritis?

100 What body system Nervous


is associated with
stroke?

101 What body system Integumentary


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What body system Integumentary


is associated with
melanoma?

102 What body system Digestive


is associated with
bilirubin?

103 What body system Skeletal


is associated with
uric acid?

104 What body system Muscular


is associated with
creatine kinase
(CK)?

105 What body system Skeletal


is associated with
calcium?

106 What body system Muscular


is associated with
aspartate
aminotransferase
(AST)?

107 What body system Digestive


is associated with
amylase and
lipase?

108 What body system Nervous


is associated with
CSF analysis?

109 What is "O & P"? Ova & parasites

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110 What kind of Stool sample


specimen is O&P?

111 What body system Digestive


is associated with
O&P?

112 What does a KOH Fungal infection


prep test for?

113 What body system Integumentary


is associated with
KOH?

114 The lab test "occult Stool sample


blood" needs what
type of specimen?

115 What would cause Blood in stool


occult blood test to
be positive?

116 What body system Digestive


is occult blood test
used for?

117 What is C&S ? Culture & Sensitivity

118 Give an example of Infection; UTI- Urinary


a specimen type, system
and its
corresponding
body system.

119 Define Formation &


hematopoiesis development of blood
cells
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cells

120 What body system Digestive


is associated with
hematopoiesis?

121 Define Property of a system in


homeostasis which variables are
regulated so that internal
conditions remain stable &
relatively constant.

122 What body system All systems.


Search is associated with
homeostasis?
Create Cards
123 What body system Urinary
Home is associated with
regulating body
Notecards
hydration?
Books
124 What body system Endocrine
Classes regulates &
Bingo Rooms produces
hormones?

125 What body system Respiratory


Sign In
is associated with
exchanging of
oxygen & carbon
dioxide?

126 What body system Endocrine


is associated with
the thyroid?

127 What body system Urinary


is associated with
nephron?
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nephron?

128 What body system Respiratory


is associated with
alveoli?

129 What body system Endocrine


is associated with
About Terms & Policies 2016 Pituitary?

130 What body system Reproduction


is associated with
ovary/testes?

131 What body system Urinary


is associated with
kidney?

132 What body system Endocrine


is associated with
diabetes mellitus?

133 What body system Respiratory


is associated with
asthma?

134 What body system Reproductive


is associated with
herpes?

135 What body system Endocrine


is associated with
hypothyroidism?

136 What does UTI Urinary tract infection


stand for?

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137 What system is Urinary


associated with
UTI?

138 What does STI Sexually Transmitted


stand for? Infections

139 What system is Reproductive


associated with
STIs?

140 What body system Urinary


is associated with
Creatinine?

141 What body system Endocrine


is associated with
T3, T4, TSH?

142 What body system Reproductive


is associated with
Human chorionic
gonadotropin
(HCG)?

143 What body system Reproductive


is associated with
Testosterone?

144 What body system Urinary


is associated with
Blood urea
nitrogen (BUN)?

145 Name two tests for Rapid Plasma Region,


syphilis. Fluorescent treponemal
antibody absorption

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146 What body system Reproductive


is associated with
syphilis?

147 What are "ABG's"? Arterial Blood Gases

148 What body system Respiratory


is associated with
ABG?

149 What is a UA test? Urinary analysis

150 What body system Urinary


is associated with
UA?

151 What four tests are Sodium, Potassium,


included in Chloride, Carbon
Electrolytes? Dioxide

152 What body system Respiratory & Urinary


is associated with
electrolytes?

153 What does PSA Prostate specific


stand for? antigen

154 What body system Reproductive


is associated with
PSA?

155 Name 2 tests for Cholesterol, Triglyceride


cardiac risk (risk of
a heart attack).

156 Name three tests CK-MB, myoglobin,


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156 Name three tests CK-MB, myoglobin,


for ruling out a troponin
heart attack.

157 What body system Circulatory


is associated with
the tests for
cardiac risk &
ruling out a heart
attack?

158 The elbow is inferior


_______ to the
shoulder.

159 The ear is Lateral


____________ to
the nose

160 A patient who is Supine


lying in bed having
their blood drawn is
______________.

161 Which blood vessel Arteries


carries blood away
from the heart?

162 Which blood vessel Vein


carries blood to the
heart?

163 Which blood vessel Artery


carries oxygenated
blood?

164 Which blood vessel Vein


carries
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carries
deoxygenated
blood?

165 Where do gas, The blood - specifically


nutrient, and waste in plasma.
exchange take
place in the
tissues?

166 List the order of Median cubital,


choice for vein use Cephalic, Basilic
in the anticubital
area.

167 Solutes are found Plasma


in which part of the
blood?

168 Name 5 different Proteins, Nutrients,


solutes. Gases, Electrolytes,
Wastes.

