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.-00998. 88 . 1201.
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................................................................ . . . . . 7

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I. ....................................................... 9
1. ..................... 11
2. .............................. 14
II. . . . 16
1. ..........................21
2. ...................................... 22
3. ..............................23
4. ............................................................23
5. ................................................................27
6. . . . .......................................23
7. .................................. 32
8.
............................................................................................. 34
III. ................................................................... 33
1 .
............................................................................................. 53
2. .
..................... ............................. .............................56
3. ................. 53
4. ....................................................................
5. ..................... 61
6. ; 63
7. ...........................................64
8. ............................................... 67
IV. .................................... 73
V. ........................................................................... 92
V I. , ,
.................................................................... 100
1. .............................. ............................................................... 104
2. .........................................................................................
3. ......................................................................................... 120
1
4

V II. ,
..................................................................................................... 126
1. , , , ,
............................................................... 140
2.
. . . . ...................................................143
3. . . . 146
4.
............................................................................150
VI I I . 152
1. ................................................................... 165
2. .......................................................166
3. . . 170
I X. ..............................176
1. ............................................................... 189
2. ...........................................................192
3. 202
4.
........................................................................................ 210




X. ..................................................................216
1. .
........................................................................................... 223
2. -.................................................................................. 224
3. .......................................... 225
4. .............................................................227
5. ; 230
XI. ..........................................232
1. ;
............................................................................... 236
2. ................................239
3. ................... 240
4. ..................................................... 241
XII. ....................................................... 245
1.
.
. ..................... 255
2. ;
. .................................................. 258
3. ;
; ................................................... 259
4. ................................ 262
5 . .
.......................................... 264
5

. ;
; ;
269
7. .
. . ........................................... 270
8. ................. 271
XI I I . ................. 274
XIV. . . .
. ....................................................................284
1. ..................................................................................................293
2. . \ ..................... 298
3. ; ; ..................... 300
X V . 312
1. , ,
, ,
........................................................................ 333
2. 336
3. ,
..............................338
4 .
................................................................................................. 341
5. . . . 343
6. 347
X V I.
......................................................................................... 349
XVI I .
................................................................................................. 357
............................................................ .... ...................................................... 368

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4-, , 1950.
. .,
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Af,Aft .
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10 . I.

M,Af2
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d = \x z- x t I- (2)
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1.

1. (2), ( 3), (4), D (}^ 2 ), F ( \ f 3 ),


( V~^)> 1 .
2 .
:
1) (2), (5); 3) ( - 5), ( 4);
2) ( 2), (4); 4) ( 2), ( 7).
.
12 . I. [3

3. d
:
1) (1), ( - 7); 2 ) (3 ), ( - 2); 3) ( - 6), ( - 10).
.
4. (ABC)
:
1) (2), 5 ( 7 ) , (5); 4) ,4(3), ( 2), (3);
2) ( - 3 ) , ( - 3 ) , (6); 5) (1), ( 1), (1).
3) ( 1), 3 ( 0 ) , (3);
5. ,
/1(1), ( 3), ( 2).
6. : () = 1. ( ), ( ), ( ), (C 4S ),
( ).
7 . /, ,
(3) .41,(6), :

1) 1 = 3 ; 2) = 3) = ~ ; 4) = 5) = 1.

8. ,1 2
:
1) yWt (3), (9); 2) ( 5), (2); 3) Af, ( 6), 2 ( 6).
9 . , ,
0, 1 , = ( ).
10. X ABX CD + - f X ADX BC = 0,
, 5 , , D
, . .
11*. ( ) ~ \ , (ABQ ) ,. ( P Q A ) ( P Q B ).
12*. ( ) = I , (ABQ ) = ja, (A B R ) = v. (PtfQ).
13*. ( )= ^ , (y45Q) ji,
P Q . (A B R ).
14. 1, 2, 3, . . . , 10
1, 2, 3, . . . , 10.
.
15. ,
, , D
1) (1), ( - ~ 3), C (l), D ( 4);
2) (2), (-6 ), (0), >(5);
28] I. 13

3) (4), ( 0), . ( - 3), D (4);


4) (1), (1 ), ( 3), D (2);
5) (-5 ), ( - 2), { 2), D ( 6);
6) (-1 ), ( - 4),
(6),
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, 24
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= tg*a; ) = 1.
17. (1), (2 ), (4) ( A B C D ) 1.
D .
18*. , , D
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1 I 1
a ad
19*. ,
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20*. 1 2, 3, 4.
, 3/14
A XA Z.
21. ( 1), 5 ( 3 ) (7).
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22. 3 7
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23. ,
( 3) 6?
24. .
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25. ,
' (4).
26.
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27. ( 3), { 2), ( 7),
0 ( 0 ) (1),
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28.
= 2; + 3 .
14 . I. [29

0 '
'.
2 9.
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30.
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' () ( 0).
31.
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32.
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33.
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= + ?
34.
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3 5 . ,
= -\- , 0.
36. ,
2 -\-'6 , = ;-(-8.
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37.
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38. ' = -f- b t

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39. ,
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41.
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2) ?
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42. ,
()
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43. ,
( 2) ( 4) ' ( 2) ' (3).
44. ,
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45. ,
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2) .
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. II. 17


*1 1
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1
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(3)

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Xi + +
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1+, 1 X
A (xv /,) (,;, 2)
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=

(1) (5) .
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X , 2 2 ,

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18 . II. II

xv 2, 2
,
X = x 2 xv = * . ()
X , , :

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= 2' + 2 ' + 2,
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= ' +
(7)
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= ' cos + ' sin ,
y = .r 's in a tj cos .
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d = V ix . - x t f + iy .- y tf - (9)

d = V X + Y \ (10)
X , .

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,

d = Vgn (*2 *)-22 (*2 *)( ) + S ?.2 ( ? 00

d = V g u X * + 2trltX Y + gssY * t ( 12)

8 Sit ,,
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, { : g n > 0, g n > 0,
g ug22 g\2 > 0. , , *
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l *i l 2= g n , k 2 l2= ^ 22. I*i 11^1 cos &) = ,*, (13)
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=
= {vY, } CD = } ', ' } :
X X ' + ' , X Y
cosf = -----dd1 - 5|= ~ <4)
d d ' CD.

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X Y
coscp = -^- , sin ~ 5)

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+ '= 0 . (16)
20 . .


= \ ,' \ CD = {X ', ' { :

COS :
**' + g (XY + ) +2-.' (17)
del'
X Y \v -------------- -
A" Y ' |' Sn g zt S it
sin = (18)
dd'
gift .
S A B C
(*!, ), ( 2, 2), ( }),
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:

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x i
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0=1 "2

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),

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4649] 1. 21

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, q < 0,
,
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q
:
q cos , y = Q sin (22)

- * + , cos = , Sin = .(23)


- - - V + i f
, ,
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( ).

1.

46. /1 ( 2 , 3 ), ( , 4 ), ( 2 , 1),
D { 3 , 5 ), F ( 6 , - 2 ), G (5 , 0 ), ( 0 , - 1 ), S ( - 3 , 0 ),
( 0 , 7) .
47.
( = (3 , 2 ), ( 4 , 6 ),
( 2, 5), >(4, 1).
48. ,
(0 = arccos ^ ,

2 .
(4 , 2),
{ 2, 1), ( - 3 , - 3 ) , D ( 1 / 2 , - ] / 3 ) .
49. A B C D E F .
, ,

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22 . I I. [50

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50. ABCD
CD.
,
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A D ,
A D ,
,
5
.
51. = 8,
3, 4 5 .

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S
.
5 2 . ( 1 , 3 ),
[ 2, 1). ,
.
53.
A I ( , ) . , :
1 ) ;
2 ) ;
3 ) ;
4)
;
5)
.
54. ,
( 2 , 1 ), ( 1 , 3 ), (4, 0 ). .

2 .
55. d
:
1) (4, 3), 5 ( 7 , 7); 3) (12, - 1 ) , ( 0, 4);
2) (3 , 1), ( - 2 , 4)| 4) ( 3 , 5 ) , (4 ,6 ) .
68] 3. 23

56.
:
1) /1(1 1 , 4); 3) ( 11, 0);
2) 5 ( 3, 4); 4) D ( 5, 12).
57. ,
(1, 1) (3, 7).
58. ,
( 8, 4) .
5 9 . , ABC: /1(3, 1),
5 ( 7 ,5 ) , (5 , 1), ,
.
60. ,
( 5 ,9 ) , 15.
61. (6, 7)
= 5 . /1(7, 14)
. .
62. ( 4, 6)
= 1 0 .
.
63. ABC: / 1 ( 2 , 3), 5 ( 1 , 3)
( 6, 4). ,
.
64. ,
ABC: /1 (2 , 2), 5 ( 5, 1), (3, 5).
65. /1(8, 3)
(10, 11), ,
10.
66. ,
( 4, 2) 5 ( 2 , 0).
67. ,
* / 1 ( 2 , 1) .

3.
68. ,
, 5 , ,
(ABC):
1) (2, 1), 5 ( 2, 5), (0, 3);
2) /1 (1 , 6), 5 ( 5 ,1 0 ) , ( 3, 2);
8) /1(0, 0), 5 ( 3, 3), (1, 1).
24 . II. [69

69. , 1
'/(2, 3) 2 ( 5, 1), :

1) , = 2; 2) = ---- -; 3 ) = 4; 4) = 1 .

70.
:
1) , (2, 3), ( 4, 7);
2) { 2, 4), (2, 4);
3) , (0, 0), { 1, 1).
71. (3 , 4) ( 2, 1).
.
72. ,
A { x v y X B ( x t , 2), { 3).
73. (2, 4),
( 3, 0), /, (2, 1). .
74. (2, 3),
( \ , 2).
.
75.
( 4, 7) 5 ( 2 , 6)
7W(3, 1). .
76.
= 8, 0 5 = 4. ,
,
. .
77. ( 3, 1) 5 ( 2 , 3).
,
, 5 , /
5.
78.
( 2 , - 3 ) , 5 ( 1 , 4), (3, 1).
D , A D
.
79. ( 4, 2), 5 ( 8 , 7).
D , 5 .
80. 5 ,
0 (2 , 2), >(1, 5)
.
92] 3. 25

81. (2, 4). ,



2
, , D

__3
4 *
82. (9, 1) { 2 ,6 ) .


?
8 3 .' 5 , , ( 5, 4)
3
, D (6 , 5) -
2
.
84. A B C D
, N ,
CD D ,
C D . A M

?
85. A B C : (5, 4), ( 1, 2), (5, 1)
A D . .
86. , (4, 2) (0, 1),
, ( 4, 4) 5.
87. , (4, 8)
( 1, 4), ,
4.
88. A B C : (4 , 1), > 8 ( 7 ,5 ) , ( 4, 7).
A D .
89*. ,
ABC: (9, 2), 5 ( 0 , 20), ( 15, 10).
90*.
, (2, 5)
, ^ 7 1 , 10 y j , 3 7.
91.
(- 1, 2), 5 ( 1 , 3), (9, 9).
D , , A D = 15.
26 . II. II [9 3

92. ^7, 1 , 5 ( 6 , 7) (2, 4)


60, 100 40.
.
93. ,
,
= 2, 5.
94.
, 3, 4 5 .
9 5.
, , :
( 4 ,4 ) , ( 5, 7), ( 10, 10), 0 ( 1 2 , 4).
96*. ,

.
97*.
.

4.
98. ,
/1(4, 2), 5 ( 9 , 4 ) (7, 6).
99. ,
( 2 ,0 ) , 5 ( 0 , 1), (2, 0), D (3, 2)
( 1, 3).
100.
:
1 ) ( 2 , 1), 5 ( 3 , 4), (1, 6);
2) ( - 2 , 4), 5 ( 0 , - 3 ) , (1, 7);
3) (5, 4), 5 ( 1 1 ,0 ) , (0, 3).
101. (2, 0) ,
(1, 1) (5, 4).
102. ,
(1, 5) (2, 4).
103. (5 ,1 )
{ 2, 2), . ,
10, .
104. 5 = 3 ,
(3 , 1) 5 ( 1 , 3),
.
.
112] 5. 27

5.

105. ,

108. ,
. ,
, ,
.
107. :
1(2, f 2) . i ( i , g ) : 8) (. 11) (4,-1-).
2) ( 4 . ) ( 6 ) |
108. ^8,

( , j .
, .
109.
, . :
1) ,. ;
2) ,
.
110. :
( 2, - ) , 3, , (, , D ( S , ), (5 , 0 ) .
,

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111. ,
,
^4, ~ j ,
112. ,
: 2,
28 . II. [113

( 5, , >^3, ,
, .
113. ( 1, 1),
{ , 2), (5, 0), .
114. ,
= 8 , = 6.

116. <=0, = ,
,
(2, 3), .
116. (3, 5).
.
,(9, 1) 4 (5, 5 2 1 /3 ) .

6.

117. ( 2 ,3 ) , ( 5, 4),
(0, 2) , ,
0 ' (7, 1).
118. / (2, 5).
4 7.
'
, , '
E v Et .
119.

,
:

1) W e t = {2 , 5}, <; = {7 , 9}, 0 ' ( 3, I);

2) (/? ; = {5, 0 }, 5 ^ ; = {0, 4}, 0 ' ( 3, 5);

3) = 2}, &~ = { - 7 , 0 }, 0 ' (0, 2);

4) 0 ' [ = { , 0}, 0 ' ; = {0, *}, '(0, 0);

5) 0 ' ; = {0, ) , 0 ' ^ ( , 0}, 0 '(0 , 0).


124] 6. 29

120.
,
:
1) ; (2, 5), ( - 3 , 7 ) , 0 ' (5, 4);
2) [ ( 0 , 0 ) , 3 ( 0 ,1 ) , '( 1 ,0 ) ;
3) > , 0), 3 ( 0 , b)y ' (, ).

121*.
: (2, 1), . 5 ( 3 , 0), (1, 4).
: /4(1, 6),
5 ( 1 , 9), (3, 1).
.

.
122. ' ' '.

'
:
= 2' 5 / + 3 , = ' + 2 ' 2.

.
123*. ' ' '.

' ( 4, 2), ''
/4(2, 0), ' ' 5 ( 0 , 8).

' 0 '5 ,

.
124*. .
,
,
0 5 ,
' '
OL ( L
).
.
30 . . [125

125*.
A D BE, '.
: ' ' '.
,
--- > --->
.
', ' '
'' ' ' .
,
\ ' .
126. AB CD EF .
,
, A F ,
D D x D y '
DB DF,
.
127*. A B C D A D
.
D C ,

. ' ' '
' B D ,

'' ' ' ' '.


,
.
128.

',

.
129*.

' ' ,
,
.
130. .
' ( 4, 2);
-
137] . 31

'' .

.
131. ' ' ' '

' ' ' .


' ' ' .
132.
' (3, 4)
jo 5
, c o s c 4 = j g , sincc = * . -
( 6, 2).
.
133. 60.
(2 1 /3 , - 4 ) , ( / 3 , 0 ) ( 0 , - 2 1 / 3 )
.
.
134. /(3, 1), N ( 1, 5) ( 3, 1).
,
= 45.
135.
,

.
136*.
' ' '. ' ( 2, 3).
'' /1 (6 , 0), ''
-
' ' ''
' ,

.
137*.
= 3, = 1 .
,

32 . II. [138

, ,
'
' ,
,

.

7.

138.
:
1) = 4, = -2 , ( 1, 2) ;
2) X 1, =3, ( 1, 0);
3) = 0 , 3, ( 4, 3).

139. CD
:
1) >1(2, 1), ( - 2, 3), (1, 0), 0 ( 3 ,4 ) ;
2) >4(1, 2), 5 ( 2 ,3 ) , (2, 1), D ( 3, 1);
3 ) ( 1 , 1), 5 ( 2 ,4 ) , ( 5 , - 1 ) , 0 ( 9 ,1 ) ;
4) (2,3), 5 ( 3 ,6 ) , (3, 5 ) , _ 0 ( 1 ,9 ); _
5) >1(1, 7), (2 , 4), ( - 3 ] /3 ,3 ) 0 ( 1 , );
6) /1(0, 0), (2 , 1), (0, 0), >( 2 , 5 ) .
140. : ( 3 , 1), 5 ( 2 , 4), (0, 5),
0 ( 3, 0). , \_ C D .
141. ,
0 1 :
1) ( 2, 3), 5 ( 4 , 9); 4) (5, 3), 5 (5, 7);
2) (2 , 1), 5 ( 3 , 0); 5 ) (1 , 4 ), (2 , 5);
3) (3, 2), 5 ( - 5 , 2); 6) ( 1 , 4 ) , 5(2,1).

142.
:
1) ( 1, 4), 5 (4 , - 8 ) ;
2) (4, 7), 5 (-2 , -1 );
3) (1, 2), 5 ( 4 ,6 ) .
151] 7. 33

143. ,
:
3
1) d = 5; , tg = ;
g
2) d = 51; 2- , t g a = - ;
1
4
3) d 25; 3- , t g a = y ,

,
d .
144*. 0 = { , }.
,
.
145. (2, 1) [ 5, 5).
,
5

146. ( 3, 2)
( 2, 4). .
147*.
: ( 4, 2), (4, 4).
, ,
arctg -jj-.
148.
,
CD, ( 4, 2), ( 6 , 4), ( 6, 1 ),*D( 1, _ 1 3 ) .
149.
{ 3, 2), { 5, 4).
D.
150.
4 (2 , 1), ( 6 , 3). .
151*. /-
-, ( , ^ )
S ( x 0, y j .
2 . . .
34 . . [152

152*. A 0A V A yA t , A t A t at , ,
, (, ,

. A 0A S.
153*. A 0A V , 2, . . . , _ 1
dv d , . . . , dn ,,
, . . . , .
- A tl, 0('0, 9).

8.

154. , ;
1) S l\ == 4 j &2

2 ) = 5i2 = ^ g 12 ~2 '

3) g = 4, glt = 8, g = 25;
4 ) ^ = 4, = 8, g 2t = 2 5 .

155. = {5 6 , 10},
\\ ~ 5^12 ~ 8 , g tt 2 5 .
156. = { 7, 8}, ^ = 4,
u = 8 , & * = 25-
157. ,
= { 7, 8}, ^n = 4, gu = 8, = 25.
158. |<?1| = 2 ,
\2\ 3 = . glv gl2,
gi2 d ( 1, - 2 ) , ( 3, 4).
159.
4 \1= 4, \2\= 2.
= .
A B C ( 1, 3), 5 (1 , 0),
(2, 1).
.
160.
|,| = 2, | |= |/ 3 ,
= .
216] 8. 35

= {1, 2}, = {2, 2}.


.
161.
A B C /1(1, 1), ( 5, 3),
( 3, 5), / = ]/52, /1=4,
= |/ 2 8 .
.
162*.
A B C
/1(1, 0), ( 0, 1), ( 3, 2),
/1 = 2, 3. ' '
' ' ' ' ,
/ ( 1, 1),
5 '(2 , 2), '(2, 4).
III


,
, . .
+ + = 0 (1)

( ),
,
, .
:
(1),
,
,
.
(1) .
(1),
', ,
+ -\- > 0, (2)
, ,
,
-f-B y -f- < 0. (3)

.

,
.
,
, ( ) 2 (', )>
, :
X 1
* 1 1 0, (4)
1

X, /,
= 0, (5)

1* 2
. III. 37

( 2 ^ , 2 ^ 0)
-V _ // //,
2 \ (6)
( 2 , 0)
. ,
= ,~ " (7)

, (
). = {/, /} .
, (
),

,
M j( x j, ,) /VI, (2, //,),
,

,
.
,
, (, //,)
, :
y y x= k {x xx). ( 8)
, ,
(0, ) ,
:
y = kx + b.
,
( , 0) (0, ),
( ):


, ( )
{/, /}, :
\ I (10)
I / m I

x xi = y y x
I rn ( 11)
(,, */,)
{/, /} 0, ,
38 , III.

,
x = x l + lt, y yy + mt. (12)

t ,
,
(xlt y t), {/, } .
, ,
:
i4jA' + =0, A tx-{- 2 -\-2= 0
, ,
, :

I ,

U , 1
^ I _
U , b J - 0'
( )

I
\b s c j1 IICt At 1
1

Mi I I , C,| _ I , 1 Q
\ 8| - | .| , |-

,
:
1-\--\-1= 0, AjX-\- -\- = 0,
:
% = 0:
+ -f , -= ( AfX -j- -f- )
( ).
, :

-\-Byiy-\-Cy- 0, -\- -{* = 0


,
,
. III. 39

:
\ 1\ |C, , 1
k c ,| \c2 a 2 1
|I ,
Bj, I \IA-X B.j I <13)
I1*At B
2 21I I B 2 |
1^2
, :
+ ,/+ = , ** + 2 -|-2= 0
, ,

( -\- B,f/ + ,) + ( * + 2/-{- 2) = 0, (14)
,
,
,
.
: ,
:
-\- , = 0, AjX -f- 2 + 2= ,
:
( ^ + ^ + ^ + ( 2-f- -{- 2) = 0.

+ + = 0, 2 -|- 2//-[- 2= 0
,
[ + ,/ -j- ) -f- ( - 4- -f- 2) = 0,
,
, ,

= ,
,
: , !
,// + (?, = 0, 2.*-|-,/ + 2= 0,
:
( + -}- ) + ( -{- 2 + ) = 0.
()
,
, .

,

:
-t + B jf/ + , = ,
2-\--\-2 0, (1)
A tx-[- 3 -j-Cs = 0,
40 . III.


, ,
4* = 0 (16)
A s , 3


( ,
).
, ( ),

( ) + ( ) = 0, (17)
,
.
{ , \ ,

+ 5f/-f-C = 0.

{ , }

-f- B y ==0.
{ , }
,

-{- -f- = 0.


:
:* + , + , =0,
-j- -{- , 0,


= { ,, ] = { , }


cos :
V \ + \ + \
(
), ,

(-{- -\-) ( 2 + B ty-\-Ct) < 0
(. 6).
,
1 ,
. III. 41


* = + *
( ).
,
k2, , ,

, . .

= - 1
** V

1 - /,/2= 0.
<p,)S
-\- -\- , = 0, * -f- 2= 0,

, :
-|-
cos 1( = - j= 1 *
V A\+B\Va\+B\
\ ) |
Sin ,2 =
V A\ + B\V\ + \
,
, A tB s A tB t
tg 9 i,s /\1 2+ 1 '

+ + , = 0, -|- + , = 0,

, :
\ 2 -{- , 2 0.
d /VI0(.v0, y j ' ,

-\-
j- = 0,

I + 0+ |
V /1=+

, ,
,
.
42 . III.

:
cos a-f- sin 0.
-
.
.tco sa sin -|- 0.

-j- B y I- = 0,
:
-j- -j- _
V -2
.
,
.

.
1. :
-f -j- , = 0, A zx + : -{- 2 ~ 0,
0 (0, 0), .

, .
. (.v, )
. .(, )
,
I _-f- 4- , | | + : + 21

. V~A\ + B\ V \ -\

1 (, ) 0 (, 0)
, ,'4- -\-, + -\-
, + + 2 2-\- {)-\-, ,
. .
( -[- + ) { 0-{-^\-) > 0,
(**4~ -[- 2) (.:0+ 0+ 2) > 0.
,:0-(- -[- , ~-\-B.y^ + Cz ,
,.* + + + ~ + , ;
:
, -|- -|- __ , -|- , 4-, ^

V a\+ B\ V a \+ B\

,0+ /?,[/ + , 20+ . 04-


(. 7), 1'4-51//4-^ 4- -j-,
. III. 43

,

A tx + /.+ , _ __ .- B ,i/ + C t ^
V \ + \ V \ + \
. (1) (2) , ,
, , /0,
, , .
2. :
-\- , + , = 0, -\- *-\- 0,
0 (0, 0), .
, .

. 1
0 , 0 . ,
0 , 0 2. = 180 f).
1) ,* 0+ + 1 0+ * + ,
, n l = { A v , } -//2= { 2, ..} ,
10 , 1012 (. 8),
0 1 102
/, ., . .
-\- B yB t
cos =
'V \+ \+ \
, ,
\* -f- B xB t
cos a
V A\ + A\ + B\
2) A xx0^- B lyQ-\-Cl 2:0-f- 0 C2 ,

n t = *{A v , } = { , 2}
44 . III.

,
A'l/Vf2. ,
, 2+ , 2
cos
V A\ + B\V~A\ + B \ '

3) 0-\--\-1> Q, 0-\- B j /0-\-C, < 0,


7/, = { ,, , } M M i ,
2= { 2, ,} 1012 ,
, 2
180 = ,
. . + . ,
cos =
V A \ + B \ V \+ \
4) ,*+ ,// + ,< 0 ,
2*0+ 2*,'0+ 2>0,
(. 9)
, 2+ , 2
cos =
V \+ ' \+ \
3.

:
A -{- -}-, = ,
-(- B jj 4 - , ,

!0 (v, /;)), .

, ?
. . 10 (0, tjQ)
, .
-J- , (,/q~f*, 9-f- 2//0-\-2 , (. 2):
,4 ~f- ,
cos = ----- 1 2 . 1. " ,
V \ + B \ V A l + B l
,
, 2+ , 2 <
, ,
( , 2-f-BjB2) ( 04- , 0-|-,) ( 2:0-{-2/0+ 2) < 0.
^ + ^ + , 2.0+ //>)4-2
, (. 2):
, 24- , .
. III. 45

,
, j4j -{- B j S j > ,

( , 24 - , ,) ( 104- /04-,) (^ + ^ + .) < 0.
,
, ,

( . . + . , ) (^ + 1/0-}-1) ( 0-|- 2//0+ .) > 0;


,
( , , + , ,) ( j A'q4- Bji/o + C,) (.',,-}- 2 -}-,) < 0
, 10 (;0, t/)
, .
4.
:
-\--\-, = 0, + ~ + ==0.
.
. (, )
.
| -\- -f- Ci [ _ [ ^
1~ 2 -j-, |

V \ + \ V~A\~+B\

/VI (*, ) ,
, 3
( + . .) (, + + C J ( + + 2) < 0.
, 1 + 1 2> 0 , ,* + ,(/ + ,
2+ + 2
:
-{- 4- , -f- Boij -j-

V \ +\ V \ +\
2-\- < 0, ,.*4 -,4 - 1 . + :
4~. , ,
:
\ -j- , -f- C i __ -{- + 2
Y a\ + b \ V \+ \

5. :
4~ 4~ C i =0, A tx 4~ 2= 0, -\- -\-Ct = 0.

, .
46 . III.

. :

A zx-j- B jl) + 02 = 0, . -\-3-\- 0,

A jX" 4- 3 -j- 3= 0, 1* 4 - -\- Cj =0,

Af, 12 :

, 2 2
, , ,
I/i =
2 2 I 2 . I
, Bs 138|
, 3 3 31
, :, , 1
& = \3 , I
,
, , , ,|

, :

|, ,|
[, , 3 , |
+,
,* 4 + , ]
| 2 2|

, ,| , 5 , 1

, , ,
I__ I , . + ,
2 B t , 2 ,
,
,I 1., ; 3 , , ; ,
1. 2
1. 3 ,

, , ,
22 2
B j C j
+ 22+ 2
, ,
, ,
(, )
A'I, . AI, Af
AIjAI,,

\ 4- } 4-,
, , ,
* 2
* , .
A * i4 - # ,y , 4*Ci =

, ,
. . 47

.
,-\- -\-

, ,
. .
., , ,
I , ,
I , ,
. ,
, , ,
: , ,

, -\- *-|-Btj-\-Cs
,
:
-{- if/ I 2 -|- -(-

V \+ \ V a \+ B\

. , , , I
: : , ,|
, -\--\- .-\-,-\-,
,
:
-\--\- -\- +

V \+ ]

6. :
, 4- -\- = 0,
A tx 4- B.y-{-Ct = 0-,
A sx -\- B ty Cj 0.

,
.
. ,
:
-\- -\-= 0,
4- B ty 4- 0,
-{--{-9= 0

(, y x)t (** )< (xt, yt).
48 . I II .

:
, , j
B t
* , ,
A txt + , , -J-C,;
I 2 2|
|, ,|
, B j Cl
* 2 j
, Bj Cs
~ ^2 , ,
B i
:
I.
, , Cj , Bj Cj
Bj 2 2 2
/1, , 8 > 0 , 3* . >0.
2 2 1 I | B s
I , , I I , , I

, = { ,},

\ + + Ci = 0,
M t
,
2 2
/ = { > 2},

2 4* 2 + C t = 0,
2

! 1
/ V
1


. . . . . . . ,
0 ,

. 10. . 11.

(. 10). , 2
M t 180 , ,
cos / ,= ----- . + 8
V \ + ' \ + \
. . 49

II. A j , , , , ,
. , 2 - ,
8 & : , , ;
<0, <0.
2 2 >1, ,
, , , ,
cos 13
(.'11).
I I I .
I , , , , ,
2 2 2 2 2 2
3 , , 4j ,
\ * I , 3
\, , , ,
,
, , , , , ,
2 2 2 . 2 .
3 B j . : ; ;
- > 0. <0.
I 2 21 \ , B j l
, ,1 , , 1

n, { A v ,},

,* + + , = 0,
Af,

,
{ 2, 2},

^ -\- = 0,
50 . .


(. 12). , //*
, ,
, -)-,5
cos 3= -- -----.
V \ + * \ + \
,
, ,
>\ , ,
,
, , + , ,
cos .=
\ + \ V \ + \ '
,
-\-,
cos M t = _1 - j --- ~ .
V A \ + B \ V \+ \
7. :
A ix-\-Bly-\-Cl = , A tx-\- -\-= 0 , 3-{-1/4-1= 0.
0 (0, 0)
.
. , , ,(* ,, /,),
M t ( xt>)> ) ,
:
, 4~ 1-\-1 0, -{- = 0, -\- 3-\-3= 0,
5,
,
A t *
3 ,
-f- Sj//, 4- , ; 14.
*
,|
, ,
,
, 3 s
+ 4*
I , *.
&

U ,
,
,
, 3 ,
**,4-,/,4-,= = ,.
, B t
I ,
:
4" , 04* , 0+ B ty0-\-Ct, |' 4-,04*
. III. 51

, 0+ B itj0-\-Cl , 0
/VI, ^ + ^ -\- = 0,
, 10 ,
, + |// + , = 0. , , ,'04-,0+
4-,=.0, 10 + + , = 0.
:

4" 3 4~ 0, 3 4- 3 4- 3= 0.
0
. :
1) fi, 0 -\- 4*, ;
fx2 0+ 20-\- ;
} 30-\-3 0-}-3 .
, ,
0 , 3.

2) |, ,:0+ , 0+ , ;
ji2 0 -f- 0-2 ;
fi, ,0-(- 0-f-3 .

0 ,
41, M tM lt 13 10
1,12 (. 13).

. 13. . 14.

3) , 4,04-,0 + , ;
(i2 /10+ fiji/u 4- ;
30-j- B sy0-j-C3 .
Ai0 ,
11 ,1, !,.
4) ft, ,04 -6,0-}-, ;
2 A 2xq+ 0 + 2 ;
304- 304- , = 0.
52 . I II .

Af0 1,
AJj (. 14).
8.
:
-j- Ct = ,
A ix + + = ,
(0, 0), .

-j- + , = 0
;
, + 2 + 2 0
, '
' ' '.
, ', '
:
/_ AjX -j- B tt/- , , __ 2 -f- * +
\0-j- , -(- 0-|- 20-{-|
.
, ', '
''' ,

'' ''' ' = 0 ,

, -f- ,// -(-,


0+ -\-
''
+ + ^ 0.
, ''
:
2 + + = 0.
, ' (0, f/0) ''' :
>_ - )//.) + __ , >__ 0+ .,0 + __
-\-Byiy0 + Cy 2'0+ 20+ 2
, ' ''
,
.
9.
:
-f- -J- = 0, 2 4" Cj = 0.
163 165] 1. 53

,
{ , };
oQb ,
{ ,, ,}.
, '
/.
. 1 (, ),
.
, ,
:

| v' | \+
V \ + \
, -\- -\-1 > 0
-\- -\-Ct = 0,
{ ,, , } , ,
'', ' > 0,
.
, -\- B xtj -\- < 0, ' < 0.
, -\- -[ 1= 0, ' = 0 .
,
, _ _ -\- -{-,
V a \+ b \

, __ .- -\-2
V 2-\-\

1.


, .
163. ,
3 ,
4. .
164. ,
: 1) 30;
2) 45; 3 ) 60; 4) 120; 5) 135; 6) 150.
165. ,
150 ,
g- . .
54 . I II . [166

166. ,
:
1) 2 _ + 4 = 0; 4) '+ + 6 = 0;
2) 2 + 3. 6 = 0 ; 5) + }/ + 3 = 0.
3) * + 2 . - = 0 ;
.
167. :
1)= * + 4; 5) = 4:; 10) + 2 = 0;
2) = 1 , + 2. 6) , = - 1 J >
3) = 1 ; _ 5; 7) 2: + 9 = 0; ] 3) 2. + 3 = 0;
4 8) 5:++15 0; 14)
4) _ = -* + 4; 9):+ |/'3^+ 1= 0; 15) : =*0.

.
168. ,
( 2, 3) , 5.
.
169. ,
( 5, 3) 135.
170. ,
:

1) (2 , 4), k = ~-, 3) ( 5, 2), fe = 3;

2) ( 2, 3), * = ! ; . 4) ( 4, - 3 ) , * = 2.

.
171. 2 12 = 0;
, .
.
172. ,
:
1) (1, 3) (2, 4); 3) (1, 3) (1, 7);
2) (2, 3) ( - 4 , - 6); 4) (2, - 3 ) (4, - 3 ) .
.
173. ,
( 1, 8).
.
187] 1. 55

174. ,
(3, 2) .
.
175. ,
3 ( 5, 3).
.
176. ,
( 2, 5) (0 , 3).
177. , -
(1, 4) (3, 5).
178. A BC : ( 2, 3), ( 4, 1), { 6, 5).
,
. .
179. ABC : (4, 4), ( 6, 1),
( 2, 4).
.
180. ,
^ 10 6 ,
(.
,
,
,
.
181. ,
3 5. .
182. ( 4, 10) ,
.
183. (2, 1) ,

. .
184. ,
: .y-J-2 6 = 0 .
185. ,
2:-|-5_ = 0
, 5.
186. (4, 3) ,
, ,
3.
187. ,
(3, 5) { 4,2}.
.
56 . . [188

188. ,
( 6, 4)
3
. .

189. ,
3 5.
.
,

150.
191.
:
1) -|-6-(-5=0; 4) * = 2;
2) 2 4 = 0; 5) = 3;
3) = 3* 4 5; 6) 2 * 4 3 . = 0.
.
192. -\--\- 0
:
1) * = *, y = \ 3 t;
2) = 2 + 5f, >' = 4 7/.
.

2. .

193. ,
, ;
:

1) 4 3 0, 2 4 3 - 8 = 0
2) -j- 5 = 0, 2 2 + 3 = 0
3) 2 + 4 = 0, 2*4- 4 8 = 0
4) * 4 - 5 = 0, 2 4 4 10 = 0
5) 2 + 1 = 0 , 4 * 4 6 7 = 0
6) 5_ = 0, 2 10>> = 0
7) 7 + 9^ 62 = 0, 8 * 4 4- 2 = 0
8) +2 =0, 2*4 3 = 0
9) 3 = 0, * '- = 0.
.
202] 2. 57

19^. ,
, ;
:
1 ) * = 3+ /, = 2 t; x = 3t , = 2/;
2) * = 5 + 4/, <= 2 2/; = 1 2/, y = 7 + t]
3) 4 8/, = 2 + 6/; x = 4 + 4/, _y = 8 3/.
.
195. ,
, ;
:
1) 3 * + 4 + 5 = 0, * = -3 4 4 / , = 1 3/;
2) 2 5_ 7 = 0, * = 2 + /, = 9 /;
3) 6 * 3_+ 5 = 0, = 5 + 1, = 3 + 2/;
4) 2-\-5 38 = 0, = - 242 /, = 9 + 5/;
5) 3 * + 9. + 5 = 0, = 2 + 3/, = -/;
6) 4 * + 5 6 = 0, X 6 + 5/, = 6 4/.
.
196. ,
(2, 5) {5, 4 }.
.
197. (7, 4) ,
3.v 2. + 4 = 0 . .
198. ,
( 8 , 1) * + ^ + 7 = 0.
.
199*. ( 2, 5) ,
" ( 1, 2) Q ( 5, 4).
.
200. Af, (2, 3), ( 1, 2) /VI, (4, 5)
. .
.
201.
3 = 0 2* + 5. + 6 = 0 (4, 1),
.
.
202. : ( 1 ,2 ), ( 3, 1)
* ). ,
.
.
58 . 111. [203

203. ,
: -\- 1 = 0 ,
-\- 13 = 0. .
204. ,
( 1, 2), (3, 0), ( 4, 5).
.
205. ,
1 -J- , -f- = Axt + , -(-
, -{-By -f-
-f = 0 ,
(, >',) 1 (> ), . . ,
. .
206.
1 = 0, : 2^ = 0
(3 , 1).
. .
207*. A BC D ,
, /(1, 6),
, , CD DA
( 3, 0), Q ( 6 , 6), R { 5, 9), S ( 5, 4).
.
208*. (0, 1), ( 2, 5),
(4, 9). ,
,
, , ,
, ,
, .
209. ABCD
\ -1-4_ 12 = 0 AD: 5 * 12 6 = 0
(^ 2, ^ j .

. .

3.
210. ,
:
1) 2>'-|-3 = 0, 2*+ 5 = 0;
2) 2-{- 6 = 0, 2 + 4 = 0;
3) 3* ~ 7 -J- 4 = 0, 7 3y-j-2 = 0;
222] 3. 59

4) + 8 = 0, 6 *4 - 5 + 2 = 0;
5) =0 , + =0;
6) * + 3 = 0, 2 = 0.
211. ,
(7, 4) * 2 + 4 = 0.
212. * . = 0,
*+ 4_ 2 = 0 ,
2 + 7 = 0.
213. : (4, 6), ( 4, 0)
( 1, 4). ,
/1 . .
214. ( 5, 6)
7 1 105 = 0.
215. , 1( 2 ,9 )
2* -f- 18 = 0 .
216*. + 3 = 0 1 ,
, M B,
{ 2 , 1) 5 (1 , 3),
.
217. * 3 _ + 1 = 0 ,
( 3, 1) (5, 4).
218. /, (0, 0), Alt (0, 1), /, ( 2, 1)
4(1, 1). 1, ,
AIAl1M t AlA!tAlt>
1 ; 1.
( 6, 2),
(2, 2) ( 1, 2) .
.
220. A B C : : 4 +
12 = 0, : 5 4 15 = 0 :
2*4-2 9 = 0.
.
221.
.
+ 1 = 0 , * + 5. 6 = 0.
.
222. , ,
(3, 4) : 7 2
1 = 0 2* 7 6 = 0 .

60 . I II . [223

4.

223. ,
kx= , /2= .

224. (3, 1) ,
2: -}- 3 1 = 0 45.
225. ,
5: 6 -|-2 = 0 ,

*4- .
226*. ( 3, 3) { 0, 2).
:-|- 4 = 0 ,
45.
227.

:
1) 2:-f- = 0, -}- 5 = 0;
2) -f- 2 = 0, 2: } = 0;
3) 2 + 5 3 = 0, 5: + 2 6 = 0 ;
4) + 4 12 = 0, 12+ 60 = 0.
228*.
+ 1 = 0 2 2 = 0 ;
( 2, 0) .
.
229. : :-|- = 0 : + 8 = 0.
,

.
230*. ( 2, 1) (4, 5)
:
15
cos/1 = -yj. .
231*. ( 3, 1) -
3
, (2, 1) cos = ^-
- . .
232*. (1 , 2) ( 3, 4)
,
242] 5. 61

2 3
: , cos = *= .
cos/l =
V5 |
.
233*. ( 3, 2) ,
2 3
: cos = ^ , cos>= ,

2 2 = 0 .
.
234*.
, : + 2 = 0,
3.v = 0 , -\- 1 = 0 .
5.
235. , (0, 0), /, (2, 1),
13( - 3, 1), /4(3, - 1 ) , Als (4, 2), Af. ( 1, 1), 7( 1 , 1),
48( 6 , 4) 2,v + 3y = 0 . ,
.
236. 2 + 5 = 0
, ( 5 , 4),
(2, 1)? .
237. { 3, 1) 5 (5 , 4)
2 = 0. ,
. .
238. , 5 * 5 = 0
3 * 2 6 = 0 ,
. .
239. /, (5, 3), Af2( l , 2), Af, (3, 0)
4(2, 4). , AItM i
,
/, /2, 13 /4.
240:?:.
('0, 0)
-{-B y Jr = 0, + .-\- D = 0 ( ))?
.
241*.
2-\-, 1 + ,
,
: + 4 1 = 0 , -\- 0?
.
242*.
: -\- -\-~ 0, -\- + D = 0,
62 . III. [243

-f B y + 0.
,
, '
<><.
243*. ,
, ,
, ,
, :

1) (3, 5), ( - 2 , 1), 3 * + 8 = 0, 2-\-5 6 = 0 ;


2) ( 6, 2), (5, 2), + - 3 = 0, 2 * + 3 = 0;
3) ( 2, 2), (3, 6), 2 + 1 = 0 , 2-\- 9 = 0 .

.
244. 2 5_ + 6 = 0
2 5 7 = 0 : ,
, :
. ,
( 2, 1), ( 3, 2), (1, 1), D ( 2, 8), ( 7, 1), f ( - 4, 6 ).
.
245. Af,Af2
/: 2 + 5 = 0, :

1) A f,( 2, 3), Af, (0, - 1 ) ; 4) , (0, 2), 2( 5, 0);


.2) /, (1 , 1), 2( 3, 5); 5) / , ( - 6, 4), 2( - 2 , ' 4 ) ,
3) /, (4, 3), 2( 2, 2);

.
.
246*. * 7_ + 5 = 0
, (3, 1), ( 2, 4),
(1, 0 ). .
247*. ( 3, 1), ( 7, 6),
{ 1, 1), >(3, 2) ,
2 + 2 = 0, -- 4 = 0, 2-\- = 0.
.
248*. 2 + 3 = 0
,
-\~ 4 = 0, 2 + 1 = 0 , * 2 = 0.
.
258] 6. 63

249*.
2 * 7y-f- 3 , * + 5_ = 0,
(3, 1).
250*. { ) ,
2 + 3 = 0 , 4 = 0, (2, 1).

6. ;
251.
:
1) 2-\- 3 = 0, 3 * 2 4 5 = 0, 5 * -\- 2 = 0
2) 2-\-3 = 0 , 2 4 -[-7 = 0, 4= 0
3) *-f-4 5 = 0, * 2 -\-7 = 0, *43 = 0
4) 5 = 0, 42= 0, = 0
5) 4 3 = 0, 2 * 2-\~ 7 = 0, 4 * 4 y - fl= 0
6) 2 * 4 3 4 '5 = 0,* -}-1 = 0 , 3 * 4 12 = 0
7) 3* + 2 4 = 0, 9 * 4 5 = 0, 5 * 4 3 = 0.

.
252. ,
2* 4- 3 = 0,
7* 4y - f 2 = 0. .
253. ,
: 7 * >/4-3=0 * 4 5 4 = 0,
(2, 1). .
254. 3 * 5 4 - 2 = 0 ,
5 * 2 ^ 4 4 = 0 ,
2* >>44 = 0 . .
255. 2 * 6>>43 = 0,
5 * 4 2 = 0 ,
. .
256._ * 4 - 6 = 0,
2 *4 - 1 3 = 0 ,
( ).
257. ,
2* = 0 , * 4 4 2 = 0
-{-2 0, 7y-j-4 0. .
258. 3* 0,
* 4 4 2 = 0 ,
2,v-47y = 0 .
64 . I II . [259

259. , '
-\- 4 = 0, 2*4-3 9 = 0
45.
260. - 2-{- 0,
3 *4 -7 1 1 = 0 ,
' + 4 = 0 , 2.
261. 3*4-.- = 0 ,
4.v + 5 -}-6 = 0 ,
4.
262*.

-j- B y -)- = 0, -j- B y 4- D = 0 ()).


_t- XD
4~ 4- . . . = 0 -
1 +

. .

7.

263. (3, 1), (2, 4), (5, 1),


(0 , 3), (0 , 0 ) 3*4- 4 = 0.
264. (1, 0) ( 1, 2)
3 * 4-4 = 0 .
265. ,
: 3* 4^ 3 = 0 , 5 *4 " 12 4- 2 = 0 ,
3 * 4 - 4 4-390 = 0.
266. ,
5 *4 ~ 1 2 1 = 0 5.
267. ,
7* 24~4 = 0 "53.
268. , 7 4-2 = 0, 3* 7 4~
j3 = 0 , d .
269.
:

1) 3 * 4- 5 = 0, 3*4- 4 = 0
2) 3 * 44- 2 = 0 , 5 * 4 12 3 = 0
3) * = 0, *+ =
4) *4 - 2 = 0, 3*4-4 = 0.
284] 7. 65

270. ,
5* + 6 = 0, 5 * -(-_ 3 = 0.
271. * 4 2 12 = 0 ,
4 * 5 = 0 7 _-(-11=0.
272. 3y-(-13=0 ,
+ 2_-(-3 = 0 5.
273. ,
+ 2 0 = 0, 3 *4 -4 60 = 0 5.
274. ,
2 * 4 6_ 3 = 0 (5, 4)
Vi o.
275. ,
5 * 12^4-46 = 0 ( 1, 1)
3.
276. ,
(3, 5) 7.
277. ,
/ =

Y 5.
278. ,
(3, 2) 1.
279*. (3, 1) ,
9
( 2 , 3) --

280*. ,
(1, 1) 2, (2, 3) 4.
281*. ,
(1, 9) 5 * 7_ = 0
45. ,
.
282. ,
, 2
4
1 ~

283. -\~ 8 = 0 ,
(2, 8) -|-2 = 0.
284. * 2 = 0 ,
2 * 4 4 ^ 4 - 1 = 0 ] / 5.

3 . . .
66 . . [285

285. ,
4
, --.=

, 7.
283. ,
( 1, ] / 2 ).
287. , ' + 4 = 0
2, -\-2> 1 = 0
| / 10.
288. ,
, ,
g
( 1, 1) ( 2, 3) = .
5
289. ,
(4, 1) ( 8, 3) 5*-|- \2 = 0.
290*. ,
7 4 2 = 0, 5x*-f-5_y 4 = 0 2 2 4 5 = 0,
, 1-\- 2 = 0 ,
5.v-j-5_y 4= 0 2 2 + 5 = 0
3 i /
2.

291. ( 1, 0);
* 4 3 . 5 = 0.
.
292*. '4 . 5]^ 2 = 0 , ;-|->
= 0
(3, 5) ( 1, 0),
.
.
293*. ,
( 2, 1)
(3, 5), (0, 1) ( 3, 1).
294*.
-\- 3 = 0 , 7 _-)-4 = 0,
( 1, 5).
295*.
7 4-4 = 0, -\- 2 = 0 (3, 5)
. .
296*.
, :
4 = 0, 4- 3>' = 0, 5 4 12_ 10 = 0.
308] 8. 67

297. , ,
* 4 5 = 0.
298*. , ,
. v + y -|-12 = 0,
7'-4-_ = 0, 7 -\- 28 = 0.
299*.
* 3_ = 0 , 3* -]-5 = 0.
300.
10'-[-56 39 = 0, g-u = 4, ^i2 = 8, " i2 = 25.
301. /( 2, 1)
10--|-56 37 = 0 , ^ = 4, ^ = 8 , gtt = 25.

8.
302. = />, = /_-}- .
,
, .
.
303*.
, ,

, .
304*.
,
,
.
305*. ,
,
.
.
306*. ,
,
.
7 -f- 2 = 0, 5* -\- 14 = 0
, i
, 3,
10.
308*. ( 1, 1) ,
, ~
-|-1 - 0 2]/ 2.
68 . I II . [309

309. ,
( 2, 1), ,
+ 5 = 0, 2 = 0 5.
310. ,
( 2, 5) (3, 1) ,
-\- 3 = 0 , J -y 10 = 0
5.
311. ,
2-\- 13 = 0, -\-2 7 = 0, x-J-y 5 = 0.
312*. (15, 6) ,
5 * 2_ 5 = 0 , 2-\- 2 = 0 ,
29.
313*. ,
0
3 * 2 1 = 0 , 4* 5-[-1= 0 ,
7
.
314. (3 , 5) ( 1, 2).
7 6-[-1= 0 ,
A B C 1.
315. (3, 0), ( 1, 2), ( 3 ,1 )
D ( 7, 2). 5 * 2 95 = 0
, M C D .
316*. ( 2, 3) ,
/ = , ,
5 = 5. ,
,
*4 - 4 9 = 0, * 4-4 2 1 = 0 .

317*. : 4 * 4 "^
6 = 0, 2 *4 - 2 = 0, * 2 = 0 5 = 3.
.
318*. ( 7, 2) (3, 0)
,
. ,
, 26.
319*. (3, 5) ,
* 24~12 = 0 S= 15.
.
328] 8. 69

320*. 7 *- [- = 0 , 0
, ,
5 = 8 0 . .
321. (0, 7) ( 2, 3) ,
5 = 3 , * 7 = 0,
.
.
322.

' -\- 2 = 0 ( ''), 2-\- 4 = 0 ( ''),
.(3, 7).
.
.
323. j/-j-6 = 0
,

2 -)-7 = 0 ( ''), -j- 4 = 0 ( ''),

. .
324*. ( 3, 5) ,
2*-f-3 15 = 0 , 4 * 5
12 = 0 .
.
325*. (0, 2)
5* 4-[- 1>= 0 ,
4* -\- 9 = 0.
. .
326*.
2 = 0, 5* 0 3* 0
. , ,
(3, 9), .
327*.
. : *-|-_ 4 = 0 ,
2-\- 1 = 0 .
. .
328*. 4v-f5y = 0, * 3_ = 0
(2, 5).
.
.
70 . III. [329

329*. 2 4 1 = 0 , ; y - f l = 0
2 1= 0
. .
.
330*. -\- 5 = 0, 2-\- 11 *=0
2 4 7 = 0
.
. .
331*. ,
(0, 4) (5, 0),
2 2>'4 - 1= 0 .
332*. ,
/1( 2, 4)
-\- 2 = 0 6 = 0 .
333**. * 4 4 = 0, 4 '4 7 4 5 = 0

3 .v 4 4y = 0 , ,
.
.
334*. - fy 3 = 0,
3* 4- 4 = 0 : 4 5 = 0
.
.
335. 7 4 3 14 = 0 ,
( 2, 3)
( 1, 4) 8.
336. , (5, 6), ,, (2, 1), , (7 ,3 )
4 (3, 11). , , , 3 4
.
337*. ,
-\- -{- = 0, A * l, 2, 3,
.
338*. ,
^ 4 4- = 0, k ** 1, 2, 3.
339*.
ABC ,
:
2 4 7-0 (),
3jc 4 5 = 0 (),
5,v 1 =0 (/1).
345] 8. 71

340. ,
:
2 + 7 = 0 (),
* 4 5 = 0 (),
5 1 = 0 ().
341*.

>1* + -)- = 0, -1- B y -'r D = 0 ( D)

' + ' + '^ , =0 ( ' & ).


, .
342*.

/. -f- + = 0, / = 1, 2,

= 9+ /, = 0-\-.


, .
343*. A^c-\-Bky = 0, /=1, 2,3 ,
.

, .
.
344*. CD .
, ,
P M N (/ N

CD). ,
CD 5 ;
S N 1.
.
345*. / ,
ABC , Q R.
, Q R,
(].
.
72 . . [346 347]

346*. Af,, /,, . . . , 1.


/ Af,Af2, Af2A/,, . . . , _ 11
,, , . . . , ,,.,.
\\, 111, . . . , Af_,Afrt
,, 4, . . ., _ , Af,, Afa, . . .
. . . , Af_, .
Af?
347*. ,
, .
. -
Q.
,
, OQC.
IV


, ,
.
I. ,
/
, 1:
,

= -
.
, .
.
, ,

~
, , I (, )
.

= \ ( - + ' , M B } r ( x - x 2f + y\

.
:
I. ,
.
,
, ,
,
;
.
II. ,
. ,
74 . IV.

,
,
.
,
I II .
(1) ; :

- '
(* **) + = *-
-I- (2)
(1) (2) ; ,
(1),
(2).
, (2), ,
(2)
, (2) :

/ - , ,?+</ = v l ? = ] k ] =

V ( * *;) + 2
, (2) ,
( :,)2 + t f = k s [{ + t f ] . (3 )

(2) (3) . ,
(2),
(3). ,
(3), ( 2)2+ 2 0. : ( -) 2-|- - = 0,
, = 2, 0, ,
(3),
',)2= 0, (, 2),
.
, (3),
(.V ,) -\- 0, , , (3) (2).
(3),
:
2 2 + 2+ i f = 2 2ksXjX + /-2-|- /2//2, (4)
xz-I-(1 /2) i f 2 (, % ) x -j--2 k2x\ = 0, (5)

V, b~x\ a 2 k*xl
x2+ i f - 2 x + ~ V _ k* <6>

f " \ *\ (jr fcfjf )*


[x TZZkT) + +~=12---- = (7)
(8)
L I /2
(1) (8) .
.

(8) [

^ . )
. IV. 75


1V2 - 1
- ft* I
, ,
.
(
0)
. \, ,v, | ,


r - ii-*'i
2. ,

A B C
.
. -
,, \ , xs, 3
, , . ,
1 (, //),
, . .
+ = (? \

( *,)* 4- ( //,)* -|- (* .)~ - (</ !/)* = ( 3) -{-(y tJi)*,

Xs -\-y~- 2 (-V, + ,v2 xz) X 2 (//, -I- . //j) -I-


I * I 2I * I * 4 *
+ *, 4- </, -I-x; 4- y ; x3 it] = 0,

[X (*, -{- . *,)]* [y (y, -f //. y 3)]: + x\ -i- y\ -I-x\ +


+ ! ) \ x ] y] (x, + x t x 3)2 (//, -j- , */,)* = 0,

[x (x, -V. A3) ] -I- [/y (//, H- //,)]* = [(X, - 4- (//, /)2] -
+ [ (3 X, - -|-(3 , )J [ (: ;, ) ( , )] .
D :
= , 4- -. .v3t 0= //, 4- y t y t.
:
(X - 0) 4- ( - *) = ' 4 - - .
*4- > : , . . ,

= V + * *.
76 . IV.


xt + x t 0+ 3 + j/i 0 + //3
2 2 2 2
C D , . .
, ,
() .
2+ 2= 2,
( ~ ')2-!- ( 0)2= 0,

*= = .
. . , ,
D (, //).
, 2-J-2 < 2,
(.V '0) + (// 0)2= 2-\-2 2
, . .
, .
3. 1,

.
.
,
, :
A j.v -(- ,// -j- , = 0,
~ -{- 2= 0,
' -j- zy -J- 3= 0

( ^ = 1, \-\- \ = 1, A 2
s -\-Bl=1,
,
).
(.V, //) , ,
D, , F , 1
, .
MD + M E = M F,

1A lX - 1- -|-, | + | -|- -|-* | = | , -!- !/ j |

I + B 1y + C l I 1 2 + + . I - 1 3 -|- , ,/ -I- 31= 0. (1)



:
-\- ,// + , >0,
/Lx -I- B ty -J- Cs > 0, (2)
^ -(- , -J- C 3> 0.
. IV. 77

, ,
,

( V -I- + ,) + ( 4 - + & + 2) - ( 3 -}- 3 + ,) = ,

( ,4 - 2 3) 4- ( , -f- 2 3) -\- Cj -f- 2 3= 0. (3)


,
, . . ,4 - 3 ,-)-/? .
. , . .
3= A t -\- 2, 3= -|- .

| I .
. 3
122|
U

-
, 1/1,
(2) (. . III,
5, 6).

