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Sets

Solutions

SECTION - A

School/Board Exam. Type Questions

Very Short Answer Type Questions :

1. Write the given sets in roster form.

(i) {x : x N, 2 < x < 9}

(ii) {x : x is a letter in the word EXECUTION}

Sol. (i) {3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8}

(ii) {E, X, C, U, T, I, O, N}

2. Write all the proper subsets of given set

A = {x : x is a letter of the word GOD}

Sol. A = {G, O, D}

Proper subsets of A are

, {G}, {O}, {D}, {G, O}, {G, D}, {O, D}

3. Write the relation of given sets.

(i) A = {1, 2} and B = {1, 2, 3}

(ii) A = {x : x is a letter of word RODE} and B = {x : x is a letter of word DOER}.

Sol. (i) A B

(ii) A = B

4. Let A = {x : 4x = 20}. Is A = 5? If not, explain.

Sol. A = {x : 4x = 20}

A = {5}

No, A 5 but rather it is a singleton set containing the element 5.

5. Which of the following set(s) is null set?

A = {x : x R, x < 5 and x = 25}

B = {x : x R, x2 < 0}

C = x : x = 2x 3, x R}

Sol. A =

B =

C = {3}

So, A and B are null set

Aakash Educational Services Pvt. Ltd.-Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

2 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

(A C).

L.H.S. = A (B C)

= A {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10}

= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}

= A

R.H.S. = (A B) (A C)

= {1, 3, 5} {2, 4}

= {1, 2, 3, 4, 5}

= A = L.H.S.

Hence, verified.

U

A B

8. If n(A B) = 30, n(A) = 20, n(B) = 12, then find n(A B).

30 = 20 + 12 n(A B)

n(A B) = 32 30

n(A B) = 2

n(P(A)) = 128

2m = 128

2m = 27

m=7

(i) ( , 6)

(ii) [9, 4)

(ii) {x : x R, 9 x < 4}

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 3

Short Answer Type Questions :

11. If n(U) = 35, n(A) = 10, n(B) = 15 and n(A B) = 15 then find n(A B).

10 = 35 n(A) 15 = 35 n(B)

n(A) = 25 n(B) = 20

n(A B) = 25 + 20 15

n(A B) = 30

12. Let A = {1, 2, {5, 6}, 7}. Which of the following statements are not true and why?

(i) {1, 2} A

(ii) {1, 2, 7} A

(iv) {}A

Sol. (i) False, 1, 2 are elements of A but set {1, 2} is not element of A, so, {1, 2}A.

13. From the given Venn diagram, determine the following sets.

U

2 3

1

A B 0

7 8

4

5 6 9

(i) A B

(ii) A B

(iii) A B

(iv) (A B)

(ii) A B = {1, 7}

(iii) A B = {2, 4}

(iv) (A B) = {2, 4, 5, 6, 3, 8, 0, 9}

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4 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

14. From the sets given below, select the equal sets

A = {1, 4, 8, 16}

C = {16, 8, 1, 4}

D = {x : x = 4n and 1 n 4, n N}

E = {0, 2}

F = {2, 0}

for all x A, x C A = C

E = {0, 2} = F = {2, 0}

0, 2 E, F

So, E = F

(i) {x : x N and (x 3) (x 4) = 0}

(ii) The given set is the set of all prime numbers and it is infinite.

(i) P Q

(ii) (P Q)

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 5

Sol. U = {A, E, X, C, L, N, T, B, O, K}

P = {T, A, L, E, N}

Q = {B, A, N}

U

P Q

L

A

T B

N

E

X C O K

(i) P Q = {T, A, L, E, N, B}

(ii) (P Q) = {T, L, E, X, C, B, O, K}

17. If n(U) = 50, n(A) = 30, n(A B) = 15, n((A B)) = 10 then find (i) n(B), (ii) n(B A).

n((A B)) = 10

n(U) n(A B) = 10

50 n(A B) = 10

n(A B) = 40

40 = 30 + n(B) 10

n(B) = 40 20

n(B) = 20

= 20 10 = 10

18. For any set A, B, C, show the following through Venn diagram.

(i) A (B C)

Sol.

