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SCRIPT

Frustrated Murder
People vs. Benedito

CHARACTERS:
Hyacinth Santilices Prosecution Counsel
Efren Fagtanac Prosecution Counsel
Jedamica Mae Delos Santos Complainant
Jim Dorozan Boyfriend of the Complainant (Prosecution Witness)
Dr. Dingle Expert Witness
Ronilo Subaan Defense Counsel
Rabino Defense Counsel
Marielle Benedito - Accused
Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia Expert Witness
Phoelvie Tulio Officemate of Complainant (Defense Witness)
Gillian Torlao Judge
Ma. Fatima Lim Court Clerk
Jay-r Berida Court Stenographer
Aquino, Mark - Narrator
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Narrator: Greetings Everyone! My name is Mark Aquino, the narrator of this group. We are happy that all of us gathered here. We would
like to take this opportunity to thank everyone who take part of our Mock trial especially to our Professor, Mr. Antonio Torres who taught
us what we need to learn in case we testify in the near future, to other professors who are present today, for giving us additional
knowledge on the related subjects and for supporting us. Lastly to our classmates and casts who made this Mock trial possible. Before
we start I would like to introduce our casts.

Narrator: Today, we are presenting our case: CRIMINAL CASE NO. 24689 PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES V. MARIELLE BENEDITO. This
is the short storyline, Ms. Marielle and Ms. Jedamica are bestfriends and they were living in a same apartment. Ms. Benedito (the accused)
is madly inlove with Jim Dorozan which is Ms. Delos Santos fiance. Because of that Ms. Marielle developed extreme jealousy towards
Ms. Jedamica which made her wanting to kill her by poisoning. You will witness how both parties defend their stand and see what will
be the verdict. Is it conviction or acquittal? On the first part, of our mock trial shows the Arraignment and Plea of the accused.

MOCK TRIAL SCRIPT


Arraignment
CRIMINAL CASE NO. 24689
PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES V. MARIELLE BENEDITO
Clerk of Court: This honorable court of the Regional Trial Court Branch 130 with the Honorable Judge Gillian Torlao is now in session. All
rise. Lets pray. Almighty God, we stand in Your Holy Presence as our Supreme Judge. We humbly beseech You to bless and inspire us
so that what we think, say and do will be in accordance with Your will. Enlighten our minds, strengthen our spirit and fill our hearts with
fraternal love, wisdom and understanding, so that we can become effective channels of truth, justice and peace. In our proceedings
today, guide us in the path of righteousness for the fulfillment of Your greater glory. Amen.

Judge: Court is now in session. Call the cases.

Clerk of Court: For arraignment, Criminal Case No. 24689 People of the Philippines v. Benedito for the crime of Frustrated Murder.
Appearance for prosecution and the defense counsel.
Prosecution Attorney: Your honor, I am Atty. Hyacinth Santilices (and atty. Efren Fagtanac) appearing as a prosecutor under the direct
control and supervision of the public prosecutor.

Judge: Is the accused around?

Clerk of Court: Yes your honor. Please approach the bench.

Judge: Do you have a lawyer or do you want the court to appoint a lawyer?

Defendant: I do not have a lawyer.

Judge: Atty. Ronilo Subaan and Atty. Rabino will be appointed as the lawyer for the accused.

Atty. Ronilo Subaan and Atty. Rabino: Yes your honor.

Judge: Arraign the accused.

Clerk of court: Criminal case No. 24689. People of the Philippines vs. Benedito.
On September 17, 2017, at about 6 PM, Ms. Delos Santos (the victim) with her fiance Jim Dorozan was conducting a party as
celebration for their engagement in the apartment. On the said party, Ms. Delos Santos lost consciousness and taken to the hospital. The
findings of the doctor said Ms. Delos Santos ingested a cyanide-contained-substance a kind poison. According to Ms. Delos Santos she
ingested the grape juice and coffee given by Ms. Benedito during the day which was said that contained the poison.

Judge: Do you understand the crime charged against you?

Accused: Yes, your honor.

Clerk of Court: What is your plea?

Accused: Not guilty, your honor.

Clerk of Court: The accused pleaded not guilty your honor.

Judge: Let it be on the record that the accused pleaded not guilty for the crime of frustrated murder. The information was read to him
in English, a language known and understood by the accused. Also, Atty. Subaan the defense counsel of the accused assisted him in this
arraignment.

Atty. Santilices: Your honor, we would like to set the case for trial on October 19, 2017.

Judge: Are you amenable with the schedule defense counsel?

Defense Counsel: Yes your honor.

Judge: Ok set the trial of the case on October 19, 2017. We only have one case for today?

Court Stenographer: Yes, your honor.

Judge: In todays trial, the arraignment of Benedito in Criminal Case No. 24689 is conducted. The information is read to him in English a
language known and understood by him. Defense counsel Atty. Ronilo Subaan and Atty. Rabino assisted the accused. The accused
pleaded not guilty for the crime charged against her.

No objections both for prosecution and defense, the case is set for trial on October 19, 2017. Notify the parties thereto. So ordered.
PROSECUTION

TRIAL

Clerk of Court: Please rise. The Regional Trial Court, Branch 130, is now in session, the Honorable Judge Gillian Torlao presiding.

Judge: Members of the prosecution, your duty today will be to determine whether the defendant is guilty or not guilty based only on
facts and evidence provided in this case. The prosecution must prove that a crime was committed and that the defendant is the person
who committed the crime. However, if you are not satisfied of the defendants guilt to that extent, then reasonable doubt exists and the
defendant must be found not guilty. Ms. Ma. Fatima Lim, what is todays case?

Clerk of Court: Your Honor, todays case is the Criminal Case No. 24689 People of the Philippines versus Benedito.

Judge: Is the prosecution ready?

Prosecuting Attorneys: (stand up) Yes, Your Honor. (Be seated)

Judge: Is the defense ready?

Defense Attorneys: (stand up) Yes, Your Honor. (Be seated).

Judge: We will now hear the opening statements from the prosecution. Prosecutor Hyacinth Santilices please state your case.

Prosecutor: Thank you, your honor. Ladies and gentlemen, My name is Atty. Hyacinth P. Santilices and my assistant Atty. Efren Fagtanac
. On behalf of our State, We want to thank you for being here today. Under our criminal justice system, citizens charged with certain
crimes are entitled to have their case heard by a jury of their peers people just like you. We are all grateful that you recognize your
civic duty and are willing to set aside you personal priorities to be here.

As you have heard, the defendant has been charged with the crime of frustrated murder. On September 17, 2017, at about 6 PM, Ms.
Delos Santos (the victim) with her fiance Jim Dorozan was conducting a party as celebration for their engagement in the apartment. On
the said party, Ms. Delos Santos lost consciousness and taken to the hospital. The findings of the doctor said Ms. Delos Santos ingested
a cyanide-contained-substance a kind poison. According to Ms. Delos Santos she ingested the grape juice and coffee given by Ms.
Benedito during the day which was said that contained the poison. And while the defense will try to convince you that the defendant did
not know the poison contained in the beverage, the State will provide convincing arguments that he/she not only knew the poison but
also it was also given to Ms. Delos Santos and intentionally and with strong motive to kill her. Thank you.

Judge: Defense attorney, would you wish to state your case.

Defense Lawyer: Your Honor, I am Atty. Ronilo Subaan and my assistant Atty. Rabino, We too would like to thank you for being here
today. Let me start with a very simple statement; under the law my client is presumed innocent until proven guilty. My clients have no
knowledge regarding the beverage that contained the poison. We will show later on our evidence that Ms. Delos Santos was attempting
to commit suicide since she has depression from the tragic she had in the past and having the hard time to get over with it. With this,
my client is innocent. As the States Attorney mentioned, please keep in mind that the burden of proof falls on the State. If at the end of
the trial you have any reasonable doubt in the States case, then you should find my client is not guilty. Thank you.