\ , I I , | _ | 2 ; | ____ | , , |
I 3 31 | , -j- 2 Bj - 21 I ,
, | I . I
.
, (3) .
, ,
, (3).
,
.
:
, -f- -j- Cj = 0

2-|- -j- = ,- -|_ 3 4-3.


,
( -v-{- , + ,) + ( 2 + 2 + 2) ( 3 -)- 3 + 3) = 0,
. . (3). , (3).
, Q.
,
(3). (3) ,
Q.
PQ
.
, ,
, .

:
, 4~ -, <0,
2 4- ? 4- ., > 0,
3 4 - 3 4 - 3> 0 .
78 . IV .

,
,

- , * + if/ -|- Ci) -b (. 2 + 2 + 2) - ( 3 + 3 -{- ,) = 0, (4)

( - + 2- 3) - \ - (- + - 3) + ( - 1+ , - 3) = 0. (4')
, , + 2 3 -\- 3
.
:
2= -r 3, 2= + 3,
:
, , | _ | /1, Bi I I , _ _ \ 3 , |
, , | - | , + , ,- 3 3 3\ - I , 5,1'

I I ^ 1[ ,, I 3 31
I . 2| I , , I

.
, (4) .

2 -f-,// + ; = 3 -|- j// -j-3,
, + -\-, = ,
. .
. - ,;/ - , = 2 -f- / -f 2,
-j- 3 -}- j = ,
. . R,
. ,
,
, ,
R P .
, ,

.
rv -f- , -f-Cj > ,
2 -|- B zy-)r C 2< ,
j.v + 3 -f-3< 0.
,
,

( j' -}- , -}- ,) ( . + 2 + 2) + ( 3 + , - 3) = 0 (5)

(, 2-j- ,) a -J-(Bj ,-|-,) -j- , -, = 0. (5')


. IV . 79
/1, 2+ , B t , -(-,
, (5') (5) .


AjX ~ , t/ 4-, = A ,.v aj 4-,
) 4- 3 -1-, = 0,
. . R

2 4- 4-, = 3 4- 3 4-,,
A tx 4- + , 0,
. . .
(5)
P R . -

,
. 15.


(. 15). P R
,
(. 16).
, ,

,
RQ, .

, ,
.

RQ, (
, ).
80 . IV.

,
, :
A i-v -j- -f- > 0,
~ -f 2 -f- 2> 0,
A tx -f 3 , < 0.

,
( -)- -{- ,) ( + -j- 2) -|-( 3 + B 3t) -f- 3) = 0 (6)

(\ + 2-J- /13) -f- B z + 3) -\- (, + * -|-3) 0. (6')


, ,
/1C ,
:
A lX + } -)-, < 0,
2 -f- Bni) -f-, < ,
% + 3 -|- 3> 0.

,
( + Bytj ,) ( 2 -j- 2 -|- 2) ( + 3 -|-3) = 0
(6).
(6') + , -[- /1, -\-2-\-3
, ~(6')
.
R ' PQ ,
.
, PQ
( + Byit + ,) -\-(2 -(- B j j -f ) ( + 3 -j- 3) 0

, -|- 3 -|- 3=
,
( + -1-,) -|- ( 2 + 2 -|- ) + (A sx + , -\- 3) = 0.
, (6)
- Q' P R (
) ' RQ (
).
P 'Q 'R ',
.
(6) , + /12-(- /13= 0, -}~2-|-3= 0,
+ + 3 0, -\- ,~
-f-Ci = 0, AnX + B ty + C2= 0, A sx + B 3y - fC 3= 0
. (6')
, . .
. IV. 81

.
, *).
,
PQ , Q P ', P 'Q ', Q 'P .
4. {/
. (, ),
F l ( , 0) ., (, 0) 2,
> > 0.
.
M F l + M F t = 2a.

/ , = V ( + ) 4-/ F 2= v ( )"-|- 2,
:

V (X + )2+ 2+ V ( )2+ 2= 2. (1)

V ( )2+ = 2 V (x c f -\- if. (2)


) (2) .
(2) , :

( -]-)2 2= (2 Y ( )2 4-?/). (3)


(2) (3) . :
(2), (3). :
(3),

( 4- )24- 2 (2 Y ( c f 4- i f ) 1= 0

( V ( 4- )" 4- 2 2 4- V ( )24- i f ) ( V ( x 4- c f 4- i f 4- 2
Y ( x ) 4- i f ) 0.
,
:

1 (.V-J- )24- 2 4- 2 ( )2-|- ;2# 0 .


, ,
:

Y ( x )24 -tf ( 4- )2-|- 2= 2.

*) , , = { , , ,}, 2= { ,, ..}, 3-~


{ 3, ,}; , 4- -[- 3= 0, . ,
, ,
, 60.
82 . IV.

1 .
:
M F t M F t = 2a.

1 <2
( ),
2 < 2,
.
,
( c f + i f Y ( x c f + i f -f 2a 0,
,
] r (x -b c f -\-tf 2a -f- Y ( x c f + i f = 0,
(2).
(3),
ai cx = a 1' (x c f -f-y: . (4)
, :
(a2 c x f = a * [ ( x c f + tf\, (5)

(5 5) -j- -- (: 2), (G)

(7)
(5), (6) (7) . ,
(4) (5) .
(4),
(5). ,
(5), (7),
, | - |^ ( | \> ,
(7) 1), < , 2 > ,
. . * > 0. (5)

- ( )'~ -f- if.


, , (5),
(). , ,
(1) (7) . cs= b z,
(7)

, ,
. F, .
(> .
.
. IV. 83

5. ,
, , , ,
.
b.
,
. .
. ,
, .
,

: q '
, , ,
.

q' a cos
,
Q = a cos -|- b.
.
: 1) b < ; 2) ; 3) b > .
,
q = 0 :
b j
cos = ---- , 1.

,
0= 0 ( > ).

, .
.

:
= 05-|-/;. (3)
, , :
Q= V X 2-|- tf,
V*
COS = = = = =
0 * + *
(1) :

0 ! /
= -+ .


( ), (
).
, :
Q2 a x - \ - b Q .
84 . IV.


( , , ).
;
.Vs -]- tf ,

,v5-!- i f = . (2)
(2) , :
(a-- f ax)s = b2Qs,

+ ( 3)
, (3)
, (1) .
,
(I),
(3).
, (, ) (
), , (3),
, ,
(1).
, (, ) ,
(3),
. ,
(~ -j--i f )- b2Qs,

X s -{- t f bQ,

! oq cos 6q,
, 0

a cos + .
Q + , (1).
cos , a cos ( -f- ) -(-. -
a cos , ,
(a cos ( + )-{-), + .
,
:
(xs + if )- = b- (xs + tf).
6.
. ,
/VI ,
,
i , ,
, .
.
. IV. 85

. A C M (. 17).
, :
v np0v -f- -/1 -}- ^- .

0* ,0. = 0, 0. = = A M = at
( ).

I,

-^--)-( /),

( 3 N
npo.v .11 = cos t \= a sin t.

,
.v = a ( ( sin /).
, . :
0 = np0j, A C M 0 - 0 -}- 0;, .
:
0 , 0,
-.
3
t,

71
+ , ;

3
~2 ~ * 2 = ~
,
a cos ( /) a cos t.
,
~ (1 cos /).
86 . IV. [348

, :
x a ( t sin 0. //= (1 cos/),
.

34S. ,

.
349. ,

.
350. ,
(4, 0)
( \ , 0 ).
351*. b
,
. ,
.
352.
. { 0, 0),
, teicyinyio,
D.
1 AD.
, 1,
.
353. ,

.
354. ,
,
,
.
355*. .
, ,
, .
356.
(, 0 ) .
,
,
.
357*. /,
. /.
364] . IV. 87

, , - = ,
. .
358*. ,
, ( , 0 )
2(, 0) , 2 ( < ) ,
,
.
359*. ,

, .
,
,
.
__360. ( 3, 0) ,
,
25 ,,
--. ,

3
-g-.
301. F (5 , 0) ,
,
9
-g-. ,
-

.
362.
. ,

() .
363. ,
( ) ,
.
364.
. ,
,
. ,
, ,
. , 1
.
88 . IV. [365

365. S,
,
.
.
366:;:.
. 1
, . ,
.
367. ,
F %{ , 0)
F t {!?, 0) , * (
).
368.
xs -f = ,
.
369. ,
, ,
. ,
,
, , ,
. ,
.
370. ,

= .
371.
, ,
.
372. ,
. ,
.

= BAIt =
( ) , /,
, ,
0/1,
.
, ,
0/1.
373. ,
0/1--- . , -
377] . IV. 89

.

= . ( ),
/, \ ,
, ,
,
. ,
, .
374. .
,
.
= AAit = 2. ,
1 1, .
,
,
, .
375.
,
,
, ,
.
,
.
376.
, ,
. ,

.
OAI, ,
. , \
, .
,
.
.
377.
, ,
(. 367),
F x F s.

, ,,
.
90 . IV . 1378

378.
, ,
.

\1=* 2*=* . ,
/, 3 .
379. 2
. ,
,
(
).
380. .
, ,
. ,
/ ? ,
, ,
, .
(
) ,
, .
381. ( =
) , , ,

-f* b, ,
, = .
382.
(. \
v. ,
, ,
, AJ
. , /,
.
383*. R,
. ,
( ),
,
t
,
. *

.
389] . IV. 91

384*. R ,
.
, (
) . ,
.
385. , R = 4r

2 *
X s -|- s =* * .

386. , R ~ 2 r
.
?*. ,
-\- = ,
(- ).
, ,
.
388*. + * 1 ,
= .
,
(, 0 ) ( ) .
389.
, .
: 1)
; 2)
; 3)
,
.
V

(, )

:
( - + ( )*= . (1)

.
,
:
* + = *. (2)

2+ A " + 2 + 2 -|- D =
, *-\-2 A D > 0

( \
I - j , - j \

B Z+ C2 A D
/ 2


, :
(.V )2-j- ( ) 2 ,
. .
= ( )2-I- ( ) 2
AI (, ) ,
. . dz ~, d (, )
, .
/VI ,

,
,
,
:
2 -MB.
. V. 93

,

,
:
= - .
,
:
= 0.

1)2+ ( ^ = 0,
( )2-{- ( )2 /:; = 0
,
= 0,
,, , ,
( ). ,= 0
Hj = 0 ,
Klu1-\-X1ut = 0
.

?v[Wj -j- = 0
,
.. .
-S-
2
I,

/1
. = >v, ?= 0, + 2. = 0
, 2 0 ul = ,
, . .

,
.

, = 0, 2= 0 , = 0,
,

, = 2, , = , =
, ,
.

(' ): -!- ( )- 0,
+ + = 0
94 . V . [390

,
+ = 0

. 0 = 0
, -|-/.=0
.

390. ,
S { 1, 3) = 4.
391. = 5
.
392. 5 pi
:
1) 2-|- 2 6 = 0 ;
2) 2 -}- 2-f 6: 8_ = 0 ;
3 ) * * _j_ 2 _ 1 0* + 24 56 = 0;
4) '2+ 3 / - ' i y 1 = 0 .
393.
:
1) 2-j- 2 2 -|- = 0 ;
2) '-\-2-\- 5 3 = 0 ;
3) 1-f-3 2 2.v -I- 7 + 1 = 0.
394. (3, 1), 5 (1 , 0),
( 2,0) D ( 2, 1) *4-2 1 = 0 .
395.
( a f -\-( )2 = /2, 0

.
396. ,
:
1) ( 1) 3)2^ 2 5 ;
2) 16 * ( . * 1 - 4 - 3 > 2 - - 2 5 ;
3) ( 1)2-}- { 2)" ; 25, ( 4)s + (y 6)2 < 9 ;
4) 2-f- 2 * 0, ^ 0;
5) 24- 2 4 ; 0 , \ \ ^ \ .

397. ,
( 6 , 0 ) ( 9, 9).
398. ,
::.
415] . V. 95

399. ,
.
400. ( jc )* + ( ? = *
?
401. ,
(2, 1), ( 1, 2) .
402. :2
4 - - |- = 0 ?
403. ,
(2, 3) 2 - | - 1 = 0 .
404. ,
( ! , 3) (3, 5).
405.
(2, 4).
406. = 1^26
(2, 7) ( 2, 1).
407. 3,
.
408.
(2, 3), .
409. ' -\-* -\- - \ - = 0
. { )
: 1) ? 2) ?
3) ?
410. ,
(2, 1) (3, 4),
2 -}- 1 = 0 .
411*. ,
2*-|~ 1 = 0 , 2 y -,L-2 = 0
.
412*. ,
- \ - 2 = 0, y - j - 4 = 0, ; 7 = 0.
413. (1, 4), ( 7, 4)
(2, 5). , .
414*. 5 ,
ABC,
: .v 4 = 0, * 4 -{-3 6 = 0, 4"-{- -(-23 = 0.
415. 1,
*-{-4 5 = 0
( - 4 , 4).
96 . V. [416

416. 5,
-f- 2 3 = 0, ,
.
417. r = 1,
, ,
' ,-}-7 = 0.
418. ,
( 2, 1).
419. ,
= | / 2 -{-2 = 0, 7 - \ - = 0.
420. ,
.
421. = 5
2 _ 4 = 0 ( 1, 2).
422. ,
(0, 3) ( 2, 1).
423. ,
- \ - 2 0 2 - \ \ = 0 ( 1, 0).
424. ,
7 - |- 1 0 = 0 (4, 2), ,
2 - \ - 0.
425. ,
4 3_- 4 - 1 = 0 , ,
.
426. ,
(1, 1).
427*. ,
- \ - 2 = 0, -}-3 = 0
(1, 0).
428. -j- A y ' -f- 2 -f-
-+- 2 C y -|-D = 0 ().
.
429. ,
, { 1, 0), { 2, 4),
, c t g a = 3 .
430*. ,
+ 0:
1) - \ - 2 -(-: + J3y - = 0;
2) ;
3) .
446] . V. 97

431. , - \ ~ 12 = 0
2 - \ - 2 2 = 0 .
432. 2 - \ - 2
2 8 8 = 0 , 5 - \ ~ \ 2 14 = 0 .
433. :
2 4- " 6"4-4 12 = 0, 2 - \ - - \ - \ 0 8 4- 16 = 0.
434.
2 -(- 2 4- 4*
+ + = 0 ?
435.
0 ( 0, 0) 2 4- 2 + +
+ + = 0 ?
436. ,
( 5)2 - f y 2 9 = 0.
437.
2-\-~ 2 -) 6 = 0 .
438.
'2 4~ 2 + 4- 0 .
439.
- \ - 2 2 4 = 0 (3, 1).
440. , ,
( a f ( b f 2 = 0 /0(.0, 0),

0
SH1 2 ~ V(x0- a ) 2+ (i/0- b ) 2

441.
4- 2 4- 2 ' 4 4 _ 1 = 0 4 = 0 .
442.
2- \ - 2 3 x Jr 2 3 0,
4 4- 0.
443. ,
(: ) 2- \ - ( b y 2 = 0
.
444. ,
(5, 0), (4, 1) - \ - 4 4- 34 = 0.
445.
4- 4- = 0 2 -\- 2 = R 2?
446.
( 1)2 + ( + 2 )2 = 25, ' 4_ = 0.

4 . . .
98 . V. [447

447. (2, 1), 5 ( 3 , 7), { , )


- { - 2* = 0.
448. ,
(5, 6) (-f- 1): -j- (_ 2)* 25 = 0.
449. ,
(7, 1) ; = 0.
450. ,
( )*-{-(. )
* = 0 (* + />* > * ) .
451. ,
-\-* 2 4
2 0 = 0 , + 8 8 4 = 0.
452.
(' I)2 -{-( + 2)* 1 3 = 0 , (+)* -j-(y 1) 36 = 0 .
453*.
(0, 2) * -|- 6,v + 8 11 = 0
.
454*.
,- + 2 4 - 2 = 0
- \ - 6 = 0, ~ + * 8 = 0
.
455. :
- -* 6.V -\- 2 6 = 0 ,
- _j_ y i _)_ 4 _|_ 2 - | - 4 = 0 .
456.
( )* + ( )* \ = 0, / = 1, 2, 3 .
457.
2 -(- - -j- A kx -f- /; -|- Ch = 0, / = 1, 2, 3,
, .
.
453. :
* - * -\-x~i ~2y ,
* + / + 2: + 2 + 3 = 0,
* -f-y 1 -{- 3-v -f-y 1 = 0.
459*. ,
:
~ -j- -j- 2 = 0,
'* + / + 2 + 2 + 3 = ,
A's - ~}' ; ~\- 1 = 0 .
463] . V. 99

460. ,
(1, 1), (0, 2) ( 5)2 +
+ ( _ 5 ) 2= 1 6 .
461. ,
(1, 2) 7 -|-1 0 = 0
~ -}- 2 2 - \ - 4 20 = 0.
462. ,
(4, 5), ( 4, 1), (0, 1).
463. (4, 5) ( 4, 1)
, ,
(x -f-3 )2- |- y 2 = 9,
3, 0).
VI

, ,

. (. 18)
:

b ( > ) , . .
, (1) .
( 1 ) , . .
, .

. 18.

F, ( , 0) F , (, 0),
= Y - --, (2 )
.

(3)

.
. V I. , 101

(, ) ( 1 ) ,
I-'.,,
1
-\-, , = . (4)
,
,
2.
,
, 0 /-V
* - 7 .

( 1 ).
(4) () , :
~ = , = { (L
(I| (12
_ _
~~ '
,
, .
(1),
:

+ * - 0 . (G)

, ,
, . kv
,

/,/2 = - ~ . ( 7)
(
( 1 ) 0(.0, //0)

(8)
- -

. (. 19)
:

- = 1 - (9 )
- -
b , .
= (9) .
(9)
(. . 0,) .
Z7! ( , 0), ., (, 0),

c ~ Y -\- , (10)
102 . VI. ,

Q
(9); > 1
.
N (, ) (9)
( < ) r v . F ,, F t ,
,== ex, : = . ( 11 )
(., )
(9) ( ^ ) r x, rt ,, F t,
- {-, + . ( 12 )
,

, 2.

= --> (1 3 )

(9).
(11), (12), (13) ,


, ,
dv d t

. V I. , 103

,
.
:

- ~
(14)

.


b2
. (1 )

(9)
10(, 0) :
///_ 1 (16)
2 ~
(9)

V'

X. (17)

,
, :
*=*, 0. (18)
^ ,
*
.
* .
(. 20)
:
2 2, (19)
,
,
.
(19) (. .
) , (19)


(* )
(19)
(20)

(., ) (19)

,
1 0 4 . VI. , [ 4 6 4

,
.
(19)
( )

U= i . (22)

/ .
(19) 0 (, 0)

= ( + ). (23)

/= *. (24)
,
1
~ 2 \ \
.

( ),
,
,
:

v 1 cos
q ; -
, ;
( <?= 1 ),
= , .

1.

464. , :
1) 5 4;
2) 8
10;
12
3) 26 = .
~ tf**
465.
*
466. ^ + = *
477] 1. 105

467. , :
1)
60;
2)
;
3)
.
468*. ,
{ , 0), (, 0).
469. : 1) / ^ ( l , 2);
2) ( 1, 3); 3) ,( 6, 1); 4) ( 1,7);

) , ( 3 , 5 ^ | )
470. .
( 2, 2), Q (3, 1).
.
471. ,
F { 0, 1), F. ( 1, 0) 2.
472.
7 1.
.
V /V2
473. -1-^ = 1.
.
474. = ^ 8 ,
8. .
475. , , :
1) ;
2)
;
3)
.
476. joo + ^ g ^ ,

.
tr
477. ( , 0 ) ^- + ^ = 1
, .
.
1 0 6 . V I. , !- [ 4 7 8

478. ,
.'1 //2
+ ~ = 1.
- ' lr
*2 ^*2
479. -
2
, / = .

480. ,
2 -1-7 = 0, 2 1 = 0
2 I/
4 - = 1
100 64
481. 25 + j g = l>
( 2, 1) .
482*. , ,
, .
A'2 f/2
483. . 32~ryjj = ^
(4, 3).
484*.
,2 2
~ - j - j g = l , 7(10, 4).
V'2 //2
485. jg -b ij- = 1,
-|- 1 = 0 .
486.
'2 -f 82 = 45, 3.
2
487*. , ^ ~ {-| =
,
, ,
,
.
4 S 8 . ,
X? tf2
---}-%-=1.
6
489*. ,

, .
490*.
'2 //2
-j- B y -j- = 0 -- j - ^ -= 1?
502] 1. 107

491*. -
~ if . X2 . if ,
: 4-- = 1 4 - ~ - = 1.
5 4 4 5
XS ,.
492. , = 1
,
, ,
, 1.
493*. ,
X1
^ + ^ - = 1, ,
,
.
494*. ,
+ .
495. b ,
( ' , ' ) }
.
?
496. ,
(5, 0).
, , = 0,8.
497*.
( ).
?
498*. , Fx ( 3, 0),
( 3, 0), '-|- 5 = 0.
.
499.
**
1,

1 .
500*. ,
.
501*. , ,
,
,
.
502*. -
.
108 . V I. , [503

503*. ,
-
. .
504. ,

, .
505*.

.
506*. (*0, 0) -
X^ tP
1.
.
507*.
, .
: ~ .
508*. ,
('0, 0) :
509*. ,
, , ,
,
.
510*.
/2
-|- -f- 0: 1) = 1?
2) ?
511*. , ,
,
,
, .
512*. , -(-^ -= 1 ,
,
,
.
513*.
( , )
/2 , M ZF2 .
523] 1. 109

514*. ,
, ,
() .

(0, 0)
515*. ,
,
() .
516*. , /
,
-(- M F Z < 2, Ft F , , 2
.
517*. ,

b ( ,
;
, ,
).
518*.

519*. ,
.
520*. , ()
^F - f | F = l .
521*.

522.
MB,
.
, ,
,
.
523*. '
.
Q,
' Q ' . , ^9 q , = const
110 . VI. , [524

V.* (
524*. - - { - ^ = 1 ,

.
525*.
,
. ,
.
526*. ,

.
527*. ,

( ).

?
528*. , PQRS .
, ,
P R F v
Q S , P R
Q FXS, a Q S P F ZR.

.
529*. , ,

, .
,
.

2.

530. /1(4, 1), ( 1, 2),


/2 , 1) x z - %= \ .
531. , :
1) = 5 = \
2) 10
8.
532. , :
13
1) 48 ;
542] 2. .' 111

2 ) 16 -
3
tg = .
533. .
13
534. :

/(24, 5), .
.
~ If*
535. ^ = ^*

536. = 1.
537. , :
39
1 ) -

5
-j-;
2 ) 60 0 = 2 ^ 3 .
538. ,
.
539. ,
^5 = 1 , -
5
.
V* (f*
540. = 1.
1
:
1 ) ;
2 ) ;
3) ;
4)
.
541. , ,
( ),
. ,
.
542. ,
,
.
.
1 1 2 . VI. , [ 5 4 3

543. , , :
1) 8
6;
2) 31^2
;
3) 2
5 ;
4) y = = - j X
tf ( 6 , 9).
544.
, ,
7,2
12,8.
545. ,
:
1) = 2;
2)
.
546. .v2 ' 8.
, / ( 5 ,3 ) .
547. , :

1) ;
2) ,
.
548*. ,
.
549.
~ 1, 1 (5, 1) .

550. , (4 = 1
- -
, ,
.
551. ,
A'2 i f .
- = 1, ,
.
564] 2. 113

552.
- - *= 1 -/(5, 4 ) .
4
553.
-2 2 = 8 (3, 1 ).
554*.
4 = 1) 1( 1, 4).
555.
2 tf = ,1 , :

U
1 ) ' 1 7 - 0 ;
2) 2 -|- 5_ -|- 11 0.
556*.
By -j- = 0 ^ 1.
557*.
2 tf , ..

* 1 .
(
558. Z7, (4, 2 ), ( 1 , 10)
3-v-j- 4 5 = 0. .
5 5 9 * .'
, .
560*. ,
(1, 0), , { 0, 1)
.
561*. ,
,
,
/V/ , .
562. ,
9
----- .
J r f v 4 5 cos
563.
,

4 4 ~ ~ 2 5 = 1,
564. ^ = 1
,

?
114- . VI. , [ 5 6 5

565. ,
, 2 = 0 / (4, 2).
.
566*. ,
y ^ s i \ x
5 6_ 8 = 0 .
567. :
1) 9 25 ~ 18* 316 = 0;
2) 5' 6 / + ' 12 3 1 = 0 ;
3) *2 4_ -{-6; -{-5 = 0.
.
568*. -
.
569*. ,
-
.
570. ,

, .
571*.

.
572*. ( 0, ) -
* //
^ ?
.
( jc , 0)
? .
573*.
,
- = 1. = ~ .
574:!:. ,
( , 0) ^ | = 1.
575*. , ,
( ),
.
584] 2. 115

576*. , -
X* 1
~ = ^
.
577*. ,
,
.
578*. ,
X1 ^
1,
.
579. ,

.
580*.
, ,
,
() .
( 0, 0) -
X s I /
1?
581*. , ,
,
,
.
582*. ,
,
\ 1 \ > 2 , F t F, , 2
.
583*. , /
, ,
/, I
, ,
/, ,
, .
/ ,
.
584*. , ,
,
.
116 . VI. , [585

585*.
, (0, 0)
^ = = 1 , ?
-
586*.
( 0, 0) , ,

, ?
587*.
Alt { x v ) 12 ( , )
^ ^ = 1?
588*. ,
, Alt /2,
FXM V Ft Alt , / 2 FZM V Fx F2
.
589*. ,
,
v2 2
, ' ^2 1
.
590*.
, /2 ,
1 1 \\ { 1 ).
591. ,
(
).
592*.
,
.
,
.
593*. (
) ,
.
, ,
.
594*.
\ _ , AIFt F;
AI , Ft Fz
.
602] 2. 117

595*. ,
(. . , )
.
596*. ,
,
,
.
597*. , ,
,
,
.
,

.
598*. , ,
,
,
.
599*. ,

.
600*.
. ,
\ M f \ M F 2 ( Fl F ).
601*. 2
( 2 ). ,

] \
1) = /VlJVMoR = ~
R-r- ,
M j F lt 2, M 2F2 (. 588),
);
\ \
^ . , Fj2= 2 *

602*. ,

(
), .
1 1 8 . VI. , [ 6 0 3

603*.
X2 *
- \ - + = 0: 1) t 1 ^ = 1 ?
2) ?
604*. ,
.
605. , ,
^ ~ ( b , ):
1) ;
2) .
606. ,
, ,
.
Xi -
607. , 2 * = 1

.
608.
0>
,


JC2 //2
= I, .
,

* '[ ( -7). '+ )]-


609:!:. , ,
,
.
610*. , , ,
- . ('1
),
, .
619] 2. 119

611*. , , ,
,
, ,
.
612*. , ,
,
.
613*. ,
.
614*. , , -

,
, ,
,
.
615*.
~ .
616. 1
,
, A M
.
617*. ,

,
.
618*. -
, . , :
1) ,
, ;
2)
,

;
3)

,
.
619*. '
.
120 . VI. , [620

Q,
' Q'. , ~ , '~ = const.
620*. ,
Q. ,

- = const, ,
.
621*. ,

, (
) ;

,
.
622*. ,
,
, , -
, .
623*. ,
.
624*. ,
.
625*.

?
626*. , ,

, . ,
.

3 .
627. 4.
628. 1 = 4 .
629. 8jc.
630. 1 = 6'.
631. ,
3.
632. ,
2.
647] 3. 121

633. ,
F { 3, 0) 1.
634. * 4*-j-5.
635. , , :
1) 3,
;
2) (5, 0),
;
3) ,
( \ , 4);
4) (0, 2)
;
5) ,
/ (6, 2).
636. ~ 8; , -
20.
637. ~ = 2 ,
. .
638. 4,
(3, 1) .
639. 4
/ (9, 6).
640. 3_ -{- 9 = 0
2 2. .
641*.
- \ - - \ ~ = 0 ~ 2.
642*. ,
= k x -j- b * = 2 .
643*. ~ 4
+ 1-
644*. ,

~ 2.
645*.
, _2 = 2 .
6 4 6 / 2 S x
.
647. , -
6
Q= -j------------.
122 . I . , [643

648. , , F

, .
649. 2 *=* 64
4 -}- -J-46 0.
650. ,
,
, , .
651*. ,
1 2 .
.
652*. ,
,
, .
653. , ,
(, 6),
! 1)
; 2) ; 3)
; 4)
.
654. ,
,
:
1) / * 2 1 9 - 0; 5) = * - f - f ;
2) * 6 -{-1 4 -}-4 9 = 0; 6) = * 8: 5
3) / + 8 16 - 0; 7) =* 1 + 6.
4) X 6 4 + 29 *=0;
655*. , ,
, ,
.
656. ,
( 5, 0),
, /= = 12.
.
657. .
, , 24
6 .
658. , ,
16
.
670] 3. 1?3

, , , ,
12 .
659. ,
.
660. ,
jc1 -j-y* = I.
661*.
, , ,
,
.
(.v9, y j
=*2?
662*. , *
, ,
: <.(1 ,
, a d
.
663*. , %( 9, 0)
1 2 ,
0
.
664*. , 0 (',, 0)
* =~ 2 ,
, , ( 0, 0).
665. , .
663*. , ,
.
667*. ,
( )
.
668*. , ,
,
.
669*. ,
,, ,
, 2, ,
(, ,
).
670. ,
, ,
.
1 2 4 . V I. , [ 6 7 1

671*. ,
- ,
.
672. ,
- ,
.
673. , .
674. ,

.
675. ,
,
/,
.
'/,
/ .
676*. ,
, ,
.
677*. ,
, ,
, ,
, .
678*.
2, a .
, : 1) M F 2 = M l F - M 2F; 2)
679*. ,
-
.
680*.
-\- B y -j- 0: 1) 2 = 2?
2) ?
681*. , - ,

, , ,
,
, .
682*. , ,
,
,
686] 3. 125

.
.
, .
683. , ,

, . ,
.
684*. /,
. ,

I .
685*. , -
,
;
,
,
.
686*. . ' ,
,
, .
1) , /,
' ,, , ,
.
/ ,
?
2) / ,
,, ., , ?
.
3) , /
, , ., ,
/ , , /,, / .
1 ,
/, .
4) / , , / , /,
? , ,
/,, /, /, /,
.
VII


:
2
+ 2 + i f + 2 Dx + 2 + = 0; ( 1)
-I-2 -j- atf -|-2a tx + 2a.ij -j- 0; ( )
2 33
+ 2 , -}- a ^ tf + 2a l3x 2aSiy + a 0. ( 1")
(I) '
X 2
4 -- = 1 ,
( lr
2 , '2 1 ,

-
X2 Y:
+ 0 ,
X Y2
- 1 ,
- 2
X 2 Y2
,01 .

II. 2 .
[ 2~ , 0, ,
III. \ X = 2, 0, ,
\ X 0 .
:
_
1*
(2 )
2\ 22
1, 12
3= ,, 2 (3)
,
1 ,,
11= **11"22>
12= :1,

. VII. , 127

. ,
* + 2 1 + + 2 + 2atij -f- =

,
2
' -\- ' ' - f ',//'* + 2'' + 2 '' - f a ' = 0
,
,

12 12

2 2 8.

1 + a zz = +

a iz 1
a i2 a\
22 2 = <4 a 'z
/

ai a'
fl2
1 = 0, /, = 0 ( )

a 1 a.
-i-
i
1 a az a
, .

+ /, = 0 (6)
. , ,
.
.
,
; : , ,
, .
,
(. .
), :
/,7 * 0 .
,
, . . .
, , :
/. = 0, 3 = 0.
,
; : ,
, .
,
( ), :
/ 4 = 0, /<, = 0.
128 . VII. ,

* + 2* + ^ - = 0; (7)
2

: .

/ ,* 2 2 J / ^ L Y = 0 , (8)
' '1
:

/ , + : = 0- (9)
J


:
I. / 2> 0 , / , / ( 3 < 0,
> , 3 0
/ , > , ,3
/ 2 < 0, }( ,3 0
/ < 0, ,
II. / = , 3 ,
III. / = , 3
= 0, /< < ,
/ . = 0, /( 3 , > ,
0. /. = 0,/ 2 ,
. 129.

:
() ,
:
+ ,// -|-, = 0, 2
a lx-\-ai2y -\- = 0. ( 10)
' 1 0

. 1 ,
/==- 11
2~ ^
, ,
'2

xtx- - 2 2 + ^ = .

,
,
*2




.
I V C + x 2r*+ ^ - J =o 1 > , 1 <

VII.
J2 - 6
2
.

,
U > , i tK t > -+ b- j
3



/,> 0 , A'3= 0 - 6*
4 /2 <0, 3 0
5 S-- E- i


/* <0, 3= 0
^ - = 0
II /= 0, - -
0 l,x 2 -'- =0 6 /, = 0, 3 X2= 2pY
III /,=, 7


0 , + ^ = 0
'1 - = -
/,=0, = , *:2<
8

/2=0, /<3= 0, '2> 0 '= -
9

/ = 0, /<3= 0, "= 0 ~=0
------------------- -
130 . VI I . ,

.
,
,
3,
k= il

(att 0) .

, ,
, , .


, + ,2 = 0
--- ( 12)

. . 2+ .,,
21 - 22 + " _, 1= 0
11 +22
.
| <h* \ (13)
<* ai I
.

( )

,
,

.

,
S n t 8> :< 70

:
1
. VII. , 131

G= g& , (18)
, :
.. 2 1 \
/ 1- .
2! 22 2
Sn + (19)
\ 0 2 , 0 )

,
.

:
( 10);
' ( )

(20)
a n g u K

= gai *1 (21)
<htStxK
, ,
~.
,
, . :
.. , , 122 + n (22)
"+ ' # + ~

,, + + . + + = 0.

& I l 2 2
9 -
2 ^ , 2 0 , 2 + 22 11
* <23>
(
),
+ 21 + .,.," -f 2,* -(- + = ,

+ + a i = 0, 21 - f ., + ., = 0. (24)
,
/ , = , .
,, ..
,
, {/, } ,
( + 1: -1- ,) / -|- (21 + 2 -J- ,) = (25)

+ = , (25')
132 . V II . ,

2
F x = a llx + a l y-\-al , 2
F y = a lx + a 22y + a 2 (26)

.
k,
:
F x + k Fy = 0. (27)

.


^ ~ ( ,. 0) (28)
12

~ ( 22 0). (29)
22
, = ,? = 0, .
{/,, , } {/,, 2\
( 1 )

+ \( + / * ' , ) = 0. (30)

&, 2, (30) :
n + a ( ^ + ^ ) + ^ M = 0- (31)

,
( ,2= 0).
,
, :
2
~-\-.. ~ = 0. (32)
( ) ,
.
;
,2 0,

a 12k* + (au a 22) k a l2= 0. (33)
.

= ^ ( ,, 0) (34)

= ^- ( , # 0 ) . (35)
11
. VII. ,

,, = <,2 = , ,
, .

, ,

' 1
1112 22 0 . (36)
8 12 25
,
, ,
Sn 12 1


S 12 S 22
, (37)
12 8 22 1 ,
12 1

S n 812

= - 12 22 ( 33)
0;
8 12 822
12 22
, ,
, .
;
{/, }

12+ 21 -\-2 =0, (39)


( , 22^ 0)-
-J- 2,2 + 22/ = 0. (40)
, ,
.

F (x , ) = 0 (41)
; ,

( , !/) = (42)
12
.
(, )
:
+ = 0, (43)
{/, } ,
,
+ = 0, (44)
134- . V II. ,

k ,
.
()
,
, i = 0 ( , , = 0).
, , :
12
2 -\-=0. (45)
( 1 ) 0
(0, 0)

(, 1*0 + : - ai) + (* + + ) + 1* + + . = 0. (46)
,
, :
2
+ , + 2 = 0. (47)
,
22
-\-2atx = 0. (48)
F , = 0 2 = 0
,
X ,F ,-f-,22= 0 (49)
,
.
, , ,
, (49).
,
,
. ,
.

-+ 2a l2xy 22
- 2a tx -j- 2a.,y - f a = 0,
2
bux- -\- bl2xy b22y: 2bXx 2 6 ,//+ b = 0
,
,
.
.
1. ,

6 - f 8: 12 26 -j- 11 = 0.
.
0 3
1 = = 9 <0
3 8
;
0 3 6
* , = 3 8 13 = 81 # 0
-6 13 11
. VII. , 135

;
/, = 0 + 8 = 8.
:
.28.9 = 0;
:
X] 9, = 1.
:
QI
9*-* + - ^ = 0;
:

1 9 - 1*

:
6 = 0, 3.v + 8 y 13 = 0;
:
0 ' ( - 1, 2).
' :

*==3
( . 21).
136 . V II. ,

2. ,

+ 81/ 1 2 26// + 11 =
, (. ).
.
0' ( 1, 2). '
3, ,
1 . 3
cos<p = -y^= smcp = -
/16 /
, , :
X , + , 0
,v = ----------- 1, +2,
V /16

_ -- 3// 5 = ~ + 5
/ /
3.
-f- 8tf 12 26 + 1 1 = 0.
.
:
X Fi = - /, (= 0;
= /, Ft = 0,
(. 2 )

, = ~ ^
0, , 5-
:

* = + J L ,
~ V

+ 3// 5 1
/ ~ /

+ 4 = 0 , + 6 = 0.
4.
: 4 + 4;/ + 3 7 = 0.
. VI I . ,

.
1
/,= 2 =,

1 2
-2 4 25
= '4

;
/, = 1 + 4 = 5.
:

2 Yb *

:
= - 4 = .
/5
:

2 -
1-2 2

1+4
- )=04
2
- -\-\ = 0.
:
* - 2 //+ 1=0, ^
- 4 + iy- + 4 7 = 0; )
2 = 1 , )
2
( ):
) + 4: 7 = 0 ; f

2 + 1 = 0, \
4 6 = 0. f
:
' (3, 2).
, :
2
2 2 = {-5 .

(. 22) ( , X = ~, = + 1).
5.
X 4 + 4 if + 4 7 = 0
(. 4).
138 . VH. ,

. *
= 0 '( 3,2),
2 5

I { 2, 1}.
', :

cos :

, !
__2 . V 2
= ... + , + 2,

2//4- 8
X:
/5 /5
:
1
= =0,
4 /5

-V= 2,9; 0 = 1 ,9 5 .
:
1
=
4 5
. VH. , 139


2 + 8
V 4 V

8-\ + 4 33 0.
6.
2 + 4* + + 2 2 = 0.
II .

1 -

/,= - < 0
5_
2
;

3=

' .
:

2
5 + 4 + + 2 2 = + ( + 1) + 4.2 + 2 2 =
5 + 1 \ + 4* +
= ** + ( - 5 / / -1-1). 4 2 2
(= W
2 5*/ 10// + 1
+ 4 * + 2 - 2 -
V 4
- 9 / -I- 18// 9
-(-+= s^ y+ 4
3 //-3

+ 1 . 3 -5// -f- 1 3
2 + 2
*+
) -
= (* 1) ( 4// + 2).
:
1=0, 4 + 2= 0.
140 . VII. , [687

g 1. , , , ,

687. ,
: (0, 0), (0, 1), (1, 0), (2, 5), ( 5, 2).
688.
:

1) 5;2 + 8 + 5 / 18; \ + 11 = 0;
2) 2 4 + 2 + 11 = 0 ;
3) 4 + 4 + 2 1 -)- 6 = 0;
4-) 2 -f- : + 2 11 0.
689.
* 2 3 -{- : - 2 5 = 0 ,
,
2 1 = 0 .
690. 4 5* -j- 2;
- 6 _ 1 = 0. ,
( 4, 2).
691. 5;2 ^
2: = 0. ,
2 ; 3_ = 0.
692. 2 2
2: 2 = 0 , '2 2^ 4 - 2: 2 = 0.
693. 5* - \ - : 4~
4-2. 5 = 0 (2, 1) 5 ( 1 , 4).
,
, .
694*. ,
'2 6 - \ - * 4 - 4 = 0, ,
1 = 0 .
.
696. ,
4 ( 1 , 0 ) , 5 ( 3 , 2 ) , (0, 2),
D (0 , 2), , CD
.
696*. :2 2 - {- ~ -\ -
4-: 10 = 0, :2 2:^ 2 4-^ 10 = 0.
,
.
706] 1. , , , 141

697*. , ,
,
, .
698. 10,v* - \ - 2 l x y - \ - 9 2
4 1 * 3 9 ^ + 4 = 0.
699. :
1) 2 10 2 8_ = 0;
2) 3jc* -|- 2 2 + 8 * + . 14 = 0;
3) ' 7 -j- 4 2 -4-5:-+ 2 6 = 0;
4) 1 2 / - f 6; + 4. + 21 = 0 .
700. * 2 2 5 -f-4_ +
-[-6 = 0 .
701. 2 2-\-2-\- 3 = 0
, ' + ^ 5 = 0.
702. 4~ - \ - 2 6* +
-+4_-}-2 = 0. ,
.
703*. (3, 4)
2 1 4 + 2 2 -j- b y 3 = 0.
704*.

{ -j- >' - -[ 2 ( -(- -f- ) 0, 0.

, : 1) ;
2) - \ - $ - \ = 0 3)
- \ - - \ - = 0
.
705*.

( + ) 2 -I- 2<?13: -|- 2 + = , 0.
.
"1,* .

('0, 0) -
.
706*. , :
1) ,
, ,
;
2) , ,
,
.
142 ; vii. , [707

707*. , ,
,
, .
708*. , ,
,
.
709. :
1) 1 + 8 + 5>'2 18; 18_ + 9 = 0;
2) 2 -\--2y 3 = 0 ;
3) ;* 4 - \ - 4 * 5: + 10<y -f-6 = 0;
4) 2;* -f- ;_ 21 5 2 = 0;
5) * 4 + 4 - 5' + 6 = 0.
.
710*. , ,
, :

('ai ' + " ) + j 2 ('. - . + ) = 0

, ( atl x + 12 + ) + ( 1- \- 1 + ) = 0.
711*. , lie
(
).
712*. ,
, .
713*. ,
,
,
.
714*. ,
, ,
, .
715*. ,

.
716*. ,

,
;
.
726] 2. 143

717*.
, .
718*. ,
2:* 4 - \ * 2;-|-6. 3 = 0,
, (3 ,4 ).
.

2.
.

719. :
1) * + 2 + * + ^ = 0; 3) ( + 2^)2 3 / = 1;
2) :* + 2 + + + = ; 4) (2: ) ( ) 1 = 0 .
720.
,
:
1) 2;* + 3 + 4 1 + 2 1 = 0 ;
2) 4;* 4 - \ - 8 + 6 ^ 2 = 0;
3) 2', 4 1-j- 6;-J- 6_ 4~ 1 = 0 .
721.
, ,
:
1) :* + 2 / + 4 * 4 ^ = 0 ;
2) 4:2 1 8: 6, 4 0;
3) 4:2 + 4: + 2. 1 = 0 ;
4) 6:* -j- 8 ^ 2 + 4 ^ + 1 = 0;
5) 2 .2 6; -J- 9, 2 = 0;
6) 2 2 -|- 4- 4 6 = 0;
7) 4 / 4 - 4; 2 ^ 4 -1 = 0 ;
8) '2 2* 4 - 6; + 4 + 1 = 0;
9). x y - j - x ~ j - y = 0.
,
, :
722. 5 2 4- 4 + 8 / 32; 56. 4- 80 = 0.
723. 9'2 + 2 4 + 16 :1 2 30; 4 4 75 = 0 .
724. 5:* 4~ 12 22: 12_ 19 = 0.
725. :* 2 + * 6> + 25 = 0.
726. - + 4 * + - \ - 2 2 = 0.
144 . VII. , [727

727. 4 2 12 -I- 9 2 + 3;; 2 = 0.


728. 1) 2 1 - \ - 4 + 5 2 6 8^ 1 = 0 ;
2) 5jc* + 8 + 5 / 1Sx 1S y -j- 9 = 0;
3) 5 :2 - f 6; -j- 5_* 1 6; 16_ 16 = 0;
4) 8 / + 12: 2 6 11 = 0 ;
5) 72+ 1 2 3 / 1 4: 1 6 2 18 = 0;
6) 7 24 38: -|- 24^ -|- 175 = 0;
7) 9:2 + 24 + 1 6 / 40; + 3 0 ^ = 0;
8) '2 + 2 - \ - 8: - ( - 4 = 0 ;
9) 4;2 Axy + f 2 1 4 + 7 = 0.
729.

4 + 3 / + 16: + 12. 3 6 = 0 .

, ,
, ,
, , ,
, .
730. ,

(; cos t - \ - y sin t)* = 2p (x sin t cos t -{-</),


731. ,
( A tx - \ - - \ - ,)2 +
\ - ( - \ - - \ - )2 = 1,
- \ - = 0,
.

.
732.
(4, 2 ), -
/ 5
2 : 1 0 = 0 , - .
.
733.
(0, 5), , ,
' 4 = 0;
J/ . .
745] 2. 145

734. ,

flji.v* -f- 2 - \ - ai?y z -f- 2 - \ - 2 - \- = 0.


735.
/, = 0, K t 0?
736*.
.
.
737*. ,
2 /7= 0 , .

0 ( 0, 0) ?
738*. ,
2 F = 0 ,
.
, /0 (0, 0)
, .
739*. ,
2 = 0 , .

?
740*. ,
F i x , ) = 0 ,
F(x, ) = ~ .
2
741. , \ = 4 /2, 0
,
.
742. ,
, .
743*. ,
, 2 = 0 ,
, .
744*. ,
, ,
,
,
.
745*. ,
,
146 . VII. , [74G

.
?
746.
. d
.
747:!:. :
4- 2 a ltx y + a tty* 2 -}- 2 . - f = ,
+ 2 - f + 2 -+- 2 , + b = 0.

,
?
748. 1 2 + / + 6 9 = 0.
,

, .
749. ,
{ + + $ - { + + ,)* = 1,


0, ,

.

3.

750*. , (2, 1)
(5, 1), 6 ( 0 , 3).
751*. ,
2^ = 0 , - \ - = 0

( 0, 1).
752*. , ,
( 2, 1), ;
(3, 0) .
753*. ABC: ( 4, 2), (8, 2), (4, 5).
,
, AD, ,
.
754*. : 0 ( 0 , 0), (8, 0), 5 ( 0 , 6).
,
766] 3. 2 147

, 0.4
.
755*.
0 ( 0 , 0), (4, 0), ( 2, 2);
. ,

.
756. ( 0 , 1)
(3, 0) 2 3 4 - 1 = 0 ,
X 5 = 0 . .
757. ,
(1, 0)
(0, 1)
(1, 1).
758. ,
(3, 0),
1 (1, 1).
759*. ,
1 = 0 , 2 _ y - j - l = 0
4 + ^ 4 - 5 = 0.
760*. , 2
4 - 2 = 0 , = 0 (1, 1).
761. ,
:24- 1 4- 7 / 4 -
4- 4 * 4 - 2 4 - 1 = 0 , .
762. , ,
(2, 1) 2 = 0 ' = 0
.
763. ,
(4, 3), ,
.
764*. ,
0 ( 0 , 0), (4, 0), (0 , 2) ,
.
765. ABC: /1(6, 0), ( 0, 4), (6, 4).
,
, ,
( 4, 3).
766*. ,
- \ - 1 = 0 - \ - 1 = 0
= 2, b = 1.
148 . VII. , [767

767*. ,
4- ^ 4- 1 = 0
- 1 = 0 , ( 2, 1),
Mt ( 0 ,- 2 ) .
768*. ,
4 - .4*1 = 0 (0, 0),
(0, 1).
7 6 9 ;!. , ,
, ,
/1 ,(2 , 1), /12 (10, 7)
( 0, 7).
770. ,
Z7, (2, 3), \ (1, 0), ,
( 2, 0).
771. ,
cos 4-. sin 0,
(,, _>',)
( 2, ), .
772*. ,
Z7, (,, {) (: , . )
4- = 0.
773. ,
4 1 = 0 ( 2, 1).
774. ,
( 1, 2) _4-8 = 0.
775. ,
, /^(1, 1).
776. ,
( 0, 1), ^ 4 - 3 = 0 ,
, (7, 0) .
777. ,
F ( l , 1), 4~2_ 1 = 0
<7= 1^5.
778*. ,
/7, (1, 1) Ft ( 2, 2) 4~ 1 = 0 .
779*.
( 1, 2), ,
+ 2 1 = 0 .
780*. ,
F ( 2, 2) , 2 _ -[-1 = 0 ,
4 - 2 _ 7 = 0 .
790] 3. 2 149

781. , y = k

2 F 0 , 2 = 0.
.
782. 2 F = 0
*S(.v0, 0).
5 ,
.
783.
, 2 F ( , ) = 0,
S 0 ( x 0, 0).
784.
2 F = 0 , 2 = 0; /
, .
,
.
785. ,
A v x -\- = 0,
2 - \ - , - \ - = 0 , , ,
S J 0, 0).
786*.
,

.
.
787*.
(, )
,
, .
.
788*. ,
,
.
789*. ,

, .
790*. ,
,
,
.
150 . VII, , [791

791*. ,
,
. ,
. , :
1) Af /,
* ;
/, ;
(, , )
/;
2) / ,
.

,.
,,
/.

4.

792. ,

:
1) * 4.>cy-j- 1 4.v-f~2 2 = 0 ;
2) ;* 2 + 4 + 2 2 4 = 0 ;
3) -f- -f-4_* 6; 8 = 0.
793.
, ,
,
:
1) 2;1 V I ' + 2 10 = 0;
2) '1-}- 2 5:4- 2 = 0;
3) 4 4 1 4 15/ 8* 22_ 5 = 0:
4) 4 4 - {- * 6;4- 4 = 0.
794. ,

1 8 ; * 4 - 1 89.v_y 4- 4 1 8 / 17 1 = 0 , =9,
it is = 3 6 = 1 6 9
>
795.
50 :* 2_* + 1 = 0 , = 25, g n = 3, =- 1.
802] 4. 2 151

796. 4.vs -f- 2 8 +


+ 4 9 / + 1 2 * 1 = 0 , = 4 , ,, = 8, g 2i = 25.
797. '* +
+ 4/ _ 4.^ 4^ = , = 1 , g l t = g tl = 1 .
798.
20*2 + 124A'_y + 2 2 1 / 36: 126_ + 9 = 0,
,, = 4, g iZ 6 , ^ = 2 5 .
.
7S9.
+ / + 5 = 0, g t, = 1 , g ia = -1 , g t2 = 1 .
.
890.
2 4 + 2 + 1 = 0, g tl = 4, g lt = 1, g It = 1.
.
801. 49'2 +
+ 11 2 + 6 4 / + 30* + 0. + 6 = 0, g lt = 25, g 12 = 8,
& 2= 4 -
802*. ,, * 2 + 2 1 + 0
( 2 a2j < ; 0 ) . ,
,

:
1 , * +
21 + 2
= 0,
.
,
^ + ^ 21 + 2
= 0.
+ +
V III


, (, )
,
, (', '),

1:
x' = a u x - \- alxy - \ - a lt m
' = * + 0+*, v

, . . ,

* ; .+ * =1.
\2+ 1 = 1. (3)
1112 2121 = 0.

,
, ,
(. .
), .
,
, ,
( 1 ), (2) .

.
, (1),
: '( ,, ,) ;
, = !<*,,, ,,} =
= { 1 , 0); e, = {a i2, a 2Z\ ,
= { , 0 1 }.
<?, ,
aM= co sa , , = sin ,
. V III. 153

<?' = { c o sa , sin a}.



, | 11 |= ^ "
.
,

12 = sin a, , = os ,
. .
2 = { sin a, cos aj-.
:
x ''= -v c o s a f/s in a + a,, ...
' = .v sin a - f cos a - f a ,.

.

, * 02 = 1 .
I 21 22 I

.
,
,2 = sin , ., = cos a,
. .
_ jsin
> I a, cos }.

:
' = .v cos a -\-tj sin a -f-a ,, ,
y ' = x sin a //cos a - f a , . ' '

' = x + a,, y = y - f a 2 (G)
.

j c '= ,v c o s a sin a,
' = sin a -j- cos a * '
( ).

*' = *, ' (8)
( ).
.
.

, /VI (., )
154 . V III.

,
, ' (', '),
M l
= a.v -}- ol2y -J-
' = + a iZy -j- a s , ' '

I I 96* (10)
, (9),
: ' (a v ) ;
= | , 2, J- , = { 1 , 0}
\ = { 12, .\ <?2 = {0, 1} .
,
(. .
), ,
.

, ,
,
(9),
( 10).

.
, . . ,,
, (9),
' ' .

,
, ,
.

*' = *, ' *= ky,

, ( ).
/ .
,
,
.
,
,

.

.

, ;
, *
. V III. II 155

, , ,
, .

,
, .
{/, }
(9) :
( X) / + 11 = 0,
a21l -J- ( ,, X) = ,
, :
I \\ ^ 12
I 21 22-- ^ I

' = -\- ,
' = a2ix + a Zy, 2

, ,
( \\ \\
\21 2*/
, . . a is = ati.

, ,

, .

;
,
;
,
,
.
:
1 ) ;
2 ) ;
3) ;
4) ;
5) ;
6) ;
7) ;
8) ();
9) .
, , ,
, ,
',
;
'.
156 . V III.

1. :
'= -\- an y + a lt ...
' = an x + a2sy + a2. ' ;
e.
Ax' + % '-(- = 0. (2)

( 1 )
( + 12 + ,) -|- (a2lx -|- a2iy + ) - f = 0,
.
( -\-1) -\-(alzA -\-:) A a x-\- + = 0. (3)
(2) , . .
(3) , ,
(2 ) (3) ;

-\- = ,
,, +22 = , (4)
-j- -j- = ,

( X) + , = 0,
1 + ( \ ) = 0, (4')
-\-*-\- (1 X) = 0.

,
(4') ,
.,
= 0. (5)
fit, ! X
, X (5).
,

a i
,, ,
(5) .
, (
) . (5)
.

an X, 21, ,2, 22 X,
X (5),
, (4')
: .
X 1, (4')
:
' ^ ^ ^
1 '
. VIII. II 157

= 1 (4'),
.
.
, (5)
, 1 ,
.
(5)
, 1 , 1 ,
, = 1
.
(5) ,
1 .
21, 12, . X
, ,
(4) : ,
.
.
(5) , 1,
= ,, = 12 = 2 , = 0,
(4) /1 .
(4') :
_ 1 ~\-2
1 *
:
t , , , -f- ,
+ -\-------------------- >' _ 1 =0,

( ^ ) + ( , - )=.


( Q. \
1 - 1 1 ) '
,
, .

:
'= + ' = >-+-

^ ' j , ^ ,
:

*=* + & ' + =


158 . V III.

* * '+ = (** + = ) +<1

*' = ?**, =
. .