U U

A B A B

C C

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6 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

A = {x : x is a prime number}

B = {x : x is an even number}

(i) (A B) = A B

(ii) A B = B A

Sol. U = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, }

B = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10, }

(i) L.H.S. = (A B)

= {2}

= {1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7,}

R.H.S. = AB

= {1, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, }

= L.H.S.

(ii) L.H.S. = A B

= {4, 6, 8, 10, }

R.H.S. = B A

= {4, 6, 8, 10, }

= L.H.S.

Hence verified

20. Let U = {x : x N and n 8}, A = {x : x N and 5 < x2 < 50} B = {x : x is a prime x < 8}. Draw a venn

diagram to show the relation between the given sets and list the elements of the following.

(i) A B

(ii) B

(iii) A

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 7

Sol. U = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8}

A = {1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7} U A B

B = {2, 3, 5, 7}

4 3 2

(i) A B 5

6 7

= {4, 6}

(ii) B = {1, 4, 6, 8} 1 8

(iii) A = {1, 2, 8}

Sol. Let x B

x B ( B = B)

x (A A)B { = A A}

x (A B) (AB) (distributive law)

x (A B)U { A B = U given}

x (A B) { A U = A}

B = A B

A (A B)

So, A B ( A B = B)

x C and x B

x C and x A ( A B)

x (C A)

(C B)(C A)

23. There are 300 members in a club, 120 of them drink tea and 80 drink tea but not coffee. If each member drinks

at least one beverage. Find

Sol. Let C and T be the set of people drinking coffee and tea respectively.

So, n(T) = 120 ; n(C T) = 300

(i) n(T C) = 80

n(T C) n(C) = 80

300 n(C) = 80

n(C) = 300 80

n(C) = 220

Aakash Educational Services Pvt. Ltd.-Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

8 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

= 300 120 = 180

Hence the number of people drinking coffee = 220

Hence the number of people drinking coffee but not tea = 180.

24. Let A = {1, 4, 3, 6} and B = {1, 8, 2, 6}, verify the formula n(A B) = n(A) + n(B) n(A B).

B = {1, 8, 2, 6} n(B) = 4

{A B} = {1, 4, 3, 6} {1, 8, 2, 6}

= {1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8}

n(A B) = 6

= {1, 6}

n(A B) = 2

R.H.S. = n(A) + n(B) n(A B)

=4+42

=6

= n(A B)

= L.H.S.

Hence, proved.

25. In a group of 450 people, 200 speak Hindi only and 180 speak English only. If each person speak at least

one language then,

(i) How many can speak English?

(iii) How many can speak both English and Hindi?

H & E be the set of all people in the group who speak Hindi and English respectively

n(U) = n(H E) = 450 (given)

n(H E) n(E) = 200

n(E) = 250

n(H E) n(H) = 180

n(H) = 270

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 9

(iii) n(H E) = n(H) + n(E) n(H E)

450 = 270 + 250 n(H E)

n(H E) = 520 450

n(H E) = 70

26. If n(U) = 60, n(B) = 40, n(A) = 32 then find

(i) The greatest value of n(A B).

(ii) The least value of n(A B).

Sol. Every set under consideration is a subset of U.

A B U

n(A B) n(U)

n(A B) 60

The greatest value of n(A B) = 60

n(A B) = n(A) + n(B) n(A B)

n(A B) = 40 + 32 n(A B)

40 + 32 n(A B) 60 ( n(A B) 60)

n(A B) 72 60

n(A B) 12

The least value of n(A B) = 12

27. For all sets P, Q, R. Is (P Q) (R Q) = (P R) Q. Justify your answer.

Sol. Let x (P Q)(R Q)

x P Q and x R Q

(x P and x Q) and (x R and x Q)

(x P and x R) and x Q

x (PR) and x Q

x (P R) Q

So, (P Q) (R Q) (P R) Q (i)

Conversely,

Let y (P R) Q

y P R and y Q

(y P and y R) and y Q

(y P and y Q) and (y R and y Q)

y (P Q) and y (R Q)

y (P Q) (R Q)

So, P R Q (P Q) (R Q) (ii)

From (i) & (ii) we get

(P Q) (R Q) = (P R) Q.

