Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 478

II

2010


II

2010

( 2009 )

/
/, 2010
2010 .

(4 Albert Embankment, London SE1 7SR, United Kingdom)


(999 University Street, Montral, Quebec, Canada H3C 5H7)

, 1999.
, 2006.
, 2007.
, 2008.
, 2010.

ISBN 978-92-9231-739-3

: 9731P2

/ 2010

.

,



.

................................................................................................................................................... ix
...................................................................................................................................................... xvii
1.
1.1 .............................................................................................................. 1-1
1.2 SAR .................................................................................................................... 1-1
1.3 SAR ............................................................................................................................ 1-4
1.4 ................................................. 1-5
1.5 ....................................................................................................................... 1-6
1.6 SAR ............................................................................................................... 1-7
1.7 , ............................................................................. 1-8
1.8 ................................................................................................................... 1-10
1.9 ................................................................................ 1-14
1.10 ....................................................................................................... 1-14
1.11 ....................................................................................................... 1-17
1.12 ............................................................................. 1-19
2.
2.1 ....................................................................................................................... 2-1
2.2 ............................................................................................ 2-1
2.3 .............................................................................................................. 2-3
2.4 ...................................................................................................... 2-3
2.5
............................................................................................................................ 2-3
2.6 EPIRB ELT .............................................................................................................................. 2-5
2.7 .................................................................................................................... 2-7
2.8 ..................................................................... 2-8
2.9 -
................................................................................................................. 2-9
2.10 .................................................................................................................. 2-10
2.11 .......................................................................................................... 2-11
2.12 SAR ............................................................. 2-12
2.13 ................................................................... 2-12
2.14 ............................................................................................. 2-12
2.15 SAR ......................................................................................................... 2-13
2.16 RCC RSC ......................................................................................................... 2-13
2.17 ............................................................................................................... 2-14
2.18 SafetyNET ................................................................................................................ 2-15
2.19 ......................................................................................................................... 2-16
2.20 .................................................................................... 2-17

iii

2.21 ................................................................. 2-17


2.22 ................................................................................... 2-17
2.23 ............................... 2-17
2.24 , ..................................................................................... 2-18
2.25 RCC ............................................................................................................................. 2-19
2.26 SAR .................................................................................... 2-19
2.27 , SAR ................................................................... 2-20
2.28 GMDSS ..................................................................................................... 2-24
2.29 ................................................................................................ 2-24
2.30 ....................................................... 2-24
2.31 RCC SES ...................................... 2-25
2.32 ,
- ......................................................................................... 2-25
3.
3.1 .................................................................................................................... 3-1
3.2 SAR ................................................................................................................................ 3-1
3.3 ................................................................................................................ 3-2
3.4 ....................................................................................... 3-4
3.5 ....................................................................................................... 3-6
3.6 RCC RSC, SAR ................... 3-9
3.7 , RCC SAR ................. 3-12
3.8 , SMC .................................. 3-12
4.
4.1 ....................................................................................................................... 4-1
4.2 ...................................................................................................................... 4-2
4.3 ....................................... 4-3
4.4 ............... 4-6
4.5 ................................... 4-11
4.6 ................................................................................ 4-12
4.7 ................................................................. 4-23
4.8 .......................................... 4-38
5.
5.1 ....................................................................................................................... 5-1
5.2 ....................................................................................................... 5-1
5.3 ............................................................................................................ 5-1
5.4 ................................................................................................................... 5-5
5.5 ...................................................................................................... 5-6
5.6 .................................................................................................... 5-15
5.7 ...................................................................................... 5-18
5.8 ...................................................................................................... 5-21

iv

5.9 ............................................................................................... 5-22


5.10 ............................................ 5-25
5.11 ........................................................................ 5-29
5.12 ............................. 5-31
5.13 ..................................................................................................... 5-32
5.14 .................................................................................................................. 5-33
5.15 ................................................................................................................................ 5-33
5.16 ................................................................................... 5-34
5.17 ............................................................................... 5-35
5.18 .............................................................................................. 5-35
5.19 .................................................................................................. 5-35
5.20 ................................................................................................................ 5-35
6.
6.1 .................................................................................................................... 6-1
6.2 ............................................................ 6-2
6.3 - ......................................... 6-3
6.4 ........................................................... 6-3
6.5 ...................................................................................... 6-5
6.6 ............................................................................................................ 6-5
6.7 .......................................................................... 6-5
6.8 ........................................................................... 6-7
6.9 ......................................................... 6-7
6.10 - ............................................................... 6-8
6.11 ...................................................... 6-8
6.12 .......................................................... 6-9
6.13 , ,
..................................................... 6-10
6.14 .................................................................................................. 6-14
6.15 - ....................................................... 6-15
6.16 ................................................................................. 6-23
6.17 ..................................................................................................... 6-24
6.18 ............................................................................................ 6-25
6.19 .................................................... 6-26
6.20 ..................................................................................... 6-27
7.
7.1 .................................................................................................................... 7-1
7.2 ..................................................................................................... 7-1
7.3 ................................................................................... 7-3
7.4 .......................................................................................... 7-3
7.5 RCC .......................... 7-3

7.6 .......................................................................... 7-3


7.7 .............................................. 7-4
8. SAR
8.1 .................................................................................................................... 8-1
8.2 SAR .................................................................................................................. 8-1
8.3 ................................................................................. 8-1
8.4 .............................................................................. 8-2
8.5 .................................................................................................... 8-3
8.6 ....................................................................................... 8-3
8.7 ............................................................................................................ 8-3
8.8 .............................................................................................................. 8-4
8.9 ............................................................................................................... 8-4

A. .
B. .
C. - : ,
.
D. , .
E. , .
F. .
G. .
H. .
I. SITREP .
J. .
K. .
L. .
M. .
N. .
O. SAR.
P. ,
.
Q. .
R. . TMAS TMAS
.

vi
, 2008 , 1 2009 .



(SAR)
,
(SOLAS).
,
SAR.
SAR, SAR
.
SAR SAR
, ,
SAR.
" " ( I) SAR,
SAR
SAR;
" " ( II) ,
SAR;
" " ( III) ,
,
, ,
SAR .


1 SAR, ,
SAR, , .
SAR , .
2 SAR. ,
,
, .
3 ,
SAR.
, .
4 SAR
SAR.
5 SAR.
6
, .
7 ,
SAR, SAR.
8 SAR.
SAR, ,
SAR, ,
, SAR.
. ,
, , , ,
, RCC .

.
,
2001 ( 1 2002 ),
2002 ( 1 2003 ),

vii

2003 ( 1 2004 ),
2004 ( 1 2005 ),
2005 ( 1 2006 ),
2006 ( 1 2007 )
2007 ( 1 2008 ).
2008 (
2008 , 1 2009 ),
2009 (
2009 , 1 2010 ).
/
2007
(COMSAR) 2008
2009 , .

viii

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . GMDSS
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
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. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search area
ACO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aircraft co-ordinator
AES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical earth station

ix

AFN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical fixed network
AFTN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical fixed telecommunications network
AIP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Aeronautical Information Publication
AIS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical information services
AMS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical mobile service
AMS(R)S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ()
aeronautical mobile satellite (route) service
AMSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical mobile satellite service
Amver . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Automated Mutual-assistance Vessel Rescue
ARCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical rescue co-ordination centre
ARSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical rescue sub-centre
ASW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
average surface wind
ASWe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
average surface wind error
ASWDVe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , ASWe
drift velocity error due to ASWe
ATN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
aeronautical telecommunications network
C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
coverage factor
C/C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
cabin cruiser
CES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
coast earth station
CIRM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Centro Internazionale Radio-Medico
CRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
coast radio station
C/S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
call sign
CS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
creeping line search
CSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
creeping line search co-ordinated
CSP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
commence search point
CW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
continuous wave
D.......................................................................... /
total drift
De . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . /
total drift error

DD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ( )
(leeway) divergence distance
DF . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
direction finding
DMB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
datum marker buoy
DME . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
distance measuring equipment
DRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
desert rescue unit
DSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
digital selective calling
DVe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total drift velocity error
E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total probable error of position
EGC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
enhanced group calling
ELR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
extra-long-range aircraft
ELT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
emergency locator transmitter
ENID . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
enhanced identity
EPIRB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
emergency position-indicating radio beacon
ETA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
estimated time of arrival
ETD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
estimated time of departure
F/V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
fishing vessel
FLAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
forward-looking airborne radar
FLIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
forward-looking infrared
fs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
optimal search factor
fv . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search facility velocity correction factor
fw . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
weather correction factor
fz . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
effort factor
GES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ground earth station
GMDSS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Global Maritime Distress Safety System
GNSS ...........................................................................................................
global navigation satellite system
GPS ........................................................................................................
global positioning system

xi

GS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ground speed
gt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
gross tonnage
HEL-H . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
heavy helicopter
HEL-L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
light helicopter
HEL-M . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
medium helicopter
HQ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
headquarters
I/B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
inboard
ICS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
incident command system
ILS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
instrument landing system
IMSO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International Mobile Satellite Organization
INS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
inertial navigation system
INTERCO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
International Code of Signals
IP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
initial position
JRCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ( )
joint (aeronautical and maritime) rescue co-ordination centre
JRSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
joint rescue sub-centre
l .........................................................................
search sub-area length
L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
length
Lb . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
datum base line
LCB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
line of constant bearing
LES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
land earth station
LKP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
last known position
LOP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
line of position
LRG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
long-range aircraft
LSB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
lower side band
LUT . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
local user terminal
LW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
leeway

xii

LWe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
leeway error
M/V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
merchant vessel
MCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
mission control centre
MCW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
modulated carrier wave
MEDEVAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
medical evacuation
MEDICO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ,
medical advice, usually by radio
MMSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
maritime mobile service identity
MRCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
maritime rescue co-ordination centre
MRG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
medium range aircraft
MRSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
maritime rescue sub-centre
MR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
mass rescue operation
MRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
mountain rescue unit
MSI . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
maritime safety information
n .................................................
number of required track spacings
N . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAR
number of SAR facilities
NBDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
narrow band direct printing
NOTAM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ()
notice to airmen
NVG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
night vision goggles
O/B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
outboard
O/S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
on-scene
OS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
contour search
OSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
on-scene co-ordinator
OSV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
offshore supply vessel
P/C . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
pleasure craft
PIW . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
person in water
PLB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
personal locator beacon

xiii

POB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
persons on board
POC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
probability of containment
POD . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
probability of detection
POS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
probability of success
POSc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
cumulative probability of success
PRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
parachute rescue unit
PS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
parallel sweep search
R . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search radius
Ro . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
optimal search radius
RANP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
regional air navigation plan
RB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rescue boat
RC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
river current
RCC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rescue co-ordination centre
RSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rescue sub-centre
RTG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
radio telegraphy
RV . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
rescue vessel
S/S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
steam ship
S/V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sailing vessel
S . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
track spacing
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue
SART . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue transponder
SC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue co-ordinator
SC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sea current
SCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
see current error
SDP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue data provider
SES . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ship earth station

xiv

SITREP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
situation report
SMC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
search and rescue mission co-ordinator
SOA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
speed of advance
SOLAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Safety of Life at Sea
SPOC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . SAR
search and rescue point of contact
SR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
separation ratio
SRG . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
short-range aircraft
SRR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue region
SRS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search and rescue sub-region
SRU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
search and rescue unit
SS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
expanding square search
SU . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search unit
SUBSAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
submarine search and rescue
SURPIC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
surface picture
T . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search time available
T/V . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tank vessel
TAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
true air speed
TC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tidal current
TCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
tidal current error
TCA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
time of closest approach
TELEX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
teletype
TFR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
temporary flight restriction
TLX . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
teletype
TMAS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
telemedical assistance service
TSN . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
trackline search non-return
TSR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
trackline search return

xv
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

TWC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total water current
TWCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total water current error
U . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wind speed
UIR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
upper flight information region
ULR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
ultra-long-range aircraft
USAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
urban search and rescue
USB . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
upper side band
UTC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
co-ordinated universal time
UTM . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
universal transverse mercator grid
v .........................................................................
speed of search object
V ................................................................... SAR
SAR facility ground speed
VLR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
very-long-range aircraft
VOR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
VHF omnidirectional radio range
VS . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
sector search
w . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
search sub-area width
W ................................................................................
sweep width
WC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wind current
WCe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
wind currenr error
Wu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
uncorrected sweep width
X ................................................
initial position error
Y . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
SAR facility position error
Z . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
effort
Za . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
available effort
Zr . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
relative effort
Zrc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
cumulative relative effort
Zta . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
total available effort

xvi

.
Ditching

. ,
Aeronautical position ,

(Da). ,
Aeronautical drift (Da)
. ,
Datum base line , ,
.
,
() ()

(CES). ,
Coast earth station (CES)

,
(FLAR).
Forward-looking airborne radar (FLAR) ,
, ,
. FLAR


,
(DMB).
Datum marker buoy (DMB)
.
Vector , ,

,
( ). ,
Probable error (from statistics) 50 %
(POC). ,
Probability of containment (POC) ,

(POD). ,
Probability of detection (POD) , . POD
, ,

.


(POS).
Probability of success (POS) . POS =
= POC POD.

(WC). ,
Wind current (WC)
. ,
Swell .

xvii

,
(). ,
Visual meteorological conditions ,
(VMC)
""
(T). .
Search endurance (T) 85 %
, 15 % -


,

. -
On-scene endurance
. 1) ,
Possibility area . 2)

, -
,
,
. ,
Sea
,
(TCA).
Time of closest approach (TCA)

(UTC).
Co-ordinated universal time (UTC)
,
(RSC).
Rescue sub-centre (RSC)
.
.
RSC, ,
;
ARSC MRSC
. ,
Secondary swells
/.
Sortie
. (
Hypothermia ) ,
,
(GNSS).
Global Navigation Satellite System
(GNSS)
,
, , ,
(GMDSS).
Global Maritime Distress and Safety
System (GMDSS)
. , , ,
Awareness range ,
,

xviii

. ,
Divergence distance

. ,
Fetch
(SITREP). , OSC SMC
Situation report (SITREP) SMC


,
(LW). ,
Leeway (LW)
. ,
Fix ,
,

.
Personal Locator Beacon (PLB)
. ,
Inmarsat


(S).
Track spacing (S)
. (, , . .),
Sensors (, )
,

(TAS). .
True air speed (TAS) TAS
. (,
Datum line ),


. (,
Datum point )

. , ,
Datum
.
Datum area
. ,
Captain
. ,
Probability map ,

. ,
POC
. ,
Pilot-in-command


xix

. ,
Checksum digit .
,

. ,
Grid
. ,
Aircraft Co-ordinator (ACO) SAR
-

, -
(OSC).
On-scene co-ordinator (OSC)

(SC). ,
Search and rescue co-ordinator (SC)
SAR

- ,
(SMC).
Search and rescue mission .
coordinator (SMC)
,
(RCC). -
Rescue co-ordination centre (RCC) -
.
. RCC
,
; ARCC MRCC
.
(C). (Z)
Coverage factor (C) (A). C = Z/A.
(W)
(S). C = W/S
(SR). (DD)
Separation ratio (SR) ,
,
(E). (SR = DD/E)
(fZ). 1) ,
Effort factor (fZ)
,

(E). fZp= E2. 2)

(E) (L). fZl = E x L.

. ,
Wind-corrected heading ,
.
Course
.
Heading

xx

. , .
Swell face ,
. -

. ,
False alarm

. , ,
False alert ,
,

.
Rhumb line
( ). ,
Wave (or Chop) ,
, ""
.
On-scene
.
Surface position

. ,
Position
. ,
Meteorological visibility , , .
" "
(S). ,
Sea Current (SC) , .
,

. , -
MAYDAY
. ,
Direction of wind
. , . ,
Swell direction ,

, , ,
.
Direction of waves, swell or seas
. ,
Direction of current (Set)
, RCC
SAR (UNSAR).
Unnecessary SAR alert (UNSAR) SAR

. ,
Overdue


xxi

,
(SURPIC). , ,
Surface picture (SURPIC)

. ,
General communications , ,
,
, ,
(Za).
Available datum effort (Za)
. , ,
Search object ,
,

. ,
Positioning
,
(fs).
Optimal search factor (fs)
. (.
)
. .
Optimal search radius
(E)
(fs). Ro = E x fs
. ,
Optimal search plan

. ,
Optimal search area
.
(Zr). (Z),
Relative effort (Zr) .
,
,
. Zr = Z/fz
. ,
Unreported

-. .
PAN-PAN
,

. ,
Primary swell
RCC. RCC, ,
First RCC ,

SAR ,
RCC,

. , SMC,
Search action plan SAR ,
SAR

xxii

. , ,
Search and rescue plan

, , -

. ,
Aircraft glide

. /
Surface drift . "
/"

(WC).
Wind current error (WC)

(LW).
Leeway error (LW)
.
/ (D). /
Drift error (D)

(X). .
Initial position error (X)

SAR.

() () ()

(SC).
See current error (SC)


(Y).
Search facility position error (Y)

(TC).
Tidal current error (TC)
(SRS). ,
Search and rescue sub-region (SRS)

. ,
Search sub-area ,
, ,

. , , ,
Search ,

,
(V). ,
Search speed (V)


xxiii

- ,
(SRU). ,
Search and rescue unit (SRU) -
- . ,
Search and rescue case
, ,
SAR
, ,
-
-
.
Search and rescue co-ordinating
communications
- . , ,
Search and rescue service , ,
,

, -
,
- . , -
Search and rescue facility ,
-
(Z). , ,
Search effort (Z)
, .

