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Hoist Drives

Section 8

In order for a hoist to move material (perform work) it must have a source of energy, as well as a method in which it can convert the energy into work.

The term includes the motors (prime movers), shafting, gearing (transmission equ.) etc…., by which the drum, or drums, of a hoist are driven.

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Hoist Prime Movers

A prime mover is an engine or other device that provides an initial source of motive power.

As we saw earlier, the source of energy was originally man, and then horses.

While there may still be a mine hoist that is powered by air or even steam pressure, hoists now are generally driven by electric motors.

still be a mine hoist that is powered by air or even steam pressure, hoists now
still be a mine hoist that is powered by air or even steam pressure, hoists now

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Electric Motors

Electric Motors are the most common prime movers used for modern hoisting applications.

Electric Motors Electric Motors are the most common prime movers used for modern hoisting applications. 7

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AC DC power

They can be categorized by the two types of electrical power they run on:

AC (Alternating current)

DC (Direct Current)

categorized by the two types of electrical power they run on: • AC ( Alternating current
 

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DC

Motors

DC Motors  
 

DC motors historically got their power from motor generators (MG sets) but the falling cost of rectifiers

(thyristers) has led to many

Motor Generator

conversions and is typical of new installations.

conversions and is typical of new installations.

Drive for 4000 HP Motor

 

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MG sets for driving DC motors

An AC Motor receiving power from the utility company is used to turn a DC Generator(s), which in turn supplies power to the DC motor(s) which drive the hoist.

a DC Generator(s), which in turn supplies power to the DC motor(s) which drive the hoist.

Large M.G. Set at Craig Mine

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Rectifiers for DC Motors

A rectifier is an electrical device, comprising one or more semi

conductive devices (such as diodes) or vacuum tubes arranged for

converting alternating current to direct current.

conductive devices ( such as diodes ) or vacuum tubes arranged for converting alternating current to

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Thyristors and Rectifiers

These devices require far less maintenance and therefore lower operating costs than MG sets with all of their moving parts. Thyristors and rectifiers have all but replaced the old MG sets.

moving parts. Thyristors and rectifiers have all but replaced the old MG sets. *The white pucks

*The white pucks are the thyristors.

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AC Motors

New advances in the control of AC drives has enabled them to have good low speed torque characteristics which have made their use in mine hoisting much more common.

enabled them to have good low speed torque characteristics which have made their use in mine

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Electrical Motors can also be used as non contact brakes.

Another aspect that should be noted is the use of electrics to provide motor braking to a mine hoist.

This means of braking, or retardation, has reduced the use of mechanical braking and increased the life of mechanical components a great deal.

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end

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