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10 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

28. Two finite sets have p and q elements respectively. The total number of subsets of first set is 224 more than

the total number of subsets of the second set. Find the values of p and q.

n(A) = p and n(B) = q

So, n(P(A)) = 2p and n(P(B)) = 2q

It is given that n(P(A)) n(P(B)) = 224

2p 2q = 224

2q(2p q 1) = 32 7

2q = 32 2p q 1 = 7

q=5 2p q = 23

p=8

Here, p = 8, q = 5

Sol. Let x A (B C)

x A (B C) ( A B = A B)

x A (B C)

x A (B C) (By de Morgans law)

x (A B) (A C) (Distributive law)

x (A B) (A C)

So, A (B C) (A B) (A C) (i)

Conversely,

Let y (A B) (A C)

y (A B) (A C) ( A B = A B)

y A (B C) (Distributive law)

y A (B C) (de Morgans law)

y A (B C)

y A (B C)

(A B) (A C) A (B C) (ii)

From (i) & (ii) we get

A (B C) = (A B) (A C)

30. A market research group conducted a survey of 3000 consumers and reported that 1860 consumers liked product

A and 1950 consumers liked product B. What is the least number of consumers that must have liked both

the products?

Sol. Let U be the set of all consumers surved.

Let A be the set of consumers who liked product A.

B be the set of consumers who liked product B.

Aakash Educational Services Pvt. Ltd.-Regd. Office: Aakash Tower, Plot No.-4, Sector-11, Dwarka, New Delhi-75 Ph.011-47623456

(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 11

n(U) = 3000

n(A) = 1860

n(B) = 1950

Universal set is subset of all the sets under consideration.

A B U

n(A B) n(U)

n(A) + n(B) n(A B) n(U)

( n(A B) = n(A) + n(B) n(A B))

1860 + 1950 n(A B) 3000

n(A B) 3810 3000

n(A B)810

Hence, the least number of consumers that must have liked both the products be 810.

31. A, B, C are three sets and U is the universal set. Draw the Venn diagram to represent the following:

(i) (A B)

(ii) A (B C)

(iii) (A B)

Sol. (i) (A B)

A B

(ii) A (B C)

U

A B

(iii) (A B)

A B

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12 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

32. A town has total population 30,000 out of which 18000 read The Hindu and 11000 read TOI and 3000 read

both papers. Find the percentage of population who read neither of these papers.

Let A be the set of people who read The Hindu

B be the set of people who read TOI

n(U) = 30000

n(A) = 18000

n(B) = 11000

n(A B) = 3000

n(A B) = n(A) + n(B) n(A B)

= 18000 + 11000 3000

n(A B) = 26000

The number of people who read neither of these papers

= n(A B)

= n(U) n(A B)

= 30000 26000

= 4000

% of these people reading neither of the paper

4000

= 100

30000

= 13.33%

2

33. In a beauty contest, half the number of judges voted for Miss A, of them voted for Miss B, 20 voted for

3

both and 5 did not vote for either miss A or Miss B. Find how many judges were present there.

Let A be the set of judges who voted Miss A

B be the set of judges who voted Miss B

Let the total number of judges be x

So n(U) = x

x

n( A)

2

2

n(B ) x

3

n(A B) = 20

n(A B) = 5

n(U) n(A B) = 5

n(U) [n(A) + n(B) n(A B)] = 5

x 2

x x 20 5

2 3

x 2

x x 20 5

2 3

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 13

7x

x 15

6

x

15

6

x = 90

Total number of judges was 90.

34. In an examination, 55% of the candidates failed in English and 48% failed in Science. If 15 percent failed in

both English and Science. Find the percentage of those who passed in both the subjects.