Direct Examination of Jedamica Mae Delos Santos by Prosecutor Efren Fagtanac

JUDGE: Call your witness to the witness stand.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: May I call on Jedamica Mae Delos Santos.

JUDGE: Swear in the witness.

COURT CLERK: Do you swear to tell the truth, all the truth and nothing but the truth in this case?

WITNESS: Yes, sir.

JUDGE: Please state your name and other personal circumstances.

WITNESS: Jedamica Mae Delos Santos, 28 years of age, single, a Certified Public Accountant of the Accounting Division of Nestle
Philippines and a resident of Unit 143 Astral Apartment Padre Faura St. Ermita, Manila.

JUDGE: Your witness.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: The witness is being presented to testify on the fact that the accused bought the rat killer and that the
substance that poisoned her was from the grapefruit juice which the accused prepared. May we proceed Your Honor?

JUDGE: Proceed.

Q: Jedamica Mae Delos Santos, will you please tell on this Honorable court where you were on September 17, 2017 at around 8 oclock
in the morning?
A: I was in our apartment at Unit 143 Astral Apartment Padre Faura St. Ermita, Manila.

Q: Who lives in that apartment?


A: I and my best friend, Marielle Benedito.

Q: Who was with you at that particular time of the day?


A: I was alone because I did not report for work to prepare for my engagement party.

Q: How did you prepare for the party?


A: I decided to clean the house.

Q: And what particular areas of the house did you clean?


A: I cleaned the living room and the CR first. Then I cleaned the dirty kitchen. Because I remembered Marielle said something like
Dumadami na yung mga rodents sa dirty kitchen.

Q: The last place you cleaned was the dirty kitchen?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: What did you do in order to solve the problem on the rats?


A: I used a rat killer, Your Honor.

Q: Who bought the rat killer?


A: Marielle bought it because she told me that she noticed that there were rats in the place.

Q: Have you actually seen any rats in your place?


A: No. Actually, it made me wonder I just relied on the word of Marielle. Besides, in our lease agreement, there was a stipulation that
it shall be the owners responsibility to conduct quarterly pest control measures.

Q: I am showing to you this document previously marked as Exhibit A. Please go over this document and tell this Honorable Court if this
is the lease agreement you are referring to.
A: Yes, this document is the lease agreement.

Q: Whose signature is this above the printed name Jedamica Mae Delos Santos which is appearing on page 2 of this contract of lease?
A: My signature, sir.

Q: And this signature belongs to whom? (PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC pointing at the right portion of the document)
A: Our lessor, Mr. Bembo Bonapos.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: Which for purposes of identification, Your Honor, I would like to request the marking of the signature appearing
above the printed name of Jedamica Mae Delos Santos as Exhibit A-1.

JUDGE: Mark it.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: And the signature appearing above the printed name of Bembo Bonapos as the lessor be marked as Exhibit
A-2.

JUDGE: Mark it.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: We would also like to request for the marking of stipulation no.8 in this lease agreement as Exhibit A-3.

JUDGE: Mark it.

Q: Was there consistent compliance by the owner?


A: Yes.

Q: What happened next?


A: After cleaning, I rested because I got tired. I remembered that before Marielle left that morning for work, she told me not to forget
to drink the grapefruit juice she prepared for me.

Q: Where did you find the grapefruit juice?


A: Inside the ref.

Q: If that pitcher containing the grapefruit juice will be shown to you, will you be able to recognize it? (lawyer takes the pitcher showing
it to the victim)
A: Yes, thats the one.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: For the record, the pitcher, previously marked as Exhibit B was recognized by the victim as the pitcher
containing the grapefruit juice prepared by the accused for the complainant.

Q: When did you drink the said beverage?


A: Before I went to Starbucks.

Q: How many glasses were you able to drink?


A: I drank about 2 glasses.

Q: Can you estimate the amount of juice you drank?


A: A glass would contain about 300-350 mL of liquid. So, that would make about 600-700 mL.

Q: What else did you do on that day?


A: I went out to meet Marielle for our usual coffee break in Starbucks at 3 oclock in the afternoon. We spent the whole afternoon
together until we decided to go home for the party.

Q: Did you feel anything at that time?

ATTY. SUBAAN: Objection, Your Honor! Question is leading.

JUDGE: Sustained.

Q: What happened at Starbucks?


A: While were eating, I complained to Marielle that my head was aching.
Q: Did your friend say anything?
A: She told me that I was just tired.

Q: What time did you leave Starbucks?


A: 5 oclock.

Q: What time did you arrive in your apartment?


A: We arrived at about 5:30 oclock in the late afternoon. The dinner party was set at 6 oclock that evening.

Q: What happened later?


A: The guests arrived. We entertained them.

Q: Was your fiance with them?


A: Yes.

Q: What happened next?


A: I approached Marielle and chatted with her.

Q: What did you feel at that time?


A: My headache worsened. I began to feel nauseous and I vomited. I felt so weak that I lost my balance.

Q: Did anyone come to help?


A: Yes, Marielle caught me before I hit the floor.

Q: Did you notice anything else?


A: Before I totally lost consciousness, I saw that Marielle was smiling while she held on to me.

Q: So, if the accused is inside this courtroom, would you be able to identify and point to her?
A: Yes, Sir. (Victim pointed to the accused.) There.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: That is all, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Cross?

ATTY. SUBAAN: Yes, Your Honor.

Cross Examination of Jedamica Mae Delos Santos by Atty. Ronilo Subaan


Q: Miss Witness, you testified that in the lease contract, the lessor had the responsibility to conduct pest control measures. How often is
this pest control conducted?
A: Quarterly, Your Honor.

Q: And during what months did the lessor conduct these pest control measures?
A: February, May, August, and November of every year, Your Honor.

Q: Miss Witness, you testified that in cleaning the dirty kitchen, you used a rat poison to kill the rats there. Is that right?
A: Yes.

Q: How did you use the rat poison?


A: I took the pack out of the box. Then I put some into my hand. I put the rat poison in some rice and then I put the rice on the floor
so that the rats could eat them.

Q: You did not use any gloves to protect your hands or your skin?
A: No, Your Honor.

Q: Miss Witness, did you know that a rat poison could also poison humans if accidentally swallowed?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: So, even if you knew that, you still did not use any protection for your hands?
A: Yes, because I planned to wash my hands after I cleaned the dirty kitchen.

Q: After cleaning the dirty kitchen?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Not right after you put the poison into the rice, as you have said earlier?
A: Yes, Your Honor.
Q: You testified that you drank the grapefruit juice. What was the color of the juice?
A: Yellow.

Q: When you drank the juice, what was its taste?


A: It was sour, a bit bitter, Your Honor.

Q: Bitter?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Hindi ka ba nagtaka at mapait yung juice na ininom mo?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: Objection: Your Honor! My witness cannot understand Filipino.

JUDGE: Let the question be translated for the witness.

ATTY. SUBAAN: Did you not wonder why the juice was bitter?
A: No, Your Honor. The grapefruit juice really has a slight bitter taste, perhaps because it was so sour.

Q: You testified that before the accused left the house, she told you not to forget to drink the juice. Has she done this even before the
incident happened?
A: Yes, Your Honor. Both of us used to do that. We often leave food and drinks for each other.

Q: So, when she told you not to forget to drink the juice, it was nothing new to you, because both of you had that habit.
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: You testified that at 3 pm on September 17, 2017 you met with the accused at a coffee shop. When you were with the accused, did
you notice anything different about her?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: What was that?


A: When I complained about my headache, she just told me that I was just tired.

