Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 136

I

2010



2010

( 2009 )

/
/, 2010
2010 .

(4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom)


(999 University Street, Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7)

, 1998.
, 2002.
, 2003.
, 2004.
, 2006.
, 2007.
, 2008.
, 2010.

ISBN 978-92-9231-758-4

: 9731P1

/ 2010

.

,



.

................................................................................................................................................... vii
....................................................................................................................................................... ix
1.
1.1 ............................................................................................................................ 1-1
1.2 .............................................................................. 1-1
1.3 ............................................................................................................... 1-2
1.4 ....................................................................................................... 1-3
1.5 ............................................................................................. 1-3
1.6 ................................................................................................................ 1-4
1.7 ................................................................................... 1-5
1.8 SAR 1949
.......................................................................................... 1-6
2.
2.1 (SAR) .......................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 ...................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.3 ........................................................................... 2-3
2.4 ............................................................................ 2-9
2.5 (SAR) ............................................................................................ 2-10
2.6 ............................................ 2-11
2.7 .................................................................................................................... 2-12
3. , ,
3.1 .................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 ............................................................................. 3-2
3.3 ........................................................................................................................................... 3-6
4.
4.1 ....................................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 ............................................................................................... 4-1
4.3 , SAR ............................................................................ 4-3
4.4 ........................................................................................................... 4-4
4.5 .......................................................................................................... 4-6
4.6 ................................................................................................... 4-10
4.7 MEDICO .............................................................................................................................. 4-10
4.8 ...................................................................................... 4-11
5.
5.1 SAR ............................................................................................................ 5-1
5.2 ............................................................................................................. 5-2
iii

5.3 ................................................................................................................................. 5-5


5.4 ........................................................................................................................................ 5-9
5.5 ............................................................................................................. 5-13
5.6 ........................................................................................................................... 5-13
5.7 ......................................................... 5-15
6.
6.1 ............................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 ........................................................................................................ 6-2
6.3 ............................................................................. 6-3
6.4 ............................................................... 6-3
6.5 .......................................................................................... 6-5
6.6 - .......................................................... 6-8
6.7 ....................................................................................................... 6-9
6.8 .......................................................................................................................... 6-9
A. , - .
B. .
C. SAR.
D. .
E. .
F.
,
.
(CMSS)
.
G. .
H. .
I. .
J. SAR.
. SAR

.
L. SAR
SAR.
. .
N. RCC TMAS
.

iv

, 2008 , 1 2009 .



(SAR)
,
(SOLAS).
,
SAR. SAR,
SAR .
SAR SAR
, ,
SAR.
" " ( I) SAR,
SAR
SAR;
" " ( II) ,
SAR;
" " ( III) ,
, ,
, SAR
.


1 SAR, ,
SAR, , . SAR
, .
2 SAR. ,
, ,
.
3 ,
SAR.
, .
4 SAR
SAR.
5 SAR.
6
, .

.
,
2001 ( 1 2002 ), 2002
( 1 2003 ), 2003 (
1 2004 ), 2004 (
1 2005 ), 2005 ( 1
2006 ), 2006 ( 1 2007 )
2007 ( 1 2008 ).
2008 ,
- 2008 , 1 2009 .
/
2007
(COMSAR) 2008 .
, 2009 I .

v

....................................... AFTN ....................

.............................
AIP ..........
....
AIS ...........
...........
AMS ........................
....................................................
AMS(R)S ........
...................................................... ()
.................................................................. AMSS .............
......................
ARCC ............
...........................
ARSC ............
..............

..... ATN .........................


GMDSS CES ..................................
.................................................................. CRS .....................................
....................... C/S ................................................................

CW .............................................
................................................................
DF .....................................................
. ..................................................
DME .............................
.................
DRU ..................................
........... - -

DSC ........................
.................
ELT .......................
........................................
EPIRB ...................................
...............................
............ GES ....................................
............................ GMDSS .......................
..........................

..............................
GNSS ...............................
...........................................................
................... GPS ......................

...................................................... ILS ..............................
................... IMSO ........
........................................

.............................. INS ...............

............................................. JRCC ............. ( )



ACO ....................................................

AES ............................. LES .................................

AFN ..................... LUT .......................

vii

MCC ............................. RTG .................................................


MMSI ..................... SAR ..................................................

SART .........
MRCC ....................

SC .................................................... SAR
MR ............................ -
SCC .......................... SAR

MRSC .................... SDP ....................................... SAR


SES .......................................
MRU ............................ SITREP .....................................
MSI ................. SMC ................. -

NBDP ...................... SOLAS ..........

NOTAM ................................. SPOC ................................................. SAR
OSC .................... SRR .....................................

SRS ...............................
OSV ...............................
SRU ........................ -
PLB .......................
TLX .....................................................................
PRU ..................
TMAS
RANP ..................
UIR .................
RCC ...... USAR ...........
RSC ...... UTC .................
VOR ..................... -

viii

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

,
.
.

(ELT) .
, ,
(EPIRB) , -


.
(CES) , -

.
,
(RSC)

.
. -
RSC, ,
;
ARSC MRSC.
,
, , ,
(GMDSS)
.
,
(GPS) -
.

(PLB) .
,


.
,
.
,
.
() ,
SAR
-
.
, -
(OSC) .
(SC) ,

SAR
.

ix

- ,
(SMC)

,
(RCC) -
-
.
. RCC
,
; ARCC MRCC
.
.
, RCC
SAR (UNSAR)
SAR
.
,
, ,
, .
, ,
,
,
.
, ,


, , -
.
(SRS) ,

.
, , ,
,

, .
- , -
(SRU) ,
- .
- , ,
- .
- , ,
, ,
,

,
,
.
- , -
,
- .

,
,
,
.
,
(SDP) ,
- ,

,
(,
).

(SPOC) ,
-
,
.
(DF) .
(SRR) ,
,
- .
,
()
, ,
, .
- ,
, 121,5 406 .
,
,

.
,
(JRCC) , ,
.
, ,

.
,
, .
,
, ,
,
.
,

.
,

.

.
, ,
(LUT) -,

.

xi

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

(MCC) -,
()


.
() , -
.
, ,
(DSC)
.
- - ,
(MRO)
, ,
,
, .
Amver
.
NAVAREA 16 ,
-
.
NAVTEX

.
SafetyNET ,
(EGC) ,
-
(MSI)
(GMDSS).

xii
1


1.1
1.1.1
(SAR)
, .
SAR SAR,
() ()
,
, , .
1.1.2 , -

,

.
1.1.3
,
.
SAR ,
,
. , ,
, SAR.
1.1.4 , ,
SAR, :
SAR;
, SAR;
, SAR;
, , SAR;
SAR;
SAR
.
1.1.5 ,
.
( )
( ).

, SAR,
SAR.

1.2
1.2.1 , -
, SAR
, , .
a)
, , , .

, . ,
SAR ,
, " SAR".

1-1
1.

b) SAR
,
. SAR
,
.
c) SAR
, .
;

, , , .
d)
,
,
.

.
e) ,
SAR, SAR.

1.3
1.3.1 (SOLAS),


/ SAR.
1982 . . 2 98
:
" ,
-
, , ,
."
,
-.
1.3.2
SAR SAR
.
SAR .
1.3.3
.
1.3.4 ,
SAR, ,
.
1.3.5 SAR
SAR.
1.3.6
, :
SAR;
;
SAR ;
RCC
.
1.3.7 ,
, ,
.

1-2
1.

1.3.8 .
,
SAR
.
1.3.9 .

1.4
1.4.1 SAR ,
SAR:
,
;
;


.
,
.
1.4.2 2 SAR,
, 4
. 2 5 ,
SAR, , 3
, SAR
.

1.5
1.5.1 SAR . 5
6 :
, ;
;
SAR ;
-
.
1.5.2
SAR .
,
, SAR.
1.5.3 SAR (SC) -
SAR. SC,
SAR
. SC , -
,
( ) SAR.
1.5.4 SAR . ,
SC ,

. ,
,
, SC . ,
SAR,
SC . , SAR
, , ,
SAR.

1-3
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
1.

1.5.5 SC , SAR.

.
1.5.6
.
SAR, 6.
SAR
.
1.5.7 ,
SAR
.
. 5 6.
1.5.8 SAR
, ,
.., ,
.
.
, SAR, ,
,
.
1.5.9
SAR, ,
;
2. , , ,
, SAR, SAR
, .
, SAR ,
SAR .
1.5.10 ,
SAR,
.
SAR (-
SRU).
1.5.11 (RCC)
(SRR) , ,
(RSC)
(SRS). RCC RSC .
SAR 2.
1.5.12 SAR 1-1.


SAR
SAR


. 1-1.

1.6
1.6.1 SAR SAR
, ,
SAR. ,
, SAR
, .

1-4
1.

1.6.2 ,
,
. ,
SAR
, ,
. ,
, ,
.
1.6.3 SAR
,
SAR .
SRR SAR,
, , SRR
.

1.7
1.7.1 SAR ,
. SRR,
,
SAR SRR RCC. SRR RCC,
SRR, RCC
.
. RSC.
SRR 2.
1.7.2
, . ,
,

SAR.
SRU,
, .
.

.
1.7.3 SAR, ,
, . . (
)
.
RSC, SRR . .,
:
SAR;
SRR;
;
, ,
, . .
1.7.4 SAR :
() SAR;

;
RCC RSC;
,
;

1-5
1.

