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Genres (type) of text:

1) Nonfiction real; true; factual
a) biography b) autobiography c) textbook
d) letter e) Essay f) newspaper article
g) advertisement h) schedule i) manual
2) Fiction not real; fake, made up
a) historical fiction b) fantasy c) myths d) mystery
e) science fiction f) realistic fiction g) poetry
h) fairy tales i) folk tales j) fables k) legends
5 Elements of Narrative (story) Text and Writing
What do we need to have in a story?
1) Plot Conflict events in a story - all Plot
diagram Exposition, Rising Action, Turning
Point/ Climax, Falling Action, Resolution
CONFLICT the problem in the story
External conflict-outside-struggle between
opposing outside forces, visible
a) man vs man problem between two people;
b) man vs. society a group team, organization,
fraternity/sorority, political groups, gang
c) man vs. beast animals, creatures (monster,
mutant, vampires, werewolf, ghost)
d) man vs nature wind, rain, tree, lightning,
hurricane, snow, earthquake, tsunami,
tornado, desert, tundra, mountain, ocean,
e) man vs technology man-made - computers,
cell phones, hoverboard, watch, robot (science
2) Setting where and when the story takes
Place at the store, at my house, battlefield, a
lab, Mrs. Mauciones classroom, Pizza Hut, the
Apple Store, Rite Aid, Bloomfield High School,
New Jersey, Met Life Stadium, Canada, Europe,
the Pacific Ocean
Time 1952, the 1990s, 8:45, B.C, night time, 9th
period, A.D, the Jurassic age, during WW2, the Ice
Age, a long long time ago, summer, July, Monday,
3) Characters people/animal/creature/man made
things/ objects in the story TALK, THINK,
4) Theme the lesson about life/ the message that
the author is trying to get across; told to us through
the conflict and how the character solves the
conflict in the end;
Family, friendship, perseverance, determination,
happiness, acceptance, love,
5) Point of View the way the story is told/written,
1st person POV I, my, we, myself, me
The narrator is the main character
2nd person POV
3rd person limited POV him, her, the characters
name, them, they, their, she, he The narrator is
NOT a character in the story; the narrator Is an
outside being looking down on the
characters/situations; the narrator knows the
thoughts and feelings of only the MAIN character

3rd person omniscient POV - him, her, the

characters name, them, they, their, she, he
Omni-all knowing the narrator knows the
thoughts and feeling of MOST characters

****To make a story interesting plot twist,

figurative language hyperbole, onomatopoeia,
simile, metaphor, alliteration, personification,
adage, idiom, allusion, sensory details (five senses),
Characters, setting, plot/conflict, point of view, theme

Characters people, animals, objects, creatures have feelings, emotions, actions, speaking

Setting time and place 1500s, 2016, April 10, the future, the past, the Stone Age, specific or generic

Plot events in a story exposition, rising action, turning point, falling action, resolution

Theme message to the individual about life = possible themes, friendship, family, individualism,
patriotism, finding yourself

How do we write a story?



Figurative language similes, metaphors, onomatopoeia, hyperbole, personification,plot diagram,

character developmemt (flat, round, static dynamic)