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MECANISMOS

UNIVERSIDAD INDUSTRIAL DE SANTANDER

DINAMICA

GERMAN ANDRES BEDOYA ARIZA


LUIS DAVID FONTECHA GARCIA
DOCENTE: LUIS A.BAUTISTA
FECHA: 06/06/2017
SEDE BARBOSA
I PERIODO 2017
RODADURA.
Para el sistema mostrado en la figura, calcular aceleraciones y fuerzas reactivas
asumiendo que el sistema parte del reposo.

DETALLE SISTEMA.

0.2 m
B 0.8 m
0.3 m

60 60 N
30

C
R

0.19 m

R= 0.4 m
Masa cilindro Mcil = 25 kg Masa del pistn Mp = 15 Kg
Masa Barra Mbc = 10 kg
INERCIA CENTROIDAL.
1 1
Icil = 2 2 = 2 (25)(0.4)2 = 2 Kg*2
1 1
Ibc = 2 2 = 2 (10)(0.8)2 = 0.533 Kg*2

CALCULO DE ACELERACIONES.
CINEMATICA.

Mtodo grfico.
Anlisis Cilindro.


B
B
0.3 m

0.3 *
+ 60

0.4 *

- 0.4 * = 0

Anlisis Barra BC.


0.8 *
Movimiento plano general.
30



B
0.3 *
60
0.8 m 0.8 m
0.8 m

30 30 30
C

Movimiento plano Translacin de Rotacin alrededor de C


Mtodo LAB.

0.3 * 0.8 *

60
30
30 60

= 0.4 *

0.3 (150)
= = 0.2165
0.8 (60)

0.3 (90) 0.4 (120)


= = 0.7464
(60)

0 = 0.4 *

= 0.2165

= 0.7464

ACELERACIONES CON RESPECTO AL CENTRO DE MASA.


= 0.4

0.8 *
30

0.4 *
30



0.8 m
30

= 0.7464

CINETICA.
GEOMETRIA.
B B
0.8 m
0.3 m
0.4 m
0.2598 m
30
60
0.6928 m C
0.3 m 0.15 m

DCL CILINDRO.

By

Bx

245.25 N =
2 10

Fa
Na

= = 10

= 0 245.25 = 0

= 0.15 + 0.2598 + 0.4 = 2


DCL BARRA BC.

By

0.533 * 30 4 *
B
Bx
0.8 m 7.464 *

Cy
98.1 N 30
C Cx

= + = 7.464 * + 4 * *sen (30)

= + 98.1 = 4 * cos(30)

= 0.2 0.3464 + 0.3464 + 0.2 = 0.533

DCL PISTON

Cy 11.196 *

60 N
Cx
147.15 N

Np

= 60 = 11.196

= 0 147.15 = 0

= 0 0.09 = 0
VARIABLES.

Bx, By, Cx, Cy, , , Na, Fa, Np

CODIGO EN MATLAB.
Solucin sistema de ecuaciones.

clear;clc;
syms Bx By Cx Cy Acil Abc Na Fa Np
e1=Bx-Fa-10*Acil;
e2=Na-By-245.25;
e3=-0.15*By+0.2598*Bx+0.4*Fa+2*Acil;
e4=Cx+Bx-9.464*Acil;
e5=By+Cy-98.1-4*cosd(30)*Acil;
e6=-0.2*Bx-0.3464*By+0.3464*Cy+0.2*Cx+0.533*Abc;
e7=60-Cx-11.196*Acil;
e8=Np-Cy-147.15;
e9=0.09*Cy;
r=solve(e1,e2,e3,e4,e5,e6,e7,e8,e9);
sol=vpa([r.Bx;r.By;r.Cx;r.Cy;r.Acil;r.Abc;r.Na;r.Fa;r.Np],8)

RESPUESTAS.
Bx = 40.964259 N
By = 115.02887 N
Cx = 5.2857772 N
Cy = 0

= 4.8869438 2


= 88.145773 2

Na = 360.27887 N
Fa = -7.905179 N
Np = 147.15 N
MECANISMO DE TRES BARRAS.
Para el mecanismo mostrado en la figura, calcular:
Velocidades.
Aceleraciones.
Fuerzas Reactivas.