;
, ,
.

1.8 SAR 1949



1.8.1 SAR
1949 ( ,
, , ,
12 1949 ) I .
a) SAR, ,
, .
,
SAR, RCC RSC,
- . SAR

I .
b) XIV ,
.
c)
( )
, .
d) ,
( )
.

1-6
2


2.1 (SAR)
2.1.1 SAR, , ,
.
SAR, , SRR
, SAR SRR.
SRR RCC. SRR
(). SAR
SAR. SAR -
, SAR,
.
2.1.2 SRR , ,
.
SAR SRR.
, , ,
SAR. :
SRR SAR;
RCC SAR;
RSC RCC SRR;
SAR, SRU
, ,
SAR;
,

(OSC),

;
, SAR.

2.2
2.2.1 .
RCC , RCC
SRU ,
. 4
, RCC. SAR
.
,
RCC RSC. ,
, RCC RSC,
. RCC RSC

SAR. . 2-
1 SAR.
2.2.2 SAR :
, , ;
, , SAR
(SMC), OSC SAR
, SAR;

2-1

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.

RCC/RSC

SAR

. 2-1. SAR

(DF) , SRU
, ,
.


2.2.3 ,
RCC RSC.
, ()
(CRS).
,
RCC. 4 .
2.2.4 RCC
, .
RCC RSC
.
, RCC, RSC SRU
.

, ,
. ,
RCC RSC ,
.


2.2.5 SAR,
,
.
, .
a) ,
,
(ELT).
SAR ELT,
121,5 .
b)
(EPIRB), .
EPIRB ,
SAR .
,
4.
2.2.6 ,
SRU.
, SRU
.
2.2.7 SAR SRR
, .
,
. - ,
, ,

2-2
2.

, EPIRB ELT ,
, .

SAR
2.2.8 SAR SAR
SRR, .
RCC RSC
.
SAR, RCC,
, ,
,
. RCC, , -
(SMC) SAR. SMC
OSC SAR
.
2.2.9 RCC RSC ,

.
" "
.
2.2.10 SAR RCC RSC,

RCC RSC. ,
RCC RSC,
.


2.2.11 SRU OSC , .
SMC SRU,
SRU . /
, SAR,
, ,
. SAR,
, SAR.
2.2.12 ,
, , SAR ,
SOLAS, , , ,
, , .
2.2.13 SAR
/ SAR
,
. , RCC
/ - ,
. -
,
. SOLAS
.

2.3
2.3.1 RCC ,
SAR SAR SRR. RCC
, SAR
SRR,
(RANP) SAR . SAR
RCC (ARCC). , -
SAR,
RCC (MRCC). ,
SAR RCC (JRCC),

2-3
2.

, SAR,
RCC.
. RCC
; ARCC MRCC
.
2.3.2 SAR RCC
SAR, SRR. ,
, RCC .
;

. , SRR,
, .
2.3.3
RCC . RSC ( )
RCC , RCC,
, RCC,
.

2.3.4 JRCC
RCC.
.

, , .
:
;
;
;
SAR.
MRCC, ARCC.
SAR , -
MRCC .
, ,
, ARCC, ()
().
2.3.5 JRCC SAR
. JRCC RCC, ,
.


2.3.6 12 ,
, SAR, RCC SRR.
.
RCC RSC " "
.
2.3.7 RCC ,
SRR RANP SAR
. , RCC
. RCC
"" "".
2-2.


SRR, SRS
SRR, SAR

2-4
2.


, SRR (,
, )


, ,
MCC, CES ..
:

RSC


CRS
:
SRU
RCC

SRU





. 2-2. RCC


2.3.8 RCC ,
SRR. RCC
. , , , ,
, ,
RCC.
, SAR, RCC
,
SAR. , , ,
SAR.
, .
SAR
. , RCC
, , ()
(),
. ,
, ,
RCC ,
. RCC
.
2.3.9 , JRCC, ARCC MRCC
.
RCC ,
.
2.3.10 RCC RCC
, .
a) .
, .
,
.
,

2-5

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.


, .
(AFTN)
(AFN)
. , ,
,
. RCC
. , ,
, , ,
, RCC
.
,
. 4
, RCC
RSC.
b) . SMC

. RCC
SAR.
SRR ,
SAR ,
SAR , .
, SRR.
, () ,
.
c) . RCC RSC
,
, .
d) . , RCC,
, :
SAR, , ,
SAR;
, ,
, , ,
;
;
(AIP);
, , ;
.


2.3.11 RCC . ,
, , ,
, RCC .
SAR ,
SAR.
,
.
SAR. SAR SMC
RCC
RCC. RCC ,
,
. ,
,
. RCC
.
, SMC .

2-6
2.

a) RCC. RCC , .
, RCC
, RCC .
RCC
. RCC
, , ,
, RCC,
SAR.
b) RCC. RCC ,
SAR. RCC
, SAR,
.
, , ,
SRR. RCC .
, RCC
,
RCC.
c) SAR (SMC). SAR
SMC, SMC
,
.
RCC SAR,
. SAR
. SMC SAR
, ,
. RCC SMC
,
, . SMC
SRU
. SC, , SAR.
( SMC " "
.)
, SMC,
:
, RCC,
, ;
SAR,
;
(, );
,
, , .

,
2.3.12 SAR.
a) RCC, SMC RCC
, ,
. SAR
. RCC, ,
SAR
.
b) .
,
.
, ,
.
, , ,

2-7
2.

. 3
.


2.3.13 RCC SAR
SRR SRR.
SRR SAR
SAR.
SAR, .
RCC RSC , :
SAR;
, SRR;
;
, .
2.3.14 , SAR
. " "
.


2.3.15 SRR RCC ,
- . RANP SRR
.
SAR , SRR. SRR
SAR SRR
. SRR ,

,
RCC. SRR
SRR / ;
SRR ( SRS).
a) , SRR. SRR

, SRR .
:
;
;
, , SAR;
;
,
.
b) SRR :
, ,

SAR ,
.
, RCC .
, RCC
.
c)
(UIR). UIR SRR .

2-8
2.

, ,
.
, SAR,
" ", , UIR.
,
, SAR,
.
d) , SRR
.
,
.
SAR SAR,

- . SRR ,
, ,
.
, , , .
e) SRR -
. SRR , -
SAR
. SRR
, . ,
SAR,
, .
, RCC SAR .
f) SRR .
SRR ,
SAR.
, , ,
SRR,
, SRR.
, SAR
RANP . SRR
SAR
.

2.4
2.4.1 , RCC
SAR SRR.
RSC SRS.
:
- SRR
RCC SAR;
SRR -
,

;
SAR, ,
.
2.4.2 RCC RSC,
, SAR.
RSC , RCC.
, RSC.
RSC ,
RCC. , , RSC , RCC,
, .

2-9
2.

2.4.3 , SAR, RSC


(ARSC), , SAR, RSC (MRSC).
. RSC
, ;
ARSC MRSC.

2.5 (SAR)
2.5.1 SAR SRU ,
SAR. SRU
,
, . SRU
, . SRU
, ,
:

, , , ,
;
;
;
;
,
;
.
2.5.2 , SRU, .
a) . SRU ,
, SMC, OSC, ,
SRU , . 4
SRU .
b) . SAR ,
,
, .
c) .
SAR
.
.
.

,
.
.
, ,
.

,
,
B.
SAR,
.
d) . SRU , ,
,
SRR, () , , .

2-10
2.

- (SRU)
2.5.3 SRU.
SRU SAR

.
SAR . SRU
SAR, ,
.

SAR
2.5.4 SRU
, ,
.
SAR .


2.5.5 SAR
, , SAR.
SAR ,
.

, ,
,
. ,
SAR
SAR SRU.

2.5.6


. RCC
(TMAS)
. RCC
TMAS.
.
TMAS. RCC

. RCC
TMAS N.

2.6
2.6.1 SAR,
. SMC
OSC, , SRU,
, , ,
OSC. , SAR,
, OSC , SMC
. , OSC
SMC ,
, RCC . OSC
SAR,
,
OSC. OSC.
()
SAR .

2-11

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.

2.6.2 ,
, , ,
.

()
2.6.3 SAR ACO SRU
, .
SRU.
2.6.4 :
, SAR;
;
;
SRU;
;
SMC ;
- .

2.7
2.7.1 (, RCC SRU)
SAR.
. ,
:
, ,
, ,
, ,
SAR (SDP), ,
, ,
, ,
,
(, ), .


2.7.2 SAR ,
, ( ) ,
,
, , .
4 .
. 1.11 II " ".
2.7.3
.
, ,
.
- .
RCC ,
.
,
, .
2.7.4 .
, , ,

2-12
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.

. SAR
SAR, , RCC
. ,
, ,
, , ,
. SAR
SAR (SDP),
.
, . -
, SAR.
, .
, , ,
(MMSI) .
,
RCC, .
2.7.5
SAR. C
SAR.

2-13
3

, ,

3.1
3.1.1 ,
.
SAR SAR.
3.1.2 SAR
, .
.
, , SAR
, , - .
.
SAR,
SAR
SAR .


3.1.3 . SAR
, , ,
,
.
.
3.2.


3.1.4
.
.

. ,
.
.
, ,
,
.


3.1.5
. ,
, , , , ,
.
, .
3.1.6 .
,
. ,
,
.
, , ,
.
( , RCC).
,
.