Q: Were you not really tired after cleaning the entire house?
A: Yes, I was quite tired, Your Honor.

Q: You also said that at the party you felt nauseous, and then you vomited and fell to the floor. Is that right?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: When you were already at the floor, were you still conscious?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Was your sight still clear?


A: A bit blurry, Your Honor.

Q: So you cannot see clearly at the time you fell to the ground?
A: Yes, because I was so dizzy.

Q: So you cannot possibly say that Marielle was really smiling when she held you?
A: Im not sure Your Honor.

Q: Miss Witness, have you ever visited a psychiatrist?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: When was this?


A: Around August 2016, Your Honor.

Q: Why did you go to such psychiatrist?


A: I needed treatment for my depression, Your Honor.

Q: What was the cause of your depression?


A: My parents died of a terrible accident, and I blamed myself for their death.

Q: Who was the doctor who treated you?


A: Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia.
Q: Where is his clinic located?
A: At the Medical Center Manila.

Q: What did this Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia do to treat you?


A: I went through psychological counseling sessions, Your Honor.

Q: Were this counseling sessions reduced into writing?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Is this document the record of the treatment you went through under Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia? (Atty. Subaan showing the summary
discharge report to the complainant)
A: Yes, Your Honor

ATTY. SUBAAN: For the record, the complainant has identified Exhibit 1 which was previously marked as Summary Discharge Report at
the Medical Center Manila.

Q: Who prepared this medical report?


A: It was Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia who prepared the report, Your Honor.

Q: Miss Witness, did anything happen before you visited your psychiatrist?
A: I committed suicide.

Q: Did your psychiatrist prescribe any medication?


A: Yes, she gave me anti-depressant pills.

Q: Are you still taking these medications?


A: Not anymore, Your Honor.

ATTY. SUBAAN: No further questions.

JUDGE: Re-direct?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: No, Your Honor. We will call on our next witness.

JUDGE: Miss Witness, You may step down. Call your next witness.

Direct Examination of Jim Dorozan by Prosecutor Hyacinth Santilices

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: Im calling on Mr. Jim Dorozan.

COURT CLERK: Do you swear to tell the truth, all the truth and nothing but the truth in this case?

WITNESS: Yes Maam.

JUDGE: Please state your name and other personal circumstances.

WITNESS: Jim Dorozan, 30 years of age, single, head security officer of the Security Services Division of Nestle Philippines and a resident
of 299 Aguado St. San Miguel Quiapo, Manila.

JUDGE: Your witness.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: This witness, Your Honor, Jim Dorozan is presented to testify on the fact that the accused secretly fell in
love and could possibly be obsessed with him and may likewise began to hate the complainant secretly. May we proceed, Your Honor?

JUDGE: Proceed.

Q: Do you know the complainant?


A: Yes.

Q: How are you related to her?


A: She is my fiance.

Q: Do you know the accused?


A: Yes.
Q: How is she related to the complainant?
A: She is the childhood friend of the complainant; officemate; and they live in the same apartment.

Q: Were you aware that the accused likes you?

ATTY. SUBAAN: Objection, Your Honor. Counsel is speculating.

Judge: Sustained.

Q: Do you visit the complainant in their apartment?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: How often do you visit the complainant?


A: During weekdays, whenever I drop her after work, and during weekends.

Q: Whenever you visit the complainant in their apartment, are there any persons around?
A: Yes, sometimes, Marielle was there.

Q: When you visit the complainant during weekend, was the complainant always there?
A: Not always, Your Honor.

Q: What do you mean when you said that the complainant was not always there?
A: Shes not there because she went out.

Q: And whenever that happens, who do you find at their apartment?


A: Marielle, Your Honor.

Q: Mr. Witness, what do you do whenever you visit the complainant at their apartment and she is not around?
A: I wait for her to come back, Your Honor.

Q: Where or in what particular part of the apartment do you wait?


A: At the living room, Your Honor.

Q: And while waiting, what normally transpires?


A: I watch the tv or listen to music.

Q: You said earlier that whenever the complainant is not around during your visit, Marielle was at the apartment, is that right?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: So there were times that only you and the accused were in the apartment, while you were waiting for the complainant?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: What transpires whenever you and the accused are alone in the apartment?
A: The accused flirts with me, Your Honor.

Q: What do you mean when you said she was flirting with you?
A: She wears revealing clothes, she says I love you jokingly, mga ganun.

Q: Do you recall how many times these have happened?


A: Many times, Your Honor.

Q: What do you tell the accused every time she flirts with you?
A: I dont mind her jokes.

Q: Does your fiance know of these instances?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Why?
A: Because I told her a few times about it.

Q: What did your fiance say?


A: She said: Dont mind her. Shes crazy.

Q: Mr. Witness, please examine this text message, and tell the court if you recognize it?
A: Yes, Your Honor.
Q: Why do you recognize it?
A: Because I received that text message from the accused on August 15, 2017.

Q: This text message purports to have been sent by the person owning this mobile number, 09452328879. Do you recognize the person
who owned this number?
A: Yes, that is the mobile number of the accused, Your Honor.

Q: How do you know?


A: Because the mobile number of the accused is stored in my mobile phone, Your Honor.
Q: Will you please read aloud the contents of this text message?
A: Jim, kung hindi ka magiging akin, walang makikinabang sayo! (Jim, if I wont have you, no one else will!)

Q: Mr. Witness, kindly read the next text message.


A: Akin ka lang, Jim. Mamamatay ang kahit sinong aagaw sayo. (Youre mine, Jim. Whoever tries to steal you from me will die.)

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: Your Honor, for the record, these text messages appearing on the screen of the mobile phone of Mr. Dorozan,
previously marked as Exhibit C has been identified by the witness.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: This document is the printed copy of the text messages contained in the mobile phone of Mr. Dorozan. We
would like to request that it be marked as Exhibit C-1.

JUDGE: Mark it.

Q: How often does she send you this kind of text messages?
A: Almost everyday, Your Honor.

Q: What were you doing during the engagement party?


A: I was entertaining our friends.

Q: Were you near the victim?


A: No. I was about 8 meters away from her.

Q: Who was with the victim when the incident happened?


A: She was with the accused.

Q: What did you do when you learned of the incident?


A: I rushed to her. She was already lying on the ground.

Q: What did you do afterwards?


A: I called for an ambulance. We rushed her to the hospital.

Q: How long did you stay with her at the hospital?


A: About four hours. I waited for the doctor to come out.

Q: When the doctor came out, what did he tell you?


A: The doctor said my fiance was poisoned.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: No further questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Cross?

ATTY. RABINO: Yes, Your Honor

Cross Examination of Jim Dorozan by Atty. Rabino


Q: Mr. Witness, you have testified that whenever you and Ms. Benedito are alone in the apartment, she tried to flirt with you. Is that
right?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: What made you say that?


A: Well, I feel she made some advances. (extra sweetness )

Q: How long have you known Ms. Benedito?


A: I have known her ever since I began courting my fiance since both of them live in the same apartment. Thats about four years ago.

Q: Would you consider Ms. Benedito as your friend?


A: Ummm. Yes.
Q: Mr. Witness, is it possible that the reason why Ms. Benedito treats you well and with extra sweetness is because she considers you
as a close friend since you are the fiance of her best friend?
A: Yes

Q: You also testified that Ms. Benedito sent you threatening text messages. What is you proof that it was indeed my client who sent you
those messages?
A: I am sure Your Honor because I am familiar with the way she constructs her messages.

Q: Mr. Witness, does the complainant use your mobile phone in sending text messages to her friends?
A: Yes, sometimes

Q: How about you? Are there times when you borrow the complainants cellular phone?
A: Yes, there are times I use her phone.

