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. ECDIS,
, ECIDS .
ECDIS , , .
ECDIS, .
ECDIS .
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ECDIS, .

ECDIS. ..
, ECDIS.



, 2013
Ver. 1.0
ECDIS 2 of 49

1. ECDIS, , , .
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: ! ? ?
: . . .
, , ECDIS.
For training only, , 2015
. , ?
: , . ,
ECDIS.
, . ,
, , . .
: , , SOLAS
. 2015 .
: , , 2015 . ,
. . 2012 .
.
July July July July July July July July July July
2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018

New Passenger Ships >500gt

New Tankers >3000gt

New Cargo ships >10000gt

New Cargo ships >3000gt

Existing Passenger ships >500gt

Existing Tankers >3000gt

Existing Cargo Ships >50000gt

Existing Cargo Ships >20000gt

Existing Cargo Ships >10000gt

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ECDIS ,

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? ECDIS.
, , paperless.
: . SOLAS .
ECDIS back up . back up
. , ECDIS.
SOLAS . - .
SOLAS V/2
2.2 Nautical chart or nautical publication is a special-purpose map or book, or a
specially compiled database from which such a map or book is derived, that is
issued officially by or on the authority of a Government, authorized Hydrographic
Office or other relevant government institution and is designed to meet the
requirements of marine navigation.
SOLAS V/19
2.1 All ships irrespective of size shall have:
2.1.4 nautical charts and nautical publications to plan and display the ships route
for the intended voyage and to plot and monitor positions throughout the voyage.
An electronic chart display and information system (ECDIS) is also accepted as
meeting the chart carriage requirements of this subparagraph. Ships to which
paragraph [2.10] applies shall comply with the carriage requirements for ECDIS
detailed therein;

*2.10] .

2.1.5 back-up arrangements to meet the functional requirements of subparagraph


2.1.4, if this function is partly or fully fulfilled by electronic means;
Footnote to regulation 2.1.4
* Paper nautical charts sufficient to meet the requirements of sub-paragraph .4 and
regulation 27 may be used as a back-up arrangement for ECDIS.

SOLAS V/27
Nautical charts and nautical publications, such as sailing directions, lists of lights,
notices to mariners, tide tables and all other nautical publications necessary for the
intended voyage, shall be adequate and up to date.

: , . ,
SOLAS ?
: , ECDIS back up.
: -, , ECDIS . ,
ECDIS, . , ECDIS
. ( ), ECDIS
. .
: . .. ECDIS ,
SOLAS. , ECDIS. ,
, , ECDIS , ,
For training purpose.

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, . For
training only . ?
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,
. ECDIS SOLAS .
deadline ( 2015 ) .
: ECDIS , , ,
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.

IMO RESOLUTION A.817(19)


PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR
ELECTRONIC CHART DISPLAY AND
INFORMATION SYSTEMS (ECDIS)

RESOLUTION MSC.232(82)
ADOPTION OF THE REVISED
PERFORMANCE STANDARDS FOR
ELECTRONIC CHART DISPLAY AND
INFORMATION SYSTEMS (ECDIS)

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. :
ECDIS, ENC, ECS, RCDS, RNC, RENC, SENC ,
, ?
: , .
,
.
ECIDS - Electronic Chart Display and Information System
ECS - Electronic Chart System
, ECDIS IMO SOLAS, ECS
! , ,
ECDIS .
SOLAS , ECDIS,
ECDIS.
ENC Electronic Navigational Chart
SENC System Electronic Navigational Chart
RNC Raster Navigational Chart
ENC . , ..
(Private) . SOLAS
paperless navigation.
RNC . ECDIS ECDIS,
RCDS mode (.. Raster Chart Display System). , RCDS
mode .
SENC ECDIS. ..
, ENC ECDIS.