3-1
3. , ,

.
.
3.1.7 ,
, , , ,
, .
, ,
.
, ,
.
3.1.8 RCC RSC .
RCC .
RCC SAR,
SAR.
. "" ,

. ""

.

3.2


3.2.1 SAR, , SC, SMC OSC.
3.2.2 , , :
RCC RSC;
;
;
;
( ,
, , SAR
, ), . .;
.
3.2.3 , .
,
. , , ,
.
.
SRU.
3.2.4
, , ,
, .
.
.
.
3.2.5 RCC RSC
SAR. , ,

.


3.2.6 .

, .

3-2
3. , ,


.
3.2.7 . RCC
RCC,
, .

.
3.2.8
,
. .
3.2.9
, .
3.2.10 SAR :
, SAR ,
,
SAR;
;
,
.
3.2.11 SAR RCC RSC
. ,
, ,
.
:
; ;
() SAR; ;
; ;
; ;
;
SAR; ;
SRU; ;
; ;
SAR; ;
; ;
/ SRU; SAR;
; SAR;
; ;
SAR; ;
-; ;
; SAR;
; ;
; ; , SAR;
; ;

; ;
; SAR;
;
; ;
; ;
SAR; ;
; ;
; AFN;
SAR; AFTN.

3-3
3. , ,

3.2.12 SAR, ,
:
;
;
;
, .
3.2.13 SAR, ,
, , , ,
;
.


3.2.14 , ,
, .
, ,
.
a) , .
b) ,

.
.
c) ,
.
3.2.15
SAR,
( RCC) (
SRU). ,

.


3.2.16
. , ,
.
,
.
.
,
. ,
, ,
, .
, ,
.


3.2.17 .
a) SAR
. SAR
. RCC
SAR
.
b) ,
SAR .
, () SAR.
,
.

3-4
3. , ,

c) ,
SAR, , , ,
.
3.2.18 , .
3.2.19 .
.
,
.
a) .
, , ,
.
. ,
.
b) . SAR
, . ,
, .
,
,
.
c) . .
.
d) . ,
.
.
.
e) . .
, , , ,
.
.
.
3.2.20 . ,
, SAR. ,
SAR ,
SAR,
SAR. .
().

SAR , .
,
.
a) .
SAR, ,
,
.


. SAR ,
,
.
.
b) .
.

, .


.

3-5
3. , ,

,
, - .
c) .
SAR SAR
.
, ,
. SAR
, SAR,
, .
d) .
SAR.


.

3.3
3.3.1 ,
. , ,

SAR. ,
SAR, .
, .


3.3.2 .
a) .


.
b)
. , ,
SAR.
- .
c)
, SAR.
SAR
, ,
SRU.


3.3.3 .
SAR,
, .
SAR,
.
SAR .
.
:
;
;
;
, .

3-6
3. , ,


3.3.4 , .
, .
,
SAR.
3.3.5 . :
( ) , ( ),
,
.
, .
,
. , ,

, .
3.3.6 . , ,
.
,
SAR.
a) . ,
,
SAR, .
SAR
,

. , SAR ,

.
b)
, ,
.
, .
, .
c) , - ,
, ,
SAR .
d) ,
. SRU .
e) SAR
.
.
, ,
SAR, SAR,
SAR.
f) RCC SAR
.
, , ,
SAR, ,
.
(, ,
) SRR.
g) , " " ,
SAR.
, SAR,
,
, SAR.

3-7
3. , ,

3.3.7 . .
, , ,
. ,
, , ,
, . , ,
,
.
.
, .


3.3.8
() SAR,
.
.

3-8
4

4.1
4.1.1
. SAR, , RCC RSC, SAR
,
. SAR
SAR. ,

, SAR.
4.1.2 , SAR, , ,
,
,
,
.
4.1.3
. D , -
, .
4.1.4 :
4
;
6 ;
II " "
SAR;
III " " ,
.

4.2
4.2.1 ,
, :
SAR;
SAR ;
SAR
.
4.2.2 , SAR,
:
a) .
RCC, ,
. ,
,
RCC .
SAR .
b) . ,
, ,
. ,

, . .

4-1
4.

. RCC

.

, RCC
. ,
SAR, ,

.
, .
.
c) .
, SAR,

.
, ,
. ,
, .
,
,
. ,
SAR, , SAR,
,
SAR , . ,
SAR ,
, . E
, SAR
.
d) , .
, ,
, RCC ,
, ,
RCC (
ELT EPIRB).
,
SAR.
ELT EPIRB ,
, , .
e) . SAR .
, , ,
, - RCC
.
.


. RCC
, , ,
,
RCC.
4.2.3 ,
,
, SAR, ,
( .918 (22)), 10
PANS-ATM ( 4444)
RCC, ,
.
, SRU .
4.2.4 , ,
SAR
, .

4-2
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
4.

4.3 , SAR
,
.

,
4.3.1 ,
.

. , ,
, , .
4.3.2
, SAR. ,
, .
4.3.3 , ,
, , SAR,
, .
SAR .
4.3.4 SAR .
,
.


4.3.5
, , SAR,
SAR .

, . ,
:
,
SAR, ,
, .
, ,
.
4.3.6 ,
SAR .
,
SAR. SAR
, . ,
SAR,
, , .

, .


4.3.7 .
,
;
. ,
, , ,
. SAR
,
.

4-3
4.


4.3.8 .
,
, .
.

. , ,
,
(, -
).


4.3.9
SAR.
.
,
,
, .
:
;
;
,
, , .


4.3.10 . , SAR
, ;
. ,
,
. , ,
. , SAR
( )
, . ,
, ,
.
4.3.11 SAR
,
SAR.
,
, SAR
, . F
,
SAR.

4.4
4.4.1 , , SAR
.
4.4.2 , , ,
, , , , .
SAR,
, .
; ,
, ,
, , .
4.4.3 ,
, G.

4-4
4.

, ,
4.4.4 .
,
, , . ,
,
.
a) ,
,
(ELT).
SAR ELT 121,5
. ,

, 121,5 .
b) ,
(EPIRB)
.
c)
, 2182
(). -
. G
SOLAS.
4.4.5
. SRU ,
,
, , SRU , .
4.4.6 ,
ELT EPIRB, , ,

(GNSS), , (GPS),
.
GPS ,


.

-
4.4.7 , SRU,
.
4.4.8 SRR ,
, ,
, . .
,
, ,
EPIRB ELT -, ,
.
4.4.9 (LOP)
(DF) .
LOP .

SRU.
4.4.10 ,
.
GNSS, GPS ,
.
. GPS
,
;
- .

4-5
4.

4.4.11 SAR
. ,
121,5 (), SAR
.
4.4.12 SAR SRU :
, 3023 , 4125 , 5680 , 121,5 , 123,1
2182 ;
, 9 -
(SART);
, 123,1 (),
SAR
;


.

4.5
4.5.1 , ,

.
SAR, SAR.


4.5.2 " " ,
,
RCC RSC.
, :
(CRS);
(LUT) -
(MCC) ;
(LES) (
(CES) (GES));
();
, ,
.
4.5.3 RCC ,
. -
ELT, EPIRB (PLB).
() ()

. CRS
.
4.5.4 RCC, RSC SAR
.
. ,
, ,
, , .

SAR
4.5.5 SAR , SAR
SRR . ,
SRU SAR,
, ()
10 ,

4-6
4.

.
,
.
SAR
RCC.
4.5.6 RCC RSC ,
.
II " "
.
4.5.7 ,
RCC
. ,
SAR RCC RSC
, , , RCC
RSC; RCC RSC,
.
4.5.8 , RCC RCC
SRR (RANP) SAR ,
SRR, ,
, , SAR (SPOC), "" RCC,
. ., -
SAR
. 121,5 -
SPOC ( ARCC MRCC),
,
, .
4.5.9 RCC RSC
. SAR,
RCC, , ,
, .
4.5.10 ,

, .
4.5.11 ARCC MRCC GES (SES)
, ,
SAR, RCC ..
, RCC LES;
SAR
SafetyNET (. G)
.
SES -C; ,
,
SAR SafetyNET .
4.5.12 (AFTN) (AFN)
ARCC, MRCC MCC -,
.

RCC.
SAR ,
.
4.5.13 ARCC . ARCC
,
.

SAR
4.5.14 ,
.
, ,

4-7
4.

, SAR (SDP).
, ,
SAR ,
SAR ,
.
4.5.15 ELT, EPIRB
,
SAR.
,
RCC .
- ,
RCC , RCC
, .
.
4.5.16
,
SAR. ,

SAR, .
4.5.17 ELT/EPIRB , ,
.
ELT/EPIRB, , ,
, 27 36 ELT EPIRB,
SAR, , ,
.
4.5.18 , ,
SAR,
, :
(
(MMSI), , , EPIRB ELT . .);
;
/ ( 5, 525
25);
, ;
;
* ( );
* .
* .
4.5.19 , .
,
. , , ,
.
,
.
4.5.20 , ELT/EPIRB,
ELT/EPIRB
ELT/EPIRB ,
.
4.5.21 , , ,
, ELT/EPIRB,
SAR.
4.5.22 ELT,
406 / EPIRB,
ELT/EPIRB SAR, , , :

4-8
4.

,
;

SAR , ;
, , ,
,
;
(AIP)
, SAR
ELT/EPIRB;

;
ELT/EPIRB
.