Q: So, is it possible that Ms. Beneditos phone has also been borrowed by someone else and it was not her who sent you those text
messages?
A: Yes its possible. But Your Honor Im really sure she was the one who sent me those messages.

ATTY. RABINO: No further questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Re-direct?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: No, Your Honor. We will call on our last witness.

JUDGE: Call your witness.

Direct Examination of Dr. Reynier Dingle by Prosecutor Hyacinth Santilices


PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: Im calling on Dr. Reynier Dingle.

COURT CLERK: Do you swear to tell the truth, all the truth and nothing but the truth in this case?

WITNESS: Yes.

JUDGE: Please state your name and other personal circumstances.

WITNESS: Dr. Reynier Dingle, 28 years of age, single, emergency physician and a resident of Robinsons Tower, Padre Faura St., Ermita,
Manila.

JUDGE: Your witness.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: This witness, Your Honor, Dr. Reynier Dingle, will testify on the findings in the medico-legal report prepared
by him to prove the following: (i) that the effective cause of the complainants condition is chemical poisoning; (ii) that the dose taken
by the complainant is necessarily fatal; and (iii) that the possible source of the cyanide poison is the grape fruit juice prepared by the
accused. May we proceed, Your Honor?

JUDGE: Proceed.

Q: You declared that you are a doctor of medicine, Dr. Dingle, where did you finish your medical degree?
A: Emilio Aguinaldo College, United Nations Avenue, Manila.

Q: When did you graduate?


A: 1994?

Q: Are you a licensed physician?


A: Yes.

Q: When did you pass the doctors board examination?


A: in 1995.

Q: Where are you presently connected?


A: Im presently connected with the Philippine General Hospital located in Taft, Manila.

Q: Since when have you been employed in that hospital?


A: I have been employed there since 1998.
Q: What is your present designation?
A: Im presently an emergency physician in said institution.

Q: Since you became a licensed physician, have you attended seminars and undertaken training in connection with the practice of
medicine? When and where?
A: Yes. I have attended several training seminars on emergency medicine held here and abroad. In fact, I have also been invited as a
guest speaker to give special lectures on modern medical toxicology and the medico-legal aspect of poisoning. To name a few: One of
the international medical conferences Ive attended was in Switzerland last September 2017 called Poisoning and Drug Overdose by Dr.
Barry Rumack and Dr. Allan Hall who were internationally recognized experts in internal medicine. Another would be the one held just
last January in Florida, USA entitled Emergency Medicine: Practicing According to the Evidence.

Q: Have you testified as a Medical expert in cases before courts of justice?


A: Yes, mostly on medico legal cases.

Q: How many medico legal cases so far have you testified? What kind of medico legal cases have you testified?
A: For the past 5 years, around two hundred (200) cases. Mostly homicide and murder cases involving food and chemical poisoning,
medical malpractice cases and industrial and vehicular accidents.

Q: Do you recall having attended on one Jedamica Mae Delos Santos at the Philippine General Hospital?
A: Yes.

Q: Do you recall when was that doctor? About what time?


A: About 6:30 in the evening of September 17, 2017.

Q: Do you recall how many days was she confined to the hospital?
A: She was confined for one week.

Q: Why was she confined that long?


A: We made sure that the neurologic and cardiovascular status has normalized and acidosis and other metabolic abnormalities have
resolved before we discharged her.

Q: While in the hospital, did you continue attending on her?


A: Yes.

Q: After her discharge, did you require her to still see you for further medications?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Why?
A: I advised the patient to have a follow-up within 7 to 10 days after discharge to reevaluate and monitor for onset of delayed neurologic
manifestations.

Q: Did the patient see you for a follow-up Doctor?


A: Yes.

Q: Did you find any neurologic complications in said follow-up?


A: None.

Q: So Doctor, we are assured that the patient, complainant herein, is in a healthy state of mind?
A: Yes.

Q: Attached to the record of the case is a Medico Legal Report issued by one Dr. Reynier Dingle, is this the one you are referring to?
(Exhibit D)
A: Yes.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: For the record, the witness has identified the document previously marked as Exhibit D as the Medico Legal
Report issued by Dr. Reynier Dingle.

Q: There is a signature above the typewritten name Dr. Reynier Dingle, do you know whose signature is this doctor?
A: It is my signature.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: I respectfully request Your Honor, that the signature appearing in Exhibit D be marked as Exhibit D-1.

JUDGE: Mark it.

Q: Doctor, please read this particular entry. (Witness reading a portion of the medico legal report)
A: The patient came in the emergency room stretcher-borne, unconscious and in respiratory distress. Her vital signs then were: Blood
pressure 80/50 mmHg, Cardiac rate of 50 beats per minute, Respiratory Rate of 12 cycles per minute and temperature of 37.8 degree
Celsius. Patients skin was flushed.

Q: Could you please explain this finding in more simple terms for an ordinary person to understand?
A: The patient clearly was in an unstable condition, or in a very critical condition, warranting an immediate medical intervention, constant
monitoring for any sign of deterioration and further evaluation.

Q: Do you know what could have caused this kind of condition?


A: My diagnosis at that time was there was chemical poisoning.

Q: Why is the condition of Jedamica Mae Delos Santos attributable to poisoning rather than to disease or some natural cause? Were tests
conducted confirming the existence of poisoning?
A: We did Toxin Screening with the patients blood. It revealed the presence of trace amounts of cyanide in the blood, and since cyanide
is not normally found in our blood and considering its chemical nature, it is poisonous.

Q: So you are saying that the actual or effective cause of the condition of the patient is?
A: Chemical poison, which is harmful to the body or deadly to humans.

Q: Did the symptoms which appear resemble the typical symptoms of poisoning by the alleged poison?
A: Yes. The symptoms of cyanide poisoning are headache, nausea, vomiting, generalized body weakness, loss of consciousness, flushed
skin, and unstable vital signs all of which are present in this case.

Q: Doctor, what could be a possible source of cyanide in this case?


A: Based on the history given to me by the informant when the patient was brought to the ER, possible sources of cyanide could be any
of the food or beverage the patient had ingested on the day of the incident.

Q: History? What do you mean by that Doctor?


A: We fill out a form called History and Physical Examination. Contained here are the General Data, Reason for the Consult or Chief
Complaint, the History of Present Illness and the Past Medical History. Relevant here is the History of Present Illness. This refers to the
events and activities of the patient which transpired prior to the consultation, from the onset of symptoms to the time of consultation.
Q: Now, you mentioned about an informant. Who was the informant of the patient in this case, Doctor? Was it Miss Benedito?

ATTY. RABINO: Objection, Your Honor, the question is leading!

JUDGE: Sustained

Q: Who was the informant of the patient in this case?


A: It was Miss Marielle Benedito.

Q: Would you please tell the Court what it was exactly that Miss Benedito told you?
A: The informant told me that during their coffee break on the day of the incident, the food intake of the patient consisted of tuna
sandwich, fresh green salad, green tea frappuccino, and during the party, she drank coke zero.

Q: Now, my question to you is: Is it possible Doctor that a grape fruit juice can be a source of the cyanide poison?

ATTY. RABINO: Objection, the question is leading.

JUDGE: Sustained.

A: Actually, during the confinement of the patient in the hospital for one week, said patient mentioned to me that she also drank grape
fruit juice. It is possible that the grape fruit juice could be the source of cyanide considering that she ingested the same 3 hours before
the onset of symptoms.

Q: What is the minimum lethal dose of cyanide?


A: Fatal dose is the smallest dose known to cause death: not the smallest amount which will certainly cause death. Several scientific
studies have shown that the toxic threshold dose is 50 to 100mg of cyanide in the human body.