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,
( ), ,
(paperless navigation).
: , , ,
, ECDIS ,
paperless navigation (- ENC RNC). ,
, .
: . ,
S-66 Facts about Electronic Charts and Carriage Requirements:

The IMO performance standards for ECDIS states that where ENCs are not available, RNCs may
be used in ECDIS to meet the chart carriage requirements. However, when an ECDIS is being
used with RNCs, the RNCs should be used together with an appropriate folio of up to date
paper charts.

, :

Only a type-approved ECDIS operating with up to date ENCs and with appropriate back up
arrangements may be used to replace paper chart navigation. Where ENCs are not available,
the SOLAS regulations allow Flag States to authorise the use of RNCs (together with an
appropriate folio of paper charts).

, , ,
IMO. International Hydrographic
Organization (IHO).
S-66 Facts about Electronic Charts and Carriage
Requirements . .
.
: , ECDIS .
ECDIS. ?
: , .
. ,
. , -
! . . .
. , ,
.
. Ship-specific risk assessments ,
ECDIS: ECDIS,
, , ,

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.. , ,
.
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, , ECDIS.
, GPS (
). , ,
, , , ,
. ?
Passage Plan ( Voyage Plan). .. ,
.
. .
: ECDIS .
, , .
ECDIS. , .
, ..
.

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2. ECIDS . !
- ?

: .
,
.
: . ECIDS
. . 3-5 , .
Base CDs ( 9 ) Update CD
. ECDIS . ,
, . .

Base Update .

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,
. ECDIS.
ECDIS ( )
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ECDIS.
: . .. ECDIS ,
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. , ?

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? Update CD?
, , paperless.
: ,
.
, , .
. .. 8 Base CDs
Update CDs. ,
Base CDs,
( ) Update CD.
: . , , Base CDs
, Update CD . Update CD
Base CDs,
. , , :

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.

, Upadate CD 19 Base CDs 17


. Base CDs (9 ),
.
, , 7 19 (
), Base CDs 17
Update CD 19 . Base CDs
, .

Update CDs ,
Base CDs. ..
, Update CD 15 10 15
( 9 Base CDs).

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: . . , - .
, Permits
() , , , ?
: Permits Base CDs
Update CD.

: . ECDIS,
. Admiralty Guides
, Base CDs
ECDIS ENC
. ECDIS (
).

, , Base CDs. ,
Base CDs ENC . ENC
SENC (.. ECDIS). . ,
, ,
. , ,
. Base CDs
(1, 2, 3 ). , - ,
.
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, .
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, warning.
: , ,
, warning.

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( ) ukho enc download Admiralty Update
Service.

: FTP://ukho.gov.uk. .
, , .. .
Username: ukhopublic
Password: Public12345

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, .

Digital Product Updates. .


, . . .

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, ?
: - ukho United Kingdom Hydrographic Office.
. . ,
, , .

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ECDIS. .
ftp :
ADP_WK36_13 Admiralty Digital Publications ( ).
AIO_Wk36_13 Admiralty Information Overlay ( ).
ARCS_Base5_WK26_13 Admiralty Raster Chart Service (Base ),
, ENC. ( ,
).
iso , ..
; zip (),
.
ARCS_WK36_13 Base, , update.
AVCS_BASE_CD7_WK36_13 Admiralty Vector Chart Service (Base ), ENC,
( , ).
AVCS_Wk36_13_CD7 Base ENC , ,
iso zip.
AVCS_Wk35_13 , .. Update CD ( ).
BASE DVD1 WK3613 Base ENC DVD
( , ).

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UKHOEOUS United Kingdom Hydrographic Office ENC Online Updating Service.


. , ,
.
, S631-1 - ,
1 2014 .
.
, AVCS, .. Admiralty. ,
Primar Service, Primar.
. Base
. , Admiralty.
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, - ECDIS. ,
. , ?
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T&P (Temporary and Preliminary), .. ,
. T&P ECDIS.
, ,
. ECDIS Manual Correction.
, T&P .
email .
, (Notices to Mariners)
T&P .