169 What is another Erythrocytes


name for RBC?

170 What is the RBC's Carry oxygen (by


job? attaching it to
hemoglobin).

171 What is another Leukocytes


name for WBC?

172 What is WBC's To kill bacteria and


job? pathogens

173 What is another Thrombocytes


name for platelet?
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name for platelet?

174 What are the Form a plug to stop


platelets job? bleeding.

175 List the four Vascular phase, platelet


phases of phase, coagulation
hemostasis in the phase, firbrinolysis
order they occur

176 The mucus in our Non-specific immunity


nose is a part of
our immune
system. Is it
considered to be a
type of specific
immunity or non-
specific immunity?

177 Who is responsible Chief of staff


for the doctors and
medical interns on
staff?

178 What kind of doctor MD pathologist or PhD


is trained in
laboratory
medicine?

179 Who does the Lab


hiring and firing in Manager/administrator
the lab?

180 What hospital Occupational therapy


department is
responsible for
helping patient
regain everyday
skills?
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skills?

181 Name the four Fiscal/Information


areas that report to Services, Support
the CEO of the Services, Nursing
hospital. Services, Professional
Services

182 Name the Coagulation


laboratory
department that
monitors the blood
clotting system

183 Name the Hematology


laboratory
department where
CBC's are done.

184 Name the Microbiology


laboratory
department where
C&S is done.

185 Name the Chemistry


laboratory
department where
toxicology testing is
done.

186 Name the Histology


laboratory
department that
processes tissues
for the pathologist
to read.

187 Name the Cytology


laboratory
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laboratory
department where
PAP smears are
done

188 Name the Chemistry


department that
does the most tests
including, ABG's
and glucoses

189 In addition to blood EKG tech, POC Testing,


collection, name 4 Basic respiratory
additional therapy responsibilities,
responsibilities that Lab assistant for CLIA
a phlebotomist waived tests
might be expected
to do.

190 Who can do the Medical Technologist -


highly complex Bachelor's.
testing in the lab,
and what degree
do they have?

191 What does CLIA88 Clinical Lab


stand for and what Improvement Act of
is it's role in the 1988. Includes POL &
lab/health care? Clinical labs. Waived tests,
physician performed
microscopy, moderately
complex tests, highly
complex tests

192 What does CLSI Clinical Laboratory


stand for and what Standards Institute.
is it's role in the Non-profit education
lab/health care? organization, publishes
guidelines for standards,
procedures, methods,
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procedures, methods,
evaluations.

193 What does JC Joint Commission


stand for?

194 What does OSHA Occupational Safety


stand for? and Health
Administration.

195 What does CDC Center for disease


stand for? control

196 List 3 ways being Decreased mobility.


in the hospital can Disruption of time
affect patients patterns, loss of
individuality.

197 What is jaundice? Yellowing of skin due to


liver function

198 What blood test Bilirubin


measures
jaundice?

199 Why would bilirubin To monitor liver


be done on a function.
newborn?

200 What special Document amount of


handling needs to blood collected.
happen to the
sample for
accurate results?

201 What is a VAD? Vascular access device.

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202 Who can draw Trained staff only


blood from a VAD?

203 Why is sterile Those indwelling lines


technique could be in there for a
necessary? long duration of time.

204 Why would a For butterfly draws.


discard tube be
needed?

205 Name the 2 VAD's Arteriovenous (AV)


that dialysis shunt cannula/fistula
patients may have

206 Can a phlebotomist Yes, but from the arm


draw blood from without the shunt.
dialysis patients?

207 Can a phlebotomist NO.


draw blood from
the arm with a
shunt?

208 You are not able to Look for signs that


obtain blood on patient is getting upset.
your first attempt, Ask for another
and the patient is phlebotomist to draw the
upset. How would blood.
you handle this?

209 What is EMLA? It's an anesthetic

210 What is EMLA To numb the draw site.


used for?

211 What are the You have to choose the


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What are the You have to choose the


problems site of draw at time of
associated with applying the EMLA & you
EMLA's use? have to apply it an hour
before the draw.

212 When drawing Fragile skin, patient


blood from an confusion, may be
elderly patient, list heard of hearing, rolling
4 issues specific to veins.
these patients that
can make blood
collection more
difficult.

213 List 3 things you Use ID band, face them


can do to make this when you talk,
collection easier for tourniquet over clothing.
you and the elderly
patient.

214 Why is it They can choke on


sometimes not a them.
good idea to use
band-aids on
young children?

215 What do you use Gauze, then hold.


on young children
instead of
bandaids?

216 What special High carb diet for 3


preparations must days prior to test, fast
a patient follow for 12 hours before test,
before having a water encouraged,
glucose tolerance medications ok as directed
test performed? by doctor, no food,
caffeine, smoking during
test.
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test.