Q: In your opinion, was the dose taken by the victim necessarily fatal?
A: An analysis of the patients blood would tell us the amount or level of cyanide in the blood. The patients blood was found to have 1.5
mg/dL cyanide content. Based from this definitive finding, I can extrapolate that the amount ingested by the patient is lethal or fatal.

Q: Is that all, Doctor?


A: As previously stated, the symptoms of the patient would eventually lead to cardio-pulmonary arrest (death). If no prompt intervention
was done, the patient would have died.
Q: What are you trying to tell us Doctor?
A: The severity of the symptoms may serve as an indication of how lethal the dose of cyanide is. Or that the effect of poisons in the body
is usually proportional to the dose taken. The bigger the dose, the more severe the symptoms will be.

Q: Doctor, do you have any other field of expertise?


A: Yes. I am also an expert chemist and toxicologist. I specialize in Forensic Medicine and Toxicology specifically Poisoning and Drug
Overdose.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: I will show you a document, previously marked as Exhibit E. This is the Toxicology Report from the NBI on
the results of their chemical analyses of the sample taken from the grape fruit juice in the pitcher and of the sample taken from the
rodenticide or rat killer, Rat-A-Rest, found in the apartment of the complainant and accused.

Q: As an expert, can you please interpret to us the findings in this report?


A: This report reveals that the sample taken from the grape fruit juice has been contaminated with rodenticide. It also shows that
rodenticide has 50% cyanide concentration. It also illustrates that the grape fruit juice is hence contaminated with cyanide.

Q: Doctor, have you formed an opinion?


A: It seems that the rodenticide has been intentionally mixed into the grape fruit juice.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: No more questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Cross?

ATTY. RABINO: Yes, Your Honor.

Cross Examination of Dr. Reynier Dingle by Atty. Rabino


Q: Doctor, you have testified that you also specialize in Toxicology specifically Poisoning and Drug Overdose, hence, you are an expert
in that field, am I right?
A: Yes.

Q: Doctor, when does ingestion of the cyanide poison cause the onset of symptoms of cyanide poisoning?
A: Patients who ingest potentially fatal amounts may not develop life-threatening symptomatology for up to 1 to 2 hours following
exposure.

Q: Symptoms such as?


A: In patients who do not experience sudden collapse, the initial signs and symptoms can resemble those of anxiety or hyperventilation
syndrome. Early signs include headache. Late signs of poisoning are nausea, vomiting, loss of consciousness, and a variety of cardiac
effects.

Q: The patient-complainant also testified that she drank two glasses of the alleged source of the poison the grape fruit juice at around
2:45 pm and the onset of the symptoms of cyanide poisoning was about 6:00 pm. Thus, 3 hours had lapsed from the ingestion of the
alleged source (grape fruit juice) before the symptoms developed, am I right?
A: Yes.

Q: But you also said that symptoms of cyanide poisoning are expected to develop 1 to 2 hours following ingestion?
A: Yes.

Q: If thats the case, dont you think there is an inconsistency of the duration of ingestion and onset of symptoms between the patients
actual case and the established scientific findings of cyanide poisoning? With this, does it not mean that the condition of the patient
cannot be attributed to cyanide poisoning but to some other cause?
A: Yes. That is possible.

Q: Are you sure?


A: I can say that it is possible that the patients condition was not due to cyanide poisoning.

Q: Doctor, about the source of the poison, you only said possible sources, right?
A: Yes.

Q: By possible, you mean?


A: Probable or potential source of the poison, Sir.

Q: That the grape fruit juice is just one possible source of the cyanide poison?
A: Yes.

Q: And that there are other possible sources of the cyanide as well?
A: Yes.
Q: So, is it safe to conclude, Doctor, that the cyanide poison may have come from another source considering that for that day, the
patients food intake comprised of different food and beverages?
A: Yes, that is possible.

Q: Are you aware of the history of said patient, that she had at one time in the past, attempted to end her life due to depression?
A: Yes.

Q: That she has a history of one previous suicidal attempt one year from the date of the incident?
A: Yes.

Q: In your opinion, is said fact relevant to the determination of the cause of the symptoms?
A: Yes. History of any previous suicidal attempts, history of the patients mental condition and history of business, marital and social
failures are taken into consideration in cases of poisoning.

Q: Is it safe to conclude then that it is possible that the poisoning is attributable to suicide?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

ATTY. RABINO: No further questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Re-direct?

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: Yes, Your Honor

Re-Direct Examination of Dr. Reynier Dingle by PROSECUTOR SANTILICES


Q: Doctor, is it possible that the onset of symptoms for cyanide poisoning varies for each person? Is it possible that said symptoms may
appear beyond the normal 1-2 hour duration?
A: That is possible.

Q: Will you explain to us how that is possible?


A: Some persons possess different levels of sensitivity to certain substances. The body may acquire tolerance to some substances.
Another would be: The body has a natural defense against cyanide exposure in the form of an endogenous enzyme, namely, rhodanese.
This enzyme catalyzes cyanide complexing with sulfur, forming the much less toxic ion thiocyanate. The availability of sulfur constitutes
the rate limiting factor in natural cyanide detoxification. In the absence of exogenous source of sulfur, rhodanese activity is too slow to
prevent serious toxicity or death.

Q: Could you explain to the court what you mean by that Doctor?
A: Even though the normal duration is 1 to 2 hours, there are some cases in which the signs and symptoms of cyanide poisoning in a
patient may be delayed and appear beyond the normal duration. In the case of the patient Miss Manarang, there was a one-hour delay
of appearance of symptoms because as confirmed in her lab tests, her body produces abnormal amounts of sulfur and as Ive mentioned
earlier, when there is more sulfur in the body, the cyanide detoxification in the body is hastened, thus, the serious toxic effects of cyanide
will be diminished. Lastly, the food intake of the patient may possibly contribute to such effect.

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: No further questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Re-cross?

ATTY. RABINO: No re-cross, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Mr. Witness, you may step down.

Formal Offer of Evidence by the Prosecution


PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: Your Honor, we are now resting the case for the prosecution.

JUDGE: How do you intend to submit your formal offer?

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: We can now offer our evidence, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Proceed

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES:

Exhibit A is the Contract of Lease being offered to prove that there is a stipulation on the quarterly conduct of pest control
measures by the lessor.
Exhibit A-1 and A-2 are the signatures of Jedamica Mae Delos Santos as lessee and Rhandell Matuloy as lessor to prove that
these two persons were the contracting parties to the lease agreement.

Exhibit A-3 is the stipulation regarding the pest control measures to prove that the lessor undertakes to conduct the quarterly
pest control measures.

Exhibit B is the pitcher from which a sample was taken and subjected to chemical analysis for the purpose of proving the fact
that the source of poison was the grapefruit juice prepared by the accused contained in the pitcher.

Exhibit C consists of text messages to prove that the accused nurtured feelings for the complainants boyfriend.
Exhibit C-1 consists of printed copies of the text messages to corroborate to the fact that the accused had been sending several
text messages to the complainants boyfriend to manifest her obsession.

Exhibit D is the Medico Legal Report issued by Dr. Reynier Dingle to prove the following: (i) that the effective cause of the
complainants condition is chemical poisoning; (ii) that the dose taken by the complainant is necessarily fatal; and (iii) that the possible
source of cyanide poison is the grapefruit juice prepared by the accused.

Exhibit D-1 is the signature of Dr. Reynier Dingle to be a part of his testimony that he was the attending physician of the
complainant.

Exhibit E is the Toxicology Report of the National Bureau of Investigation to prove the chemical analysis of the sample taken
from the pitcher for qualitative and quantitative determination of the poison.

Exhibit F is the Box of Rat Killer to prove the source of the poison which was bought by the accused.

