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GEOTHERMAL

PRODUCTION EHHANCEMENT
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2014 BAKER HUGHES I NCORPORATED. ALL RI GHTS RESERVED. TERM S AND CONDI TI ONS OF USE: BY ACCEPTI NG THI S DOCUM ENT, THE RECI PI ENT AGREES THAT THE DOCUM ENT TOGETHER W I TH ALL I NFORM ATI ON I NCLUDED THEREI N I S THE
CONFI DENTI AL AND PROPRI ETARY PROPERTY OF BAKER HUGHES I NCORPORATED AND I NCLUDES VALUABLE TRADE SECRETS AND/ OR PROPRI ETARY I NF OR M ATI ON OF BAKER HUGHES (COLLECTI VELY "I NFORM ATI ON"). BAKER HUGHES RETAI NS ALL RI GHTS
UNDER COPYRI GHT LAW S AND TRADE SECRET LAW S OF THE UNI TED STATES OF AM ERI CA AND OTHER COUNTRI ES. THE RECI PI ENT FURTHER AGREES TH AT THE DOCUM ENT M AY NOT BE DI STRI BUTED, TRANSM I TTED, COPI ED OR REPRODUCED I N W HOLE OR
1 I N PART BY ANY M EANS, ELECTRONI C, M ECHANI CAL, OR OTHERW I SE, W I THOUT THE EXPRESS PRI OR W RI TTEN CONSENT OF BAKER HUGHES, AND M A Y NOT BE USED DI RECTLY OR I NDI RECTLY I N ANY W AY DETRI M ENTAL TO BAKER HUGHES I NTEREST.
GEOTHERMAL STIMULATION OBJECTIVES

Wellbore Scale Removal

Damage from Lost Drilling Fluid

Formation Natural Fissures Cleanup


2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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GEOTHERMAL STIMULATION OBJECTIVES

Wellbore Scale:

Best to Combine Mechanical


and Chemical Removal

Mechanical Removal: BHI RotoJet


2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Chemical Removal: BHI Sandstone Acid

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BHI Roto-JetTM / Roto-PulseTM System

Roto-JetTM High pressure jetting


Brittle scale removal
360o full fluid coverage
Stress Cycling

Stimulation
Open hole acid delivery
Perforation
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Slotted liners

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Roto-JetTM

Substances Jetted
asphaltenes
screens
calcium carbonate
Sand
filter cake
sulfur
barium sulfate
gypsum
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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ROTOJET
ROTOJET

Before After
RotoJet RotoJet
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Plugged Liner Section with base Liner Section after cleaning with
pipe removed consisting of calcium Roto-Jet + chemical treatment.
carbonate scale and other solids, The base pipe was removed after
containing fines. testing.
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2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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ROTOJET CLIPS
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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ROTOJET CLIPS
GEOTHERMAL STIMULATION OBJECTIVES

Wellbore Scale:

Best to Combine Mechanical


and Chemical Removal

Mechanical Removal: BHI RotoJet


2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Chemical Removal: BHI Sandstone Acid

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Scale Analysis Example
Nicaragua Momotombo Geothermal Field
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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LABORATORY ANALYSIS
THE SOLUTION TO ENHANCE PRODUCTION / INJECTION

Pumping Small Volumes (10 to 20 gpf) of a


Sandstone Acid System (typical volumes for
shorter zones = +/- 50 to 200 gpf).

Volumes Designed to Penetrate the Very Near


Wellbore Area only (inches).
(typical penetration for shorter zones = +/- 3 to 5 feet).

Coil Tubing with Rotating jets to Help Ensure


Good Zone Coverage Over Long Sections.
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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RESULTS
RIGLESS ACIDIZING WITH BHI SANDSTONE ACID
Production Rate, MWe
Preflush Main Treatment Postflush or
Well Well Type Injection Rate, TM/hr

Volume, (m3) Type Volume, (m3) Type Volume, (m3) Type Before After

6% Sandstone
Injector
TR11A 30 15% HCl 50 Acid 160 3% HCl 0 90
7% Sandstone
Injector
TR7 40 15% HCl 90 Acid 390 3% HCl 0 144
6% Sandstone
Injector
TR8A 10 15% HCl 40 Acid 100 3% HCl 14 65
8% Sandstone
Injector
TR14 60 10% HCl 100 Acid 320 3% HCl 0 180
6% Sandstone
Injector
TR-11A 20 Scale/Rust Cleaner 50 Acid 210 3% HCl 14 90
6% Sandstone
Injector
TR-1B 70 10% HCl 90 Acid 320 3% HCl 50 130
6% Sandstone
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

Injector
TR-11A 20 10% HCl 50 Acid 110 3% HCl 0 90
6% Sandstone
Injector
TR-11A 20 10% HCl 50 Acid 140 3% HCl 0 90
10%:5%
3.7 8.7
TR-17B Producer 80 15% HCl 100 Sandstone Acid 360 3% HCl