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3. ?
: , AIO,
, . , .
ENC
(national HO national Hydrographic Office). ,
RENC (Regional ENC
coordinating Center).
RENC , . , ENC ,
ENC SENC. RENC ENCs ,
, . RENCs ( ,
): Primar () IC-ENC ( ).
, . , . Primar IC-ENC
, .

,
ENC (). , . : AVCS (Admiralty
Vector Chart Service), Primar ENC Service .
c ENC , , ECDIS,
SENC ( ECDIS).
, ECDIS
, SENC , ..
ECDIS. ,
.
: , .
, , ENC.
, . SENC
ECDIS (, ,
). . , .

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Admiralty , ,
.

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, . , IHO (International
Hydrographic Organization). , (
). AIO?
: AIO. . .
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( ,
).
: ? ?

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: , . Admiralty Information Overlay (AIO)


T&P . . ECDIS ,
, .

: , . .. T&P
. - . ,
?
: , , , . AIO
( )
. . , , (permits)
, AIO .
AIO.

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. ECDIS AIO
.
: T&P ECDIS ?
: . ECDIS ,
.
.

,
ECDIS (pick report, info ..).

: .. . .
, , ,
.
( Manual Correction)?
: , , , .
, Admiralty ,
- . ..

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(information overlay). , . ,
, , ,
. , AIO
, T&P .
T&P , , - .
,
. ,
- .

If the navigational ECDIS is capable of displaying the Overlay, Overlay information may
temporarily be displayed when navigating. To avoid too much information obscuring the chart
display the Overlay should normally be turned off and should only be turned on for brief
periods when required for reference. Therefore Mariners Navigation Objects should be used to
draw attention to relevant Overlay features when the Overlay is turned off.
Admiralty Information Overlay User Guide

: .. , ,
, - T&P
. AIO.
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: - . , . .
- . , -
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ECDIS, ,
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S-63.
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4. S-63 1.1?
: . IHO , ENCs:
S-52 Specification for Chart Content and Display Aspects of ECDIS ENC
ECDIS. .. .
: , , , ., ENC .
S-57 Transfer Standard for Digital Hydrographic Data

(Hydrographic Offices)
ECDIS.
S-63 The IHO Data Protection Scheme ENC .
ENC , .
ECIDS,
ENC.
S-63 1.0. S-63
1 2014 .
: S-63 1.1?
: S-63 1.1 ECDIS. ..
, . AVCS
ENC DVD . ..
Base .

6 ( 2013 31
2013). , ECDIS S-63 1.1.
, ,
ECDIS. ECDIS IHO.CRT (
ukho). IHO.CRT ,
.
(permits) ENC S-63 1.1 .

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17 2013 UKHO S-63 1.1.


S-63 1.0 31 2013. , .
ftp ukho.
, . ( 2013)
AVCS_S631-1.

, , S-63 1.1.

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, , ECDIS Video Install Guides.


, Public key
( ) ECDIS.

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:
https://www.ukho.gov.uk/ProductsandServices/ElectronicCharts/Pages/AVCS.aspx?tab=5
YouTube ,
.
ECDIS pdf .
: , . ,
DVD ? CD ? ECDIS DVD?
: Base CDs
. Base
CDs Update CD DVD . DVD
. , .
.

The AVCS data is supplied on CD or DVD. Each Base CD contains ENCs from one or more
producer nations (countries) and is labelled with the country names. The DVD contains
worldwide ENCs and all available updates.
ADMIRALTY Vector Chart Service Overview

: online ? ..
?
: . , ,
. ,
. , IHO.CRT
, , .

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, ECIDS 2009 , S-63 1.1.


(.. ) ECDIS Wheelmark label (
Wheelmark label Key4mate).

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5. ENC .
: , , , ,
, ENC. ,
.
(Pick Report).
: Simplified Traditional .
. Traditional
, . Simplified ,
ECDIS. ,
, .