JUDGE: Any comment?

ATTY. SUBAAN:

As to Exhibits A, A-1, A-2 and A-3 we admit the existence and authenticity, Your Honor.

As to Exhibit B, we admit its existence but not its purpose.

As to Exhibits C and C-1, we can only admit as to the existence of the text messages but not its authenticity.

As to Exhibit D and D-1, we admit the existence and authenticity, Your Honor.

As to Exhibit E, we admit its authenticity and genuineness.

As to Exhibit F, we admit its existence but not its purpose.

JUDGE: Acting on the formal offer of exhibits of the prosecutor and comments thereon by the defense counsel, the Court resolves to
admit all the exhibits offered by the defense counsel specified in the offer.

DEFENSE

Direct Examination of Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia by Atty. Ronilo Subaan


ATTY. SUBAAN: For the defense, we are ready to present our first witness, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Proceed.

COURT CLERK: Do you swear to tell the truth, all the truth and nothing but the truth in this case?
WITNESS: Yes Maam.

JUDGE: Please state your name and other personal circumstances.

WITNESS: I am Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia, 35 years old, single, a licensed psychiatrist at the Psychiatry Department, Medical Center Manila,
and a resident of 123 Krusada St. Quaipo, Manila.

ATTY. SUBAAN: Your Honor, the witness is presented to testify on the medical records of the complainant who underwent several
counseling sessions under her supervision and to prove the mental and emotional instability of the complainant. May we proceed, Your
Honor?

JUDGE: Proceed.
Q: When were you admitted to the practice of medicine?
A: In 1995, Your Honor.

Q: From what university or college did you graduate and when?


A: I graduated from the University of Santo Tomas in the year 1994.

Q: Did you graduate with honors?


A: Yes, Latin Honors Your Honor.

Q: Do you have any post-graduate degree?


A: Yes, Your Honor. I finished my Master of Psychiatry degree at the University of Melbourne in 1998.

Q: Since when have you been practicing as a psychiatrist?


A: For almost 10 years, Your Honor.

Q: What is the nature of your work as a psychiatrist?


A: As a psychiatrist I deal with the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental and emotional illness and behavioral disorders of
patients.

Q: How do you treat your patients?


A: I listen and talk to patients about their mental, emotional or behavioral problems and assess the status of these disorders. I also
prescribe medications, cognitive therapy, behavioral therapy or psychological counseling depending on the patients needs.

Q: Do you know the complainant in this case?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Why do you know her?


A: She was my patient at the Psychiatry Department of Medical Center Manila.

Q: When was this?


A: August 16, 2016.

Q: For what reason did she come to your clinic?


A: She consulted me about her condition.
Q: Was the consultation out of her own volition?
A: No. She was advised by her friend.

Q: Doctor, what procedures or tests did you conduct on the complainant during the consultation?
A: I conducted physical examinations. I asked her to tell something about her, her work, her family, and other personal relationships. I
just listened to whatever she said. While she was talking, I observed her demeanor, the way she spoke, and her gestures.

Q: What did you notice about the complainant while she was talking to you?
A: At first, the patient was apparently normal. But when she began talking about her family, particularly her parents, she began to sob,
and then she cried. Her hands were trembling. She blamed herself for the death of her parents.

Q: What matters were revealed to you by the complainant in the course of the consultation?
A: The physical examinations revealed sleeping apnea, insomnia, hypertension, and migraines.

Q: As to her emotional condition?


A: The patient is suffering from major depression, without psychotic features.

Q: Did you talk to anyone else regarding the patients emotional condition?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Who else did you talk to about her emotional condition?


A: I spoke to her friend, the one who advised the patient to seek help. This was part of the analysis of the patients condition.

Q: Any other tests that you conducted on the patient?


A: No more, Your Honor.

Q: Doctor, from the examinations and observations, what did you conclude about the complainants condition?
A: The patient from suffered from single episode depression.

Q: Will you explain to this court what that condition meant?


A: Single episode depression or SED is a type of major depression that occurs once, as a result of a single psychological trauma. In the
case of the patient, based on our conversations, the only traumatic event which caused the depression was the terrible accident and
death of her parents.

Q: What made you conclude that the patient was suffering from this condition?
A: The symptoms of SED, which include insomnia, loss of appetite, which may, or may not lead to weight loss, mood swings and hypnotic
spells, matched with the results of the patients physical examination.

Q: How did you treat the patient?


A: The patient was admitted to the hospital as inpatient.

Q: How long did she stay at the hospital?


A: One month, Your Honor.

Q: And what methods or procedures did you use to treat the patient?
A: I conducted supportive counseling, Your Honor.

Q: Will you tell this Honorable Court what supportive counseling meant?
A: Supportive counseling helps ease the pain of depression and addresses the feeling of hopelessness that accompanies the depression.
In the case of the patient, I talk to her about what happened to her during the past week. If the patient mentioned a negative event, I
ask her what she felt, why she felt that way and how she should have viewed the negative situation.

Q: And the counseling sessions were at what intervals?


A: Once a week, Your Honor.

Q: Did you prescribe any medication to the patient?


A: Yes, I prescribed anti-depressant pills.

Q: When did you discharge the complainant/ patient?


A: September 16, 2016, Your Honor.

Q: The medical findings that you had on the complainant, were these reduced into writing?
A: Yes, Your Honor, I have made a psychiatric assessment on the medical findings.

Q: Did you personally prepare the said writing?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Does this document have any relation to the report that you have prepared? (Showing the psychiatric assessment)
A: That is the report that I have prepared, Your Honor.

ATTY. SUBAAN: For the record, the witness has identified this document previously marked as Exhibit 2 as the psychiatric assessment
record of Jedamica Mae Delos Santos.

Q: In the last page of this document, there appears a signature. Whose signature is this, Miss Witness?
A: That is my signature, Your Honor.

ATTY. SUBAAN: I respectfully request, Your Honor, that the signature appearing in this document be marked as Exhibit 2-A.

JUDGE: Mark it.

Q: Doctor, who ordered the discharge of the complainant?


A: I ordered the discharge, Your Honor, upon request of the complainant?

Q: Were there any conditions upon the discharge of the complainant?


A: In my discharge summary, I stated that although the patient is being discharged, she is to continue treatment as an outpatient.

Q: Did the patient comply with the condition?


A: No, Your Honor. She did not return to the hospital after the discharge.

Q: Doctor, when the complainant was discharged, what was her condition?
A: There was an improvement in her condition in general, although she is not completely stable yet.

Q: What do you mean she is not completely stable yet?


A: While she manifested improvement, there is a possibility of relapse.

Q: Do you mean to say, Doctor, that the patients condition may recur?
A: If unguarded, Your Honor.

Q: Unguarded?
A: If the patient does not follow the treatment plan, the possibility of relapse is high.

Q: Do you mean to say, Doctor, that, in the case of the complainant, there is a possibility of a relapse, considering she did not return to
you for further treatment?
A: Yes, Your Honr.

Q: And should there be a relapse, would another suicide be also a possibility?


A: That is possible, Your Honor.

ATTY. SUBAAN: No further questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Cross?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: Yes, Your Honor.

Cross Examination of Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia by Prosecutor Efren Fagtanac


Q: Doctor, you testified that you treated the complainant for single episode depression. Is that true?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: When you discharged the complainant, what was her condition?


A: She was emotionally stable.

Q: What made you conclude that the patient was emotionally stable?
A: During our last counseling session, there were no longer signs of the SED. She no longer showed signs of mood swings. She no longer
cried when I asked her about the death of her parents. She said she would not blame herself anymore.

Q: You also testified that your relationship with the complainant lasted for one month. Will you tell this Honorable Court why it lasted
only for such period?
A: The patient responded well during our counseling sessions. The anti-depressant pills which I have prescribed also worked positively
on her.