GMDSS
4.5.23 5 IV 1988 SOLAS,
SAR
,
(GMDSS), .
RCC ,
" GMDSS". SAR ,
RCC, ,
.
4.5.24 ,
:
-, - - (DSC);
, SafetyNET, NAVTEX -
(NBDP);
EPIRB, MCC LUT;
RCC SES.

SAR
4.5.25 ;

. SAR
, .
SAR ,

. SAR , :
CRS CES
SAR
, ;
, ,
. ,

.
4.5.26 .
II " " .
, ,
Amver , SAR.
Amver (. D)
, RCC SAR.
RCC.

4-9
4.

4.6
4.6.1 ,
,

RCC RSC. , .
, ,
:
;
;
, ,
RCC RSC;
30 ;
, ,
RCC, ,

;

RCC;
.
4.6.2 , , , , ,
,
, ,
, .
, ,
.
, -
,
.
4.6.3 ,
. , ,

.
, ,

. ,
. SAR

.
4.6.4
- ,
. (PSAP)
.

4.7 MEDICO
4.7.1
,
.
"DH MEDICO". , ,
,

. RCC
(TMAS)
,
.

4-10
, 2007 , 1 2008 .
4.

4.8 , -
4.8.1 /
, ,
.
4.8.2
.
4.8.3 ,
,
.
4.8.4 - ,

.
"RESCUE" , -
.
"AIR CO-ORDINATOR" ().
"SAREX" , /
.

4-11
5


5.1 SAR


5.1.1 SAR
SAR .
SAR ,
,
.
, -
.


5.1.2 , , ,
,
, .
.
; , , ,
.
SRR.
5.1.3 SAR ,
, , .
12 " "

SAR.
5.1.4 SAR
. ,
,
, .


5.1.5 SAR
(, )
SAR .
SAR SAR,
, .
SAR ,

SAR , .
.
a) RCC,
,
, RCC .
b) ,
, ; RCC
,
.
c)
.

5-1
5.

5.1.6
SAR. SAR
,
.


5.1.7 ,
SAR ,
. SAR,
.

SAR,
. H ,
SAR,
, , SAR
.

5.2
5.2.1 ,
SAR. , ,
. . SAR .
,
SAR (SCC), , ,
, ,
, ,
.


5.2.2 SAR :

;
, SAR
;
,
;
, ,
;
;
SCC SAR.
5.2.3 SAR
. .

SAR
5.2.4
SAR.

, ,
, .
,
.
,
SAR.
5.2.5 SAR;
, , , -
.
SAR .

5-2
5.

a) ,
.
b) , ,
, , ,
.
c) .

,
, SAR.
d) SAR,
, :
, ;
SAR
;
SAR
;
SAR;
SAR
RCC.
, SAR
5.2.6 , .

.
5.2.7 , SAR, ,
, ,
, , .
.
, ,
, .
, ,
.
SAR, . ,
SAR, , ,
SAR " ".
5.2.8 ,

:
[X]% , ;
[X]% , .

5.2.9 SAR ( , )
.
, .
SAR.
, , SCC
.
5.2.10 SAR,
SAR, . ,
, ,
,
.
SAR.
SAR
,

5-3
5.

. ,
, -
,
.

SAR
5.2.11 SAR , ,
SAR. SC .
SAR ,
SAR.
SCC, .
5.2.12 SAR , SRR, RCC RSC,
SAR , .
,
, , SAR ,
.
SAR, , .
SAR :
SRR, SRS,
;
, ;
SAR,
;
,
SAR;
,
, SAR;
RCC.
5.2.13 SAR
()
. SAR
.
5.2.14 SAR
. SAR
SAR .
SAR

. ,
. I
SAR.
5.2.15
(RCC)
(), ,

.
5.2.16 SAR ,
,
.
SC, ,

.
SAR.
5.2.17 SAR
,
( ).

5-4
5.

SAR
5.2.18 SAR, 5-1.
SAR SAR (RANP) .

( ) , , SAR
. SAR SAR
RANP SAR.
SAR RCC .
5.2.19 SAR .
SAR
, RCC RSC.
, .

12 SAR

SAR



RANP
SAR SAR
SAR
( ) SAR
SAR
SAR

RCC/RSC

. 5-1. SAR

5.3


5.3.1 SAR: .
, ,
, SAR.
SAR
. SAR :
, SAR

SAR.

RCC RSC
5.3.2 SRR RCC. SRR,
RCC.
RCC RSC
SRR. RSC SAR SRS.
5.3.3 SAR , ,
, SAR.
,
RCC RSC, SAR,
, , , SAR,
SAR.
. SAR

5-5
5.

, .
,
. SAR :
, , ,
, , ,
SAR;
RCC RSC;
, , , SCC;
SAR SAR;

SAR, ,
SAR;
,
, SAR,
;
SAR, SAR;

SAR , ;
SAR ;
SAR, SAR SAR;
SAR, -
SAR;
SAR
SAR;
SAR;
SAR;

,
;
,
SAR;
,
SAR;
SAR;

;

SAR ;
SAR;
,
;
SAR
;
SAR RCC
RSC , SAR
SAR.
5.3.4 SAR SCC .
,
SAR SAR. , SCC,
, ,
SAR. SCC SAR,
, SAR.

5-6
5.

5.3.5 RCC RSC SAR.


2 .
5.3.6 SAR SMC, ,
, RCC RSC. ,
, SMC ,
SMC ,
. SMC
RC
, , , .

SMC. SMC
,
,
SAR.
5.3.7 OSC SMC
SAR. OSC
,

. , OSC ,
.
5.3.8 SRU ,
, SAR. 2
, SRU.
5.3.9 ,
RCC RSC. . 4.


5.3.10 SAR
, . SAR
.
a) .
,
. , , , . .
,
.
SAR, , .
b)
SAR, .
,
, .
3.
c) " SAR". SAR
, SAR.
, SAR
, ,
, , ,
-
.
- SAR.
d) , SAR,
SAR. 6
,
.

5-7
5.

5.3.11 ,
SAR; ,
.
a)
SAR.
b) , SAR ,
.
c)
, .
d) , , SAR,
, .
e) ,
.
f) , RCC RSC , ,
, , ,
SAR.
g) ,
,
, , ,
.
h) , ,
,
, ,
, ,
, , ,
.
i) SAR

,

.
j) , , , , . . -
SAR.
k) , SAR (,
) (, ).
l) ,
; ,
, , ,
, ,
SAR .
5.3.12 SAR :
SAR ,
, , , SAR,
;
, SAR ,
, ;
, , ,
, .
5.3.13 , ,
"" "

5-8
5.

". ,
, :
, ;
;
,
;
,
;

;
SRU ,
;
SAR ,
.
5.3.14 :
;
, ,
, ;
SAR
;
SAR ,
.
5.3.15 , SAR.
7 II
SAR ,
.
SAR
SAR, ,
,
.

5.4


5.4.1 SAR ,
.
, SAR
SMC.
5.4.2 SAR
SAR. SC , RCC
SAR, , ,
. SAR
. , ,
.

SC, RCC.
SAR. SCC .
5.4.3 SAR
. SAR
SAR. , ,
SAR, SAR
,
,

5-9
5.

,
. ,
SAR
SAR
.
5.4.4 SAR ,
,
. , ,
SAR. C
, ; :
, ;
, ,
, ;
;
- ;
;
, ;
;
( ,
SAR);
SAR;
;
.


5.4.5 SAR , .
,
SAR .
,
SAR, ,
, .
SAR SCC.
5.4.6
SAR. SAR
.
, ,
;
.
5.4.7 ,
SAR, ,
, RCC .
, , , ,
.
5.4.8 SAR, , , ,
, ,
.

,
SAR, .
, SAR
, , ,
, , SAR

5-10
5.

. ,
, .

,
5.4.9
SAR, 5-2.

SAR
. SAR,
.
.
SAR
SRR RCC.

SAR SRS RSC.
.
.
.
.
SAR

.
. RCC
RCC
SMC
SAR . RCC RSC

.
.

SAR.
OSC
OSC.
SAR.
.
SAR
. SRU
SAR . SAR
.

SAR. -
SAR . ,
.
,
.
, ,
, . .

. 5-2. SAR

5.4.10 SAR
, ,
, , , .

.
5.4.11
.

5-11
5.


.
5.4.12 .
a) . ,
,
.
b) . ,
.
c) .
.
d) . ,
.
e) , . .
.
f) .
;
3 6.
5.4.13 SAR.
a) , ,
.
" ", .
b) " ",
,
, ,
.
c) , ,
,
, SAR.
d) , , ,
,
SAR, .
5.4.14 SAR :
a) . SAR
. ,
SAR.
b) . SAR
-
.
.
c) . , ,
SAR ,
.
d) . SAR
.
SAR ,

.
e) . SAR .
, ,
.

5-12
5.

,
,
, .
5.4.15 SAR
, ,
.
5.4.16
.

5.5
5.5.1 .

. - ,
- . SAR

.
5.5.2 SAR ,
. ,
() .
.

5.6
5.6.1 SAR .
a) ,
SAR
,
, ?
b) SAR ,
, ?
c) , SAR,
,
,
?
d) SAR
?
e) ?
f) SAR
, ,
?
g) , ,
, , ,
?


5.6.2
SAR.
, , ,
.
SAR, ,
SAR, SAR
.

5-13
5.