217 What does it mean No eating 8-12 hours


for a patient to be before test
fasting before a
blood draw?

218 How long should 8-12 hours.


the fasting last?

219 A patient's blood Patient has diabetes


glucose level is mellitus.
elevated in the 2nd
hour specimen.
What does this
mean?

220 What does 2-hour 2 hour post prandial test


PP mean? used to test for diabetes
mellitus.

221 What special Alcohol and


disinfection method Iodine/Betadine
is used for blood
culture collection?

222 Why is a special It reduces the possibility


disinfection method of infection, sepsis or
necessary for putrefaction
blood culture
collection?

223 Why do we usually Air from tubes


collect 2 different
bottles when
obtaining blood
cultures?

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224 When would a Legal testing


chain of custody
collection be
required?

225 What are some Patient signs consent


special form, use picture ID,
requirements for cannot clean draw site with
legal testing any alcohol for legal blood
collection? alcohol test.

226 List the four Patient should clean


requirements for area with cleansing
correctly collecting cloth, patient pees into
a urine C&S. toilet, after several ml
patient holds sample cup
under stream and collects
in cup, temperature of
urine is immediately
checked.

227 What is therapeutic Removal of blood from


phlebotomy? patient's system as part
of treatment.

228 What 2 patient Polycythemia &


disorders require Hereditary
therapeutic hemochromatosis
phlebotomy?

229 Name 3 Must be at least 17


requirements of a years old, weigh at least
Red Cross blood 110 lbs, Not have donated
donor. in the last 8 weeks.

230 Approximately how 400-500 ml


much blood is
collected in one
donor unit?
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donor unit?

231 What gauge needle 16-18


is used for blood
donations?

232 What does a Process of hemostasis


Bleeding Time Test
check for?

233 List 3 pieces of Filter paper, special


special equipment lancet, butterfly
used when bandage.
performing
Bleeding Time
Test?

234 Name 2 things that Taking aspirin/ibuprofen


can cause the & may cause scarring
Bleeding Time Test
to have an
abnormal result.

235 What does POCT Point of care testing


stand for?

236 What is an Short turn-around-time,


advantage of so faster diagnosis and
performing a test treatment, can be done in
as a POCT? ER, a clinic, a doctor's
office, a health fair, a home
care.

237 What is the The cost per test is


disadvantage of more than doing the
performing a test same test in a lab.
as a POCT?

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238 What does the It's not subject to


term CLIA waived regulatory oversight by
test mean? government authorities

239 List 3 rules that Follow manufacturer's


must be followed instructions, have
when performing a proper training, document
CLIA waived test, quality controls and
or a POCT test. maintenance

240 List 3 common Lead, Glucose, PT/PTT


POCT blood tests

241 Give an example of urinalysis


a common urine
POCT test.

242 How would you Well mixed specimen,


safely transport a labeled correctly,
blood specimen to transported in leak-proof
the lab? zip locked bag, tubes
should remain upright
during transport.

243 List 2 things that Wrong color tube,


could delay lab hemolysis
results getting to
the doctor.

244 Once you draw a 45 minutes


patient's blood,
how long do you
have to get that
specimen to the
lab?

245 What is Equipment that spins


centrifugation? the sample at a very
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centrifugation? the sample at a very


high speed, separating
components based on
density.

246 How long after 2 hours.


blood collection
does the lab have
to centrifuge or
process a
specimen?

247 What does it mean To create multiple


to aliquot a samples from the
specimen? original tube of blood

248 Why would a Because the light


specimen need to breaks down what we're
be protected from trying to measure
light?

249 Name a test that Bilirubin


needs to be
protected from
light.

250 Why would a Slows the metabolic


specimen need to process
be transported on
ice?

251 Name a test that ABG's


needs to be
transported on ice.

252 Why would a Values in the specimen


specimen need to change the longer blood
be collected at a cells and serum/plasma
specific time (timed are in contact due to
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specific time (timed are in contact due to


collection)? glycolysis

253 Name a test that Stats


needs to be
collected at a
specific time.

254 What special Serum or plasma


considerations are separated first in central
there when processing, use leakproof,
processing and unbreakable containers,
transporting a sample must be processed
specimen to a exactly to specific
reference lab? instructions to assure
accurate and reliable test
results.

255 List 3 reasons why Hemolysis, Wrong color


a specimen might tube, expired tube
be rejected by the
lab.

256 What does CQI Continuous Quality


stand for? Improvement

257 What does TQM Total Quality


stand for? Management

258 What does QA Quality Assurance


stand for?

259 What does QC Quality Control


stand for?

260 What requires that Quality assurance


staff have
continuing
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education?