Q: The anti-depressant pills that you prescribed; do they have any side effects?
A: I asked the patient what she felt after taking the medication. She said she felt drowsy, which is a normal side effect of anti-depressants.

Q: Are there any other side effects?


A: Other anti-depressants make a patient restless and anxious. But the effects really vary from one person to another. In the case of the
complainant, the only effect was drowsiness.
Q: You testified that a relapse is possible if the patient does not continue treatment after discharge, is that true?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: How high are the chances of a relapse?


A: It depends, Your Honor.

Q: Depends on what?
A: If the patient is under several medications and they are not followed, a relapse is highly possible. And if the patient does not submit
to further counseling sessions when required, a relapse is also possible.

Q: Was the complainant under medication when she was discharged?


A: Yes, but only for anti-depressant, Your Honor.

Q: So in your opinion, is the possibility of a relapse high or low?


A: I cannot tell, Your Honor.

Q: Would that also mean that, in the case of the complainant, such relapse may not happen?
A: Probably, Your honor.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: No further questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Re-direct?

ATTY. SUBAAN: No, Your Honor. We will call on our last witness.

JUDGE: Miss Witness, You may step down. Call your last witness.
Direct Examination of Phoelvie Tulio by Atty. Rabino
ATTY. RABINO: May I call on our next witness, Miss Kate Nunez.

COURT CLERK: Do you swear to tell the truth, all the truth and nothing but the truth in this case?

WITNESS: Yes Maam.

JUDGE: Please state your name and other personal circumstances.

WITNESS: I am Phoelvie Tulio, 32 years old, married, an officemate of the complainant and a resident of 345, Paco, Manila.

ATTY. RABINO: The witness is being presented to testify on the character and suicidal tendencies of the complainant. May we proceed,
Your Honor?

JUDGE: Proceed.

Q: Do you know the complainant?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Why do you know her?


A: I work with her at the accounting department at Nestle Philippines.

Q: How long have you been officemates?


A: About two years.

Q: How would you describe her as an officemate?


A: She is a quiet person, a loner.

Q: In the two years that youve known the complainant, was there any untoward incident which involved her?
A: None sir.

Q: Was there any time that you noticed something different about the complainant?
A: Yes.

Q: What was that?


A: I saw her one time at the comfort room, she was crying while staring at the mirror.

Q: What did you do when you saw her crying?


A: I asked her if something wrong happened.

Q: What was her answer?


A: She said, I wanna die!

Q: What did you tell her after she said those words?
A: I asked her again what happened

Q: And what was her answer?


A: She did not say anything, she just stared at me.

Q: What was your reaction?


A: I said, Come on, you can tell me your problems.

Q: Did this kind of incident happen again?


A: Yes. Two days after, the same incident happened in the comfort room.

Q: What did you do during that second incident?


A: None. I did not ask her anymore because I know she wouldnt tell me anyway.

Q: Do you remember what transpired afterwards?


A: After about three days, I learned of the complainants attempt to commit suicide.

Q: Miss Witness, on June 22, 2016, did you receive an e-mail from the complainant?
A: Yes, Your Honor.
Q: Who was the sender of that e-mail?
A: It was Jedamica, Your Honor.

Q: How do you know?


A: Because she used her signature, Your Honor.

Q: Miss Witness, please examine this writing, and please tell the court if you recognized it?
A: That is the e-mail sent by the complainant, Your Honor.

ATTY. RABINO: For the record, the witness has identified this document previously marked as Exhibit A as the printed copy of the e-mail
sent by the complainant.

Q: Can you tell the Court what the e-mail contained?


A: It says: Dear Phoelvie, my parents didnt deserve to die that way. I am so stupid, I should have died with them. I wanna die now!

Q: How sure are you that this is the same e-mail which you received from the complainant?
A: Because her signature appears at the bottom of the e-mail, Your Honor.

Q: This signature appearing here, is this the signature of the complainant?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

ATTY. RABINO: Your Honor, it is respectfully requested that the signature appearing in this Exhibit 3 be marked as Exhibit 3-A.

ATTY. RABINO: No further questions.

JUDGE: Cross?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: No cross- examination for the witness, your honor.

Direct Examination of Marielle Benedito by Atty. Ronilo Subaan


ATTY. SUBAAN: For the defense, we are ready to present the accused, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Proceed.

COURT CLERK: Do you swear to tell the truth, all the truth and nothing but the truth in this case?

WITNESS: Yes Maam.

JUDGE: Please state your name and other personal circumstances.

WITNESS: Marielle Benedito, 28 years of age, single, food toxicologist at the Research and Development Division Nestle Philippines, and
a resident of Unit 143 Astral Apartment Padre Faura St. Ermita, Manila.
JUDGE: Your witness.

ATTY. SUBAAN: Your Honor, the testimony of the witness is being offered to controvert the material allegations of the information against
Marielle Benedito and to testify that due to the complainants mental and emotional state, her perspective of the situation cannot be
relied upon. May we proceed, Your Honor?

JUDGE: Proceed.

Q: Miss Witness, are you the same Marielle Benedito who is the accused in this case?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Do you know the complainant?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Do you know her personally?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: How are you related to her?


A: She is a childhood friend. We work in the same company and we live in the same apartment.

Q: Marielle Benedito, please tell this Honorable Court, where were you on September 17, 2017 at around 6pm?
A: I was at the engagement party of Jedamica and Jim .

Q: Can you recall what happened during that engagement party?


A: I was chatting with Jedamica while having a drink. We were in the kitchen then. Afterwards, I saw her holding her abdomen and
vomiting.

Q: What were you drinking that time?


A: I was drinking margarita, she was drinking Coke zero.

Q: Then what happened?


A: She dropped to the ground. She was so pale and sweaty. She lost her consciousness. Jim called for an ambulance and then we brought
her to the nearby hospital.

Q: How long did you stay at the hospital?


A: I stayed there overnight.

Q: Before the incident happened, where were you?


A: I was at the Starbucks with Jedamica.

Q: At around what time was that?


A: It was around 3pm. It was my coffee break then.

Q: Did Jedamica go to work that day?


A: No, Your Honor.

Q: Would you know why?


A: She told me she would take a leave because she needed to prepare for their engagement party.

Q: Did you go to work that day?


A: Yes.

Q: What time did you leave the house?


A: I left the house 6:30 am.

Q: So could you positively say that you had no idea about what transpired on that day, September 17, 2017, before the incident at the
engagement party happened?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: Objection, Your Honor! The question is leading.

JUDGE: Sustained.

Q: When you left the house, what was Jedamica doing?


A: She was still sleeping, Your Honor.

Q: Miss Witness, were you aware that the complainant suffered from a major depression?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Would you know the reason why she suffered from that depression?
A: Because she couldnt accept the untimely death of her parents. She blamed herself for their death.

Q: When did her parents die?


A: Around May of 2016.

Q: After the death of the complainants parents, what happened to the complainant?
A: She became insomniac. There were nights that she couldnt sleep. She also drank liquor more often. She began to lose weight. There
were also mood swings, particularly in the afternoon. There were times that she would just cry. Sometimes she just keeps quiet and not
talk to me.

Q: Did the complainant remain that way?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: For how long did she remain that way?


A: I think around two months, before she attempted to end her life.

Q: When did she attempt to commit suicide?


A: Around July or August 2016, Your Honor.

Q: After she committed suicide, what happened?


A: She sought the help of a psychiatrist.
Q: Did you advise her to seek medical help?
A: No, Your Honor, because I was afraid shed say I think shes crazy.

Q: Did you do anything to help her?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: What did you do to help her in her condition?