( Qj 2 \
V1 1 *
(5) 1,
X, al2, 21, 22 X , :
, .
.
(5) 1 = 12= 21=*
= 22 0, :
'= + = + 3

( ). ( ,
, , ) ,
{,, 2}. , = 2= 0,
: .
2. -
,
: :
' = -\-12, ' = a2lx + a22y. ( 1)
. *:
' = a nx + a2iy, ' = 12 aZiy- ( 2)
* :
= (anx + a i2y) + a 2t (21 + 22),
V = ( -f 12) + 22 (21 + 22),

X' = (2, + \) + (a o I2-I-21 ,2) ,


= (1 + 2221) + (~12+ ;.) .
.

. ,
1= { \) ez { xi> */2} *,
:
= * ,. (3)
. V III. 159

,
1 ^ { , y t] { 12+ 22, 2-\-2) =
= (an *! + 22) + (a2lx2+ 2 2) =
= + , -*,!/* + + 2
= 2 ( + ) + 2(,,*, + 22 ) =
{ 2 } { ~\~\> a n x \~\~ \ e zA * .
*
, :
*1 = 1* 1 \>
2= {. },
. .
* , = ,
* = \22.
:
2* = . = 0,
<?,_]_ 2.
, , 2,
(3) :
<?,* , = * = = e t 2=0.
,
*
( 1 ).
, , 2 ,
(1).
, 2 = 0

' = ,

(3) :
,= .*\ = 1 * 1= 0.
,
,;
, 2
, , *
, . .
* = .
,
* 2= 22.
, ,
( 1 ),
(2).
160 . VIII.

,

* .

,
.
3.
:
' = + 12 4
' = 21 + 22 + .


,
.

= , ].v 4 1/ ,
* *
= 2 + 4 - .
* *
. ,
, ', ' -,
. ,
, ', '
.

' = ' + ' + c v
CnyX' - f 22 4 2.
,
* # * * # *
W 4 ' 4 , = ( 4 12 4 ,) 4 1(21 4 22 4 2) 4
2
21 4 *' 4 , = 21 ( 4 12 4 ,) 4 22 (* 4
4 ) 4 2.
* *
' ',
:
' = 4 bi2y 4 by,
\j' = b2yX + b J j + b2 *).
4.
,
.

*) b{k, [
:
. V II I. 161

. 1) ,
.

'= + ,*0 + , ' = 2 -f a Z2y + , (1)
. ,
:

2 2 (2)

;
(OuX + a^y + at)2 (g 8iX + 'g g8i/ + qa)1
= 1
2

/ :. ; \ / ,, . / * :
{l? + T ? )* +2{ + - T r j :' - ' + { l ? + l > ) S
l +
/ , , ,,\ , 2 \ al

+2{ ' + )'J+w+ik='- <3>


(3) ,
(2 ),
:
1
- 4 - + -4 = A ,- v ,
2 (

1112 I 2125
:= 0,
1
)
il> 4 . =
2 ^ 62

_j_ uaLtit _ q
>2
;
- -|62
2
j-z 1= ,.
, , = , = ,

., 2 1
2 1
0.
j 2 2 ~ 26 2 0 ,2
2 72"

= 1.

6 . . .
162 . V III.

, :
' = + , ' = 21 + 22,
(4) :

2 2 2
\ 2 I 12_Q
2 ^ b2

^ 4 - ^ - 1
2 " b2

?. + ( * ) = 1 .

( 7 ) , + - 1 *
b .
Ou a 12+ j - a u au = 0.

,

li -
ft

. , :
,
ou = cos , = - sin <p

ft a I2 = sin<p,
a I2 = c o s 9 ,

au = cosq>, ~-a21= sln<p,


b
a I2 = sin 9, a2i == cos (p.

, :
b ,
X = X COS s in ,
(5)
' = - X sin + COS ,
. V III. 163

/ ,
' = cos + --// sm ,

()
sm cos .

(5)
:

2 x t COS sin ,

I 2= s in + c o s ;


1 , .

( ).

.
(6)
:


1 , .
;
S .

; S .
, D S
.
2) ,
.

6*
164 . V III.


' = + -\-,
' = 21 + +

.

'' = , (1)
, :
( + 12 + ,) (21 + : + ,) = ,

1* + ( 22 + 12,,) + +
+ ( + azan) - f ( 0*0,, H- ) + 1 2= . (2
(1) (2)
,
:
,
=
Oi2i + f l 2a n = 0,
^ 1^22 ^2^12 = (3)
Ol2a 21+ a u a22= >-.
== .

\
0
( ^21 ^2
:
a, = a, = 0.
: =1
(3) :
a a 21 = 0,
a 12a .,2= 0,
1 A l + a u 22= b
I . a n 0.
1222 =
o na 2t = l .
, a ,2 0, , a 12 = 0. a u = k,
=

, , , 1
- = , = y f / ,

k , 0. .
803 811] 1. 165

II. , = 0. ,, 21 = 0, = \ % 0,
22 0, , ., = 0, .
III. = 0. 1 = 0, 122, 1, , 2 0,
2 , 22= 0 , a 12= k, :

x = k y , ' = \ -

IV. , 12 = 0,
.

1.

803*. ( 2 ,3 )
, , c o s a = -^-, sin a = j t .
: + 2 3 = 0?
804. ( 1 ,3 )
45.
?
805.
.
: = ?
,806. ,
- ,
2* 4- 5^ 3 = 0 .
807. ( 3, 4)
+90 .
?
808.
, 4 + 2 1 = 0
, .
809. 2 0
(5, 1) .
.
810. ,
,
( 1 , 1 ).
8 11.
,
(1 , 2) 8: >>+20 = 0, 7: + 4_ 4 1 = 0 ,
.
166 . V III. [812

812*. : . = 0, 2 = 0,
3 = 0.
,
.
813. -
(*0, 0); - f B y -{- = 0.
1 .

2.
814. ' = 2;-|-3.-f 5,
' = 4 3 2.
0 (0 , 0), (5, 2), ( 1, 4)?
815. ' = -{- 6,
' - \ - 1.
(9, 8)?
816. = - \ - 4 12,
' ~ 4 3_-|- 6. 7 2_ 24 = 0
, ,
.
817*. (2, 1),
6 ( 3 , 0), (1, 4) ' ( 1, 6), ' ( 1, 9),
'(3, 1).
(5, 7)? ?
818*. ,
,( 1 , 0 ), 4(0, 2 ), , ( 3, 0)
(2, 3), ( 1, 4), ,( 2, 1).
819.
' = 4 -\- , ' 2x-f-4>> 7.
820.
' = + 4 8, ' = 4 - 4.
821. ' = 2 -j- -J-5,
' = 4 2.
1) ; 2) 2; + 3_-|- 5 = ,
4 2 = 0; 3) 2' 6 7 = 0 .
822. = 2 - \- 2,
' = 1 /4(1, 1). ,
,
, .
823*.
' 4 -1 , ' = 4 : + 2 4 4 .
835] 2. 167

824. ,
' by
+ tf
' -(-
.
825*. = -\- 2_,
' = 4-\->
.
826*. = 5 - \- ,
' 4-\-. ,
, .
827. ' = : ,
' = - \ - . ,
, .
828. ' = 2; 5,
' 2-\-. ,
,
.
829. ' ;-{-11 ,
' = 10: + 9_. ,
,
.
830. ,
.
831. ,
.
832. ,
,
.
833. ,
,
/1 ( 2 ,0 ) ' ( 6 ,0 ) , (0, 4)
' ( 0 , 8).
834. ,
, /1 (2, 6)
' ( 1, 4).
835. ,
''
^ / 0 5 ' = ) ,
,
168 . VIII. [ 8 3 6


.
836*. ,
-\--\- 0
.
837*. ,
+ 2 1 = 0
/ ( 1 , 2 ) ' ( 2 , 2 ) .
838. ,
- \ - \ - = 0
0 (0 , 0) S0(x0, 0).
8 39. ,
,
-\- -f- = 0.
840. ,
,
+ 5 = 0 .
841*. ,
: + - | - 1 = 0, -\- 2 = 0 ,
( 1 , 1 ) '( 2 , 1 ).
842. ,
- \ - = 0 - \ - 2-\- 2 = 0
, /0('0, 0)
6 ( 1 , 1 ).
843*. ,
-\--{- , = 0 D xx-\- -\- Fx = 0
-\- + 2 = 0 D2x-\- -\-
- f / \ = 0 , /, (:,, ) (, 2).
,
5; 6 7 = 0 ; 4^ = 0
2;-|->' 4 = 0 - ] - 1 = 0 ,
( 6, 4) (2, 1).
845. ,
' = 2 x - j - 3 y 7, y ' = 3 x - j - 5 y 9.
846.
: ' 2-\ - 5, ' + 7;
: = + 4, ' -\-2-\-.
.
847*. ,
.
855] 2. 169

848*.
' = 7 - \ - , 5-\-5.-
,

.

.
849.
' -\-, ' = -J- d, , , , d
, ,
0.
850.
' = , ' by, k
, k = 0.
.
851.
' = x - \ - k y , ' = (/
).
?
852.
' hx, ' , %
, = 0. .
?
853*.
' = { cos sin ), ' = (;5 + > ),

, .
?
.
854.
' by, ' b x -f- ,
,
?
?
855*.
* = (; 5 5) + ,>' = ( sin 08)-|~,

, , (3 ?

?
170 . VIII. [856

856. ,
:
+ + = 0;
2' + .. + 2= 0 ;
% ~\- Bty + , = 0,
.
857. ,

:
- \- - 1- = 0 ;
-(- |- D = 0;
+ ' + = 0;
A' x-\ -B' y + D = 0.
858. (1 5 , 6) ,
5jc 2 5 = 0, 2; + 5_ 2 = 0 ,
29.
859. ( 3, 5) ,
2 - \ - 3 15 = 0, 4 5_
12 = 0 .
.

3.
860. -
= 1 >
.
861. ,
- ^ + - = 1,

. .

862. + = 1
.
.
863.
+ J r =1 + ,
875] 3. 2 171

ABC , ,
.
864*. , ,
, .
865. , ,
,
, , .
866*. ,
.
867*. , ,

, , .
868*.
, .
869*. , ,
, .
870. , , M t
,
, .
.
871. , , MAIt ,
- (
),
, .
872. , , ,
,
,
.
873. , ,
,
.
874*. , - /,

, ,
41 \ (Mt
), MMt
,
.
875*. , ,, ,
,
AiiPl (/W,
172 . VIII. [8 7 6

),
.
876*. ,
( ),
2 ,
,
, .
877.
,
, AM
.
878*. . ,
,
,
,
.
879. ' ,
'
. , , ' ' , '
.
880.
, Q. -
A P-A Q .
, - = const, ,
.
881. .
882. ,
.
883. ,
,
, . , :
1 ) , ,
, ,
;
2 ) ,
, ;
3) ,
,
.
884. ,

8911 3. 2 173

, ,

,
, ,
.
885. -^ + - | = 1 1(1, )
2{, y t ). ,

/, ( ).
886. , ( 0, 0)
/
. 1 . ( \
+ . 0 Qp )
887*. ,
I"
---- 8 ^.
? , .
888. ,
'* / = 1 ,
( 1 , 0 ) ' 0 / 1 , 1 ).
889*. - ,
',
. , PQ' = P'Q, Q
, ' Q '
.
890*. , ,
,
, .
, :
1 ) , ,
, ,
;
2 ) ,
, ;
3) ,
,
.
891*. ,

174 . V III. [892

, ,
,
, ,
,
,
.
892*. ,
2 .
893*.
, = 2
.
894. 5
~ 2 /W, 1
JV ,1113. , ,
S N .
895*.
2 = 2, = 1
' = 3, {2, 2) '( 8, 4).
896*. ,

* = 2 .
897*.
* = 2,
.
898.
2 = 2 ,
.
899.
9.
X .
900*. ,

(: + |3)2 -\- 2 + 2 2 + = 0 (

901*. ,

(* + (3_)2 -f- 2 + 2 + = 0
' 2'.
911] 3. 2 175

902*. , ,
, */ ,

.
903*. ,
.
904*. ,
,
, , .
905*. ,
y kx, = 2
.
906*. ( 1, 1) = 2
,
.
907. ,
,
, .
908*.
; , ,
. ,
,
.
,
.
909. , ,
,
,
.
910*. ,
,
- , (,
) ,
,
.
911*. ,
-\-21 + + 2atx + 2azy + ' = 0 ( / , > 0,
11 < 0) .
IX

,
() ,

.
-
.
-1
, 2, ,
, 0 ,:2= ,
. ,
, kx, ,
, , , 1 .
,
, , 0, 0, 1 , 0.
, , 2,
: (,:2).

: ,, 0 . , ()
, .
0 0 2
:
a i i : a 2t* 0,2: -S 1:&2.
* ,: 2,
.- :
0*i = <z,i0ift + a,202#2,

q .v * =

q , , Q, q2
:

a nQ) 4 - (?2 0^1*


Q2lQl ~ a 2 iQ i ~ 0^2*
, ,,
:
, ( 1 :0), (0 : 1 ), ( 1 : 1 ).
. IX. 177


, ,
.

, ,
, 0 2
.
( )
( A B C D ) /1, , , D
:
1) , , , D ,

{ ) = - - = \ ^ - ,
DB ( )
2) , D, ,
( A B C D ) ,
( A B C D ') , , ,
D' , D' .
:
) D ,

(>) = 4 ^ ;

) ,

(A B C D ) = ;
DA
) ,

(ABCD) =
AD
) ,

(ABCD ) =

,
:
(\-), (&,:*>2), (Cjjc2), D ( d x:d2),

, 2 \ ai
, , dx d\ I
(ABCD)-.
, c2 d I dn j
b, b2 by b21
, , ,
0 02 , ,
178 . IX.

0 , :,
(0 10 ) = 1:.

.

. , , (2: 3).
' ,
0 ,0 ,. '
, , (2, 3).
' 0 ,0 2 ,
() 2 : 3.
' 0,0.*, (2: 3) <
0 , 0 ,.
( A B C D ) = 1, , , , D
.
, , , D , ,
, , ,
D .

,
:

* != ( * + * ).
X'i Q (aii*i + ),
(> , ,

\ ,
x\:xt ,
.
(
) ,
, ,
,
,

.
,
, .


4- b
' = ' ,

.
()
. IX. 179

,
. ,
.

.
() ,
,
.

,
.
,
,
,
.


.

,
, , , 1 ,
xv 2, 3, .
,
X1= kX, ky, x3= k - l,
:

,
,

1 , ,
, 2 ,
.
xv 2, 0 - ,
kxx, kx, 0, k , ,
.
, 2, :3,
: (:2:3).


+ 22-\-3= 0
. ,
* = 0,

0 = 0
. .
180 . I X .'


0 02, , ,
. 0 0 2, ,
, .
0 ,0 ,0 , .
0 0 ,, 0 3
:
Oj (alt:21 :a ), 02 (, 2:0, 2. 3!),
( ; 2 : 3,) (ft, :&*:&,),
,:; 2:;3,
2-1 :
qx, = au Qly l + aKQ2y 2+ a13Q3y3,
Q*2 = .,,(),//, 20: + 20//>
Q.t3 = os,Q,//, + 3 2 ( /2 + (/*.
q , 0, q q 2, q,
:

a nQ i + 1202 + a i3Q3 = 6 , Q ,
2iQi + a22Q2+ a!SQs = b.,Q,
auQi ~~02 (? = ^sQ-
, 0 0 2, 0 3,
:
, ( 1 : 0 : 0 ) , , ( 0 : 1 : 0 ) , ( 0 : 0 : 1 ) , (1 :1 :1 ).


, ,
.

, , ,
, , ,
.

I ,2, 4 &13%3 = ,
2,.* ,+ 22, + 23 3= 0,
+ 82*2 + * = 0
0 , 0 ,, 030 , 0 , 02
, bl \b2\b3
, :2: 3
:2:
:
-\-22+ _ 2 , -f- ,,* , + 233
1 anbi-i-alzb2-\-a13bs ' a2,ftj + a22b2-{- a2ibt
_ a 3xXl + a 32x2+ a33x3
3 + >2 + a 33b,
. IX. 181

q , .
:jc,::3. ,
0 3 0 ,0 ,. 1,
0 , 02 0 2, ,
:,::,,
x 1:xs = (0 ,0z,M,).
:
.3= ( 020 , 1 1),

, A f, , 0 20 3
2 12 Af , ,


. , , ( 1:1:2)
(. 23). 0' ,
0 , 0 3. '
, 0 ' , ( , ,
0 , 0 3), ( 1 , 2 ), 0 '
0 ,0 3 .
0 " \ 0 , 0 2,
'" ,
0 " ' 3, ( 1, 1), " ' 0 , 0 2
". ( 1:1:2)
0, 0 3" (
0 21" ).
182 . IX.



11+ + 3, = ,
.

. I (u l :ui :ut) ,
I , : :3.
, /, ,
.
\\3,
,*, -)- 2 -f- 33= 0 ()
,
( ::3). ()
( , :xs:x3).
,
, :
'
'3 = .
" \ \

, , :

* \ :; \
ft ff ff tf tf

* ,
2

mt (ui :ut :u s)
( ': ,: '3) :
' t 2 3
\ * = -
\ 2 ;
, :
I ut
. . . .

, (x :x":xl), 3{ : :3 )

2
ft tf
: Xl = 0.

'
. IX. 183

,
| / 2 ( ": ": "), 13( [ " :'2" :3" )

U\ 2 Ul
\ \ , = 0.


,
1(1: : ) (:\^, :

= + ",
'2 = :' + ",
xa= ax's + ",
(5 ,
.

ly(u [:u 2:us) 12( ": : ") ( ,
) :
Wj = au' + " ,
u2 = a u '-}-",
= ' + ",
II ,
.
:
, 2 ('':":"),
((ax' + fix'y): (' + (k"): (ax' -|- ")),
((' + "): ( + "): (' + '')),

, :

,


1 ( [: :,), 1 ( " - \ [ ) ,

h((; +"):(*+ 1) (] + 1))


((; + "): (' + "): + ))>
184 . IX.

, :

1 ,

0 020 3
' :
Q*! = |+ ' + , ^ ' ,
= 2[ + 2' + 23 ()
,= #1,| + *'

(jc4: : :)
0 0203, xt :xt :x t
0 0 20 3'\

,
*,= -411*1 ~ \22-f- A X3x3,
QX, = A tiXl + + ,

Q* = / U i * i -432a:2 -f- j j ATj ,

A(k ,
(a ik)- , , ,
,, 0 2, Os '
0 , 0 . 0 , , (b n :b t l :b n ),
0 2 (b X2:b . .:b i2), 0 3{ :23:) ( ,: ,: ), ()
:
, q x x = bn ,*; + 2$ + 1333,
2
qx = b 2,0 ^ ; + 22 2,*' + b23n 3x'Jt
b Q

0 * 3= bsxQxx[ + bi2Q2x2+ bi3nsx'it

q,, p2, q 3 :
^ bX2Q2-f* b , 3o 3= Xc,,
b&iQi + b22q2 + b2jQ3 = Xc.,
bnQi + bi.Qi + b ^ Q y ^ X c y

,
, ,
, .
. IX. 185

:
q.v| = anxt + 12, + 13* 3,
qx2 = a zlx , + ,, , + a 23.v3,

QX3= 31 + 32'2 + q3ixt,


::3 [: :3

13
,. ?
32

.

:
' _ + \ + Qi 3 . + .,-\-2
31--32 + 33' 31 + 3-{- '

-
.
:
( ,: ,: 3) + ' (':'2:'),
{b,:b2.b3) ' {\-. :),
(,:,:3) *-' ([: ,: '3),
D ( d l :d t :d i ) - + D '{ d \ : d z: d 3).
= , = 0 , = 0, ' = 0 , ' = 0, '= 0
, , , ' ', ' ', '\
' = , v ' = qv, w' riD
, ,
, ', ' , '.
D ', D,
, q, .
,
, ,

.
, ,
, , .
,
' ,
', ',
.
186 . IX.

Q 11*1 12*2 -j- Wls.*3, q u , = * !+ 21* 2 + 31x 3 ,

q 'u 2= (O o jA ', + 22 * 2 -j- * > Q 2 = ,2 * !+ 22* 2+ W - oX j ,

Q U = (D31A.'j -{- (1)32*2 -j- (1)33X3, Q ,= !, !+ 23*2+ W33*3>

:2: 3 , u1:ui :u i
.
,
(00,7.) .

.
:

*? + 22 \ + a3ix\ + 2alsxtx2+ 2 2*2*3 + 2a * ,* i = 0. ( 1)



*):

1 ) x * + * | + ;tj = 0 ;
2) * * + * ! ; ;
3) \ * = 0 ;
4 ) x J + * 2= 0 ;
) * = 0 .


:
,
,
.

, ,
.


.

*) ,
1 .
. IX. 187


:
1 ) ;
2 ) ;
3) ;
4) ;
5) .

, ,
, ,
.


21 ,, 1 = 0 (2 )
\

(\:\:\)
( 1 ) (:,:3),

" ,
, .
; :

(# - ai 2xt ~ ^) xt -J- (a21xl -f- 2, -f- 3) -f-


+ ( \ + \ + , = ,

F o x t + F * + = >
1 1 *3
0, 0, 0
1
( 1 ) xv ., ,
, :, .
( \ ".) N (zy\z2.z3)
,
.
:

1 + 2* 1/,+> 3= (3>

+ + , = -
m (v 1:v i : v i) n (w 1:w 2:,)
,
.
188 . IX.

(1) ( : 9
: 0
3)

(auxt + 122+ ,,*) + (1 + \ + 23. +

+ ( \ + 1+ **) 3= 0. (4)
-
, ,
,
.
,
, ,

.

, ,

.
,
1 (: : ;) ( 1), :
2F0-2F 2 = 0,

2 = \ + ,\ + 33\ + 2a i2xxx2+ 2233 + 2aiyx.xv


2F 0= e ux f + 2 + a33x3 - f 2,]\ + 2 + 2313 \ ,
= (,,* + 2 4- 13 , + ( 21 + 2 + 3) 2 +

+ (4-,,.-) 3.

(xt :x2:x3)
,
,
12 13

21 22 23 + : + 33*3 + 2 11 + 2 au xixt-\-2axaxt)>0.
., ,, ,,

,
.
,
.

.

:
\ + 2 1 + 1 + 2 -{- A u u\ + 2Atlul ui = Q. (5)
9 1 2 915] 1. 189


( 1 ), ^.^.^

= 0 (6)

(5), ,
alk

S1 32 *

2 (5),
x1:x2:xs
ux'.ut \ut

,: ::= ::.

S X S '= 0 (), S S '


,
,
S = 0 S '= 0 .
S = uv,
S ' = wt, ,
,( = 0, = 0), 2 (; = 0, = 0 ) ,
,( = 0, / = 0 ) , 4 ( = 0, t = 0), uv / = 0.

1.

912. : 0 ^ 1 : 0 ),
( 1 : 1 ) 0 2 (0 :1 ). : (2 :3 ), ( 2:3 ),
(1 : 1), >(1:4), ( 4 :1 ).
913.
0 , ( 1 :0 ) ( 1 : 1 )
, (0 :1 ) , : (1 :2 ),
( 3 :2 ), ( 1 :1 ), >(2 : 1 ), ( 2 : - 1 ).
914.
0 , ( 1 :0 ) 0 (0 : 1 )
( 1 : 1 ) ,
(1 :2 ), ( 3 :2 ), ( 1 :1), >(1:4), ( 3 : 4),
0 ( 4 : 1).
915. , , (1:0)
, ,
190 . IX. [916

0 2 (0 : 1 ),
( 1 : 1 ), : = .
#2
9 1 6 . ( 1 : 1 ) ,

, 0 2 ( 2 : 1 ).
9 1 7 . ( 1 : 1 ) ,
, 0
,' ( 2 : 3 ).
9 1 8 . ( 1 : 1 ) .
0 , 0 ?
9 1 9 . O j(l : 0 ) .
0 2 ?
9 2 0 . ( 1 : 1 ) .
,
X?
9 2 1 . , ( 4 ), 0 2 (2), ( 3 ) ,
,
,
1:
.
9 2 2 . ( 1 : 1 )
0 , ( 1 :0 ) , (0 : 1 ) .
?
9 2 3 . .

0 , ( 1 : 0 ), <?(1 )
0 2 ( 0 : 1 )
( 1 : 1 ),
.
9 2 4 .
, ( , : , ) , ( / ; , : 2) 0 2 ( 1 : ).
,
.
9 2 5 . ,
, ,

.
9 2 6 . ,
, , ,
.
938] 1. 191

9 27. ,
^ = 1+ , 2* , Q ^ = +
, .
928.
Qx = x t 2%, q;c' = :, +
: * ( 2 : 3 ) , * ( 1 :1 ) * (5 : 1 )?
929*.
, , ( 1 : 0 ) .
930.
qjc' = 4 - 2 : 2, q x ' = 4 x t + '2.
931*. ,
( : ) ( c : d ) .
932. , qx[ =
= , 5:,, :' = -f* 2 .
933. ,
( : ) ( bx:b 2)
( ': ') ( b [:b 2).
934. ,
:
1) Q*; = , QA'' = + 2 (2+ 0 );
2 ) q x [ = x x + k x x% Qx'x = x t ;

3 ) QXx= X x, Qx't = k x 2]

4) (>#, = a,xx, QXt bx2 0 , b=/=0).


935*. ,

.
9 3 6 . ( 1 : 1 )
0 , 0 ,
, ( 1 : 0 ) 0 2 ( 0 : 1 ) , X.
?
937. / 4 ( 2 : 1 ) , ( 2 : 1 ),
( 1 : 1), .
.
938. ( A B C D )
, , , D
:
1) /4 (3 :1 ), (2 :5 ), (1 :0 ), D (2 : 1 ) ;
192 . IX. [9 3 9

2) >4(1:3), {5 : - 2 ) , C ( l : - 1 ), D (2 :3 );
3) ( 1 :1), 5 (2 :3 ), (7:11), 0 ( 1 : 1).
939.
( 1 :1), 5 ( 3 : 4 )
( 2 : 1 ), .
940.
(1 :3 ), 5 ( 2 : 1 ) , { 1:4),
D( 3 : - 1 ) .
941*. : ( 1 : 2 ),
[ 1 :1), (3: 5). , (ABCD) = -^-.
D.
942.
( 1 : 1 ) 5 ( 2 : 1 )
(6 : 1 ), ( 1 : 2 ).
943.
( 2), 5 ( 3 ) , ( 1).
,, 0 2
,
D ( 5), F{ 7), 0 (4 ), ( 2), 0 (0 ) 5 ( 1 ) .

2.
944.
4 = 0, 3 = 0,
3jc-}-4 12 = 0, 5 ( 3 , 2). :
1 )
( 1 , 1 ); 2 ) 'N,
( 4 : 3 : 6); 3)
; 4)
, ( 5 : 5 : 7).
945. 0 , 0 2, 0 20 s, 0 80 ,
= 2,
. , 5 ( 1 , 1).
, .
946.
,, 0 2, ,, 5
0 , ( 1 , 1 ), 02( 1 , 1 ), 0 (0 , 0),
5 ( , - ^ - ) . ,
.
958] 2. 193

947. /1 ( 3 : 0 : 1), { 1 :3 :0 )
. 1 ) ,
; 2 )
; 3) ,
,
.
948.
,

?
949. , .
.
950.
2, 2 63 = 0, + 3= 0. : 1)
; 2 ) ,
; 3) ,
0,(1 : 0 : 0).
951. ,,
0 , 0 3, ,
(1 :2 :0 ), 5 ( 0 : 3 :1 ), ( 4 : 0 : 1 ), D ( l : 2 : 2 ) , ( 1 : 2 : 3 ) ,
0 ( 1 : 2 : 3), ( 3 : 2 : 4).
952. ,,
0, Os, ,
(1 :2 :0 ), ( 0 : 3 :1), ( 4 : 0 : 1), d ( 1 :2 :2 ), / ( 1 : 2 : 3 ) ,
g-(l : 2 : 3), h( 3 : 2 : 4).
953. ,, 0 2, 0 3,
. ?
954. (1 :2 :3 ) ,
, (1 :0 :0 ), , (0 :1 :0 ), , (0 :0 :1 )
, "(1 : 1 : 1 ) (
).
955. ( 9 : 2 :3 ) ,
0,(1 : 0 : 0 ), 0 ( 0 : 1 : 0) .
956. /1 (1 :4 : 1) ,
, ( 1 : 0 : 0 ) ( 1 : 1 : 1 ) .
957. ( 1 : 1 : 1 ) ,
,, 0 2, 0 3, .
958. . , (1 :0 :0 ), , (0 :1 :0 ),
03 (0 : 0 : 1 ) .
. ( 1 : 1 : 1 )
0 , 0 20 3.

7 . . .
194 . IX . [9 5 9

0 , ,
, 0 , .
959.
, ( 1 : 1 : 1 )
0 , 0 , 0 ,.
960*.
, ( 1 : 1 : 1 )
0 , 0 , 0 ,.
961*.
, ( 1 : 1 : 1 )
0 , 0 , 0 ,.
962. ,
(1 :2 : 1), (3 :5 : 2 ).
963. ,
( 1 : 1:2) (2 :5 :4 ).
964. , (5 :1 :3 ), ( 2 :4 : 3), (8 :6 :3 )
. ,
.
965. , (1 :1 :0 ), (2: 1:3),
(5 :2 :3 ) .
.
966. (1 :2 :3 ), ( 1 : 2 : 2 ), (3 :1 :5 ),
D (2 :0 :1 ).
CD.
967. ( 1: 1:3), (2 : 0 :1 ),
( 1 :1 :0 ), d ( \ : 1 :1). ,
, b , d.
968. ,
(3 :1 :5 ) ( 2 :0 :7 ),
7', 2 -{- 4 , = 0.
969. ,
( 1 : 0 : 1 ), ( 3 : 1 : 2 )
1-\-5 = 0.
970. 3jc, 2xt -\-5xt = 0
0 , 0 ,, 0 , 0 , 0 . 0 ,.
971. ,
(3 : 1:2) ,, ,, ,, .
972. , 0 , , 0 , , 0 , .
973. , 0 , 0 , 0 , , , -
0 3 0 , 0 , .
0 , 0 , , , .
984] 2. 195

974*. ((1 + ) : 1:1), Z?(l :(1 -f- |): 1),


(1 :1 :(1 + v)) (, =7^ 0, v 0). ,
: 1) , ,, ; 2) , 0 2, ; 3) , 0 3, ,
. 0 , 0 2 ,
0 30 2 , 0 30 , ,
. .
975. ,
,, 0 2 0 3?
976. , ,
(X:t:t).
977*. , , ,
0 , 0 2 , 0 , 0 3 , 0 , 0 ,
. , 0 , , , 0
. ?
978*. 0 , 0 3
, , 0 3, 0 , 0 ,
D, ,
0 2. , 0 20 3
, DB, 0 SD . .
979*. Q
: 1, 3, 5 ;
Q 2, 4, 6. (i )
i . , ,
( / 2) (4 5), (2 3) (5 6),
(3 4) (6 1), . .
980. ,
.
981. (1 :1 :2 ), ( 3 : 1:2),
(11: 1:10), D (3 :7 :1 0 ). ,
. (ABCD ).
982. , (0:1 : 1), &(1 :2; 1 ),
(1 :1 :0 ), d ( 4 : 9 : 5) ,
(abed).
983*. , 0 20 3, Es
0 3 0 , 0 2,
, Q 3 0 , 0 3.
Ev 3, , Q
(3).
984. (1 :2 :3 ), ( 3 :2 :4 ), ( 2 :4 :7 ).
, ,
(ABCD) 1.
7*
196 . IX . [985

985. (1 :2 :1 ), /;(3: 1:2), (5 :3 :4 ).


, ,
d, ,
, (abcd) = 1 .
986*. 0 , 0 , 0 ,
0 20 3 ,/:,
0 , 0 3, D 0.
./l, 0 ,5 , 0, 0D
(0, 0 , 5 , 0, 0D).
987*. ABC
S, . ,
Q R AS, BS CS
, , a L, , N ,
, CAQ ABR, . . (BCPL) =
(CAQM) = (ABRN) = 1. , L, , N
.
988. ,
.
989. ,
987.
990. ,
988.
991*. ,
,
.
992. ,
,
.
993.
.
994. ,
,
.
995.
(1 :2 :5 ), 5 (1 :0 :3 ), ( 1 : 2 : 1).
(ABCD) = 5. D.
996.

A { x t :x s :x3), { : \,),
((, + $ ) : { + $ y z) : { a x l + fry,)).
1003] 2. 197

(ABCD) = 'k.
D.
997. , , 0 2
,
( :2:3) ,v, ^ 0 :

,
; .
?
998.
(x1:x2:xJ)
() ( : : z),

0 , 02 0 , 0 , ( , ),

'(1 :1 :1 ).
: , + 2 23 = 0.
999.
5 ^ ^ . (
) ( x : y : z )
(1:2: 3),
,, 0 2, ,
, , , 2, S.
1000.
,, ,, , -
.
*5( 1 :2 :3 ).
'( 1 : 1 : 1 ).
1001. , (1 :2 :1 ), (3: 1 :4 ), (4 :1 :5 )
(7 :0 :9 ) .
(
), .
1002.
(1, 2), ( 1 , 2), (2, 3), D ( 3 , 4).
,, 0 2, ,
,
( 2, 0) 0 ( 5 , 3).
1003.
03(0 : 0 : 1 )
198 . IX. [1004


, 1 : 0 : 1 , 0 : 1 :1 1 : 1 : 1 ,

,
x t :::,.
1004.
,
, , (2, 3), ( 3, 1 ), 0 ,( 1 , 0),
( 2, 5), : (1 :1 :1 ), ( 2 : 5 : 1), (0 :1 : 1).
1005.
,, , ,,
: , (4 :1 :1 ), 0 2(4 :4 :1 ),
0 S(0 :4 :1 ), '( 2 : 1 : 1 ) . ,

.
1006.
,
0[, 0 2, , ' ,, , , ,.
1007.
,
: 0 [ ( 2 :1 :0 ), (3 :0 :1 ), 0 \ ( 1 :2 :4 ), ' ( 1 : 1:4).
1008.
,
,, 0 2, , '
0 2, ,, , .
1009.
,
: , (2 :1 :1 ), 0 , ( 1 :2 :3 ),
( 3 : 4 : 1),
* (1 :4 :5 ).
1010. (1 :2 :3 ),
(2 : 1 :4), ( 1 :0 :1 )
',:' :'3=
= (2, , . + ,): (, - f 4,) :(3 2 + 5:,)?
1011.

\ : : \. = [ + ): (, 4): {xv + ,)?


1020] 2. 199

1012. ( 1 : 3 : 2 ) ,
\ 1:2:5), ( 0 : 4 : 3)
'\: '2: ' = (, 2 + 3) : ( 4 , 2 , + 3* , ) : ( , 2)?
1013.

\ : ' : = ( , -|- x t + 3): , : 2?

1014.

,': : x i = ( , -f 2xt 4 x s) :(2 , 2 -f- 5 3) : (2 , 2 , + 3)?

1015. / 1 ( 1 : 2 : 3 )
( 2 : 1 : 4 )

\ : .: = (2, + ,):(, 4 + ut) : (3, + 23)?


1016. ( 1 : 2 : 4 )
/ ; ( 2 : 5 : 1)
[ : : , = ( 3 2 ) : ( 2 , , ) : ( 2 -]- ,)?

1017*.
xi:x'2:x s = ( , + 2 2 3) : ( 1 2 -j- 4 , ) : ( 3 1 -} - 2 2 3).

.


.
1018. ,
,
' ( 1: : ).
1019. ,
, 0 2,
, 0 3 ,
.
1020. ,

/1 ,( 1 , 0 ),
/12 (0 , 1 ).
.
200 . IX. (1021

1021. ,
0 , ( 1 : 0 : 0)
0 20 3
( 1: :) /' {1:2:),
0,, ,, ,
, , 0 20 ,.
1022. ,
, = 0 .
1023. ,
', = 0.
1024. ,
0 8( 0 : 0 : 1 ) , 0 , 0 ,(; = 0)
OjO. (:, = 0) .
1025*. ,
-\--\ - 2 = 0, 4 = 0 , 4 - \ -
-f. 3 = 0 ' + 3' -J- 2 = 0, ' '
-f- 4 0, '-2' 3 = 0 (0, 0) (0, 0).
1026. ,
/
, = 0, 2 0, 8= 0 ^ = 0 ,
0, 3= 0 0 0.
1027*. ,
,(0 , 1), (0, 1), ,(1 , 0), 4(2, 0)
, (0, 1), (0, 1), , [ , 0), 4( b , 0).
1028. 0 , 0 0 3
,
.
,

, .
1029.

Qx[ = , 2 -|- ,, qx' z= 2 ', + + 2 :,,
qx, = 4', 2 2 + 5:,.

,
.
1030.

, : 2: , = ( 2 [ 3' + 4 3) : (3[ + ) : ( [ + 2 ,
1037] 2. 201


.

( ).
1031.
,: : , : * (, + 2):( , 2 2 -|- 3 x s) :(2 , - 2 -f* 4 ,),
If, I Xj . X 2 Xf
= (x, 2 x 2 -I- 4 x 3) : (2x, 3 x , + 5 x ,):(2 x , x 2 + x ,).
IT,- 1 , 11,11,, 11,11,.
1032. ,
(1:0*: 1 ), ( 2 : 1 : 1 ), (3 : 1:0), (2 :5 :2 )
( 1 :0 :3 ), (1 :1 :3 ), (2 :3 :8 ), ( 3 : 0 : 4).
1033. ,
,, 0, 0 3
(2 :3 :8 ), ( 3 : 5 : 9), (^ 7 :4 :1 ), ( 1 : 1:0).
1034. ,
( 1 : 0 : 0), ( 0 : 1 : 0)
(0 : 0 : 1).
1035.
:2: = (, , + 23) : (, , + #) : (, + 2 , 4 ,).
/ 1 ( 1 : 2 : 3)
5 ( 2 : 0 : 5)?
{ 2 : 0 : 7) ( 0 : 1 : 2)?
, : , : x s ,: ,: ,.
1036. ,
,, ,, , .,,, OsO,,
0 , 02 ( 1 : 1 : 1 ).
1 0 3 7 .
,: , : 2: , =
= (, , - f x t) : (, 4, + 5 x s) : (2, , -[- ,),
,: u t:at:ua (4, , ) : (, -{- , , ) : (, + 2 -j- .).
,
( ;,
,; AV ,

2. , / *' (
) , .
202 . IX . [1038

1038. ,
(2 :1 :1 ), ( 1 :0 :1 ), (3 :2 :5 ), (7 :1 :4 )
(4 :1 :2 ), ( 3 :0 :1 ), (3 :2 :7 ), (1 1 :1 :5 ).
1039. ,
,, 0 ,, (1 :0 :1 ), ( 0 : 1 : 3),
(0 :1 :5 ), (1 :1 :2 ).
1040. ,
0 , 0 ,, 0 , 0 ,, 0 , 0 , ( 1 : 1 : 1 )
(3 :1 :2 ), (1 :2 :3 ), ( 1: 1:4), (3 :2 :9 ).
1041. 1: : = 2, :32: 5 $.
-\- 2: = 0 ,
() .

3.

1042. ,

:

1) 2\ + :,*, 5:,*, + 4 \ + 2xtx t 3 = 0;


2 ) ,24- x tx t -J- X,Xj = ,
3) 4:* + 16 : 8:,:, + 15:, 22:,:, 5:* = 0;
4) 2xj 4,, 4- 6,', 4~ 6:, 4~ 4 * ,* , 4~ 7:3 = 0;
5) 4*; 4- 4',*2 12:,, - f \ * 2:, -\- 34*, = 0.

1043*. , :*4-.* = 1,
* = 1 , '
.
1044*. ,
:

1 ) 4- = 1 1 = 1 ;
2 ) : 2 = 1 = 2;
3) ' 4-.* = 1 = ;
4) .2 =
1 = 0;
X ? 2 2
) -^2= 1
1053] 3. 203

1 0 4 5 . ,

\ \ + ,*** , + * =
, , > 0 , , , > 0 , 2, > 0 , :
Xi - X l 3 -\- x sx z = 0 .
1 0 4 6 * . ,
,
,
.
1 0 4 7 * . 2 4,
( , )
( : :)
( 1 , 0 ), ( 1 , 2 ), ( 1 , 2 ),
.
1 0 4 8 . -j-
_j-_)r = l > ( , )
( '* 3),
0 , 0 ,, 0 , 0 ,, 0 , 0 2 l - f _ y = 0 ,
1 = 0 , ' = 0 , ( 1 , 0 )?
1 0 4 9 .
2 2 5 = 0 ,
/4 ( 3 , 4 ), ( 3 , 4 ) 1
/ ( 4, 3), ' ( 4, 3 ) /'
' ' .
1 0 5 0 . ,
7 - = 1
1U U J.O
/ 1 ( 0 , 5 ) , { 10, 0 ), ( 8 , 3 )
' ( 0 , 5 ), ' ( 0 , 5 ), ' (1 0 , 0 ).
1 0 5 1 .
, ^ = 1

.
1 0 5 2 . ,
~
( 1, 2 ), ( 1 6 , 8 ), 0 ( 1 , 2)
' ( 1, 2 ), ' ( 1, 2 ), ' ( 0 , 0 ).
1 0 5 3 .
= 4 ^ + 2 5 = 0, -
204 . IX . [1054

(4, 4), 5 ( 0, 0), (4, 4)


/ (0 , 5), 5 ' (5, 0), '(0, 5)
.
1054*.
, 0 , 0 , 0 , 02
0 , 0 20 , , (1 :0 :0 ) 0 2 (0 :1 :0 ).
1055*. 0 ,0 .,0 3
.
. ,

.
1056*. , ,
, ,
,
.
1057. ,

4* + 2 = 0 0 , ( 1 , 2 ), 1 = 0
0 ( 0 , 1 ).
1058*. ,
/1(3, 0) 5 ( 0 , 5).
1059*. ,

,
;
.
1060*. : 0 ( 0 , 0), /1 ( 8 ,0 ) , 5 ( 0 , 6 ) .
,
.
1061*. : 0 ( 0 , 0 ) , /1(9, 0), 5 ( 0 , 6).
,
,

.
1062*.
,
, ,.
1063*. , ,
,
,
.
1070] 3. 205

1 0 6 4 * . ,

,

, : : )
.
1 0 6 5 * . ,
() :

,
( a ik = a ki)?
1 0 6 6 . (1 , 0 )
2 6* -{- 5* 4 6^ -{- 1 0 = 0 .
10 6 7 .
:


1) ( - 4 , 2) 4 1 -]- ' -\-2 1 = 0;
2) ( 6 , 4) 2 -\- + 6* 2^ = 0 ;
3) ( 2, 1) 42-\-3 = 0 ;
4) (7, 5) 2 -|- 2 1 6_ -(- 3 = 0 ;
5) (1, 1) 4 -1- * + 2 2 = 0.
1 0 6 8 . ,

1 0 6 9 . ,
,
,
.
1 0 7 0 . ,

.
206 . IX. [1071

1 0 7 1 . , -
X2 2 2 *
4 - ; = 1 = 1 -
~ 2 b
.
1 0 7 2 . ( , :8) 1 -\-2 2 -j-H sjes= 0

* + a tt*t + V * + 2 + + 2 ,,* ,* , = >


:

, = 1\ + ' +
qu2 = 21[ -J- 22[ + a2ix 3',
0 , = [ + 2' + a 3ix'j.

?
1 0 7 3 .
:

1 ) 3 * - |- 6 = 0 * 2-\- ~-\- 2 6j/ = 0 ;
2) 3 = 0 2** -\- * 2-\- 6_ 3 = 0;
3) = 0 4 * * + 2 6* 10^v-f- 15 = 0;
4 ) -j- 3 -}- 1 = 0 2 -}- 7 -j- 5 -j- 4 * -j- 5_ -j- 1 = 0 ;
5) ;> + 3 = 0 2? + 3 / + 3 * + 1 6 5 = 0.
1 0 7 4 . - { - 3 . - ) - 1 = 0
+ 6. + + + 2 1 = 0 .
1 0 7 5 . (2 , 1) ,
4 -|- 30 = 0
2 -}- 9. 2 1 2jc - f - 14_ 7 = 0 .
1 0 7 6 . * + 5 _ -|-18 = 0 ,
( 5, 4 )
2 6* 4 1 = 0 .
1 0 7 7 * . :
* ~2 0 2 . ,

.
1 078*. , ,
,
,
, .
1088 J 3. 207

1079*. ,
, ,
, ,
.
1080*. ,

, ,

, ,

.
1081*. 2 -\- -\-2
6^ = 0 . ( 3, 1)
. .
10S2*. ,
(5, 0),
5 ( 0 , 3), , /, ( 1 , 2 ),

1083. ,
:( 1, 1), 5 ( 1 , 1), 0 ( 0 ,0 ) ,
, ( 3, 1)
.
1084.
y = kx-\-b
v2 if
+ ^ = .
1085.
( 1 ) -|-(. 2)2 = 16
-[- * 2 5 .
1086*. ,
,

.
1087. ,
/V,
S ( 3, 0 ),
5
.
1088.
* 2 * * = 0 ,
208 . IX. [1089


,
.
1 0 8 9 . ,
, ,
,
1(1, ) -12 (, 2)
. .
1 0 9 0 . / 2 -\- 2
1 == 0 .

'2 2= \ .
1 0 9 1 . ,
S ( 1 , 0 ) -\~2 1 0, ,

.: 2
.
1 0 9 2 .
2 F = 0 , 2 = 0 . ,
-\- B y 0, ,
,
.
?
1 0 9 3 . ,
(, ),
-[- B y -{- 0 S (0, 0),

2 F = 0 .
1 0 9 4 .
2 - 2 1: -j- a 2Sy : + 2 a jX -J- 2 2 -j- = 0

,

2 = 0 .
?
1 0 9 5 . + = 0

2 F = 0 .
,

.
] 3. 209

1 0 9 6 * .
-
.
( ) -J- + 3 0
?
1 0 9 7 * . ,
, :

= ^ = 1 , 2 = 0 ( > 0 ) .
1 0 9 8 .
2 + cz2 0

' + v' y -|- w ' z = 0 ,
v" w"z = 0 ;
.
1 0 9 9 . 0 1 1-{- -\-
- } - / l 3.vs = 0 . '
0
2 0 , 2 = 0.
1 1 0 0 .
2 /? = 0
2 = 0 , 2 1/ = 0 .
1 1 0 1 * . ,
, ,
,
, .
1 1 0 2 .
( ^ 0 2, ,, )
a , j.v* -f- ^ * - f~ ^ 2 * ~ 33-Vs = 0 .
,
, ,,
.
1 1 0 3 . 2 + 1 = 1 (1 , 1).
.
,


.
210 . IX. [1104

4.

1104. ,
:
( = 0, v 0), B (v = 0, w 0),
C(w = 0, * = 0), D(t = 0, = 0).
1105. ,
( = 0, v = 0),
( 0, w = 0), C(w = 0, t 0), D ( t = 0, = 0)
5.
1108. , -
- \ - 4 = 0,
1 6 * 4 - 31 48 = 0 2 = 0, - \ - 2 = 0
.
1107. ,
(0, 3), 5 (4 , 4), ( 5, 0), 0 ( 0 , 2),
(-4 , 0).
1108*. ,
, ,
.
1109:*"'. ,
,
( ) ,
,
,
.
1110*. , ,

,
.
1111*. , ,
,
, ( )
.
112. ,
/
2F= = 0 w 0.
1113. ,

1125] 4. 211

2 = 1 ? + 2al9x y + a tif + 2 axx + 2asy-\-q=-. ,


= - \ - - \ - = 0 .
1114. ,
= , > = 0
, <ay = 0.
1115*. ,
: = 0, 0 / 1 (0, 3),
5 ( 4 , 0 ) - \ - 1 = 0 .
.
1116*. ,
,
2 /7= 0 S 0 (,v0, 0).
1117*. ,

(k ) -j- 2-\- - f
-f- 2 -f- 2 -f- = 0.
1118.
4* -|-9 36 = 0,
.
1119. S0(x0, 0)
.
1120.
, ,
-\-y xv + w 0, -\-y v + = 0.
1121. 0 ~\~w 0
I(ux: v x:?vx).
1122.
2, -f- 4 \ 5*, = 0.

:2:3.
1123.
Xs -{- -{- 2 * - 0 .
1124. + R1 0
.
1125.
, :
X2 tf2
1 ) ^ + ^i- = l v y -j- w 0;

2 ) = 1 -\-vy -\-w 0;
3) = 2 kx -\- .
212 . IX. [1126

1126.
p2iu \ -f- \ -\- = 0.
.
1127. - \ -
1 = 0 9*-j-16xr 25, = 0 .
1123.
-(- 10' + 4 3 = 0, 4 -j- 2 16: 4 = 0.
1129*.
,
13 + = 0 ,
/1,(0 , 0), 2 (2, 0), /1,(4 , 5), 4(0, 3).
. ,
+ < - 1 = 0 , 2, P 2P S,
3 4 4,, (1, 2), (5, 0),
P s ( 3 , - 1 ) , 4( - 4 , 0 ) .
1131*.
,
.^ A j ( x if ;).
1132. A t (xv ,), ( , 2), 3 (* 5),
4(-v4, ) 0;-|-0^ 4 -',== -
,
, 2 , /1,/14, AtA t
.
1133.
(:, + v y x+ w) ( -f- v y 3+ w )
X (, + v y s + w f = 0 , (x h {) ,?
1134.
+ bt ,v* -f- bJ3zv' -\-2bXiuv-{-
-f- 2b23v w -|- 2 b3Xxvu = 0.

12
1,
jl

21 22 "2S
II

an
214
a J2

a ik
.
1135. ,

! -)- b22v~ -\- b33w* -{- 2 bl2uv -f- 2bi3v w -f- 2 b3xwu 0 .
1144] 4. 213

1 1 3 6 .

~ + bZ2v2 + b33w 2 -|- 2 bx2uv + 2 b23v w -J- 2 baiwu 0 .


,

J l b)b33 > 0 ;
4 &)33< 0 ;
4 &) = , 33 = 0 .

1 1 3 7 .
.
1 1 3 8 .

bxxi r + b22v* - f b33w z -|- 2bl2u v - 1- 2 b23z w -|- 2baiwu = 0

( ,
)?
1 1 3 9 . ,
A xA 2A 3A t , / 4 ,( 0 , 0), /1 ,( 6 , 0 ), / l s (5 , 3),
4 ( 0 , 2 ).
1 1 4 0 . ,

bxxu2 -\- 22 + bZiw 2 -|- 2bX2uv + 2b23vw-\- 2b3xwu = 0.

1 1 4 1 * .
,
2 3 , / 1 ,( 4 , 0 ), /1 2 (0, 2 ),
3 ( 3 , 0 ), 4 ( 0 , 1 ).
1 1 4 2 * . ,
A B C
5 ( 2 , 1), /1 ( 0 , 0), 5 ( 5 , 0 ), ( 0 , 4 ).
1 1 4 3 * . ,
0 3 ( 0 , 0 ), / 1 ,( 6 , 0 ),
/1 3 (4 , 4 ), , ( 0 , 4 ) .
1 1 4 4 * .
S 0,
/1 5 , ( 0 , 0 ), 5 ( 0 , 1), (1, 0).
214 . IX. (1145

1145.
,

: + 2 1 -+ 2 + 2 0.
1146.
, (, (?)

-|- 2 + 2 -f- 2 - f = 0.

1147*. ,
.
1148.
, .
1149*. (. . ,
),
^ ( , 0)
2 ( , 0) bz.
1150*. ,

.
1151. ,
.
1152*.
,
.
,
1153*. ,
,
, ,
, .
1154*.
,
,
.
1155*. \
.
,
.
1158] 4. 215

1156*. ,
.
1157*. ,
. Q,
,
.
QC.
,
.
1158*. ,
,
, ,
.

, . .
, .
, .
, .
( ).
: , , , , . . . , C D . .
CD -
, CD . -
.
, ,
. - .
1, .
: | [, , | |, .
C D ,
, .

C D , .
-\- -(-<?-[-... -\-k , , , . . . , k
, :
,
b , b
. . a-\-b-\-c-j - . . . ~\-k,
.
.
&
( ):
= = (. 24);
; = -\-
-}- -\-.
,
= .
. X. 217

= , = .

^ ) = .
, 0,
, ,
,
. = , = 0.
, b = &-|-( ).
:
-|- ( -|- ) = (a-j-&) -j- (
);
+ 0 = ;
-|-( ) = 0;
b = b -|- ().

X 0 0
, , | | | |
, ,
> 0 , , X < 0. = 0
= 0, = 0.
:
1 = ,
X () (?ui) ,
{-\-) = -\-,
(X,-rf0 = + (..
0,

, ;

= [ | 0.
& b 0,

-- X, , = .

, b, ,..., k
, , , , . . . , ,
, ,
- --- -|- = 0.

.
218 . X.

, , , ,
,
.
.
, , ,
, ,
, :
-\-
,
.
, , ,
, ,
:
d = a a -f- + .
, d
a, b . . -
, .
-1,12 X, -
- , ,
M t M t :
, +>.,
1+ '
,

-
-+
2
<?,, 2, es
( ).
\, 3 ,
.
: /, j , k.
e v 2, ,
X, , Z, ,
= - Ves ~i-Ze3.
X , , Z, :

{X, , Z }.

=--{, , Z }, !>= { ', ', Z '}
,
:
= ' , = ', Z Z '.
. X. 219

= { , , } 0, = { \ , '}
:
X ' = IX , = , Z '= X Z ,

X b .
= {X, , Z}, = { ", , Z ') ,
+ = { + ', + , Z + Z '},
= { ', ', Z Z ') ,
' = { , , XZ}.

= { , , Z }, b = { X ' , ', Z '}, = { \ , Z "}


X Z
X' Z = 0.
X"
0
b 0 ,
:
ab = ab cos <.

= 0 = 0, ab = 0 .
,
a J_ b = 0 6 = 0.
:
ab = ba (),
X (a b ) = () \
(oH-ft) c = ac-\-bc (),
art = cf 0,
a a = 0 , =-- 0.

= { , , Z}, = { ', , Z '} ,

ab = X X + Z Z ', | | V -}- * - f Zf .
0, b 0,

X X ' + + ZZ
cos < y - x 4 _Y2
+ Z: '*-\~* + Z 's '
220 . X.


= { , Y , Z } - { ', , Z 'j :
X X ' -\-YY' + Z Z ' = 0

( ).
[] ( )
( , )
,
, ,
, b
, a, b, [ab]
i, j , ti
. b .
[ab\ = 0 .
:
[aft] = - [ h i ] ,
[() ] = \],
[(-\-) ] = [] + [be],
[ [&]] = b (a c )- c (a b ),
[[aw] ] = ( ) ( ),
[ab] [erf] = () (bd ) (ad) (be).


= { , Y, Z }, ~-={', , Z },

Z Z X IX
' Z' X' IX'
abc
, b , ,
,
, ;
, , ,
/, / , ft,
. , ,
,, abc = 0 .
:
abc = a [ ] = [&] ,
abc = bca - cab bac.
i, j , ft
= { , Y , Z ), = { ', ' , Z '} , = { ", Y " , Z"\,

X Y Z
abc= X' ' Z'
X' " Z'
. X. 221

1 . d ,

= , b, =
, ,

/ _ = , /_ = , /_ =
.
. 0 D ,
, a d .