(V), (T)
(W). Z = V T W

(LKP). ,
Last known position (LKP)
. ,
Alerting post ,
,

,
(SDP). ,
Search and rescue data provider (SDP) - ,

,
(,
)
(). ,
Visual flight rules (VFR) . ,


,
(). .
Instrument flight rules (IFR)
,
(). ,
Instrument meteorological conditions ,
(IMC)
(TC). ,
Tidal current (TC)

xxiv


(IAS). . IAS
Indicated air speed (IAS)
, ,
SAR. SAR,
Search and rescue incident SAR

(SPOC). ,
Search and rescue point of contact -
(SPOC) ,

(GS).
Ground speed (GS)
. ,
Search radius .
,

(SRR). ,
Search and rescue region (SRR) ,
-
. , ,
Search area .



SAR
. , SAR
Search and rescue airspace
reservation
-. ,
Cospas-Sarsat System , 121,5
406
.
Swell velocity ,
,
Telemedical assistance ,
service (TMAS)

,
(JRCC). , ,
Joint rescue co-ordination centre
(JRCC)

(POS). ,
Cumulative probability of success . POSc POS
(POS)

(Zrc).
Cumulative relative effort (Zrc) .
.
Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 + Zr-3 +...+ Zr-


xxv
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

.
Triage ,
,
- SMC ,
.
Search and rescue briefing officer SAR
SAR
,
. SAR
Search and rescue liaison officer
. , ,
Rescue

. ,
Emergency Phase ,
. ,
Distress Phase , ,
,

. ,
Uncertainty Phase

. ,
Alert Phase

.
Craft

.
(TWCe). ,
Total water current error (TWCe) )
, b)
,
,


(De). .
Total drift error (De) ,
(DVe).
De = DVe t, t /


(DVe). .
Total drift velocity error (DVe) ,

,


(E). .
Total probable error (E) /,


(TWC). ,
Total water current (TWC)

xxvi

,
(Zta). ,
Total available search effort (Zta) ,

.
Co-ordinated search pattern
. , SRU
Search pattern
. ,
Scenario ,
(DR).
Dead reckoning (DR) ,
,

,
(FLIR).
Forward-looking infrared (FLIR) (), ,

, ,
(LUT). -,
Local user terminal (LUT)

(CSP). , SMC,
Commence search point (CSP) SAR

. .
Leeway divergence angle
.
, ,
,

. , 1
Knot (kt)
, NAVTEX
(NBDP).
Narrow Band Direct Printing (NBDP)
(MCC). -,
Mission control centre (MCC) ()



, ,
(DSC).
Digital selective calling (DSC)
(W).
Sweep width (W)

- - ,
(MRO).
Mass Rescue Operation (MRO) , ,
,
,


xxvii

. ,
Initial action stage SAR

. SAR, SAR
Conclusion stage

. SAR,
Operations stage SAR , ,
,
,


. SAR, -
Planning stage
. , SAR
Awareness stage
. SAR.
Search and rescue stage ,
, ,

. ,
Grid cell
Amver

MEDEVAC
MEDICO .

, -

NAVAREA 16 ,
-

NAVTEX


SafetyNET ,
(EGC) ,

(MSI)
(GMDSS)
SarNET RCC

xxviii
1


1.1
SAR
1.1.1 ()
() -
- (SAR) .
,
SAR .
,
SAR ,
SAR.
1.1.2
SAR SAR
, .
(SRR),
(RCC) SAR,
SRR .
SAR
1.1.3 ,
(SOLAS),
,
SAR , ,
, . SAR
.
1.1.4
SAR,
SAR.

.
1.1.5 (RANP) SRR
.
, SRR. SAR
SRR, ,
SRR. SRR ,

,
RCC.

1.2 SAR
1.2.1 SAR , SAR (SC),
SAR (SMC) (OSC).
1.2.2 SAR (SC). SC ,
, SAR ,
, RCC
(RSC), SAR
, SAR
SAR. SC SAR ;
.
SAR
" ".
SC SAR.

1-1
1.

1.2.3 SAR SM, ,


, RCC RSC. ,
, SM ,
SM ,
. SM
RCC
, , , .

SM. SM
,
,
SAR.
(a) SMC SAR , ,
, , RCC
. SMC
. SMC
SAR .
(b) SMC SAR
SAR. SMC
,
, ,
SAR. , RCC,
, .
SMC :
, ;
- ,
;
;
,

, / -
SAR;

, ;
(
), , OSC,
SAR ;
RCC ;
RCC ;
SAR;
, ,
;
, ,
SAR;
;

, , ;
;
RCC ;
SAR ;
;
,
;
.

1-2
1.

1.2.4 (OSC).
SAR
.
(OSC) SMC.
- (SRU), ,
, - ,
OSC. , SAR,
,
OSC , SMC
. , OSC
SMC , OSC
RCC. OSC

SAR,
, OSC. OSC.
OSC SMC OSC
:
SAR
;
SMC;

SMC (
, SMC);
SAR;
;
, ;
SAR;
( );
(SITREP) SMC.
1.2.5 SRU -
, :
;
;
( );
;
( );
( );
;
( ).
1.2.6 ().
.
, ,
.
SMC, , ,
OSC. , , ,
, GNSS ( ),
,
SAR . ,
SMC,
OSC, SMC OSC
,
.
, , , , ,
, .
:

1-3
1.

;
: ;
(, );
;
;
( );
, , (SITREP)
SMC OSC;
OSC;
,
, , -
.
1.3 SAR
1.3.1 SAR , ,
, , .
,
. SAR
, ,
,
RCC. SAR
. SAR
SRU.
1.3.2 SAR
" ".
1.3.3 . ,
RCC,
SAR. , RCC,
.

1.3.4 , ,
SAR.
, ,
.
. SMC
,
" "
(SURPIC), (, ).
,
SAR. RCC
SAR,
, ,
.
RCC ,
,
, .
1.3.5 Amver , SAR,
RCC. RCC
.
SAR;
.

1.3.6 31 1999 , SOLAS,
,

1-4
1.

(GMDSS).
GMDSS
. GMDSS
, SAR,
.
1.3.7 RCC GMDSS SOLAS
. GMDSS
,
( - ), , SAR
. ,
SOLAS, GMDSS
GMDSS GMDSS.
1.3.8 GMDSS ,
,
GMDSS.
SAR .
16 -, -
16 ,
.

1.3.9 ,
,
() . .
SAR
, ,
,
. , ,
, -
.
,
.
1.3.10 10
-; ,
. RANP
SAR
SAR.
1.3.11 121,5 .
,
,
.
(ELT).
SAR
1.3.12 ,


SAR. SAR (SDP).
SDP , , ,
(), , RCC ,
.

1.4
1.4.1 SMC ,
(MEDICO)
.
1.4.2 MEDICO ,
.
SAR, (TMAS). (
, , ,

1-5

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
1.


, ,
.) ,

. TMAS
(CIRM) , .
2.27. SMC,
,
,
.
1.4.3
,
.
"DH MEDICO". , ,
RCC,
.
1.4.4
SRU;
.
, SMC
, .

, .
, , SAR.
:
, SAR;
, ;
,
;
;

. ,
:
SMC ;
SAR ;
;
;
.

1.5
1.5.1 RCC SRR
SAR SAR.
, -
, .
1.5.2 RCC
(, (AIP)
).
:
SAR SAR;
, SAR;
;
;
;
.

1-6
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
1.

1.5.3
C.

1.6 SAR
1.6.1 SAR .
,
SAR , RCC
. SAR ,
SAR ,
. ,
.
,
.

1.6.2 SAR
, .
,
. SAR ,
, ,
, RCC
, .
1.6.3
. ,
. ,
, RCC .

,
. ,
, ,
, RCC .
1.6.4 , , , ,
(CRS). CRS
SAR. RCC
, , CRS,
, .
1.6.5 RCC .
SAR
( ). 3.

1.6.6 , RCC ,

. RCC
, , RCC,
.
1.6.7
SMC
, .
,
, . :
;
;
.
1.6.8 , ,
.
SAR 3.
RCC, RSC .

1-7
1.

1.6.9 , SMC
SAR, , .
, SAR,
,
. 4.
,
.
, SMC
, .

1.6.10 SAR,
, ,
.
SAR;
, ,
,
. SMC RCC
.
.
, 4
,
.

1.6.11 SAR ,
, .
SMC ,
, SAR, .
RCC
, ,
. 5;
6.

1.6.12 SAR , :
, , , ,
SAR, ;
, , SAR, ,
;
SMC ,
,

.
1.6.13 SAR
, , 8.

1.7 ,
1.7.1 RCC SAR
, , ,
, , , ,
, ,
.. ,
.
,
- .


1.7.2
, RCC, RSC,

1-8
1.

. C
. ,
,
.

. ,
.
.
,

, .
1.7.3 SAR
, .
,
,
. , ,
,
.
SAR
1.7.4 SAR ,
. , , ,
, RCC RSC,
SAR, SMC, OSC
SAR. SAR ,
.
SAR
1.7.5 SAR
. SAR
, RCC, , RCC
.
,
.
, ,

.
1.7.6
.
.
SAR
1.7.7 , SAR,
.

SC. ,
, ,
, ,
. ,
"", SAR. , ,
,
, . ,
, ,
.
SAR
1.7.8 SAR RCC
SAR . ,
SAR, 8. , :
,
,

1-9
1.

,
SAR.

1.8
1.8.1 SAR SAR
.
,
,
.
1.8.2 SAR :
SAR, ,
, , SAR ;
;
,
.
1.8.3 .
, ,
,
.
(a) , ,
,
.
(, RCC).
,
.
,
.
(b) ,
.
.
. "" ,
.
""

.

1.8.4 SAR
SAR. ,
SAR , .
,
. .
(a) .


.
(b)
. , ,
SAR.
- .
(c)
, SAR.
SAR
, ,
SAR.

1-10
1.

1.8.5 .
(a) , ,
.
.
(b) , ,
.
,
.
.
(c) ,
.
.
RCC.
- .
1.8.6 ,
SAR; ,
.
.
(a) , , ,
. ,
, ,
, .
,
. SMC ,
( 4 5 )
. , .
,
. ,
, " "
- .
.
(b) , SMC

. SMC

, . ,
SAR. SAR
.
- ,

.
1.8.7
:
SAR;
SAR;

SAR;
, ;
, ,
.
1.8.8 : ( ) ,
( ), ,

.
, .

1-11
1.

,
. , ,

, .
1.8.9 .
, , ,
. ,
, , ,
, . , , ,
, ,
.
.
, .
1.8.10 RCC SAR
.
, , ,
SAR, ,
.
(, , )
SRR.
1.8.11 6,
- .

RCC RSC
1.8.12 RCC RSC .
SAR.

.
RCC .
RCC
SAR, SAR.
1.8.13 RCC RCC
, ,
SAR. RCC

.
1.8.14 SAR :
:
SAR
;
SAR ;
, SAR, SAR ..;
;
, ,
;
:
;
SAR SAR;
, ;
;
, ;

1-12
1.

;
;
;
;
,
;
SAR;
:
;
:
SAR , ,
;
, ..
SAR.
1.8.15 , RCC RSC SAR
. ,
,
, .

() SAR




SAR
SRU


SAR SAR

SAR

SAR SAR
-
, SAR



- SAR





SAR AFN
AFTN
SAR MEDICO
1.8.16 SAR.
" ".
,
, , .

1-13
1.

1.9
1.9.1 SAR :
SAR, ,

, SAR;
SAR,
;

SAR;
,
SAR,
;
;
,

;
, (,
),
, ,
, , -
.
1.10
1.10.1 SAR
, SAR.
:

SAR;
,
;

SAR.
1.10.2 SAR ,
. , ,
,
RCC. , RCC
,
.
. RCC ,
RCC,
. RCC :
RCC
;
,
,
;
,
SAR
.

1-14
1.

1.10.3 .
(a)
, RCC (
) ,
SAR. - -
,
SAR
. , RCC, , ,
SMC
.
(b) ,
RCC

. -
-. - RCC :
;
;
;
, RCC,
;
RCC " ";

-, -
.
(c) .
,
, . RCC
.
RCC, .
RCC
:
, :
;
,
, ;
SAR (
);

;
;
,
;
,
, ;
, .
(d) , RCC
SAR , ,
:
SAR;
;
() / (
/ );

1-15
1.

/ (
/ );
;
;
, ,
;
( );
, ;

;
;
.
1.10.4 .

.
(a) ,
, .
.
, ,
, .
, .
,
.
(b)
. ,
,
.
. SMC

.
1.10.5 , ,
, .
- (MRO),
6. RCC .
, , -
, ,
RCC . RCC
:
- , ,

;
() ;
-;
;
-;
;
.
1.10.6 , ,
:
(a) RCC , ,
RCC
. , .

1-16
1.

(b) ,
,
,
.
(c) ,
. SAR

.
1.10.7 SMC .

, RCC.
SMC
;
.
SMC ( ) ,
.
SMC ,
.
1.10.8
6, -
.

1.11
1.11.1
.
, ,
.

.
, .

,
, .
,
. 1.11.9.
1.11.2 .
, ,
.
.
:
;
;
,
;
,
, .
1.11.3 , :


1.11.4 .
. ,
,
, .
.

1-17
1.

(a) , , ,
.
, ().
, ,
, .
(b) , , ,
,
,
.
1.11.5 . RCC
SAR , ,
.
1.11.6 .
. ,
, . .
(a) SAR. , ,
, /, ,
SRU SAR, ,
SAR,
, SAR.
(b) . SAR,
,
, -
. ,

,
SAR. SAR
, ,
, ,
.

, . ,
.
1.11.7 . .
, ,
,
(LAN WAN). ,
SAR, , , ..
.
1.11.8 SAR. SAR. -, ,
, SAR,
, . -
, , .
, , , .
(a) . ,
,
.
,
,
.
(b) ,
, .
, , Amver, -
.

1-18
1.

1.11.9 .
,
(SAR) .
,
.
,
,
, ,
.. , ,
, ,
.
, , -
SAR ,
. , SAR ,
;
.

.

1.12
1.12.1 (ICS) ,

. ,
, , . ICS

, ,
. ICS
,
, , ,
. ICS .
(a) ICS :
,
;
,
;

;
;
.
(b) SAR
. ICS SAR
, ,
ICS. ICS SAR.
, SMC, OSC , SMC,
" " ,
SAR, " ",

.
(c) RCC RSC ICS,
.
,
, ,
ICS.
1.12.2 ICS,
6, - .

1-19
2

2.1
2.1.1 SAR,

.
, ,
.
, ,
.
, RCC,
, .
2.1.2 , ,
, , .
SAR .
; ,
, , ,
.
2.1.3
. ,
,
, .
, - ,
. SAR

.
2.1.4 RCC ,
, .
, , (CRS),
(LUT) (MCC)
-, (LES) ,
(), , ,
, , ,
.
-,
, RCC;
RCC.
2.1.5
,
.

2.2
2.2.1 - RCC ,
RCC,
, .
, RCC,
, RCC ,
, RCC, ,
RCC, . .
2.2.2
() (3000 30 000 ), () (30 300 )
() (300 3000 ).

2-1
2.

2.2.3 ,
. SAR,
,
.
; ,
, ,
, . ,
SAR ,
, , 121,5
243 .
2.2.4 SAR ,
. ,
.
SAR
,
() ().
2.2.5
. ,
, ,
.
2.2.6 , , RCC
,
, (DF).
2.2.7 (RANP)
SAR
SAR. (RANP
.)
-
2.2.8 - 121,5 ()
.
:
,
;
,
;

, SAR;
" "
- ;
" " , -
;
-
,
-
;

.
2.2.9 -
() , SAR,
-,
123,1 , , 121,5 . ELT
EPIRB 121,5 ,
.

2-2
2.

2.2.10 121,5 ,
.
121,5
ELT ( ).
-
2.2.11 3023, 4125 5680
SAR ,
,
- , , ,
.

2.3
2.3.1
, . 1999 ,
SOLAS, GMDSS (
). G I

, SOLAS.
-
2.3.2 (: 300 3000 ), ,
.
2.3.3 2182 ,
, ,
SAR.
-
2.3.4 -,
.
2182
4125 6215 .
-
2.3.5 156,8 ( 16) -
, . 156,3 ( 06)
.
2.4
2.4.1 , ,
;
.
.
,
.
2.5
2.5.1 1 1999 ,
(SOLAS),
,
(GMDSS).
GMDSS .

2-3
2.

2.5.2 , SOLAS,
RCC ,
.
RCC , ,
.
SAR (SDP); GMDSS
SDP,
RCC SAR.
2.5.3 RCC GMDSS
SOLAS . GMDSS
, (
- ), , SAR
. ,
SOLAS,
SOLAS GMDSS.
2.5.4 GMDSS ,
, :

;
, (
RCC);
:
, ;
SAR;
;
;
;
, ;
( ).
2.5.5 1 1999 SOLAS
(. , SOLAS
2.5.6 2.5.13):
- ( 6, 13 16);
- (DSC)
( 70);
SART;
NAVTEX;
EGC NAVTEX;
- DSC EPIRB .
2.5.6 6 SAR.
13 ,
. 16
, .
70 (DSC)
, , .
2.5.7 DSC , ,
.
,
, ,
. "
". ,

2-4
2.