5.6.3 SAR
:
; , ;
; ;
/; /,
;
; ;
; /.

5.6.4 SAR,
, ,
() SAR. ,
,
, , , ,
.

, .
5.6.5 ,
SAR .
(
).


5.6.6 , SAR ,
, ,
.
5.6.7 SAR
, .
LS
= EFF(L) = ,
LS+LLA

PLP
= EFF(P) = ,
PLP+PL

LS ;
LLA ;
PLP (
, SAR );
PL .
5.6.8 ,
.
.
,
.
5.6.9 , SAR, ;
.
, .
,
SAR ,
, ,
.
SAR.

5-14
5.

5.6.10 , , .
- , ,
,
SAR, .
5.6.11 SAR.
,
,
, .
, .
5.6.12 SAR .
,
, ,
, .
SAR. ,
, ,
.

SAR.
5.6.13 SAR
; ,
.
,
,
, , .
SAR
, .
EFF(L) 100 000
= .
SAR

( 100 000).
,
SAR.
5.6.14 SAR , , ,
, , , ,
, . SAR
- , ,
SAR .

5.7
5.7.1
SAR SAR.
.
,
.
, ,
.
5.7.2 , -
, . SAR
, .
SAR ,
. ,
,
.
5.7.3 ,
, .

5-15
6


6.1

SAR
6.1.1 SAR , ,
. SAR
SAR, ,
SAR, , .
6.1.2 ,
SAR . SAR
SAR.
6.1.3 SAR, , . ,
, , SAR,
.
(
, )
SAR.
, ,
, .
, ,
.


6.1.4 SAR , , ,
, , ;
.
6.1.5 SAR
,
, . SAR,
, :
;
;
, .
6.1.6 SAR, , ,
:
;
;
, ;
.

SAR
6.1.7 SAR, ,
.
a) , .
, ,

.

6-1
6.

b) , .
SAR . ,
, ,
, , ,
,
.
c) . SAR
SAR . , ,
SAR, ;
.
, , .
,
SAR.
d) .

6.2
6.2.1 SAR ,
SAR. , ,
SAR, ,
, () .
SAR.


6.2.2 , ,
. ,
, ,
. ,
, SAR,

. ,
? ,
,
. , ,
.
.


6.2.3 SAR .
,
:

, .
6.2.4 , ,
.
,
,
;
,
, ,
.


6.2.5 , SAR,

. , .
, ,
, , , ,
.

6-2
6.

6.2.6 SAR SAR,


,
.

6.3

6.3.1 , ,
,
SAR SAR.
, .
6.3.2 , (SAR),
, ,
,

. ,
.
: (. . ), (. .
) (. . ).
SAR , ,
,
, SAR,
( )
.
6.3.3 , SAR,
.

,
, .
6.3.4 SAR ,
,
SAR.
SAR
, .
6.3.5 L.

6.4

SAR
6.4.1
SAR ,
. , .
SAR

. SAR
, , , :
;
;
, ;
, ;
, .
6.4.2 SAR , :
SAR,
, SAR
;

6-3
6.

, SAR;

SAR;
.
6.4.3 SAR
SAR (SCC), SAR.
SAR, , ,
. SCC SAR SAR
. ,
, SAR
.
SCC
SAR .
SAR SAR
, :

;

SAR;
, , , . ., :
;
SAR;
SAR;
SAR;
SAR, ,
, , , (
, ,
, , SAR, ,
, ,
, );
, ;
, -
;


SAR;

, -;
,
SAR;
SAR;
,
;

SAR .
6.4.4 SCC SAR
SAR.
SAR. ,
SAR, , .

6-4

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
6.

6.4.5 SAR
.
,
SAR, , . J
, SCC.
SCC, SCC.

SAR
6.4.6 SAR
, :
;
;
SCC;
SAR;
SAR;
, SAR;
SAR ;
;
, , SAR;
JRCC ;
;

SAR;
;
, , , -,
Amver;
SAR ,
, .

6.5
6.5.1 SAR
, , , ,
. SAR ,
,
,
.
6.5.2
SAR, , , ,
. ,
, , ,
, ,
, , 2 () .

.
6.5.3 , ,

, :
,
;
, ,
, -;

6-5
6.

;

;
RCC
SAR;
,
;
, ,
.
6.5.4 SAR SAR
, , :

;

,
,
;

, , ;
, ,
,
;
,
, ,
, ;

, SAR;

, , ,
;

, ;
,
;
;

;
,
, SAR, SAR
, ;
,
, , ,
;
, SAR ,
, , , ,
;
SRR,
;

;

6-6
6.

, ,
SAR SAR;

SAR, ;
;
;

,
RCC.
6.5.5 , SAR
:
RCC , ,
LES, DSC MCC,
;
RCC
RCC
(
AES, )
;
, RCC LES DSC,
, , RCC
, ,
DSC;

, ,
RCC
, ,
RCC.
6.5.6 . SRU
, .
:

(, SAR
, 30 );
SAR

; , ,
,
(, SAR
90 );
SAR;
, ;
SAR ,
,
;
SAR
;
SRU , ;
, SAR
;
SAR ;

6-7
6.

SAR

;
;
SAR
;

.
6.5.7 , ,
,
:

;
,
;
;

;
SAR
;

SAR;

;

.

6.6 -
6.6.1 - (RO) ,
,
, ,
, .
6.6.2 MRO , -
,
. ,
MRO, , ,
, .
MRO .
6.6.3
. ,

,
.

.
6.6.4 MRO .

, SAR.
SAR,
, ,
.
6.6.5 MRO
,

6-8
6.

, , ,
, - ,
- , /
, . . .
,
.
6.6.6 SAR MRO ,
,
. MRO ,
, .
6.6.7 MRO
, SAR.
.

, ,
.
6.6.8 , -
, ,
MRO.

6.7
6.7.1 SAR,
, SAR.
, ,
SAR.
SAR
.
.
6.7.2
.
, , ,
, ,
.

6.8
6.8.1 , ,
SAR SAR.
SAR
.
a) ,
.
b) ,
.
c) , , .
d) ,
, SAR.
e) RCC
, RCC
.

6-9
A

,
-

.
, .

[ ], [ ]

[]

1
- -

1979 12
.
- , ,
.

2
-
.

3
-
.
,
, (, , )
, .

4

- *.
,
,
, , ,
- .

*

.

A-1
. , -

, ,

/ .

5
, - ,
[,
/ ].

6
[ ] [].

[] [ ]

[ ]

[]

A-2
B



1. ,
,
.
2.
,
:
: .
: .
: .
: , , , .
3. ,
. B-1.

B-1
C

SAR
C.1 ,
C.1.1 SAR.
SAR ,
SAR.
,
, .
, SAR, :
a) .
, ,
, .
b) .
.
c) . ,
.
d) . ,
, , , SAR.
, , ,
:
, SAR;
;
, ,
;
;
, .
e) .
, .
f) .
,
. :

, , ,
- .
g) . ,
,
(TMAS).
h) .
, .
i) . ,
.
j) , . .
k) . ,
.
l) . .

C-1

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
. SAR

m) .
,
SAR.

RCC.
n) , ,
. ,
.
SAR :
;
, ,
;
;
;
.
o) . .
p) . .

C.2
C.2.1 SAR. SAR

SAR.
. SAR
RCC, , :
;
;
;
, ;
;
;
;
;
SAR ;
, , -;
.

C.3 -
C.3.1 -
SAR. :

, ;
, ,
SAR;
SAR;
RCC ,
, ;

121,5 .

C-2
. SAR

C.4 ,
C.4.1 ,
.
SAR. ,
, SAR .

C.5
C.5.1 ,

, ,
.
C.5.2 ,
SAR. ,
, .
SMC
,
, , , .
, ,
,
SAR .
SAR RCC,
,
. RCC
, ,
.
:
, ;
( ) , ,
;
, ;
RCC, .

C.6
C.6.1 , , , ,

, SAR.
SAR,
. , , , ,
. SAR ,
, .

C.7
C.7.1 , SAR , ,
, , . ,
, , ,
,
.

C.8
C.8.1 ,
SAR. :
a) ,
. .
b) . .

C-3
. SAR

c) , .
; ,
, ;
.
d) . ,
, .
e) .
, .

C.9
C.9.1 SAR , .
, , ,
, ,
.
,
.

C-4
D


, ,
.
.

International Telecommunication Union Telephone: +41 22 730 51 11


Director, Radiocommunications Bureau Facsimile: +41 22 733 72 56
Place des Nations Email: itumail@itu.ch
1211 Geneva 20
Switzerland

International Civil Aviation Organization Telephone: +1 514 954 8219


External Relations and Public Information Office Facsimile: +1 514 954 6077
Air Traffic Management Section SITATEX: YULCAYA
999 University Street Email: icaohq@icao.int
Montral, Quebec Website: http://www.icao.int
Canada H3C 5H7

International Maritime Organization Telephone: +44 (0)20 7735 7611


Operational Safety Section Facsimile: +44 (0)20 7587 3210
4 Albert Embankment Email: info@imo.org
London SE1 7SR Website: http://www.imo.org
United Kingdom

Inmarsat Customer Care Telephone: +44 (0)20 7728 1000


99 City Road Facsimile: +44 (0)20 7728 1752
London EC1 1AX Email: customer_care@inmarsat.com
United Kingdom Website: http://about.inmarsat.com

CospasSarsat Secretariat Telephone: +1 514 954 6761


700 de la Gauchetire West Email: mail@cospas_sarsat.int
Suite 2450
Montral, Quebec
Canada H3B 5M2

Centro Internazionale Radio-Medico Telephone: +39 0 659233312


Via dellArchitettura, 41 Facsimile: +39 0 65923333
00144 Rome Telex: 612068 CIRM I
Italy Email: telesoccorso@cirm.it

Amver Maritime Relations Telephone: +1 212 668 7762


Commandant (G-OPR-2) Facsimile: +1 212 668 7684
US Coast Guard
2100 Second Street, SW
Washington, DC 20593
USA

D-1
D.

