Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 20

Maritime Safety and Legislation

COC1/2
Fixed CO2 Extinguishing Systems

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 1
Fixed CO2 alarm
System
Pressure sensor

vent Starting
Safety bottles
valve

E/R
CO2 battery

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 2
chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 3
chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 4
CO2 and SOLAS (Reg 5)
1.5 times heavier than air. Smothers the fire.

Stored in cylinder about 55 bars. Expands to


about 450 times its volume. (0.56m3/Kg)

30% of gross volume of biggest cargo space

40% of gross volume of machinery space

85% of the gas discharged within 2 mins

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 5
Mechanical
Operation

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 6
Requirements of CO2 bottle
Stamped pressure (52 bar)

Bursting disc (177-193 bar)

Recharging if 5% of content is lost

Hydraulically tested 228 bar

If bottle>10 years, internal & external inspection

Stored at < 55 degC

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 7
Alarm Cabinet

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 8
chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 9
chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 10
Flag State Requirements
CO2 bottles to be hydraulically tested 20 years after date
of installation and every 5 years thereafter

Quantity of CO2 in the cylinder should be checked once


every 4 years (25% yearly, or 50% biennially)
- every bottle must be check once every 4 years

Installation check monthly to ensure no leakage

For cable operating system, wires and accessories


checked every 3 months

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 11
Flag State Requirements
All control valves to be inspected annually and
internally inspected every 5 years

Air blown through piping annually

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 12
Low Pressure
System

(Bulk Storage)

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 13
Low Pressure CO2 system
Insulated cylinder

21 bar at about 20 degC

Refrigeration units (one on standby).


Automatic cut-in should the other fails.
One unit powered by emergency supply.

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 14
Low Pressure CO2 system
Alarm activated when

Loss of 5% of contents of CO2 (low level)

Increase in volume of CO2 98%

Leakage past main discharge valve

Opening of section valve

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 15
CO2 relief valves
Low pressure (LP)
Vents into the atmosphere outside

High pressure (HP)


In case of fire, the HP valves vent into the
compartment where the CO2 cylinder is
located.

Heater to assist in the rate of discharge


when system is activated

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 16
Operations
1. Open section valve

2. Open main discharge valve


- alarm will activate

- main discharge valve fitted with actuator for


remote operation

- timer fitted to ensure release of CO2 is set to a


certain amount (i.e. big and small spaces has
different settings)

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 17
Low Pressure CO2 System
Advantages
Lower initial cost
Recharging is simple
50% weight save (compared with battery type)

Disadvantages
Power source required
Possible leakage (therefore 5% extra charge)

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 18
CO2 systems
Explain the steps you would take before
activation of fixed CO2 system.

Explain the steps you would take for


entry into the engine room after
activation of CO2.

chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 19
chenck/COC1&2/chap3C 20