DSC. DSC
, , DSC ,
,
DSC.
2.5.8 SOLAS, -
DSC, - DSC (2187,5 )
. -
DSC (SES)
/- DSC
(NBDP). (
) /- DSC.
2.5.9 (NBDP) .
2.5.10 (SART)
, 9 ,
- .
SART , 12
,
SART. SART ,
.
2.5.11 NAVTEX NBDP
, NAVTEX.
NAVTEX, , 300
. NAVTEX ,
, ,
.
,
.
NAVTEX .
, . NAVTEX
;
.
2.5.12 (EGC)
-C, NAVTEX SafetyNET
(-C SafetyNET ).
SafetyNET SAR,

(MSI). (CES) EGC
FleetNET,
; RCC
, , RCC.
2.5.13 GMDSS ,

; , , , SAR
,
. , SOLAS
16 ,
- 16
, .

2.6 EPIRB ELT


2.6.1 GMDSS
(EPIRB):
EPIRB, 406 ,
-, (LUT)
(MCC) SAR (SPOC) (
SPOC RCC, );

2-5
2.

EPIRB -E,
CES -E RCC -E.
2.6.2 LUT -. MCC ,
, LUT MCC,
SPOC, ,
SAR, , RCC.
2.6.3 - ,
(ELT), 406 ,
(PLB), .
, ELT
EPIRB, 121,5 243 ,
GMDSS.
, 406 , ,
,
. ELT, EPIRB PLB
,
, .
2.6.4 , ,
EPIRB EPIRB,
70.
2.6.5 ELT, EPIRB PLB 121,5 ;
243 , EPIRB
SART.
2.6.6 EPIRB ELT ,
( , EPIRB, ,
). PLB
. PLB
, EPIRB
ELT . ( EPIRB
, , EPIRB, ELT PLB.)
2.6.7 -
, ELT EPIRB
. ,
, ,
, .
ELT EPIRB ,
(GPS).
RCC -.
2.6.8 RCC ,
, ,
( , ELT
EPIRB, 406 , ); ,
121,5 243 , . (
(MID) ,
.)
2.6.9 121,5/243 -
LUT;
LUT;
.
2.6.10 , ELT EPIRB, 406 ,
,
LUT,
LUT.
. , ,
, , ,
,
-, -.

2-6
2.

2.6.11 EPIRB -E
CES RCC. EPIRB
-E, . ,
EPIRB -E, , GPS,

( , ,
, EPIRB ). EPIRB
-E .
. , ,
, , ,
,
-, .
2.6.12 ELT EPIRB , ,
,
. ,
,
.
2.7
2.7.1 ,
, ,
SOLAS, - .
2.7.2 . ,
70
70 , .
(AOR-E).
(POR).
(IOR).
(AOR-W)
2.7.3
. RCC
( ),
.
2.7.4 (SES)
(AES) (LES),
(CES) ,
(GES) .
(NCS),
.
2.7.5 -
, .
,
, .
-
,
, , , .
2.7.6 SES -A B ,
, , , , ,
. SES -C
, ,
, , , EGC,
,
. -C
.
, M
E (E EPIRB).

2-7
2.

2.7.7 , . -
,
,
, (SMS), -
, .
,
SAR RCC
RSC, .

2.8
2.8.1
, ,
SAR. ,
,
; .
2.8.2 -
(), (). SRU,
3023
5680 121,5 123,1 .
2.8.3
.
(a) 2182 . , ,
, 2182 .
2182 , ,
SAR , ,
.
2182 ,

, .
(b) 4125 .
. ,
, (
SOLAS ).
, SAR
,
, 4125 .
(c) 3023 5680 . -
SAR. SAR
, -,
; (
SOLAS) , SAR.
(d) 121,5 . .
SAR
, 121,5 ;
. ,
,
.
(e) 123,1 .
, SAR.
(f) 156,8 . -
( 16), ;
, ,
, ,
, .
SAR
, .

2-8

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.

2.8.4 RCC
.
, ,
, ,
.
, RCC,
, ,
.
2.8.5 , , RCC
, ()
4125 , , 3023 .
4125 , ,
3023 .
2.8.6
, .

2.9 -
2.9.1
121,5 , ,

.
2.9.2 () 406
ELT, EPIRB PLB. L EPIRB
-E.
2.9.3 2182 , 121,5 156,8 -
.
2.9.4 , ,
, ELT, 121,5 ,
. SAR

. ELT
243 .
ELT 406 ,
. ELT,
406 ,
, SAR
ELT, .
ELT, 406 ( -),
, ELT,
121,5 243 .
2.9.5 , ,
300 ,
9 , ,
.
2.9.6 , ,
300 -
- ,
500 .
156174 , 16
. DSC
: 2187,5 , 8414,5 - 70.
2.9.7 EPIRB ,
: 406, 243 121,5 L-.
EPIRB
SAR. ,
,
( 406 ).

2-9
2.

EPIRB ELT 121,5/243


, .

2.10
2.10.1
, ,
-
. ,
,
SAR ,
. ,
SAR
,
:
-
MAYDAY SAR,
, ,
,
;
,
;

,
; ,

, ( 1015 );
- ,
;

,
;
, ,

(, - );
-
,
;
,
, -
.
2.10.2 , , SAR
:
;
;
, ;
;
.
2.10.3
.
,
.
( ,

2-10
2.

-
.)
2.10.4
,
:

;
,
, GNSS,
, ,

, ( ),
(
, ), ,
;
() () ,
( ),
, .
(
).
2.10.5 SAR (. .
, - . .)
SRR , , ,
. 2.10.4, ,
, (,
GNSS).
,
SAR
SAR ,
, .
2.10.6

(, "1-1-2", "9-1-1", "9-9-9")
SAR (, "1-6-1-6" "1-5-3-0"
), - SAR
,
, .

2.11
2.11.1 .
2.11.2
,
,
,
, ,
. :
,
;
,

, .
2.11.3 ,

,
, .
,

2-11
2.

,
( 1.12).

2.12 SAR
2.12.1 , ,
- , RCC
, , ,
, ,
.
2.12.2
DSC,
MSI (NAVTEX, SafetyNET ..) .
16 2182 ; 1 1999

.
2.12.3 , , SAR,
,
.

2.13
2.13.1
; (MMSI); 7- 9-
EPIRB . -
,
( 0 1, ). ELT EPIRB
(MID)
, MMSI ( EPIRB),
. EPIRB (121,5 243 ) .
,
SAR,
,
.
2.13.2 MMSI ,
, . MMSI
, MID, ,
. MID ,
.
,
DSC.

2.14
2.14.1 , SAR,
,
. ,
, , , ,
" ".
, , .
, , .
2.14.2 , SAR ,
.
2.14.3 SAR ,
;
,

2-12
2.

,
,
.. .
-

SAR (UNSAR) .

2.15 SAR
2.15.1 -
,
.

SAR (SDP).
, , ,
() SAR

SAR.
2.15.2 , ,

. .
2.15.3 SAR ,
. RCC
LES
.
2.15.4 EPIRB ELT, 406 ,
, ,
RCC ,
. -, ,
.
2.15.5 , MMSI, ,
, ;
(TIES)
.
,
MMSI.
(ftp) .
2.15.6 SAR GMDSS ,
,
RANP RCC SPOC.
SDP , RCC RCC
, .

2.16 RCC RSC


2.16.1
RCC SAR,
.
,
, SAR.
2.16.2 RCC RSC ;
RCC MCC -
(AFTN)
(AFN). ,

,

2-13
2.

RCC RSC.
SAR , .
2.16.3 ARCC
() (). ARCC
,
.
2.16.4 SarNET RCC
. RCC ,
SAR, RCC RCC.
, SarNET
- , FleetNET.
2.16.5 SarNET RCC
(EGC) -,
,
"" (LES) ,
. RCC -
, , (ENID),
ENID .
RCC,
,
, ENID.
2.16.6 SarNET :
;

SAR;

RCC;
, RCC
.
2.16.7 SarNET
AOR(E) SarNET MRCC, , -
.

2.17
2.17.1 .
(RTT)
(NBDP).
2.17.2 RCC RSC
. .
2.17.3 , ,
;
MMSI.
;
(
,
)
.
2.17.4 NAVTEX

SAR , SAR.

2-14
2.

2.17.5 (WWNWS)
NAVAREA NAVTEX.

NAVAREA 16 NAVAREA,
2-1.
2.17.6 WWNWS ,
- .
2.17.7 , SAR WWNWS,

. , ,
,
(MSI).

2.18 SafetyNET
2.18.1 MSI.
RCC NAVAREA
, ,
SafetyNET . SafetyNET
, SAR
, .
SafetyNET , SafetyNET,
SES -C,
EGC.
2.18.2 SafetyNET .
,
SafetyNET, SAR.
2.18.3 NAVTEX,
SafetyNET. , SOLAS
, NAVTEX,
NAVTEX, 518 . NAVTEX
MSI SafetyNET.
2.18.4 , SAR
SafetyNET ,
.
2.18.5 ,
SAR,

2-15
2.

I
XIII
IV II
XI XII

VIII XVI
V
VI VII X XIV XV
VI
2-1. NAVAREA
, NAVTEX,
NAVTEX, 518 . NAVTEX
MSI SafetyNET.
2.18.4 , SAR
SafetyNET ,
.
2.18.5 ,
SAR,

, .

Amver .
, , ,
, , ,
,
. SafetyNET ,
SAR,
.
2.19
2.19.1 (WT) ,
500 8364 .
A.
2.19.2 WT XX
- ;
1 1999 SOLAS .
, ,
.
2.19.3 WT, ,
.
2.19.4 500
3 , h+15 h+45, ,
.

2-16
2.

. 12
.
2.20
2.20.1 ,
, , ,
. ., .
, .
2.21
2.21.1 , :
(a) : MAYDAY ( ) ,
;
, ,
" ".
(b) : PAN-PAN ( ) ,

, ;
, .
(c) : SECURITY ( ) ,

.
2.21.2 , ,
. . ,
, ,
.
2.21.3 , ,
MAYDAY.
- ,
, , ,
,
.
2.21.4 , SAR
, A.

2.22
2.22.1 SAR
2182 , 3023 , 4125 , 5680 , 121,5 123,1 SAR
,
, :
SART , 9 , SAR;
, 123,1 /,

SAR SAR ;
SRU,
, ,
.
2.22.2 , SAR RCC RSC,
, , RCC RSC
.

2.23
2.23.1 SAR
,
.

2-17
2.


,
.
2.23.2 SAR.

,
,
.
, , , -A -C.
2.23.3
,
. ,
(LOP),
. SAR
16.
,
SAR.
2.23.4 ,
. (GNSS),
, (GPS),
.
.
10
. ,
GNSS,
100 .
2.23.5 ,
GNSS, , ,
, SAR GNSS
.

2.24 ,
2.24.1 ,
,
, SAR, ,
(SMCP) ( .918 (22)),
10 PANS-ATM (
4444) RCC,
, .
, SRU
. () RCC RSC
I.
2.24.2
.
.
2.24.3 , ,
, SAR .. .
,
, , .
.
2.24.4 , , (
), , ,
, , , , .
: ; ;
- ; ;
;

2-18

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.

,
, .
" " " " " "
SAR.
2.24.5 .
,
. .
2.24.6
(SMCP) ( .918 (22))
. SAR
, , ,
,
SAR .
2.24.7 , ,
SAR ,
. RCC

, RCC.
2.24.8 , , ,
, RCC , ,
.
.

.
2.24.9 A ; ,

(RCC ).
2.24.10 - " "
A.

2.25 RCC
2.25.1 " RCC" , , MRCC,
,
, RCC,
. 3.6
.
2.25.2 , MRCC -,
MRCC, RCC
,
. , SAR
RCC, ,
RCC, , " RCC".

2.26 SAR
2.26.1 SAR ,
: ,
, ,
. , ,
,
.
2.26.2 SMC SAR ,
OSC SAR
RCC SAR.
OSC SAR SMC.
.

2-19
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.

2.26.3 OSC
. SAR
OSC .
,
. SRU
,
, .

2.27 , SAR
2.27.1 , SAR,
(SITREP), , ,
,
SAR. ,
, -
. RCC

.

, RCC
2.27.2 , , RCC
;
, . ,
B, RCC
-C, -E DSC.
, RCC -
2.27.3 , RCC
MCC - MCC RCC.
B.
2.27.4

SAR.

2.27.5 OSC (SITREP)
SMC , , SITREP
SMC, . SMC SITREP,
, RCC RSC,
. ,
, SITREP
, .
2.27.6 SITREP
. SITREP
SAR
SAR ,
.
2.27.7 SITREP
, SAR,
.
SITREP .
.
SITREP " ",
, .
SITREP.
2.27.8 SITREP ,
,
I; RCC. SITREP,
, .

2-20
2.

2.27.9 SITREP :
(a) : " "
SITREP, ,
. . SITREP
. OSC
OSC SITREP.
(b) : , , ,
, . SITREP

.
(c) : , ,
.
, , ,
, .
(d) : , ,
, .
(e) : SITREP
,
.
2.27.10 SMC
, .
.


2.27.11 , 5.13,
OSC SAR,
. .
L.
2.27.12 ,
, ,
, - ,
, SAR,
.
2.27.13 () ,
SAR .
2.27.14 :
, , ,
,
.
2.27.15 . "
", , SAR, , ,
6 .
.
2.27.16 :
(a) : , ;
(POB); ,
- ; ;
SAR, .
(b) () : , ,
, .
(c) : , SAR,
, , ,
.

2-21
2.

(d) : SMC OSC;


SAR ;
; OSC, ,
; ;
; ;
SAR
; SAR
; ,
SAR.
(e) : ,
; SAR,
.
(f) : OSC
, SITREP
; ,
, , ,
, () () () .

2.27.17 SMC
. OSC SAR,
, .
, , .
(a) : ; , ;
; - ;
; SAR,
.
(b) :

, SAR.
(c) : SAR,
, SAR; , ;

SAR SMC.
(d) : SMC OSC; SAR
;
SAR; SAR
; ;
, SAR.
(e) :
; ,
;
.
(f) : OSC,
SMC; SAR.
2.27.18 , L,
,
.


2.27.19 SMC ,
, .
,
.
3.5 .

2-22
2.

MEDICO
2.27.20
,
. "DH MEDICO". -
, , RCC, ,
.
2.27.21 SAR
-
, SAR -
, SAR, -
, .
2.27.22 SAR, TMAS. (-
, -

, , -
. , ,
, , .)
2.27.23 ,
-
. , , TMAS -
(CIRM) , .
2.27.24
. ,
,
, .
2.27.25 , ,
TMAS .
, , , , .
2.27.26 TMAS
,
.
, , .
2.27.27 . -
,
.
.
, ,
. ( -
) -
.
2.2.7.28 ,
, .
TMAS,
.
, MRCC,
.
2.27.29 C
, TMAS,
, TMAS, MRCC.
, -
TMAS.
TMAS " . TMAS". . R.
2.27.30 TMAS
, .

2-23

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.

(SAC) 32
38 MEDVAC.
(LES) SAC 32 TMAS, SAC 38
RCC. ( -).

2.28 GMDSS
2.28.1 5 IV 1988 SOLAS
,
,
GMDSS. RCC
; GMDSS.
2.28.2
RCC, , .
2.28.3 GMDSS : -, - -
DSC; , SafetyNET, NAVTEX -NBDP;
EPIRB, MCC LUT; RCC SES.
, ,
, .

2.29
2.29.1 ,
,

RCC RSC. ,
.
2.29.2 , , , , ,
,
, , :
, ,
, ,
. ,
RCC -
, .
2.29.3 -
,
.

2.30
2.30.1 SAR

.
.
2.30.2
,
, .
2.30.3 ,
, .
SAR ,
, :

, , GMDSS,
SAR, ;
,
SAR,
,

2-24

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
2.


;
,
GMDSS, GMDSS,
,
;
,
, ,
, ,
GMDSS , ,
,
;

, ,
;

,
, ,
, MSI,
,
;
SAR
GMDSS SAR,
DSC
, .

2.31 RCC SES


2.31.1 -
(SES) . SES -
(
3). (CES)
SES RCC, , -
RCC
.
SES , CES RCC -
. RCC CES -
, SES , RCC, CES
, SES.
2.31.2 SES ,
: +44 171 728 1021 :
+44 171 728 1616 .
2.31.3
, SES RCC,
. RCC
CES , SES
.

2.32 , -
2.32.1 /
, ,
.
2.32.2
.
2.32.3 ,
,
.

2-25
2.

2.32.4 -

.
"RESCUE" ,
-
"AIR CO-ORDINATOR" ()
"SAREX" ,
/

2-26
3



3.1
3.1.1 SAR
,
SAR. ,
,
. SAR
, .
, ,
, , . RCC
RSC ,

SAR :
,
;
,
, .
3.1.2 , , ,
80% 24 , , ,
. ,
,
, ,
, , .
3.1.3 SAR,
SAR,
SAR ( ),
RCC RSC, SAR,
, SMC.

3.2 SAR
3.2.1 SAR .
, , SAR
SAR
.
SAR .
,

. SAR.
(a) .
SAR
.
(b) . ,
SAR .
, SAR,
, , ,
.

3-1
3.

(c) . , ,

.
(d) . SAR ,
, ,
,
.
(e) . SRU , ,
, ,
SAR
.
3.2.2
. -
(, ), .

3.3
3.3.1 ,
. SAR
RCC, RSC
() ,
. SMC
.
SAR
, .

3.3.2 , ,
,
. ,

, .
. ,
,
.
:
(a) 30 ,
,
, , ;
(b) 30
(ETA),
(), , ,
,
, .
:
(a)
;
(b) .