A: I was always talking to her, asking her how she feels, I kept telling her not to be depressed anymore. I also told her to stop drinking.

Q: After she sought the help of a psychiatrist, what happened?


A: Jedamica recovered from the depression. She was sleeping well and was no longer drinking often.

Q: No more signs of the depression were present?


A: Hmm, sometimes she suddenly kept quiet. There were times I caught her crying silently.

ATTY. SUBAAN : No further questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Cross?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: Yes, Your Honor.

Cross Examination of Marielle Benedito by Prosecutor Efren Fagtanac


Q: In the direct examination, you told this Honorable Court that you work as a food toxicologist, how long have you been practicing this
profession?
A: 7 years.

Q: What is your specialization?


A: I specialize in chemical analysis of food composition and toxicity of food contents.

Q: So, you have knowledge of different kinds of chemicals and food substances?
A: Yes.

Q: Are you familiar with rodenticide?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Is it poisonous?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Do you think it can kill a person?


A: Depending on the amount, Your Honor.

Q: Do you use rodenticide?


A: Yes, we use them for killing house rats.

Q: Do you have a rodenticide at home?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Do you recognize this box of rat killer, previously marked as Exhibit F?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Was this the package that contained the rat killer?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Were you the one who bought this?


A: No. It was Jedamica who bought it because she intends to clean the apartment and to eliminate the rats at home.

Q: Miss Witness, were you aware of the provision in the lease contract which said that it is the responsibility of the lessor to conduct
quarterly pest control measures?
A: Yes, Your Honor. In fact, I was surprised why Jedamica bought rodenticide, well in fact our lease agreement provides that we should
report any complaints we have to the lessor.

Q: How long have you been staying with the complainant in the same apartment?
A: About 8 years now, Your Honor.

Q: Do you have any other companion in the apartment where you and Jedamica stay?
A: None

Q: Does this mean that either only you or Jedamica prepares the food and drinks that may be found in the apartment.
A: Yes. Except those which are ready to eat or drink. And sometimes if a close female relative from the province decides to stay for a
while in the city, we allow her to stay in the apartment.

Q: The night before Jedamica was poisoned, were there any other person staying with you in the apartment?
A: None sir.

Q: So during that time, all the drinks and food inside the apartment were either prepared by you or Jedamica?
A: Most probably, Your Honor.

Q: Are you aware of the findings of the doctor who attended by Jedamica that she was poisoned around 6 hours earlier before she was
brought to the Hospital?
A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: Where were you during that time?


A: I was in the office. I have work.

Q: On the day of the incident, what time did you wake up?
A: The usual. 5:30 AM.

Q: Did you wake up earlier than Jedamica?


A: Yes, Your Honor

Q: During that time, did you notice any grapefruit juice in the ref?
A: Yes. We always have some stock of juice.

Q: You testified that you and the complainant were childhood friends. Were you not concerned during the time that she suffered from
depression?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: Objection, Your Honor, counsel is speculating.

(Pag overruled, ANSWER: I was concerned about her, but knowing her, she would not tell me how she feels because she liked keeping
things to herself)

(Pag sustained, reform the question to: WHAT DID YOU DO TO HELP THE COMPLAINANT DURING THE TIME SHE WAS SUFFERING
FROM DEPRESSION? Answer: I was always talking to her, asking her how she feels, if she was okay or not.)

Q: Miss Witness, do you know the fiance of the complainant?


A: Yes, Your Honor.

Q: How did you come to know him?


A: He is the head security officer of the company where I and Jedamica work.

Q: Does he visit your apartment regularly?


A: Yes, I think so.

Q: Do you entertain him when he visits your place?


A: Not at all. I usually give the couple some privacy.

Q: Did you like him?


A: No, Your Honor.

Q: Did you nurture any affection towards him?


A: No, Your Honor.

Q: Are you not jealous of your best friend?


A: No, Your Honor.

Q: Did you not develop any ill feelings towards your best friend when you learned that she and Ritchie is getting married?
A: No, Your Honor. In fact, Im happy for the both of them.

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC: No further questions, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Re-direct?
ATTY. SUBAAN: No, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Miss Witness, You may step down.

Formal Offer of Evidence of Defense


ATTY. SUBAAN: Your Honor, we are now resting the case for the defense.

JUDGE: How do you intend to submit your formal offer?

ATTY. SUBAAN: We can now formally offer our evidence Your Honor.

JUDGE: Proceed.

ATTY. SUBAAN:
Exhibit 1 is the Summary Discharge Report to prove the complainants admission for treatment at the Medical Center Manila.

Exhibit 2 is the Psychiatric Assessment issued by Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia to prove mental and emotional condition of the
complainant at the time she was admitted for psychiatric treatment.

Exhibit 2-A is the signature by Dr. Cherie Naomi Garcia as part of her testimony attesting to the fact that she was the psychiatrist
of the complainant at Medical Center Manila.

Exhibit 3 consists of printed copies of the electronic mails sent by the complainant to witness Kate Nunez to prove the mental
and emotional instability of the complainant and her suicidal tendencies.

Exhibit 3-A is the printed copy of the electronic signature of the complainant to prove the authorship of the electronic mails sent
by her.

JUDGE: Any comment, PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC?

PROSECUTOR FAGTANAC:

As to Exhibit 1 and 1-A, we can admit its existence and authenticity, Your Honor.

As to Exhibit 2 and 2-A, we can only admit the existence but not the authenticity and truthfulness Your Honor.

JUDGE: Acting on the formal offer of exhibits of the defense counsel and comments thereon by the public prosecutor, the court resolves
to admit all the exhibits offered by the defense counsel specified in the offer.

JUDGE: Any rebuttal-evidence, Fiscal?

PROSECUTOR SANTILICES: No rebuttal evidence, Your Honor.

JUDGE: Considering that the public prosecutor will not present rebuttal evidence, the court gives the parties 30 days from today within
which to file their respective memoranda. The case shall be deemed submitted for decision after the lapse of the said period, even
without the said memorandum.

JUDGE: Any closing statements?

Prosecution (Plaintiff): Your honor, today we have the burden of proof. As the evidence shown which is the medico-legal findings and
the testimony of our witnesses, it shows that Ms. Benedito intentionally poisoned Ms. Delos Santos because of her intense feelings for
Mr. Jim Dorozan which made her jealous. By that we ask for a verdict of guilty your honor.

Defense: Your honor, today the prosecution has the burden of proof and they have availed to prove it. Your honor they have not showed
beyond reasonable doubt that (accused) is guilty. The evidence does not show that Ms. Benedito poisoned and frustratingly murdered
Ms Delos Santos. It was clearly stated that Ms. Delos Santos intentionally committed suicide due to her depression. By that, we ask for
a verdict of not guilty your honor.

Judge: We have now heard arguments from both sides in the case of People of the Philippines vs Benedito I must now decide if the State
has proven beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant is guilty of frustrated murder.

I have been given material that will help understand the law regarding presumption of innocence and reasonable doubt, as well as the
requirement for a unanimous verdict and the facts that the State must prove in order to find the defendant guilty.
JUDGE: Order.

JUDGEMENT
JUDGE: Will the defendant please stand.
(Ms. Benedito stand along with their lawyers)
You may read the verdict.

Clerk of Court: (THEY READ VERDICT BELOW or FROM THEIR VERDICT


FORM)
*****************************************************
(As to each charge, check whether guilty or not guilty)
Clerk of Court: As to the charges against Ms. Benedito, your honor, we find as follows:
Ms, Benedito is:
Guilty_______ Not Guilty_____ for the crime of Frustrated Murder.
******************************************************
Judge: Thank you everyone.
Clerk of Court: Court is adjourned. Order in the court.

(All rise as the judge exits the courtroom)