Sol. Let x be the total number of candidates in the exam.

Let M and S the set of candidates who passed in Mathematics and Science.

M is set of condidates who did not passed in Mathematics.

55 x

n(M ) (given)

100

55 x

n(M) = x

100

45 x

n(M )

100

48 x

=

100

48

n(S) = x x

100

52

n(S ) x

100

n(U) = n(M S)

n(M S) = n(M) + n(S) n(M S)

45 x 52 x

x n( M S )

100 100

97

n(M S) = x x

100

3

n(M S) = x

100

(M S) = 3% of total candidates

Hence, 3% of candidates passed in Maths and Science both.

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14 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

B = set of letters in the word AMRITSAR.

Verify the following results.

n(A B) = n(A) n(A B) = n(A B) n(B)

Sol. A = {x : x is a letter of word RAJASTHAN}

A = {R, A, J, S, T, H, N}

n(A) = 7

B = {x : x is a letter of word AMRITSAR}

= {A, M, R, I, T, S}

n(B) = 6

A B = {A, R, T, S}

n(A B) = 4

A B = {J, H, N} (A B) = {R, A, J, S, T, H, N, I, M}

n(A B) = 3 n(A B) = 9

n(A B) = 3 (i)

n(A) n(A B) = 7 4 = 3 (ii)

n(A B) n(B) = 9 6 = 3 (iii)

From (i), (ii) & (iii) we get

n(A B) = n(A) n(A B) = n(A B) n(B)

36. Let A and B be two sets such that n(A B) = 60 + 3x, n(B A) = 8x and n(A B) = x 4. Draw a venn

diagram to illustrate this information. If n(A) = n(B), then find

(i) The value of x

(ii) n(A B)

Sol. The Venn diagram represents the given data

(i) n(A) = n(A B) + n(A B)

A B

= 60 + 3x + x 4

= 56 + 4x

n(B) = n(B A) + n(A B) 60 + 3x x 4 8x

= 8x + x 4

= 9x 4

But n(A) = n(B) given

56 + 4x = 9x 4

5x = 60

x = 12

(ii) n(A B) = n(A) + n(B) n(A B)

= 56 + 4x + 9x 4 (x 4)

= 56 + 12x

= 56 + 12 12

= 56 + 144

= 200

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 15

37. If X and Y are subsets of the universal set U, then show that

(i) Y X Y

(ii) X Y X

(iii) X Y X Y = X

Sol. (i) X Y = {x : x X or x Y}

Thus, x Y x X Y

Hence Y X Y

(ii) X Y = {x : x X and x Y}

Thus, x X Y x X

Hence, X Y X

(iii) x X Y x X

So, X Y X

X Y

x X x Y x X Y

XX Y

38. Draw the venn diagram to illustrate the following relationship among A, M, F where A is the set of students

liking apple, M is the set of students liking mango, F is the set of all the students.

(i) All the students who like mango also like apple, but some students who like apple, do not like mango.

(ii) There is no student who like both mango and apple.

(iii) Some of the students like mango but do not like apple, some like apple but do not like mango, and some

like both.

(iv) Not all students like mango but every students liking apple also likes mango.

F F

A

Sol. (i) M (ii) A M

M A F A M =

F F

(iii) A M (iv) A M

A M A M F

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16 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

SECTION - B

Model Test Paper

Very short Answer Type Questions :

1. Write the given set in roster form.

A = The set of all the letters in the word TRIGONOMETRY.

Sol. A = {T, R, I, G, O, N, M, E, Y}.

2. Write down the power set of A

A = {6, 7, 8}.

Sol. A = {6, 7, 8}

P(A) = {, {6}, {7}, {8}, {6, 7}, {7, 8}, {6, 7} {6, 7, 8}}

3. If A = {1, 2 {3, 4}, 5}, which is incorrect and why?

(i) {3, 4}A

(ii) {3, 4}A

Sol. {3, 4} A because {3, 4} A

{{3, 4}} A.