O D-OA+ OB+ O C,

0D- ( -I- + )2 =
= 2 +'~- 2 -|- 20 + 20 ( + 200==
= - I f -j- 1 + 2 c o s -|- 2 be c o s + 2 c o s (i

, ,
d = ^2-{-/?* + * + 2bc co s + 2 cos fi + 2b c o s .
2. ,
= , = , =
, ,
/_ = , / = , /_ =
.
.

0/1 = , 0 = , 0 =
-
:
= { Z,}, = { , , Z t \, c = } X s, Z s\.
, V , :

X fY tZ tl , /I , z,
V = | abc | = mod X . 2.1 = 1 / \ x t Y . Z, = V r ,
Y , Z,
\Xx :, Y , z

x ]+ Y\+ z\ - r . K . + z . z . +
-I- y 2y i -I- z 2Zj x\ -i- y \+ z 2 + y 2y s + z 2z 3
X ^ + YJt't + Z'Zi X 3X ,+ Y 3Y2+Z3Z2x ;+ Y; + Z\
222 . X.

cos 1 COS cos P


be c o s = a b c l/ cos V 1 cos a =J
cos V COS cos a 1
= abc 1 -J- 2 c o s c o s c o s c o s 2 c o s 2 cos- .

3. ADCD. -
, A B C , S
S S ' = d,
A B C ,
, S ' D
---
A B C . ' =
B C D , QQ' = b A C D R R ' = c A B D .
,
a -f- b -f- -}~ d = 0.

. DA = , D B = , DC = z .
-> b
= z, z, (
), :

b = ^ [z x ],

c = \ l ]> 1 0 ) ( z )).

+ + + d= [y z ] + -1 [z x ] + ~ [ ] + ~ [{ z ) ( z ) ] =*

= [y z ] + ~ [ZX] [ ] - ~ [ ] --- [yz] [z x ] + ~ [Z Z ] = 0.


.
4. ,
, , .
. S
, , . X ,
.
1159 1170] 1. 223

1. .

1159. B D = b
ABCD.
, , C D D A ,
.
1160. L CD
ABCD. A K = k A L = l ,
k / CD.
1161. A B C AD .
A D .
1162. A BC A D , BE
CF. A D -{- -\- CF.
1163. F CD
ABCD. , E F = .
.
1164. A F q
A B CD EF .
q , CD, DE, EF,
.
1165*. , ,
, 0.
1166. , ,
,
,
.
1167. ,
, ,
0.
1168. .
1169. , = .
- ,
.
1170. A B C A D
. A D .
224 . X. [1171

--- --- >


1171. = , A D = q
' A B C D A ' ' 'D '.
, q , ,

, ' .
1172. A B C D ,
: , A D d .
, D M BC D
A Q , Q BCD.
1173. . = , ~
, , b M N , P Q R S ,
, R , , a , Q
S .
1174. A B C D (
) = , , CD = p , D A q .
EF, B D .

2. -
'1175. - r lt 2, ,
, . -
D.
----> ---- ---->
1176. - , = , ;
, 3 .
A M . -
1 .
1177. '/, (/*,), M 2 ( rz ), . . ( )
, , . -
.
1 1 7 8 . , ,

, ,
.
1179. - 15 2, ,
, - .
1180. - 1? 2, ,
, -
.
1189] 3. 225

1181.
(,), ( 2) [ . ). -:
D, ' "
, , A D ,
.
1182. - , , /
AB CD A' ' ) ' , -
.
1183. - 0/1 = ,, 0/3 = 2 =
.
-
, , ,
/1, .

3 .

1184. = { 2 , 4}, = { 3, 1}
= { 5 ,- 2 } .
1) 2 - \ - 5; 2) - \- 246 14.
1185. = {5, 3}, = {2, 0}, {4, 2}.
, , b
,
,
.
1186.
b :
1) = {4, 2}, / ; = { 3 , 5}, = { 1 ,- 7 } ;
2) {5, 4}, 3, 0}, = { 19, 8};
3 ) = { 6 ,2 } , & = { 4 ,7 } , = { 9 ,- 3 } .
1187. = {0, 8}.
, : 1)
; 2) .
1188. = { 12, 16},
6 = {12, 5}. ,
, ,
b .
1189. = { 5, 2}. ,
,
, ,

8 . . .
226 . X. [1190

, ,
,
.
1190. : = {5, 7, 2}, 6 = {3, 0, 4},
= { 6, 1, 1}. 1) 2 -\-; 2) 5 -f-
-|- 66 -] 4 .
1191. d
, :
1) = {2, 3, 1}, &= {5, 7, 0},
= { 3 , - 2 , 4}, d= {4, 12, 3};
2) = {5, - 2 , 0}, &= {0, - 3 , 4},
^ { 6, 0, 1}, d = {25, 22, 16};
3) = {3, 5, 6}, = { 2, - 7 , 1},
= { 12, 0, 6}, d = {0, 20, 18}.
1192. ,
, ,
, ,
\
1) {5, 2, 1}, = { - 1, 4, 2}, = { - \ , - 1 , 6};
2) = {6, 4, 2}, { 9, 6, 3}, = { - 3 , 6, 3}:
3) = {6, 18, 12}, = { 8, 24, 16}, = { 8, 7, 3 }.

1193. ,
, I) X, (, v, fi>, \ ,
| .
1194. {1, 5 ,3 } , {6, 4, 2},
= { 0, 5, 7}, d = { 20, 27, 35}.
, [3 , ,
\ d ,

.
1195.
= { 8, 4, 1}. ,
, .
1186. = { 3, 0, 4}
b = {5, 2, 14}. , ,
,
.
1206] 4. 227

1197. ,
1, 2, 3
, .
.

4 .

1198.
:
1)| | = 8, | | = 5, (&) = 60;
2) | | = | 6 1= 1, ( ) = \ 3 5 ;
3) a L
4) | = 3, | b 6, | | 0;
5) 1 = 3, 16 1, \ \ .
11S9. AB C 5,
6, 7.
.
1200.
, , ,
, .
1201. , ( ) ( )
.
1202. s ,
, /? = s-j-2 <7 = 5 s - At
?
1203. A B C ,
1. , , = ,
a b -|- -|- .
1204. A D , B E
CF. A D + B E -}~ CF.
1205. A B C
.
-> .
= .
1236. A B C D (
, ).
, :
1) ,
,

8*
228 . X. [1207

,
= M B ;
2)
( 2 - \ - 2 MB* - j - M D 2).
1207. A B C D
A D : D B = . CD
X.
1208. ,
A B C D
B C W b -\- ) - \ - A B C D 0.
1209*. , AB CD
,
.
1210. ,

:
1) - { 5, 2}, & = { 3, 6};
2) {6, 8}, = { 12, 9};
3) = { 3 , - 5 } , * = { 7 ,4 } .
1211. ,

:
1) = {4, 3}, = { 1, 7};
2) = {6, 8}, 6 = { 1 2 , 9};
3) = { 2, 5}, = { 3, - 7 } ;
4) {2, 6}, &= { - 3 , 9 } .
1212. = {5, 2}, = {7, 3}.
,
= 3 8 = 30.
1213. = { 3 , 2}, ~ { 5, 1},
= {0, 4}. :
1) 2 4& +5& 2 6 22;
2) 2 ( a b ) c 3 \ - ( ) .
1214.
{7, - 4 } , { - 8 , 6}.
1223] 4. 229

1215. ,

:

1) = { 3,5, 7}, = { 2, 6, 1};


2) = {3 , 0, 6}, = { 2 , 4, 0};
3) {2,5, 1}, = { 3, 2, 4}.

1216.
b ,
:

1) {8, 4, 1} 6 = {2, 2, 1};


2) = { 2 , 5, 4}, = {6, 0, 3}.

1217. : = {5, - 6 , 1}, 6 = { - 4 , 3 ,0 } ,


= {5, 8, 10}. : 1) 2 -f- 22;
2) 2 as - \ - 4 l r 52; 3) 3 a b 4 5 .
1218. : = { 3 , . 1, 2}, { 2, 7, 4},
= {1, 2, 1}. : 1 ) { a b ) c ; 2) (), 3) -\~ -\-2.
1219.
{8, 4, 1} , {2, 2, 1}.
1220. = { 1 1 , 10, 2} {4, 0, 3 }.
, ?,
1 ,
, b , ,
, , 3 .
1221. = {1, 1, 1} b { 1, 0, 0}.
, ,
60 ,
, ,
17 2,
.
1222. = {8, 4, 1}, = {2, 2, 1
. ,
, ,
,
b .
1223. = { 3 , 2, 4}, = {5, 1, 6},
= { - 3 , 0, 2 }. ,
: = 4, = , 0.
230 . X. [1224

5. ;

1224. , :

1) [( + ) ( _ ) ] ; 2 ) [ ( + *)]; 3)

1225. , [ a b f + ( a b f = a zb2.
1226. , , b , -
, [ab] [\ []
- \ - - \ ~ 0, .
1227. , [ ( 6 + )] = [( + \\)] = [].
1228. , [ab] - f [be] -|- [] = 0,
, b .
1229.
, , . , ,
,
[&] + [] + [].
1230. , [ab], [], []
, .
1231.
b ,
. , b
90 ,
, b
, 2, .
1232. []
:
1) = { 2, 3, 1), ={5, 6, 4};
2) = {5, 2, 1}, 6 = {4, 0, 6);
3) = { - 2 , 6, - 4 } , >= {3, 9, 6>.

1 2 3 3 . ,
= { 8 , 4 , 1 }, = {2 , 2 , 1}.
1 2 3 4 . = { 3 , 1, 2 }, 6 = { 2, 7, 4 },
{1, 2, 1}. : 1) abc; 2) [ [ a b ] c \ \ 3) [ [\].
1235*.
a d
1) [ab] [cd]
be b d
2) [[ab] [cd]] = ( a b d ) d (abc) b ( a c d ) a (bed);
1239) 5. 231

3) (abc) d ( dbc) a -j- ( dca ) b + ( d a b ) c;


b or a b ac
4) [ a b c ) { x y z ) = yb ; 5) ( a b c f = ba b - be
z a zb zc ca cb c~
J236. [[#&] c\ = [a [bc]]l
1237. , b .
,
, = = .
1238*. 2, 3 6 17 />,, 3
,
:
( , /;
a ibk
/l = \( 11, i~ l v; ,
,
, 2, 3 ,
, 3.
1239. {2, 1, 1 },
,, { 3, 0, 2}, 3 = {5, 1, 2}
(. ).
XI

, , ,
,
<?,, 2, 3 (. 25).
, ,
ev <?,, 3
.
.
, ,
, <?, 3 : ,
, -

, , . 2, 3
, ,
.
, <?, 3 ,
1 ,
. <?,, 2, 3
: i, j , .
. XI. 233

.
,
Oxz .
, , Oz
, Q, R (. 2 6 ).

, Q
<?2, R
es.
.V, ,
Oxyz.
, = 0, /VI
Oyz, -= 0, /VI
Ozx, // = 0 ( ).
,, , 3 :
0 (0, 0, 0), , ( 1 , 0, 0), , ( 0, 1 , 0), ( 0, 0, 1 ).
( 1 , 1, 1) .

<? , 3,
/VI -
= , *, 3.
/VI (, , ), .,
, (*, >,) (, , )

%
AIM, '

, + //, -I- , + Xz,
= + ' =~+'
, , 2 - /VI, -I,
/Vlj/VI.
+ 7 .
\+

,
:

- ^ , . - 2 ,

,
(, , z) /VI ()

= \ \ = + * + * .
234 . XI.

, ,
.
= {.v, , },
X ..
COS
V X+ + 2 V X2 + {/+
2
ccs =

cos2 a -j- cos2 -|- cos 2 = 1 .


d AI, ( ,, /,, ,) 1, ( ,
AIj (,) /, (.)
rf = 17-, , I = ( , ,)2-(-(/. |) + (, ,)2.
1,12
/. 1, (,, j/1( ,) AL (.v2, ij2, z2) :

ccs = cos = cos = -
d ' d d

, (' //,. Zj), 12 (2, //., 2), AI, ( 3, // 3), ^4 (. ,, 4)
Aii (,), (2), , (), 14 (4)
-V, ?/i *1 1
' 1
'- *3 3 1
*4 * 4 1

, 4 \
. 4
'. *

V ~ (r , -) (2 4) (3 4),

V' > 0, 141,, 1412, 1413


, V < 0 .

X , Y, Z 1,12 1(xlt //,, ,)
(.., {/,, zs) :
X 2 aj, V Z = 2a , .
,
(a,, y v ,), 1,(2, ., ,),
3 (,, /,, 3),

2, 1 |2 2, , 1 2 -V, , 1
/2 1I + 2.. 2 1 + -v2 1
23 1 | , -; 1 v3 1
. XI. 235

S = - 1 ^3 I I ^1 Z3 ', ' I , I -Vt A 'j t


2 V \y2 y z z2 z,\ ^ \ z 2 z3 x2 x,\ I .v2 x3 y z //, I

Sr=4 ^ [ 3) \ \
r , , r 2, r 3 - , , 1 3.
/ O 'x 'y'z',

0 ' [ = {,, 2, 3}, ' = { 6,, 62> 63}, 0 ' ' = {ct, , 3|, ' (dv d2, d3),
, , z Oxyz
-', ', z' ' ' ''
:

= 4 - ' -|-c,z' + d
= . + ' + c.z' - f d2,
2 = a3a-' + b3y - f ctz' + d3.
, ,

( | , \
2
\ 1
, . .
1,
0. ,, 2, ,

,, 2, , = 0 '
Oxyz; blt , 3 Pi Pi* Pj

'= 0 ' \ Oxyz; 2, 3 ,, ,, ,

3= 0 ' 3 Oxyz,
:
' = ' cos , -{- t f cos 2 + z ' cos 3 -f- d ,,
= cos -f- ' cos p , -f- 2' cos p , + dt,
z= x' cos , + t f cos 2 - f z ' cos Y , - f d3.
, ,

' = ' cos , + cos + ' cos 3,


= cos , - ' cos , - ' cos
z= ' cos , + ' cos -{- ' cos , ,

= * cos a , -f- cos p , + z cos ,,
= x cos a 2 -(- cos -f- cos , ,
' = x co s a 3 + cos p , + z cos , .
236 . XI. [1240


Oxyz. /
Oz. ,
,
Q.
Q .
:
1 ) ( )
;
2) ()
OQ (
; . . 20 21 );
3) () OQ;
0 > 0, z , < 0,
z < 0; = 0, 0 = 0.
,

0 < < -}- , 0 < < 2 , ~ < 0 < ~ .

:
= cos cos 0, = sin cos 0, z = r sin 0;
:
= - + 2+ 2,
. IJ
.OS = =.......... , S111 =
* 2 2 X 2 + *
sin 0= -------.
+ + 2

:
Q, , Q
{ ,
.

1. ;

1 2 4 0 . / 4 ( 3 , 1 , 2 ), ( 2 , 1 , 4 ),
( 3 , 2 , 1 ), D ( l , 0 , 4)
.
1 2 4 1 . ,
, .
.
1 2 4 2 . {, , z). ,
: 1 )
; 2 ) ; 3) Oz.
1255] 1. 237

1243. ( , , z). : 1)
; 2) Oyz.
1244. ( , , z)
.
1245. ,
: d x = 5; d y = 3 j / 5 ; d z = 2 ]^ 1 3 .
1246. 0 / = { 3 , 2, 6}.
1247. 60.
?
1248. , ,
45, O z
60 8.
1249. <plt (., 3, 0 5 =
= {6, 2, 9} O y z , O z x , .
1250. , ,
, {5, .
.
1251*. , ,
,, {3,, , 2, (32, .

.
1252. O M t OMit
a ,, j^, 2, (32, .
,

, O M v OMz ,
, , , Oz.
1253. ,
, , ,
( ),
,
!+ +
Q- ' 3

1254. d
:
1) (3, 5, 1), ( 7, 8, 4);
2) ( 3, 0, 4), ( - 2, - 4 , 6).
1255. ,
( 3, 1, 0) ( 2, 4, 1).
233 . XI. [1 2 5 6

1256. O x z ,
/1(1, 1, 1), ( 1, 1, 0), ( 3, 1, 1).
1257. /1(1, 2 , 3), ( 5, 2 , 3),
( 2, 5, 3), D ( l , 2, 1). ,
.
1258. ,

, .
1259.
, /1 ( 2, 1, 3),
( 0, 1, 2).
12G0. /1(3, 2, 7).
, , 15,

sin a :sin (3:sin = 3 :4 :5 .
1261. /1(2, 1, 5).
11. , ,
= 7,
, = 6.
1262. 7, ,
/1(0, 0, 12) , 7,
2 3 6
t } ~ ,

1263. ,
3 0 , ,
O x z : 60.
1264.
/1 (2, 1, 3), >(4, 0, 1), ( 10, 5, 3).
.
1265. ,
/1 (1 , 2, 4), (4, 0, 10),
( 2, 6, 8).
1266. xO z y O z .
1267. ,
Oz ,
/1(1, 1, 4), { 3, 2, 4).
1268.
, 1, 2, 3;
.
.
1278] 2. 239

1269. ,
( 1, 0, 1), 5(, 2, 3)
(4, 4, 1).
1270.
/4(3, 0, 4), 5 (1 , 2, 3), { 9, 6, 4). :
1) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) \
5) .
1271. , ,
, ,
, (2, 3, 6), (8, 4, 1)
(2, - 2 , 1).

2 .

1272. , 11 1
( 3, 2, 4) (, 0, 1), : 1) X = 2;
3
2) = -j-. .
1273. , M v ( \ , 2, 4)
2 ( 1, 4, 3), , Oxz .
.
1274. ;
(3, 5, 7)
F( 2, 4, 8).
.
1275. : ( 4, 1, 2)
5 ( 3 , 5, 16). , ,
,
O x z .
1276. ,
: (2, 1, 7) 5 ( 4 , 5, 2).
1277. :
.4 ( 3, 5, 15) 5 (0 , 0, 7),
(2, -1, 4) D ( 4, 3, 0). ,
, , .
6.1278. (8, 6, 7) 5 ( 20, 15, 10).
, -
.
240 . XI. [1 2 7 9

1279.* , ,
,
. ,
,
.
, .
1280.* ,
,
, , ?
1281.* 1 1
. , , 3,
A J (
3 , 3 , 2, 1 3
\ , , , . ,

[ ' ' '.


22 , 3

3 .

1282. /1(8, 4, 1),


( 2, - 2 , - 1 ) , (0, - 4 , 3), D ( l , 1, - 1 ) , ( 0 , 1 ,0 ).
1283. /, ,
/ ,
^ , z 1.
12S4. ,
1, 0 = + 45 = 330.
1285. ,
,
(
, ).
1286.
(3, 4, 5), (1, 1, 1), ( 6 ,0 , 8).
1287. /, ,
/ 60, 60
135 0 / = 1 .
1288. / ,
, /.
1293] 4. 241

4.
1289.
,
,
,
,
.
1290.
,
,
,
,
, ,
.
1291. O x y z O' x ' y ' z ' .

' (2, 1, 3),
\ {2, 4 , 1}, 2 {0, 4 , 4 } , [ {1, 1, 0};
1)
;
2)
;
3) e v
, , r t .
1292. , , z O x y z
, ' , z '
O' x ' y ' z '
2 ' ' z ' 1, = ' z , z = ' -|- z ' - f 1;
1) ' , ' , z , , z;
2) '
<?,, 2, ;
3) e it
2, 3 .
1293.
, , ,
,
OD, , O F , ,
. .
242 . XI. [1294

1294. e v ., 3
, , ,
, 2, 3
, ,
, .
.
1295. , , ,
, , ,, e t
, ,
,
, , ,
, 3 .
.
1296*. <?,, , e t e lt e z, 3
,
* / 0 , ;
e i c k = ^ ^ i k.
* *
,, *, 3
:, 3, x v , 3
, .
1297. Oxyz ''z
. O x y z .

x O z
Oz;
' y O z
Oz. O z '
' ' ,
, O x y z ' ' z
. ' ,
' , Oz'
O x y z .
.
1298. : O x y z
60 O x ' y ' z ' 90

.
O x y z
O x ' y ' z ' , ' -
1 3 02 ] 4. 243

, '
' 30, ,
Oz O z ' ,
.
1299. O x y z O x ' y ' z '

.
; '
x Oz ,
' y O z ; Oz'
,
.

.
1300. O x y z O x ' y ' z '

.
; Oz' Oz
, '
x O z y O z .
.
1301. O.Vjjc^Vj

.

COS ( 2) 0 ) 12, COS ( X 2O X 3) = G ),3, COS ( X j O X j) )31.

O x t .
, ,2
2 2. 2

tf

3! 33
CJ

, x v 2, ,v3
[, 2, 3 .
1302. , ,
Oz ', ' , Oz'
244 . XI. [1303

:
' / Oz'
11 2 2
15 15 3
2 14 1
15 15 3
2 1 2
3 3 3
.
1303. O x y z
O x ' y ' z ' . '

60; '
; O z ' ,
. , , z

' , ' , z ' .
1304.
O x y z O' x ' y ' z ',
0 '( 1 , 2, 3) (, '')

= arccos , ( , '') arccos ( ~ 4 ) < z>) < *

( 0 ) 0 ' ' ) = arccos ( ) , {, '') > j .


1305. O x y z
'x ' y ' z ' .
' (2, 1, 2); '' , ''
.
' ' ',
' ' O'/l;
O'z' ,
.
, , z
\ ' , z' .
1306*.
O x y z 'x ' y ' z ,
,
.
XI I



, , z, . .
-|- -\~Cz-\-D ,

, , . ,
.
.

Ax + Btf + C ? + D = ,
, ,
+ By + Cz + D > ,
, ,
-J- Cz + D < 0 .

.

,
.
, , (,, tju ,)

, {/, mlt } b { l 2, .,, 2 :
A' -1 , ,
/, , , -0
L .

( ,) ab = 0,
, - M v
:
r = r 1+ u a + i>&,
246 . XII.


+ /, + vU,
-|- , + 1'/
= z, -, - vnt.
v
/,
.
, /, ,)
Af, (2, /,, 2) = {/, , }, -
,1,, :
2 Z
2 //1 , =0,
/71

( ){ ,) = 0,
, , - 1, .
:
r = r 1+ u a + v (, ,),

, + / - v ( *,),
+ um + v (2 ,),
= , + / + ( . ,).
, ,
Alt (,, tju 2,), AI, (,, , ), (, , zz),
:
JC V3 l's
*1 'j =0,
"2 vs *

" z
*1 i/i ,
= 0,
2 " *1
*

( ,) (, , ) (, 3) = ,
,, ,. 3 - Af /2, 13.
:
= rs + (, rs) + V (/ 5),

X = * + (, .v3) + V ( X,),
= / /j + ( / / . ) + V (y t y t ),
= 3+ ( 2, 2,) + v (2 3).
. XII. II 247

, , ,
, Of/, Oz.
,
,
A tx + \ + 0,2 -j- >, = ,
2 + , -j- C,z + D , = ,

, ,
:

( \
( ^ ^ J 2

^ j 1 1

(^]1 2

,
(I ^ # , D 1 1



, . .
A t = XAit ^ , = 10,, Dy = XD2,

X 0,
A tx + Byij + , + Dy = X ( , + B,y-\-C2z + D.J,
X 0 ( , , ).


, :
= ,, = 2, ,, DyjXD9.
248 . .

,
+ + , -f D, = ,
+ .. 4- C 2z - D = ,
3-\- ~3 -\-C.z-\- D 3= 0
,

. , #0.
3 j

, ( ),
(
).

-\- -f ,z -|- D t 0, 2 + + D 2= 0
,
( -f- Bytj 4" CyZ -f- Dy) -j- P ( A zx + B 2tj -\-C2z -f- Ds) =0,
,
, . ,
.

-\- -\-CyZ-\- Dy0,
-j- // -{- C2z -f" 0
,
( -|- + CyZ + Dy) + ( + 2 + , -f- D 2) = 0 ,
, ,
,
, + ,, 5 , + , , +
. , , ,
.

, ( ),
, (
).

-f- Bytj -\-CyZ + D, 0,
-j- B2tj 4' C*z D -- 0,

4rv -|- B 3y + C 3z + D 3= 0
, ,
( + Bytj -|- CyZ -|- Dy) -[- (A2x -f- + 2 -{- D ,) ~
+ Y ( 3' B 3y-\-C3z + D,) = 0,
, , ,
, . ,
.
. XII. 249

,
,
,
,
, , z . ,

,
.

A tx -|- ,{/ -j- C,z -|- Dj = 0 ,


A tx + B*y + Cxz -I- >2 = 0,
, + 80 + , + >, = ,
-j - + .4 -I- D 4= 0


, , D,
, , . D..
= 0.
3 , .3 D,
, , 4 D4
{ , , }
,
-\- tj-\-Cz + D = 0.
,

-j- |- , D, = 0,
-j- > -}- Cxz -(- D., 0,

. + . - . ,
cos , , = = = = ^ = 7 ---- 1 - 1 - = - .
V ;--- \ + \ V \ + \ + \

-\- + = 0

,
.
d t\l0(x0, 0, z0) + -{-
+ Cz + D = 0

I -|- Cz + D |
d=
V - 2-' ~

Cz -J- D 0
250 . XI I.


,
* + 8+ ! = 1;
, ,
\, , }, -\-B y + Cz -\-D 0,
, | D |
.

a, fi, - , , Oz,
,
, :
- cos + cos + z cos = 0..
:
nr-\-D = 0,
1' , a | D |
.
:
-^ D 0,
\ , , ) , .
d /0(0) nr-\-D = Q

_ I " + D | .
|| *


-(-!> = 0,

d = \nr0+ D\.

//,r -j- D j = 0 , n2r-\-D2 0

, M(.v0, r/0, 0),


{ 1, , /} ( ),
:
= 0+ //, / -- mt, z = z0-\-nt
( ),
- // Z '
I ~
( ), :
-(- lit,
. XII. 251

0 - 0. t -
'1
- , . .
, 10, .
/VI, (:,, //,, ,) 12 (2, //,, 2),
:
A', = t ( , ',),
= )>
z z\ t (, ,);
:
i _ _ ,
2 ! z2,
:

r = r t -\-t (, ,),
, , - 1, ,.
,

= , -j- ,
//= /2+
z z2 + ,^

, :

***1 2 1 4,
/, \ ,
U , .

:
(r2 fi) ab = Q,
, , - - , ,
, ,
.
( )

= 1+ /,/, X = ., + IJ,
= 1 + ^, 2. + :*>
z = z1-j~nl t-, = , -j- n2t
:
I , = X ! z, m , = , , = 2, X 0.


:
/ + ,/1+ 11= 0.
252 . XII. II


:
ab /,/2 '|- /,/2-|- ntnz
COS 1]:
= /; + ,= + ; ] 1\+ \+',
M 0(.v0, , za)
-V= , -f- //, y = ij1-\-mi, = 2,- nt

UitJoh Zo -v0 ~
X l -
V
+ I rn
V -}- ~-{- ~
:

d=
V (^ 0) (if
Y'a2
, - 10 Af,.

.V= .v, + 1^, + !zt,


y = y i - r ht, = + tn.t,
Z Zi-rtlJ-, = +
:
x2 Xi tJi z2 2,
mod "h .
In
d=-
/, /, /, //;,
\ '
+
. 2 L L
:
\() I
d=
]~

= , -|-at, -|-bt.

I -}- + ,2 -(->, = ,
, -j- niy -(- z -(- Dn
, .
, ,
, /1, A, Bi 1
J 1 > 1
\ \ . 2 /
. XII. 253

,

A -j- ty -J- CjZ 4 >i = ,
., - 1- + C,z + D , =
, ,
- ; -
; , ,
At ,
,
, ,
, = 0 (, = 0)

, + 4 Cl2o -(- Dj = 0 ,
' -J- -f- C2z0-f- D 2= 0,
: = 0, = .
:
, ,

B, ,
C, ,
2 ,
1
/ , ,
,


, , , , ,
2 . 2 2 2
,

4 By -j- Cz -f- D = 0

X -V0+ It, y = y a-\-mt, z = z0- f nt
, ,
:

At + 4 - # 0
1 + + = 0
0-\- 0-f- Cz04*
1 + 4" = 0 ,
04 04-Cz04 -D = 0 .
254 . XII. II


= 0 + lt, y = y0+ mt, z0~\-nt
II
-j- By 4~ Cz -j- D 0

\1 + + \
Sin = ------------------------------------------ ___ - .
V 2 + - - 2 f 12 + + /

:
XI, = fan, = ,
X 0.

+ ,//-{- ,2 -j- D, 0,
+ 2 + CyZ + 1>2 0,
-j- . 4- C3z -J- D3= 0,
,
O 'y'z', O'z'x', '' ,
(0, I/0, z0) ,
', ', z' ()
, , z
:
_ -f- ,// 4~ Cyz 4~ \
,'0 0 ,20-j- D x
,_ Azx - f B y 4- C2z 4- Do
A 2xq4- B 2y04- C 2z04- D 2
, _ 3 + 3 + 3-\-
A 3x0 4- B 3y 04- C3z04- D 3
; (, ;{, ), 1,
2, 3, 4, , 0(0, 0, 0),

[0 2 3 4] [0 1 4 3] [0 1 2 41 , [0 1 3 2]
[1 2 3 4 ] [1 2 3 4] [1 2 6 4J 112~3 4J

' ~ 1 , //, , 1
xt 1 ' 2 2 1
(N

jl

Z3 1 ' *3 1
^ zx 1 A 'i z\ 1

. .,
10 1AJ^, /*.
1307 1315] 1. 255

1.
. .

1307.
, :
1) ' 2 y + 4 z 12 = 0; 6) 2 y 3 z = 0 ;
2) 52 + 4 = 0; V x + z 3 = 0;
3) 2 2 y + 3 z = 0; 8 )6 * 1= 0;
4) + 2 7 = 0; 9) _ + 4 = 0.
5) + 5^ = 0;
1308. ,
2 3 .+ 4 2 + 1 8 = 0, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
. .
1309. ,
2 - \ ~ 72 + 4 = 0 .
.
1310. ,
:
1) { 2, 3, 1), {3, 1, 4), ( 2, 1, 5);
2) (2, 0 , - 1 ) , ( - 2 , 4, 1), 13 (0, 2, - 1 ) .
.
1311. ,
AJt ( 2, 1, 1) 1 ( 3, 0, 4).
.
1312. ,
(2 , 6, 3) .
.
1313. ,
, 5 7,
( 1 , 1 , 2 ).
1314. ,
(3 , 5 , 7 )
.
1315. ,
2 + . + 6 2 18 = 0.
256 . XII. [1316

1316. ,
/1(3, 5, 1) /3(7, 7, 8)
.
1317. ,
,
3, 5 7.
1318. ,
-j- 7 z 4 = 0.
.
1319. ,
(2, 5, 1).
.
1320. ,
(3, 7, 2) {4, 1, 2}
{5, 3, 1}. .
1321. ,
{2, 1, 4}.
1322. ,
(3, 5, 1).
1323. ,
(2, 7, 3) ( 1, 1, 0).
1324. (2, 1, 0), 5 ( 1 , 3, 5),
(6, 3, 4), D ( 0, 7, 8). ,
CD.
1325. (5, 1, 3), 5 ( 1 , 6, 2),
(5, 0, 4), D ( 4, 0, 6). ,
CD.
1326. ,
(4, 5, 2) (6, 2, 4) {1, 2, 1
.
1327. ,
( 1 , 7 , 8), (2, 6, 6) Oz.
.
1328. /1(3, 5, 1),
5 ( 7 , 5, 3), (9, 1, 5), D ( 5, 3, 3).
, .
1329. ,
(2, 3, 5)
{ 5, 6, 4} {4, 2, 0}.
1330. , /1(2, 1, 3),
5 ( 2 , 4, 0), ( 3, 0, 4),
1335] 1. 257

=
. :
1) 1,
= 5, v 3",
2) v
Oz.
1331. 2 x - \ - 3 y 4 z - f-12 = 0
,
Oz,

.
1) , , z
, = 1,
v = 1.
2)
,
.
3)
5 :+ 3 . 8 = 0 .
1332.
:
1) * = 2 + 3 4 v, = 4 v , 2 = 2 -]-3 ;
2) x = u - \ - v t v , 2 = 5 + 6 4v.

1333. ,
, :
1) 2 + ^ - 4 ^ 12 = 0, ' 6 > *+ 1 = 0;
2) i y + 6 z + 9 = 0, 6* 8, 10 z + 15 = 0;
3) 2 3 z -1-5 = 0, 9' 0 9 z 5 = 0;
4) x -j- -|- z 1 = 0 , 2 x - \ ~ 2 y 2 z -}- 3 = 0;
5) 2 x ^ 3 = 0, 5 ^ 5 z 15 = 0.
1334. ,
(3, 5, 1) 2 y - ir 4 z 0.
.
1335. 2-\-
- \ - 3 y - \ - 4 z 12 = 0, ' + . 6 = 0, 2 + 5 = 0
(6, 5, 1).
.

9 . . .
258 . X I I. [1336

1336. ( 3, 3, 5),
(0| 7, - 4 ) , (6, 5, 1 ), D ( 3, - 5 , 2), (4, - 7 , 10),
7^ , 6, 1) 2 . + 4 2 5 = 0.
1337. >4(3, 5, 1 ), (2, 6 , 3).
,
2 + 6 2 1 = 0 .
1338*. A kx-\~Bky - \ - C kz - \ - D k 0, k 1 , 2, 3,
.
70(:0, _0, 2 0) ?
1339*.
/0(*0, _0, 2 0)

+ -|- Cz + D = 0, + B y -j- Cz + = 0?
.
1340.
+ B y -f- C z -)- D 0
/Lv + 5 y + 2 + = 0, +
+- B y - \ - C z F 0? .
1341*. : { 3, 5, 1 ), ( 2, 7, 4),
(1, 0, 2), >(5, 10, 10), ( 0, 0, 5).
,
, ?

2. ;

1342.
1) 2 y - \ - 3 z 0, - \ - 4 62 = 0;
2) ' + 4 2 + 5 = 0, 2 + 2 + 2 z 7 = 0.

1343. ,
5: 2^ + 5 2 1 0 = 0
4 82 + 12 = 0 45.
1344. ,

2 y - \ - \ z 3 = 0 Oxz.
1345. ,
( 1 , 3 , 5 ) ,
2 x - \ - y - \ - z 1 = 0 , - j - y - \ - 2 z 3 = 0 .
1355] 3. 259

1346. , ,
( 2, , 4) ,
.
1347. /1(3, 2, 1), 5 ( 6 , 0, 5).
,
.
1348. ,
, (1, 2, 3 )
y ~ \ - 2 z 4 = 0.
1349.
,
2 -f- -(- 6 z 12 = 0.
1350*.
3 * + _ 2 z -)-4 = 0 , 7 - \ - 2 z 0,
(1, 1, 1).
1351:i:.
0 { 0, 0> 2 0) ,

-|- 4- Ckz -(- D k 0, 1, 2?
1352*. :
1) 2 2^ 4 - 2 4 -2 = 0, 3) 8 4- 4- 2 16 = 0,
2) + y + z 5 = 0, 4) 4 -j- == 0.
,

.
1353*. , 1 \ 4 - _-(-22 = 0,
- j-4y 0, 4~2 1 = 0 ,
,
.
1354*. ~\- -\-kz-\- D 0, k = 1 , 2, 3 ,
.

? .

3. ;
;
1355.
:
1) 2 4 4- 5 2 21 = 0, 3 2 4~ 18 = 0,
6 4- y + z 30 = 0;
260 . XII. [1 3 5 6

2) ; + 2 32 = 0, ; + 6 _ 9 2 + 1 0 = 0,
2 + 4 6 2 1 = 0 ;
3) - \ - 22 + 1 = 0, 7 + 2 + 2 = ,
1 + 8 2 2 = 0;
4) 2- \ - 4 = 0, + 2 5 = 0, 8: 2^ + 2 + 7 = 0;
5) 6; + 2_ + 122 3 = 0, 5^ 72 10 = 0,
: + ^ + 6 2 + 1 2 = 0.
1356. ,

A . x + B . y + C . z + D ^ 0,
. + + + = 0,
A l x + B ] y + C9z + D t = 0:

1) ;
2) ;
3) ;
4) , . .
;
5) , .
1357. ,

2:+ 5 6 2 + 4 = 0, + 2 2 + 6 = 0.
1358. ,
( 3, 1, 0) :+2^ 2 + 4 = 0, ;
y - \ - 2 z 1 = 0 . .
1359. 6: ^ + 2 = 0,
5:+ 3 2 10 = 0 , .
1360. ,
x - \ - 2 y - \ - 3 z 4 = 0, : + 2
5 = 0 Oz .
1361. ,
2: 2 = 0, - \ - 2 +
-j- 5 = 0 7 + -4 2 3 = 0 .
1362. ,
: +3_ + 5 2 10 = 0
.
1363. , 2;+_ 32 +
+ 2 = 0 5: + 5.)' 42 + 3 = 0 ,
,
(4, 3, 1).
1371] 3. 261

1364. , + 2 z
6 = 0 2_ + 5 2 1 = 0 , ,
.
1365. + 5 + 2 =
z-j- 4 = 0 ,
4 82 + 1 2 = 0 .
1366. Oz ,
2 + 5 z 7 = 0
1367.
1) - \ - 2 + 2 + 2 = 0, 2) - \ - 1 = 0 ,
3) 2 = 0, 4) 3-V + 2 + 1 = 0 .

, ,
, ,
.
1368. , + 2 z 4 = 0,
2 + 3 2 6 = 0, 4 32 + 3 = 0 ,
,

.
1369. : 2' + 3 4 2 + 5 = 0, 2
2 + 3 = 0, - \ - 2 = 0.
,

.
1370. :
1) - \ - 2 32 6 = 0 , 2) 2 + 52 4 = 0,
3) 3 * + 2 + 1 = 0 , 4) - \ - 2 = 0.

, ,

.
1371. ,
0, Jc + _y 22 +
+ 1 = 0 , 2 + 2 4 = 0
1 ) ;
2) Oxz;
3) (2, 1, 7).
262 . . [1372

1372.
A kx-\- ,. -\-Chz-{- D k 0, /5 = 1 , 2, 3, 4,
?
? ?
1373.
-j- - f Ckz + D k = 0, 1, 2, 3, 4,
? .

4.

1374. /1(3, 5, \ ) , ( 7 , 1 ,2 ),
{ 2, 0, 4) '-2 22-)-5 = 0.
1375.
7 - \ - = 0 ,3 :+ 5 _ 424-1 = 0 .
1376s.
:-|-5^ 4 2 4 -1 = 0 , 2
5 = 0, .
1377. ,
-|- By -|- Cz -j- D = 0
d.
1373. cl
-|- 4 - Cz -|- D , = 0 -f- B y + Cz + = 0.
1379. ( 0, 0, 2), 5 ( 3 , 0, 5),
(1, 1, 0) D (4 , 1, 2). ,
D ABC.
1380. A kx ~f-B ky 4- Ckz 4- D k = 0,
1, 2, 3.
4- ^ 4- 42 + D 4 = 0.
1381. ,
29 ,
2 -2 = 0 , 6 * - 1-
4 - 7 2 4 = 0.
1382. Oz ,
(2, 3, 4) 2 -{- z 17=0.
1383. ,
jc-f - 2 - ) - 1 = 0 , y + z 5 = 0 .
1384. ,
2 - \ - 4 - |- 5 = 0 (1, 2, 0)
V 21.
1395] 4. 263

1385. 2 -|-
4 - z 8 = 0, 4 - \ - z -{-14 0 ,
2-\-"6 6 z 10 = 0 7.
1386. ,
2 3_y-f-4z 5 = 0 Oxz, ,
2 - \ - z -\- 3 0 } / 6.
1387*. ,
, 3.V 4 -|-
4 - 6z 2 = 0 Oy z .
1388. ,
{/, , } 10 ( 0, 0, z c)
d.
1389. ,
, 1, 2, 3,
(3, 5, 7) 4.
1390*. ,
' - \ - 2 - \ - 4 z 7 = 0, 2 5 + 1 = 0 ,
+ V 3 z -|- 6 = 0, ,
.
1391*. , ,
l l .v
10_ 2 z - 57 = 0.
1392. ,
(5, 2, 0) (G, 1 , - 1 )
1 (0, 5, 4) 3.
1393. -\- 28>
2 z 4- 17 = 0, Sje-J-Sjj z-j~ 1 = 0 ,
1.
1394. O x y z
Ox ' y ' z '
O'y' z': * 4 -1 = 0 ,
O'x'z' : 2 = 0,
''': - \- 2 --32 6 = 0,
II'
' ( 1 , 3, 5).
1 .
1396. O x y z
' ' ' 2 - \ - 6z-|-G = 0,
' ' ' O ' x' z' O y z
264 . X II . II [1 .3 9 6

Ox z .
, ,
2, 4, 6.
1396.
O x y z :
0 ' ' z ' \ -J- 2 -|~ 5 z -j- 1 = ,
O'x'z' : 2 - \ - 1 = 0 ,
' ' ' : -|- 2 2 1 = 0 .
, ,

,

.
1397.
O x y z
O' y' z' : x + y - \ - z 1 = 0 ,
O'x'z': 2 z - 1- 1 = 0,
''': y - z - j - 2 = 0
O ' x ' y ' z ' . ,
,
/
, ,
1, 1, 1,
.

5. .

1398. M xAIt
:
1) * 1 ,(2 , 3, 1), 1 (4 , 6, 9);
2 ) , (7 , 1, 2), M . J 5, 1 , 4);
3 ) ( 1, 5, 1), (1, - 5 , 1 ).
.
1399.
1) 2 -j- 4 z 0, 3 x 2 y + 5 z = 0;
2) x - \ - y z - \ - 5 = 0, 2 -j- 2 z 2 = 0.
.
1406] 5. 265

1400.
, :
1) * = 3 + 5 /, 7 42?, 2 = 6 + /;
2) = 1 + t , = 1 t , 2 = 5 /.
1401. ,
:
1) (3, 0, 1), (0, 2, 4), ( - 3 , 4, 7);
2) (1, 2, 3), (10, 8, 4), (3, 0, 2);
3) (2, 6, 4), (5, 7, 1), (5, 7, 1).
1402. , (5, 8, 15),
(_ 1 , _ 1 , _ 3 ) , (5, 7, 1), d ( o , + ) , ( 0 , 0 , 1) -

* = 1 + 2 /, = 2 -f- 3^, 2 = 3 + 6 /.
1403. :
1) (3, 5, 1)
X 2 + 4 /, = 3 /, z = 31
2) ( 0 , 5 ,4 )
* + 2 + 6 = 0, 2 = 5.
1404.
:
1) 5 + 8j/ 32 + 9 = 0, 2 4j/ + 2 1 = 0 ;
\ 3 _ 4_ 2 6
' - 5 ~ 6 8
1405.
:
1) 6 * + 2 2 9 = 0, 3 * + 2 ^ + 2 2 12 = 0;
2) * = 6 + 2 / , , = 2 + 4 /, 2 = 5 /.
1405.
(0, y lt 2 ,) (* ., 0, 2,).

.

,
, , ;
2GG . x ii. (1407

, ,
; ,
.
1407. 1) * = 1 + 2 / , '= 7 + /, 2 = 3 + 4/
* = 6 + 3 /, 1 2 /, 2 = 2 + /;
2) 1 + 2/, = 2 2 /, 2= /
* = 2/, = 5 + 3 /, 2=4;
3) - 2 + 4 /, = 6 /, 2 = - 1 8/
= 7 6 /, _ = 2 + 9 / , = 1 2 /;
4) * = 1 + 9 / , = 2 + 6 /, 2 = 3 + 3/
* = 7 + 6 /, = 6 + 4/, 2= 5+ 2/.
1408. 1) * + 2 1 = 0, 3 + 2 + 13 = 0,

* 2>/ + 3 = 0 >>+ 2 2 8 = 0;
2) 2 * + = 0, *' + 2 8 = 0,

2 4 = 0 2 * + 3 2 7 = 0;
3) * + + 2 1 = 0 , + 42 = 0,

2* + 3 _ + 2 6 = 0 3 * + 4 _ + 72 = 0;
4) + 22 6 = 0, 4 1 * 19^ + 522 68 = 0,

* 2_ + 5 2 1 = 0 3 3 * + 4 5 2 63 = 0.
1409. 1) * = 9/, . = 5 /, 2 = 3 + /
/ 2 * 3_ 32 9 = 0,
1 * 2_ + 2 + 3 = 0 ;
2) * = / , = 8 4/, 2 = 3 3/
f * + j / 2 = 0,
\ 2 * _ + 2 2 = 0;
3) * = 3+ / ,= 1 + 2/, 2 = 4
( * 3;; + 2 = 0,
1 * 4 - ^ 2 + 4 = 0;
4) * = 2 + 3 /, > = 1, 2 = 4 /

f 2 ^ -2 + 2 = 0,
1 * 7+ 3 2 17 = 0.
1410.
^ + ^ -\-Clz - \ - D 1 = 0, + - \ - - \ - = 0
416 1 5. 267

A t x + Bt y + C tz + D t = Q , /14*4- 4- Cxz -|- D x 0


?

,
,
;
.
1411.

12 9 1
) 3 * 4- 2 - 0;
4 3 ~ 1
-|- 1 _ // 3 _
2) 2 4 ~ 3
' 4- 2 z 5 = 0;
13 1 4
3) * 4 - 2 ;/ 4 * 4 - 1 = 0 ;
5 2 ~ ~~
-V- 7 //-4 5
4) - - \ - 2 z 5 0.
4
1412.

1) 3 * 4 - l z 4 -1 6 = 0,
5.V 2 4 = 0;
2 - \ - z 6 = 0,
2 ) 2-\--\- 6 2 1 0 - 0 ,
4 2 4 -1 7 = 0 ;
4- 4- z -{- 5 0,
3) * 4- 2 4- 3 2 4- 8 = 0,
2 4. 24 = 0.
5 4 - 4- 2 16 = 0,

1413. 2 /, _ = 1 t,
z = 3 t -j- -j- 2 10 = 0.
.
1414. ,
3 2 2 = 0 = \ t , t , 2 = 4 /
* = * 2 t, 1 4- 2t, 2 = 1 . .
1415. ,
(3, 1, 4),
4- 22 = 0. .
1416*. ,
4 - 2 = 0, - \ - 2 4 4 = 0
* = * 3 4 - / , 1 4- 2 1, 2 = 4/ 2 -(- 3 /, = 1v
2 = 4 t. .
268 . XII. II [1417

1417*. ,
x t, 1 /,
2 = 3 + / *= 2 + 2 /, = 3 / , 2 = 4 + 3 / .
.
1418. ,
(2, 3, 1) + . = 0 , * +
4 - 2 + 4 = 0 '+3_ 1 = 0, -\- z 2 0.
.
1419*.
0-\- It, y Q-\- nit , z z 0 -Y n t
, ( , y k, z h), \ , 2, 3.
.
1420. ,
3 2 /, 1 + / , z t.
.
1421. ,
( 3, 1, 0) .v + 2 2 + 4 = 0,
y + 2z 1=0.
1422. ,
* = 2 + 3 /, V = 1 + 6 / , 2 = 4 /
= 1 + 2 / , 3 t , 2 = /.
11423. ,
( 2 , 3 , 0) ; = 1, = 2 + /, 2 = 2 /.
1424. ,

x + 4 y 2 z + 7 = 0, + 7 22 = 0.

.
1426*.
.v = .v0 + //, = 0~ mt, z z Q- \ - n t
A kx - \ - B ky - \ - C kz - \ - D , , ~ 0,
\ , 2, ,
?
1426*. , , v = l + 2 / , y = 2t,
z = t '= 1 1 + 8 /, _ = 6 + 4 /, 2 = 2 + / ,
.
1427*. 2 = = 22
, ,
v = 0
- \ - = 0.
1439] 6. 259

6. ; ;
;

1428.
1 // 5 z -J-2 ' ) 7 + 3
4 3 12 12 9 20 *
1429. ,
( 1 , 5, 3)
, 60, 45 120.
1430. ,
1 y-\-2__z 5 3 _ z - fl
3~ " ~ 2 2 ~ ~ 9 ~ ~ 6~ '
1431. ,
( 3, 1, 0), { 0, 7, 3),
{ 2, 1 , - 1 ) , 0 ( 3 , 2, 6).
1432.
5* 6 -j- 22 + 21 = 0 , 2 + 3 = 0.
1433. :
* 22 = 0 , 4 + 62 2 = 0, \
2 - { - 22 = 0 j 32 + 2 = 0 . j
1434.
1) = 3 + /, = 7 2 /, 2 = 4 + 3/;
* = 2 + 5/, j/ = l /, 2 = 1;
2) + 2 + 1 = 0 , \ + 1 = 0, \
y - \ - z Q J 11 2 ~ \ - 2 5 z + l = 0 . j
.1435. * = 5 + 6 /, = 1 3/,
z = 2 - \ - t 7 + 2_ 32 + 5 = 0.
1436. + 2 = 0, 2* 3_+
+ 2 = 0 + 5_ 42 + 2 = 0.
1437. 2 * + 2 +
+ 4 = 0, - \ ~ = 0 Oxz.
1438. = 3 + 5/,
= 1 + /, 2 = 4 + / 2 * 2 + 32 5 = 0.
1439. ,
0 (*0, 0, 20) - \ - B y + C z - \ - D = 0.
270 . XII. [1440

1440. (3, 2, 4)
5 -|- 3^ l z -f- 1 = 0.
1441. (1, 2, 3)
6 -|- 3 z 41 = 0.
1442. , (2, 7, 1)
4 - \- z- j- 7 = 0.
1443. ,
Oxz = / ,
4 -)-/, 2 = 3 / = 1 2/, 3 --/, z 4 5/.
1444. , -
.. -}- 2 3 z 1
= .
1445. , (4, 3, 10)
= 1 - } - 2 / , _ = 2 -{-4 /, 2 = 3 -1-5/.
1446. , / (0, 1, 1) ,
- \ - 1 = 0 , * - 1- 2 2 7 = 0
1 = 0 , z - \ - 1 = 0 .
1447. ,
* = 3 -1-4/, 1 /, 2 = 2 5 / .
1448. ,
(3, 2, 1) .
1449. ,
( 1, 0, 4) 1 4- /, 2 /, 2 = 4 /.
J450.
- \ - 2 1 = 0 _ = 1, 2 [1 = 0 ,
.

7. .

1451. (1, 3, 5) ,
2*-] - y - \ - z 1 = 0 ,
3 * 4 - .4- 22 3 = 0.
1452. (1, 2, 5)
:
1) /, 1 2/, 2 = 3 4~ t >
2) * 4 - 2 -1- 2 = 0, 4* 3 2 -[-3 = 0.
1453. ,
-J- 4 2 12 = 0
1465] 8. 271

, ,
Oz.
1454.
:
1) * = 3 -f- 1, = 1 t , 2 = 2 + 2/
x = t, >/ = 2 + 3 /, 2 = 3/;
2) - \ 2 + 1 = 0 , -\- = 0 2 y - j - 3 z 6 = 0,
2 + 32 6 = 0;
3) + 2 2 + 1 = 0 , 2 + 2 4 = 0
x - \ - y - \ - z 9 = 0, 2 2 = 0.
1455.

2 / / +1 z 7 tj 1 z 3
~ 3 ~ ~ ~~ ~~2 " " ~ ~ ~ ~ ~2 ~ *

1456.
,
1.

8.

1457. ,
1{ 1) = 0 + /.
1458. ,
, (,) r = r 0 -j~at.
1459. ,
/0(0)
r n l = D t> rn D t .
1460. = 0 + /
r n = D.
1461. r = r 0 - \ - at
= , + + c v .
1462. ,
/0 (0) = r k -\- a kt y
= 1 , 2.
1463. ,
r n = D = 0+ / .
146-1. /0 (0) = , + at .
1465. 0{ 0)
r ~ r x- \ - a t .
272 . . [1466

1466. 0 (0) r n D .
1467. 0 { 0)
r n D .
1468. 0 ( 0)
= + -|- v b .
1469. /0 (0)
= r x + -f- b v.
1470.
r n k = D k, k \ , 2, 3, 4,
?
1471. r n k = D k,
/ = 1 , 2, ,
3= D t .
1472. r n h D k,
k \ , 2, 3.
1473. [ ] ( 0,
1 = 0) .
1474. [ ] ( 0,
0) r n D .
1475. r = r ^ - \ - a t ,
r n D cl.
1476. - 0 ~\-( r n D .
: 1)
? 2) ? 3) ? 4)
?
1477. r k -\- a kt, k 1, 2.
: 1) ?
2) ? 3) ? 4) ? 5)
?
1478. = 0 -f- a t ,
r n D.
1479. r 0 - \ - at , -
= , -|- -J- v b .
1480. r r 0 - \ - a t ,
= -\- bt.
1481. [ \ = . [ 0, 0)
, r n D.
1482. ,
'/0(0) [ \ = .
1483. ,
-\- a kt, / = 1, 2.
1500] 8. 273

1484. ,
[] = 1 , / = 1, 2.
1485. r n k D k, k 1, 2,
[ ] = ! .
1486. ,
'70 (0) -' at .
1487. ,
0 ( 0) r n k D k, k = \ , 2.
1488. ,
10 ( ) [ ) ( 0, = 0).
1489. 0 ( 0)
r t t k D k, k = \ , 2.
1490.
r n k D k, k \ , 2, 3 ,
?
1491.
r n k = D lo / = 1 , 2, 3, ?
1492.
r n k D k, 1, 2, 3,
?
1493.
r t i k = D k, 1, 2, 3 , 4, ?
1494. r n k = D k, 1, 2,
, 3
1495. 40 (0) r n k D k,
= 1, 2.
1496. , (,) [] =
( 0 , = 0).
1497. ( r k), = 1, 2, 3.
r 0-\- a t
?
1498. r r 0 - \ - a t
, ( ), 1, 2, 3.
1499. D k, 1, 2.
: 1) ?
2) ? 3) ?
1500.
r n = D [] = ( 0, 0): ^
? 2) ? 3) ? 4)
?
X III


:
I. z f(x , ).
II. F (, , ) = F (r) = 0.
I I I . ~ (, v), y = j ( u , v), z = z(u, v), . e.
, -
, , ,
v.

Af . ,
v, : Af (, v).

= ( , V), {, v), z z(u, v)
:
= ( , I').
- .
,
, :
F {x , //) = ,
(, ) 0
.

, * .

:
I.
/ (, , )=* , (, , ) = 0

() = 0 , () = 0
, .
II.
a: x {t), = (1). = (0 .
. XI I I . 275

. . ,
, ., //, z
/.
.
,
/, (/).
.v = a-(/), = ( ( ) , z = z (t )
:
(/),
- .

= ( , v ), = ( , v), = (, v)

r~ r (u , V)

o = C = consf,
= ( , ), = ( , ), z = z (u , )

= ( , ),
*
v const.
, M= C = const,

= ( , t>), = ( , v), z = z (C , v)

r = r ( C , v),
= const.
const v = const
, .
, F (, ;/, ) 0,
F (, , ) , .
F (, tj, z)
(, I/, z) /, ) ( :, ),
, F ix , , z) = 0
:
(-, , z) = 0, |' (, , ) = 0.
1.
-2 -}- i f + *
,

, (, , ) ,
, :
.v2 -}- 2 + 2 > ,
(, , ), :
2 "-\-2 < 2.
276 . XIII.