Global Positioning System (GPS) Telephone: +1 703 313 5900


US Coast Guard Navigation Center Facsimile: +1 703 313 5910
7323 Telegraph Road Website:
Alexandria, VA 22310-3998 http://www.navcen.uscg.mil
USA

Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS) Telephone: +7 95 333 8133/333 7200


Coordinated Scientific Information Center Facsimile: +7 95 333 8133
of the Russian Space Forces E-mail: sfcsic@space.ru
P/O Box 14
Moscow
Russia 117279

D-2
E


E.1
E.1.1 , SAR,
,
.
, ,
. , ,
.
E.1.2 ,
,
.
, SAR, ,
SAR, ,
SAR , .
E.1.3 , SAR ,
.
E.1.4 RCC
SAR (UNSAR)

. ,
, , , ,
SAR .

E.2
E.2.1 , SAR
:

;

RCC;
UNSAR;
, :


;
;
;

;
, ,
,

;
, ,
,
, ,
;

E-1
E.

, , ,
;
,
,
;
, ,
,
;

;
, :
,
(
,
);
, , , ,
,
;
,
;
, ,
, ,
;
;
,
;
,
, (
);
,
/ , ,
, ,
;

;
, ELT EPIRB,

, ;
EPIRB ,
;
;
ELT EPIRB
;
:
,

SAR;

;

;

E-2
E.

,
;
:
, , ,
,
;
(), () ,
,
, ;

,
;
, ,
;
,
;
, ELT EPIRB,
SAR, ,
,
, SAR (
,
, SAR
, );
ELT, EPIRB, DSC ,
, ,
, ,
;
ELT EPIRB

;
EPIRB , (EPIRB
,
,
SAR);
EPIRB, ,
,
SAR
EPIRB;
, , EPIRB;
, ELT EPIRB
-
,
, , , ,
;
, , ELT EPIRB ,
;
ELT EPIRB ,
.

E-3
F




,


PSTN . R .
PSDN D .
PSAP
, RCC.
- -
SAR SAR

1 R R
2 R R PSTN

3 R R PSDN

4 R D

5 R D ,
RCC
6 R R
7 RCC RCC
PSAP PSAP;
8 R D RCC PSAP SAR
9a D D < 100
9b R D < 5
10 R D
11 D D SAR
12 D D -

13 D D
SAR
14 D D
15 D D

16 R D
17 R R (
) ,

18 R D

19 D D , , ,
RCC

F-1
F.
,


(CMSS)

, " " " ",
"X" 15 . ,
, .
PSTN .
PSDN .



1. X
/

2. X

3. X

4. X

5. PSTN X X
PSDN

6. X

7. - X
125 (. .

)

8. X

9. X



10. X

11. X

12. X

13. - PSDN
PSTN

14. X

15. X ,
,

F-2
G


G.1
G.1.1 , -
, , ,
SAR.
.
G.1.2 , ,
.

G.2
G.2.1 , ,
() (3000 30 000 ),
() (30 300 ) () (300 3000 ).
G.2.2 (RANP) SAR

SAR.
G.2.3 RANP , , ,
.
G.2.4 10
; ,
. 10 ,
, , RANP.
G.2.5 121,5 ,
.
121,5
ELT ( , ).
123,1 .

G.3
G.3.1 SAR, ,

SAR.
G.3.2 SAR
,
, .
, .
SAR
,
. SAR
.
G.3.3 SAR
SAR
, .
, SAR -
- .
G.3.4 , ,
- ,
, , ,
, ..

G-1
G.

G.3.5
SAR
, ,
.

G.4
G.4.1 ,
, .
G.4.2 ( 300-3000 ),
.
G.4.3 - (3000-30 000 ),
.
G.4.4 156,8 ( 16) ,
- . 156,3 ( 06)
.

G.5
G.5.1 1 1999 , SOLAS,
,

(GMDSS).
GMDSS .
G.5.2 GMDSS SAR,
() 1979 .
,
SAR, , .
G.5.3 SAR .
G.5.4 GMDSS , , ;
, ;
; ,
. ,
,
, SAR,
.
G.5.5 ,
GMDSS. , GMDSS
, SAR
SAR SAR
SAR.
G.5.6 RCC GMDSS SOLAS
. GMDSS
,
( - ), ,
SAR .
, SOLAS, GMDSS
GMDSS GMDSS.
G.5.7 GMDSS
, ,
GMDSS. SAR
, .
16, -
16 , .
G.5.8 , , , ,
;
; GMDSS;
;
. ,

G-2
G.

SAR ,
GMDSS.
G.5.9 , SOLAS,
CRS DSC, NAVTEX .. ,
DSC ,
, .
G.5.10 ,
, , DSC - ,
;

, .

G.6 EPIRB ELT


G.6.1 GMDSS
(EPIRB):
EPIRB, 406 ,
-, (LUT)
(MCC) SAR (SPOC);
EPIRB -E,
-E (CES) RCC -E.
G.6.2 - ELT,
406 , (PLB),
406 .
ELT EPIRB, 121,5 / 243 ,

GMDSS.
G.6.3 EPIRB EPIRB -
, 70. DSC -
EPIRB .
G.6.4 ELT EPIRB 121,5 ;
243 , EPIRB
SART.
G.6.5 ELT EPIRB , ,
.
,

.

G.7
G.7.1 , SOLAS,
- .
G.7.2
, , , , . SES
-C , -
, ,
,
. ,
-A, -B, -M -E (E EPIRB). SES
-
(PSTN)
(PSDN), ,
SES .
G.7.3 , ,
, ,
.

G-3
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
G.

G.7.4
, . ,
,
.
, ,
RCC .
SAR.

( ) SAR ,
.
G.7.5 , .
- ,
,
- , (SMS),
, .
,
SAR RCC RSC,
.

G.8 SafetyNET
G.8.1 MSI.
RCC NAVAREA
, ,
SafetyNET .
G.8.2 NAVTEX,
SafetyNET. SOLAS ,
, NAVTEX, NAVTEX,
518 .
MSI SafetyNET NAVTEX ,
- .
G.8.3 SafetyNET NAVTEX SAR
, ,
. ,

,
, , .

G-4

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
H



1.

1. ?
i) , 1944 .?
ii) , 1979 .?
iii) (SOLAS), 1974 .?
iv) , 1958 .?
v) , 1982 .?
2. ,
(SAR) ,
?
) ,
SAR?
3.
SAR?
4. (, , . .)?
5. SAR ,
?
6.
SAR?
7. (, , . .)?
8. RCC
SAR?
9.
,
(RCC) ?
10.

SR?
11. SAR,
, ,
SAR?
12. - RCC ?
, ?
13. RCC, RSC, SAR
?

H-1

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
H.

2.
14. i). SAR (SRR) SAR
(SRS)?
14. ii) SRR SRS ?
14. iii) (),
SAR ?
15. SRR SRS
?
16. SRR SRS
?
17. - , ,
SRR SRS?
18. RCC (SRR)?
19. RCC RCC ?
20. , SAR
SAR ,
?
21. SAR

, , ,
?
22. RCC RSC ,
SAR?
23. , ,
?
24. , ,
, ?
25. RCC RSC
( , ,
, ,
. .)?
26. RCC RSC ,
?
27. RCC RSC , SAR,
, AMVER, -, ?
28. () RCC SAR
?
29. RCC RSC SAR?
a) , SAR?
30. SAR,
, ;
, .
31. RCC RSC
SAR?
32. SAR
?

H-2

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
H.

3. , ,
33. RCC RSC
SAR ?
34. ?
35. RCC , , RSC
?
36. RCC RSC , :
i) SAR?
ii) , ?
iii) ?
iv) ?
v) ?
vi) ,
, ?
vii) SAR?
37. SAR
SAR?
38.
SAR?
39. ?
40. RCC RSC RCC RSC
?
41. SAR
?
42. RCC?
43. ( )
SAR?
44. SAR
SAR?
45. SAR ?

4.
46. , RCC RCC RSC?
47.
, ?
48. RCC RSC ,
() , SAR?
49. RCC RSC ?
50. RCC
?
51. RCC, ?

H-3

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
H.

52. , ,
, 121,5 ; ,
406 ; EPIRB?
53. , 406 , ?
54. ELT, EPIRB PLB, 406 ?
55. SAR?
56. SAR (SPOC) -
-?
57. SPOC -
ELT, EPIRB (PLB)?
58. RCC RSC
(AFTN) (AFN)
?
59.
(GMDSS) ?
60. RCC RSC
?
61. , SAR, -
, ?
62. , SAR,
?
63. RCC RSC -
?
64.
?
65. SAR ?
66.
:
i) ()?
ii) ()?
iii) -?
iv) -?
v) ?
vi) ?
vii) ?
viii) ?
67. RCC RSC
?