4. Are the following pair of sets equal? Give reason

A = {x : x is a letter in the word HERMIT}

B = {x : x is a letter in the word THE MERIT}

Sol. A = {H, E, R, M, I, T}

B = {T, H, E, M, R, I}

Yes A = B because for all x A, x B.

5. Draw Venn diagram for (A B).

U

Sol. A B

6. If X = {a, b, c, d}, Y = {f, b, d, g}.

Find X Y

Sol. X Y = {a, c}

Short Answer Type Questions :

7. In a group of 75 people, each like at least cricket or tennis. 40 like cricket, 10 like cricket and tennis both.

How many like only tennis and not cricket? How many like tennis?

Sol. Let the group of people be U

Let C and T be the group of people liking cricket and tennis respectively.

given n(U) = 75 = n(T C)

n(C) = 40

n(C T) = 10

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 17

So, people liking only tennis not cricket

= n(T C)

= n(T C) n(C)

= 75 40 = 35

So, people who like tennis = n(T)

n(T) = n(T C) + n(T C)

= 35 + 10 = 45

8. If U = {a, e, i, o, u}

A = {a, e, i}

B = {e, o, u}

C = {a, i, u}

Then verify that A (B C) = (A B) (A C).

Sol. L.H.S. = A (B C)

= {a, e, i} {e, o}[ B C = {e, o}]

= {e}

R.H.S. = (A B) (A C)

= {e} {a, i} ( A B = {e}, A C = {a, i})

= {e}

Hence, L.H.S. = R.H.S. verified.

9. A and B are two sets such that n(A B) = 20 + x, n(B A) = 3x and n(A B) = x + 1. Draw a Venn diagram

to illustrate this information. If n(A) = n(B). Find the value of (i) x (ii) n(A B).

Sol. The Venn diagram

Represents

A B

n(A B) = 20 + x

n(B A) = 3x

20 + x x + 1 3x

n(A B) = x + 1

(i) n(A) = n(B) (given)

n(A B) + n(A B) = n(B A) + n(A B)

20 + x + x + 1 = 3x + x + 1

20 + x = 3x

x = 10

Now, (ii) n(A B) = n(A B) + n(A B) + n(B A)

= 20 + x + x + 1 + 3x

= 21 + 5x

= 21 + 50

= 71

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18 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

10. If A and B are two sets such that A B = A B. Then prove that A = B.

Sol. A B = A B (given)

Let for all x A

x A B ( A (A B))

x A B ( A B = A B)

x Aand x B

x B

Hence, A = B verified

11. For any set A, B, C; U is the universal set. Draw the Venn diagram to represent the following:

(i) (A B)C

(ii) A B C

(A B)C A BC

U U

Sol. A B A B

C C

(i) (ii)

12. If two sets A and B; U, universal set are such that n(A B) = 21, n(A B) = 9 and n(A B) = 8 find

n((A B)).

Sol. n(AB) = 9

n((A B)) = 9 (By de Morgans law)

And n(U) = n(A B) + n((A B))

= 21 + 9

= 30

Now, n((A B)) = n(U) n(A B)

= 30 8

= 22

13. If A, B and C are three sets and U is the universal set such that n(U) = 1000, n(A) = 300, n(B) = 300,

n(A B) = 200, find n(A B).

n(A B) = 400

= n(U) n(A B)

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 19

14. A survey on some people showed that 79% of the people like apple, whereas 65% like orange. What % people

like both apples and oranges? (Assuming that each one liked at least one fruit.)

79 + 65 n(A O) = 100

n(A O) = 44

So, 44% people like both apples and oranges.

15. A market survey of 200 consumers and reported that 144 consumers liked product A and 90 consumers liked

the products B, find the least number that must haved liked both.