2.
X*-\-- =

, ,
,
. , (, , )
; ' (, , 0)
;
, xi -\-tf .
(, , ) , (, , 0)
, * 2 > .
, /VI (, , z) ,
(, , 0)
, * + /* < 2. ,
* ~2 2 ,
,
.
,
* + </ =
.
3 . ,
( , ) = 0
- ,
,
,
.
3.
Xs + 2 22 0, k 0,
,
,
, , tg = &.
, (, , )
; Q
' (, , 0) (, , )
, . .
MQ = '0 = V~x- + tf,
, MQ OQ t g . OQ = | zj , ,
2+ tf | 2 1 tg ,

Xs + /* 2 tg 2 = 0.
, (, , )
,
V 2+ t f = | | tg ,
. . 277

. V J 2 -| -if
tgfp - ~ -

MQ
S'P= OQ '
, AI ,
Oz , . .
1 .
3 .

F ( X , ) = 0.
,
, :
(, \ yz jr 2) = 0,
, , z Oxyz,
, .
4. 2 + 2 2.

.
:

jc*+ ( = 2,

x2-\-y2-\-z2= r 2.
5.
= .

, ,
. .
, , :
V 2+ * ,

~ -j- 2 = 12.
<
| | = lg .
6.
2 - )2= *
(, ), .
,
',
Xs + ( V* + *2 b)2 =
278 . .

* 2 + L - 2 + '~ 2 = 2 V - -|- 3,

(.v2 + - - 4 + b2 !) = 1 (! - ).
6 > > 0, .

.
7 . ,
(. a)~-\-z~ = bz, y = Q Oz. [, , z)
.
, /.
/VIQ , Q QP
. OQ
, v COz.

= OP = OQ cos ( + CQ) cos ( -\- b cos v ) cos ,


tj P Q <=OQ sin = ( + C Q ) sin (a -J-fr cos v ) sin u,
= M Q = M sin v b sin u.

= ( -f- b cos v) cos u,
y = (a -\~b cos v ) sin ,
z ~ b sin v.
:
ss7 , < 2 , v < 2.
8.
,
,
,
,
V.
,
.

, , ,
, ,
, .
'10 (, 0, 0) .
t 1 , /,
Oz vt.
, t :
= COSd)t, sin Ult, z = vt.

;
.
1501 1509] . xm . 279



,
.
; ,
,
, ;
.
,
.

1501. z' 2?

?
1502*. ,
S ( a , , ),
, |3, ,
.
1503. ;
. ,
,
Oz .
1504*.
,
,
.
1505*. ,
, ,
.
1506. ,
(0, 4, 1)
= 6, ,
5 ( 8 , 0 , 0 ).
1507. ,
yOz,
1 .
1508. b ( > )
, Oz ,
.
, (
).
1509. b ( > )
, Oz ,
280 . . [1510

.
, (
).
1510. b
, Oz ,
.
,
( ).
1511. b
, Oz.
.
, (-
).
1512.
, Oz.
. ,
( ).
1513*. Oxz 2pz, 0.

q,
Oy z , Oz.
, .
1514*. Oz
. Oz
; Oz

. ,
(
).
1515*.
, (, 0, z 0)
, , .
1516*.
. Oz
, .

, ,
,
, Oxz.
,
.
1526] . . 281

1517. j = / ( . v ) .
.
1518*;
Oz , x = f [ z ), y = g ( z ),
1519*.
cos cos v, sin cos v, z = sin v y
,
-{-* 0 ( ).
1520*.
: = cos v , = sin v ,
z=f{u).
1521.
Oz
, .
1522.
, x = chz, 0,
Oz .
1523*.
:
,v = cos , si nv, z=v.
v?
1524.
:
cos , y = u s \ n v t z = u.
v ?
1525. ,
Oxz ,
Oz , Oz
>; ,
,
V .
( ),
.
1526. ,
,
.
(
) (
). ,
282 . . [1527


x 2- \ - z 2 2 ' = 0 , =

2 z 2 2 = 0 , ,

.
1527. (. 1526),
z = 0,
:

+ ? = >.

JT_ , jr_ _ j ______


* ' b2
1528. ,
,
.
/,
,
( ,
'1, ).
,
: = 0,
Oxz
,

1529. ,
z 0,
= , 0 2 2 pz, ' = 0.
1530*.
= 2 , z

2 = 2 , = 0 .
,
z 0.
, .
1539} . xm . 283

1531. ,
,
, Oz
x y z \ 3-\-~ = [).
1532.
R,
.
1533.
,
, .
1534.
, = () .
1535. ,

^ ( ) .
1536.
1( 0), = () .
1537. /0( 0)
.
*=*(). ,
.
1538. 1 ( ) ()
() .
(
).
1539*. / ,(,), Aft (r 2), ,( ,)
, . , 3
.
, .
XI V

. . .
.

. (, , )
(. 27) :
( a f + ( ) + (z )1 --= 2.


. ,
:


2 -h A t f + Az~ 4- 2 - 2 + 2Dz + =

0, -I- 2 + D 2 >

' 4 - D 2 AE
=
~


d-
d = M C /VI .
/VI ,
,
, . /VI
,
, M P - M Q
PQ ,
.
,
. (, , z )
(, , )
. XIV. . , 285

= ( - ) * + ( - - + (2 c f *.
,
,
,
. ,
.

( ' + ( b xf + ( ,)2 \ = ,
(- ci2f + { b2f + ( z 2 \ =


Xlu 1 - |- L.M, = 0, X, %.
, , ,

,
. , ,

.
h i + ( = 0,
= 0 , = 0
,
X 0 (
0, 0);

v
= 0 (, ,
).

.
L -
, 5 ,
; , S
L,
; S ii ,
, 5 ,
.
( ),
L , ,
6' L,
.
:

= 0.
bs
L
, ,
, L
286 . xiv. < : . ,

, -
; L ,
, L
, .
L ,
; L
, -
, , L
, .

. 28.

,
, ( . 28),
:


,
( ).
.
(. 29) :

, , .
, , ,
. = > ,
. > ,
.

,
. XIV. , , 287

( )
().
{, 0. 0), 2 ( , 0, 0), , (0, , 0), (0, , 0),
, (0, 0, ), (0, 0, )
.

.

. 29.

a2 *
('0, 0, ) :
, UnU
: ._|_ = 1
- ^ 2
,
, ,
. = {/, , \ ,
,
:
4
- + '-^ + ~3= .
,
, ,
. - ] ~ - \ - C z - \ - D
, :
x = a rA t, 0 (, z = c-Ct.

.
288 . X IV. . ,

> 6> ,
2 b'x a Y b 2 c2z + 2 2= ,
1?v | < 1 ;

( X 1 +1).

,
, ,
( ):

/$ = !)
.
(. 30) :
+ _ = _ ,
2 f b2 2
.

(. 31) :

2 + 2 2
.
. XIV. . , 289

= , -
.
,
,
( )
().
Oz, . .
, (0, 0, ) . (, 0, ) .
b , (, 0, 0), 2( , 0, 0), (0, , 0),
(0, , 0)
.

. _ 4 = 0
1 2

V2 1 22
\~
+ 4 -~ ~= 1 .

(0, 0, z0)

2 ^ 2 2
,
, ,
.
a ~ {l, tn, } ,
,
:
]_ , 'HI '11 =
2 ' 2
,
.
,
, ,
. Ax + By-\-Cz-{-D 0
,
:
x = a2At, y = b2Bt, 2 = c~Ct.

( ),
,
, (
) .

.

10 . . .
290 . XIV. . ,


' b: y b -{-*1/ -\-<? = 0
X,
| |> 1 .

* + c*zcb -\-* = 0

:


b:y b : -\-czz -f D = 0,
D , D = 0.

, .

:

( 4 + i) - ( '+ f ) - 1
(7 - ) ( ' - ) I
(& )- > ) \
( - )- ('+ )' I
.

,
.

,
.
.
(. 32) :
, X IV. . , 291

> 0 , q > 0 p ^ q . p = q ,
.

(. 33)

> 0, q > 0 . .
,
. Oxz Oyz ,
, Oz ( );

(0, 0, 0)
.
.

('. * 2)
, , .
+ = Z + 2
q


.
,
. , ,
.
292 . XIV. . ,

{ /. , \ ,
, ^
:
1 ,
------J =n


1
~ ~
.

, (Oz),
(Oz).


+ JL ^o-
Vt V I

(Oz).
,
, ,
. + -j-Cz + D = 0
,
:
Bq


Bq
= ' lJ c
.

( ),
, (Oz) .

, :
Y p qy + Y~qz + D Y~p = 0,
D ,
.
2 '
D <^ -q.

V Y 2 -\-- ^ - ~
1542] 1. 293

(, V q ( P q),

.

,
.

1.
1540.
:
1) + + z* \ 2 + 4 62 = 0;
2) * ~\~ z 2 8 = 0;
3) *+ 2+ z * - 2 x - \ - 4 6 2 22 = 0;
4) x 2 -\-y2-\-z 2 6 z 7 = 0 .

1541. -
II

+ 2 4- z 2 1 2 4- 4 6z - f 24 = 0, 2 4- 2 4- z 4- 1 = 0.
1542.
X' y z + z 2 R 2, 4- By 4- Cz 4- D = 0.
294 . xiv. , , [1543

1543. (3 , 0, 4),
( 3 , 5, 0), ( 3, 4, 4), 0 ( 5 , 4, 6)
( - \ ) + ( - |-2 ) - ( 2 - 1 )" = 49.
1544.
\ ) ' 2x + t y + z + 2 = 0,
2) 2-\- 2y- \- z-\ - 5 = 0,
3) 2 - 2 j 4 - 2 - 1 =
(* 1)! ~. 2 )2 -{-(z 4)s 2 5 = 0 .
1545.
( )2 -\-{ b f -\-(z c)s = R 2, =
= * 0-1 - f t. .=. + *. 2= 20-^.
1546.
( 1 )* + ( 4)*-{-(2-f-1)* = 25, (3, 5, 1)
.
1547. .
-\- -\-* R s 0,
'-*(*'0* ' ^)'
1548.
:* -\- -|- z 2 = R 2, ( R, , 0).
1549. Al 0 (,v0, 0, z 0)
( )2 -\-( b )* -\-(z ) = R2.
.
1550.
, S(x0, 0, z 0)
-|- * -\-z 2 R*.
1551.
( l ) * - l - 0 H ' 3 ) 4 - ( z 2)* = 49 7, 1 ,5 ).
1552.
(. )* -|-(> )*-b (* )* = /?* 0 {0, 0, z 0).
1553.
* + * + Z* = R* ( , 0, z 0).
1554*. ,
* = 9, z = 0 2 -\- = 2, z 2.
1555*. ,
( * - j - 1 )*+ (^ 2)* (z -(-2)* = 49, 2-{-2 z -\-
-{ -4 = 0 .
1556. ,
(-f 1 )*~( 2) 2 -j~(z 2)* = 49, 2: -f- z -f-
-{ -4 = 0 (1, 2, 0).
1565] 1. 295

1557.
(Sj)
( ^ ) . ,
,
S,
S2.
1558*.
-j- By -f- Cz -)- D = 0 x 2 -f- 2 -|-
-{- z 2 R2. ,
.
1559*. , ,
2 + ~z 2' - 6_ 2 z 5 0, 2 -
_ 22 4 - 1 = 0 2 x - \ - 2 y - \ - z 7 = 0.
1560. - ,
4~-11 0, 2 = 0
~\~ + z 5 0.
1561.
, * + 2 -J- 2 * R 2
A tx -\- Bty + D t 0 , 2 - \- 2 - \ -
C2z -|- D 2 = 0;
1562.
, /1(3, 2, 2)
, -J- 2 + z x 1
,
2x~\-2y+Z 1 = 0 .
1563.
,
( 1 ) (_ 2 )2 -\ -( z - \ - \ ) 2 9 0
,
x - h y + z 2 = 0.
1564*. ,
2 -j- 2 -\-z 2 R 2 = 0,
, / (, , z)
/VI' ( ', ' , z '),
, . '
.-' = R 2.
..
1565*. ,
.X 4 - 2 -\- 2 * 2 a x 2 b y 2 cz = 0
(. 1564) 2 -\~2 + z 2 = R 2.
296 . x iv . , , [1566

1566*. ,
+ By Cz -)- D = 0
(. 1564) 2 *- \-z* R 1.
1567.
8 -I- -\- * R 2 ,
, ,
( 0, 0, z 0).
1568.
X -j- z 2 2 = 0 + -\- 2 + 4 5. 0.
1569. ,
( 1 , 1 , 1), ,
( 2 ) -\ -( 5 ) * - j - z * = l, ( 4)* +
+ 3 )* -|-(2 6)* 2 .
1570. , ,
, (
).
1571. ,
, , (
).
1572.
( ) -\~{ b f - \ - ( z )2 R 2
= + , y = y 9+ mt, z z 0-\- ntl
1573*.
, = , -{- V *
^ + r nJ , z = z t + n j = .-,4 -lt t> = + 1 *
z z t Ar n j , 1\ + \ + * = 1, \ \ .
1574. , ,
,
.
1575. , , ,
,
.
1576. ,
:
1) ?
2) ?
3) ?
4) ?
5) ?
6) ?
1586] 1. 297

7) ?
8) ?
9) ?
1577. r n D ( r 0): R*.

:
1) ?
2) ?
3) ?
1578. ,
.
1579*. , 4- By - f Cz - f D 0
( x )2 4 (. ) -\~( cY R*.
(0, 0, z 0)
,
?
1580. x x l + lt, = y t -\-mt, z = z x~\-tit
, (" )*4-(. b)z-\-
+ (z ) = .
1581.
-\-It, y x-\-mt, z z y-\-nt ( -)*4-
4* { b)tJr ( z ) R 3: 1) ? 2)
?
1582. ,
( )2 + (. b)%- \ - ( z ): R*
Ax + By + Cz + D = 0.
1583*. ,
:
x' + y* + z ' = 9,
( + 5)* 4- ( - 1 )2 4- (z 4- 2)1 = 53,
( + 1 )* 4-Jf* - (^4- 3)* = 3 9 .
* 4- 0 4 - 1 ) 4 - ( 2 2 )* = 10 .
1584.
( r x)S Ru ( ) R\,
1585. (.
1570) ( ,)* = R], i 1, 2, 3 .
1586. (. 1571)
( {) R], i = 1, 2, 3, 4.
293 . x iv . . 1 , [:1587-

1587. r r t -\-at
( 0)2 = <\
1588. R ,
= , +
r n D.
1589. rn = D ( r r 0)2 = R 2.
.
1580. 2-{- 2rn + D
? .
1591. r n D
r 2 R 2 (. 1564)?
1592. 2 2 * = 0
r 2 R 2 (. 1564)? .
1593. ( 0)2 = 2
r z R 2 (. 1564)?
1594. ,
( r 0)2 = R 2 0 (()0), .

2 .
1595.
, x t, _ 1 -j- 2 /,
z 3 21 5 ( 1 , 2, 1) .
1596.
5 ( 1 , 2, 4), -
2 - f 2 -{- z 0 45.
1597. ,
5 ( 1 , 2 , 3),
2 * 4 - 2 z - f - l = 0 , ,
, 30.
1598. ,.
2 4- 3 + = 1
(5, 0, 0).
1599. ,
2 -\ - 2 z 2 0
.
1600. ! ,
( 1 )2-4 ( 2)14- (z 4- 2)2 = 36,
2 -\- 2 + z 2 = 36.
1601. ,
- \ - 2 -\-z 2 4 = 0, '24 - 2 -{-{z 'd)2 1 = 0 ,
1610] 2. 299

1602*. ,
: x ~ y = z, x - \ - \ y = z 1
\ -\- 1 = 2 2 .
1603.
?
1604.
?
1605.
:
1) ?
2) ?
3) ?
4) ?
1606. ---=
z~
1 , = 0, (4, 0, 3);
.
1607. ,
/0( 0),
,, , ,,
. .
1608*. ,
' if 1 ,
~ 4 - ' , , - - 1,
a- lr -
{/, tn, }, .
1609. [ \ - = -{-.
:
1) ?
2) ?
3) ?
4) ?
1610. (cir)z = ~ cos* , (" const).

r r 0 -\-bt:
1) ?
2) ?
3) ?
4) ?
5) ?
300 . XIV. . , [1611

1611.
() cos* \
( = const).
1612.
, (:0, y Q, z 0)
2 -\ - z 1 ~ 0.

3. ; ;
1613. ,
Oxz Oyz
X2 Z2 * Z2
0 , 25 + i g 1 * = 0, - = 11
.
1614. ,
,
z 0, i f ' t - y g l ( 1, 2, ] /2 3 ) .
1615*. ,
, ,
4-_2 -\-z* 9, z x
/(3, 1, 1).
1616.
^ - 2 + ^5 1 ( 3, 2 , 5 ) .
1617*. ,
+ By + Cz - f D = 0
1-1
2 ^ ^ 2 ~
1618*.
-f- By - f Cz -j- D = 0
* + + * l = i ?
- -
1619.
, ~ + ^ +
. 2 1
- J- .
X2 If2
1620*.
Z2
=1 -\- By Cz-\- D = Q.
1629] 3. ; ; 301-

1621.
^ = 1, /(:,, _yIt z x)
.
1622. -
X* l/: Z*
-g - + J = 1 ,
{ 2, 1, 2}.
1623.
V* Z*
^ = I,
(> >
1624. -
-Vs //* Z*
, ^ ~ 4 *~ = I
*-\-*-\-z* R 2.
1625. , 1 {-\ - By-\-Cz-\~
-f-D) 0
,
3 /2 Z*
-j~ - = 1
-\- -{- C z- \- D 0,
.
1626. ,
V" //* ^
- f - ---- 1 'k(Ax-\-By^~Cz -j-
-f.)) = 0, X .
1627.
** 4- -//S -4 - 1 *' 4- ,J'~-i - t

a > b 7
1628. , -
^2
= 1 ( > b > ) .
+
;5
1629*. ^ + ' " ^ 1
, ,


, d.
302 .. X IV. , , [1630

X U 2
1630. 1629 ^5 " Yg + Tf
1 = 0'. '
1631. ,
* 3

= \ , > ^> .
X^ W* 22
1632. -)- ~ - j -
, - By -j- C z = 0 ,
1) ,
, ,
,
.
2) : 2 -|- 2 2 -j- 3z = 1,
-Jr ~(-2 = 0.
1633. ,
X2 //^ 2*
+ + ^ = 1, ,
(,v0, 0, z 0).
1634. , ,

+ + F = 1 ^ = ,

.
> 1635*. , ,
,
.
1636*. ,

,
.
1637*. , ,

, .
1638*. , ,

, , ;
.
1651] 3. ; ; 303

1639. - \ ~ \ - 2 1, = 3 |3^, z t
Oz. .
1640. ,
x t - \- yt -[-zt *.
1641. ,
, * 2 , 2 = z* 2,
0, 2 = 0.
1642. ,
* -{- * -f- 2 * 1
1, ^ = 0 X 1, 2 = 0.
1643. ,
,
- \ - = 0 , ,
= , z .
1644.
* -}- * 2 * = 1 ,
.
1645.
* -{- 2 * = 1
,
.
1646. x u c os v ,
y u s ln v , z = } /rut 1 .
, v .
1647.
* '1 = 2 ( 2 * -j- 1), (1, 1, 0).
1648.
* 1 2* = , ,
, 5 ( , 0, 2 0).
1649.
* -{- 2* = I , ,
-j- -f-2 * = 1
-j- {~ 2 1 = 0 .
16-50.
'- -\-z* \ ,
x 8-|-^ * 2* = 1 X* -{- 2 = 1,
x + y + z = 1.
1651. ,
* - '
2 1 = 0 , * * 22 = 0 5 ( 0 , 0, 2).
304 . XIV. . , [1652

1652.
- \- *-\ - 1 = 0 ,

-j- = 2 z.
1653. , -
X2 f/2
------ = 2z ( > 0, < /> 0) Oxz

:* = 2pz.
1654*. 2 y* 2z

.
1655.
- \ - - 2 * = 0, , ,
( 0, >0, z 0).
1656*. ,
,

, .
1657*.
.
?
1658.
,
.
1659*. , -
JC2
+ + ^ = *
, -\--\~ C z = 0.
1660*. ,
.
.
1661*. ,
.
().
( :
,
.)
1632. , -
V2 /2 22
- j + ^ + jg = 1
, z 0.
1671] 3. ; ; 305

1663.
(0, 0, z 0) ~ = 1?
1664. ('0, 0, z 0) .
,
,
.
1665*. ( 0, 0, z 0)
1
, .
1666.
5 0 (6, 0, 0),
1 + 1 + 11 = 1
25 16 9
2
1667. , +
2
+ + ^ .
1668*.
,
.
1669*. , , -
X* lj* Z"
^ = 1 ( > > )
,
'"), , b
, . .
.
1670. , = a cos cos v,
= sin cos v, z = sin ;
. v ?
= const v = const?
1671. ,
,
, O z ,
?

*) ,
.
306 . XIV. . , [1672

1672*. ,

.
1673*. , , -
,
.
1674*. , ,
,

.
1675. ,

.
1676.

;* *
-}- = 2 z.
1677*. , -
, ,
, ,

.
1678*. ,

.
1679*. ,
, ,
, ,

.
1680.
(*<>> ^)*
+ | S 1 *
1681. ,
{ 1, , //}, >-

1689] 3. ; ; 307

1682.
(,vc, , z 0)
^ 2^ . . . .
~ + ; = 1?
1683*.
,
, ,
, O z ,
, ?
1684*.
,
, ,
,

, ^ O z ,
?
1685*. , ,
, ,
,
, 1 .
1686*.
_ 0 -|~ 2
~ '2 ^ 1
,
> > /;> > 0 . ,
: ,
.
, .
1687*. , ,
,
,
, .
1688.
.
1689*.
, ,
,
, Oz :
1) , ?
2) ,
?
308 . X IV. . , [1 6 9 0

1690*.
, ,
,
, Oz :
1) , ?
2) ,
?
1691. , ,
/*

1, .
, F,

, .
1692. ,
, ,
, , .
1693*.

?
1694. ,
V* *
= 2z
> 0, <7>>0) , +
-}- By -\- Cz-\- D 0.
1695.
( 0, y 01 z 0)
j + j = 'l ( > 0 , q > 0 )?
1696. 0 {0, 0, z 0)
JC* //*
|- = 2 z{p^> 0 , <7> 0 ).

,

/0.
1697. /0 ('0, y Q, z 0) -
-\-~- = 2z (/>>0, < 7 > 0 ).
/0,
.
1707] 3. ; ; 309

,
.
1698. ,
{/, tn, }, -
V2 (/*
1 I- = 2z.

1699*. ,
, ,
,
, .
1700*. , q' ,

(~> 0, < / > 0 )
, ~f q' q.
1701. ,
,
.
1702*. ,

(. . , ),

, .
1703*. , ,
,
, ,
.
1704*. ,
.
1705*.

?
1706. ,
X2 f/2
^ -= 2 z
( / ; > 0, <7 > 0 ) , ^4 -f-
-f- By -f- Cz = 0 ( 0).
1707. M 0 (x0, j'0, z 0) .
,
310 . X IV. . , [1708

X
------ - - = 22
. ?
0.
1708*.
,
,
, , Oz
, ?
1709*. ,
, ,
, ,
.
1710*. , ' q ' ,

* *
------- = 2 z { > 0, <7 > 0) -
1 .1 I 1
, ~

1711*. , q'
,
/*
------ ^ 2 z
, / / -\-q' = p q.
1712*. ,

,
.
1713. ,
.
1714. , ,

, ,

,

.
1716. ,
x ~ V p(u + v), = Y q ( u v), z = 2 uv, > 0 , q > 0,
.
= const, v const?
1719] 3. ; ; 311

1716. , , ,
-------- 2z,

.
1717*, ,
,
,
,
.
1718. ,
-
.
.
1719*.
:
/ 1, 2, 3, 4, ...;
/' 1', 2', 3 ', 4 ', ...
, 11', 22', 3 3 ', 44', ...

(
).
XV

- + + * -|- 2 1 - f 2 a u y z +
-j- 2 a iXzx + 2 a ,x + 2a j t -f- 2 a 3z - f a = 0. ( 1)
, (1)
,

:
1
/ , = ., ,.

1!
/* = . .* 1+
.*

3J
, 2 3
, -
,
:
.. 2
- (2 -I- 31 " 3
, 1 * *

.. . 33 I
- , 1 2 || + , 1
| 2

, / 3 = 0, /.= 0, K s
; / , = 0 , . 0, / . = 0, /, = 0
.
I. 13 0 ,

. XV. 313

|" " , A3Z* -f~ ~j^ 0. (I)

,,, ,, 3
,2
2 2 A atj ~0 (2 )
* A

* /, + / / , = 0.

. ! ., 3 , ~ , -
*3
, (I) .
,
| ?vj | I X, I I A3I,
(I) :

x> + _ !^ + *
-J k
X\! 5 2/3 XjJ j
:

| , | ^ | 2 | ^ | , | a ^ s b ^ c .
2. ,,, 2, 3: ^ ,
*3
: | , | < ; | | | 3 1,
:
2

- + + ? - _ 1 '
_ _ ___ ___

= / - b= Y w . - = &
] , | ^ | X. | sS 3 1 ^ ^ .
3. ,,, , 3 , / ( , = 0, (I)
. | , | | | | , I, -
: .

/>2

-/ =/ -
:
314 '; XV.

4. (2)
,
, , ,
13 '
(I)
. , 2
, , . |, | < |2|,
(I) :
2 Y2 z2
|------ 17~------ 77~ = I
-J<-
/ 2/ ,/3

X 2Y z Z2 .
2b2 2

.
- / - & b= V - t - .
a ^ b .
5. -

~ (I) ,
3
,
, (1)
: , 2
| * I< | 1, (2)
* 1 + - ___
J< JU
,/ 2/ 3 )/

?_ 2_ 2 2_ _
+ 2 2 ~
^ .
6,* ,
, , , = 0 ,
to (I) . ,
, 2, | , 1S|A2|, (I)
:
. XV. 315

a=V 6 = ^ ' c~ V j r t *
a ^ s b .

(2)
( ).
II. / , = 0, ^ ,

:

. - . * 2 1 ^ / Z = 0, (II)

X, ,
.
7. , . , (II)
1 .

I Aj | ^ | At |.
(II) :
* . *
_j-------------------------- = 2Z,

i V -
,
, ,,

^17= < -
:
'* *
+ = 2Z,
<7
> q > 0.
8". X,, X, , (II)
.
, ,
/ fSjL , -
* It
(II) :
' *
316 . XV.

p = k V 77 0 = - -T r
i l l . / , = 0, /<4 = 0, / 2 0,

:

+ * --= 0, (III)
2

, 2
.

9. , , , * , -
'2
, (III)
.
, | , | 5 | 2 |, (111) :
._ * L _ + _ Z ! _ = 1
! 2/ 2

-..1 -
2

/ * ., = l / ~ **.,
V ,/2 v *
^ .

10, 1( 2 3 , (III)
.
| X, | X, |, (III) :

*L + z u _ ,
1 .
212

2 ^ 2
^ .
11. , . , / , 0, (III)
.
(III) :
X2 , Y2
. XV. 317

X2 *
a 5 s b,

= V ' == \ \ '
12 . , , /< ,^ 0 , (III)
. ,
, ,
~ , (III) :

X1 _ ^ _ ==[
Jk.
,/,
* _ * _ 1
* /tS

|/8 */8
13. , , /, = 0, (III)
.
, ,
(III) :

- _ - =

, ,

IV. / , = 0, = 0, /* = 0, K t ^ 0 ,

:

*2 = 0, (IV)

Xt = / ,
.
318 . XV. . .

14. (IV ) :

2= 2 1
1\
.
,
, ,

' - '-
V. / 3 = , , / 2 = , 3 0,

:

\ 1 2- \ - ^ = 0 ,
*1

2 + = 0. (V )

15. /<2 < 0 , (V)
.

:
X 2 az = 0.
16. /< > 0 , (V)
.

:
+ =
17. , /<2 = 0, (V)
:
2= 0.

, ,
.
,
,
0 ' , . .
,
.
. XV. 319

( 3)

X .

0 '
,
(3), X
.
, (
), '
.
:
* + * * + ,= 0 .
4 a i2y 4 , - f as 0, (4)
a 3tx -I- aKy + a itz -j- a, = 0.
I. 1\


(4). (')
(3), X
;
(O 'Y ) (3),
X
, (OZ)
(3), X
.
2 \ (1) ( ),
(4).
3.


(4).
X, X. ,
, ( X, | < | | 3
,
,, X,.
(O'Z) (3), 3\

(') (3), =
(O'Y)
(3),
X = Xv
320 . XV.

4 . :
* , 1 2*
? + ------; = 1>
, > .
.
*

(4).
, 4 ,
, | ,, | < | , | , ,,
,
,, 2. (O'Z)
(3), = ,;
' (. . ,
, )
(3), =,;
O'Y (3), = ,.
5. :
V2 71
- - + ^ - 4 = 0 >.
~ - -
(4).
,, . ,
, | , , | < | |, 3
,
, 3.
(O'Z)
(3), 3.
' ( ,
, ) (3),
= ,; O'Y
(3), ,.
11.6.
X
- [- - 2 Z .
Q

. .
,

= { / 1 1, / , / ! ; , , },

12 13 13 1
1= 21 2* 2= 21 23 2
32 33 3 31 3* 3

av , , Kv
. XV. 321

, 2
, | , | < | , 2 |.
' ( ,
,
) (3), =
O'Y (3), = 2.

:
, -h ,// -f , ,2 -f , 2 + 22// + ., + .
1 2
_ ci3yX-\-ci3Zij + a 33z -3
(5)
* 2 + !/2 + <*33 2 -|- 2 a ]tx y - f 2 23// - f
- f 2a slzx + 2 , + 2 + 2 3 + = 0.
7. :
'2
------ - = 21.


.
,
(O ' X Z )
(), :
{ ., /, .
,, , a v 2, 3

, 2
, | ., | < | 2 1.
' (
, )
(3), , = .,; O'Y
(3), = ,.

(5).
, = 2,

:
~ Y 2 = 2pZ .
,
O 'X Z OY Z , .

| ,}.
III. 8. :
X- Y2

- + b722 = 1.
11 . . .
322 . XV.



, .
(4) (
).
, 2
, | , | < | , |.
' (
, )
(3), ,;
O 'Y (3), = 2.
, = *
X i - \ -Y i = *,

(. ).
9. :

2 ~



, .
(4). , ,
, |
IS
, . -
*2
' (
, )
(3), = ,,
O 'Y ( ) (3),
= .
IV . 10. .
, :
1) , ;
2) ,
;
3) ,
.
,
, :
( a x - \ - ^ y - \ - y z ) z + 2 b lx - \ - 2 b zy-]r 2 b 3z-\- = 0

( + ^ + + ) 2 [2 ( 1) - \ - 2 ( . ) +
+ (m y b s) z + m 2 b] = 0 .
,
+ // + y z - f tn = 0,
2 ( &,) - \ - 2 (m b z) - \ - ( b s) z + m 2 b = 0
. XV. 323

( b ,) + (3 ( b ) + ( b 3) = 0,

m . + ^ +
+ 2 +
m
2 ( b t) ,v + 2 (tnfi ) - f- ( 3) z + m* 6 =

, ;

+ // + yz + = 0

,
,

{am b lt rn b2, 6 S|


.
(1) ,
,
.
, (1) -
, ,
.
,
(1), ,
,

2 1.
,

, . . :
X + 2 2 + 33 2 + 2 -(- 2 + 2 ci31z x + = 0.

,
, .
,
,
:
-j- + a 33z 2 -\- 2 + 2 a 23y z -f 2 a 3iz x -f = 0 ,

11*
324 . XV.

/j^O;
'3
= ~ , /3= 0 , = 0, 1 0;

= ~, / j = 0, 4= 0, / 2= 0, /3= 0, /,# 0 .
'!
,
:
+ + 33 + 212 + 2ai3yz + 2a3l = 0.
, (
)
, (
, ).
, ,
:
=: 1 L Y +^2 + *0'
= 4- m 2Y -I- m t Z - f </0,
z = tijX -j- / f*ttjZ -f-
' = {/,, mt, n t j, <?' = |/ 2, /2, /I,}, e' = {/ ms, n,|
O'/Y, ', O'Z ,
(4), 0, //, 0 (
, , ,
) .

+ 22 -f altz' + 2 + 2 + 2 + 2 +
+ 2azy + 2a3z + = 0
(0, 0, zQ)
(0 + 12 0+ 0+ ,) + (a2lx0+ a2iyQ+ aZ3z 0+ .) +
+ (' + a3iy 0+ 0+ ,) z + atx0-f ajy0+ a3z0+ a = 0-
S (-0, 0, 0),
, (1),

( + asty- -f ,,+ 2altxy + 2aZiyz + 2atlzx +


+ 2, + 2 + 23 + ) (* + 2\ + az~ + 200 +
+ 22s?/()2o+ 2a3Jz 0x0+ 2,'0+ 2//0+ 2,0+ )
[(aii*o4-i2#o + aiJ2ro~f-a i) X-|-(21*0+ 22/0+ ") +
+ (* + aszy0+ 0+ ,) + + 2*/0+ 30+ ]= 0.
, ,
(1),
. XV . 325

{/, , { ,
(, ,-2 + ,//2 + a33z2 + 2 ^ + 2a 23y z 4- 2 a3izx -}- 2, - f 2 2; +
+ 23 - f ) ( ,,/2 + 2 2 -|- 33 2 + 2 1 -}- 2 + 2aSinl)
[(* + , + 4 ,) / 4- ( * -\- 22 + 23 + 2) 4-
- (' + '/ + + 3) /]2 = 0.
/, , ,
,

1 4- 4 a 33ns 4 2a izlm 4- 2 23 -{- 2a 3Xnl = 0.

,
j /, , {,

/ (a .v -f a I2r /4 - a ,j z 4 - a ,) 4 - w (2 + 2 a 2iz + 2) +
4 (31 + 32 4- 33 + 3) = 0.

,
' 4- -\-Cz 4 D = 0,
:

4 + a X3z 4 a, _ a 2,x -f- a ,,;/ 4- a ,,z + a . _ a 31* - f 2 - f as3z 4 ,




,
, ,
.
{/, , } }/', ' \ ,

, . . ,
, ,
( / 4 12 4 13 ) V + (21/ 4- 22 + 23) ' 4-
4 (astl + 31/ - f a 33n) ' = 0 .

(
) ,
.
,
y z
.
:
1)
4 22 i f - f a z 2 4 2 4 2a 23y z - f 2 a z * + 2 a ,* +
4* 2 a2y 4- 2 a , 4- a = 0;
326 . XV.

2)
Ax + By + Cz + D = 0, 2+ * + * = 1;
,
,
:
12 13
21 22 23
/, = *
31 32 33
0
11 12 13 1
* 21 22 23 2
/< 31 32 3* 3
1 . 3 D
D 0
11 12 13 22 23
21 22 33 32 33 >
0 0 0
, 13 I 22 23 2
22 2 33 3 32
/<, = 2 D 3 > 2 3 D
D 0 D 0 D 0

,
, /,, /( /, /2
* * *
/ , Ks, / /2-
, ,
:
+ = 0;
, ,
;
12 1
21 22 23
/* = 0;
31 32 33
0
, ,
:
*
l lX* + l iY* + 4 L = 0,
I9
, , , . .
. XV. 327

,
:
+ 1 -4,3 + , = At,
21* 4- 22 + a23z + a2= B t ,
3}-\- assz-+-a3= Ct,
Ax-\-By-\-Cz-\-D = 0.
I, tn, ,
, :
( ) 1 4 12 4 = ,
2] 1 4 ( 22 ) 4 23 {3 = ,
^ 4-' + ( ?) = 0,
/ 4" tn 4 = ,

2- / 1 + = 0

,2 13
2 , , 3
31 32 33
0
,

[ 1 12 13 11 1 13 11 12 1 )
2 22 23 21 2 23 21 22 2
1
3 32 33 31 3 3 3 31 32 3
1 D 0 D 0 D 0 J

.
:
-{- B y - \- C z + D = 0,
I ( 4 12 -|- 13 + ,) + rn (ct2lx 4 22 -|- 2 4- ) +
4 (31 4- 2 + 33 4 3) = ,
I, , :
( ) / - |- cil2tti -j-G]j/i = 0,
a 2ll 4- ( 2 ) tn 4- 23 = ,
- \ - + ( ) = 0,
/ 4 + = ,
12 11 13 22 23
21 22 31 32 33
0 0 0

.
328 . XV.

1. ,

+ + * + 2 + x z -f- 2 y z 2 + 6 + 2 z = 0.
.
1 13
/,= 1 5 1
3 1 1
. ,
1 1 3 1
15 1 3
,= :3 6 > 0 ,
3 11 1
1 3 1 0
/j = l + 5 -1 -1 = 7, / , / , < 0 . ,
. L:
1 1 |1 3 5 1
+ 3 1 I+ 1 1 = 0.
1 5
:
V 72 4- 36 = 0;
, = 3, 2 = 6, = 2.
36
'2+ 622Z2+ ~ = 0

'2+ 62 2Z2 1 ,

1 1 1
W V ~2
, :

+ + 3z 1= 0,
-J- -(- z 3 = 0,
+ ^ + + 1 = 0 ,

~ |- )

\ = \ 1 , ,} .
. XV. 329

' , :
(1 3) /j -{- /, -f- 3/t|= 0,
1\ - (53) /, -j- fiy = 0,
3) , = 0,
, = {1, 1, 1}.
2, 1} \ = { 1, 0, 1 {, O 'Y 'Z.
2. ,

2 2/* + 3 2 + 4 + 2x z -{- 2y z 4 -{- 6 2 -f- 3 = 0.
.
2 2 1
/,= 2 2 1 = 0,
1 1 3
22 1 2
22 1 3
1 1 3 1 ~
2 3 1 3
.
:
22 2 | 21
If = 10,
22 4 1 3 | ^ | 1 3.
/j = 2 - |- 2 - f 3 = 7.
:
*_72+ 10 = 0;
:
= 2, = 5, X, = 0.
:
125
2 * + 5 2 2
10

X*
---- I' 2Z,
1 2 2 4 2
2 2 ~ 2
,
:
2 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 2 1
2 1 3 2 1 3 , 22 3
131 131 1 1 1 1
=7 {25, 25, 0 } | +|1, - 1 , 0}.
830 . XV.

/ mv , '
:
(22) /, + 2, 4-, = 0,
2/j 4~ (2 ^) ^ 1| = 0,
/ + , + (3 2 ) , = 0
./, = 1, m, = 1, , = 2, ,
'' {1, 1, 2}.

(2 5) 1 + 2/ + , = 0,
2L 4- (25) /, + 2= 0,
/* + * + ( 3 5) , = 0
{1, 1, 1} O'Y.
:
2 4" 2f/ + 2 2 2 4 2// 4~ 2
|3 4 4~ 1
' 25 =25
22 4- 2 4 2 4 4// + 2 + 2 4 4 6/ 2 4 3 = 0

2* + 2// -j- 2 = (2: + 2 4 ^ + 3),


' 4' + 3? 1=0,
22 4- 2/2 4- 32 + 4/ 4- 2xz 4* 2 / 4 + 6// 22 4- 3 = 0,

O' - 1 _!2 JL
40 40 2
3. ,

5* 4- 2 i f 4- 52 4 2xz 4 y z + \ 0 x Ay 2 4 - 4 = 0.
.
5 2 1
2 2 2 = 0,
1 2 5
5-2-1 5
2 2 2 2
5 1 = ,
< = 1 2
5 2 1 4
5 2 5 1 2 2
2 2 4 1 5 4 2 5 = 36,
5 2 5 5 1 5 2 2 2
2 2 2 4 1 5 1 4- 2 5 1 = -36,
5 2 4 5 1 4 2 1 4
/, = 54-24-5=12.
. XV. 331

/ , = '4 = 0, / 2 > 0, 1 < 0 ,


.

X3 2 + 36 = 0
:
,] = ., - = 0.
:

6X*-J- 62- | | = 0

+ * =

,
1
' ^ '

:
5.v 2 z + 5 = 0,
2 - \ - 2 2 z 2 = 0,
2// + 5 z 1 = 0 ,

.
4. ,
,

2 + ' + 4z* + 2 + 4 + 4 y z 6z -j- 1 = 0.

.
1 12
1 1 2 = 0,
2 2 4
1 10 2
1 10 2
4. 2 2 4 3 = 0,
0 0 3 1
1 1 12
=
1 1 + 2 4 +
=0,
110 1 2 0 1 2 0
,= 1 1 + 2 4 3 + 2 4 3 = -18,
0 0 1 0 3 1 0 3 1
/, = 1+ 1 + 4 = 6
.
332 . XV.

62 - ^ = 0

,
:

~ 2 '

:
( + + 2 + m f [2 -f 2 + 2 (2 + 3) -f I] = 0.
:
-I- ~f~2z -f- ==0,
2 + 2 + 2 (2 -f 3) + 1 = 0,
1 -f 1 -j- 2 (2 3) = 0,

= 1.
, ,
:
~\~2z 1 = 0;
,
:
2 2 -j- 2z -J- 1= 0,

{_ 2 , - 2 , 2 } U { - 1 . - 1 . 1}.

.
5. ,

y* + 2xy + A x z - \- 2 y z 2^ = 0.
1 7 2 1 ] 1. , 333
.
0 1 2
/,= 1 1 1 =0,
1
0
1 2 2
1 1 1
K t = - 0,
2 1 0 0
___
2 1 0 0
0 1 0 2 1 1
^2 +
2 0 + 1 0 = 6,
1 1
0 ] 2 0 2 --2 1 1 1
*.= 1 1 1 + 2 0 0 ~ 1 0 0 ,
2 1 0 2 0 0 1 0 0
/, = 0 + 1 + 0 = 1 ;
/ , = /4= 0, / . < 0 , /<, = 0,
.
,
, //,
:
- f 2 + 4xz -|- 2ijz A x - 2 y = ty* -\-2(x-\-z I) -|- 4 4 =
= // + 2 ( -)-2 1) /-{- ( -f l)* + 4*z 4 (x + z 1)2=
= ( + + z 1)*-f- 42 - 2' 2 3 1 + 2 -\-2z =
( + + 1) 2.V2 2 2 -|- 2 1 =
= (* + + z I)1 ('2 2-2 -\- 2 + * 2 -)-!) =
= { + + 1 )*- [* + 2 ( 1 - ) * + (1 - ) 2] =
= (* + + 1)* ( * + 1)* = (2 + ) (*/ + 2 2).
,
:
2jc + // = 0, -\-2z 2 = 0.

1 . , ,
, ,

1720. * -j- * -j- 2
2yz + 6 xz + 2 63/ 2^ = 0.
, , ,
?
1721.
4 - f 4xz 4 4 z 1 = 0 .
334 . XV. [1722

1722.
, 10 (0, 0, z 0).
1723.
x 2 + 2yz z 2 2 2y z 2 x z 4 1 = 0 ,
jc + + z = 0 .
1724.
-\- 2 2 .2 2 2y z - j ~ 2x z 1 = 0 ,
0 ( 0 , 0, 0) ( 1, 1, 0),
, .
1725.
2 -\- 2y z - \ - 2 = 0,
( 1 , 1 , 1 ) ,
.
1726. , ,
* = 0 z ~ x y .
1727. ,
= \ , y = z ! 2 2 z 2 2y z
2 - \ - 1 = 0 .
1728.
4 2 + by* + 4,2 -f- 4xz -j- 8_ 4 z + 3 = 0, .
1729. *+2 *
z 2 -2 2 y z -(- 2xz 4 1 = 0 ,
^ + ^ + 2 + 1 = 0.
1730.
2 2 -{-5 2 -f- 8 z~ - f 2-\- 6 xz-\- \ 2yz-\- 8,v + \ 4 + 18^ = 0,
, {3, 2, 5}.
1731*. ,
, ,
,
,
.
1732*. ,
,
, ,
.
1733*. ,
X2 2* - f z 2 -f- 4 8 x z 4y z 2:4-8_ 4 z 2 = 0
, .
1734*.
-)~ -f- z* -f- 2 -j- 2xz ~f~ 2yz -}- 2x -j- 6y -j- 2z
x - j - 2y - j - z 1 = 0 .
174 7] 1. , 335

1735.
2 2 -j- 2 + 2x z -}- 2y z 0, ,
.
1736. , -\ - 2 z 5 =
z 2 2 4 2y - \ - 2z 3 = 0
, .
1737.
2 + 3 2 + 3 z 2 2 2x z 2y z 6 = 0.
1738.
4~ x z 4~ +- -j- 1 = 0 .
1739.
2 2 z -f- 2y z -j- 2 1 = 0 .
1740.
2 -{- 2 + z 2 + 2 2 x z y z -f- + 5 2 + -4 = 0,
( 1, 1, 1) .
1741.
2 + -j- Az 2 + Axz 8 ^ 42 4*3 = 0,
4- 2 4- 2 = 0.
1742*. 4; 5 = 0, z 1 = 0
, 2 x s -j-5 2 2 z 2
2 4- 6y z 2z = 0.
1743*. ,
2 4- 2 2 4- (2 z 2 4- 2 2 Ay Az-\- 2 0,
, Oz.
1744.
, 2 -\- 2 2 2 z 2
4 -2 * 2 42 4 - 2 = 0, ,
.
1745*. ,
,
F(x, , z) = 0, :

F (, , 2 ) {, [{X )2 4 - b)2 -\ -(z )2] 4 - ^ | = 0,


; (, I), ) ; / 3 .
1746*. 2 2 -{-2-\-
4- z 2 4 - z 2: = 0.
1747. ,
(0, 1, 3) 2 2 \ 2z 2
2 1 2 7 2 2 + 109 = 0 .
336 . XV. [1748

1748*. z 2 -j- 1.
1749.
2 + 2 + 2z 2-)- 2 2 4-\-
4 -4 2 + 2 = 0.
1750. ( 1, 1, 1)
, + 2 + z 2 -j- 2 4- +
-\ - 2 -j- 2 z = 0 .

2.

1751. , ,
,
, :

1) 2 -\- 2x y - \ - 4 x z - \ - 2 y z 4: 2 = 0 ;
~\2 ) + 4 2 + Vz2 4 + 6x z 12y z -\-
-\-2 3z 6 = 0;
3) ;2 4_2 + 3 z 2 + 4 + \ 0 x z Ayz-\- 6;
20 14 2 24 = 0;
4) 52 -|- 4_2 + 3 z 2 -f- 9 + 8;2 + l y z + 7; +
+ 6_ + 52 -j- 2 = 0;
5) 4 + 49_2 z 2 2 - f 4;2 14yz + 8:

\ 6) 1 6:2 4- 9 2 4 -1 00224- 24 + 80:2 4~60yz 4- 56: +
4- 42_ + 1 4 0 z -}- 49 = 0.

1752. ,

:

1) 4:2 4 - 6_2 4 - 4 z 2 4- 42 8 42 4 -3 = 0;
2 ) :2 4- 5^2 4- z 2 4- 2 4- 6 x z + 2y z 2: 4~_ 102 = 0 ;
3) :2 4 - 2 3 z 2 2xy 6xz 6y z + 2 + 2 -j- 4z = 0;
4) ;2 2 4- z 2 4- 4:_ 8:2 4_2 14: 4 +
4 -1 4 2 + 16 = 0;
5 ) 2:2 -\- 2 + 2 z 2 2 2y z - f - x 4 3 Z + 2 = 0 ;
6) :2 2_2 + z 2 + 4 10:. + 4 y z - \ - x - \ - y 2 = 0;
7) 2;2 + _+ 2z 2 2:_ 2yz-j- 4 2 = 0;
8 ) :2 2_2+ 2 + 4;_ \0xz-\- 4yz-\- 2:4- 4

9} :2 4** +- 422 + 2 4~ 4 ;2 + 4 ^2 6 2 4~ 1= 0;
1762] 2. 337

10) 4 + 2 + 6z 3 = 0 ;
1 1 ) -|- z + y z -(- 2 + 2 2z = 0 .
1753. ,

:
2 = 2 4 2 6; + 8^>+ 1 ;
z = 2 4- 3 ~ 6_ -j- 1 ;
X s + 2 2 3 z 2 + 2x + 4 62 = 0;
x 2 + 2 x y - \ - y 2 22 = 0 ;
z 2 = + 4 ^ 4 -5 ;
= :2+ 2 -' 2 + 1 ;
z 2 = ;* + 2 + + \ ;
JC*-|_ 4 *-|_ 92 6 -f- 8 182 14 = 0;
9 2 - z 1 2z + 1 = 0 ;
10 2 4 - 2 22 2 4 - 22 1 = 0 ;
11 :2 4 - 2 2 1 16 -|- 62 4 - 1 6 = 0 ;
(12 2 4 - 2 + 2 4 - 22 1 = 0 ;
13 24- 6 8> 4- 62 7 = 0 ;
14 2 2 4- 2224- 2 4- 42 = 0 ;
15 24- 3>'2 4- 2 2 6 + - 4 1 = 0 ;
\L6 1 -j- ;4- 1 = 0 ;
17 ' 4 - 3 z 2 6 + 4- 42 4 -3 = 0;
18 4 2 4; 4~ 4_ 3 = 0.

:
1754. 4- 5 2 4- -2- 2 4- 6x 2 4- 2 y z 2x 4- 6 4- 22 = 0.
1755. 2 2 + 2 + 2 z 2 2 + 2yz + Ax 2y = 0.
1756. 2 -\ - 2 Az 2 - \ - 2x y-\-A x z A y z 62 4-1 = 0 .
1757. 4- 9 2 -h 2 2 12 6 2 4- 42* 4-
6 ^ 4 -2 2 5 = 0.
1758. 7X4- 6 2 4- 52* 4 Ay z 6 24 +
4 - 1 8 2 4 -3 0 = 0.
1759. 24- 2 522 4- 2 2 Az 4- 2 = 0.
1760. 2 2 2 + z 2 4- 8x 2 4^2 14 4-
+ 1424- 16 = 0.
1761. 2 2 + 2 + 2+ +- 2x 2 4- 2y z 4 + 6
22 + 3 = 0.
1762. 2* + 5 1 4- 222 2 + 2y z 4x 2 -\-2 10^
22 1 = 0 .
338 . XV. [17G3

1763. 1) * + * + * + 2 + 6 + 2 2 +
"$ 22 = ;
2) 5*2-j- 2 2 + 5* 4 2xz 4y z + 1:
4 22"-)- 4 = 0;
3) 2 2 4 2 -j- 4'_ 10'2 + 42 -j- 2 +
+ 4^ 102 1 = 0 .
1764. * 2 + 2 2 + 4 -|- 6x 2 -|- 2 4- 4 -(- 62 8 = 0.
1765. 2'2+ \ 0y 2 2 z 2 - p i 2 + 8^2 + 12 +
H-4j; + 82 1 = 0 .

3. ,

1766.
.
, :
1 ) ?
2 )
?
1767.
,
.
1768. , * + 2 -j-
+ S3^2 + 2a l2xy + 2 a tay z + 2 a u z x + 2 a xx + 2 a2y + 2 a tz +
-j-a = 0 , a ltx 2 -\-, 2-\-
- f a tiz 2 -\- 2 a yxy-\- 2 a2iy z + 2 a u z x -j- 2 a ,: + 2aty + 2 a s2 -f-
-j- a = j* .
1769*. , -f-
-j- 22+ (; 4 - (_) 1 = 0 .
1770*. ,
( 2 4- 2y z ) -j-1) ( 2 -|- 2xz) + (z 2 4- 2 ) = 1
.
1771*. , 2 -\-(z 2 2 z ) ( \ ,2) -f-
4 - 2 Xxz 2' = 0 .
.
1772*. / , 2 2 xy-\-fiz 2 0
, .
1773.
2 + ( 2 2 4 -1 )(* -f- 22) 2 2 x z 2y z 2 2 -\- 3 1 = 0
4~ *
1783] 3. 339

1774*. X
(j, 2 + 2 z 2 - \ - 2 ' k xz - \ - 2 \ a y z 2 4 y - j ~ 2 z = 0
5 ?
1775*. = 0
,
,
,
,
,
?
1776*. ,
,,*2 - f 2 2 +
Xt z 3 -j- 2 b z = 0, ,, % , .3, b
.
,
.
1777*. , ,
,
( ),
, / , = 0 .
1778*.
( 0, 0, z 0)
, ?
1779*. = 0
.
^ = 0?
2
1780*.
?
1781*. 2- \ - 2 3 + 2 2 - \ -
-f- 2a 2iy z + 2 a iXz x -j- 2 a xx + 2 a 2y + 2 a t z + a = 0
.
, b?
1782*.
.
/( 0, 0, z 0)

?
1783*.

?
340 . XV. [1784

1784*.
:
1) ?
2) ?
3) ?
1785. ,
.
1786. = 0
. -
/
* = 0?
'*
1787*.
.
,
?
1788.
n l Fz 0
, = 1
; /,, /,, ,
, =
.
1789. = 0
;
/(:0, 0, z 0)
?
1790. 0

.
( 0, _0, ) ,
?
1791*. = 0
.
.
1792*. 0
.
( x Q, , z 0)
?
1793. = 0
.
.
1803] 4. 341

1794*.
= 0
?

4.

1795*. ,
O x z O y z ?
1796*.
: = 0,
y z = ; = 0, z = b; 2 = 0, ~ .
1797*. ,
O y z ; = 0,
- + z 1 = !2 , Oxz 0, z z 2 = 0.
1798*. ,
= 0, 2 + 2? 2 by = 0; = 0,
-|-2 2 2 0.
1799*. ,
, O x z
O y z , Oz
.
1800*. ,
,
* 4- 12: 18 - f 32 = 0, 2 = 0, O x z
Oyz ,
O z , ,
Oxz, 1.
1801*. ,
2 = 0, x s - f : -\- z 2 2
2 z 0 (1, 1, 0).
1802*. ,
Oz
: ,
; Oxz
, ,
O y z ,
Oz .
1803*. ,
= 0 , 2 = 2 0, z 2
(0, 1, 1) (1, 1, 0).
342 . XV. [ 1 8 0 4

1804. ,
:
* + = \, 2 = 0;
* * + / = 3, 2=1;
jc* + / = 5, 2 = 2.
1805*. ,
, (2, 0, 1),
(0, 0, 1)
2 = 0, 2 4 1 = 0 .
1806*. :
1) ;
2) ,
- ,
, ,
Oz .
1807*. ,
-\- z 1 = 0 , - \ - 22 = 0, * 1 ~ 0
,

8;
4;

2.
1808. ,
x - \ - y + z = Q, 2 z 2 = 0,
2 + 1 = 0
(1, 0, 0), (0, 1, 0), (1, 1, 1).
1809. ,
(0, 0, 0), (1, 1, 1), (0, 0, 1),
* + + 2 = 0, 2 2 = 0,
2 + 1 = 0 .
1810*. ,
2 + = 2, 2 = 0,
{/, , }.
1811.
,
,
.
1812.
, 5 (, , )
1823] 5. 2- 343


, .
1813*.
, :
2 - \ - z 1 = 0, )2 2 = 0, 1 2 + 2 = 0, \
2y -j-z 1= 0; / 1+^ = 0;/ 1 ^ = 0. /
1814.
, ,
,
.
1815*. ,
,
= /, z = = /,
2 = .
1816. ,
= /, z = = k x , z .
1817*. ,
,
.
1818*.
,
2 = 0, 2 = 2 .