3.3.3 , ,

, .
, - ,
. SRU
SAR , ,
SAR
.
,

3-2
3.

.
SAR ,
SRU
.
, , ,
,
.
, :
(a) ,

;
(b) , ,
5
;
(c) , ,
, ,
,
, ,
, ;
(d) ,
;
(e)
.

3.3.4 , ,
,
.
,

ETA ,
.
, ,
.
, :
(a)
,
;
(b) ,
;
(c) ,
, ;
(d) ,
, ,
, ,
, ;
(e) ELT
.
3.3.5 , :
(a) ,
;
(b)

, ;

3-3
3.

(c) ,
,
.
3.3.6 ,
RCC RSC, .
D,
E
F.

3.4
3.4.1 SAR
SAR. ,
, ;
, ;
.
, ,
SAR, RCC RSC,
, RCC RSC. SRU,
.
3.4.2 , , SAR,
,
. ,
.
, RCC
, .
.
(a) .

. RCC RSC

SAR.
(b) .
-
.
(c) ( ). ,

. ,
, ,
.
3.4.3 .
.
,
. ,
. :
,
;

,
().
3.4.4 , ,
RCC, .
RCC ,
, ,
, ,
. , RCC, (
), .

3-4
3.

, , ;
;
;
, ;
, ,
;
;
;
, ;
(POB);
;
.

MRCC.
, , .
ARCC, ()
(), , ,
.
3.4.5 (CRS). CRS ,
, , ,
SAR. RCC RSC
, , CRS, .
, CRS RCC RSC,
, :
( )
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
POB, ;
.
3.4.6 , .
, .
, ,
, RCC
.
3.4.7 RCC .
(a) RCC ,
,
, , ,
, , , ,
, .
(b)
(. C). RCC,
RSC, , .

3-5
3.

,

. .
,
.
3.4.8
RCC RSC
, , . ,
RCC, , RCC
RCC , .
,
FleetNET -C AFTN .
, -,
SRR.

3.5
3.5.1 , SAR
, , , ,
.
SMC, ,
, SAR
. SAR, , ,
.
.
, ,
, , .

3.5.2 RCC, RSC RCC RSC :
(a) SAR (SMC)
SAR, , .
, RCC RSC SMC.
RCC RSC SMC ,
. (.
" RCC" 3.6 ,
SMC, 3.8.).
(b) ,
.
(c) , ,
, ,
, ,
, .
(d) CRS,
:
(,
, ,
)
, ,
..;
.
(e)

.
(f) .

3-6
3.

(g) ,
NAVTEX SafetyNET

.
3.5.3 :
(a) ,
.
(b) :
( ) ,
, ,
( );
, ,
, ,
,
, ,
, SURPIC, ,
,
, , .
3.5.4 ,
, , , RCC

, , , , ,
, .
,
.

3.5.5 RCC, RSC .
, ,
SAR RCC, ,
SAR , RCC,
,
(. 7.2, ). RCC
RSC , , .
3.5.6 RCC RSC :
(a)
, .
, , SMC
.
(b) ,
.
(c) .
(d) , , ,
, , :
, ,
,
, ,
. (
.);

, ,
.
(e) , CRS
, ,

3-7
3.

, ,
, ,
.
(f) ,
,
,
,
, ,
.
(g) ,
CRS.
(h) ,
.
(i) , ,
, ,
, .
(j)
-
.
(k) CRS,
:
,
;
,
, ;
RCC RSC ,
,
.
3.5.7 , , ,
, RCC
, , ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, ,
. .

, .

3.5.8 , RCC RSC. SAR
SAR
.
, 4.
3.5.9 RCC RSC :
(a)
, .
, , SMC
.
(b) , SAR
.
(c) SAR SAR
, , .

3-8
3.

(d) ,
,
.
, , 4,

.
5.
(e) SAR ( 4 5)
( 6), ,
.
(f) :
CRS , ,
, SAR;
RCC RSC, ,
, SRR
,
( ).
. , CRS RCC,
, RCC
, .
(g) .
(h)
.
(i) ,
.
(j) , ,
CRS , SRU,
, :
,
, - , ELT EPIRB;
;
RCC RSC .
(k)
.
3.5.10 ,
, RCC RSC SAR,
, , ,
, , ,
.
,
SMC , SAR
, .
SAR 8.

3.6 RCC RSC, SAR


3.6.1 , RCC
SAR . , RCC,
, RCC, ,
SRR. RCC RSC
, SRR,
RCC RSC

3-9
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
3.

, RCC RSC
. 3-1
" RCC", .
RCC. RCC
.
,
3.6.2 ,
RCC, RCC
, RCC
RCC.
3.6.3 , ,
SAR RCC RSC, .
3.6.4 RCC RSC ,
SRR, ,
:
(a) RCC,
,
.




RCC







-

RCC


SRR?

-

RCC

-
SRR? ?

3-1. " RCC"


(b) SAR ,
RCC RSC , SRR
.
SAR RCC RSC RCC
RSC.

3-10

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
3.

(c) ,
.

,
3.6.5 , , RCC RSC
SAR RCC,
,
SMC.
3.6.6 RCC RSC, RCC
RSC, , :
(a)
SRR, RCC
RSC, SRR;
(b) ,
SRR, RCC RSC,
SRR,
;
(c)
,
RCC RSC, SRR,
.
RCC RSC
3.6.7 SAR RCC RSC
RCC RSC. RCC
RCC RCC
. RCC ,
RCC .
SAR
. SMC RCC
:
SMC RCC;
SITREP,
.
, RCC
, :
:
(RCC):
(RCC):
1. .
2. .
3. , .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. , ( POD).
8. .

3-11
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
3.

9. / .
10. SAR.
11. SAR (, ).
12. .
13. , SAR,
.

3.7 , RCC SAR


3.7.1 RCC RCC
SAR, RCC :
, ,
, ,
, RCC
. RCC
SAR. RCC,
, .
SMC,
SAR, RCC .

3.8 , SMC
3.8.1 SMC .
,
. SMC
, , , ,
.
SAR,
.


3.8.2 . SAR
SMC ,
.
SMC . ,
.
SMC
, .
.
SMC ,
- , ,
. ,
. SMC
, , ,

,
. ,
. , SMC
:
,
;

.
3.8.3 .
, .
, ,

3-12

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
3.

SAR, . SMC

. ,
. , ,
, . ,
,
,
, .
3.8.4 . SAR SMC
, ,
SAR. .
, ,
, .
.
. , ,
. ,
SAR ,
, , -
.

3.8.5
. SAR
, ,
.
. ,
,
.
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,
SAR,
SRU, .
SAR .
(a) , , ,
, , , ,
- SRU.
(b) , ,
, ,
.
,
. ,
, .
(c)
.
, .
,
.
,
.
, -
.
3.8.6 .

, , , ,
, , , , .

. ,
, .

3-13
3.

(a) ,
.
.
, .
,
33 (92 F).
(b) ,
. N N-13

.
,
. 18 (0 F)
.
(c) 29
(84 F).
19 (66 F). N-14 N
,
30 (86 F) , ,
. N-14
, ,
, ,
, . 95 %

. , ,
: , ,
, ,
. , , : ,
(, ,
). , ,
(, )
(,

). (,
) , ,
210 ( ) , .
(d) , ,
.
, .
42 (107 F),
.
, ; .

.
, .
(e)
. SMC ,

.
3.8.7
SAR. ,
.

. -
SAR.

SAR,
.
, .

3-14
3.

.

SAR.
, ,
. ,
, , -
.
3.8.8 SAR.
,
SAR.
SAR.
(a) ,
, .
, , ,
, .
(b) , .
(c) SAR SMC.

.
, SMC
SAR.
OSC
SAR.
3.8.9 .
, .
, ,
, RCC.
SMC
.
:
(a) .
(b) , , , ,
.
(c) ,
.
(LOP)
. ,
- , ,
, .
(d) ,
LOP, , .
, ,
.
, ,
, .
(e) , -
.
3.8.10 SAR. SAR
.
SMC
SAR. SAR
, , , , ,
SMC OSC,
, .

3-15
3.

, , SAR,
.
,
,
,
.
(a)
, .
, SAR,
SAR.
(b) OSC SAR, ,
,
SMC. OSC ,
;
SAR OSC SMC,
, . SAR
OSC .
3.8.11 . SMC
. SAR
, SRU
. SMC
SRU.
3.8.12 . SMC
, .
, SRU
. SMC
,
. ,
, , ,
, .
, SAR, ,
. SMC
, , .

3-16
4

4.1
4.1.1
.
, K L,
, N.
. , ,
.

, .
, .
, ,
.
, K L,
, .
, , ,
.
4.1.2 :
, ;

;

;

( * (
) ;

(
);
;
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() , , ,
,
.
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, .

*
(
), , .
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4-1
4.

4.1.3 ,
. 5,
, .
4.2
4.2.1 , SAR.

.
.
,
,
. ,
, :
(a) .
, .
,
.
,
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.
, .
, -
RCC
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.
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, , ,
, .
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.
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,
.
.

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.
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,
.
.
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.
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.
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4-2
4.

.
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,
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, 4.6 4.7,
,
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4.2.2 -

. , ,
.
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4.3.1
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,
, (LKP)
,
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,
.
.
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. .
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.
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, , ,
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, .

,
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.

4.3.3
,

4-3
4.

.
,
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.

.
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4.6 4.7.



4.3.4 .

( ).
.
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,
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LKP .

.
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4.3.5) ,
50%.
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,
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).

*
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( -
)
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4-4
4.

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4-1.

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. 4-3 ,
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.

(a) (b)
4-2.

(a)
(b)
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,

4-5
4.

(c) . .
,
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). 4-4
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(a)
(b)
4-4.

(a) (b)

4-5.

()
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.
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4-6
4.

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4.4.2 , , ,
,
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(a) .

,
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.
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.

4.4.3 -
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(TWC).
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,
. .
.

,
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.) ( )
.
.

, ,
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4-7
4.

(b) (TWC) .
:
(1) (SC). .
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.
, .
,
.
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),
.
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.
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.
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.
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.
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TWC .
)
(






(

)



(
)

4-6.


4.4.4 TWC
. ,
. ,
. ,

, TWC
.
(DMB), SRU

.
, . ,
, ,
, .
.
,

4-8
4.

, (
) TWC, ,
. : ,
, ,
. ,
,
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, , .
,
,
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.


4.4.5
, , .
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,
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,
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,
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. ,
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..
,
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.

,
4.4.6 TWC

TWC, 4-7.
().


(,
)


(,
) (,
)
N

TWC
()

(,
)

4-7.

4-9
4.


4.4.7 , , ,
,
:
= .
(a) ,
.


, , 4-8.
:
.
, ""
, , ""
,
.


()


(. )


(. ,
) ()
N


(. ,
)

4-8.
( = )

(b) . ( )
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.


,
.
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.
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4-10
4.

4-9. , , ,

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4.4.8
.
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,
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.
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, .

,
.
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(b) , ,


.
.
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) .
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.

4.5
4.5.1 .
, ,

.
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4-11
4.

, 50%,
(X, .
4.3.5), (De, . 4.4.8)
(Y, .
4.5.2). 4.6 4.7
,
.
4.5.2 (Y).
,
, .
,
N-1 N-3,
. ,
, , , .
4.5.3 (E).

(X),

(De)
(Y).
:

2
E

X
Y
=

+
.
2
o

,
, :
2

2
E

X
Y
=

+
.

4.6
4.6.1 ,
, , .
, (*), ,
.
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.
,
.
() .
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,
,
, .
*. ,
, ,
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,
,
.
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, .
*. ,
,
. ,
POC.

4-12
4.

(W)*.
.
,
, N.
(Z)*. ,
.
(V), (T)
(W). Z = V T W.
(fZ)*. 1) ,
,
(E).
fZp= E2. 2) ,
(E)
(L). fZl = E L.
(Zr)*. (Z),
.
,
. Zr = Z/fZ.
(Zrc)*.
.
. Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 + Zr-3 +...+
+ Zr- .
(fs)*. ,
(E)
. Ro = E fs. (
) ( ,

) . = 2 Ro.
(C)*. (Z)
(A). C = Z/A.
(W) (S). C = W/S.
(POD)*. ,
, . POD
, ,
.
(POS)*.
. POS = POC POD.

- (, ) POS
POS .
(POSc)*.
, ,
. POSc POS .
. ,
.
. ,
.
. ,

- .
. ,
.
. , ,
.
.

4-13
4.

(T). ""
. 85%
, 15%
.
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.
. ,
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.
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.
. .

.

(POC),
.
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.
(S).

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, .
,
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, , . ,
, .
.
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" ,
.
() ,
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.
(a) " " ,
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, ,

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.
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. .)
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4-14
4.

, ,
.
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,
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.
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4.6.4 .
, , , ,
, .
:
, - ;
;
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. , .
,

. , ,
,
.
4.6.5 (POC). ,
, , .
,
(POC = 100%),
().

.
, . , ,
POC .
, ,
. POC,
.
, , ,
. ,
100 %.
POC ,
4.6.11.
4.6.6 . 4-10
,
.
.
,
(E), 50 %.
7,91 %,
POC 57,91 %.

4-15
4.

4-10.
4-11
. ,

M. ,
, 100%. ,
.
, ,
.

4-11.

4-16
4.

4.6.7 (W).
.
.
.
, , .
.
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
, ,
,
. ,

( ), .

,
. , ,
, ,
, .
,
. 4-12 (
)
*
.

100%

90%

80%

70%

60%

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
2 1,8 1,6 1,4 1,2 1 0,8 0,6 0,4 0,2 0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 1,4 1,6 1,8 2

4-12.

(a) .
, .

*
,
.. 1946 Search and Screening,
Pergamon Press, 1980.

4-17
4.

N
, , ,
. ,
,
.
(b) . , ""
( ),
, 6 , 28
(15 . ), 30 / (16 ),
:
(Wu) = 11,5 6,2 .
(fw) = 0,9
W = 11,5 0,9 = 10,4 ,
W = 6,2 . 0,9 = 5,6 . ,

N-4 N-7.
4.6.8 (Z).
. ,
, , ,
, , , , ,
.. ,
. ,
,
.
(a) .
(V), (T )
(W):
Z = V T W.
(Zt), ,
, .
Zt = Zf-1 + Zf-2 + Zf-3 + ... .
(b) .
100 ,
200 , 160 ,
,
,
.

15 %,
. ,
85%
, 0,85 x 5, 4,25 .
, (Z),
, :
Z = 160 4,25 3 = 2040 . . .
.

.
,
.
4.6.9 (fZ).


.
, , .

4-18
4.

(a) .
(E):
fZp = E2.
(b) .
(E)
(L):
fZl = E L.
(c) , . ,
""
.
.
, ,

. ,
4.7.5,
, L
.
. (Zr 10)
(L 5 E)
L,
.

(fZp), (fZl)

, .
,
.
L,
E2. , L E,
fZp, fZl. ,
,
, .
4.6.10 (Zr).


.
:
Zr = Zta / fZ.
4.6.11 (Zrc).

. Zrc
:
Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 + Zr-3 + ...+ Zr- .

, N,
,
. ,


. 4.7.
.
,
,
, .
,
4.7.6.

4-19
4.

4.6.12 (fs).
(E)
. :
R= fs E.
4.7, (
) ( ,
, )
.
4.6.13 (C).
, , .
, ,
.
(a) . (Z),
, (A). :
C = Z/A.
(b) 1. 1000 . . ,
2000 . . ,
1000/2000 ( 0,5).
1000/1000 ( 1,0)
, , .
(c) .

(W) (S). :
C = W/S.
(d) 2.
, 5 ,
3 , 3/5, 0,6.
4.6.14 (POD).
. POD . ,
POD , ,
.
, ,
POD . -
,
(POD) .
, ,
, .
4-13
. POD, N-10,
POD ,
, *.
POD.
POD.
. ,
, . ,

,
.
,
.

*
POD N-10 -
,
, Search and Screening (. 4).

4-20
4.

4-13.
[ : 7 (23 )]

(a) 1.
( 5700 ) 300 6
2,3 .
5,6 , 37
. 2,3 5,6,
POD.
(b) 2. ,
. ,
POD
.
, .
,
. , ,
POD ,
.
. POD
( , POS), POD, POS
(POC)
. POD ,
,
, .
POS POD, POC POS
4.6.15.

4-21
4.

4.6.15 (POS).
. POS .
: , ,
,
. POD ,
. POC ,
.
(POD 100%),
(POC 0%), (POS 0%). ,
(POD 0%),
(POC 100%), (POS 0%).
POD POC , POS . ,
,
; , ,
. ,
POD, POC 100%. POS
. POS
POC POD.
(a) POS POC POD :
POS = POC POD.
(b) . POC 65% (0,65), ,
, , 1, POD
79% (0,79). POS
:
POS = 0,65 0,79 = 0,51, 51%.
POS :
POS = 0,65 0,63 = 0,41, 41%.
4.6.16 POC .

; ,
, . ,
4.6.15, POC 65%.
, , ,
, ,
,
:
POC. = (1 POD) POC..
, POC . POC. = POC.
(a) 1. POC POD, 4.6.15,
POC :
POC. = (1,0 0,79) 0,65 = 0,21 0,65 = 0,14, 14%.
(b) 2. POC
:
POC. = (1,0 0,63) 0,65 = 0,37 0,65 = 0,24, 24%.
(c) 3. , ,
POS 51%. ,
51%,
,
65% . : 65% 51% = 14%,
. , : 65% 41% =
24%.
4.6.17 (POSc). POS
, .
POS . , POS 40%,

4-22
4.