5.
68. :
i) ?
ii) ?

H-4

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
H.

iii) ?
iv) ?
v) ?
vi) ?
vii) SAR,
-?
viii) ?
ix) SAR ?
x) ?
xi) ?
xii) SAR?
xiii) SAR?
xiv) ?
xv) ?
xvi) ?
xvii) , -
(AMVER)?
69. SAR
, 70?
70.
SAR SAR?
71. SAR
?
72. RCC SAR
SRR?
73.
SAR?
74. RCC RSC ,
?
75.
?
76. SAR?

6.
77. ,
, SAR

?
78. RCC , ,
RCC.
?

H-5
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
H.

79. ,
, , SAR,
SAR
?
80.
, SAR?
81. SAR
, ?

H-6

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
I

SAR Agreements

SAR Notes regarding SAR agreements, and the sample
, agreement which begins on the following page:
:
Parties may be organizations within a State, maritime
, / and/or aeronautical SAR authorities of two or more
SAR different States (particularly with neighboring search
( and rescue regions), or higher authorities of two or
) more States, i.e., the sample agreement can be
adapted for local, national, or international use.
,

,
.
Each section of the sample agreement may be
optionally used or adapted as the Parties agree,
bearing in mind consistency with the principles of
international law, and the goals of IMO, ICAO, and the
, States and Organizations concerned.
.
, , It is generally advisable to include specific information,
, such as phone numbers or addresses, in appendices or
, other documents separate from the basic signed
. agreement.

SRR, When SRRs are addressed in the agreements,
SRR , normally only the lines separating the SRRs of the
SRR Parties are described, since other delimitation of the
, - SRRs would normally involve States other than the
. Parties. Agreements between national organizations
may or may not need to address geographic areas of
- responsibility. It should be recognized among the
. Parties that the establishment of SRRs is mainly for
, SRR ensuring the availability of SAR services, and to
SAR facilitate proper distribution of distress alerts to RCCs;
- SRRs should not be viewed as affecting political
RCC; SRR boundaries, and do not need to align with political
boundaries if the Parties so agree for the sake of
, - improving or simplifying SAR operations. SRR
delimitation over international waters is not intended to
SAR. SRR obstruct the provision of SAR services in any way.
Furthermore, the provision of SAR services within an
SAR. , SRR shall be without regard to the nationality or
SAR circumstances of the persons in distress.
SRR
, .

SAR, If agreements discuss territorial entry for SAR,
- provisions should account for a balance of concerns for
. sovereignty and concerns for saving lives.

I-1
I.

, "" The concept of territory is understood to include


, territorial land, airspace, and seas.
.
, SAR It is advisable that SAR agreements address sensitive
issues to the degree necessary for practical SAR co-
, operation between or among the Parties, while
SAR emphasizing the humanitarian nature of SAR, and
, avoiding topics which are unrelated to SAR, or which
SAR , are both politically sensitive and unnecessary.
SAR
, .
[ / ] Agreement on [Aeronautical and/or Maritime] Search
[ ] and Rescue between [name the Parties]

1. 1. INTRODUCTION
Knowing the importance of co-operation in search
(SAR) and rescue (SAR), and of the provision of
SAR; expeditious and effective SAR services;
- Desiring to support the provisions of the
[International Convention on Maritime Search and
() Rescue of the International Maritime Organization
/ (IMO) and/or the Convention on International Civil
- Aviation of the International Civil Aviation
(); Organization (ICAO)]; and
- Seeking to provide an overall plan for SAR co-
SAR, - ordination, use of available resources, mutual
, - assistance, and efforts to improve SAR services;
SAR;
: The Parties have agreed as follows:

2. 2. EXTENT OF ASSISTANCE
The Parties agree to co-operate in the following
: areas:
a) a) Support each other by pooling SAR facilities as
SAR - appropriate for operations within their
- respective search and rescue regions (SRRs);
(SRR);
b) - b) Make, and respond to, requests for operational
assistance between the designated rescue co-
ordination centres (RCCs) or rescue sub-
(RCC) centres (RSCs) of the Parties as capabilities
allow;
(RSC) -

;
c) , - c) Develop procedures and communications
appropriate for co-ordination among facilities of
, - both Parties responding to the same distress
incident, and for co-ordination between the
, - RCCs or RSCs of the Parties;
RCC RSC ;
d) , , , - d) Normally apply the guidance of the [IMO and/or
- ICAO] SAR Manuals regarding SAR operational
SAR - procedures and communications;
SAR;

I-2
I.

e) -
e) Work to establish agreed procedures, which
,
balance concerns for sovereignty and for

saving lives, regarding entry of various types of
,
SAR facilities into the territory of the other
SAR
Party, solely for a search or a rescue operation;

and
;
f) f) Enter into other collaborative SAR efforts which
SAR, : may include:
SAR mutual visits by SAR personnel of the
; Parties;
; joint training or exercises;
, co-operation in development of SAR
, procedures, techniques, equipment, or
SAR; facilities;
exchange of pertinent SAR or
SAR ; communications information; and
establishment of one or more SAR
SAR committees to provide a means for ongoing
co-operation in improving SAR
SAR. effectiveness.

3. 3. SEARCH AND RESCUE REGIONS


SRR Establishment of SRRs is intended only to effect an
, understanding concerning where each Party
accepts primary responsibility for co-ordinating or
- providing SAR services. SRRs of the Parties shall
SAR. SRR be separated by lines connecting points as follows:
, : [appropriate co-ordinate points describing
[ , applicable lines]
]

4. 4. TERMS OF AGREEMENT

: Each Party will:


a) a) Keep information readily available on
SAR availability of any SAR facilities or other
, resources which may be needed for
; implementing this Agreement.
b) b) Keep each other fully and promptly informed of
all SAR operations of mutual interest, or which
SAR, may involve use of facilities of the other Party;
-

;
c) RCC c) Authorize its RCC(s) to request assistance via
RCC the RCC(s) of the other Party, and to provide all
pertinent information on the distress situation
and the scope of assistance needed;
;
d) RCC - d) Authorize its RCC(s) to promptly respond to a
request for assistance from an RCC of the
RCC ; other Party;

I-3
I.

e) RCC - e) Authorize its RCC(s) to promptly arrange, or


- arrange in advance, with other national
- authorities for territorial entry of SAR facilities of
the other Party (including overflight or landing
SAR of SAR aircraft, and similar accommodation of
( surface (land or water) SAR units) as
SAR - circumstances dictate for fuelling, medical, or
- other appropriate and available operational
SAR) support, or in response to a request to the RCC
of the other Party for assistance of those
, facilities which would involve territorial entry;


RCC
,

;
f) , - f) Normally fund its own activities in relation to
this Agreement unless otherwise arranged by
, the Parties in advance, and, in any event, will
, not allow a matter of reimbursement of cost to
, delay response persons in distress.

, .

5. GENERAL PROVISIONS
5.
: This Agreement:
. . . [ shall enter into force . . . [provisions as
]; appropriate].
. . . may be amended . . . [provisions as
[ ]; appropriate]; and
may be terminated or superseded . . .
. . . [ [provisions as appropriate];
].

I-4
J


SAR

SAR.

SAR

[ ]

1. . SAR [ ]
SAR .

2. . SAR [ ]
:
a) ,
SAR ;
b)
SAR;
c) []
, ;
d) SAR [ ]
SAR;
e) SAR;
f)
, , ;
g)
SAR;
h) ,
SAR SAR;
i) SAR
[ ] SAR ,
.

3. . , SAR [
]. :
a)
b)
.

4. :
a) , ,
, .
b) ,

.

J-1

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
J. SAR

c)
.
d) [ ] [
]. , ,
[ ].
. SAR [ ],
[/]
.

J-2



SAR

1.
1.1
SAR
(), ,
,
.

2.
2.1 ,
,
. 12 SAR
SAR (
10 15), 11
SAR.

(RCC)
SAR,
.

3.
3.1 ()

:
1) ,
, SAR
.
2) , ,

,
.

4.
4.1 ,
,
RCC ,
.

-1
.
SAR

4.2 ,
,
- .

5.
5.1
, .
5.2 , , ,
, 12
.

6.
6.1 , ,
, .
6.2 , ,
, ,
. ,
(SRR).
6.3
SAR, RCC .
,
. , ,
, . 9.

7.
7.1 RCC , . SAR
RCC, , ,
, , , ,
.
7.2 , ,
, .

8.
8.1 ,
, ,

.
.
8.2 , ,
,
, .

9.
(. . 9.1 9.2 RCC,
).
9.1
:

-2
.
SAR

)

;
b) SAR
;
) RCC ,
.
9.2 SAR RCC
:
) SAR.
b) , .
) ,
, RCC SAR
.

10.
10.1 ,
, , .

11.
11.1 .

-3
L



SAR SAR


SAR ,
. ,
,
.
. 1 ,
, , , .

. 1.


. SAR
SAR ,
SAR.

L-1
L.
SAR SAR

,
SAR. SAR,
, ?

SAR? ,

, SAR.

, ,
,
.
, SAR,
.
, ,
.

, "
, , ";
. - ,
,
, ,
.

, ,
, ,
, ,
,
/.
(,
, , . .).
SAR , ,
,
(, , " ", ,
. .).

, ,
. : " " ( I), "
" ( II) " " ( III).

.
,
.
,
, , .