5.
1819*.
,
\ + 22 + <z3Sr + 2 + 2 a 29y z + 2 a t l z x + 2 +
+- 2 a2<y + - 2 a s2 + -a = 0, ,
-j- B y +- C z +- D = 0, A2 +- B~ +- C~ = 1.
1820*. (0, 2, 2), ( 1, 0, 0)
, 2 2 2* = 0 .
1821*. ,
(, 2, 2) ( 1, 0, 0) 2 -j- 8
? = 0 .
1822*. 2 x 2y = z ,
4 2 * + 2 = 0
.
1823*.
, 2 = 2
z 1 = 0.
344 . XV. [1824

1824*.
, ? 2 -[-
1 = 0 2 - \ - y - \ - z = 0.
.
1825*. * + 2 2
1 = 0 , - \ - 2z 1 = 0 .
1826*. ,
, * + 2 2 = 0
, 2 = 0 .
1827*.
,
.
1828*. ,
(0, 1, 1) ,
,
- " 1 = 0 , 2 = 0 .
1829*. ,
- \ - - |- 42* 1 = 0 -\~
~|~ 2 = 0 .
1830*. , = 0
2_1 -|~2* 2; = 0
.
1831*. + 2 -{- 2* + 4_
2 x z A y z - \ - 2 x 62 = 0 , : 2 = 0.
1832*. ,
- \ - - \ - C z - D = 0 ( -|- -(- 2 = 1) -
'2 2 zs
-s 1-
b- ' 2
1833*. ,
- \ - Ey-j - Cz-\- D = 0 (As + 2 -(- 2 = 1 ) -
X2 tl 2 z2
- - \- ~ ^ = \ .
1834*.
?
1835*.
?
1836*. ,
A x - \ - B y - \ - C z + D 0 (1 + Er -f-* = 1)
* //* 2*
^= 1 -
1848] 5. 2 - 345

1837*. ,
+ -j- Cz -f- D ( -{- ~ * = 1)

X' , y s
- = 2*.

1838*. ,
-{- + Cz -(- D = (* -f- * -\- 1 = 1) -
f/*
------ + - = 2 z .
1839*. ,
-)- -{- Cz + D 0 ( -f- 1 + 2 = 1)
+ =

,
:

184*. - '
+ ' -
1.

1841*.

V2 II z~
,842*. +

1843*. -a 2 = I.-
t + b~

1844*. -
+ 6- = 0. -

1845*. -
- 7 * ^
?
1846*. ,
,
.
1847*. - \ - B y - \ - C z - \ - D = 0
,
, ?
1848*.
X* V*
^ 2 = 1 110 ?
346 . XV. [1 8 4 9

1849*. ,
* 2 2*
=* 1 ,
.
1850*.
.
1861*. ,
~ = 2 z .

1852*. , ^ ^

---- - = 0 .
1853*. ,
,
, (
), .
1854*. , ,

, ,
(
, ,
).
1855*. , ,

,
,

.
1856*. , ,

, ,
,
, .
11857*. , ,

,
.
1858*.
,
.
1863] 6 347


,

?

6.

1859*. = 0

. , ,
,
:
/ .
2 r b 3 -I- (
b e i
' ) * = ,
| 2

= { ,, 2 ,}; e t , , 3
( e t ),
(e s).
I860*. .
{3, .
, :
1) (3
, ,
;
2)
, ;
3)
( ),
.
1861*. ,
,
, .
1862*.
.
?
1863*. ,
X2 * Z2
^ + ~ 1
.
?
348 . XV. [1864

1864. '( - \ - - \ - Cxz ) 2-\-


- \ - \ i ( A t x + - Cnz ) 2 = - \ - + + 3;
C\z, Asx - j - - j -C2z, + - \ - C3z ~ \ - D 3
.
1865.
R , + 2 2 -J- 1 = 0
.
1866:;:. L 2 2 z 2
R 2 + -^2= 1.
.
L ,
. ,


.
XVI


,
(, , z) ,
,
(x ',y ',z ')t (
) :
a' = a nx + ai2y + a iSz 4 -
' = a2ix + ,/ a. 3z 4 - az, (1)
z' = a3lx + a3iy + a3iz -\-a3,

, . . ,

I - 2 3 t 1 J- (3 )
+ 21 + 31, 2= 0,
13 4- 2123 4~ 3133 = 0, .
4 22 2 4 " "

(3) :

(3')
*1 4- 1*02*4- 23=0,
4-2**4- = 0,
2131 4 3212 4 2, 53
0* '
350 . X V I.

,
;

: \
fl,2 2 asz J
* '
, ,

21 10 0
ait an a2 0 10
2 * 00 1
, (1),
: 1= { , 21, 3,}
^ = { 1 , 0, 0}; = { , 22> \
,
2= {, 1, 0}; es = { a ts, a2t, } ,
<?, = { 0, 0, 1 }
(1). ' ( 2, ).
.
,
, ,
(. .
), , ,
.
,
, , . .
( 1 ), (2 ) .

.

,
,
, .

(2 ) 1 :

= 1;


1 :
t*
22 2 = 1.
1 12 *
. X VI. 351


' - { - 0,

' = + ,
z ' = z + z0
.

' = + 12 -1- 13,
' = anx + alty + aitz,
z' = atlx-\-a32y + a3iz
(
).

,
M { x , y , z ) ' ( ' , ' , ' ) ,

\
= + 1 - \ - - { - 1,
' == 1 -+ a t i y -f au z -f , (4)
z ' = a 3lx + + a 33z + a


ail 12
aii att 0. (5)
o.i
* . a,.
, (4),
: 0 ' (,, , 3)
. [ = { , .,, a ,j| ,=
= {1, 0, 0} ; <?= { 1, ,, ,.}
=\0, 1 , 0} ; es = {a1J( a,,, aJ3}
3= {0, 0, 1} .
.
,
.

, ,
.

, ,
, , .

, ,
, , . .
(4),
(5).
.
352 . XVI.

, . . ,
, (4),
', ', ' , , z.

,
.

,
.

'= , '= , z = kz, k>0,

, ( ).
.
,
,
.
,

,
.


.

, ;
,
:
' = * + 12+ ,
\ + + ,
' = ci3lx -(- ,/ + aSiz.
,
.
(4) -
, ,

11 13
,, 23 = 1
31 32 33

..
22 + 1

, ;
.
. XVI . 353


,
, .
,
'= , X
, .
/, ,
(4) :
( X) 1+ |8/ + = 0,
2114' (22-- 423= 0>
3114- 32' 4- (33 X) = ,
X
X cil3
2 22 X .,3 = .
31 32 33 ^
.
.

' = 4 - 12/ / 4 ' ,
' = 4- 4- 23,
' = 3 1 * 4 - // 4 - ,

, ,

, . .


, ,

, .

17 .

,
.
,
, , ,
,
, ,
', .

: , *

12 . . .
354 . XVI. II [1867

, '
IV , ', '
, I V , '
.
.,
, '
', ,
, ',
' .

1867. ,
0 ( 0 , 0, 0), , ( 1, 0, 0) (0, 1, 0)
, -,(0, 0, 1) ( 1 , 1, 1).
1868.
,
' = 2 - \ - y - \ - z 1, y ' x - \ - z 1, z' 2: 2.
1869. ,
(
).
1870. ,
.
1871. ,
Oz.
1872. ,
, ( 1 , 0, 0), (0, 1, 0), ,( 0 , 0, 1)

0 \
, , ..
.
1873. ,
Oz x O z
y O z , , Oz,
, , ,
.
1874.

' \\ ~
' = \ ~\~ 2 + a 23z,
z ' = a 9lx + a 9ty + a t t z,

.
, ,
1 8 7 9 ] . XVI. 3 5 5

,
.
1875.*
' = 2 -(- , ' = -f- 2, z' = -j- 4 oz.
1) ,
, .
2) ,
, ?
1876*.
= -f* ~|_ 3 z , = ~| -j- 2 , z = -f-
(~ Z.

,

;

.
1877*.

X ' = ClxX + C u y + CxzZ,
' = -\- + c2iz,
= + 2 + 0 ,
.
,
.
1878*.
/ 1 -\- 12_-(- , j2,
=* + tt y I- ,
*' = c x - |- c a8.y-f- c 33z.

. .

11 12 13 \

1879*. = j , , 23 -
^31 ^32 ^33 /
; ,
(. );
' ;
3 5 6 . XVI. II [ 1 8 8 0

.
{, b , },
, ', ,
?
1880*.
, II .2 .2
* = I 5 Jf + T6^ + T 2r*
14
15 5^-
.1 .2
+ + 3*-
,
.
1881*.
1
-
~2
1 1

Z =
V 2 4- FZZ
V 2 Z.
,
,
, .
1882*. ,
= { , } ,
.
X V II




,

,
.
, ,
.
.
(
) .
,
,
.

,
,
, .

.
.
Oxyz.
,
Oxyz , , . , , , 1
xx= kx, = , 3= kz, = -\, ,
1 .

: = , y = ^ f, z= ^ .
, ,
= {:1, , '3}.
xv , xs, 0,
, .
, 3, 4 : ( -, ::3:4).
, : , (1:0:0:0),
: 0 2 ( 0 : 1:0:0), Oz:
03 ( 0 :0 : 1 :0); : 04( 0 :0 :0 : 1 ), :
12 . .*
358 . X V II .

( 1 : 1 : 1 : 1 ) .
:
CjA, 4-2*2+ * + a4A4= 0, . ,
4= 0.

,, ,, 0 3, 0 4 ,
. ,, 0 2, 03, 0 4
.
,020304 .

.
,, , 03, 0 4
: , (an :tf,,: : 41), 0 (aS2:a22:a 32:ai2), 03 (13:29: 33:43),
0 4 (a, 4:a 24:a 31:a44), (, :2:3:),
(xt:xt:xt:x4).
/VI
0 020304 .''-^
:
Q*i = + a 12Q2y24 ]333+ , 44//4,
2= o 21Q,t/, + 22224 2333+ a 24Q4i/4,
Q,V3= Q31Q]//] -j- a32Q2y2-j- I33Q3(/3-j- 03.jQ4/4)
Q.V'4= Q41Qi{/i -(- G42Q2f/2 4 4(?// 4 a uQiUv
q,, q2, q3, q4 :
+ 1202 + + >4= ev
(? + 22Q2 + + 21Q4 = 2>
" 32Q2 f" " 34Q4 ~ ^'
40 ~ " 4 43Q3 ' 44Q4= ^4*
0 ,0 20 30 4 0 1(0 2, Os, 0 ,
:
, 02 (0 :1 :0 :0 ), 0 3 (0 :0 :1 :0), 04 (0 :0 :0 :1 ), ( 1 : 1 : 1 : 1 ) .
( 1 :0 :0 :0 ),

0 20 30 4, 0 ,0 30 4) 0 ,0 ,0 ., 0 ,0 20 3
:
+ ,,*, + 133+ 14*4= 0 (020304),
21*1 4 22*2 4 23*3 + = 0 (0 , 0 , 0.,),
31j 4 *2 + 33* + hS4.v4= 0 (0 , 0 , 0 .,),
41*1 42*2 4" 43*3 1 41*1 = 0 ( 0 , 0 20 3)
(,:2:3:4),
}:2:3:4
x1:x2:x3:xi :
__11*1 12*2 4 13*3 14*4 21*1 4 22*2 4 23*3 24*4
, _ l. _i_ ;-------------------------------------------------
111 4" 122 4 13^3 " 144 * 211 4 22^2 4 5334 24^4
4 32*2 + 33*3 4 31*4 _ _ 41*1 ' 42*8 + 43*3 + 44*1

31^1 + 32 4 33 4 314 41^1 442^2 4 43^3 4 44^4


. X V II . 359

0,0,0304
:
OtOtOx. A tx -\- -f CyZ + Dy = ,
0 3: 2 -}- 2 -{-CnZ -f- D. = ,
0X0 X02: A3x -f- B 3y + C3z -+D s = 0,
0y0203: 4--I- B xy + C,z + Dx= 0,

(.vn, y0, z0),


:
-f- Bytj + CyZ Dy _
2 + 2 -\-C2z + D t
1 0-\- Byij0-\-CyZ0-\-Dy ' " - /l2.v0+ B 2y0-\-C2z0-j- D2
_ Ay* 4~ B 3y -|- C az -f- D3 _ A.yX -f- -|- xz -|-Dx
3 0-\- B 3y 0-r-C3z0-]- D 3 ' * A 4.v0+ B i!/o -J-40-|- D 4

, , 02, 03
, , Oz,
04 ,

.
/VJIV (.v,:.v2:.v'3:0) (*,:aV.v3:,v4),
0, 04 OjOjOj,
1V(1:1:1:0), 0i0203
0j0203 iv M IV x x: x t \xv
(:2:3:),
030, 002 0304/ /,2 (',:-:0:0),
,2( 1:1:0:0) 030,
0y02E lt 12
:.

+ 22-J-/3* 3- = 0.
:2:3:, ,
, .
, , 2, 3, ,
, .
,
(,::,:4), (bx:b2: 3:), (,:,: 3:4),

, :
*1 3 = , + &, +
, -2= + 2 + *,
3 3= 3+ &3-|-3,
Ci * t ,v4 = + 6 4 + 4,

, ,

, , .
12**
300 . XVII.

,
(\2'.3\) (bi :b.,\b3:b.l), :
A 'j ^ a a j + pfrj, x = a a 2-\-f)b ,, ,v3 = a a 3 + f563, * 4 = a<z4 + |3fr4,


/1 .
,
(,: 2: 3:4) (,:>2:3:4), :
, ~ a v t -f- ptOj, u 2 a v 2 + (3ui;2, .3 = a u 3 -j-|3ii'3, 4 = 4 + |>4

( , ).
:
A (a 1:c 2:a,:a4), (:2:3:),
C [ ( a a 1+ 1 3 /;1) :( a o 2 -|-p&2):(a a 3 + pb3):(a a 4 + (3i)4)],
D [(?a, + \xby):(Xa2+ \ib2):(Xa3+ &8):(4-J- &4)]

( / 1BCD) = - ^ - .


.
0 [ { :21:3}:.),
0 2 (a , 2:a22:a32:a42), ' (al3:a2i:a33-a.i3), ' (aJ4:eM:o:a41),
' (}:2:3:), x ,:. v 2: a' 3:,v 4
00030 [: 2:3:
0'''3 ' :
0*1 = 0''- + ^*! "^04*4>
QA-' = a i l Qlx 1 + a 22Q2x 2 -I- a 2SQj,v3 + c 24q4a-4,

Qx's a^QyXy -(- a32o2A'2-j~ ^-^ H- ^3404*4>


0*4 = ai2QzX2 H"40*5 4 a-n04*4
Qj:q2:q3:(?4 :
a iiC?i + 4" 0 * 0 I4Q4 = 0<? a 3\Qi " (?2 - 0 " 04 = 0 >
^2l0l + a 22Q2 -j- -20 ~ a 24().j = QC2, -1 4 40 " , 1Q., = Q<?4.

, -
.
, ,
, ,
,
.

.
. X V II . 361

,
, ,

.

:
(', 1 -{- C jjX j |- Qjj-Vj -{- , QX3 ; 31*1 32*2 33*3 f 31*1
( t
Q X n ==z Clnj.Vj "f- 22*2 Ht ^ 23*3 4 24*4 Q*4 : 41*1 + 42*2 43*341*4

A'l (x , :x2:xa:x j , - {x ^ x ^ .x ^ x j . ,

11 12 13 14
21 22 23 2.
7^0
31 32 33 31
41 42 43 44

.

:
A vx -\- - f ,2 + , _ -\ 2 -}- -)- 2
-]- -(- 4 - D.J - f + 4 Dt
, A 3x + B 3y + C3z + D s
+ + C,xz + D.t

(, , ) , ' (', ', ') . ,

\ B j Dy
2 8 , D,

3 3 3 D3
4 . , Di


.
, ,


.
, ,
, ,
.

.
,
: ,
, N ,
362 . XVII.

; , N,
.
, /VI ,
.
/V,
( ),
( ).
,
( ),
( ).
/,
/VI I ;
I I '
.

:
QU J = O j f X j - j 0 \ 2 2 " I " 1 5 - ' 3 1 1 4 * 4 > QUJ = - j - O j2 * 2 f" 3 3 * 3 + 34*4*

QU2 3* + 22*2 2 " + 24*4> Q 4 = 4 1* 1 + 4**2 + - * - 3 l

M (:2:3:) , (\2.3\^
. ,

11 12 13 :
21 22 23 .
31 32 33 ;
41 42 43 <
.
,
, ( a
M(jc, :*,:*,:**)
N (- -\) :

( 1 1 * ! + 12*1 + 1 3 * 3 + 14*4) + ?2 ( 2 1 * 1 + 2 2 * 2 + 23*3 + * 4 * 4) +

+ (31*1 + 32*2 + 33*3 + 31* 4) + (41*1 + 42*2 + 4**3 + 41* 4) == *


( ^ ^ ,:^ )
n^ v^.v^v 3:4) :

12 13 14
21 22 23 24 .
31 32 33 34
41 42 43 44
1 ^2 ^3 U4 0

( ^ + 122+ + 4) v { -f- ( ^ 21j + A22u 2 -f- 233+ A u ux)v z~\~


+ ,+ ^322 + ^333+ A3lUi) 3 +
+ (-^411 + /^422+ -^43*+ 4= ,
. X V II . 363

, -1

11 12 13 14

21 22 23 24
3, 32 33 31

42 43 41

( 02.3.) ,*, + 22+ *1 +


-|- uixl = 0 :
qo, = /1, -!- 122 133-|- ,
qci2 2,'/, -f- A 22u 2-\- 2 3f /14,
qo, = , -i- A 32u 2- I - 35 , - /3 4 4 .
04= 4,, -j~ 422 -|- 438-j' 44.

,
.

:
\ -I- 22\ -|- al3x\ -j- \ + 2ax2xvx2+ 2a13.v,.v3 -f-
-i- 2auxlxl -I-2 a23x2xt + 2 2H-2313= 0.

, ,
,
.
AI (,::3:.,)
:

( , + 122+ , 3 3 -[- .,) -|- ( 21 , + 222+ : , 3 + 2 4) 2+


+ (3,, + 02 - f 333 + ,, 4) 3 + (41, + ai2a2+ 3-+- 414) = 0.

,
.
,
,
/ ,
, /VI, .
(,: ,: 8: 4),
,

(an x l + 22I + 33 23 + . ; + 2 a ,.x tx g -1- 2a13A',.v3 + 2 au x tx t +


+ 2 2 + 2 2 + 2 a 3tx 3x.i ) ( ; + a 22a * + * + * +

+ 2 12 2 + 2 a , , a , a 3 + 2 , , , 4 + 2 a 2 ia 2a s + 2 2., 2 4 + 2 34 3 4)

[( 11 ! + 3 - f a l4a 4) ' ' ( 2 + 22 + 25 3 + 4) * , +


+ ( 31 , - + 33 3 + 31 , ) .v3 + ( , + 4 2+ 43 3+ 41 4)'4] = 0 .
364 . XVII.

, 1A'1+ H 2X2-|-W3A's -j-4,V4= 0


, ,
, :

11 J2 13 1

2 1 22 23 24 2

31 32 33 3 3 = 0 .

41 42 13 44 1
, U, 3 4 0

().

II 12 13 14 1

21 22 23 24 2

31 32 33 31 3 ( 1 ~v A:iu -j- .<4j3M3-f- 444 -j- 22} "


41 42 43 41 4 - f 2 4 , , , j + 2 1 -\-22 -j- 22424 +
//, 2 3 0 -b 2,434),

. ,

11 12 13 14
21 22 23 24
31 32 33 34


( ),

.
,

:


.

,
.

,
(. . . 365).

> 0, < 0.
,
\ + \ -1- 33+ \ -{- 2 1 + 2 +
+ 2 14* 1*4 + 2aiax2xs + 2au x2xA-1-2a3lxxxx= 0 ,
1885] . X V II . 365

, ,

/ 12 13 14 \
2, 22 2. ,
1 31 .12 3 3 3 j
\ 12 13 41 /
2 1.

\ + \ + + * = 0
4 \ + + \ ! =
A'i + 1 14 =

x'i "\ - \ 0
3
\ -J-\ \ = 0

'1' 0
2
\ '* = 0

1 ,Vj = 0


,
, ,
. 1,
, .

1883. , :
1) / 1( 1: 0: 1:2) ( 1: 1 : 0 : 2);
2) (2: 1: 0: 1) v ( 6 : 0 : 1 : 3).
1884. -}- 2 +- 3 = 0.

,
1) , = 0? 2) 2 = 0? 3) = 3 = 0?
1885.
1 1 + 2 2 + 3 3 + 4* 4 = 0, 1>2 2 -f 3 -|- , = 0.
366 . X V II . [1886
, :
1)

; = )\, ,^=0, / = 1, 2, 3, 4, ;
2)

a i = 'kbh = 0 , i 1, 2, 3,
:4 = 0;
3)
:
ai kbi, ==0, = 1 , 2,
:3 = 0, 4 = 0 .
1886. ,
.
1887. ,
, :
1)
A ( a 1: a 2: a t : a i ), B ( b l :b2:b3: b J ,
' { \ : \ a t \a[) ' [\ ' :' :')\
2)
a ( u t :u1 :ut :ui ) v ( v l : v 2: v 3: v 4) ,
*( :!:' ;') {/(-': / : / :**/);
3) A ( a 1: a 2 : a i : a i)
B ( b 1:bt :bl :bi ),
(//,:3 :4) v ( v t : v t : v 3: v j .
1888. :
4 (1 : 1: 0: 4) ( 2 : 0 : 4:3),
(2:5: 3:0) >(3: 2: 2: 1) .
, / ( 2 : 0 : 1 : 3)
.
1889. ,
2 + = 0 ,
( 2 : 3 : 0 : 4) ( 0 : 3 : 4:0),
( 2 : 0 : 3: 0) >(1:5:4:3).
1890. ,
0 0 2 0 , 0 4
.
1891. ,

0 0 2 0 S0 4 .
1901] . X VII. 367

1892. ,
0 , 0 4.
1893. ,
,
.
1894. ,
,
, ,
.
1895.
, , = 0, 2 = 0
= 0, = 0.
1896. ,

.
1897* , ,
, .
1898. :
2 F { x v x v x v * 4) = 0, 2 ( x tt 3, x j = 0.
( x l : x 1: x i : x A)

.
,
, ( , : : 3: ) B ( b l :bt :b3:bi).
1899. :
2 F ( x , , z ) = 0, 2 (, , z ) = 0, 24' (*, , *) = 0.

/VI( ,, , z j .
1900.
- \ - - \ -
+Cz-\-D 0
, :
2 F ( x , , z ) = 0, 2 (', , z ) = 0, 2; (, , z) = 0.
1901. ,

* 2 = 2 z
2 F (, , z ) 0.

2 . 1) 3; 2) 6; 3) 1; -J) 9. 3 . 1) 8; 2) 5; 3) 4. 4 . 1) ; 2 ) 1;
4 3 2
3) g ; 4) 0; 5) . 5 . (ABC) -g-, ( ACB ) g- ,

( BCA) = j , ( B A C ) = ~ j , (CAB) = I () = - |. 6. ( )=

= - 1 - ? ., ( ) = -, ( )= - - ^ 1, ( ) - ^ ^ ,

(/) = 7 . 1) J l 2) 3) 0; 4) 3; 5) . 8 . 1) 6;

3 ^(1 -1-fO (\ 1 + !l
2) j ; 3) . ii. ((?) = - ) +*

2 - ! ! + l ! ( v - (o - , - 14- 7- , 5- 1)0;
2) 3) ; 4) 1; 5) ; 6) 1.

16. , 1 ,
1 0) 0)
; 1) tg 2a, sec2 a, cosec2 a, ctg2 a, cos2 a, sin2 a; 2) 1, 2
CO 1
21 . .1- 77 . 8
5 .

2 0 . ii . ,
,., ,;. 2 1 . 5, ^ I, = 3.
22. = I.
23. '(3). 24. 1.2 5 . 5.2 6 . ' = j x + j . 2 7 . ' = ,
9 > 2 3 3
> - > . ~ f ' ~ ~ ' ~ '


29.
,
.
3 0 . ' = . 3 1 . , . 3 2 . , -\- , - , ^ .

69] 369

3 3 . II ;
,
.
3 4 . 1) ; .
2) ; , > 0
| |
, < 0.
__ , 1 b
3 5 . -------.

38. 1) ' = 2 + 19; 2) ' = 2 + 5; 3 ) '= - ~ + -^;

4) - ' = ( - 1= ); 5) ' = 4 + 4 1 .
__ , , , ~\-
3 7 . = -.------ , a r= 1. 3 8 . *'= *-\ ------------ 5--------- .
1
3 9 . . 4 0 . 1) . 2) . 3) . 4 1 . 1) . 2) . 3) .
5 ' '2 ,'
4 3 . ' = ~ 7. 4 4 . ' = ------ - -|- ------------ -.
2 '[ '2 .V,
4 5 . I) : '= + ,
; 2) x' = x-j-a

(,v' = + ) (' + ).
4 9 . (0, 0). 5 (1 , 0), C ^ j , D(\, V J), (0, YJ) ,
1 Y J
2 2

50. >1(0, 0), (I, 0), C (i l), D (0, 1),

I).
5 /1 ( - 4 , 0), (4, 0), C ( 1, 3), D ( 1, 3), M ( o , 5 ( 0 ,4 ) .
5 2 . (5, 3), D (2, 7) ( 1, 5) D ( 4, 1).
53. 1) ( x, ); 2) [x, y)\ 3) ( x, y)\ 4) (y,_x);
5) ( - , x). 54. D ( 1, 2). 55. 1) 5; 2) V 34; 3) 13; 4) V 2.
5 6 . 1) V~137] 2) 5; 3) 11; 4) 13. 5 7 . (14, 0) ^0, .
5 8 . (0, 10). 5 9 . A B C .
6 0 . (7, 0), ( 17, 0), (0,9 + 10 Y ~ 2 ) ( 0 , 9 - 1 0 Y ~ 2 ). Bl.nV]
6 2 . (2, 2), ( 12, - 1 2 ) , (6, - 6 ) , ( 4, 4). 6 3 . ( 5, 4).
/6 4 ., ( 1, 2), r = 5. fti5* (2, 5), D (16, 3).
66 . (2, 1 0 )./6 7 . /VI, (1, - 1 ) , , = 1; 2 (5, 5), r2 = 5.

68. 1)1; 2) I : 3) ~ T - 69 D ( 2> (9 > 5 )i

(- ! . ({ I).
370 [70

70. 1) ( - 1 , 5); 2) (0, 0); 3) ( I , I ) . 71. ( , ) (0, -11).

7 2 X = J ('Vl + * * + * * ) J f a + .v*+ *)-


73. ( 3, 3), (7, 5), ( 3, 3). 74* (0, 7). 75. (10, 9),
D (4, 4). 76. 4. 77. (12, ). & 0 (8 , 18).
79. (0, 1), D (4, 4).f80i (3, 1), (0, 8).
81. ( 3, 82. = 2. [83; (160, 131),
( 225, 184).
84. ~:~=3, BK:KN = ~ ,
5
. AD
.
85. AD = ^ ~ . 86. ( - 8 , - 7 ) (, - 1 ) . 87. ( I ,
33 100\ __ 10
13 , 13
TR, 88. 2 . 8 9 . (0, 5), = 5.

9 0 . ( 2, 1 ) .[ 9 D ( l l , 7). 9 2 . ( 5 , 4j )
9 3 .
,

, *
2 25
= , = j-j .
9 4 . ,
,
3
= \ , = . 95. * = 8,2, // = 6,2.
9 7 . "2, ,
.
9 8 . 7. 9 9 . 12,5. 1 0 0 . 1) 4; 2) ; 3) 13. 1 0 1 . 102. 3 2.
103. (32, 0); ( 8, 0). 1 0 4 . (5, 2) (2, 2). 1 0 6 . (, 0),

( , (2 , ! ) , ( , ! ) , ( , 1 0 7 .1 ) = / $

2) C D =10; 3) EF = 5. 108.

109. 1) ( , 2) ( ,

. (2, ] ). (, ) . c ( l % ) . D ( 5, ) . ( 5. *
I l f . __S = 1. *12. ( 1, 3) , ( 1, 1), (0, 5),
D
\
134] 371

113. ( "2 , ( 2, | J , C ( 5, 0). Il4-e=10,coscp = - i ,

sin<p = - - | . 115. (2 + 5 , 8).

116. /, ( % Mt ( l t ~ 117. (-5 , 4), (-1 2 ,5 ),


( - 7 , 3).
118. '(6, 2), ,'(7 .
- 2 ) , '( 6 , 1); ( 6, 2), , ( 5 ,2 ),
( 6, 3).
119. 1) - = 2-' + 7//' + 3 , // = 5-' + 9//' + 1; 2) = 5'+3,
//=4/ + 5; 3) 7\ 2' + 2; 4) - = :', =
5) = ', '.
1 2 0 . 1) * = 3 * ' 8 0 ' + 5, </ = *' + ' + 4 ; 2) .v = jc' / / ' + 1 ,
= '\ 3) ' = / + , 6' + />.
121. ' -\- 2, */' = 2.V // + 3; 0' { - j , \ {0 , 3 ) ,

' ( 0 , 2); ( - 2 , 3), , ( 1, 5), , ( - 1 , 2).


1 2 2 . 0' (3, 2), [ = { 2, - 1 } , ' = { 5, 2 J.
1 2 3 . = 6.v' + ' 4, = 2' + 6*/'+2.
124. 0 (0 , 0), ( | , } ) . ( - } . {)
2 , 1 , 1 1 , . 2 , , 1
125. * = - : J + , = j X - j - g- y + 3 -.
/ 126 : /1(0, 0), (1, 0), (2, 1), D (2, 2),
(1, 2), F (0, 1).
: (1, 0), ( ,

D (0, 0), ( ~ - 4). F ( 0, 1).


1 2 2 ^ 1 2
127. x= 1 x - - j y + j , j, = - ^ * ' + T y- + .

128. -' = (.V -|- /) cos , ' ( : + tj) sin .

x'COS <0 + ' X ' 4 ' COS (0


1 2 9 . ' = --------- -------- , y ------- f ------ - .
sin (o sm (o
1 Y 3~ l^ T 1
1 3 0 . -V = ' ------ - ' 4, = - - '- ' +2.

,, 4 , 3 , - 3 , , 4 , 0
131. x - -frx J 3, // = J X + J 2. ,

132. (2, 3). ( 1 3 3 . /1 (3 I7"3" , 1), ( . , ( 3 , - )

jl3 j4 j 4 2 , 2 } / 2"), ; ( 3 Y T , 2 / ),
( " 2, 2 2 ).
372 [135

~2
1 3 5 . ' = -
~2 ' ', ~~------~2 ~2
*! 2~ (
' '
45 135 ).

. * ' - ! + 2, ,,'+ .

,37. X=> L = K + 3 = + + 9
Y
1 3 8 . 1) (, 0); 2) ( 2, 3); 3) (4, 0).
13 9 . 1) coscp==0, sin 1, = 270 -}- 360 /;
3 7 / 3
2)cos<p = ----- -^=, sin = 9 = arccosf - f- 2 /;
J/58 " - 58 ^

3) c o sy sin = ; , = 315 + 360/;

4) cosy = -p^=r, sin y = - ^ ~ = 4 5 + 360/;

1 ~3
5) c o sy = y , sin = - , = 60 + 360/;
1 12 12
6) cos = - __ sin = _, = aresin r^ . 4- 2/:;
Y 145 \4 \4
k .

141. 1) cos sin(P= ^ y tg = I, = 45 + 360/;

2) cos = yrz^., sin = -----I tg == 1, = 315-(-360&;


V2 2
3) cos = 1, shup = 0, 1 = 0, 180 + 360/;
4) cosq) = 0, sin = 1, tg = 270+360/;
1 3
5) , 1); 6) cos , = -----:
V10
t g .

J 4 2 . 1) d 13, c o s y = , sin = ; 2) d 10, cos = 5 . ,


1 1 5
4 _ , 3 4
sin ; 3) d , cos = --, sin = .
0 0
1 4 3 . 1) {4, 3}; 2) ) 45, 24}; 3) { 15, 20}.
144= '' = X COS sin , ' = X sin -]- COS .

145. ( - |~ 2 ) .
146. D ( 5, 7), (0, 9) >'( !, 3), '(4, 1).
171] 373

1 4 7 . , ( , 2 ( -jj-, j . .
> 5
= arc tg -g*

^^ . ( 4 8 . 2.
2 cos
149. (4, 3),
D ( 2, 5). .
, D ,
* JT
MB , ^ '
1 5 0 . , (4 V "3 , 2 + 2 V 3 ), , ( 4 + / , 2 2 \ ).
1 / . 2 (/ -1 ) . . . 2: (/ 1)
151. ( -o+ (.V, '0) cos----- --------- (//, i/o) sm ------ ------,
. . 2 ( / - 1 ) , . . 2 ( 1)\
+ (''I '') s m ----- ------ f (</, ) c o s ----- ----- 1.

1 5 2 . { , cos (, + 2 COS Cl), + c?3 co s 3, , sin , + sin co ,+ a 3sinco3}.


1 5 3 . ( + rf, co s ,+ . . . + rf coscp, y 0 + d 1 s in c p ,+ . . . + d nsln<p).

154. 1) o>= ~ , | * , | = 2 , I * , | = 1; 2) co = | , J^, ] = 1, \ \= 1;


4 4
3) cos = , I*, | = 2, \ez\= o\ 4) cos = , \c{ \= 2, | ez | = 5 .
0
155. I I = 78. 156. |a |= 3 0 . 157. ,

158. n= I <?i I2 = 4 , g , 2 = ] <?,| = 9, = | , I I ^2 I cos =


1
= 2-3 j = 3, d = \r gux2+ 2gnxy + g22y2
= V 4 ( 4 )- -f 2 - 3 - ( -i) -G + 9 - 6 2 - K 244 .
159. = 6, AC = 4, / = | . 1 6 0 . = ^ + 2/.

161. I e, I = 2, \et \= l, [ e ^ c 2) = ~ .

162. '' = 1, A 'C = 5 , s A ' = ~ .



163. 3x // + 4 = 0. 164. 1) x V 3 // = 0; 2) x ;/ = 0
3) / y = 0; 4) V "3 x + y ^ 0 ; 5)_x + y = 0; 6) * + ]/" 3 y = 0.
J65. ^' + 3 //+ 1 = 0 , 0) .

166. 1) / = 2, a = 2, = 4; 2) / = a = 3, 6=2;

3) = =-1. 4) * = 4 a = - 2 = >
5) / = ^ 3 \ a = 1, O . 558. 5.v -\-y 13 = 0.
1 6 9 . jc + -I-2 = 0. 171. (0, 0); 2.V + 3// 12 = 0.
374 [172

1 7 2 . 1) 0 + 2 = 0; 2) 20 = 0; 3) 1 = 0 ; 4) 0 + 3 = 0.
1 7 3 . 8 0 = 0. 1 7 4 . 3 = 0, 0 + 2 = 0. 1 7 5 . + 80 9 = 0.

1 7 6 . 135s. 1 7 7 . arctg . 1 7 8 . 5 + 7 0 -1 1 = 0 .
179. 7+ 0 + 18 = 0. _ _ _
= 0; 0 = 2 V 3 ; 0 = V + 5 V 3 ; + 5 V 3.
'5 + 30 15 = 0. 1 8 2 . + t/ 6 = 0. 1 8 3 . x 2 4 = 0.
1 8 4 . S = 9. 1 8 5 . 2 + 5 // 1 0 = 0.
1 8 6 . + 2 //6 = 0, + 80 + 12 = 0.
187. = 3 4/, 0 = 5 + 2/. 18 8 . = 6 + 7/, 0 = 4 3/.
189. = 3 + 3/, 0 = 5/. 9 0 . , = - V 31, y = t .
191. 1) = 2/, , , = - - | + /; 2) = 4 + 2/, / / = / ; 3) = / ,

tj = 3 / + 5; 4) = 2, 0 = / ; 5) = /, 3, 6) = 3/, = 2/.
19 2 . + >/ 1 = 0 , 7 + 5?/ 34 = 0.
1 9 3 . 1) ( 1 , 2); 2) ; 3)
; 4) ( 5, 0); 5) ;
6) ; 7) ( 4, 10); 8) ;
9) .
1 9 4 . 1) (15, 10); 2) ;
3) .
; 2) ( 4, 3);
3) ; 4) (4, 6); 5) ;
6) .
1 9 6 . 4 50 + 17 = 0. 1 9 7 . 2 0 13 = 0.
1 9 8 . ,
.
199. 9 = 0 3 0 + 13 = 0. 2 0 0 . 50 + 9 = 0; 0 + 3= 0;
X 3 i / + l l = 0 . 2PJU-X30 7 = 0; 2 + 503 = 0. 2 0 2 . + 40
16 = 0; 5 + 30 1 = 0 ; 2vv0 7 = 0. 203. + 7 = 0.
2 0 4 . 5 70 3 = 0; + 0 + 3 = 0; 7 5 9 = 0. 2 0 6 . 7=0;
20 10 = 0. 2 0 7 . + 203 = 0; 2 / 6 = 0; + 2023=0;
2 0-1-14 = 0. 2 0 8 . 2 + 0 1 = 0 ; 2 0 + 1= 0; 630+ 19= 0 ;
6 + 3 0 19 = 0. 2 0 9 . 9 + 120 + 20 = 0; 5 120 + 36 = 0. 2 1 0 . 1),
3), 5), 6). 211. 2 + 30 26 = 0. 2 1 2 . 91 260 2 = 0. 2 1 3 . -
- 4 0 + 1 2 = 0. 214. (2, -7 ). 215. (2, 3). 216. ^ ;

( )- (1- > - !) ^
*>
2 2 0 . 0 3 = 0 (); 4 + 50 20 = 0 (); \2 \ = 0 ( ).
221. 39 90 4 = 0. 2 2 2 . 2 + 7// + 22 = 0; 7 + 20 13 = 0,
0 + 2 = 0. 2 2 3 . '15 135. 2 2 4 . 5 + 16 = 0, 50 + 2 = 0.
2 2 . 72 0 = 0, 12 + 7 0 = . 2 2 6 . !, (4, 0), , ( 1, 5).
2 2 7 . 1) 5; 2) 7; 3 ) - ^ ; 4) . 2 2 8 . 2 0 + 4 = 0. 2 2 9 . 3 + 0 +
+ 16 = 0. 2 3 0 . / ) , ( 7, 15); /1,(9, 9). 2 3 1 . 12 0 23 = 0,
26 70 + 7 1 = 0 , 2 5// + 1 = 0 , 8 + 90 25 = 0, 14 + 230 +
+ 6 5 = 0 , 2 50 + 1 = 0.
261] 375

.

.
7 16'
2 3 2 . // + 1 = 0 , 3.V // 1 = 0 , 2// + 5 = 0, , 5 , 5 1
/1 1 12 \
+ 1 = 0 , 3// + 5 = 0, 2 2 = 0, - j,
2 3 3 . : ' + 3 = 0 , : 2 1 \ + 2 8 = 0 , : - 4</ + 17=0,
: 2 + // + 4 = 0. 2 3 4 . 7, 2, .
2 3 5 . , /8 .
. , A1t, A1S, Afe
, Mj, 17 .
236. t . 240. (0 + 0+ ) (, + 0+ D) < 0.

241.

2 4 3 . 1) ; 2) ; 3)
.
2 4 4 . , , D '
, .
2 4 5 . 1) ,2 ||/ ; 2) MjM2 1[ /; 3) , /2
/; 4) /
Af,; 5) I 1,2
12.
2 4 6 . ,
.
2 4 7 . 2- ,
3- . , 1-
2- 3- 3-
2- . , 3-
1- 2- 2-
1- . D ,
1- 2- 3- .
.
2 4 8 . 2 // + 3 = 0 /V1,M,
, . * .
33
2 4 9 . cos = ~= -=. 2 5 0 . .
/ 5 3 26
2 5 1 . 1) ; 2)
; 3)
; 4) ; 5)
; 6) ;
7) , .
2 5 2 . 5 2// = 0. 2 5 3 . 2 5 + 29// 2 1 = 0 . 2 5 4 . 3 8 19// +
+ 30 = 0. 2 5 5 . 3 2 9 = 0, 32// 1 9 . 2 5 6 . + /; 6 ^ 0 . 2 5 7 . 8
4 9 //+ 20 = . 2 5 8 . 91 26// 2 = 0. 2 5 9 . 5 + // 16 = 0,
5// + 2 = 0. 2 6 0 . 7 6 + 1 9 = 0, 9 + 2// + 5 = 0. 2 6 1 . + 4 = 0,
40 + 20 = 0.
376 [262

D
2 6 2 . A > 0 Ax - f + ' = 0 -
1
. ?. = 0
. 0 > , > 1 +
+ + = 0 .
1 > X > -J- + D 0
.
1 1112 7 1
263. 2, 4 , 4 0. 2 6 4 . - 4 = , -4 = . 2 6 5 . 78, 273, 70.
5 5 5 /
2 6 6 . + 12// + 64 = 0, 5 + 12// 66 = 0. 2 6 7 . 7 2 + 57 = 0,
7 2 49 = 0. 2 6 8 . - 4 = . 2 6 9 . 1) 6 + 1 = 0 , 2// 9 = 0;
1/58
2) 64 + 8// + 11 = 0,_1 4 112^ + 4 1 = 0 ; 3 )_* = 0, = 0; 4) (3 +
+ / 5 ) + 2 ( 2 + / 5 ) = 0; ( 3 - / 5 ) + 2 ( 2 - & ) = 0.
2 7 0 . ( - , 0 V (, | 271. (, 6), ( - 1 , j ) . 272. (-10, 1),
( - 4 , 3). 2 7 3 . (5, 5), ( - 3 , 11), (3, 19) (11, 13). 2 7 4 .
2 1 = 0 , 1 = 0 . 2 7 5 . \2 32 = 0. 2 7 6 . 10 = 0,
--}-4 = 0. 2 7 7 . + 2// 5 = 0. 2 7 8 . (3 V 3 ) + 4 = 0. 2 7 9 . +
-f- 4/ - f - l = 0 , 1 3 + 1 6 // 23 = 0. 2 8 0 . 4 + 3// + 3 = 0, + 1 = 0 .
2 8 ! . + 4// 64 = 0, + 4?/ 14 = 0, 2 = 0, 4 3// +
+ 48 = 0, (0, 16), (8, 10), (2, 2) ( 6, 8). 2 8 2 . * 2 / / 4 = 0.
11 11 \ /9 9
2 8 3 . (3, 5) ( - 3 7 , 45). 284. ^ _ - t - y j g
285. + 2 + 3 = 0, + 2// + 7 = 0 2 //+ 3 = 0, 2 //+ 7 = 0 .
286. (, / 2 ) (0, 3 / 2 ) . 287. - ) , ( - , ) ,

(!'_ - ) { - { ' I)' 288 ^ 2,1- (/ = 0, 2 2 --1 9 = 0.


4( / 2 1 2 ) + ( / 2 1 + 3 2 ) = 0, 4 ( / 2 1 + 2 ) + (32 / 21)// = 0.
289. (8, 1) ( ^ , 290. (, 1). 2 9 1 . // + 9 = 0,
3 = 0, + 3// + 7 = 0.
2 9 2 . : 0, // = 5 20 + 21 // 20 = 0, 20 +
+ 21// 165 = 0.
.
, ,
.
2 9 3 . : 3 / / + 1 = 0 , + 12 = 0, + 1 = 0 ,
+ // + 10 = 0 7 + // 15 = 0, 7 + // 26 = 0, 7// + 7 = 0,
7 4 = 0 (. ).
2 9 4 . 12 + 4// 11 = 0 . 2 9 5 . + /, 14 = 0.
2 9 6 . 0, 7 5 6 //+ 25 = 0, 77 + 21 50 = 0 (.
).

297- ( I ~ } 298 ( - 2' - 6)-


2 9 9 . 4 4// + 5 = 0 (. ).
327] 377

___ 10:-j-56# 39 _ 0,
300. ------ = 0. 3 0 1 . N

- * -
3 0 2 . , ,
,
.
3 0 3 . ,
.
3 0 4 . , . 305. .
3 0 6 . ,
,

.
3 0 7 . ,( 1, 1), 1(2, 4), , (5, 3), 2 (4, 6).
'" .
.
3 0 8 . 4.V 3 1 = 0 , 2 1 = 0 ; 20 + 1 = 0 , 40 +
+ 1 = 0 . 3 0 9 . - f 4 2 = 0, 4 * + 30 5 = 0. 3 1 0 . 4 1 = 0 ,

6.V80 + 9 = 0. 311. - . 312. 120 + 57 = 0, 8 90 66 = 0.

31 3 . 30 + 9 = 0, 5 = 0. 314. ( , 2^, ( 1 .

31 5 . (19, 0), (21, 5). 3 1 6 . (1, 2), (5, 4) ( - j , ), ,


31 7 . ( 2 , - 4 ) , ( 1, 2) , (3,-4) (2, 0), ( 3 , - 6 ) , (1, 0).
3 1 8 . 2 30 + 20 = 0, + 2 0 9 = 0, + 50 3 = 0 2
6 = 0, + 2 0 + 17 = 0, + 50 3 = 0. 3 1 9 . 70 + 32 = 0,
0 + 2 = 0 .
3 2 0 . : (9, 3), ( 5, 5), ( 1 , 7); ( 9, 3),
(5; 5), ( 1 , - 7 ) ; ( 4 , - 2 8 ) , ( - 2 0 , - 2 0 ) , ( 6, 18); ( 4, 28),
(20, 20), (6, 18).
3 2 1 . 17 70 + 49 = 0, 7 3// + 23 = 0, 2 0 + 7 = 0
70-|-49 = , 5 3 0 + 19 = 0, 2 0 + 7 = 0.
3 2 2 . ' = .~~' .^ : ~ 2, ' 3 2 3 . 14' + 40' 3 = 0.

3 2 4 . 142 1830 489 = 0.


. ,
;
,
.
3 2 5 . 50 + 3 = 0. (1, 5), ( 3, 0), (2, 1).
. .
3 2 6 . + 0 12 = 0. (0, 0), (4, 8), (2, 10).
.
.
3 2 7 . ( 3, 7), ( 6, 10), (9, 17); 9 + 50 + 4 = .

13 . . .
378 1328

328. + 8// 17 = 0, Gx 17 = 0, 9x + 7 y + 17 = 0; ( 5, 4),


(3, 1). 3 2 9 . : x 3 = 0 5x 3// 1 = 0 .
3 3 0 . 3 : (1, 4), (3, 5), (14, 12),
16 + 13// 63 = 0, 17-)- 11// 10(3 = 0; ( 1,3), (3,5), ( 16, - 11) ,
14 +17// 37 = 0, 1+ 13// 113 = 0; (1, 4), (5, 6), (12, 13),
17 + 11// 61 = 0 , 19 + 7// 137 = 0.
3 3 1 . + 4 = 0, + 3// 5 = 0.
.
,
.
3 3 2 . + 7 6 = 0, 6 = 0, 7 + 10 = 0.
. , ,
.
3 3 3 . 4 + 2 4 = 0 , 5 + 1 2 //+ 16 = 0. 3 3 4 . + 3 # 13 = 0.
/ 183 79 \
3 3 5 . (2, 0) ( - 1 , 7). 3 3 8 . (1, 5)
V 29 29 /
3 3 7 . (1 + 1# + 1) ( ; ] * ^ ) = (1 + 2// + 1) | ^ * |
.
3 3 3 . (, + ,// + ,) ( ., + B.Bj) = ( + 2//-{-*) ( , 3+
+ B|Sj) .
3 3 S . (2 34 + 5 / 5 " ) + ( / 4 3 V b ) 7 )^ 3 4 ^ = 0 .
( D) ( C ' - D ')
3 4 0 . ~ = .. 3 4 1 .
) 170 I
I ! '
3 4 2 . ( . ^ . ,) ( ^ + ,///) ( 1+ ) > 0.
3 4 3 . ( . . + I , / 1 , , I
1 * 3 1 , , |
344. . 3 4 5 . ,
q. 3 4 S . . 3 4 7 .
, . 3 4 3 . .
3 4 9 . . 3 5 0 . 2 + //* = 4.
3 5 J . ,
. 3 5 2 . #0 + 0// = 0.
3 5 3 . ,
, .
3 5 4 . Oi<, .
3 5 5 . ,
, , .
,
,
, ,
. , ,
,
( ).
3 5 5 . . 3 5 7 . .
358. - = 1 , >! = > (, . 34).
~ ~
364] 379

3 5 9 . * = 2 (, . 35).
. ,
,
,
, -

. F D

.

. 31. . 35.

360, ^ + |g = l (). 3 6 1 . ^ -.= 1 ().

3 6 2 . f T + - l _ = l (). 3 6 3 . + - L = 1 ().

\ ) \ ^ )

. 36. . 37.

364. ,

,
: jf = a c o s y , // = 6 s i iu p
2 t)~
1 (, . 36).

13*
380 [365

3 6 5 . ( -f- 2)2 2Sxy (, . 37).


3 6 6 . .
3 6 7 . (2+ 2)2 22 (2 //2) = 4 bl ;
= (. 38).
2 2 2

368. R 2(*2 -+ 2) = 422. 3 6 9 . :3 -f ? /3 = 3 (. 39).

370. = . 371. r = 2acos . 372.


cos(p cosy

(xs + ) ( )2 22= 0 (. 40). 3 7 3 . *= a tg


/2+ 2) ( )2 22= 0 (. 41). 3 7 4 . r=*2a (cos 1),
('2 4 - 2)2 42 (2 + 2) (. 42). 3 7 5 . r = a cos + .

3 7 6 . = S' -- = ~ - (. 43). 377. r2= 2a2 c o s2


cos 2 u
(. 44).
3 7 8 . ( a)2 + (r/-~a)2= 2a2; (.V )2 + (-{-
+ )2= 22.
3 7 9 . r = asin2(p (2-\-2)3 4222 (. 45).
3 8 0 . = 22 , / = 2 tg ,
85
= . , , (. 46).
+ 4-
3 8 1 . 2 (1 2) 2 (ab + cos ) -\-2 2= 0. 3 8 2 . = ^- .

3 8 3 . x = ( R -]-r) cos t cos t, y = (R + r) s l n f r sin t


(, . 47).
3 8 4 . x = ( R r ) cost + r cos - - - - - t, y = { R r ) s i n f r sin r t
(, . 48).
381
382

I
412] 333

. ia V ( l-|? ) = ( r W -^ -H 2 V y .

3 8 8 . = (cos -ftp sin ), y = r (sin cos ) (


, . -19).
3 8 9 . 1) ; 2) ; 3) . 3 9 0 . ( + 1) +
+ 0 / - 3 ) = 16. 3 9 1 . : -\-2= 25. 3 9 2 . 1) S (3, 0), = 3; 2) S ( - 3 , ),

= 5; 3) S ( 5 ,-1 2 ), =15; A) S ( 1, = ~

3 9 3 . 1) ( !)* + ( / / + 2)* 5 = 0; 2) (jt + 1 Y + ( - | ) 3- ^ = ;

+ - - *
3 9 4 . , , D ,
.
3 9 5 . = + co s 0, = b -j- sin 0.
3 9 6 . 1)
S (I, 3) , 5;
2)
, 4 5
(1, 3); 3)
,
5 ,(1 , 2) S 2 (4, 6) 5 3; 4)
, ,
3 (3, 0) O.v;
5) , 2-\-2
4 = 0 = 1. 3 9 7 . ( 6)2 + ( 5) = 25* 3 9 8 . 2 +
+ // 2;/ = 0, 0. 3 9 9 . 2-\-2 2a.v = 0, ^ 0 .
4 0 0 . 2-\- 2 = 0.
4 0 1 . - + 2 + A .v + = 0;
: 2 /1 + + 5 = 0, + 2 + 5 = 0, /1 = 1, 3; +
3 = 0. 4 0 2 . 2 + 2 > 0. 4 0 3 . { 2)2 + ( 3) =0.

4 0 4 . ( 1)* + (</ + 3)* 68 = 0. 4 0 5 . ~ + 20 = 0. 4 0 6 . (. 3)2+
+ (// 2)2 26 = 0, (' + 3)2 + (/ 6)2 26 = 0. 4 0 7 . ( 3) + (
)2 9 = 0 .V2 + 2 G.v i // + 9 = 0 . 4 0 . .*2 + y= lx + Cy +
-1-4 = 0. 4 0 9 . 1) 2 1C = 0; 2) 2 4 = 0; 3) 2 = 2 1 = 0.
4 ! 0 . + + +
+ + = 0. ^ , : 5 + 2 + + = 0;

25 + 3/1 + 4 + = 0, ( - ) + + 1 = 0 .
. 2+ * 2 6 -j- 5 = 0.
411. 1+ 4 + 2 + (3 2 ^) = 0.
4 1 2 . (
)
(5.v -|-5 10) = (5. - 5 + 20) = (-- 7 ).
384 [413

Onto.
( * + ^ ) ! + ( ! /-3 )! - ^ = 0 . ( * + ! ) * + ( g - ) ' - ' - 0 ,

( 4 ) + ( - 3 )!- ^ = , (* + 1 ) + < + 8) ^ = 0.
413. S ( 3, 1), r = VAX. 414. S ( 1, 2).
415. (: + 4)+ (// 3) 1 = 0 , ( * + ^ j * + 1= 0 .

(x + 2) + (// 1)* 1 = 0 , ( .H - V + ( + 1) 1 = 0 .
( + 5) + (// 5) 25 = 0. (- + *)2 + ( / / - 1)2- 1 = 0.

~ !):+ ~ 2 = ( 4 + ( ^ 4 ) - 2= 0'
+ 1 - 2 = 0, [ * + +U _1Y _2=0.
4 2 0 . ( ) + (/_ ) - - = 0.
4 2 1 . (-4-2 2 5 ) ( - 2 + / ) 2 25 = 0, ( + I + 2 / ) +
-( 2 ) 2- 25 = 0. 4 2 2 . (--1-5) + (# + 3) = 25.
423.
(+ ) + (!/~) ~=0, ( * + | ) +(+<)'-
-=-
4 2 4 (* 6) + ( + 12)2 200 = 0. 425. ( * + 1= 0 ,
( - - ) / / - ^ = . 4 2 6 . : + - 2 2# = 0.

427.
) + - ! = . -
-f= 0 .