Traditional Simplified

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: , . Simplified
. ?
: . , .
, , ENC,
, .
. .
: .
.
, ENC?

: , , , quality
pattern. . ,
ENC zones of confidence (ZOC),
.
. , , , .

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, ,
.

ZOC Position Depth Accuracy Seafloor Coverage Typical Survey Characteristics


ECDIS Symbol Accuracy
A1 5m =0.50 + 1%d Full area search undertaken. Controlled, systematic survey high position and depth
Depth (m) Accuracy (m) Significant seafloor features accuracy achieved using DGPS or a minimum three high
detected and depths quality lines of position (LOP) and a multibeam, channel
10 0.6
measured. or mechanical sweep system.
30 0.8
100 1.5
1000 10.5
A2 20m = 1.00 + 2%d Full area search undertaken. Controlled, systematic survey achieving position and
Depth (m) Accuracy (m) Significant seafloor features depth accuracy less than ZOC A1 and using a modern
detected and depths survey echosounder and a sonar or mechanical sweep
10 1.2
measured. system.
30 1.6
100 3.0
1000 21.0
B 50m = 1.00 + 2%d Full area search not achieved; Controlled, systematic survey achieving similar depth but
Depth (m) Accuracy (m) uncharted features, hazardous lesser position accuracy less than ZOC A2 and using a
to surface navigation are not modern survey echosounder, but no sonar or mechanical
10 1.2
expected but may exist. sweep system.
30 1.6
100 3.0
1000 21.0
C 500m = 2.00 + 5%d Full area search not achieved, Low accuracy survey or data collected on an opportunity
Depth (m) Accuracy (m) depth anomalies may be basis such as soundings on passage.
expected.
10 2.5
30 3.5
100 7.0
1000 52.0
D More Worse than ZOC C Full area search not achieved, Poor quality data or data that cannot be quality assessed
than large depth anomalies may be due to lack of information.
500m expected.

U Unassesed - The quality of the bathymetric data has yet to be assessed.

: , . . ,
- , , , .
. (ZOC C),
10 accuracy 2,5. , 8
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, , .
, , . , , 2
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: , . - , ENC
,
. .. .
? .
. ENC ,
.

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:
. ECDIS, ,
. , ENC.
: . - , ENC, ,
. compilation scale
, ENC .
Navigational purpose Name Scale range
1 Overview <1:1 499 999
2 General 1:350 000 1:1 499 999
3 Coastal 1:90 000 1:349 999
4 Approach 1:22 000 1:89 999
5 Harbour 1:4 000 1:21 999
6 Berthing >1:4 000

, IHO
. ENC .
Navigational purpose Name Scale
1:3 000 000
1 Overview
1:1 500 000
1:700 000
2 General
1:350 000
1:180 000
3 Coastal
1:90 000
1:45 000
4 Approach
1:22 000
1:12 000
5 Harbour 1:8 000
1:4 000
6 Berthing >1:4 000

, .
, . ECDIS
. , -, ,
. ENC , ,
, ,
.
zoom out , () -
. , ,
, - .
(zoom in).

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zoom in ECDIS . .. Coastal


. Approach Harbour,
Approach . , . ,
.
, ( ). , .
, compilation
scale , ECDIS ,
overscale alarm. , , .
, overscale pattern.

: , . ,
.
: , , . , ?
overscale alarm?

.
compilation scale.
. ,
0,5, 1:4000
1 ( , ) 4
. 1:700000, 1
700 .
.
1:300000. ,
, ( ) ,
. ,
. , . ,
, (370).
300 ,
. ECDIS ,
(). ()
.