35%, POS 75%. ,



25%. , POS n- :
POSc = POS1 + POS2 + POS3 + ... + POSn,
POSc = 1 ( POC. n- ).
,
, POS POSc.
POSc 100%, POC
0%. POSc ,
, , . ,
, POSc , 4.7.9.
POS
POS ,
N-11, .
POS
POS , N-12,
.

4.7
4.7.1 , , , ,
.
, .
, .

. ,
. :
, , ;
POC ;
, POS;
;
POC ;
POC POS
.
, .
POC POC,
,
.
4.7.2 . , ,


, . ,
,
. , ,
,
, .
, POS.
POS :
;
.
4.7.3 4.7.6

.
4.7.3 .

4-23
4.

, .
POS, POD .
0,5.

, ,
. 1,0 ( 100%),
. 10 x 10 (100 )
POC, 1%.
4.7.4 , .
, ,
.
(X, Y ) ,
4-1 (a). ,
, ,
M.
(a)
:
(1) , (Zr);
(2) (Zrc),
,
;
(3) Zrc ,
N-5 N-6, (fs);
(4)
(E) (fs)
(Ro) ;

(5) , 4-14,
2
, 2 x Ro, 4 x Ro
.
, ,
(C),
(POD) (POSc),
. , ,

, 5.

4-14.

4-24
4.

(b) .
(1) . , ,
( E1)
15 . , (Z1) 1850 . . .
(Zr-1) :
Zr-1 = Z1/E12 = 1850/225 = 8,2.
,
Zrc = Zr-1 = 8,2.

, N-5, (fs) 1,3.
(Ro1)
:
Ro1 = fs-1 E1 =1,3 15 = 19,5 . .
(A1):
A1 = 4 Ro12 = 4 19,52 = 4 380,25 = 1521 . . .
(C1)
:
C1 = Z1/A1 = 1850/1521 = 1,2.
N-10 POD
87%. POS
, N-11, POS (POSc)
68%.
(2) . ,
, (1). ,
, (Z2)
3267 . . ,
(E2) 18 . .
(Zr-2) :
Zr-2 = Z2/E22 = 3267/324 = 10,1.
(Zrc) :
Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 = 8,2 + 10,1 = 18,3.

, N-6, (fs-2)
1,7. (Ro2) :
Ro2 = fs-2 E2 = 1,7 18 = 30,6 . .
(A2):
A2 = 4 Ro22 = 4 30,62 = 4 936,4 = 3745 . . .
(C2)
:
C2 = Z2/ A2 = 3267/3745 = 0,9.
N-10 , POD
74%. POS
, N-11,
(POSc) 87%.
(c) .
M. POC,
, .
,
. 9 (3 x 3) 144 (12 x 12).

4-25
4.

POC,
POS POSc.
,
.
. ,
,
.
,

, ,
.
4.7.5 , .
, ,

.
(X, Y ) ,
4-2 (a).
M.
(a)
, .
(. 4.6.9
),
POS , N,
, .
(b) .
(1) . , ,
(E1) 10 .
, (L) 100 . ,
(Z1) 2100 . . .
(Zr -1) :
Zr-1 = Z1/E12 = 2100/1000 = 2,1.
,
Zrc = Zr-1 = 2,1.

, N-7, (fs)
1,05.
(Ro1) :
Ro1 = fs-1 E1 = 1,05 10 = 10,5 . .
(A1):
A1 = 2 Ro1 L = 2 10,5 100 = 2100 . . ,
21 . 100 . ,
.
(C1) :
C1 = Z1/A1 = 2100/2100 = 1,0.
N-10 , POD
63%. POS
, N-12, POS (POSc)
50%.
(2) . ,
, (1). ,
,
(Z2) 4000 . . ,
(E2) - 10 . , (L) -
100 . . (Zr-2) :

4-26
4.

Zr-2 = Z2/E 2 = 4000/1000 = 4,0.


(Zrc) :
Zrc = Zr-1 + Zr-2 = 2,1 + 4,0 = 6,1.

, N-8, (fs-2)
1,5. (Ro2) :
Ro2 = fs-2 E2 = 1,5 10 = 15 . .
(A2):
A2 = 2 Ro2 L = 2 15 100 = 3000 . . ,
30 . 100 . ,
.
(C2) :
C2 = Z2/ A2 = 4000/3000 = 1,33.
N-10 , POD
74%. POS
, N-12,
(POSc) 80%.
(c) . M
,

. POC, ,
.
, .
3 12. , ,
POC, POS POSc.
4.7.6 .
. ,
-
- .
(a) (b) ,
.


.
(a) .

,
. ,
,
.
POS,
POS. ,
1,0, 0,5 1,5, ,
POS. (A ),
(Z)
(C), 4.6,
:
C = Z/A.
A, ,
:
A = Z/C.

4-27
4.

(b) . , ,
.
,
. ,
, (
, )
, .
() ,
()
. POS 1,0.
.
,
2/3 .
, POS.

POS.

. ,
POC . ,

POC .
(c) . ,
, , ,
POC
. POC
100%. , ,
,
. , ,
, ,
. ,
10 . , 100 . . ,
1600 . . , 1,0
16 , 0,5 32
1,5 10,667 . , ,

, , .
, , 10
1,6, 11
1,4 12
1,3, ,
.
( 11 ,
, 11 .
,
.)

, .
,

.
(d) .
1300Z.
50 .
. , 1315Z.
, 50 .
. ;
.
1345Z RCC ,
(

4-28
4.

1300Z) .
, , ,
200 (50 . 15 = 200 ).
, . ,

10 . . ,
, , ,
POC, 4-15.
,
. ,
2,0 . .

4-15. , ,
POC

(e) .

.
(1) 1. ,
150 .
, 150 4 2,
1200 . . (1200 . . )
50% (1200 . . )
1,0, 4-16 (a). POC
POD (0,5 0,79) POS, 39,5%.
( 2400 . . ), 4-16 (b),
POC 65%, 0,5. POC
POD (0,65 0,47) POS, 31%.
2/3 ( 800 . . ),
4-16 (c), POC, , 2/3 50%, 33%.
1,5,
POD 0,94. POS 0,33 0,94, 31%.
POS,
.

4-29
4.

4-16. = 1200 . .

(2) 2. ,
600 . . ,
1,0,
50%. POS 0,25 0,79, 19,75%.
,
50% 0,5, POS 0,50 0,47,
23,5%. 2/3 ,
, POC , 2/3 0,25, 17%,
POS 0,17 0,94, 16%. POS
,
. 4-17.

4-30
4.

nm .

4-17. = 600 . .

(3) 3. ,
1800 . .
50% 15%
1,0. POC 57,5%,
POS 0,575 0,79, 45,43%.
50%
15% POC
80%. 0,5,
POS 0,8 0,47, 37,6%.
2/3 , ,
50%, ,
1,5. POS 0,5 0,94, 47%.
POS ,
. 4-18.

4-31
4.

4-18. = 1800 . .
(f) .
, , POC,
50%. ,
. POC
. ,
, ,
, .

, .
2400 . 50%
15% 1,0 POS,
51%. POS, 42%,
0,5, POS,
52%, 2/3 1,5.
50%
15%.
50% 2,0
POS, 49%.

4-32
4.

,

.
, ,
, .
, 4.7.6 (h).
(g) . POC

, 4.6.11.
,
1 4.7.6 (e).
50% 1,0.
, . POC
(1 0,79) 0,5, 11%. POC
4-19.

15% 5%

11% 10%

15% 5%

4-19. POC (POSC = 39%)

(h) . , .

.
(1) 1. -
1200 . , POS (14,1%)
15%
0,5.
1,0, 0,5 1,5
, .
(2) 2. ,
2400 . .
15%, 4-20 (a),
1,0, POS, 23,70%.
0,5
, 4-20 (b). POC
51%, POS, 0,51 0,47,
23,97%. 1,5 2/3
15%, 4-20 (c).
POS 18,80%.
, , -,
0,5 1,0 , , 0,5.

0,67, 4-20 (d).

4-33
4.

4-20. = 2400 . .

POS 0,41 0,6, 24,6%.


,
POC 0,67
,
. POC,
, 4-21.
,
.

4-34
4.

6% 5%

4.4% 10%

6% 5%

4-21. POC (POSC = 63,6%)

4.7.7 . ,
, . ,
, ,
. , ,
, :
(a) .
,
.
. ,
( ) ,
( ).
,
.
. , ,
, ,
"" ,

.
(POS) ,
.
(b) .
. ,
,
. ,
,
, , ,
.
(c) .
, ,
,
. , ,
, ,

- ,
.
(d) . , ,
, .
,

4-35
4.

. ,
.
, , ,
.
, ,
, -
. 5.
(e) . ,
, ,
. ,
, ,
.

.
(f) . ,
, ,
.
,

, . , ,

. POS, ,
.
, ,

,
. ,
,
(POS). , ,
. (,
) , ,

, .
, POD, POC, POS POSc
.
.
4.7.8 . ,
4.6 4.7, , ,
, . ,
4.7.4 (b)
. (
, (a).)

,

.
,
.
POC
. ,
.
(a) .
,


. POC .
4-22,
.
(b) .

4-36
4.

,
.
.
, ,
.
, ,
, .
POC ,
. , ,
, ,
,
POC .
4-23.

4-22.
(
)

1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%

3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0% 3.0%

1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5% 1.5%

4-23.
(
)

4-37
4.

4.7.9 POSc . POSc ,


, ,
. POSc,
99%, , ,
, , ,
(POS) 1%. POS c
,
:
(a)
. , , ,
.
(b) , .
, ,
- ,
.
POSc , ,

.
. , , ,
, ,
.

,
().
4.7.10 . POS
, , ,
. , ,
,
POC.
POC ,
, , .
,
.
. 4.8
, , ,
. , ,
,
.

4.8
4.8.1 4.6 4.7,
.

. ,
, , ,
.
, ,
.
, ,
. ,
,

.
.
,
, .
4.8.2 .
, :

4-38
4.

, ,
, ..;
,
, , ,
, ..;
,
(POS POSc);
;
, ,
, , ,
, , , , ,
..;
, ,
;

, ,
, -
, ,
, ,
. .;

, , , ..
;

,
;

, , SAR,
, SRU ..;
,
,
..
4.8.3 ,
.
.
, .
,
, , , ,
;
( )
,
;
,
, ;

;
, ,
- ,
, .

4-39
5


5.1
5.1.1 , ,
. ,
, .
, ,
, , ,
.
, ,
, , ,
, .
5.1.2 , :
;
;
,
;

;
.

5.2
5.2.1 , ,
,
.
, ,
, , ,
. ,

,
.
, .
,
,
. , ,
, ,
, .
5.2.2 , , SAR,
, G.

" ".

5.3
5.3.1 N ,
,
(POSc), .
,
. POS
. .
:

5-1
5.

, ,
, () ;
.

5.3.2 ,
, . ,
, ,
,
. . ,

,
. .
-, ,
(. 4.6.8). -,
,
.
,
.
(a) . ,
.
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.
,
.
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.
(b)
.
.
(1) , .

,
. ,

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, ,
.
(2) ,
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(3) . ,
150 (500 ) ,
, , .

, .
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.
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.
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.
,
.
,
"", , , ,
,

5-2
5.

. , , ,

, , .
(d) ,
, .
, .

.
450
(1500 ). , 150 (500 ),
,
. , N-5,
, N-6

. , ,
, , 150
(500 ).
(e) .

, .
, ,
, ,
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, ,

.
(f) . ,
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,
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,
.
.
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,
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.
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.

, (
) .
30 ,
. 40 ,
, .

,
. 60 (200 )
110 / (60 ), 150
(500 ) 280 / (150 ). (

SAR " ".)
5.3.3 N-4, N-5 N-6
, ,

5-3
5.

. N-7
, .
N-8
, .
, N-9.

, , . N-10 ,
,
.

5.3.4 , ,
,
. (
,
5.5.5), ,
.
. ,
, ,
.
, ,
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, ,
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,
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5.3.5 .

,
. ,
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, ,
, , .

5.3.6 :
(a)

;
(b) (Y)
.
, 12
(40 ) 9 (5 . )
, ,
37 (20 . ). N-4 8,3 (4,5 . )
9 (5 . ), ,
21,5 (11,6 . ), 37 (20 . ) .
,
, 300 (1000 ) ,
, 5,6 (3,0 . ),
,
4,3 (2,3 . ).
: ,
,

. , .
5.3.7 ,
N, L .

5-4
5.

5.4
5.4.1
/
. .
(a) ,
.
(b) (POD)
, , .
(c)
.
(d)
.
(e) ,
.
5.4.2 ,
. ()
.
(a) :
;
;
();
,
;
;
;
,
,
, ..
(b)
.
(c) (
POSc 4.7.9).
(d)
,
.
5.4.3 .
,
.

, ,
..
.
, ,
,
,
.
5.4.4 , , , -

, ,

5-5
5.

, ,
, .
5.4.5 /
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, ;

;

;
;

.
5.4.6 :
;
;
;
.

,
.
5.4.7 .

.
.
SMC,
, ,
.

5.5
(VS)
5.5.1 ,
, . , ,
,
,
. ,
, 5-1.
, ,
. -
,
, .

.

5-6
5.

2-

CSP 3-

1-

1-
3-

2-

2-


1-

5-1. :

5.5.2 (,
), ,
.
. ,

.
( ),
.
5 20 . .

.
2 5 . ,
120 .
.
5.5.3
,
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(SS)
5.5.4 ,
.
(CSP) .
,
5-2, .
, ,
.
,
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5-7
5.

5-2. (SS)

5.5.5 .
,
.
,
.
45, 5-3.


(
)

5-3.
.



. , ,

,
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,


.

5-8
5.

(TS)
5.5.6 ,
.
, ,
,
. ,

- , , (
), , (
) ( ).

.
(TSR), 5-4,
,
(TSN), 5-5. -
, 300600
(10002000 ) 600900 (20003000 )
. ,
.

, .

5-4. (TSR)

5-5. (TSN)
5.5.7 , ,
, ,
. ,

. ,
, , ,
,
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.

, SAR ,
:

5-9
5.

;
,
;
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(PS)
5.5.8
,
.
.
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,
,
.
5.5.9
(CSP), . CSP
,
, , .
.
, ,
CSP .
, .
PS 5-6. 5-7 ,
PS
, , . 5-8 ,
(DME)
PS.

5-6. (PS)

5-10
5.

5-7.

5-8.

5.5.10
. 5.4.3,
,
.
. , ..,
,
,
5-9, .

5-11
5.

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, ,
,
.
,
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5-9.

(CS)
5.5.11
,
, . CS
,
, PS,
(. 5.5.12). CS 5-10.

S S

5-10. (CS)
(CSC)
5.5.12 -
, ,
,
.

5-12
5.

. ,
,
,
.

, 5-11.

S S

5-11. (CSC)

5.5.13 , ,

:
Vs = (S Va)/(L + S),
Vs , S
, Va (TAS) L
.

(OS)
5.5.14 ,
.
, .

.
, 150300 (5001000 ) ,
,
. ,
,
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,
, .

. 5-12.

5-13
5.

5-12. (OS)

5.5.15 .
, .
, .
(a) .
(b) , ,
.
(c)
. ,
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, .
, 56 / (30 ),
10 / (2000 /).
(e) ,
.
.
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5.5.16).
.
,
.
(f) ,
180 ,
.
, ,
180.
.
(g)
.

5-14
5.


5.5.16
.
.
.

,
, .
, .
,
.
,
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.

5.5.17 .
,
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5.6
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5.6.1 , ,
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ELT, ,
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5.6.2
, ,
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,
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5-15
5.

.
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180,
.
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.
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5-16
5.

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180



180



1/2
90


ELT

1/2



180

5-14.

.
,
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- ,
.

5-17
5.


5.6.5 .

, .
5.6.6 , ,
, , ,
, "", ,
, .
, (
),
, ,
.
800 1200 ( 2400 4000 ).
2400 (8000 ).

.

5.7

5.7.1 ,
, .
, ,
.
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. ,
, ,
,
.
5.7.2 ,
.
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5-18
5.

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5-15.
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5-16.

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5-19
5.

5-17.


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, , , ,
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5-20
5.

;
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5-21
5.

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5-22
5.

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5-23
5.

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5.9.4


.
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5-24
5.

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5-20.

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5-25
5.


5.10.3 4 (A)
(Z) ,
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:
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,
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5.11.


5.10.4 , ,
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5-26
5.


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5-27
5.

5.10.8 ,
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;
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TAS);
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5-19.)


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5-28
5.


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. .
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A-1 1547N 06512W, 1559N 06500W, 1500N 06403W, 1447N 06415W

,
.
() (N, S, E, W).
, 1 + 5 + 4 + 7 =
17, 7.
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3417N 13622W 80 . 40 . 025T 5,0 . 115T

5-29
5.

5.11.6 .
. :
: 2406N 05855W 2450N 05546W, 50 . .
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A B C D E F G H
1

5-21.

5-30
5.

5.12
5.12.1 SMC

.
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:
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, ;

;
;
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;
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;
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5-31
5.

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;

5-32
5.

; OSC, ,
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5.15.1 SAR , ,
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5-33
5.

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5-34
5.

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5.17.1 , ,

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5.18.1 ,

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5.19.1 , .

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H).
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5.20.1 SMC ,
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5.20.2 SAR 8.

5-35
6



6.1
6.1.1 , SMC ( OSC, ,
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6-1
6.

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6-2
6.

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6-3
6.

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6-4
6.