428. # 0 . -+ -- > , S ( ~ T ' l ) r =

(
\ j \ 2 j 25
x+ j ) H-fw ) = ~ y ,
( . / , 5 V 125
\X~2) + (/H"2 j = ~2~'
4 3 0 . 1) y ^ _ I a a -I- B{5 2C | < V + 2 4 ;

2) J + ff > a2 + 4;'3) J a -f- p 2CJ


^ - 2 ^ 2 + 2
= V^a2+ 4.
4 3 1 .
.
474] 385

432. 5 ( 1 , 4)
3; ,
^ 2 5 9 = 4.
4 3 3 ( 1, 1).
4 3 4 . < 0 . 4 3 5 . -02 + /,;-- -0 + % 0 + < 0 . 4 3 6 . 4 // = 0.
4 3 7 . 3/ = 0. 4 3 8 . + /, = 0. 4 3 9 . 2 + # 7 = 0 .
4 4 1 . 4< + 21 = 0 , 4# + 1 = 0 .
4 4 2 . + 4 = 0, 4 21 = 0.
4 4 3 . ( )2-{-(// )~ ( ~2 )2 = 0. 4 4 4 . 1) (Jt l) s -f-
+ (# + 3) = 25; 2) ( 701 )2 -f* ( 697)2 = 985. 4 4 5 . (2+ 2)/? 2
2 = 0. 4 4 6 . Atj + 14 = 0, 36 = 0. 4 4 7 . 1; 52; I.
4 4 8 . 3 \ . 4 4 9 . 2 Y 2.
4 5 0 . --\- . 4 5 1 . + 2// 8 = 0. 4 5 2 . 4 9 = 0 .
4 5 3 . 2 + (?/ 2)2 = 9. 4 5 4 . ( 4)2 + (// + 3)2 = 1. 4 5 5 . + 1 = 0 .
456. < + \-\ 1 1+ \ - ] 1
^2--2 1 : + ' : * 1
\+ \ ~ 1 a l + bl ~ r l ai 1
a, 1 t
1 1
* 1 2 , 1
3 1 3 , 1
457. '
^ + + =
./ * t, / , 2, =1
3, /

.
. Cj , 1 , , 1
* 1 , 1
, 1 , , 1
, , 1 , , 1
. 1 , , 1
; , 1 , ; 1
4 5 8 . ( 3, 7). 4 5 9 . ( + 3)2+ (/ + 7)2 41 = 0.
4 6 0 . ( 1)* + (// 2 )* = 1 , ( 4) + (</ 5)2= 25.
4 6 1 . 2 + 2 3// 10 = 0. 4 6 2 . + : + 18 28 tj + 27 = 0.

4 6 3 . X + tf 9 + by 45 = 0. 4 . 1) + . I; 2) s -h

+ l = l; 3>i S + J H 4 6 5 . ( 3, 0)

> .
4 6 9 . 1) ; 2) ; 3) ; 4) ;
5) .
4 7 0 . " + - = 32. 4 7 1 . 3 + 2 + 3//2 4 1//= 0.

472 . 1 ( 7
1. 473 . = 9. X- .
4 7 4 +"'11*
386 [475

4 7 5 . 1) = ^ - ; 2) = - ^ 3) = '
4 7 6 .( - L 5 3 j I ) .4 7 7 .^ .

478. , 2 4 7 3 . 24x + 25// 0. 4 8 0 . %x + 25# - 0.


2+ 2
4 8 1 . 32: - 25# 89 = 0. 4 8 3 . 3 * - # 24 = 0. 4 8 4 . 1) # = 4;
2) 16: 15// 100 = 0. 4 8 5 . + 5 = 0. 4 8 6 . 4# + 15 = 0.
4 8 8 . 3 = 0. 4 9 0 . 22+ 22 2= 0. 4 9 1 . # 3 = 0.
4 9 4 . 2 + # 2 = 2 + * 2. 495. < ^ + < * = * = 1.
... ( 5) /2 , (5)2#2,
496. - ^ + ^ = 1 - 53- + 7 * ^ = 1 .

4 9 7 . + * = ! + *. 4 9 8 . ^ + ^ = !.
1/

499. = . 500. ( 2 + 2)2= 4 (2* + ~2).


V ^
5 0 2 . .
5 0 3 . ,
. 5 0 4 . .
5 0 5 . 2, b .
xZ
5 0 6 . - + > 1 . -

( 2 if V ' # ( * 0** V
2"+ ~ ~
2
(X + f r azbT 4 c tg * a ( V i '--,
507.
2 2 1 ) =0.
it ,
= ~ 2 ~, - - f # = a + ().

\ + *' 2 1)2
5 . ctg a = ---------- .
2ab 1 / ~ , IJ~ t
V 2
5 !0 . 1) 2 2 + 2 2 > 0; 2) 2 2 -}- : < 0.

1
513. . 514. " + _ ! < ] . 5 J 7 .ab .
- ~
5 70] 387

5 2 7 . . 5 3 0 . , ,

. 5 3 1 . 1)

5 3 2 > - - ' = 2> - ' 5 3 3 - ^


534. J ^ _ | g = l. 5 3 5 . , ( 13, 0). /-,(1 3 , 0).

5 3 6 . 0, 17), ,(0 . - 1 7 ) . 537. 1)f * ^ = 1;


V* 9 /2 //
2) 530. _ - _ . 539. ^ = 1 .

540. 1) ,(5 , 0); . ( 5, 0); 2) = ; 3) = ,

9 , v //- -V2 , 5 _, ,
:='5 : 1 0~9 ' = 4' 542-" '
543. 1) = 2 " , 6 = 2; 2) = & = 6; 3) = 6 = 2 /" 5 ;

4) = , 6 = ^ .

5 - - S - 1 " " - - ' 54S- ' = |20:


2) = 90 . 5 4 8 . 5 4 7 . I) ( ~ (34. 1.8^;

2) ( . j. 5 4 9 . 20 9 91 - 0 .

... / ab ab \
551. [ 4- - , ------------- ;
V b '- a * V b x a ' )
b > a . 5 5 2 . x + y 1 = 0 . 5 5 3 . 3x + y 8 = 0. 5 5 4 . 1) x = l;
2) 5x 2y + 3 = 0. 5 5 5 . 1) 3x y ?>\f 5 = 0 ; 2) 5x 2y 9 = 0 .
l/w q ] >
5 5 . * 6 s f l* C * . 5 5 7 . b '-. 5 5 8 . b
2 5 ^ 5
5 5 9 . ** + //* = - bs. 5 6 0 . 8xi/ Ax 4 + 3 = 0.
562. _ - = l . 563. n = - ^ l ------
16 9 12 13 cos
564. \ k \ > ~ . 565. y - ^ = l . 5 6 6 . y* = l .

5 6 7 . ^1) ------------gs = 1, 2) g------------5 =

3) + y = i. 5 6 8 . .

5 6 9 . ,
. 5 7 0 . .
388 [571

5 7 1 . b 2, .
X
9 9
U~ X
2 tf
572 . 1 _- < 1 5=05 -
2 2 -

(< * *2 2 . ) ( *
: _1 - - ^ - 1 ^ ^ - I =0,

= 0 /( <v0 0 -

;2 2 ;2 2
) = 1 . ~^z 1> 0

, //// , ..
- V + :r !r 1 = 0 ,
2 -
_
~ j j = 0 , .v0 0 (. .
2 b2
, ),
:

( 1+ ^ ) 4 + ( 1- ^ ) t - V = 0 (
573. ( -\ - / 2-|-fc2)2-f-4a262 1 ^ctg2 a = 0.
,
a = -- > b .r--f-;/2= a- -.

2a b J ^ / _^_2_ , tJn
5 7 4 . t g p = ------ -
f----------------- ----- 5 7 6 . ab. 578.
* + 1-*+* *

5 7 9 . . 5 8 0 . b2 > 1'

585. - ^ - ^ - < 0 . 586. 0 < - < 1.


a- 6- 2 b-
x\ y\ x\ /*
587' a*~ b* > 1( ^1*2 > 589
(% //)
.'2 /2
^~ < 0. 5 9 0 . . 5 9 1 . .
5 9 2 . F ,M ,+ F ,A 1 , = FjAl. + FjAL,
F 2A12 2, = const
, F jA l, 2 0.
, , F,
, . , -
653] 389

,
, F tM , ,12 ?= 0.
5 9 3 ,
.
.
0, 0 /0,
0 0 + M 0F > ,
0 /0. , '0 F/V10 = const.

'10 _
5 9 4 . Q , F , P - h f 2Q = 2 c F,P
F-,Q = 2a. Q .
5 9 7 . .
6 0 2 . ,

, j / ~ a* + aj *.
6 0 S . 1) A~az '~ < 0; 2) !! 3 > 0 (
).
* ' .
613. - = 1.
- b3
6 1 5 . :

(3 + ) tg (2+ ) tg 2 + 4ci-lr
2 *
6 1 6 . .
6 2 3 . 1, 1 ,
, a F, F , . M tF, +
+ M,F = const, '1-Fj + M .F s = const. /, = ,, ,
, , + 1= const F, .
F2 , 12.
6 2 4 . . 6 2 5 . . 6 2 7 . (1, 0). 6 2 8 (0,1).

6 2 9 ( 2, 0). 630. = . 631. * = \2. 6 3 2 . =*4.

6 3 3 . tf = 8 x 8. 634. ^2, 6 3 5 . 1) i f = \2;

2) - = * 25; 3) 16; 4) *s = 8 5) *3 = 18//. 6 3 6 . (18, 12)


(18,-12). S37, 2. 63 8 . / / = 2. 5. 6 3 9 . + 9 = 0.

6 4 0 . t f = 4x. 6 4 1 . */> = 2 . 6 4 2 . = k x + .

6 4 3 . 2 + 4 = 0. 6 4 4 . -V (* + if ) + p if = 0.
6 4 5 . .

646. = ^---- - . 6 4 7 . i f = 12:. 6 4 9 . 2. 65 1 . .


1 cos 0
6 5 3 . 1) (// )' = 2( ); 2) (// &)* = 2 ( );
3) (.V )- 2 ( ); 4) ( ) = 2 ( ).
80 [654

654. I) ( 2, 1); = 5; ; 2) (0, 7);


= 3; ; 3) (2, 0); 4;
; 4) (3, 5); 2;
/ 1'
, 5) ( 2 > -----

= - - ; /; 6) (4, 1);
2I |

p = J L ; , 7) ( 3, 9);

1
.
= 2
656. 4 = -1 .
6 5 7 . 12. 6 5 8 .
36 3
6 5 9 . ,
.
6 6 0 . : = 2 + 1. 6 6 1 . //* 20 < 0 .
6 6 4 . (//* 2)(//
20) [//</0 ( + 0)) = 0.
6 6 9 . (2 + )2-{- 4ctg* (2 ) = 0.
6 7 . 2 2. 6 7 4 . . 6 7 5 . .
6 7 9 . ,
.
6 8 0 . 1) 2 > 2 ; 2) < 2.
6 8 4 . (/ + , 0), ,
2= 2.
.
686 1) ,
, /1 / .

;
q. Cv , ,
q.
6 8 7 . 5 + 16 + 5 ' 5 5 = 0.
.
688 1) 0 '( 1 , 1); 2) ' ( 1, 2); 3) 4-\-2
5 = 0 ; 4) (). 6 8 9 . 17 4 4 0.
6 9 0 . 2 + // + 6 = 0 . 6 9 1 . 4 6// + 1 = 0 . 6 9 2 . = 1.
6 9 3 . 7 3 = 0. 6 9 4 . = 3* + 2; = 3 2; + 1 = 0 .
6 9 5 . ( 2) ( //)* = 0 2 2 = 0,
//2 = 0.
6 96. 1) //+ 3 = 0, 2 + 3 0; 2) ; 4// 9 0.
697. .
,
, ,
, .
6 9 8 . 2 + 3 5 = 0, 5 + 3/ 8 = 0.
6 9 9 . 1) 7 35// + 22 = 0, 7 + 14// + 20 = 0; 2) 6 2 //+ 1 9 = 0,
2 + 2/ 1 = 0 ; 3) + 4// + 14 = 0, + 3 = 0; 4)5. + 3 = 0,
25 5// + 13 = 0.
7 0 0 . 1) 2 = 0; 2) + 4// 3 = 0.
721] 391

7 0 1 . x + r/ 1 = 0 , -|- + 1 3 = 0. 7 0 2 . 7 + 1 = 0 .
7 0 3 . 3 = 0, 7 2 13 = 0.
7 0 4 . ' = + # + , ' =
+ By 4- : '2 + 2 // = 0.
7 0 5 . (ax + a llf/) (0nx , + 0 ,,^ ) = 0.
(aI + a 11x0 + aJ,(/J) x + (a2 + a i:.x0 + a f/J) +
+ (,,) + //0 + ) = 0, , alt , 22= .
7 0 6 . 1) ,
, ; 2) ,
, .
7 0 9 . 1) + // 2 = 0, = 0; 2) + 1 = 0 , // + 3 = 0;
3) 2 4// 5 = 0; 4) + + 1 = 0 , 3(/ + 3 = 0; 5) 2 4 1 = 0 .
7 1 0 . .
7 ||. _
2^ 2612
7 1 2 .
,
, ,
, .
7 1 4 . .
7 1 5 .
,
,
.
. .
7 1 7 . . 7 1 8 . ^2, (2, 0), D ^, 1-
7 1 9 . 1) ; 2) : + -- ,
+ / / + 1 = 0 ; 3) ; *1) .
7 2 0 . 1) ; 2) ; 3) .
X2 Y 2
7 2 1 . 1) V + = 1, ' ( 2, 1),
t) 3
;
X2 Vs
2) = 1, '(1, 3),

0,
3) V 2 , ' ^ , 1^ ,
, ; 4) ;
5) ' ^ ^ , -
1
, ,
2 3
I
---- =: ;
2 /2
392 [722

6) ' ^ ^ , -
3
, , ;

7) , 0 ^

1
, , ;

8) ' ( 1 , 1 ) V 3 (-f- 1 ) -
+ V 2 ( 1) = 0 3(: + 1) 2 ( 1) = 0;
9) 0 ( 1, 1),
.
X2
722. + = 1; (2, 3),

---- jj .
7 2 3 . =10 ',
( 4 3 |
( 1 , 2); >
\5 5 J
.
Xs Y2
7 2 4 - . g (1, 1), -

,,
: =
2
.

7 2 5 . * = 42 , (2, 1); { 1, 1 }
.
7 2 6 .
1= 0,
4// + 2 = 0.
7 2 7 .
2 3 0 + 1 = 0 ,
2 2 = 0.
X* * /7 1\
7 2 8 . 1) 35 + 35 *> ueiiTP f , J , -

k = ;
~ 2
2) + = 1 , (1, 1),
k = 1
732] 393

X2 2
3) + ( 1, 1),
&= 1;
X2 Y2
4) -j------ 9 ~ * ( 1, 2),
k = 3;
X* Y2
5) - ? = ! (1, 0),
Zo
, . 9
= ;
6) , = 4, 6 = 3, (1, 1),
&= ;
7) , 1, (0, 0), , -

8) , = ) / 2 , (1, 1),

( );

3 / 1 3 \
9) , = ^ * f J ,

1 =- I ( ).
I 5 5 /
7 2 9 . / . = 4 < 0, / , = 144 ? ^ 0 , ;
= 3, &= 6; (3, 4);
2 10 = 0, + 2 + 5 = 0;
: //-[ - 4 = 0, 4 + 3// = 0; (6, 2), (0, 0);
.V+ 2// + 2 = 0, -\-2//-{-8 = 0; :
(* + , - = 1 ) , / -----* + 3 . ----- -= 4 ; -
5 V 5 y, V > / 5_ /
: + 2// + 5 3 V 5 = 0.
7 3 0 . Y2 2pX, cos t-\-y sin / = 0 ; ; sin / -
/ / c o s / + (7= 0 .
( <7sin (/cos/); { s i n/ , c o s / }
.
7 3 1 . (* + |) X 2 + \) = 1.
:
Atx -j- + , = 0, + 2 + 2 0.

7 3 2 . (0, 4), 2 // + 8 = 0.
3 94 [733

7 3 3 . ( 2, 1), ?. 6 = 0.

734. ----- = - ' 7 3 5 .
uVu
7 3 6 . . 7 3 7 . / , -2F ( , ) < 0,
7 3 8 . / , -2 ( 0. 0) < 0 . 7 3 9 . / . = 0 .
7 4 3 . /,/ < 0.
7 4 5 . .

7 4 6 . d 2=

747. a,, a ,, /?, a u a,


^22 * <^0 .
a, 2 a b
7 4 8 . 6 2 4 a // + 2if + 12 99 = 0.

. 3: 3 = 4.
7 4 9 . ( . + -f-,) ( 2 + + ,) = 0 .
7 5 0 . 4 + 8 + 1 2 2 4 42// + 9 = 0.
7 5 1 . * -\-Aif 4- 4// = 0. 7 5 2 . 2 = 0, + 2 4 = 0.
7 5 3 . 9- 24// + 1 //2 60' 16// -f- 256 = 0.
7 5 4 . 9 2 + 16//2 36* 48// = 0. 7 5 5 . * 2 //+ 5 //! 4 4 / / +
+ 4=0.
7 5 8 . 2 2 2>tf 6 15 = 0. 7 5 7 . / / - { - 1 = 0 .
7 5 8 . 5 4 6 -(-9 = 0. 7 5 9 . 2 1 + // + 5 = 0.
7 6 0 . + //2 + 4// 1 1 = 0. 761. 12* + 4 0 // + 28//2 + 16 +
+ 8// 1 1 = 0 , 2 + 2 1 = 0 , 6 + 1 4 / / + 11 = 0 . 7 6 2 . 2 +
+ 2 ~ 2 + 1 = 0.
763. 337 * + 168 // + 288//! 3200 2400// = 0.
764. 4 2 A x y - \ - if 1 6 2// = 0.
765. 2 2 x i / + 2 i f 14 20 + 48 = 0.
766. 5 2 + 6 // + 5//! 6 10 3 = 0.
767. 2 + + - + 2 + 2 = 0. 788. 2 + 2 + - + 5 .
// = 0.
769. 3 6 + 2 4 + 29t/s 5 2 8 376 + 1 2 1 1 = 0 .
770. 2 5 * + 2 4 / / 12 = 0.
771 ') + (fli)* _ I * cos 0 + // sin p
A,)*+(//1//,)! _ I*. cos + 2si - P
772. ]/"(* a,)2-I- (// //,)2 V ( x -j ) 2 + (
( , -|- + ) ( , + . + )
* + *
773. 16a* + 24a + 9 94 a 58 + 124 = 0.
774. A* + 2 a + i f 12a + 24// 54 = 0.
775. a 5 2 x y + 8 a 8//= 0.
776. a 2 + 2a// + i f 6a + 2// 7 = 0 . 7 7 7 . A x y - \ - 3 if 2 y 1 = 0 .
778. a 2 6a// + //2 2 a 2// + 5 = 0.
779. l l x 2 20a// 4 i f + 18a + 36//-=0.
780. 4 a 2 + Qxy 4 i f 26a + 18 39 = 0.
812] 395

7 8 f. (D * \ - 7 8 2 (~ } F* + (!/-!'o) Fv = 0.
* *

7 3 3 . ( - 9) F x + ( - 0) = 0. 7 8 4 . + = 0.
7 8 5 . (A ix + B ly-\-Ct) [ . ( - )-\-B t ( y y0)\ +
-\-{A%x-\-B2g-\-Ct) [A x(x -0) + B x ( y y0)] = 0.
7 8 6 . . 7 8 7 . .
7 9 2 . 1) ; 2) ; 3) .
7 9 3 . 1) 2 * - 1- 30 5 = 0, 40 + 2 = 0; 2) -\- 2 = 0, .
20 + 1 = 0; 3) 2- + 50 + 1 = , 2 * + 3 0 5 = 0; 4) 2: 0 + 1 = 0 ,
2 u 4 = 0.
7 9 4 . 45: + 2050 4 = 0, 15: 150 2 = 0.
7 9 5 . 15.V+ 0 2 = 0, 5:+ 30 1 = 0. 7 9 3 . 2 * + 70 ^- = 0.
797. 20 + 1 = 0 ; -

5 (--- ) -
X 2 ( 1 1\
7 9 8 . "g' + ' j * ' f-g- , J , ^)-
2
k = .
X3
7 9 3 . yij- 2 = 1;
0 (0, 0), / = 1 .
'* 2
8 0 0 . -g = 1, ,| ' ( ~ 2);
' , k = 2.
8 0 1 . * = 1 X . 8 0 3 . + 20 3 = 0. 8 0 4 . -\-y 2 V Y = 0,
2
-\- 4 - 3 / = 0. 8 0 5 . .Vcos + 0 sin = 0.

806. tga = ---- ~ . 8 0 7 . .V0 + 6 = 0, * + 0 8 = 0.


8 0 8 . 4 ' + 20 + 1 = 0 , (2 ) + (2 ~ 3 + 1) 1 ,
(2 + >^3 ) * + (!_ 2 1 ^ 3 ) 0 _ = 0. _
8 0 9 . ( V 3 - 2 ) x + ( 2 f 3 + 1)0 + 2 7 - 7 ^ 3 = 0 ,
( 2 + V" 3 ) : + (2 V" 3 - 1 ) 0 - 2 7 - 7 ^ 3 = 0 .
. (5, 1)
120 120. _
8 1 0 . ( 1 , 0) (0, 3 1 ).
8 1 1 ._ /!,( 3, 4), , ( 7, 2), ,( 2, 4), /^(3, 5).
812. *! = " 3 , ;2 = , /?, = :, = 3 ^ 3 ,

21 /3= ^
5 *

-
396 [813

( 2 kn D . 2kn \ \ , f t 2ftjt . 2/\


813. f cos sin - J ( 0) -|- ( A sin + cos J X
X { ) + 0+ 0-\- 0, k = \, 2, , n 1.
8 1 4 . ' (5, 2), ' (21, 12), ' (15, - 1 8 ) . 8 1 5 . (4, 3).

8 1 6 . (4, 2). 8 1 7 . ' ( 1 0 , 6), ( ^ , 2 ) . 8 1 8 . '= + 1,


2
0' = + 0 + 2. 8 1 9 . (2, 1). 8 2 0 . + 2
4 =*0. 8 2 1 . 1) 2.v 12 = 0, + 3 = 0; 2) = 0, 0 = 0
; 3) // = 0. 8 2 2 . 2:+ 0 3 = 0. 8 2 3 . 220 3 = 0,
4 0 = 0. 8 2 5 . '* = '*, ' * 5*. 8 2 6 . {1, 4 }, { 1, 1 }.
8 2 7 . { 1, 1}. 8 2 8 . (
) .
8 2 9 . { 3, 2 } { 3, 5 } . 8 3 0 . ' = + 0 , ' ~ .
8 3 1 . ' = , 0' 1. 8 3 2 . ' = , ' = . 8 3 3 . ' = ,
1 2
' = 20. 834. *= 0, 0' = 0. 835. -'
= sin .
8 3 6 . ' x- \-s (Ax + B y -\-), ' 1 ( + -\-), /
.
5 1 1
8 3 7 . ' = + 0 j , ' = (. ),

838. ' = ( 1+ ~ 0) + -^0 /+ 0, ' = ~ -\-( 1 + - ^ 0 ) / / + 1/.


839
839.
. ; J2 ^ +
.
IB
;
840. ' = 0 + 5, ' ~ + 5.
841. ' = 1 ( 1 7 - 0 + 8), 0' = 1 ( _ + 170- 4).
8 4 2 . ' ^ lX J ~ ' > = ^ 2-\- +
^ iA'o"\ + Cj *0 + -\-
8 4 3 . ^-' _ , + 5,0 + , ' + E ty ' + F t
-, + 2+ 2 ,+ 10, + , D jX j + B ^ j + Fj
__ x-\-E{y-\-Ft 2 + 20+ 1 ll x + 1 4 0 + 1 3
- + . . + . - . = ------- ------- = -------- -------
8 4 5 . = 5 30 + 8, ' == + 20 3.
846. 1) ' = + 8, 0' = 4 50 + 14; 2) ' = + 20 8,
' = 4 30 -|- 24.
8 4 7 . 1) ; 2)
; 3)
.
8 4 8 . {I, 3} <3 - 1 | ; S - f e , ,

X = 20 , = . 8 4 9 . .
8 5 0 . . :
( /7*) .
885] 397

8 5 1 . .
8 5 2 . . .
8 5 3 . .
, ( ;
< 0,
).
8 5 4 . .
, : = 2+ .
8 5 5 . .
: , ,
.
856. 2
22
S = *33
..1 1 I I 3 31
1 | \ , 31 U . B J
. ' ,-{- -\-
' = 2~\- + 2
, ,
' '
2 22 ' = 0 .
3 33
,
, ,
.
( D) (' D ')
857. S
1 1
U ' I
. . .
8 5 8 . 1 2 //+ 5 7 = 0, 8 9 66 = 0.
. ,
.
8 5 9 . 142: 183// 489 = 0.
. ,
,
.

860. -Vs, ,, = 2.
8 6 1. . 2
- :ft- z
. .
862. 863. /=
2
.
866 , -
.
868 . . 870.
2 877. . 881. nub.
2
885 . </ + 2
,4 - -2 *
898 [887

.
:

1) : = * = + - ,
a b a b
** = 1;

2) : '* = *, * = ~ *,
;
3) - 1 : '=--^('*-\-'*), = ^ ('* '*)>
'* * ~ \ .
>.>0, = ,
:

' = ch -j- ~ sh //, ' r= -- sh -j- ch .

833. ' '2-\-, '~ - \ - V 2 '= 2 ,


; ?2
' 2. 8 9 2 . ' (2 2 -)- '-), = 7, ( ).
zp

8 9 3 . ' = (2 2 + ~), = .

8 9 4 . S/V.
.
, , , ,
.
8 9 5 . '=-\-2 + 2, ' ~ -\-2.

8 9 6 . = 2 - - |) .
. . 693.
8 9 7 . 2= 2 ( ) (
,
) .
.
, ,
, , .
8 9 8 . 2 ( + ),
,
.
8 9 9 . 3.
. ,
.
933) 399

9 0 0 . :

- + = X (ax' + \\' + rn),

2, + 2../ + = . { 2 (, am) ' -j-2 (, {5m) y ' + a m1}, A,

.
.
, ,
, ,
.
9 0 1 . ' = { 2 ( , ) + 2 ( firn) + ),

' = ( + + ) , X .
'9
904. . 9 0 5 . y = kx + - j / ^
32 *
9 0 6 . 2 2-\- 2 = 0, = 1-: 0, 0
,
.

911.

+%={x + at Y+at si" 0+ ( + $ ) cos -


9 1 8 . ( 1:1). 9 1 9 . (1:2). 9 2 0 . ( 1: )
9 2 1 . , :, = 7 ( 2): (4 + -).
9 2 2 . (. 1).
I* \1 .|
1 \ \ \ \ 1
9 2 3 . 1: = ( 1):. 9 2 4 . [:[
I*, 2 \ X, X, I
[, 2 \ , |
9 2 G . \ = ,, ,, ': = 212.

9 2 8 . * ' = 13 (* -[- 3!|), ' 6 (36, -(- ^).

9 2 9 . \ = 1-\-, ' = 22.

9 3 0 . , ( 1 : - 1). (1 :2).

9 3 1 . ,1
I b 1 1
|- d U i + 1 |
I
- = | \id *1 + |

I 3 _ __ : I
9 3 2 . i j _} = ^ .
400 [935

9 3 5 . qx[ = ,,* , + * 0* 2 = asixi


. 9 3 6 . ( ?.:1).
9 3 7 . , ,
.
9 3 8 . 1) 2) 3) .
9 3 9 . ,
()
( 1), ' (2)*
0, ,
', ',
.
9 4 0 . . . 939. 9 4 1 . (5:7).
9 4 3 . > ( 1 : 14), ( 1:2); G ( 1 :24), ( \ : 16), (3:8), (1 : 6 ).
9 4 4 . 1) (3:2: 1); 2) N (12, 9); 3) (5:0: 3); 4) (1:1:0).
9 4 5 . (0:1: 1).
9 4 6 . \ + *2= 0 ;

\ ' = 0 ;
: \ - f xz + 2} = 0.
9 4 7 . 1) , + , - f 93= 0; 2) , = 3 , = , , = ;
3) = 0 , , = , = , 3= 0.
9 4 8 .
.
9 4 9 . , ,
.
9 5 0 . 1) ( 3:4:1); 2) (2, + 3 63) + (, + 3) = 0;
3) X; 43= 0.
9 5 3 . .
9 5 8 .
(0:1: 1); (1:0: 1); (. 1:0);
0 , , , ,: ( 2:1:1), (1 : 2:1), (1 :1 : 2).
9 5 9 . , + + 3= 0. 9 6 0 . b y-\-cz = 0, , ,
0 ,0 20 3.

9 |- .
, 0 ,0 S0 S.
9 6 2 . , 2 3= 0. 9 6 3 . (2:0: 1), 2 , 3= 0.
51 3
964. 2 4 3 = 0 , 15, 9 , 223= 0.
86 3
9 6 5 . , . ws = 0, (1 : 1: 1). 9 6 6 . (2:0:1), 21-{-3= 0 .
9 6 7 . (2:0:1), 2 , + , = 0 . 9 8 . (120:14: 203). 9 6 9 . (5: 1:10),
5 , , + 1030. 9 7 0 . (2:3:0), (5:0: 3), (0:5:2). 9 7 1 . 2 , + 3= 0 ,
2, 3 = 0, , + 32= 0, , + 2 4, = 0; (0:2:1), (2 :0 : 3),
(1:3:0), ( 3 : 1 : 4).
1010] 401

9 7 2 . *4 = 0, , , = 0 , , 2= 0, (0:1: 1), (1:0: 1),


(1: 1:0). 9 7 3 . (1: 1:0).
9 7 4 . 0 ,0 , ( X : |:0), 0 30 2
X ,
(0:: v), 0 30 , ( \0 : v). X 0 v = 0,
. v
.
9 7 5 . (:2:3), (:0:3), (,:*/,: 0). 981. ( ) = 9.
9 8 2 . (abcd)= ~ .
9 8 3 . , (0:1:1), ,(1 : 1 :0 ), (1:2:1), Q ( - 1 : 0 : 1 ) , ( , 3P Q )= 1
984. D (4 :0: 1). 9 8 5 . d ( 1:5:0).
9 8 6 . . (0:0:1), O.S (1:0:0), O.C (1:0:1), 0 ,D (1:0: 1),
(02, 0 , , O.C, 0,Z>) = 1.
9 9 1 . ,
.
9 9 2 . ,
,
.
9 9 3 . , .
9 9 4 . , ,
.
9 9 5 . (3:10:19).
9 9 6 . ((:, + ,): (2 + $) : (, + 3) ). 9 9 7 . 3= 0.
9 9 8 . : : = 4: 4.v,:(,-|-, + 23).
9 9 9 . ',: 2:, = ( 6 6 + 6 z ): 2 : .
1 0 0 0 . (6 : 3 :2 ) ,, ,
, S (1:2:3), .
1 0 0 1 .

.
1 0 0 2 . ( - 1 5 : 4 : 2 4 ), G ( 3 : 4 : 4). 1003. = ^ , f / = ^ .
1 0 0 4 . 347 250 74 = 0; 1513 500 1786 = 0; 2 = 0.
1005. , = ( 8* ; 4'), = X (2 * [ 4 '+ 4 ') , =
= (2 ' ' + ').
I OS. ' :' : '3= (, 3) :.: ( , + -2),
, : :3= ': ([ + ' + 3) : ',
,: ,: ,= ( ' ') : ': ( \ + '),
\:': 3= 3: (, + 2 3) :
1 0 0 7 . \ ~ 11 (2u, + uj), = 8 (, + 3), 3= 3 (, + 2 + 4.).
1 0 0 8 . ^ ^ : ,= 2: ,: 1.
1 0 0 9 . a x , = 3 2 x j 2 0 x -j-3x*, 2= ^ -j-40x% + 4 ,
a x j = 16 , + 6 0 .
1 0 1 0 . ' ( 1:13:14), ' (11:23:28), ' ( 1:1:2).
402 {1011

(O il. 0\ (1:1:1), ' (1: 4:0), ' ( - 1 : 0 : 1 ) , E ' ( l : 3:2).


1012. ' ( 8 : 6 : 11), ' (7 :6 : 36), ' ( 18:1:14).
1013. ': ': '= ,:(, + ,):( , + 2),
U\ :2:a= [ : (' + '):([ + ').
1 0 1 4 . '0 2 (2:6: - 7), 0 ^ (7:6: 2), (8:9: 13).
1 0 1 5 . ' ( 10:1:4), 5 ' ( 10:3:3).
1 0 1 6 . ' ( 7 : 2:2), ' { 4:5:4).
1 0 1 7 . , : 2:, = (' + 6:'): (14' + ' 5:'): (7[ + 5' 4 '),

,: ,: 3= ( ' + 2+ 3'): (2/<J 2'+ ' ) : ( ] + 4' 2'),


' : ': ' = 0 + ? ):(3 , + 2 + 5 ,):(6 , 5, 4,).
1018. | = , M'*'=csv3.
1019. <>' = q.v' = Qx' = x2.
1 0 2 0 . . *' '2 = 2, :' = X (, 'I- 2 5).
1021. , = ,, ' = 2, ' = 3.
1 0 2 2 . ' = . (, + ,22 + ,), ' = X (2,, + 222 + 2**)>
3.

1 0 2 3 . , ' = | ( ,+ ,) , ' = [I (-2 |- (3), ' =

1024. '' = - ' = 222, ,= X (31, + , + ,).


, _ 15 + 43 // ,_ 7 3
1025.
5' 9// - |- 16 ^ 5' 9 + 16
, *' , 0
.
1026.
? ; 5
, /; ,_ 2( )
1027.
= (2 6) * + 2 (6 ) ~ (2 ) + 2 { )" *
1 0 2 8 . \ = ('2 + 3), -j = X (, + ,), ' = X (, + 2).
1 0 2 9 . (1:2:0) ( 3:4:0).
1 0 3 0 . , ' : ' : ^ = ( , + 5 2,):(4, + 22+ 1 4 ,):(7 , *+ 11,),
' :' :'= (2 -,+ 2 3) : ( , + 2 + 23) : (4, 2 3),
, :2:, = (Xj + 4' + 7 '): (5xj + 2' ' ) :
:( \ + 142 + 11,).
1031. 1) \ : ' :' = (, 1, + 3) : (2, + 43) : ( ,+ 5 2,);
2) ' :' :' = (7, 7 + 1,): (9, 72 + 11 ,) :
: (, + ,+ ,) ;
3) ' : ': ' = (3.v, 5, + 9-3) : (, + 2 ,): (4, + 2 3)
10611 403

1 0 3 2 . x [ : x 2 :x't = ( x t + 2 2* ,) : ( * , * ,): (2 * , 2*2+ * ,) .

1 0 3 3 . x j : x 3 : x 3 = (2*, - f 3.v, 7 * ,) : (3*, 5.v, -f 4*3) : (8*, 9 * ,+ * ,)-


1 0 3 4 . * , : * 2:a '3= p x 1:q x 1 : r x y
1 0 3 5 . ( 1 : 2 : 3 ), ( 2 : 0 : 5)
( 5 : 4 : 17), ( 4 : 3 : 22). ( 2 : 0 : 7) ( 0 : 1 : 2)
( 3 : 1 7 : 2 0 ) ( 2 : 1 2 : 3 ) ; * ,:* 2 :*3=
= (2, + ,) : ( 5 ^ 1 4 2 3) : ( 3 , 7 2 3).
1 0 3 6 . x l :x i : x t = u l : u s : u 3.
1 0 3 7 . * j :*^: = (1 l.v, 7* 2+ 8 * , ) : ( 1 4 * , 18:+22) :
: ( 5*, -f- 15*2 20*3).
1 0 3 8 . ,: .,: 3 = (2-, -|- * , '3) : * 2: (* , + ,).
1 0 3 9 . . : , : . 2. :( * - -f-.): (2:, . + 5 * .)
,:2:* 3 = 4,: ( , + 5 3) : ( , + 2 + 3).
1 0 4 0 . , : 2: , = ( , 4- , ,) :( , - f 2 3) :(2 , + 2-(-4 3)
, : : , =* ( 1 1, 7 + 3) : ( -, 4-1 4 2+ 23) : ( , 7-2+ 5 * ,).
1 0 4 1 . (1:1:1) (7:3:5).
1 0 4 2 . 1) ; 2)
; 3) ;
4) ; 5)
.
1044. 1) ' = ; ' = -\ 2) * ' = ! , '= z lL ;
X X + J X + //
04 / 1 , X , 1
3) - = , = -------- j ; 4) = , = ;
-}-! + 1
, 2 ,
5) * = 7 - ____ ____
10 . ] / * ; = ) / - ,. ] /
21 r is 1 \
1046. 2 1 3 , 3 1 3 = 0. 1047. 2 ] \ \ = 0.

1048. )\ - , ,- 0 . 1 0 4 9 . ' = _ ! ^ | 2 , ,

m m 3 0 ( - 2 , + 0) 5 ( * + 9 (,- 3 5 )
,0 5 - * -9 -5 5 s + 5S
1 0 5 1 . ' = ( +- a sh ); / (. sh - - !| 0).

10 5 2 . ' = ; / =
11// -f-121 0 - - 12

1 0 5 3 . '=5 ~ ~ ; ' = - A-v-f-r4 1 0 5 4 . 26*,*2


+ 4 1 +1 ? = 0 .
1057. 6-* + 3 i f + 2- -0.
1058. 25** 3 0 * -f- 9* 150* 90 + 225 = 0.
1060. 9.V* 4- 1 2 16//* 72- 96 -{-144 = 0.
1081 4** -(- 9//* 3 6 5 4 = 0.
404 [1062

1 0 6 2 . ,
0,0.
1 0 6 5 . * ; + 2* + 5.,** + ( 12+ 21)* + ( + 1) * ,* ,+
+ (2 + , ) * 2* , = 0. aik = aki, ax\ + at2x\ + aSix\ +
+ 212*,*, + 2an xtx3+ 2aslxixl = 0.
1 0 6 6 . x 6y + 8 = 0 .
1 0 6 7 . 1) 55* 6//+ 1 0 = 0; 2) 1 5 * + 11// + 14 = 0; 3) 19* + 4r/ = 0;
4) *j = 0 ; 5) ;

.
1068. i ~ f = f, i + f = /.
a b a b
1 0 7 2 . ,
,
,
; ,
,
, .
1 0 7 3 . 1) ( 3; !); 2) (3, 3); 3) (0, 3); 4) ( 1 : 1 :0 )
, ,
{ 1 , 1}; 5) :
9* /+ 19 = 0.
1 0 7 4 . (1, 1).' 1 0 7 5 . i / = l . 1 0 7 6 . ( 7, 5). 1 0 7 7 . (1, ).
1 0 7 8 . .
, ,
, .
1 0 7 9 . .

: (1 2) + 2 2 2= 0.
, .
1 0 8 0 . .
. 1 0 8 1 . 3 * 10 = 0. 1 0 8 2 . 7*2 + 2 * / + 15 = 0.
1 0 8 3 . 22 + i f 3* + 0. 10 8 4 . + b + 2= 0.
1 0 8 5 . 15 4|) + 12 + 50 + 100| 625 = 0.
1 0 8 6 . .
:
:5 (1 2) + 2 2 2= 0;
.

' 7 - ( * + # _ ) ' = _ -
1 0 8 8 . . '2~~6*</ + 9//2 9 * + 18//
2 2-4* + 6 tf 12* + 2\ + 27
_*2 + 6 9 2+ 18* 45 54
^ 22 4* + 62 12* + 24 + 27
*, 2 2 2 6* = 0.
1109] 405

* 0 0 9 . (-2 -|- /)[//('/, + //,) + * ( * , + *2) ] 2(xtx 4- )( + , ) = 0.


1 0 9 0 . // = 0, | * | > 1 .
1 0 9 1 . 2 -\- -{- 1 = 0 . 1092. Fx ,
* , = 0.
' (- )
1093.
/
S' S- = 0.
~- Xo- * 0
F y F z + 22 F Fz I I
1094.
. , |
I
2 * | + 22
(I). I +
Fz I
+ 2 Fx Fy I I 2a \ Fx Fy \ = 0 .
I - , +
-v (TV I . * I
1095. Fx Fy F z 1096. ,2 ,
k kx = 0 . 22 2
> 0.
S2 ;

1 0 9 7 . 1) (aA + + )3 r2(A 2+ B !) < 0; 2) ~ - ' > 0;
3) 2/1C pB- < 0 .
1 0 9 8 . a ( b y w ' c z v ' ) (b ty iv "- czu") +
-\-b (c z u ' a x w ') (c z u "~ -axw") -}-
-j- ( a x v ' b y u ) (a x v "- -byu") = 0.
1099. F x Px,
= 0.
1100 . rFx F
1
Cl)v <I>, , = 0.
XY X xY y

1101. . .
1102. , = *., . = ., .= ..
+ 2-2 2-V -I-//-2
1103. = 1104. % v t = 0.
2 + 2// 3 = 2 + 2 3
,
1 1 0 5 . UVJ v t = 0.
V vt
1106. 16.v2 + 47 + 30 - 112 172 -1-196 = 0.
1 1 0 7 . -2 + 1 2 1 6 0 = 0 .
. ,
, DC
AD, .
1108. .
; ,
, :
(: + 23+ ...) + ( + b22i f - |- ...) = 0.
1109. .
, ,
:
+ 2 2 -f 22- - f 2 = ,
40G flllO

, , -\-2bxtx y 3 0;
2+ 212 + a22i f + 2alsx + 22 (* - f 2 )= 0
,
.
~ + * * *
IIIO. .
/ , = 0.
1111-
. :
( - 3+ . . . ) X (bux2+ 222 = 0.
X

(. + a22tf) + X ( * + b22tf) = 0;
.
1112. 2Fw\ 2F0w3= 0.
f11 3 - 2F- Xw* = 0,
X
2 2
2 2 2 2 I = 0,
, 2 [
ai \1 ,
92
2F 2 a2Z . 0.

2
0

1114 . ') 2 ( -f v ^ -w-f w* 0.


\ va ) \ )
: to = 0.
VA

IIIS. 93- 2 - \ - 16//2 72D6// + 144 = 0;
17
1116. 2F 2 Fn- (x0F x + tjQFy + z0F )2= 0.
1117. (a,, -\-2aXik + a 21ks)-2F [axxx-}-al2y + a x-\-k(a2lx +
__ + a 2I!/-!-a2)]3 = 0.
1118. x y y r l3 = 0. . x0u-\-y0v -f & = 0. 1120. (, -[- xt) -j-
,// o' 1122 20a? .
V f-l-y?
15J+12ttJ = 0. 1 1 2 3 . 3 o * 4 +8> = 0. 1 1 2 4 . R 3 (u r + v s) = w 3.
1 1 2 5 . 1) a2u2-\-b v 2 wz\ 2) a2u2 b3v 2 w3] 3) 2kb = p.
/9 16 '
1126. p2xpxix\-f- pi2p2Xx\ + P u P t 2xl 0. 1127. 25
1128.
3 -\- 1 = 0 -{- 3 = 0.
1143] 407

1129. 30//D 14uw I5 vw , = 0.


1130. 31! + 6 t r 5w* 15 v 14tiw 3vw 0.
1 13 1. a 17j 7 , + a . , , + 0,7 -, T t = 0,
T j = XjU + tjjV w (/ = 1, 2, 3).

1132. ,- ------- - , - 4 = 0 ,

ui = x iu-\-t/i v A-w, u* = XiU0-\-yiV9-{-w0.


1133. 121,
, /VI3.

1134. / f ) = / f )6 iJ. /<"> = (/</>)*. 1135.


\"33 "33/
1136. / (>, I
, I { ) = b3 l [ a) = [/*fr)]!.

1137. bn u--\-2bl2uv - { - + 2^,, +2ft,jucy = 0, 0.


1138. j 131__I bu bl3 I I bi2b2j I ___q
I ^32b331I b} i b j, I I b,3b33 I
(139.
\2uv-\-uw vw = 0 Xs 2 + ' +
+ 24* 2 4 //+ 144 = 0.

,,4 - n V "
'
1141.

(4u + >) ( 3// +>) X (2v + u>) ( v + ) = 0.


1
(. 1135) = 2 ( i _ ) = 2 ( ~1~ )

+=*~2-
1142. :
(5 + ) w + 7 (4t> + w) + / (5 + /) (4 + ) = 0;
, q .
:
2 -I- 2XI/ 4- * 6* 12/ 4 -9 0.
1 (4 3 .
(4 4_ ') (6// + &') + ( + 4 + tv) = 0.

96
.
(1 + )
1; 16.t*+ 8 + 25#* 96- 120^ + 144 = 0.
408 [1144

1144. pv) ( + >) + <7( + ) + ( + **>) ( v + >) =-


0-
,
2pq + 1 7+ 1
8 ( + q + 1)3 2( + <7+ 1) - ' 2 ( + <7+ 1) *
4S i
q, (1 2) (1 2) (2: + 2/ 1) =

1 1 4 5 , :

v
= 0;
a vj
10
, , , (* + !/2)* -
.
1146. 1 , :
1 22 2
0.
1
2 [( ) + ( )]
a t/ [ ( ) + (// /;)] 0
1147
, A, OD
oceii.
;

0 +. --
1

().

.
1 1 4 8 . , ,
.
. p: + 2cpcoscp = 0,
+ f / 2 +
+ 2 2= 0.
1149. + 2'_ = 1 . .
2 ux-\-vy-\-w- =0 .
5
1 1 5 0 . 7/=77:
2 sin S -
;
.
1151. * + =
1177] 409

1152. (*- ) uv -4- buw + avw = 0, ,


.
1153. . 2uv -\-2vu-\-2 = 0
,
, , .
1154. y = a t = ,

, , ) 4 V\ .

1155. : uv sin2 0 + (A cos ) -|- ( cos <


A ) uti' = 0.
.
0 , \ ,
: cos + <7= 0, -\- cos > = 0;
: + + = 0;
U) W
: = , <7= ------
1156. . 1157. .
1159. = ~ ^ , = 5 , = - = 5 , DA = ^ t ^ .

. = --1- ^ - - , = 2 / 4* . 1161. = + (\
Z
1162. 0. 1164. B C = p + q , C D = q, ~DE = p, ~ E F = ~ p ~ q .
1167. .
1168. .

1169. = -. + - 1170. A D = \ 1.
1! \\ \AB\-\-\AC\
1171.^' , ' ' q,/' p + q, A rB = p r , /V d =
q r, A 'C p-\-q r.
72. ~BC = c b, C3 = a - c , D B 0 d, DM = ~ d,
b + c-----
A Q _ ------ + d.

1173. m = b
- = S , ^ s = |= .

1174. = 1175. r , + r , r v

1176 x [ [;]] (,) + ] (|)


[r2r ,]2
1177 - /| + + - + m >fn
*! + * + -

14 . . .
410 11179

1173. r = r , + ^ + r*. ISOO. =


-^ ~

1181. r4 = r ,+ (,.), ' = | t t " = |13 :^'


1182. ~ + 0 , ' ~ + '> , = " +
-+ , 2, r D, = r D- r A + r Af.

1183. = | + 32 + * . 184. { 30, 21}, { 0 ,0 } .


1185. a = 2, = 3.
I18S. 1) = ; 2) c = 2 a Zb\ 3) = .

1 .8 7 . - 0 . 8 ) , { - 0 , 6 ; 0,8). .,8 8 . { ^ .

8 . &= { 2, 5}. IS 9 9 . 1) {3, 22, 3}; 2) {19, 39, 30}.


1191. 1) < /= -|-& ; 2) d = 5a + 4&; 3) d = 4 a .
1192. 1) , ;
1 , 2 .
2) , b = ~^ ^~ "
3) a, ,

, ,
.
1194. = 2, (5= 3, = 5. 1195. | - , , 1 |.

1195. ----- = * ---J U - i= i. 1197. 5. 1198. 1) 20;


V G /6 ^ 6J
2) -^-; 3) 0; 4)18; 5) 3. !8 2 3 . 19.1 2 0 0 . c o sa = -|L
^
. ,
, .
1202. . 1 2 0 3 . I - . 1 2 0 4 . 0. 1 2 0 5 . = t U.
3 2 -
. :
; = ,= a2:ft2.
1207. C D = = 1- A x <.' + I - i x - {r- L g iC . , 6, -
.
1 2 0 8 . . -
.
1 2 0 9 . . .
1210. 1) 3; 2) 0; 3 ) 1 . 1211. 1) 45; 2) 90; 3) 135; 4) 180.
1212. = {6, 4}.
1213. 1) 181; 2) { 254, 12}. 1 2 1 4 . 8. 0215. 1) 31; 2) 6, 3) 0.
1245] 411

2 8 . I) c o sa = y ; 2) a = 90. 1217. 1)716; 2) 721; 3 ) 353.


1218. 1) {21, 42, 21 j; 2) 280; 3) {115, 242, 137j. 2 0 . 3.

1220 .

1 1+ V 5 - 1 - / 5 I
1221.
4 * *
1222 . 4 1
I f ?-
1 2 2 3 . * = | 2 , 7, 3}. 1 2 2 4 . 1) - 2 [ab)\ 2) [&]; 3) j [aft].
1 2 2 9 . 3 . : [(& ) (

a)] = [a& ]-f [1>] + [ ]. 1231. c = j ~ p

* ?I2 3 2 . + ) {6, 3, 3}; 2) { 12, 26, 8j; 3) {0, 0, 0}.


2 3 3 . 18 I / ' T 1234. 1) 7; 2) { 46,
3) { - 7 , 29, 12};
7, 7}.
9 236. ;
, , : 1)
; 2) .
1237. + + V fo fr]
abc
. , , * -
,

( ),

.
, ,

, , .
1238. & ,= ^ L . =
3 3

1 2 3 9 .^ = 1 - 1 - , -, 11, -= 1
{ '

* -{4 - - * '}
1 2 4 1 . ( , 0 , 0 ) , (1 , 0 , 0 ), (0 , 1 , 0 ), (0 , 0, 1 ), (0 , 1, 1),-
( 1, 0, 1), ( 1, 1, 0), ( 1, 1, 1).
1 2 4 2 . 1) ( .V, , ); 2) ( , , ); 3) ( , , )
1243. 1)( , 0, 0); 2) (0, , ).
1244. (lx = V ! - \ - ' , d y =z\ r x z -\-zi , d 2 V x s -f y \
*2 4 9 . M ( 6, 4, 3).

14*
412 [1246

1246. , , . 1 2 4 7 . 45 135.

1 2 4 8 . /VI, (4 ~2, 4, 4) ,(4 Y Y , - 4 , 4).


. 6 29
2 4 . sm * 8 = , s in 9s = j y .

_ cos a cos _
1 2 5 0 . cos a, cos |3, = - , cos , = 0.
sm sm
cos (x, + cos a cos p, -fc o s Pj
1 2 5 1 . cos a = cos p :

2 cos -~ 2 cos
cos Y, 4- cos
cos = ----- - ------- , ,
2 cosy-

cos = cos a, cos 2 + p, cos pt + cos , cos ,.


Jcos p, cos , cos , cos a t
jcos p, cos , cos 2cos a t
1 2 5 2 . cos a = cos p =
sm ' ' sin
cos a, cos p,
cos a 2 cos p
cos - , ,
sm
cos , cos , cos Y, cos a, cos a t cos p,
Siu
cos p, cos 2 + cos Yz cos a 2 + cos a2 cos p2
1254. Y 34, Y 21. 4 2 5 5 . ^0, y , o ) . 1 2 5 6 . . 0,

1 2 5 7 . (3, 3, 1), R = 3.

1258. o,
V 2 Y T )
o,
V 2
2 2
1 2 5 9 . = 3, cos a = -rr-, cos p = ~ , cosy
3 '
1 2 6 0 . , (15, 11, 7), , (15, 7, 7), ( 9, , 7),
4 ( 9, - 7 , 7).
I 2 G I . , (9, 5, 11), 2 (9, 5, 1).
/1 9 0 285 570 \
1 2 6 2 . M t (2, 3, 6), 1,
V 49 49 49 ) '
Y J _2 89
1263. = . 1 2 3 5 . cos =
4 1 2 6 * ~5 - 7 13
23
cos = , cos 1 2 6 6 . 60. 1 2 6 7 . c o s a = -;
7 Y 13)^ 11 I.
1288] 413

cos = -p-, cos 0. 1 2 6 8 . S = 3,5. 1 2 6 9 . S = 9. 1 2 7 0 . 1 )D (11, 4,5);



2) (6, 3, 4); 3) arccos ; 4) 6 V ' 5) 18 V '2 . <*271. V = 150.

1 2 7 2 . 1) ( , , 2^; 2) ( - 3 0 , 8, 13). 1 2 7 3 . (3, 0, 5).

1274. ^ , -8 , 12^, ( - , 7, - 1 3 ^

: , 2, 2^, , 1, 3^ .
1275. ( 4 ,- 5 , - 2 ) .
7 1 1
12 7 6 . , = 4 - , 2 = - , ,= .
1 2 " v 2
/ 3 5 \
1 2 7 7 . I , , 11 J.

1 2 7 8 . Oz. 1 2 7 9 . 3. 1280. .

, 2
1 2 8 2 . ( = 9, cos
7 f5 s t a , 7 f
f - . . ( 1
( /- = 3, , 0 = a r c s m l

^/- = 5, = , 0 arcsin ^ ,

D ( r = Y~b, = 4 - . = arcsin ( ------


V 4 V V 3
(/=!, = - , = ).

1 2 8 3 . = 2, cos = l / " , sin

(J?. - . ).
1 2 8 5 . s r arccos (cos , cos 2 cos 0, cos 0 -)-
+ cos cp, cos 2 sin 0, sin 02 + sin 0, sin G2).
1 2 8 3 . A ( = 5, cos = -p-, sincp = y , 2=5

f Q= V 2, cp =-iL , z 1^ , C(Q = 6, = , 2 = 8).

.no_ V 2
1 2 8 7 . 0 = ^ 2- , = . * = --- 2
cos cp
1288. cos a =
414 [1289

I2 3 ffi = ' -j- 1, < / = / / ' + l, = -f 1.


1 , , 1 , , 1 I , , 1
1290. 2 + 2 2 ' ^ 2 ^ ^*
1291. 1) = 2 * - ' 4-2, = 4' + 4//' + ' - |- 1, = ' + 4 / + 3;
1 1 1 7
2) *' = _ * + { / + 4, ' = - -\~2 , ' = 3 * 2// +

+ 2 10; 3) 0 ^ 4, - j , 10^. , = | - 1, - , | ,

<?a= j l , 2 J- , 2- 2 | -

1.fb*>n
292. ,) :, = - - 1 , +1
1 1 , w, = 1 , +1 _ , +1 1 ,

f'e _ * * 5 * + ; 2) 0' ( 1, , 1), *; = { - 2 , , 1},

< = { - > - > 31 ( - | . - + !)


. _ i _ i 1 _ 1 1 _ 1 _ l l I ~ ! .
1 \ 2 4 4 J* \ 2 4 4 ! ( 2 2 )
1 2 9 3 . 0 ( 0 , , 0), ( 1, 1, 1), { 1, - 1 , 1,,
1), (1, 1 - 1)
1).
1294. , 42-, 42-/W f\ 24-. , V
/
f4 .o . 1
V2 2
( . 1 . ) .

( . , ) ( , 0. ( | , + ) ^ ( ' ' )'

(+ '. ) < - > ( + ) . (+ ) ( ' ' 0)'


, ,
.
2 9 5 . ( , 0 , 0 ) < - > ( 0 , 0 , 0 ) , (1 ,0 , 0 )< - > (- | , - , - 1 ) ,

(0. 1 , 0 ) ( - 1 . 4 - . - + ) . (0. , ! ) ( - + - 1 4 ) .