L-2
L.
SAR SAR


. 1
,
SAR.





D
, >
< ,
10
F > , 10

1.

, 2,
.
, .

SAR 10 .


1
, -
;

,

;

SAR;
;


2
-

;
, -
SAR/ ;

SAR;

L-3
L.
SAR SAR



;


3


;

SAR;
;

;
,


,
;

(15 );

4 ,



;

(614 );

5
SAR ;

( 14 );

2.


.
,
. ,
, ,

.

L-4
L.
SAR SAR

.
, 3,
. 3

.
, ,
,
.


1 2 3 4 5
A H H E E E

B M H H E E
C L M H H E
D L L M H H
E L L L M H
F L L L L M

3.
( : , , , L )

. SAR
, .
,

SAR. ,
.
SAR
.


, . (, )

. (,
, . .),
SAR.
SAR
. , .

L-5
L.
SAR SAR

,
, .
. ,
, ,

.

L-6

.1
.1.1 ( )

SAR . ,
,


.
.1.2 :
,
, :
1 2. .
12. .
25. .
26. .
28. .
31. .
32. .
68. .
.1.3 , , .
, , ,
:
2. .
3. .
6. .
10. .
11. (
,
).
12. .
13. .
14. .
17. .
.1.4 , -
-

-1
.

, ,
. ,
.
.2
.2.1 1979 , SAR
1979 , -
.
.2.2 SAR
.
.2.3 I-VIII ,
, .
.2.4 , ,
, , :
1. .
2. - .
3. .
4.
.
5. .

-2
N

RCC S



1. -
(RCC)
1.1
1.1.1 1979
,

.
1.1.2 RCC ,
. RCC
. () ( )
() (S).
1.1.3
, S,


RCC .
1.1.4

MSC/Circ. 960.

1.2
1.2.1
1.2.1.1 ,
.
1.2.2.2
1.2.2.1 :
a) ;
b) TMAS;
c) , (MEDEVAC), RCC
.
1.2.3 (TMAS)
1.2.3.1 S :
a)
/ RCC .
b)

, .

N-1

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
N. RCC S

c) -.
d) ,
RCC
.
e) RCC ,
,
.
f) ,
MEDEVAC,

.
g)
, RCC

, .
.
h)
.
i) , ,
. ,
RCC.
j) RCC
, ,
, .
k) RCC .
1.2.4
1.2.4.1 RCC :
a) , ,
S.
b) MEDEVAC MAS
.
c) ( )
, MEDEVAC,
, S.
RCC, ,
.
d) , ,
,
.
e) , TMAS ,
, RCC TMAS
, .
f)
.

2.
2.1
2.1.1 TMAS :
a) ;

N-2
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
N. RCC S

b) ,
.
2.1.2 ,
:
a) ,
b) ,
c) MEDEVAC.
2.1.3 S , :
a) ;
b)
( ,
).
2.1.4 , ,
S , :
a) /
;
b) /
.

2.2
2.2.1 S

.
2.2.2 S
RCC , .
2.2.3 TMAS ,
, :
a) TMAS RCC :
1) ,
2) () ;
3) ;
4) ;
b) RCC .

2.3
2.3.1 , TMAS
, ,
:
2.3.2 TMAS RCC ,
.
2.3.3 RCC .
,
,
.

N-3

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
N. RCC S

2.4 MDVAC
2.4.1 MEDEVAC ,
TMAS .
, (, . .),

. ()
MEDEVAC.
, , TMAS, RCC,
, .
2.4.2 ,
. TMAS
, ,
, ,
.
, (
);
.
2.4.3 , MEDEVAC,
TMAS, RCC
TMAS. RCC
, :
1. ;
2. ;
3. , , ;
4. ;
5. ;
6. / ;
7. .
2.4.4 RCC :
a. TMAS ,
:
a) ;
b) - ,
;
c) ;
d) , MEDEVAC.
b. / (),
.
c. TMAS
.
d. MEDEVAC, -
.
e. TMAS
.
f. MEDEVAC
MEDEVAC .
g. TMAS MEDEVAC
.

N-4

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
N. RCC S

2.4.5 S :
a. RCC:
) ,
;
b) ,
, ;
) , MEDEVAC.
b. ,
MEDEVAC,
, .
c. /
,
,
MEDEVAC
.
d. ,
.
e. MEDEVAC
.
f. RCC ,
, ,
MEDEVAC .

3.
3.1
3.1.1 S
RCC,
. :
a. ,
b. ,
c. ,
d. ( ).
3.1.2 S
.

3.2 S
3.2.1 , ,
. S.
S:
a. ;
b. ,
:
1. (),
2. ,
3. / ,

N-5

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
N. RCC S

4. ,
5. ,
6. RCC.
3.2.2 , ,
S ,
.
3.2.3
.
.
3.2.4
3.2.4.1 (
(SAC)) 32 38,
,
.
1. SAC 32 .
S .
2. SAC 38 ,

( ).
RCC.

3.3 S RCC
3.3.1 S RCC ,
.
S


(
S )

RCC


N-6

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
N. RCC S

3.4 S S
3.4.1 ,
, . ,
,
S,
. ,
, RCC,
SAR (SRR).
SAR
,
S, S, RCC.
, S.
3.4.2
S . (.
MSC/Circ. 1218).
3.4.3 "
" SAR,
:
a. , S
, ;
b. RCC, SR, S
S, RCC;
c. RCC S
, SAR;
d. SAR S
S,
.

3.5
3.5.1
, ,
.
3.5.2 , ,
, :
a. ;
b. RCC;
c. ,
,
.
3.5.3 S
, ,
.
3.5.4 S , , :
a. ;
b. ;
c. , ( );
d. (, , , . ., ).
3.5.5 S , ,
RCC.

N-7

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

. .

6.5, F SAR (. SMC)


(. ELT) SAR (. SCC)

(. EPIRB) (. RCC)
(. AFN) 4.3
(. - 2.2, 4.5, D, G.6
AFTN) (. LOP)
RSC (. RSC) 4.2, E.1

(. SOLAS)
(. Amver)
3.2, 4.2 1.3, 2.3, 5.1, G.5
(. CES) (. )
(. CRS)
(. UIR) (. )
4.3 1.8, 4.2
1.5 D
.3 (. )
6.4 2.2
.6
(MRSC) (. RSC)
(. RSC)
GMDSS 4.5 (MRCC) (. RCC)
1.6, 5.1 4.5
2.2
(. GMDSS) 4.3
(. LES)
(. GNSS) -
(SRU) 2.5
(. ) 1.7, 5.1, G.1, H
RCC 2.3
(.GPS) SAR
4.4, D (. UNSAR)
SAR 5.2 (. )
4.3 2.3, 3.1, 3.2, 5.3
1.8 2.2, 4.5
1.5, 5.4, A 4.2
1.1, 1.6, D 4.3
1.1, 1.6, D F
5.3 5.6, H
D, G.7 6.4, F
6.5 SAR 1.7, 2.3
D 5.2
SAR C SAR 5.2
06 (. 156,3 )
2.3
16 (. 156,8 )
4.4
2.3, 3.1
2.7 G.1
(. SRS)
1.3 - (. SRU)
(. ) - 2.5 ,4.4
2.2, 4.5
(. OSC) SAR (. SDP)

-1

5.6
(. SART) C.4
10 4.5, G.2 2.6
12 2.3, 5.1 AFN 2.3, 4.5
4.3 AFTN 2.3, 4.5
SAR 1.2, 5.3 AMVER 4.5, D
4.2 ARCC (. RCC) 2.3
4.2 ARSC 2.4
(. DF) CES 4.5
(. SRR) CRS 2.2, 4.5
(. ) DF 4.4
(. ) ELT 2.2, 4.4, G.6
2.3, 4.5 EPIRB 2.2, 4.4, G.6
1.3, 1.6, 1.7, 5.1, C.1 GES 4.5
(. RANP) GNSS 4.4
5.4 GMDSS 4.5, G.5
2.1, 2.3 GPS 4.4, D
SAR 5.2 IRCC 2.3
C.4 LES 4.5
2.2, 2.3, 4.1, 6.4, C.2, G.3 LOP 4.4
2.3, 3.1 LUT 4.5
4.5 MCC 4.5
SAR 1.5 MEDICO 4.7
(. TMAS). MRCC 2.3
RCC (. RCC) MRSC 2.4
SAR 1.7, I OSC 2.1, 2.6
5.3 RANP 2.3, G.2
SAR 2.5 RCC 1.5, 1.7, 2.3
5.7 RSC 1.5, 1.7, 2.4, 5.3
SAR 2.4 SafetyNET 4.5, G.8
4.2 SART 4.4
(. LES) SC 1.5
(. LUT) SCC 6.3, J
C.5 SDP 2.7
2.3, 5.4 SES 4.5
6.1 SMC 2.2, 2.3
3.3, 5.3 SOLAS 1.3, G.5
B SRR 1.5, 1.7, 2.3
(. ) SRS 1.5
2.3, 4.5 SRU 1.5
4.4 TMAS 2.5, 4.7, C.1, N
9 4.4 UIR 2.3
121,5 2.2, 4.4, 4.5, G.2 UNSAR E.1, E.2
123,1 4.4, G.2
156,3 G.4
156,8 G.4
2182 4.4
3023 4.4
4125 4.4
500 4.4
5680 4.4

-2
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

Оценить