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, . ,
, .

compilation scale (1:300000). 1:25000

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, , overscale pattern ,
, .
: , ECDIS,
. ,
. , , ECDIS ,
,
. , , , ,
.
ECDIS. .
: , .
, . : ENC, , update,
ECIDS .. ECDIS, .
, . ,
, . ,
.
, overscale ,
. (, )
. ECDIS, ,
. , .
, ECDIS : .
: generic specific. Generic ECIDS,
,
. , , ,
ECDIS, ,
ECIDS IMO Model 1.27.
IMO Model 1.27 .
, ECDIS, - ECDIS, ,
, overscale ..
, specific ECDIS,
. specific
, .
. ,
: . .. ,
. , ECDIS,
, specific ,
, .
: ,
, ECDIS.
, ENC, .
. .

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ENC.

, ENC,
S-62 - List Of Data Producer Codes.

1 6, :
Overview, General, Coastal, Approach, Harbour Berthing.

.
, .
, .
, .

:
DK1NORSO (Denmark),
Overview, NORSO .
, .
DE321002.001 - (German),
Coastal, 21002 , 001
.
: . .

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6. .
: , ECDIS 3
?
: , .
: ECDIS,
. .. ,
, : GPS, , , ,
, ..
: , , ,
. ECIDS ,
: , gps .
: ?
: , . ECDIS, .
: : ECDIS is not anti-collision, but anti-grounding device.
?
:
. ECDIS ,
. .. ,
, .
: Deep contour, Safety contour, Shallow contour?
: . .
. , ,
, ECDIS .
, ECDIS
. , , , ECDIS
.
. , ECDIS
. , .
, . , ,
. ,
Safe/Unsafe .
,
. ,
( ) ( )

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, , . ,
, .
- ,
. Shallow contour 10. ,
, 10
. , ECDIS .
. , ECDIS :
Shallow contour 8 9 , , 10,
10- . Shallow
contour 11, 20, ECDIS -
20- .

Safety contour ,
. Safety contour 20, ..
Shallow contour. Safety contour
, . ,
,
. . ..

: , 20, ,
20 20- .

zoom
out,
, .
Deep contour
.
Safety depth. ECDIS
5- 10- , . .. 63 ,
63 63 (
).

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: , . . ..
. 63, 63
, 64 .
.
: , ,
. ,
.
, ECDIS Standard display.
. Safety contour 18.
, , .

, 20- .
18- .
Safety contour 20.

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, , 20-
. .. 10- .
, 10- , ,
Safety contour.
Simplified , ECDIS
.

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Isolated danger ,
,
Safety contour,
ECDIS.

: ECDIS , Shallow pattern. ,


, . ,
, , Safety
contour. , No go areas.

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7. ENC.
: , . ,
Standard display
.
: , . Custom,
Extended, All , ECDIS.
Standard display ,
. , Standard display
.
,
.

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: , , ,
ECDIS.

Bright Day

Dusk

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Night

, Night ,
.
: , ECDIS ENC
, ENC . S-52
:

ECDIS :

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ECDIS ENC limit :

, ,
ENC , .
: , ENC
? .. , ,
,
.
: .
(Horizontal Datum Error).
ECIDS.

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Radar Overlay.
, ,
. ..
, . ,
.

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8. ENC .
: , . ,
ENC .
, ECDIS . ECDIS
, , .
NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
ENC . : NOAA ENC.
, ENC ,
noaa enc download.
.

Download NOAA ENC Data.

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, Proceed to Chart Downloader.


.

ENC.

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, ENC ,
, .

, . .
.

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ENC .

, ENC ECDIS, .
, ENC . ..
.
: http://www.charts.noaa.gov/ENCs/ENCs.shtml

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:
ADMIRALTY Update Service ( ftp AVCS )
PRIMAR CD Service ( ECDIS PRIMAR )
S-63 1.1 ( pdf )
Admiralty Notices to Mariners (NM) Weekly ( )
ECDISregs.com (Library of publications and documentation of regulations pertaining to ECDIS)
International Hydrographic Organization (IHO)
NOAA ENC ( ENC )

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