(1, 1, 1 ) ^ ( 1 , 1 , 1 ), (0, 1, !)<->( 1. 1, 1), (1, 0, 1 ) ^ ( 1 ,


1, 1), (1, 1, 0) <> ( 1, 1, 1), ,
,
.
1293. ** = * , + * ,+ ,,* *1 = * ,* ,+ ffn * * + g * i. **=
= + 4,**-|- *. gik = , t = 1, 2, 3; / = 1 , 2, 3.
,2 9 7 . = ^ - - ^ , = ^ - ^ , = ^ + ^ + ' .
2 3 2 3 2 2

in q n . 6 , 2/ , / 6 , ,_ / .
1293. - i/ g- , < / = 3 - - - , ------
1327] 4 15

/ V"9" V~2
1 2 9 9 . = ~ ~ ' z ', y = l ~ tJ' t = _ ^ '+ - ^ .
,__ ' / . .
1 3 0 0 . = == , // = 7= , = - = - - 7 = + '.
> 2 9
8308. Xj + <,.. -|- (Ojj.y, = OjjX, -}- a 12x , + ctl3Ys,
co21x, 4- x2 + (02Sx3 = u2IXj -1- a 22x' + a 23x ',
WjjX, + (0slXj + x 3= a 31xj -I- a 32x' + a ss.v', =
1 1 , 2 , 2 , 2 , 14 , 1 ,
1302. * = x yj -I- 3-z , ,j= - - x - - u - -

2 , 1 , 2 ,

(SOS. x = i *'--p== ' - -. !/= | *' + = '-

V2' 2
1 2 2 0 2 1
1304. Jt= T , ' _ _ j , ' + T ' + |,

9 | 9
= , _ ' + 3 -
2 , 1 , . 1 1 , .
1305. = z , y= -
/ * V I
2 1 1
+ - | / ' + 1. 2 ~ - ~ ' +2.
' " 7 5 ' V 2

1306. X=
1
- X' - T
2 9 2 2 2 2 , .
S - - Z ' + T , , J = - T A
1> 9 1 9
/ _ + ' = - - 3 * -1
9 2 2 , , 1 , , 2
+ 2==_" ~ 3 + '
1 3 0 8 . 2. 1 3 0 0 . {, 7, 1}, {7, 0, 2}, {1, 2, 0}. B3G0. 1) : +
+ 2 + 9 = 0; 2) + # 2 = 0, . 4 11// + 3 = 0.
' 1212. 2, // = 6, = 3.
1313. 10*/ + 70 = 0. 1314. + + 2 1 = 0 . 6333. 27.
3 8 0 . 7 + 7// 6 50 = 0. 1317. 35 + 21// 15 105 = 0.
8388. = 4, &= 4, = . 1319. 2 = 0. 1 3 2 0 . 5 Gy 7 +
+ 41=0.
1 3 2 1 . 2 /= 0 , 2 + = 0, 4/ + = 0. 1 3 2 2 . 5 + / = 0,
= 0, + 5 = 0. 1 3 2 3 . = 0, = 0. * 1 3 2 4 . 2 7 + 1 +
+ z G5 = 0. 8 3 2 5 . + 9// + 5 74 = 0. 8 3 2 G . 2 = 0.
8 3 2 7 . 1 3 JC + 0 20 = 0.
416 [1328

1 3 2 8 . : 26 = 0, -\- 10 = 0, + 2
8 = 0, 2 + 14 = 0, z 2 = 0, 2x-]-y-\-z 1 6 = 0 ,
-\- 2 2 28 = 0.
1 3 2 9 . = 2 5 + 4, = 3 + 6/ 2, 2 = 5-}-4.
1 3 3 0 . 1) = 13, //= 1 3 , = 9; 2) = ^ - , v= ~ .
5 5
1331. 1) = 6, tj 4, = 3; 2) + 1 = 0 , = 0.
= 0; 3) Z9u-\-9v 1 = 0 .
1 3 3 2 . 1) 4^ 2 + 16 = 0; 2) + 5 2 + 5 = 0.
1 3 3 3 . 1) ; 2) ; 3) ;
4) ; 5) .
1 3 3 4 . 2 0 - 17 = 0.
1 3 3 5 . 2 + 3 + 4 1 = 0. + -j- 9 = 0, 1 = 0 .
1336. , D
, F
.
4
1 3 3 7 . () = ^ .

1338. , Bj ,
) ^ ^ - + 3 0 + )
A t B t ,
3 Bg , ,, 2, > 1
*(,0+ 1/0+ ,0+ D ,)^ - -(20-(- //0 + 20+ D2)^
*, A ,B t , , >U *
Ai Dx
A= , Bt D t
A t B, Dj
1 3 3 9 . (Ax0+ B y n+ C z fl + D) (A x0+ B y 0+ Cz0+ E)< 0 .
1 3 4 0 . E < D < F E > D > F . 1341. D E .
20
1342. 1) ; 2) .
/> 1 3 4 3 . x - f 20// + 7 = 0 z = 0. 1 3 4 4 . 4 2 = 0.
1 3 4 5 . ( 2, 1, 4).
1 3 4 6 . 2 + 6 42 56 = 0. 1 3 4 7 . + 2 //+ 4 38 = 0.
2 3 6 ____ 4
^ 1 3 4 8 . 7 + / / - 3 = 0, 1349. , , . *350.
3 /'2 1 *
1 3 5 1 . (, + B,Bt + ,2) (,0 + ,//0 + C,z0 D,) (20 - f //0 - f
Cj20 + D )<0.
1352. 4- * 3 5 3 . 1$ .
3 /5
1354. ( . .+ , 2+ ,) ( , ,+ B ,B , + C,Cj) ( , ,+ *, +
, ,)< 0.
1 3 5 5 . 1) (3, 5, 7); 2)
; 3)
; 4)
;
5) ,
.
1372] 417

, , ,
1 3 5 6 . 1) 2._ 3;
j Bj C j
, , ,
2) , , 4
, 3 ,
, D,
, . D. 2;
, , , D ;
, , ,
3) * 2 . 1;
, : :
, 1 , Dj
/1, , . D z 2;
, ., , D,
, , ,
*1) , , 2,
, ,
f , Cj D / , \
A , B t Cz D 3, ( 1 ' ) ,
\ , , , ; / V 1 s B2 L )

( ; ( )
, , Cj
5) 2 2,
, 3
, , , D,
* Bj C j D j 3, ( \ \
! , , >, U , 2 ?>

( . , ,)' ( . . |>"
1357. 6 + 9(/ 22z = 0. 1 3 5 8 . 20+ 19
1 3 5 9 . 5 //+ 1 3 z 60 = 0. 1 3 6 0 . 2 2// 2z 1 = 0 . 3 6 ,. + 5//
* + 2 5 = 0 . ,3 6 2 . + 3// 2 10 = 0. 4363. + 4 .2 + 1 = 0
2// 5 + 3 = 0 .1 ,3 6 4 . 41 19/H -52z 68 = 0, + 4
63 = 0. 1 3 6 5 . + 20// + 7 12 = 0, + 4 = 0. ,3 6 8 . + /=
= 0. ,3 6 7 . 1 1 + 16// + 5 + 4 = 0. ,3 6 8 . 4// 3 = 0.
,3 6 9 . 24 + 21 // + 50 = 0.
, 3 7 0 . 16 + 50// 132 = 0.
,3 7 1 . 1) 10 7z = 0; 2) Gy 7 = 0; 3) 39 29// 7 = 0.
| , , D,
1372. * Bj C j D j = 0.
, Bs , D ,
4 B 4 C4 D4
, , , , , , >,N
BjC* . 2 C j D j
Rg , . . M s - Bj Cj D ,
4 44 , 4 B4 4 D4,
418 [1373


/ , , , D ,'
2 \ I A , B , C , D,
Rg ^3
<Rg ; ; d 3
* B4C4 , , Dt
A b . C j D,
2 Ci D i
1373. *.
] 3 D]
^ D4
2 , 3 3 l /L B . C. /12 B 2 ,
3 3, # 0 ; 4 , /3 : : * 0 , >14 B 4 c 4
, .; Bj Cj I >1, B j , i4j B j C j

1 3 7 4 . 1) ; 2) 2; 3)
1 3 7 5 . 4.v 4 //-p 4 z 7 = 0, 10.v -f // 4z 5 = 0.
1 3 7 6 . 8 + 5 / / 9z 24 = 0.
1377. + B y + Cz -j- D V /1= + ' -f C2 d =0 .
1 3 7 8 . rf = -1^ 2~ A L _ ,( |3 7 3 - L_
/I2 -j- 2 -f c 3 V 11
/1, , C , D,
, Bj C, D 2
A , B , C , D t
A x B 4 C4 D 4
IS 8 0 . mod
/l.B jC j
/ U B n Cn B; + C=
A t B t C\

1333. -M // 2 z 2 9 = 0. 1 3 8 2 . (0, 0, 3). 0 3 8 3 . (0, 3, 0).


1 3 8 . 2* -j- ij Az -I-17 = 0, 2,v + // 4z 25 = 0.

'6- { - w *'4 ). (- ' ) -


1 3 8 7 . (3-|- \) x 4f/ + 6 z 2 = 0. __________
1 3 3 8 . l ( x x0)+ r n (ij y g)-t-n(z z0) d V l 2-\-m* + n* = 0.
8 3 8 9 . 6.v + 3// - 2z 75 = 0, - - I - 3 + 2 z 19
10 =
- 0.n
_3
0 j . 1391. --
, 9 - 1 - s - ! 2
1 3 9 2 . x + 2//-j-2z 9 = 0. // 2 = 0.
13 9 2 . : Ay 5 = 0, 387* 16!// 24z 421 = 0 .
x+ 1 , , x -[- 2// -|- 3z 6
1 3 9 4 . x = = (2.V //), 2' -
16
1 3 9 5 . x '- - x , //' = //, z ' = (2- + 3// 6-|-6).
X -|-2//-j-5z -(-1 2x //-j-1
1396. . = . =
V /5 6
1428] 419

x - j- // -}- 1 //- -1-1 (/-


1337. ' //
Vr 3 / ' /2
1 3 9 3 . 1) X : = 2 -1-2/, - 3 - 1 - 3 / . 1 + 8 / ; 2) x = 7 t, // = 1,
z = 2 + t\ 3) x 1, = 1.
3 9 3 . 1) !/; // = 7/; z = 4f; 2) * = /, // = 8 4/,
= 33/.
1 4 0 0 . 1) 3 3 = 0 , + 4 + 1 7 = 0; 2) 5 -{-5 = 0, +
+ 5 = 0 .
1403. 1) ; 2) ;
3) .
1 4 0 2 . , D , .
1 4 0 3 . 1) : = 3 + 4/, = 5 3/, \\ 2) : + 2 / / + 10 = 0, 1= 0.
1 4 0 4 . 1) * 4/v + 6 = 0, = 0 ; 2) . + 5// 38 = 0, = 0.
1 4 0 5 . 1) ( 1; 7,5; 0), (2, 0, 3), (0, 5, 1); 2) (6, 2, 0),
(0, - 1 4 . 15). 1 4 0 6 . ( - J & T . - 2 - , '
(* , ) ^2 4j Z2 Zj
8 4 0 7 . 1) ( 3, 5, 5)
9: + 10 7 58 = 0; 2) ; 3)
5.v 22// + 19 + 9 = 0; 4) .
1 4 0 8 . 1) ( 3, 0, 4)
+ 4 + 5 1 1 = 0 ; 2) ; 3)
4.V + 3 //-0; 4 ) .
4 0 . 1) ; 2)
]2 3// + 8 = 0 ; 3) ; 4 )
(10, 1, 0) 7 + 17 = 0.
1411. ) (0, 0, 2);
2) ; 3) ;
4}" (2, 3, 1).
3412. 1) (2, 4, 6);
2) ; 3) .
1413. ( 6 , - 2 , 6). 1414. = 1-1-4/, // = 2/, = / .
1415. 4 : + = , // + 2 + 9 = 0.
1416. 2// + 2 = 0, x-7y-\-3z 17 = 0.
1417. 4' + 3// = 0, 13.v + 2 8 = 0.
9418. 9// + 5 + 20 = 0, 2 5 + 9 = 0.
1 4 1 9 . \ I/o
-( -i !/
/ I
Xf 0 ijs 0
I // [ //0 , 0 .
/
1 4 2 0 . 3// + 5 = 0. ! 4 2 i . 20 + 19// 5 + 41 = 0 . 1 4 2 2 . 18: .
_ //-|- 47 = 0. 1 4 2 3 . 3// + 1 1 = 0 . 1 4 2 4 . 5 + 6 = 0.
1425 (, , + , . + ,.)( ,/ + ,/ + ,/)( ./ + ./// + ,)>0.
1 4 2 6 . - = 3 /, :2 + /, = 1 + /. 1 4 2 7 . - .,_ 0.
1 4 2 8 . 1) cos = c o sf, = _ l , cos V = } | ;
. 12 9 20
2) 5 = 2 3 > COS b = 25
, COS = jrp
25 *
420 [14 2 9

1 4 2 9 . 1 = = ( 3). 1 4 3 0 - cos . 1431. <, =

= 2 = ,= ~ . 1 4 3 2 . cos = ; cos = , cosy=^-.

1433. 5 = + -
195'
9
1434.
]) W r r 2) 7
33 1
1 4 3 5 . arcsin 'v __' . 1 4 3 6 . arcsin ------- -r=z .
V 4 / 2 10/ 1 9
1 4 3 7 . x z + 4 = 0, y 0.
1 4 3 8 . 5x 13// 12z 4-20 = 0, 2x 2// + 3z 5 = 0.
1 4 3 9 . X = XQ~\-At, y =z!)o~\~Btl z = z04-C /.
<1440. z j = y ? .= z ii
5 3 7
3 18
1441. (7, 1, 0). 1 4 4 2 . (4, 1, 3). 1 4 4 3 . x , *=
1 4 4 4 . 4x -\-by 2z=-0. 1 4 4 5 . (2, 9, 6).
1 4 4 6 . . 1 4 4 7 . 4x + 5z 0, 41 63 = 0.
1 4 4 8 . ij 2z = 0, x 3. 1 4 4 9 . y-\-2z 8 = 0, x-\-2y z -|-5 = 0.

1 4 5 0 . x + y + z 1 = 0, x 1 = 0 .^ 1 4 5 1 . / .

.4 5 2 .., / f 2)8 | / | .

1453. x-\-3y = 0, 3 x y-\-A z 12 = 0, h = l / "

18 16
1 4 5 4 . 1) .r -- - ; 2) 0 ( ); 3)

1 4 5 5 . 3. 1 4 5 6 . 1
V 6
1 4 5 7 . (r j) ( , r0) 0 r = r , -|-H(rj 0) -|- .
1 4 5 8 . ( ,) = 0.
1 4 5 9 . ( ) 8 = 0 = 0 + + 2.
1 4 6 0 . 0 4- D r"

i 4 s i . r . + a (r - r; )ftfl.
1 4 6 2 . ( ) ( , 0) , = 0, ( 0) (2 ) 2 = 0.
1 4 6 3 . ( 0) lnj = 0, rn = D. 1 4 6 4 . rt 4- .

1 4 6 5 . 2 , 84 -2 ( ~ ^ - .
-
1497] 421

466' ra+ ~ rf n. 1467. + 2 -.



I4S0. + (| [ '11-

1 4 6 9 . 0 + 2 (|~ ^ |, [at>l.
1470. D, (234) + Ds (,4,) 4- D, (4,2) + , (,,2) = 0.
1471. [\ [,2] = D, ( .,) D . (,,).

I *72- | + + 3 [] . 1473. r = [aM[ I at


, 2 , * " a2
.... [aM] D
1474. ^ + -------------------
a2 a /
(J , e , D r0 -\-dn
1475. r0- - a -------- !!---------- .
an
47. 1) an 0; 2) an = 0; 3) an = 0, r0n D; 4) an = 0,
r0n = D.
1477. 1) (r2 r,) a ,a 2 =r 0; 2) ( r,) a ,a t = 0, [a ,a 2] ^ 0;
3) [ , ] = 0; 4) [a 1a =] = 0, [(/% r,) a,] ^ 0; 5) [ 1 ] = [(2 /,),] = ().
1 4 7 8 . ( ro) a // = 0. 1 4 7 9 . ( r r0) a b = 0. 1 4 8 0 . (r ro) a 6 = 0.
1481. ( r - W . y < m ] = 0 n{[ra ] ) = 0.
1482. (r r0) ([) 0) a 0 (r r0) ( [r0a]) = 0.
1483. (r r j a , [a Ia.] = 0, (r r2) a . [ a ,^ ] = 0.
1484. ([ra,] M t) a ta t = 0, ( [ r a j M2) a ,a , = 0.
IviQR r-r.. . 11_ .
1485. [r [lW2]j Dnfiy

Dy, r_[(DjWj
r
)|Wj>)j;[rtjWj]] ( r w
[2] t.
Vl lnl\
1486. ( r r0) a = 0, (r r0) (r , ro) a = 0.
1 4 8 7 . ( /-,) , , = 0, " ^ -^ 1 = 0 .
488. ( r r , ) a = 0 r ( [ r a ] ) + / = 0 .
( 4 8 9 . I D.H, , . [r, [,,|] I 0
I I",] I
1491. ., = 0, 0, ,,1 ^ 0 f . w,l 0,
D, [2,] + 2 [ ) + , [ ] ^ 0.
1492. tiltinti3= 0, ln ,n tr + [ 2,]* + [ ,,] ^ 0,
[ 2,] + >, [,,] 4- Dj [ , ,] = 0.
1493. , , , ?= 0, , 4 , = 0, 2, 4 ?0, ../4, $ 0,
D, (,/,/4) + >, ( , 4 ,) + D, ( 2 4,) + D4 ( , , 2) 960.
1494. 3[//,//] = DynMi Dzn xn 3.
|45> . (1 [ 1 .]] [I [.-.,) [;,,]
[,2]
1496. (*1+ (rfl)
3
1497. (,0) ( /20) , (20) (,0) , (, 0) (, 0)
.
422 [1498

1 4 9 8 . . _ W . + W . + W W
( [ ,] + ( 2 ,] + [ ^ ,] )
1499* 1) [] 0; 2) [ , 2] = 0; 3) [,:] = 0, D,w >2 , = 0.
1 5 0 9 . 1) 6 0; 2) = 0; 3) = 0, n a M a2D ; 4) 0,
a zD = 0.
1 5 0 !. .
.
(
90).
1502. [(* ) + ( b)- + (z )2] cos2 < [(.* ) cos +
+ (.(/ 6) cos 0 + (z ) cosy]2. 1 5 0 3 . ' 1 - - ^ 2- + 2 1 = 0 .
1 5 0 4 . + i/z + zx 0. 1 5 0 5 . xs + //2 + z2 2 2.vz 2// = 0.
1 5 0 3 . 19.v229(/4!z3 + Suz 304* + 512// -|- 128 +
+ 1 2 1 6 = 0 . 1 5 0 7 . 2.V1 -j-// + z2 2yz 2 = 0.
,5 0 3 . ! ^ + 4 = 1. 1 5 0 9 . ^ + il= l. 1510.
' ' a2 a- b~b-
z2
+ -ij = ! .

1511. t -p: = l. 1512. -\-y2= 2pz. 1513. = + | ? .


a- b- 2p 2q

1514. * + * * - i 4 g * y = r > . 1515. +


, I z0 x x j 3 ,j x x0 y y0 I* ,
\)
cos mea
cos I I IjI cos
rnQan rrc
cos ft(3 *

1 5 1 6 . T = J =
= ------. 1 5 1 7 . r + z 2= [ / ( x ) I2.
Vx' + , f - r V x 2+ y * + x
I51C. x2+_y2= f2(z)+ g *(z ). 1 5 1 9 . ,v = rcos2 //, y = rs in u cos u,
sin u.
1 5 2 0 . ;
0z v
0z .
Oxz
z = /( * ) . ~ 0 .
. , v
Af, ,
/VI , 0 3 , = / ( ) .
,
v.
1521. cos v, tj a sin v, z = u, v
, (Oz)
,
.
* 6~~~
5522. .Y= ch z ----- ^ z=
= In (.v i
r= {u c o s y , // sill V, III ( 2 1 )}.
1555] 423

1523. ,
Oz ; 1
Oz, v ,
.
1524.
Oz 45.
1525. r = {v t sin a cos /, vt sin sin /, / cos }.
1526. :
(-{-#)* + 2 ( -{-//) = 0 ( ) 4 + 2 [(.
)2 2 (- ) ] -|- 4 = 0. 1527. ^ ( + ) ( '-)

~ ^ ( ) ' ( -)j 8 '- ^ (-' ) ( 2) + y s ( ) (&

-j- 1 64//4 = 0.

1523. 1 ~ J ( j 1 J - % = 0. 5 2 . a*tfi = 2 p z ( x - a ) * .

1 5 3 0 . / z~ 2px ( ). 1 5 3 1 . bzxyz =
= 3 (-2 ~ 2)-
1 5 3 2 . []2= 2. 1 5 3 3 . [a r]: a :r : sin2 . 1 5 3 4 r v r{u ).
1 5 3 5 , r = r ( u ) + v a . 1 5 3 8 . r = r 0 -{-v ( ( ) ).
1 5 3 7 . [ ( - 0) ! * - = [ ( /* ( ) 0) ] 2.
1 5 3 8 . { ) -j- v a { ) .

1533. r = r 1+ ual -{-


(, , + ,) (/, ,) ,
+ v /*2 , ,.
(. -,,) 3
1 5 4 0 . 1) ( 6 , - 2 , 3), 7; 2) ( 4, 0, 0), = 4; 3) (1, - 2 , 3),
/1 0 14 5 \
= 6; 4) (0, 0 ,3 ), 4. I54J. ( , - , g-J , r = 3.
/" BD CD
CD \
1542.
V + + *
- 24- * + * + 2 j
1543. , , ,
D .
( 7 4
1 5 4 4 . 1) ; 2) ( , ,
3
3) .
15 4 5 . / ( ) -1 - { ) -|- { ) = 0 . 1 5 4 S . 2 -(-// + 2 1 3 = 0 .
1 5 4 7 . ( 0) + ( !/0) + ( 0) = 0 ().
1 5 4 8 . 2 -1- + Rx = 0 ().
1 5 4 9 . ( ) ( 0 ) - | - ( ) ( //) - | - ( ) { z 0) = 0 .
1 5 5 0 . [ ( ,,) + ( i/o) + z (z z u)I2 = R [ ( a a 0) 2 -|- ( y - i i j - -I-
- f ( 0)2]. 1 5 5 8 . 6 a - (- 2y + 3z 55 = 0.
1 5 5 2 . ( a o a) ( a a J + ( / / # b) (y //) + (0 ) ( z0) = 0 .
1 5 5 3 . 0 - f y 0r / - l - z 0z R - = 0.
1 5 5 4 . * -)- - - 2 9 = 0.
1 5 5 5 . 2 + i f -I- 2 2 -1 -1 6 // = 0.
424 [ 1 356

33
1556. 1 + { + 1 + 27 + 21 2 + 1 0 = 0.
1557. , S ,S t .
1558. R 2 (A i + B2-\-C1) D* = 0. :
( AR* BR1 CR2\
[ D D D )
1 5 5 9 . + + 2 + 4 4 = 0
. . , , , 58 . 1 1 6 144 188 _
* + " , + * - * + | ' 5 - -
1 5 6 0 . + 2+ ( 1)* = 12 * + /1 + ( + 4)* = 27.
1561. / = = - ,
,, ".
I t I I 2 \ | 2 j
, Atx 4 - B 1y + C1z + D v = + + -\-D2.
1 5 6 2 . ( 3 ) + (// 2)* + ( 2 ) 2= [2 ( - 3 ) + 2 ( - 2 ) + ( - 3 ) ]
[ 2 ( 3) + 2 (// 2) + 2] = ( 3) + / ( 2 ) -\- ( 2).
1 5 6 3 . * + /+ = 0 ,9(+ 2 + 2) = [ ( * - 1 ) + ( - 2 ) + ( + I) J2.
1 5 6 4 . ' ? , >= , ^ , ' = ** .
+ //- * - + //* + 2 -f- 1/2 -J- 2
1 5 6 5 . 2 + 2 + 2 = 0.
1 5 6 6 . 2 + ,/ + 2 + ( ^ + ~ + ) 1= 0.

17. ^ + 5 6 8 .4// 5 = 0. . ( .
/ * .+ ^ + ^ + V2 12 12^'
1572. ( + + *) * = | - * " ~> |* + 1 ~ |! +

+ | 7 7 0
15 7 3 . \ ~- 4- \ .*/ 2> 4- | 2 2,- -, |2 =
| / W, I //2, , | , /, I
= |* 1/2 I2 . / 2 | , | z 2 2 |*
I /2 [ I 2 |^ [ /2 j *
1576. 1) 3; 2) 2; 3) 1; 4) 3;5) 3; 6) 2; 7) 3; 8) 2; 9) 1.
1 5 7 7 . 1) (0 D )2> R 2n*-, 2) (r cn D )2= R 2n2\
3) (0 D)2 < -V .
1 5 7 8 . (,:-}-1// + , + D , ) = (/12 + 5 2;/ + 2 + )2) =
= i (>1,a -f- B 3y + C 3z -J- D3) ( ), 2-\-2-\-
+ 2= 1 (1 = 1, 2, 3).
1579. (x 0 - a ) 2 + (/,0- * ) * - f - ( 20- t ') * < /? * , ( + + +
+ D) (0+ 0+ Cz0+ D ) < 0.
\ \ 2 __ DI I .\, , ..
1 2 Is
I
1580. , ,
I LI j
, | , , 1= , | !2~]
/ 1 4 / IJ
1607] 425

1581
.
J) j m n > I*
I +4 - I
| i + | /
",'1 I1*-4-1< m \ jI* >
> R 2 (I* tn1+ n2); 2) , > < .
1 5 8 2 . { - )- ' ( ) + ( z - c ) R V + + 2 = 0.
1 5 8 3 . < 1)2- (/ 4)* + ( 3)2= 17.
1 5 8 4 . 2 (r 1- r i ) r = - R \ + r \ + R l - r l
1 5 8 5 . 2 ( r 1- r :) r = - R ; + R l + r * - r l ,
2 ( r , - r , ) r = - R\ + R \ + r \ - r \ .
1 5 8 6 . -
( R ; R\ + r\ rp [(r, ra) (r, r4) ] l
2 (/-, r t) ( , r s) ( r , r 4)
(/?;/?;+ rfr;) [(r, - r4) (r, - rf)]
2 ( , r , ) ( r , r s) ( r , r4)
(/?! ^ -b rj r*) ]( r , r.) (r, ra)]
J
2 ( - ) (rt r3) (r, r j
a ( r , r0) VR~a~[a (r,rr>)j2
1587. -f- flt
a
f r m J- PI
1588.

1589. I / R 2- ^ J-^~ 1590.* > D, S ( ), = / 2 D.


r In |
r : j

1591. r 2 rn = 0 (). 1592. n r ^ - R 2 ().

1 5 9 3 . ( a * r 2) r 2 + 2r 0r/?2 4=0(). I 5 9 4 .( r o0) (r 0 ,,)=0.


15 9 5 . 8x* -f- 5y 2+ 5z* Axu + 8i/z + + 16* + ] Ay -{- 22z 39 = 0.
/01596. * + + 72 \6xtf 8xz 8/ + 62 + 44// 32z 11 = 0.
1597. 27 [ ( x - 1)2+ (// 2) 2+ (z - 3)2] = 4 (2x + 2y - - 3)2.
1598. (jt 5) 24 ( ^ + z2) = 0.
,5 9 9 . ^ _ 5 | ) % ( _ ^ ) ' + ( _ 1 ^ - ) _ 1.

. ( . - + 21 ' - 2 ) ( - 2 * + 2| - 2 +

+ ( , + 2 * 3 = 2 I ) 1. 36.
I6G I. 8 {*2- f //2)(z 6)* = 0 ( ).
1 6 0 2 . (10* 5// 5 + 2)2 + ( + 1 5 + 11 )2 + (5* + 5
10 + 13)2= 294.
1 6 0 3 . 5. 1 6 0 4 . 6. 1 6 0 5 . 1) 2; 2) 4; 3) 1; 4) 2.
1 6 0 6 . 18 + 502+ 75*z + 225.V 450 = 0.

1 6 0 7 . : r = r 0 + >, ^ ~ ) ] * ^ *

" : ( _,|
426 [lf0 3

,
.

1 6 0 9 . 1) [[aft] [a /] [aft]2 > 0; 2) [[aft] [0]] 2 [aft]2 < 0;


3) [[aft] [0\\ 2 [a ftf = 0, [aft] 0; 4 )[a ft]= 0 ,
[ar0] = W .
1610. 1) {(aft)2262 cos2 } {(ar0)2 rtV2 cos2 ,}
> {(aft) (ar0) a2 (r0ft) cos2 }2 > 0; 2) [ruft |= 0 ; 3) [roft ]= 0 , (aft)2 =
= ' cos2 ; 4) {(aft)2 asbs cosa ,} {(/*0)2 a2r*cos2?.} {(&)(0)
- (r0ft) cos* }2 < 0; 5) (a b )' a-b2 cos2 0, {( ab )2
2&2cos2 } {(0)2 a'-r\ cos2} {(aft) (ar0) a2 (r0ft) cos2 ,}2 = 0.
1611. (,)2 < aV2 cos5 .
1612. ( 0) + / ( 0) -\- ( ) = 0
.

s + r + B - 1* * 4- + + * -' ,6,5 +9!+


-2=1. . 10 + 15 + 6 90 = 0.
1617. aM 2 + fc2i32+ c2C2 = D 3.
618. 2.42 -- - -\-~ > D*.
1619. (2 -f- ~ -j- z~Y a-- -|- -f* c-z-.
.. ( &AD c2C D \ .
IG 20. ( ----- ------ , ------ ) = - - + 6"" +
-)- 2.

,6 2 1 . ! + + _ ( + 4 ) = - .
- b- - \ - - J
1 6 2 2 . 3 2 -1 -9 //+ 7 2 2 = 0 .
BS23. * + + <-~ >=0.

5 2 4 . ( + - $ + - ? ) - R ! ( ^ + f s - + c4 ) = 0 -
I 6 2 S . , -\-B y -\--\-D = 0.
1 6 2 7 . .
V 1(2*' 1)" V *
1 6 2 8 . -- a -z -|- 0, X -
~ ~ - 2
1.
1 6 2 9 . :

^ + *- -1= \
I- - S63 - - 1629'
______ _____
1631. Y - b2t, ~ 0, = ~ 2/.
1672] 427

2) (3z 2 ) ( 3 ) 2 (3 z 2 ){2 ,v) + ( ) (2/ ) = 0


x + (2 2 / 3 ) ( 6 3 / ) z , + (2 + 2 / 3 ) (6 + 3 / 3 ) = 0.
,. <*
*) I ') |*<>(*
*)
" 2 2 2
1 6 3 9 . 2-\-2= 12 14 + 10.
1 6 4 0 . 2-(- tj2 2 2az .
1 6 4 1 2 2+ 2 0 .

1 6 4 2 . 2 2yz= 1. 1 6 4 3 . 2 2 az + ^ ( + ) 2 = 0.
1644. = (1 ), ( -{- z) = 1 + = v (1 -|-//),

v ( + ) = 1 , cos 0 = ] ^.
1345. 45.
1648. cos V + / 2 1 (1 5 v ) , ( o s V / 2 1) =
= 1 sill V.

7 1 -- 1 - ~ 1- 1-
16 1 1 1 1 1
1648. ( 0) + ( ij0) z ( 0) = 0.
1849. yz zx = 0 ().
1650. z2-\-xy xz yz = 0. 16 5 !. 9f/2-j-4z2 10z + 4 = 0.
16 5 2 . (2+ 2) (1 + 2) + 2* = 0.
1654. 1) = 0, 0; 2) + = 0, = 0.
1655. ( 0) + ( //0) ( z0) = 0.
1657. .
8658.
.
1659. 1 6 8 0 . 0{) 2 -j- 2+ 2 = 2 64-
~ -
X* (j* Z * * Z2 1
1881. "^ + 5 = * ^ ^ - | -
"
= const.
z : ?:

^ 2 - = = - ^ = - ,6 8 - - + * - + - ? - < 1-
1 8 8 4 . ( ) 3 - + ( y - y 0) J f e . + ( z - z0) | 3- = 0.
[ 0 (
I V --- ) ,
( Y (-) , zo(z zoy\ _
1885.
L-- 2--- 1--------*-1--- 5--- J
( 0) ( 0) (Z z0)2l / 2 * Z* \

[ 2 + 2 + 2 \ 2+ + * )'

" ( ^ + ) - < * - ,
1 3 6 8 . .
1672. ,
Xs + 2-\-k2z2 \, k 0.
3 7 2 . , , ,
, .
428 [ 14575

1675. 1
1.

1678. z -j- ^= 0.

1678. , , , .

+ - + j _
\ - 3 /
( -\- 1 1).

. ( - = ) - )= .

1 6 8 2 . -~-\-------- ~-< 1* *683. *-\-2 = 0, \ 0,


2 (

V2 //* 2*
1684. 2z = -f-~ .
- - 2
1686. > ,
< ,< 2,
< X < 3.
1688.
:
uv - |- 1 , v uv 1
= ; , , ; ;
v v -j- + v

: A' = a c o s H t g o , b sin tg v, = - .
1689. 1) :3 + //* k2z2 j.is; 2) -f- if + 5 2{ixz + 2 yz -}- a4t = 0,
a < P2 -j- *, axl < 0.
1 6 9 0 . 1 ) x1+ y : k*z* = 2; 2).vs - f i f - f az5 - f 2p*z -f- 2yyz -\-
+ a4i = 0, a < p! + , a41 > 0.
1693. , , , .
Bq : if
1694. * = = ~ ~ *695. ~ < 2z0.

1696. ^ { - 0) + - { - ) = - 0.
// 1/
1697. : -
2+ = z 4 - zn:
q 0
1748] 429

1701. .
1 7 0 5 . , , ,
.

1706. * = - ^ . = -- 0 1 .^ ( - ,)- * ( - , )= -

1 7 0 8 . 2 = Lx, X 0.
1713. .

1716. : = - ~ , ------- q ( pq);


"
= <7 (
): = 0, 0, = * .
1 7 2 0 . (1, ], 1); X 2 + F2 + Z2 + 2AT 2YZ + 6 X Z 1 = 0.
1721. = 1 , y t, z t, 4 X Y + 4X Z 1 = 0 .
1 7 2 2 . Ojj (x a 0)2 + oj2 ( 0)2+ 1( 20) +
+ 2,2 ( 0) (////) - 2 ( 0) ( ) + 21 ( 20) ( 0) +
+ = 0.
17 2 3 . X + r + Z = 0 . 1 7 2 4 . X Y Z = , {, 0, 1}.
1725. 4 4 + 1 = 0 . 1 7 2 6 . {0; 1; 0 }. 1727.
1 7 2 8 . + 1 = 0 , 2 = 0.
1 7 2 9 . z = l ; 2 3// = 0. 1 7 3 0 . 7 + 1 7 + 19z + 19 = 0.
1731. .
,
.
17 3 2 . .
, ,
.
17 3 3 . 4 / / + 2 = 0. 1 7 3 4 . (, 0, 1).
17 3 5 . 1) = 135; 2) = = 60, = 1 5 .
17 3 6 . a + // + 2 z + 5 = 01_ a + ( - 3 8) 5 2 / 8 = 0.
1 7 3 7 . z = 2 k ( V 3 + // 2), k ( x 2 ) = ' y + z .
1 7 3 8 . = , ( + ) = 1 y-\-z v t
= 0 .
739. ( + + 1 ) = + 2 + 2, + 2 + ! = ( / / + ).
1 7 4 0 . 2 1 = 0 , + 2 + 3 = 0 II 2 + 2 = 0, + / / + 2 = 0.
1741. + 2// 2 = 0 + 2 = 0. 1 7 4 2 . 4 by 2 2 + 2 = 0.
17 4 3 . 2 -|- 2 / / 2 + 2 2 , = 0.
1 7 4 4 . 1 42 8//2 = 0; + 2</ + 22 2 = 0.
1 7 4 5 . .
,
, :
:) ; (2 ) 2 = 0

^ \ + \ + 3 ; + 2 ( 2+ \ + \ ) + = 0.

1 7 4 6 . , = 0 , _ -\- 2 ji = 0. _
1 7 4 7 . 2 + 3 Y~2 2 = 9 2, 3 Y~2z 2x = 9 ~2.
1 7 4 8 . (3 2 2) // + , = 0, X
.
430 . [1749

7 4 . + 1 = 0 , jc + 2 2 = 0 + 1 = 0 , -\-4 4 = 0.
1 7 5 0 . jc+ 1 = 0 . </ + = 0 .
1 7 5 1 . 1) 2 + ;/ = , // + 2 2 = 0;
2) 2// -f- -(-2 = 0, 2//-(- 3 = 0;
3) -f 2 -}- -|- 4 = 0, 3,v 2// + Z 6 = 0;
4) -j- -|- + 1 = 0, -\- + 3z-(-2 = 0;
5) 2 7/ -{- z 3 0, 2 7// - -(- 1 = 0;
6) ( 1 + + -|- 7) = 0.
1 7 5 2 . I) ; 2) ; 3) -
; 4) ; 5) ;
6) ; 7) ; 8)
; 9) ; 10)
; 11) .
1 7 5 3 . 1) Z = 2 4 Y :

( i f " I" ) ^ Z = X 2-f-3V2 c


(0, 1, 2); 3) X 2-f-2K2 3Z2 = 0 ( 1 , 1,
I); 4) -\- = 0; 5)
Z2 = 5X; 6) Z = 22; 7)
X 2 Z2
Z2 22 = 1; 8) = 1

(3 , 1, 1); 9) X s F 2 + Z2 = 0; 10)
X2 Y2
( 1) 0; 11) + -----

Z2
7-^=1 (5, 2, 3); 12)
1
X 2 2 = 2 Z; 13) X 2 10 = 0; 14)

X 2-j-Z2= l ; 15) { I)2 + (^ + - | - j -|-z2 =


/ 2 \ 2 16
16) ( 1 ) 4 - ( -\-~ J = - - ; 17)

2 + 2 Z2 = 0; 18) (2 1) ( 2 ) = 0 .
X 2 ^2
S 7 5 4 . -j------ - |-

' ) VV 6
Z2 / 1 2 2 \
3 = 1, , , -- ;

, = / , ------ ~ I
\ 3 V 3 )
' / 1 2 1 \ f 1 n - 1 I
~ \ ' ' |/e' f u r 1 \V~2 ' / 2/ '
1763] 431

X3 2
1 755. ----- 2
- ~ ~~ = 1,

x = t , y 2-\-2t, 1 /, '

= 1 ----- - U , - , - 4 = 1 , O 'Y [ = { = , 0, ~ \ .
1 I / 3 /3 /3 / 2 \Y2 V 2)
756. 6 * 2 } ' = 0.
1 7 5 7 . 2 3y-\-z 1 V .
'2 2 Z2
1753. ^ { j = 1, (1, 2, 1),

e- - Jl 1
' " j j ' r
13 1| 1 e ' - l l 1' i l l e - \ JL ) _3'32 13 1I
| 3 3'3 /
X 2 Y2 z2
6 7 5 9 . ^ f -------- = 1,

5 15
^, 1,

;= i _ L , L_, o l , < ? := 1 - ^ = , - L , o \ , e ' = { o, o, n .


Cl \v 2 V 2 I 2 3 ' \V 2
' V 2 i
87G0. + 2Z2 = 0, (1, 1, 1),
, , {2, 1, 2\.
X2 Y2
I76J- g j j 2Z. -

2 1
, ,

{ 7 0} ^1, 11 1,
, ,
( 1 19 1 \
, ).
Xs 2
7 3 2 . 1, (0, 1, 0)
; {1, 0, 1 } ;
{1, 1, 1} j 1, 2,1}
, .
ys
7. 1) j------1 j--------- = 1,

3* ~2
' ( 1
\ -----, --------- 2 , 2 \I ,
432 [1764

__ 1_ J _ __ 1 ) JL . 1 1
\ /1 /1 / / //
> { ? 0' ' } : |
2) '2-f 2 , 5: 2 -\-
*{- 5 = 0; ~\~z 1 0;
3) X2 ? ~ ,
-\-2 5 + 1 = 0 , / + + 1 = 0 .
, = ) ~ - 0 , ------,
1 /2 /2 /

!= { 7 1 ' F l} '
X2
,7 6 4 . = 2 2 ;

7 / 4
4 2
= ---- , q p=.\ .
7/14 /1 4
O'XZ,
j l , 2, 3(. '
}4, 1, 2}. '
} 1, 2, 1}, 0'

1765. 7* 22
8 Z D ( 183 499 509 \ D
~7! , [-rn - - )- - " ^ -
', , {2, 4, 1} {1, 1, 2}.
{3, 1, 2}
( O'XZ).
17 6 6 . 1) ;
; 2)
; .
17 6 7 . 1)
, ;
2) , .
1 7 6 9 . = 1; { = / 2 / , = 0 ,
K t = 0, /* = 4 /t 1 7 7 0 . ab + bc + ca = 0.
1771.
., = ., = 1, = 0, X.r-{-2-f \ 1 = 0 .
1 7 7 2 . 2.2 + (\ / 5 ) 2= 0,
= 0, (1 + / 5 ) 2{/ = 0,
= 0, (1 / 5 ) 2 = 0.
1790] 433

1773. 1) < < 1 ; 2) 1


; 04
) 11 < < 1

; 4) ; 5) < < 1 -
; 6) rn 1
; 7) > 1 .
1774. 4,2 - f j-t2 4Xji 2 4| + 4 = 0. 1775. ~ - \ - - \ -

'22 + 2anxz + 2aityz + 2a3z = 0. , .


7 79 b = V J$ .
V
1777. , / , = 0.
1778.

2
1779. .
1780. ,
, , , .

1781. -~~\- > , - > 0 , -
1 ^ *

; < 0, ~ < 0, ;

- + < 0, -^ > , ;

~ +

> 0, - - < 0 , ;

- - +
' '
+ 0 .
1782.

. 1783. / , = 4 = / ( , = / , = 0, 1 0. 1784. 1) / , = /( , = ,
13
/J = 4 / /j/Cj < 0 ; 2) /* = 0, / , / 3 / fS 0
; 3) < 0, 3 /. = / 2, 2713= 1[.
n V *
1 7 8 5 . ----- ------ . 1 7 8 6 . .

1787. ~ -
, ;
,
'
,

.
1788. - . 1789. 2 F (0, 0, 0) - /, < 0 . 1790. /,-2(:0, , ) < 0.
434 [1791

2 Y - L
1791. t y a 1)!: = 872. /,- 2 ( 0, 0, z0) < 0.

1793. d= 2 1794. / 3 = 0, /<4 < 0 , / * = 4 / .

1795. 22 = 2X0. 1796. + ^=1.
' b
8 7 3 7 . //2 + 2 + * 0 2 2/ = 0.

7 9 8 . :2 + 2 -(- 2 + ^ 2 2 0.
799. ( + )2 + 2 = 2.
0 . -2 + 2 12 1- 2 + 32 = 0.
130 . 2-\-2 + z2+ 2x2 5 = 0.
.
,
''' 2 = 0.
230. 2 /2- f yz 2 rx = 0. . 2 + 3 yz-|- 6 +
-\-2 4 = 0 2 2;/ + 2 (/ + 4 + 2 // 4 = 0.
11804. 2 + 2 2 1 = 0.
1 8 0 5 . 2 + 322 + 62 1 = 0 .
. 1) a33z2-\-212 + 2 3 = 0; 2) 2 + 23z = 0.
, 6 ,
an = a l a2 = a2l = a = 0;
, a,3 = a23 = 0. 33 = 0.
( ; / + I)2 ( + 2 )3 ( + // + I)2 ,
1807. *

32 1 24 3
1 8 0 8 . + + 2 1 = 0 .
1 8 0 9 .
4 ( + // + 2)2 3 ( 2 z)2-\-(y 2 + 1)2 = 1.
1810* 2+ # 2 + (/2 + ) 2 2 / 2//// + 2 8 2 = 0,
1331. ^ I f __ L ( 1 2- ^ ' - '
+
2 2 2 \ 2 2) 2 2 ~

+ ^ = 1 , = 0 (, (5, ), (, |3, )

,
.
8812. ( a )F x -\-{y b )Fv -\-
+ (z c )F z = Q, 2 F (x, , ) = 0
. 13S3. 4-v2 + //2 2= 1 .
1814. ,, 0,2 1 3 , X
21 22 23 2
Z = 0.
1 2 3 (* + if
(.V2 + 2+ 2)
.
.
1828] 435

I815.fc** </* + (/2 1) * = (/* \). 1 8 (8 . kxt/ + (1 + 1) = 0.


1817. ** + </* + 2 = 0 , .
1818. * + * = 2.
1819. . /, /,
:
( X) l + a ltm + a ttn A$ = 0,
, , / + ( , , X) rn + 2, = 0,

311 + + ( X ) = 0,
/ + -{- = 0,
X
11 , 12 1
2! : ^ 2,
31 32 ^
/4 0
1 8 2 0 . 4 3 5 + 4 = 0. ,
,
.
1821. 2* + # + 2 + (-\-) 0 <
1 8 2 2 .
; / + ( 2 / 7") (2 ) = 0.
3
1 8 2 3 . .

2 - f - l = 0, + / + 1 = 0,
, , { 1 , 0, 1 }.
27/ 27+/
1 8 2 4 . ------ 2 + ------- - Y 1 1 = 0,
, :
: { / + 15,_ 12 4 /3 3 ^ _ 18 + 2 /},
: { 1 5 + / 3 3 , 12 4 / 3 3 , 18 + 2 / } .
1825. - = | + </ = - | + /, = 1 + /. 1 8 2 6 . </ + 2 = 0.

1827. - + - 2 + ,/?= 0, = 0 . -
2 ] ]
,*! + 2//* 2
[( <*)* + (// )2 + ( )3 /?] = 0 ,
/ j = 0 , /< = 0 , K t = 0.
1 8 2 8 . -V2+ //3-}- / 3 xz 1 = 0 . / , = /(^ = 0
, ass 2, 23= 0, * = 0;
.v3+ - 1 = 0, = 0,
: + //2 1 + 4} 1 + 2,3 + 225 = 0.
* + ~ + 5 1 0 .
436 [1829

1829 = \ , = . 1 8 3 0 . / ? = - ^ = . 1831. = L .
/3 2 ]/ 2
1 8 3 2 . D 2 < 2 + 26 -**,
; D2= 2 2+ 262 -*,
; D 2 > 22+ 22+ 22, .
1 8 3 3 . 2 > 2*-\-22, ;
** < 22+ 22 D 2-\-C2c2 22 22 0, ;
2 < 2 2-1-B"b2, D 2+ C 2c 2 22 22= 0,
; 22= A 2ar + 2 D , ;
* = 2 + 2, D = , .
1 8 3 4 . . 1 8 3 5 . . 1 8 3 6 . 22 >
> A :a2~\-B2b2, D ~ < C 2c2 22 22, ;
22 > A 2a2 Jr B 2b2, D 2 > 2 2 22,
; 22 > A-a2Jr B 2b2, D 2= C 2ci 22 2,
; 2* ~2 2 < 0,
; 22= 22+ B 2b2, D , ; 22=
= 2 2+ 262, D = , .
1 8 3 7 . C f , 2DC > B 2q -\-2, ;
, 2 DC = B 2q + ', ;
0, 2 DC < B 2q-\- 2, ; = 0, .
1 8 3 8 . , 2DC q B2-\-pA2, ;
, 2D C = <7 2-, ;
= , 7 2 2 ^ , ; = 0, qBi p A t = ,
.
1 8 3 9 . , 2* > 2 2+ B 2b2, D 0; ,
** < 2 2 + B 2b2, D 0; , 22<
< A 2a2+ B 2b2, D = 0; ,
> A 2a2-\-B2b2, D = 0; , *2= 2* -j- 262, D 0]
, 2*= A2a2-\-B2b2, D 0.
/ 2 b'1 a V 2
1 8 4 0 . ---- -------- + - ~~ + = 0, | / < 1.
' * b
+ ( <7) l / " ?. = 0, <JL
2
1
( <7) = 0 , < .

-&2 6 / + * + = 0 .
<. </ b Y a 2 -J-2
1 /- f ^ r ^ tJ V >"+*
)7 r - j - r
' + = 0, X | > 1.

1844. / 1 2 bVar-{- c*z-\-D = 0, D 0.


1845. .
1846. . / .
847. 11 12 ,
.,
!1 22 5 2 2,
3 = 0.
1 >
D 0
1859] 437

1848. , ^ ^ - = - L -----
' ' - '
, , 2-\-2< 1.
1849. .
Xs U2 2*
1850. = 1
>, R = a, b > , R = b.
1851. -\-By-\-Cz-\-D = 0, 24- * + * = 1
,
, 2 qB2-\-(p 7) = 0, D 1/2(7 ) -
1852. B y -\-Cz-{-D = Q
:
{- = 1, -- '" -f- B~b~,
* -jZ5~ )-} "" -- 2~ ,

+' ( ? ? ) + ( ? + ^ ) = ft
, > > .
1853. . ,
, .
1854. .
,

. ,
,
,
.
1855. .
.
1856. . :
;
,
?, .
, ~ 1 = , ~ ' = ; =
= .-1 , = \\~1, , = 1? = .
1857. .
, , O X Z , O YZ,
O X Y ,
2z = 2-\-2 + . | = -\-.. = 11.

1858.

- - f i ( * * + + *') + ? + ^ r + W - P = 0

. ,
,
.
1859. . ,}, 2 = {/4, . , /2}
,
, X , Y, Z ,
438 [1 8 6 1

2 - ( liF x -\-niiFy-\- n ,F z)2 j - ( L F x -J- rn2Fy -\-2 ) = 2

4- 1^1 (* + + 'hz) + hai + miaz + ') t-[A.2(/j*+


2
- \ - n u y -\- tu z ) -|- / jtf, + m 2a 2 + 2 1 2 a 3z , . e.
:, , . ,
, .
1861. .
.
1 8 6 2 . tg ,,2 ~~ 1 ^ ; -
-(--\-cz) 2-2
lr (2+ ) 22= 0.
1 8 6 3 . . , 9 ,,= ^ + ;
- - 2-~
, arb- '- -\-222= 0.
1334.
, , , ,
2 42
>3-{- Xa- + (iP2 3 3 /13 >3 -}- >.cr - f fi 2 ;
/1, 0 , , 1 Cj
2 2 2
/1, 3 3 \ \ Cj
/1, 0 ,
/ 1, 2
3 3 D 3-\-X - 1
1 , ,
/12 02 2
/13 3 3 I
[ ] [ ] [
= P=
2 X [N lN,\2
= {/ly, B j, C j ) (/ = 1, 2, 3).
1
8 3 6 5 . 2:2 62= 1 27?% jf = 0. -^== ;
1
, , . 1 8 6 7 . a' = a'-|- 2, (/' = //-[- z, z ' z.
/2
1 3 6 8 . (2, , 1). 1 8 6 9 . ' = , ' = 22, '
1 3 7 0 . ' - + 132, ' = + c~3z, z' = c33z.
1871. ' -\-~, ' 21 + 22, ' = c3Xx - f cyj j -+z.
1 9 9 9 2 1 9 9
1 8 7 2 . * =4 , 1+ | ; .

2 2 1 2
7 - + * + '
1 3 7 3 . ' = 2', = 2 , ' -{- -(- 2. 1874. * -{-
+ a22f/2 -f- 3,~ -|- (12+ 21) + ( + 31) *2 + (23 + 32) = 0.
1 8 7 5 . 1) { 6 , , 1} , {8, 8, 7} , {, , 1};
2) * = * , ' * ~ 3 \ ' * = 5*.
1887] 439

1 8 7 6 . t \ ~ { I, 1, 1},
[= {\ , 2, 1} = 0, 1}
, ;


\ , = 3, 2 = 6, 3= 2 e v , \
, , .
18 7 7 . , ,
:
( 1) + , + = 0 , 1 (, 1) + .,3 = 0,
-\-c32b -|- (33 1) = 0.
j 1-f- <
. 1
1 8 7 8 . cos = 11 -----
1 8 7 9 . (; :) -{- (csl 13) b -j- (Cjj c ls) > 0.
1 8 8 0 . <?= { 1, 2, 0}, cos =
. . 1877.
1081. + + ^= ,

1 8 8 2 . ' = [2 (1 cos ) + cos ] -\- [ab (1 cos ) sin ] -f-


+ [(1 cos ) + b sin ) , = [ab (1 cos ) + sin ] -[6 ( I
cos )-f-cos ] -\-\bc (1 cos ) a sin ] , ' = [ ( I cos )
b sin ] + [ b (1 cos ) + a sin ] + [2 (1 cos ) cos ]
' = r cos + [] sin -f-e (er) (1 cos ),
= { * . , ) , r' = {.v', ', '}
= { , , } ,
.
1 8 8 3 . 1) ( 2:1:1:0); 2) (1 :2 : 6:0).
1 8 8 4 . 1)
, (1:0:0:0); 2)
0,0.,:.,=:0, '4 = 0; 3)
0 , 0 , . 0 3 :.v4 = 0 .
1886. : ( ,: 2:3:4), (&,: : 3: 64);
, 1) al :a t :at:ai = : : bt : >4, ;
2) , : : 3 : b:b3, , ,
0 4 (0:0:0:1);
3) ax\az = -., , ,
.vs 0, .v4 = 0.
387. a. 3 a* i a. J 4
b*. v \ Vj V*. *4
1) = 0; 2) a.,
1 . 4
Q* " *
2 b\ . v 'x V2 3
3) ( ,^ + + u3a3+ 4 4) (u,/;, vJ k + u3b3+ o464) = (,/>, + usbs +
+ + A ) (uiai -i- vzaz+ vzai + v*aJ-
440 [1888

1888. , + 1 12 + 24 = 0, 7*1 + 17, 17, 4 = 0.


1889. , = 8 + 45|3, , = 27 360, , = 2 0 -|-308,
-1 6 + 5,
1890. , = , -f-OjjXj, xt = ailx1-\-atix1, xl a3ixt + aSixi ,
' = *33+ .
1891. x'1= X x l , xt = kxt , 8 = piXj, 4 = :4.
!8 9 2 . x ' = a l l x , + o 14x 1, x ' = 23 , + a 24x 4, x ' = c aix , + a , 2x
x4 Q4jX| -J- ai ,,x2. '
1 8 9 3 . ^ -\-axixt + a ux4, x' = fl21x, + o x , + a14x4,
X, = a3lxx + atlxt + aux4, x' = 4,, + 422 + 338.
1 8 9 4 . x ' = x 2 + x 3 + x4, xj = x , + x , + x 4, x ' = x j + x+ x 4,
x' = x , + x 2 + x,.
* 8 9 5 . a33xl + a44x* + 2a12x,x2 + 2a34x4x 3= 0.
1896. , ,

.
1 8 9 7 . ,
, (1:0:0:0) 0 2 (0 :1:0:0)
; :
\ + + Xj.Vj -}- 1*= 0|
:
2~ + ?vjX" -j- ?4 = 0, A,jX* -f- 2~ + 4 = 0.
, : XtxJ ,2* =
: ,
.
1898.
a ,/\Vl + aJFXl + 3 + bxF Xy + bjFx+ b3_FXi + btF Xk | _ (
0.
*1 + 2 - + * + 4 + , + 3 + b/LrXi
1899. x :tj:z :t

& * Lu
. ** <. * <
< V,, 4'f
* 11 Al
FVl , 1900. .. F t
-, , ,
= 0.
* Xt
1
* 7% vx % v z v t
A B} D
1901. F * F~t/ 2 * = 0 F z = 0;
.

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