10%:5%
Sandstone Acid
3.5 4.8
TR-17A Producer 80 15% HCl 110 270 3% HCl
5% Sandstone
1.5 9.1
TR-18 Producer 120 15% HCl 80 Acid 320 3% HCl
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RESULTS
RIGLESS ACIDIZING WITH BHI SANDSTONE ACID

Production Rate, MWe or


Well Well Type Preflush Main Treatment Postflush Injection Rate, Tm/hr
Volume,
Type Type Type
Volume, m3 Volume, m3 m3 Before After

5% Sandstone
MT35 Producer 64 10% HCl 184 Acid 220 Fresh water 0 3.6

MT42 Producer - - 155 10% HCl 133 Fresh water 0 1.4

5% Sandstone
RMT30 Injector 64 10% HCl 184 Acid 220 Fresh water 90 150

5% Sandstone
RMT18 Injector 93 10% HCl 99 Acid 165 Fresh water 150 250
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

5% Sandstone
MT27 Producer 149 10% HCl 149 Acid 540 Fresh water 4.65 5.14

5% Sandstone
OM53 Producer 84 10% HCl 84 Acid 80 Fresh water 6.48 9.48

MT31 Producer 95 15% HCl 74 10% HCl 133 Fresh water 4.23 6.08

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GETHERMAL STIM. No.
1
Date
December-04
Client
Unocal
Location
Salak
Well #
AWI 1-1
Type of Job
Clean out with milling.

BHI INDONESIA
2 December-04 Unocal Salak AWI 9-1 Clean out with milling.
3 February-05 Unocal Salak AWI 8-7 Acidizing
4 September-05 Unocal Salak AWI 10-3 Acidizing
5 March-06 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 8-8 Acidizing
6 April-06 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 13-8 Acidizing

10 years experience
7 April-07 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 1-9 Acidizing
8 April-07 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 11-4 N2 kick off
9 June-07 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 11-6 Acidizing
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18 of 42 Rotojet
September-08 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 8-10 Acidizing
11 September-08 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 11-5 Acidizing
12 September-08 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 11-6 Acidizing
13 October-08 Chevron Geothermal Salak Salak AWI 19-2 Acidizing

acidizing or 14
15
16
October-08
December-09
December-09
Chevron Geothermal Salak
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
Salak
Darajat
Darajat
AWI 19-3
DRJ-13
DRJ-25
N2 kick off
Rotojet Clean out/Milling
Acidizing

cleanout jobs 17
18
19
January-10
November-10
November-10
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
Darajat
Darajat
Darajat
DRJ-10
DRJ-13
DRJ-34
Acidizing
Acidizing
Acidizing

2015 Campaign 20
21
22
November-10
November-10
November-10
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
Chevron Geothermal Salak
Chevron Geothermal Salak
Darajat
Salak
Salak
DRJ-36
AWI 13-10
AWI 18-1
Acidizing
Acidizing
Acidizing

with PGE 23
24
25
December-11
January-12
January-12
Chevron Geothermal Salak
Star Energy Geothermal
Star Energy Geothermal
Salak
Pangalengan
Pangalengan
AWI 21-2
MBB-2
MBE-3
Acidizing
Acidizing and Rotojet
Acidizing and Rotojet

Q4 Campaign with 26
27
28
March-12
May-12
May-12
Star Energy Geothermal
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
Chevron Geothermal Indonesia
Pangalengan
Darajat
Darajat
MBA-5
DRJ-3
DRJ-S5
Acidizing and Rotojet
P&A
P&A

Chevron 29
30
July-12
July-12
Star Energy Geothermal
Star Energy Geothermal
Pangalengan
Pangalengan
MBA-3
MBA-4
Acidizing and Rotojet
Acidizing and Rotojet
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

31 July-12 Star Energy Geothermal Pangalengan MBB-6 Acidizing and Rotojet


32 January-13 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-7 Rotojet Clean out
33 January-13 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-8 Rotojet Clean out
34 January-13 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-11 Rotojet Clean out
35 January-13 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-17 Rotojet Clean out
36 January-13 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-27 Rotojet Clean out
37 November-13 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-18 Rotojet Clean out
38 December-13 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-22 Rotojet Clean out
39 December-13 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-37 Rotojet Clean out
40 August-14 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-13 Rotojet Clean out
41 August-14 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ 20 Acidizing and Rotojet
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17 September-14 Chevron Geothermal Indonesia Darajat DRJ-23 Rotojet Clean out
SUMMARY

Wellbore Scale:
Combination Mechanical and
Chemical Removal

BHI RotoJet: Full wellbore coverage for cleanout &


acid placement
2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

BHI Sandstone Acid: Smaller volumes with same


solubility as HCL fluid
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2014 Baker Hughes Incorporated. All Rights Reserved.

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Thank you
Questions & Discussion