By Venn diagram

a b c

A B

a + b + c = 200

(a + b) + (b + c) = 144 + 90

a + b + c + b = 234

b = 234 200

b = 34

16. There are 180 students in a class, 110 had applied for JEE and 60 had applied for AIPMT and 25 had applied

for both, find the number of students applied for

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20 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

Number of students applying for JEE = 110

Number of students applying for AIPMT = 60

A B

Number of students applying for both = 25

By using Venn diagram a b c

Let B denotes number of AIPMT aspirants

Here, a + b + c + d = 180 (Total)

a + b = 110 (JEE)

b + c = 60 (AIPMT)

b = 25 (Both JEE & AIPMT)

d (Neither JEE nor AIPMT)

Solving,

c = 35

a = 85

b = 25

a + b + c + d = 180

d = 180 145

d = 35

(i) JEE but not AIPMT = a = 85

(ii) AIPMT but not JEE = c = 35

(iii) JEE or AIPMT = a + b + c = 145

(iv) Neither JEE nor AIPMT = d = 35

17. Let A = {2, 3, 5, 8, 9, 10}, B = {5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12}, C = {2, 5, 9, 11, 12, 15}, find

(i) (A B) (B C)

(ii) (A B) C

B = {5, 6, 7, 9, 10, 11, 12}

C = {2, 5, 9, 11, 12, 15}

(i) (A B) (B C)

A B = {2, 3, 8}

B C = {5, 7, 10}

(A B) (B C) =

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 21

(ii) (A B) C

(A B) C = {3, 6, 7, 8, 10}

(iii) A B = {2, 3, 8}

A B = {5, 9, 10}

Sol. f is a subset of Z Z

f = {(a + b, a b) : a, b Z}

If a=3

b = 3

(a + b) = 0 (a b) = 6 0 is mapped to 6

If a=4

b = 4

(a + b) = 0 ab=8 0 is mapped to 8

8

0

6

Not a function

19. In a school having 800 students it was found that 40% students have visited Manali, 20% visited Goa, 10%

visited Darjeeling, 5% visited both Manali and Goa, 3% visited both Goa and Darjeeling, 4% visited Darjeeling

and Manali, if 2% visited all the three, find the number of students visited none of the three.

Number of students

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22 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

By Venn diagram

Manali Goa

a + e + g + d = 40% a e b

g

c + b + g + f = 20% d f

d + g + f + c = 10% h c

e + g = 5% Darjeeling

g + f = 3%

d + g = 4%

g = 2%

Solving,

g = 2%

d = 2%

f = 1%

e = 3%

c = 5%

b = 14%

a = 33%

h = 40%

40

People going none of the three places = 800 = 320

100

20. In a survey, it was found that 29 people liked product A, 24 people liked product B and 32 liked product C. If

18 people liked products A and B, 16 people liked C and A, 15 people like B and C and 10 liked all the three

products. Find how many liked the product C only and draw the Venn diagram.

Sol. Let A, B, C be the set of people who liked products A, B and C respectively

So, n(A) = 29, n(B) = 24, n(C) = 32

n(A B) = 18, n(A C) = 16, n(B C) = 15

n(A B C) = 10

A B

n(C) = 32 8

10

6 + 10 + 5 + x = 32 6 5

21 + x = 32

C

x = 11

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 23

21. A college awarded 40 medals in football, 16 in basket ball and 20 in cricket. If these medals went to a total

of 64 men and only 2 men got medal in all the three sports, how many received medals in exactly two of the

three sports?

Sol. Let F, B, C be the set of people getting medals in football, basketball and cricket respectively

Let a, b, c be the number of people who got medals in exactly two game i.e., football and basketball, football

and cricket and cricket and football respectively.