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6-5
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6-6
6.

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6-7
6.

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:

6-8
6.

;
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6.12
6.12.1 RCC :

, , ,
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6-9
6.

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6.13 , ,

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6-11
6.

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6.13.15 ,
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6-12
6.

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6-13
6.

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6.14
6.14.1 SRR ,
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6-14
6.

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.
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()
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6.15 -
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6.15.1 - (MRO) ,
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MRO ,
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6-15
6.

6.15.5
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6-16
6.


.
6.15.11 ,
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6.15.20 SAR


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6-17
6.

6.15.23
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6-18
6.

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. :
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);
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6-19
6.

SAR ( )
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6.15.35 , .


6.15.36
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,
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6-20
6.

6.15.38 SAR, ,
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SAR ,

.
6.15.40
. (ICS)
. ICS
.
SAR ICS
.
6.15.41 ICS
.
6.15.42 ICS.


6.15.43 SAR MRO ,
,
. MRO ,
, .
6.15.44 , ,


MRO.
6.15.45 SAR,
,
SAR , MRO.

MRO
6.15.46
MRO.
6.15.47 MRO
, SAR.
,
,
.
.
6.15.48 ,
,
, ,
, .
6.15.49 , -
, . SAR

, , ,
.
6.15.50 ,
,
SM.

6-21
6.

6.15.51
, ,
.
6.15.52 -
.
6.15.53 .
6.15.54
, , , SAR.
,
.
6.15.55 ,
SM. (
ICS ).
,
. , ,
.
, ,
-.
6.15.56 ,
, .
,
, .
,
, .
6.15.57
, SAR, RCC
.
6.15.58 SAR;
, -
.
6.15.59 ,
.
6.15.60 -
SAR .

. .
6.15.61 ,
:
;
;
SAR ;
SAR;
;
;
, ,
;

.
6.15.62 .

6-22
6.

MRO
6.15.63 MRO.
( )
, .
6.15.64
,
. MRO
, .
6.15.65
.
. ,
,
.
6.15.66
.
6.15.67 ,
.

. ,
, .
6.15.68 ,
.
.

.
6.15.69
, .

-
.

6.16
6.16.1
. . SMC
- .
6.16.2 SAR ,
,
, .
6.16.3
:
;
;
, ;

;
, (, ,
, ..);
,
..;
SMC.

6-23
6.

6.16.4
SMC .
.
, ,
, , .
RCC
, , ,
, ,
SRR, .
, , SAR.
, SMC, :
SAR ;
SAR, , ,
;
, ;
, , ,
;
;
,
;
;
, , ;
;
, , ;
SAR
;
, ,
, ;
,

.
6.16.5 .
, ,
, SAR,
. SAR
, ,
.
/,
. RCC ,
,
.
6.16.6 /, ,

.
. ,
, ,
.
6.17
6.17.1 , , ,
SAR. SAR
RCC .
6.17.2 :

6-24
6.

, ,
, ,
;
, , ,
, , ,
, .

, .
6.17.3 , ,
,
SAR . :
, ,
;
, ;
;
;
,
SAR , , SAR.

6.18
6.18.1

SAR. ,
, .
SAR.
, ,
SAR.
6.18.2 SAR
, (
), .
, ,

.
6.18.3
SMC .
SMC ,
.
6.18.4 , .
, , ,
, , ,
.
. , ,
, SAR
, ,
.
6.18.5 SAR
SAR, .
, ( ), , ,
( ).
, SAR, , , .
6.18.6 :
(a) .
- ,
.

6-25
6.

(b) SAR .
SAR ,
.
(c) , RCC,
.
(d) , ,
, ,
, .
6.18.7 SAR .

(DVI)
.
DVI ,
-
.
SAR, RCC.
DVI SAR , SAR
,
. SAR
SAR .
, , SAR.
SAR DVI
. DVI , , ,
. SAR ,
, DVI,
.

6.19
6.19.1 ,
, ,
. SAR
SAR
.
,
.
6.19.2 SAR
, ,
,
.
6.19.3 , ,

. ,
,
. SAR
.
6.19.4 ,
SAR
,
.
.
6.19.5 SAR ,
,

, SAR :

6-26
6.

()
. ,
,
.
(b)
, ,
,
.
()
,
.
(d)

.
(e)
,
, .
(f) , .
(g)

;
,
.
(h)
48 .
(i)

, ,
.
(j)
,
.

6.20
6.20.1 SMC
, , .

. ,
,
. 8
SAR.

6-27
7



7.1
7.1.1 SAR , -
, SAR, , :
,
,
;
(MSI);
,
;

.
7.1.2 , SAR ,
,
. ,
SAR,
,
.
, SAR -
.

7.2
7.2.1
.

(
, , ).
,
. , ,
J.
7.2.2 :
,
;
,
;
;
,
, ,
;


;
-
, ;
.

7-1
7.

7.2.3 , , SMC
SAR, .
SMC
.
- , , .
7.2.4 , :
;
;
;
;
;
;

;
.
7.2.5 , :
(,
);
;
;
;
;
;
.
7.2.6 - ,
:
, ;
;
( );
;
, : ,
;
, ;
.
7.2.7
, -.
7.2.8 -
, .
.
7.2.9 , ,
, .

7-2
7.

7.3
7.3.1 (MSI), ,
, SAR,
,
. MSI
, NAVTEX, SafetyNET , - -.
MSI SAR.

.
7.4
7.4.1 RCC ,
. ,
. RCC
, ( ,
, , )
, , SAR.
7.4.2 ,
, . "/
"
,
-C GMDSS.
"/ ". RCC
, ,
, , ,
, SAR.
,
, .
7.5 RCC
7.5.1 SAR
, SAR.
, :
, , , ;

, , ,
;
;
,
, ,
,
.
7.5.2
,
. ,
,
. SAR
, .
, , ,
, , -
.
7.6
7.6.1 SAR .
5
" " ,
. ,
, ""

7-3
7.

" ". SAR


. SAR
,
, ,
. ,
SAR,
. SAR, ,
, SMC
, .
,
.
7.6.2 , -
, SRU ,
-
. SRU
.
7.7
7.7.1 14
.

.
, ,
.
RCC.
7.7.2 SAR
( )
.
. ,
, :
, SAR,
;
SAR ,
.

7-4
8

SAR
8.1
8.1.1 SAR , :
, , ,
SAR, ;
, , SAR,
;
,
- .

8.2 SAR
8.2.1 SAR
,
. , SC SAR,
, ,
, SMC
, , SMC ,
. ,
RCC, ,
, OSC ,
.
8.2.2 SAR, , ,
.
:
, , ,
;
.

8.3
8.3.1 .

. ,
,
. SAR
, , .
,
, SAR.
8.3.2 ,
.
, ,
, , -
, ,
. .
:

;
,
;

8-1
8. SAR

,
;
;
, , :
;
, ;
,
, , ;
:
, ;
( N
);
, ;
;
, .
8.3.3 , , , -
,
SAR. , , :
;
;

, , ;
, .
8.3.4 SMC
.
, .
1.10, SMC
, .
RCC , ,
SMC ( ) , .
, ,
, ,
, , .
8.3.5 , SMC ,
, , ,
, . ,
, RCC.
8.3.6 RCC ,
,
, .

8.4
8.4.1
. -
,
,
.

8-2
8. SAR

8.5
8.5.1 SAR
, , .
,
(SITREP), RCC.
, RCC
, (
) . SAR
RCC, ,
RCC, , RCC, .
8.5.2 RCC
,
.
8.5.3 , ( )
SAR
SAR , SAR.
, (. 6.16).
SAR SAR ,

.

8.6
8.6.1 SAR
SAR.
,
.
, , ,

. , SAR ,
.
SAR
, ,
, ,
SMC SC SAR.

8.7
8.7.1 SAR , ,
-, , ,
,
. , SAR
. ,
SAR SAR
.
(a) SAR
.
, , ,
. SAR

.
, , ,

, .
SAR.

(b) SAR,
,
SAR.

8-3
8. SAR

SAR ,
. ,
, .
,
.
8.7.2 , , , ,
8.3.2.
8.7.3 SAR
;
.
,
, , ,
.

8.8
8.8.1 , SAR,

. SAR.
,
, ,
, ,
. "", SAR. ,
, ,
,
. , ,
, .

8.9
8.9.1 , SAR,
SMC SC SAR.
SAR
.
:
() ( );
(b) ( );
() ;
(d) ;
() ( ).
, -
/
. , SAR
, .
8.9.2 : ,
.
, :
() :
/ ;
;
;
;
;
;

8-4
8. SAR

(b) :
/, SAR;
// ;
RCC //;
;
;
;
() :
, ;
;
;
.
8.9.3 SAR
:
() (SITRP). 2,

.
(b) SAR ( , ).
5,
SAR .
.
() SAR.
(. ).

. ,
.
(d) .
SAR, RCC , ,
.
SAR.
/

. ,
(
).
() SAR.
SAR /
.
. 8.7.
, , ,
, . ,

(. ).

8.9.4
:

8-5
8. SAR


( )
SAR SAR SAR
SAR

()
SM
(/
/)
SAR
(/
/)
SAR

()



(/)

8-6

A
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-5
"" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-6

B
RCC- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-1
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-9
DSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-10

C - :
,
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -3
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -5

D ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-6
MEDICO MEDEVAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-8

E ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-4

G
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G-1
, . . . . . G-10

H
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-1
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-3
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-6
SAR / . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -8
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -9

I SITREP
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-1
RCC RSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6
( MAREC) . . . . . . . . . I-9

-i

K

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-1
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-7
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . K-9
" " (AWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-12

" " (AWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-13
" ( )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-15
" ( )" . . . . . . . . . . . K-17
" (ASW)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-21

" " (ASW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-22
" " (TWC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-24

" " (TWC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-25
" " (WC). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-28
" "(WC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-29
" " (LW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-31

" " (LW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-32
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-34

" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-36

L
" (Zta)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-1

" (Zta )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-2
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-5

" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-6
" "
, ,
,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-9
" "
,
, ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-11
" "
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-21
" "
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-22
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-26
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-33
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-34

M

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-2

-ii


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-4

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-11
M-21

N
(. N-1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-1
(. N-2 N-3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-2
( N-1 N-3) . . . . . . . N-4
( N-4 N-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-6
(. N-4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-12

(. N-5 N-6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-13

(. N-7 N-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-15
, (. N-9) . . . . . . . . . . N-17
OD (. N-10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-18
OS (. N-11 N-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-19
(. N-13 N-14) . . . . . . . . . . . . N-20
( N-13 N-14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-21
(. N-15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-22

O SAR

P ,

Q
"" : F/V Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-1
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-2
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-4
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-5
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-6
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-7
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-8
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-10
" "
,
,
, . . . . . . . . . . . Q-11
- ""
F/V Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-13

R . TMAS - TMAS

-iii
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
A

p . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-3
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-4
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-5
"" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-6

-i
.

A N

B O

C P

D Q

E R

F S

G T

H U

I V

J W

K X

L Y

M Z

1 6

2 7

3 8

4 9

5 0

-1
.

AFFIRMATIVE () "", .

BREAK ()
.

FIGURES () , .

I SPELL ( ) , , .

NEGATIVE () "".

OUT () , .

OVER () , .

ROGER () " ".

SILENCE () " ".

SILENCE FINI ( ) , ,
.

THIS IS ( ) ,
.

WAIT () "", " ;


".

-2
.

"SOS", ;


( 6 ,
);

,
;

-, , ;

, , ( ;
ppp 50 );

,
35 ; 10
12 ;

; 10 ,
12 8 ;

, , 5 ,
45 ;

, ,
10 3 .

-3
.

: V
: X
: N
: Y
:

A-1 A-2 .

-1

.
() ()

-2

-4
.

A-3 , .

-5
.

""

"" A-4.

-6
B

RCC-- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -1
- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-9

DSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . B-10

B-i

, 2009 , 1 2010 .
B.

RCC RCC-Cospas-Sarsat Message Formats


-

(1) : (1) To send out a distress alert:

: ( /RCC) FROM (Name of organization/RCC)


: ( /RCC) TO (Name of organization/RCC)
( - MESSAGE NUMBER (Only if system requirement)
: )

1. (, 1. DISTRESS ALERT (System used to signal


distress)
)
2. 2. DISTRESS
( (Provide information on the type of information
, ..) received, system details, etc) (Address information,
( ; MMSI; , MMSI, system number, etc) AT TIME (Time and date
, ..) of receipt)
( )

3. - 3. POSITION Latitude and longitude (including date


: (, and time updated if applicable)
, -
)
: ( ) COURSE (if applicable)
: ( SPEED KTS (if applicable)
)
4. / 4. OTHER/DECODED INFORMATION
( (Include information as applicable to system such
, : ; - as: Inmarsat Region; Receiving Station;
; ; Communications Mode; Results of Contact; etc.)
; ..)

5. ( - 5. (Include action taken and any information gained,


, identity of vessel if known; etc.)
,
; ..)

6. . 6. PASSED FOR YOUR CO-ORDINATION. PLEASE


( ACKNOWLEDGE (Insert RCC contact details)
,
RCC)

(2) (2) To repeat an unsuccessfully transmitted message:


:
: ( /RCC) FROM (Name of organization/RCC)
: ( /RCC) TO (Name of organization/RCC)
() DISTRESS ALERT MESSAGE NUMBER (number)
1. 1. REPEAT REQUESTED

(3) MCC , (3) To advise the MCC that relay of further reports is
: unnecessary:
: ( /RCC) FROM (Name of organization/RCC)
: ( /RCC) TO (Name of organization/RCC)
() DISTRESS ALERT MESSAGE NUMBER (number)
1. ( ) 1. CASE CLOSED (or SUSPENDED)
2. 2. BEACON TURNED OFF

(4) MCC (4) To ask the MCC to monitor a particular area in which
, , the RCC suspects an incident has occurred:
RCC, :
: ( /RCC) FROM (Name of organization/RCC)
: ( /RCC) TO (Name of organization/RCC)
REQUEST FOR ALERT DATA

B-1
B.

1. 1. GEOGRAPHIC LOCATION (location)


()
2. ( ) 2. FREQUENCY (frequency)
3. / 3. CANCELLATION DATE/TIME (date and time)
( )

(5) , (5) To request emergency data which the MCC may have
MCC , in its database associated with a particular beacon:
:
: ( /RCC) FROM (Name of organization/RCC)
: ( /RCC) TO (Name of organization/RCC)
REQUEST FOR ADDITIONAL DATABASE
INFORMATION
1. 1. BEACON ID CODE (beacon identity)
( )

B-2
B.

- Examples of Cospas-Sarsat Formats

. Note. Not all variations have been included in the


, examples but may be developed using the message
field table and examples that follow.
.

- Message content of a Cospas-Sarsat Alert



Message
Field # TITLE
45 45 MESSAGE TYPE
46 46 CURRENT MESSAGE NUMBER
47 47 MCC REFERENCE
48 - 48 DETECTION TIME & SPACECRAFT ID


49 49 DETECTION FREQUENCY
50 50 COUNTRY OF BEACON REGISTRATION
51 51 USER CLASS OF BEACON
52 52 IDENTIFICATION

53 53 EMERGENCY CODE
54 54 POSITIONS
54 54a RESOLVED POSITION
54b 54b A POSITION & PROBABILITY

54 54c B POSITION & PROBABILITY

54d 54d ENCODED POSITION AND TIME OF UPDATE


55 55 SOURCE OF ENCODED POSITION DATA

56 56 NEXT PASS TIMES

56 56a NEXT TIME OF VISIBILITY OF RESOLVED
POSITION

56b 56b NEXT TIME OF VISIBILITY OF A POSITION

56 56c NEXT TIME OF VISIBILITY OF B POSITION

56d 56d NEXT TIME OF VISIBILITY OF ENCODED
POSITION

57 57 BEACON HEX ID & HOMING SIGNAL


58 58 ACTIVATION TYPE
59 59 BEACON NUMBER
60 60 OTHER ENCODED INFORMATION

61 61 OPERATIONAL INFORMATION
62 62 REMARKS
63 63 END OF MESSAGE

B-3
B.

,
406 ( EPIRB
)

1. -:
2. MSG NO: 00306 AUMCC REF: 12345
3. 17 07 1627 UTC GOES 11
4. 406,0250
5. : 316/
6. : EPIRB
:05918
7. :
8. :

( )
( )
: 05 00 00 S 178 00 00 E
:
9.
10. :




11. : 278C362E3CFFBFF;
: 121,5
12. :
13. :
14.
CSTA:0108
: ACR, RLB-33

:- 30

15. :
LUT: NZGEO1 WELLINGTON GEOLUT, NEW ZEALAND (GOES 11)
[CMCC]
16.

,
406 ( ELT)

1. -
2. MSG NO: 00141 SPMCC REF: 12345
3. 21 . 07 0646 UTC MSG-2
4. 406,0249
5. : 408/
6. : - ELT
: 000006
7. :

B-4
, 2009 , 1 2010 .
B.

8. :

( )
( )

:
9.
10. :

( )
( )
:
11. : 331000033F81FE0
: 121,5
12. :
13. :
14. :
15. :
WWW.406REGISTRATION.COM
16.

,
406 ( PLB)

1. -

2. MSG NO: 00812 AUMCC REF: 2DD747073F81FE0
3. 28 . 07 0920 UTC S11
4. 406,0278
5. : 366/
6. : PLB
:167438
7. :
8. :
33 27 N 038 56 E
( ) 33 27 N 038 56 E
( )
33 25 56 N 038 55 40 E;
:
9.
10. :

( )
( )
:
11. : 2DD747073F81FE0;
: 121,5
12. :
13. :

B-5
, 2009 , 1 2010 .
B.