261 A specimen comes Documentation of


to the lab with problem and actions
incorrect or taken to solve problems.
incomplete
labeling. How
should this problem
be resolved?

262 What department Quality Control


includes
proficiency testing?

263 What department Quality Assurance.


represents all the
hospitals plans and
policies for the
hospital?

264 What is the overall Always finding ways to


goal of CQI? do better.

265 What is a delta Compares changes


check? from current labs to
previous labs per patient.

266 Define pre- Done before test is


analytical done.
variables.

267 List 6 specific Requisition, equipment,


things a patient identification,
phlebotomist can patient preparation,
do to ensure a specimen collection,
quality specimen specimen handling.
goes to the lab.

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268 You need to review Procedure manual.


the procedure for a
bleeding time test.
Where would you
look?

269 You need to know if Procedure Manual.


a patient needs to
be fasting for a
triglyceride level.
Where do you find
this information?

270 A dr asks you if he Floor book.


orders an ANA
now, when will the
results be back.
Where will you find
this info?

271 When performing a Well with flea


capillary blood gas,
how do we mix the
sample?

272 When performing a Heparinized capillary


capillary blood gas, tube with metal flea for
what do we collect mixing
the blood in?

273 When performing a It increases arterial


capillary blood gas, blood to capillaries
when do we warm
the site first?

274 Comparing the Radial


arteries femoral,
radial & brachial:
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radial & brachial:


which artery is our
first choice for
arterial blood gas
(ABG) collection?

275 Why is the radial Easy to access, easy to


artery our first compress after
choice for ABG? puncture, good collateral
circulation

276 What does the To find out if the blood


Allen Test check flow to your hand is
for? normal

277 Why and when do To make sure that both


we do the Allen radial and ulnar arteries
Test? are open and working
correctly. For ABG testing.

278 What is the pH test acid/base balance


for?

279 What is pO2 used partial pressure of


for? oxygen in blood; assess
oxygenation

280 What is pCO2 used Partial pressure of CO2,


for? assess ventilation

281 What is O2 Percentage of oxygen


saturation test bond to hemoglobin
used for?

282 What antiseptic is Alcohol & povidone-


normally used to iodine/chlorhexidine
clean the puncture
site before
performing the
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performing the
arterial stick?

283 What gauge needle 21 or 22


is used for blood
gas collection?

284 What anticoagulant Heparin


is used for blood
gas collection?

285 Where is the A tourniquet isn't


tourniquet placed needed.
for an ABG
collection?

286 How long must 5 minutes; 15 minutes


pressure be for patients on
applied to the anticoagulant precautions.
puncture site
following an arterial
blood gas
collection?

287 Where is the radial Deep in the antecubital


artery located? area

288 Name 3 hazards to Arteriospasm -


the patient when involuntary contraction
performing an ABG of an artery due to pain,
collection, and prevents oxygen from
describe what each reaching tissues;
one is hematoma - inadequate
pressure on site, common
in elderly; thrombosis - clot
forms within an artery.

289 How long is an 5-10 minutes


ABG sample stable
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ABG sample stable


if it is on ice?

290 How long is an 30 minutes


ABG sample stable
if not on ice?

291 What do the letters Occupational Safety


OSHA stand for? and Health
Administration

292 What is OSHA's regulates workplace


job? safety

293 List the 3 ways to Distance, time, and


reduce exposure to shielding
radiation.

294 List 3 ways to keep Never mix chemicals


safe when using unless following a
chemicals. written procedure, always
pour acid into water and
then mix, never store
chemicals above eye level.

295 List 3 ways to keep Never recap a used


safe when using needle, never remove a
needles. used needle from syringe
by hand, use biohazard
sharps container, keep
within reach.

296 If you are stuck Immediately flood with


with a used needle, exposed area with
what should you do water and clean any wound
(list 3 things)? with soap and water or a
skin disinfectant, Report
this immediately to your

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employer, seek immediate


medical attention including
counseling for exposure to
HIV, HBV, and HCV.

297 What 3 types of Irritant contact


reactions are dermatitis, allergic
associated with contact dermatitis, and
latex usage? anaphylaxis

298 What type of fire is Class C


electrical socket?

299 What extinguisher BC or ABC


is used for an
electrical socket
fire?

300 What type of fire is Class A


trash in a waste
paper basket?

301 What type of A, AB, or ABC


extinguisher is
used for fire in a
waste paper
basket?

302 What type of fire is Class B


an alcohol spill in
workplace?

303 What type of AB, BC, or ABC


extinguisher is
used for a fire
caused by alcohol
spill in workplace?

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304 What is a SDS? Safety Data Sheet

305 What important Info about chemicals,


information does hazard of chemicals,
SDS provide (list 3 first aid for exposure,
things)? clean-up procedure

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