A B

0.8 m

A B
Mab = 50 Kg

Mbc = 30 Kg

Mdc = 60 Kg

D
CINEMATICA.
VELOCIDADES.

A 1.4m B




1.4


1.4 0.8

1.68 /

0.8m
= +

1.68 /
1.68 /

D
= 1.2 1.4 = 1.68 /

1.4 r/s
Mtodo LAB.


1.4

0.8

1.68

1.68 (120) 1.68 (150)


=

1.4 =
0.8

= 1.04 /
= 1.05 /
ACELERACIONES

A 1.4m B
2 = 1.4 1.042 = 1.514 / 2

1.04 /



1.4

B
1.514 / 2 2
1.514 /
= 1.05 /



1.4 1.4

= +

1.514 / 2 0.8
C
2.35 / 2


1.4
0.8 1.052 = 0.88 / 2
1.2

1.2 1.42 = 2.35 / 2


C

D
1.2

1.4 /
Mtodo LAB.


1.2
0.882 1.4

0.8 1.514

2.35(60) + 1.2 (30) + 1.514 2.35(30) + 1.2 (120) 0.882


=

= 1.4
0.8
= 0.65 + 0.75 = 0.21 + 0.74

ACELERACIONES CENTROS DE MASA

A 0.7m G1
2 = 0.7 1.042 = 0.76 / 2

1.04 /



0.7

= 1.05 /

= 1.514 / 2 +
G3
G3 0.4
2
0.41.4
1.05 = 0.44 / 2

0.6 1.42 = 1.176 / 2

G2

D
0.6
1.4 /

0.76 / 2
aG1=


0.7

aG2=

aG3= 1.514 0.4

1.4 0.44

CINETICA.

INERCIA CENTROIDAL
1
= 2
12

1
1 = 12 (50)1.42 = 8.16 [ 2 ]
1
2 = (60)1.22 = 7.2 [ 2 ]
12
1
3 = 12 (30)0.82 = 1.6 [ 2 ]

100 N
Ay 8.16

Ax
Ax Bx
=

M*aG1
490.5
By

= + = 38

=
490.5 100 = 35

=
0.7 + 0.7(100 + ) = 8.16
DCL BARRA BC.

By

1.6
Bx

= M*aG3
294.3

cx

Cy

= = 45.42 + 12

= + 13.2
294.3 = 42

= 0.4 0.4 = 1.6

DCL BARRA DC.

7.2
Cy

Cy
=
588.6 N M*aG2
Dx

Dy
= 588.6 + + = 105.6(30) + 36(30)

= + = 105.6(30) 36 cos(30)

= 0.6 0.6 + 0.6 0.6 = 7.2

VARIABLES.
, ,
Ax, Ay, Bx, By, Cx, Cy, Dx, Dy,

CODIGO EN MATLAB.
Solucin sistema de ecuaciones.

clear,clc;
syms Ax Ay Bx By Cx Cy Dx Dy Aab Abc Acd
e1=Ax+By+38;
e2=Ay-490.5-By-100+35*Aab;
e3=-0.7*Ay+0.7*(100+By)+8.16*Aab;
e4=-Bx-Cx+45.42-12*Abc;
e5=By-Cy-249.3+42*Aab-13.2;
e6=0.4*Bx-0.4*Cx-1.6*Abc;
e7=-586.6+Dx+Cx+105.6*cosd(30)-36*sind(30)*Acd;
e8=Dy+Cy+105.6*sind(30)+36*cosd(30)*Acd;
e9=0.6*Dx-0.6*Dy+0.6*Cy-0.6*Cx-7.2*Acd;
e10=Abc+0.65*-0.75*Acd;
e11=Abc-0.21-0.74*Acd;
r=solve(e1,e2,e3,e4,e5,e6,e7,e8,e9,e10,e11);
rta=vpa([r.Ax;r.Ay;r.Bx;r.By;r.Cx;r.Cy;r.Dx;r.Dx;r.Aab;r.Abc;r.Abc;r.Acd],8)
RESPUESTAS.

= -0.40544554 2
Ax = 373.6007 N

Ay = -189.05079 N = -0.40544554 2

Bx = 24.331782 N
= -0.83168317 2

By = -411.6007N
Cx = 25.953564N
Cy = -232.56059 N
Dx = 454.22386 N
Dy = 10.51286 N