14. :
15.
LUT:FRLUT2 TOULOUSE, FRANCE
16.

,
406 ( ELT:24- )

1. -
2. MSG NO: 00741 AUMCC REF: 3266E2019CFFBFF
3. 22 .07 0912 UTC S10
4. 406,0247
5. : 403/
6. : ELT
24- : 7100CE
7. :
8. :

( ) 32 49 N 081 54 E 69 %
( ) 24 18 N 041 18 E 31 %
;
:
9.
10. :

( )
( )
:
11. : 3266E2019CFFBFF;
: 121,5
12. :
13.
14.
24- , :
15.
LUT: INLUT1 BANGALORE, INDIA
16. :

,
406 ( )

1.
-
2. MSG NO: 00192 AUMCC REF: 2AB82AF800FFBFF
3. 03 MAY 07 0853 UTC S09
4. 406,0276
5. : 341/-

B-6
, 2009 , 1 2010 .
B.

6. :

MMSI : 088000
7. :
8. :
02 15 N 046 00 E
( ) 02 25 N 046 06 E
( )
01 54 24 N 045 37 32 E;
:
9.
10. :

( )
( )
:
11. : 2AB82AF800FFBFF
: ( 121,5)
12.
13. 00
14. :
15.
LUT: NZLUT WELLINGTON, NEW ZEALAND
16. :



,
406 ( EPIRB: )

1. -

2. MSG NO: 01087 AUMCC REF: ADCE402FA80028D
3. 20 07 1613 UTC S08
4. 406,0266
5. : 366/
6. : EPIRB ( )
: 0003050
7. :
8. :

( ) 36 38 S 168 58 E 50 %
( ) 36 39 S 169 01 E 50 %

9. :
10. :

( ) 21 07 0812 UTC

B-7
, 2009 , 1 2010 .
B.

( ) 21 07 0812 UTC
:
11. : ADCE402FA80028D;
: 121,5
12. :
13.
14.
CSTA: 0163
MCMURDO LTD: G5 E5 SMARTFIND
15.
:

LUT: AULUTW ALBANY, AUSTRALIA
16.

,
406 ( ELT
)

1. -

2. MSG NO: 00932 AUMCC REF: 9D064BED62EAFE1
3. 10 07 0654 UTC S11
4. 406,0246
5. : 232/
6. : ELT
: VP-CGK
7. :
8. :
25 13 N 055 22 E
( ) 25 17 N 055 23 E
( )
;
9. :
10. :

( )
( )

11. : 9D064BED62EAFE1;
: 121,5
12. :
13.
14.
15.
16.

B-8
, 2009 , 1 2010 .
B.

-C Inmarsat-C Format

: ( /RCC) FROM (Name of organization/RCC)


: ( /RCC) TO (Name of organization/RCC)

1. - -C 1. DISTRESS ALERT - Inmarsat-C

2. 2. DISTRESS MESSAGE RECEIVED FROM


-C, Inmarsat-C
( ), NUMBER (Insert Mobile Number) AT TIME (UTC Time and
: ( UTC ) date of receipt)

3. : ......... ........ 3. POSITION: LAT..................LONG...................................


..................... UTC, UPDATED AT TIME............................ UTC
DATE UNKNOWN
................... ............. COURSE.......................... SPEED.............. KTS

4. 4. OTHER INFORMATION
: ( DISTRESS TYPE NOT SPECIFIED (Default,
, change as required)
)

: ( Inmarsat REGION PACIFIC (Default, change


, as required)
)

LES ( RECEIVING STATION LES (Insert name of


: LES ) Inmarsat LES)

: ( PROTOCOL MARITIME (Default, change


, as required)
)

( , POSITION UPDATED YES (Default, change as


LAST 24 HRS required)
: )

/ ( , COURSE/SPEED YES (Default, change as


UPDATED required)
: ) LAST 24 HRS

5. ( RCC) 5. (Insert RCC name) ACKNOWLEDGED MESSAGE VIA


-C, Inmarsat-C

* , * AND MESSAGE DELIVERED TO VESSEL BUT NO


, REPLY RECEIVED
* * BUT MESSAGE COULD NOT BE DELIVERED TO
VESSEL
* * UNABLE TO IDENTIFY VESSEL FROM OUR
RECORDS
* * OUR RECORDS IDENTIFY VESSEL AS (Insert name
( ) and callsign of vessel)

6. . 6. PASSED FOR YOUR CO-ORDINATION. PLEASE


( , ACKNOWLEDGE (Insert RCC contact details)
RCC)

_________________ _______________
* , * Delete whichever line which does not apply.
.

B-9
B.

DSC DSC Format

: ( /RCC) FROM (Name of organization/RCC)


: ( /RCC) TO (Name of organization/RCC)

1. 1. DISTRESS ALERT - DIGITAL SELECTIVE CALLING


(DSC) (DSC)

2. 2. DISTRESS MESSAGE
: *( ) RECEIVED ON *(Insert frequency) kHz

DISTRESS RELAY
RECEIVED ON *(Insert frequency) kHz
*( )

DISTRESS ACKNOWLEDGMENT
RECEIVED ON *(Insert frequency) kHz
: *( )

: ( UTC AT TIME (UTC Time and date of receipt) UTC


) UTC

MMSI MMSI NUMBER OF VESSEL


: ( MMSI) IN DISTRESS (Insert MMSI number)

3. : ................... 3. POSITION: LAT....................LONG..............................


....................... UTC, UPDATED AT TIME.......................... UTC
DATE UNKNOWN

4. 4. OTHER INFORMATION

: ( DISTRESS TYPE NOT SPECIFIED (Default,


, change as required)
)

: /NBD ( COMMUNICATIONS MODE VOICE/NBDP (Delete as


) required)

: ( MMSI )
RELAYED BY (Insert MMSI of station)

: ( MMSI )
ACKNOWLEDGED BY (Insert MMSI of station)
: (
RESULT (Insert any results from
) attempts to contact vessel)

5. * 5. * UNABLE TO IDENTIFY VESSEL FROM OUR


RECORDS

* * OUR RECORDS IDENTIFY VESSEL AS (Insert


( ) name and callsign of vessel)

6. . 6. PASSED FOR YOUR CO-ORDINATION. PLEASE


( , ACKNOWLEDGE (Insert RCC contact details)
RCC)
_______________ _____________
* , * Delete whichever line which does not apply.
.

B-10

, 2009 , 1 2010 .
C
- :
,
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . C-1
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -3
MRO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -5

-i
C.

- :
,

MRO
, -
, MRO.
-
,
, .
MRO ;
,
. ,
, , , ,
1000 100
. ,
, .
MRO :
:
;
.
-
;
, ;

.
:
Amver ;
;
( , , ,
, );
.
, ,
, , -
.
,
.
OSC OSC.
.
.
:
(RCC RCC, , RCC OSC,
, , , , SAR
. .);

-1
C.

(, , ,
, );
;
.
(,
, , ,
, . .).
, ,
.
.
.
.
, ,
.
- :
SAR;
( );
, ,
, , ;
.

.
.
.
, , ,
, :
;

;
-,
, ;
;
;
, ,
.
, , :
, .

.
.

-2
C.

,
.
, , , ,
.
,
,
.
,
,
.
,
.
,
.

.
" ", ,
, .
.
,
, .

.
.

MRO
SAR MRO ,
,
. MRO ,
, .
, ,

MRO.
MRO
, , .
, ,
, .
SAR
.
, ,
SAR , ,
.
,
,
, .

.

-3
C.

, ,
,
.
.

( ) ,

,
SAR
, , ,
,

,
, , ,
,
,

,
,
, , ,
,

, ,
, -,

-

(ERC)
, ,
, .
, , ,
.
, , -
, . .,
, .
SAR
,

- . ,
, ,
MRO. .
ERC RCC
.

-4
C.

SAR, ,
.
,
MRO. :
SAR ;

;
;
, SAR;
;
;
;
,
, ;
;

;
,
, , , , ,
, . .,
;
SAR
,
"" .

SAR
SAR .

MRO

.
(ICS),
,
. SAR , ,
ICS ,
ICS.
ICS :
(IC):
, ,
,
.
(ICP): ,
.
(ICS):
, ,

-5
C.

,

.
(UC): -
, ,

.
ICS ,
,
.

, ,
.
,
.
ICS , SAR;
SAR , ICS
.
, ICS
.
, ICS:
;
, ;
;
SAR SAR ;
SM ICS ;
.
ICS
.

, .
ICS ,
ICS;
, , ,
.
, IC ,
.
(, )
, IC
.
ICS :
;
,
,
;

-6
C.

-
, , ,
, , ;
- ,
, ,
.
, IC, :
,
, IC,
;

;

.
ICS:

I (ICP)
ICS. ICS .
, IC
(. . -
) (UC)
, . UC
, ,
().
, ,
(JIC),
, ,
.
ICS
. SAR
SAR SM
ICS.
SAR ICS ,
SAR. ICS
, SAR .

-7
C.

, ,
.
, ,
,
.

IC. IC

.
,
IC IC , IC ,
.
IC
. , ,
IC, SM RCC.
IC , ,
SM ,
. , IC ,
, , ,
, IC .
, SAR
, IC , SM.
, SM
, SAR.
IC ,
RCC, RCC
SAR SAR .

-8
D
,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-5
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-6
MEDICO MEDEVAC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-7
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . D-8

D-i
D. ,

1. SMC.
2. .
3. (
).
4. ( ).
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. , :
(a) ;
(b) ;
(c) ;
(d) .
9.
, ,
.
10. ( C).

D-1
D. ,



1. SAR
- .
2. , ,
, :
(a) ;
(b) ;
(c) , -
;
(d) ;
(e) ;
(f) ( ).
3. , , SAR
.

. (MARO)
.
4. ,
.
SAR, .
SITRE
, SMC.
5. .
6. SMC
SITRE.
7.
SAR
RCC - .
, :
1. ,
, , ,
, 812 .
2. , ,
, , .
RCC.
. :
(a) ;
(b) /;
(c) , ;
(d) ;
(e) , ;
(f) , , -;
(g) , ;.
(h) , ;
(i) ;
(j) ;

D-2
D. ,

(k) , ;
(l) , ( );
(m) ( );
(n) .
3. , ,

SAR, .
, -
,
.
,
.
4. ,
4 .
,
,
,
.
5.
, .
6. ,
, . ,

. , ,
. .
7. SAR, , SITRE
RCC. SITRE
, .
8. ,
. , SMC
, , .


1. , ,
.
.
2. .
,
.
3. , ,

.
4. , ,
, , ,
.

D-3
D. ,

, .
1. , ,
, - ,
, ,
80 (50 )
.
2. , ,
.
3. ,
,

.
4. , ,
.

D-4
D. ,

1. / .
2. / .
3. / , .
4. ( , , /
).
5. .
6. , , , .
7. .
8. , , , .
9. ,
.
10. .
11. .
12. .

D-5
D. ,

1. , , , , ,
.
2. , , .
3. , .
4. , .., .
5. .
6. .
7. , .
8. , , , ,
, .

D-6
D. ,

MEDICO MEDEVAC

1. ( , , /
( ), / ( )).
2. , , , , .
3. , .
4. .
5. .
6. , .
7. .
8. .
9. , , ETA.
10. , .
: . R TMAS
.
11. .
12. .

D-7
, 2008 , 1 2009 .
D. ,

1. (/ ).
2. .
3. /, .
4. .
5. .
6. , .
7. .
8. .
9. .
10. (." " . D-6).
11. .
12. , .
13. / .
14. (/ ).
15. .

D-8
E
,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-1
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-2
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . E-4

-i
E. ,


. .
1. SMC, .
2. .
3. ,
, (. G.3.2).
4. () SRU .
5. .
6. ,
.
7. ,
, .
8. ,
.
9. , .
10. ,
.

-1
E. ,


1. () SRU.
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. ,
.
6. .
7. RCC SAR.
8. .
9. SRU .
10. SMC.
11. ( ):
(a) NOTAM;
(b) .
12. :
(a) ;
(b) ;
(c) .
13. , ,
, .


1. () SRU.
2. -
.
3.
.
4. .
5. RCC SAR.
6. .
7. SRU .
8. SMC.
9. ( ):
(a) ;
(b) ;
(c) ;
(d) .

-2
E. ,

10. :
(a) ;
(b) ;
(c) .
11.
, .
12. , ,
, .

-3
E. ,

1. , ,
.
2. () SRU.
3. RCC SAR.
4. .
5. SRU .
6. ,
, .

-4
F

.
.
1. SMC, .
2. RCC RSC
SAR.
3. SRU, .
4.
- .
5. .
6. .
7. SRU , .
8. OSC.
9. OSC:
(a) .
(b) .
(c) OSC .
10. .
11. .
12. .
13. OSC.
14. .
15. .
16. .
17.
.
18.
. (. G.3.2. , Amver)
19. , ,
.
20. .
21. .
22. .
23. .
24. , .
25.
.
26. .
27. .

F-1
F.

28. ,
.
29. .
30. SAR.
31.
.
32. :
(a) , ;
(b) .
33. .
34. .

F-2
G

SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .G-1
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . G-10

G-i
G.

SAR

G.1
G.1.1 SAR: , .
,
. SAR
:
, ,
,
, ;
;
;
,
.
G.1.2 ,
, .
,
.
G.1.3 , ,
,
,
(POD) (POS).
, , ,
,
. ; ,
,
.
,
.

G.2
G.2.1 , SAR, :
, ;
(, ,
);
;
.
G.2.2 SAR .


( 280 SRG
(150 . ) 0,5 )
( 740 MRG
(400 . ) 2,5 )
( 1390 LRG
(750 . ) 2,5 )
( VLR
1850 (1000 . ) 2,5 )
( 2780 ELR
(1500 . ) , 2,5 )

G-1
G.

, :
( 185 HEL-L
(100 . ), 1 5 )
( 185 HEL-M
370 ( 100 200 . ), 6
15 )
( HEL-H
370 (200 . ), 15 )

. , , .

, . ,
.
G.2.3 SAR
:
,

. ,
, ,
.
,
, ,
, ,
.
.
, -
,
, , , ,
, .
, (DF)
,
.

, , SAR
, .
.
.
G.2.4
.
. SMC
- . ,
,
,
.
G.2.5 SAR, ,
. ,
, ;
.
, .
275 / (150
), . ,
, ,
150 (500 ).
.
, . ,
, ,
, :

G-2
G.

,
, , ELT
EPIRB;
,
.
,
;

.
G.2.6 ,
:
:
;
;
, ,
;
, ;
;
:
,
;
,
;
, SAR;
, ,
;
, ;
,
;
;

.
G.2.7
-. ,
- ,
,
. ,
, ,
.
G.2.8
, .
,
, , , ,
.
,
, , ,
, ,
.
G.2.9 - .
- -
,
.

G-3
G.

G.2.10 SAR
:
,
,
;


,
/ .

, , , ,
.
G.2.11
, , . SAR

. , ,
, .
G.2.12 ,
, ,
, SAR.

, ,
, .
G.2.13 ,
, ,
,
. RCC, OSC
.
,
/ , -
.
G.2.14 SAR ,
. ,
,
.
G.2.15 , SAR, :
.

.

;
.
, ,

,
, , (GPS)
.
,
, . ,
SAR,
,
(ELT), (EPIRB), ,
, SAR (SART).
.
( ) RCC RSC,
SAR. SAR, ,
,

G-4
G.

. ,
/- 16 (156,8 )
/- 121,5 123,1 . SAR
/
SAR
,
. , RCC
/ - ,
. -
-
, .
SOLAS
.
. ,

, SAR
.
. SAR
, , , :
;
;
, , , ,
;
/-, , ,
.. ;

;
;

;
, ,
;
;
;
;
.

G.3
G.3.1 , SAR ,
:
,
;
;
, ;
,
,
, , ,
, , ,
, .
G.3.2
SAR. SAR

. ,

G-5
G.

RCC , GMDSS, ,
VTS , 2 ,
, ,
. , , ,

, .
(Amver).
. Amver ,
, .

.

Amver .
Amver RCC ,
,
- . Amver ,
RCC .
Amver , ,
( )
,

.
, Amver
, ,
Amver, ,
.
G.3.3
,
.
,
( ) . SMC
,
, ,
.
G.3.4 SAR .


/ RB

RV

. ,
RB(14) RV(10).
G.3.5 , ,
, , .
, SAR, ,
, , ,
, .
. ,
, , ,
,
. ,
SAR, .

G-6
G.

G.3.6 SAR :
,
-
;
; SAR ,
;
, ,
, .
G.3.7 (,
, -
),
. SAR ,
, , ,
(. G.3.9 ).
G.3.8 ,
,
,
.

,
. ,
, :
, 55 150 / (3080 ).

, -
;
, ,
. -

, ,
.
, ,
- .
G.3.9 , SAR, :
.
, .
, SAR,
,

.
. SAR
SAR.
RCC, RSC SAR.
SAR
, ,
. RCC
/ /. SAR
/
SAR
,
. RCC
/ - ,
. -

, .
SOLAS
. 2.

G-7
G.

. SAR
G.2.12 . ,
, ;
.
:
:
;
, ;
, , ;
, , /
;
:
, ( );
;
/-, , ,
, ;
.

G.4
G.4.1 SAR :
;
, ;
,
.
G.4.2 . :
, ..;
- , ,
;
;
.

