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Maritime Safety and Legislation

Fixed CO2 Extinguishing Systems

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Fixed CO2 alarm
Pressure sensor

vent Starting
Safety bottles

CO2 battery

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CO2 and SOLAS (Reg 5)
1.5 times heavier than air. Smothers the fire.

Stored in cylinder about 55 bars. Expands to

about 450 times its volume. (0.56m3/Kg)

30% of gross volume of biggest cargo space

40% of gross volume of machinery space

85% of the gas discharged within 2 mins

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Requirements of CO2 bottle
Stamped pressure (52 bar)

Bursting disc (177-193 bar)

Recharging if 5% of content is lost

Hydraulically tested 228 bar

If bottle>10 years, internal & external inspection

Stored at < 55 degC

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Alarm Cabinet

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Flag State Requirements
CO2 bottles to be hydraulically tested 20 years after date
of installation and every 5 years thereafter

Quantity of CO2 in the cylinder should be checked once

every 4 years (25% yearly, or 50% biennially)
- every bottle must be check once every 4 years

Installation check monthly to ensure no leakage

For cable operating system, wires and accessories

checked every 3 months

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Flag State Requirements
All control valves to be inspected annually and
internally inspected every 5 years

Air blown through piping annually

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Low Pressure

(Bulk Storage)

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Low Pressure CO2 system
Insulated cylinder

21 bar at about 20 degC

Refrigeration units (one on standby).

Automatic cut-in should the other fails.
One unit powered by emergency supply.

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Low Pressure CO2 system
Alarm activated when

Loss of 5% of contents of CO2 (low level)

Increase in volume of CO2 98%

Leakage past main discharge valve

Opening of section valve

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CO2 relief valves
Low pressure (LP)
Vents into the atmosphere outside

High pressure (HP)

In case of fire, the HP valves vent into the
compartment where the CO2 cylinder is

Heater to assist in the rate of discharge

when system is activated

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1. Open section valve

2. Open main discharge valve

- alarm will activate

- main discharge valve fitted with actuator for

remote operation

- timer fitted to ensure release of CO2 is set to a

certain amount (i.e. big and small spaces has
different settings)

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Low Pressure CO2 System
Lower initial cost
Recharging is simple
50% weight save (compared with battery type)

Power source required
Possible leakage (therefore 5% extra charge)

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CO2 systems
Explain the steps you would take before
activation of fixed CO2 system.

Explain the steps you would take for

entry into the engine room after
activation of CO2.

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