64 = 40 + 16 + 20 a b c + 2

F B

a + b + c = 78 64 a 2

2

a + b + c = 14 b 2 c 2

C

in exactly 2 sports = a + b + c = 14

22. Two finite sets have m and n elements. The total no. of subsets of first set is 60 more than the total number

of subsets of second set. Find the value of m and n.

n(A) = m (given)

n(B) = n

so, n(P(A)) = 2m

n(P(B)) = 2n

It is given that

n(P(A)) n(P(B)) = 60

2m 2n = 60

So, n = 2 and m n = 4

m=6

Hence, m = 4

n=2

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24 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

23. In a town of 20000 families, it was found that 40% families buy newspaper P, 25% families buy newspaper Q

and 10% buy newspaper R. 5% families buy P and Q, 3% buy Q and R, 5% buy P and R. If 1% of the families

buy all the three papers. Find the number of families which buy

(i) P only

(ii) Q only

(iii) None of P, Q, R

U be the set of all families in town. n(U) = 20000

n(A) = 40% of families n(B) = 25% of families

= 5000

40

= 20000 n(C) = 10% of families

100

= 8000 = 2000

n(A B) = 5% of families

= 1000 U

A B

n(B C) = 3% of families

800

= 600 200

n(A C) = 5% of families 800 400

= 1000

C

n(A B C) = 1% of families

= 200

The given information can be represented through venn diagram

(i) The number of people buying P only

= n(A) 800 200 800

= 8000 1800

= 6200

(ii) The number of people buying Q only

= n(B) 800 200 400

= 5000 1400

= 3600

(iii) None of P, Q, R = n(A B C)

n(A B C) = n(A) + n(B) + n(C) n(A B) n(A C) n(B C) + n(A B C)

= 8000 + 5000 +2000 1000 1000 600 + 200

= 15200 2600

= 12600

So, n(A B C)= n(U) n(A B C) = 20000 12600 = 7400

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(School/Board Exams.) Solutions Sets 25

24. In a group of 500 students, 170 play cricket, 130 play football and 150 play hockey. 90 play cricket and

football, 40 play football and hockey, 50 play hockey and cricket. 200 play none of these three games. Find

how many play (i) all the three games (ii) exactly two of the three games.

Sol. Total number of students = 500

Number of students playing cricket = 170

Number of students playing football = 130

Number of students playing hockey = 150

Number of students playing cricket and football = 90

Number of students playing football and hockey = 40

Number of students playing hockey and cricket = 50

Number of students playing none of these = 200

Here,

a + b + c + d + e + f + g + h = 500 Cricket Football

a + d + g + e = 170 a e b

e + b + f + g = 130 g

d f

d + g + f + c = 150 h c

e + g = 90

Hockey

g + f = 40

d + g = 50

h = 200

a + b + c + d + e + f + g = 300

n(A B C) = n(A) + n(B) + n(C) n(A B) n(B C) n(C A) + n(A B C)

300 = 170 + 130 + 150 90 40 50 + x

30 = x

g = 30 (Number of students playing all the three games)

e + d + f = 90 (Number of students playing exactly 2 of the three games)

25. There are 200 individuals with a skin disease, 120 had exposed to the chemical C1, 50 to chemical C2 and

30 to both C1 and C2. Find the number of individuals exposed to

(i) Chemical C1 but not C2

(ii) Chemical C2 but not C1

(iii) Chemical C1 or chemical C2

Sol. Total number of individual with skin disease = 200

People exposed to chemical C1 = 120 = a + c

People exposed to chemical C2 = 50 = b + c

People exposed to chemical C1 and C2 = 30 = c

c = 30

a + c = 120

a c b d

b + c = 50

Solving, Chemical Chemical

C1 C2

b = 20

a = 90

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26 Sets (School/Board Exams.) Solutions

c = 30

d + a + b + c = 200

d = 200 140

d = 60 (60 people are not exposed to any of the two chemicals)

Number of individual exposed to

(i) Chemical C1 but not C2 a = 90

(ii) Chemical C2 but not C1 b = 20

(iii) Chemical C1 or chemical C2 a + b + c = 140

26. There are 30 students in an English class and 70 students in a Mathematics class and out of which 10

students are in both the subjects.. Find the number of students who are either in English class or Mathematics

class in the following cases

Sol. Number of students in an English class = 30

Number of students in a Mathematics class = 70

(i) If two classes meet at the same hours = 30 + 70 10 = 90

(ii) If two classes meet at the different hours = 30 + 70 = 100

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