G.5
G.5.1 SAR :
(, );
(, ,
);
,

, :
;
;
, ,
;
, ;
- - ;
( );
, ,
, , , ,

G-8
G.

, , , ,
;
, ,

.
G.5.2
.
: (PRU), (MRU),
- (USAR),
(CRU) (DRU). USAR
- .
G.5.3 ,
,
.
, -
, ,
, .
G.5.4

.
, , ,
, ,
, . ,
, ,
, . ,
, , , ,
, .
G.5.5 :
.
,
:
(1:50000 1:100000);
;
.

,
GPS .
.
RCC ,
. (
)
SAR.
.
2.
.
,
23 , ,
.
,
:
;
, , , , ;
;
;

G-9
G.

, ;
, ,

;
.
G.5.6 ,
, , :
(PRU)
, ,
, :
;
;
;
;
(MRU)
, , , , ;
-
,
,
;
(CRU)
, , ;
(DRU)
:
;
, ;
;
, ,
.

G.6
G.6.1 "" .
.
, . ,
.
:
,
, , ,
. , .
: /,
( ),
, , ,
.
: ,
, , ,
.

G-10
G.

: , , , , ,
, ,
.
: ,
, , , ,
.
: , ,
, , , , , , , ,
, ,
.
G.6.2 ,
SRU, - .
,
,
.
G.6.3
.
, ,
.

:
: , -
;
: , ;
: ;
: ,
, , ,
, .
:
: ;
: , ;
:
.
:
: ;
: , ,
,
, ;
: , .

-
:
: , ;
: , ,
,
.
:
: .

G.6.4 , , :
: , .

G-11
G.

: ,
, , (), , .
,
: ( , ), , ,
, , .
.

G.7
G.7.1 ,
, ,
( )
.
G.7.2
,
:
: .
: .
: .
: , , , , .
G.7.3 ,
. G-1.

G-1

G-12
H


SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-1
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-3
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-4
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . H-6
SAR / . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -8
SAR . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -9

H-i
H.

SAR Briefing and Debriefing Form


SAR
Briefing
SAR ( ): ___________________ SAR: ___________________________________________
: _________________________________________ Date: ___________________________________________
:_________ SRU: ___________ A/C Type & Number: _____________ Unit: ____________
: __________________________________ Captain: ________________________________________
Details as to nature of distress or emergency: ___________
: ____________________________ _______________________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
: Description of Search Object: _______________________
(1) : ________ (1) Type of aircraft or vessel: ____________________
(2) : ________________ (2) Number or name of craft: ____________________
(3) __________________________________ (3) Length: __________________________________
( ): __________________ Width (Wing-Span): ________________________
(4) : _________________________ (4) Number on board: __________________________
(5) , (5) Full description of craft, including colour and
: markings:
_______________________________________ ________________________________________
_______________________________________ ________________________________________
_______________________________________ ________________________________________
(6) : (6) Frequencies of missing craft: _________________
___________________________________________ _________________________________________

Assigned Search Areas


: _______________________________________ Area: ___________________________________________
: ____________________________________ Type of Search: __________________________________
. / ___________________________ Altitude/Vis: _____________________________________
: ____________________ Time on Task: ___________________________________
(.): _________________ Commence Search at (Posn): _______________________
(N-S)(E-W) ________________________ and track (N-S)(E-W) ______________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
: Frequencies:
(1) : _________________________ (1) Controlling Agency: _____________________________
(2) : ____________________________ (2) Aircraft: ______________________________________
(3) : _____________________ (3) Surface Vessels: _______________________________
(4) : _____________________________ (4) Others: ______________________________________

Progress Reports
(): ______________________________ To be passed to:________________
___________ every______hours with weather report included every
________ . ______________hours.
: Special Instructions:
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________

H-1
H.

Debriefing
SAR: ________________________________ SAR: __________________________________________
: ____________________________________ A/C No.: ________________________________________
: Date: __________________________________________
: _____________________________ Point of Departure: ________________________________
: _________________________________ Point of Landing: _________________________________
: _________________________ Time Off: _______________________________________
: __________ : _____ On Task: ___________ Off Task:_____________________
_________________________________ Landed: ________________________________________
: ________________ Area Actually Searched: ___________________________
_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________
: ___________________________________ Type of Search: __________________________________
. /: _________________________ Altitude/Vis: _____________________________________
: __________ Terrain or Sea State: ______________________________
- : __________________________ Number of Observers: _____________________________
(, Weather Conditions in Search Area (Vis, Wind velocity,
, ..): ______ Ceiling, etc.): ____________________________________
_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________

. : _______ Object of Search: (located) at Position: _______________


_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________

- : ___________ Number and Condition of Survivors: __________________


_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________

/ : __ Sightings and/or other reports:_______________________


_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________

: ( / - Telecommunications: (Note quality of communications and/or


) ___ any changes other than briefed) _____________________
_____________________________________________ ______________________________________________
_____________________________________________ _______________________________________________
: ( , Remarks: (To include any action taken on search, any
, , , problems, criticism, suggestions) _____________________
) _________________________________ ______________________________________________
______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
__________________ ______________________ _______________ ____________________
/ () Date/Time (Local) Captain

H-2
H.

Abbreviated SAR Briefing and Debriefing Form


SAR

___________________________________ Briefing ________________________________________


SAR ( ): ___________________ SAR: __________________________________________
: _________________________________________ Date: __________________________________________
: ________________________________ A/C Type and Number: _________________________
: __________________________________ Captain: _____________________________________
: __________________________________ Take Off Time: ________________________________
: __________________________________ Search Area: __________________________________
_____________________________________________ _______________________________________________
_____________________________________________ _______________________________________________
. : _____________________________ Search Height: ________________________________
: ________________________________ Scanning Range: ______________________________
: ____________________________________ Type of Search: _________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
: ____________________________________ Remarks: ____________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
Debriefing _____________________________________
: _________________ Area Actually Searched: _________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
: ________________________________ Search Time: _________________________________
: ______________________________ Transit Time: __________________________________
: ________________________ % Effectiveness of Search: ________________________ %
. : __________________________ % Percent of Area Covered: _______________________ %
: ____________________________________ Remarks: ____________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________
______________________________________________ _______________________________________________

H-3
H.

SAR Briefing and Tasking Form Marine


SAR

1. :_______________________________ 1. DTG. _______________________________________


2. SAR ( )_________________ 2. SAR (Incident Name) __________________________
3. : _____________________________ 3. Search Object: _______________________________
(a) : (// (a) Type: (Aircraft/Vessel/Other - Delete as necessary)
) ___________________ ________________________________________
(b) : ______________________________ (b) Name: __________________________________
(c) ____________________________ (c) Registration: _____________________________
(d) _________________________________ (d) Tonnage: ________________________________
(e) : (, , , (e) Description: (Colour, markings, superstructure,
) ________________________ characteristics) ____________________________
_______________________________________ ________________________________________
_______________________________________ ________________________________________
(f) //: ______________ (f) Owner/Operator/Agent: _____________________
_______________________________________ ________________________________________
(g) : _______________________ (g) .O.B.: __________________________________
(h) - (h) Emergency equipment carried: _______________
: _________________________________ ________________________________________
_______________________________________ ________________________________________
4. 4. Nature of Distress or Emergency (brief description): __
( ): _________________________ ___________________________________________
__________________________________________ ___________________________________________
5. : 5. Search Area:
(a) (. .): _______ (a) Area corner points (Lat. & Long.): _____________
(b) CSP ( ): _______________ (b) CS (commence search point): ______________
(c) : ________ (c) Direction of creep: _________________________
(d) : ___________ (d) Requested coverage factor: _________________
(e) : ___ (e) Requested track spacing: ___________________
_______________________________________ ________________________________________
(f) : __________________ (f) Requested search pattern: __________________
6. SAR, - 6. Other SAR facilities to be engaged in adjacent areas
:
/. : _________________ Aircraft/Height: _______________________________
: ______________________________ Vessels: ____________________________________
: __________________ Land arties: ________________________________

H-4
H.

7. , 7. Frequencies and callsigns to be used for


: communication with:
(a) RCC/MRSC/ARSC/OSC/ (a) RCC/MRSC/ARSC/OSC/(Delete as necessary):
( ): ___________________ _________________________________________
(b) : _________ (b) Other search aircraft: ________________________
(c) : ___________ (c) Other search vessels: _______________________
(d) : _______________ (d) Land parties: ______________________________
(e) , (e) Ship or craft in distress/survivors ______________
/ : ____________
8. 8. Action on sighting the search object (delete as
( ): necessary):
(): ____________________________ Reort to: ____________________________________
If unable to effect rescue, direct other vessels and/or
/ aircraft to the scene.
.
, Remain on-scene until relieved or forced to return or
- rescue has been effected.

.
9. 9. Progress reorts should be assed to ______________
(): _____________________________________ ____________________________________________

_________________________ . every __________________________________ hours.

10. : 10. Special Instructions:

H-5
H.

Sighting Reort Form


__________________________________ CASE NUMBER __________________________________


, ____ NAME OF ERSON REORTING ___________________
______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
________________________________________ ADDRESS ______________________________________
_____________________________________ TELEHONE ____________________________________
_________________________________ OCCUATION ___________________________________
_________ DESCRITION OF SIGHTING ______________________
______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
_________________________ TIME OF SIGHTING ______________________________
________________________________ LOCAL DATE ____________________________________
______________ ___________________ TYE ____________ COLOUR _____________________
__________________________________ TRIM __________________________________________
...
_______________________ FOR AIRCRAFT__________________________________
// ______________________ WHEELS/FLOATS/SKIS ___________________________
/ _______ HIGH/LOW WING ________________________________
________ NUMBER OF ENGINES ________ DID ENGINES SOUND
___________ NORMAL _______________________________________
. _____________________ AARENT HEIGHT ______________________________
________________________________ DIRECTION _____________________________________
? __________________________________ TURNING? _____________________________________
_______ OTHER A/C SIGHTED ____________________________
______________ ________________ TYE _____________ DESCRITION _______________
_______________________________________ TIME___________________________________________
______ ARACHUTES SIGHTED __________________________
/ ____________________________ NUMBER/COLOUR _______________________________
_________________ DO A/C ASS REGULARLY ________________________
. . .....
_________________________ FOR VESSELS __________________________________
_________________________________ HULL TYE _____________________________________
_________________________________ SUERSTRUCTURE _____________________________
/ _______________ ENGINES/SAILS _____________________ DID ENGINES
___________ SOUND NORMAL ________________________________
___________________________ LOCATION ______________________________________
________________________________ DIRECTION _____________________________________

H-6
H.

TURNING? ______________________________________
? ___________________________________ OTHER VESSELS SIGHTED ________________________

________________________________ TYE _____________ DESCRITION ________________
________________ _______________ TIME ___________________________________________
________________________________________ ...
. WEATHER AT TIME OF SIGHTING __________________
_______________________________________________

________________________________ RAINING/SNOWING________ THUNDER STORM ______
/ __________ _________________ WIND/SEA STATE ________________________________
/ ______________________ REMARKS_______________________________________
___________________________________ ...
. DATE/TIME RECEIVED __________ BY ______________
/ ________ __________ RECEIVED DIRECT OR RELAYED ___________________

_______________________________ ASSESSED VALIDITY OF REORT __________________
__________ ACTION TAKEN __________________________________
_________________

H-7
H.

SAR /

SAR: __________________________________________________________________________
: ______________________________________________________________________________________
SAR, : __________________________________________________

( . ,
, , , /
, , , . .).
( ,
, , . .,
/ . ,
. .
).
( ,
, . . ,
, ).
(, . .).

SAR
SM
SAR

H-8
H.

SAR SAR Operation Report


( SAR) TITLE (SAR CASE IDENTIFICATION)
I. PART I SEARCH OBJECT DETAILS
( , (Equipment on board, location of incident,
, intended route with timings, nature of
, emergency, weather, etc)
, . .)

II. SAR PART II DETAILS OF SAR OPERATION


1. RCC 1. RCC ACTION
. a. Brief narrative of initial actions from log.
.
b. SAR, b. SAR facilities tasked, response times.
.
. c. Basic assumptions regarding the search object.
.
2. 2. SEARCH OPERATION
. . a. Rationale for the search plan.
b. . b. Explanation of any changes to the search plan.
. c. Brief outline of each days search activities including
, , areas covered, SAR facilities used and general
SAR . weather.
d. , d. If search object is found, a complete explanation of
, how to include type of SAR facilities, the position in
SAR, the facility of the sighting observer, whether the
, observer was trained, facility altitude and/or
, , distance from the target, the phase of flight, time of
/ day, search conditions, distress beacon details, etc.
, , ,
,
. .
. , e. If search object not found, why (in general terms).
( ).
3. 3. RESCUE OPERATION
. . a. Condition of survivors.
b. SAR. b. SAR facilities used.
. . c. Evacuation details.
d. , d. Problems encountered, if any.
.

III. / PART III TERMINATION/SUSPENSION



1. (/, 1. SEARCH OBJECT LOCATED (Date/time, location,
, , , survivors, fatalities, missing etc.)
. .).
2. ( 2. SEARCH SUSPENDED (Authority for suspension,
, , survivors, fatalities, missing, etc.)
, . .).

H-9
H.

IV. / PART IV CONCLUSIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS


1. SM. 1. SMC CONCLUSIONS
2. SM ( 2. SMC RECOMMENDATIONS (May include
, recommendations to Government departments,
, . . agencies, private companies, etc. to help prevent similar
incidents or accidents in the future.)
).
3. RCC. 3. RCC CHIEF REMARKS
4. SAR. 4. SAR CO-ORDINATOR REMARKS

ATTACHMENTS
1. . 1. Weather reports.
2. , 2. Sighting reports.
.
3. SAR. 3. SAR maps.
4. SRU ( / 4. SRU utilization (flying/steaming hours).
).
5. . 5. List of objects recovered.
6. ( ). 6. Photographs (if applicable).

DISTRIBUTION LIST
SM SMCs
SAR SAR managers
SC SCs
International Authorities

H-10
I
SITRE
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-1
RCC RSC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-6
( MAREC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I-9

I-i
I. SITRE

Situation Report Formats and Examples


(SITRE) Situation Reports (SITREPs) are used to pass information
SAR. about a particular SAR incident. RCCs use them to keep
RCC other RCCs, RSCs, and appropriate agencies informed of
RCC, RSC , cases which are of immediate or potential interest. The
OSC uses SITREPs to keep the SMC aware of mission
. events. Search facilities use SITREPs to keep the OSC
OSC SITRE informed of mission progress. The OSC addresses
, SMC SITREPs only to the SMC unless otherwise directed. The
. SMC may address SITREPs to as many agencies as
SITRE necessary, including other RCCs and RSCs, to keep them
OSC informed. SITREPs prepared by an SMC usually include a
. summary of information received from OSCs. Often a short
OSC SITRE SITREP is used to provide the earliest notice of a casualty
SMC. SMC or to pass urgent details when requesting assistance. A
SITRE , more complete SITREP is used to pass amplifying
, RCC information during SAR operations. Initial SITREPs should
RSC. SMC be transmitted as soon as some details of an incident
SITRE , become clear and should not be delayed unnecessarily for
OSC. confirmation of all details.



SITRE. SITRE

SAR.
SITRE

,
.
SAR, For SAR incidents where pollution or threat of pollution
exists as a result of a the casualty, the appropriate agency
, tasked with environmental protection should be an
SITRE information addressee on SITREPs.
,
.

SITRE International SITREP Format


SITRE A SITREP format has been adopted internationally which is
intended for use, along with the standard codes found on
, , page I-6, for international communications between RCCs.
I-6,
RCC.

Short form To pass urgent essential details when


requesting assistance, or to provide the earliest notice of
casualty, the following information should be provided:

:
(/ TRANSMISSION (Distress/urgency)
)
(UTC ) DATE AND TIME (UTC or Local Date Time Group)

: ( RCC, FROM: (Originating RCC)


)
: TO:
SITRE SAR ( SAR SITREP (To indicate nature of
() (NUMBER) message and
SITRE, ompleteness of
) sequence of SITREPs
concerning the casualty)

I-1
I. SITRE

A. - (, , A. IDENTITY (Name call sign, flag state)


OF CASUALTY
- )

B. - (/) B. POSITION (Latitude/longitude)


C. ( , , - C. SITUATION (Type of message, e.g.,


/ - distress/urgency; date/time; nature of
; /; distress/urgency, e.g., fire, collision,
/ , medico)
, , ,

)

D. D. NUMBER OF PERSONS

E. E. ASSISTANCE REQUIRED

F. RCC, F. CO-ORDINATING RCC

Full form To pass amplifying or updating information


- during SAR operations, the following additional sections
, , should be used as necessary:
:

G. ( , - G. DESCRIPTION (Physical description,


/, OF CASUALTY owner/charterer, cargo carried,
, /, - passage from/to, life saving
) equipment carried)

H. (, /- H. WEATHER (Wind, sea/swell state, air/sea


, ON SCENE temperature visibility, cloud
/ , - cover/ceiling, barometric
, / - pressure)
, -
)

J. ( J. INITIAL (By casualty and RCC)


RCC) ACTIONS TAKEN

K. ( RCC) K. SEARCH AREA (As planned by RCC)

L. ( L. CO-ORDINATING (OSC designated, units


OSC, - INSTRUCTIONS participating,
, communications)
)

M. M. FUTURE PLANS

N. ( - N. ADDITIONAL (Include time SAR operation


SAR) INFORMATION terminated)

. Notes.
(1) SITRE, (1) Each SITREP concerning the same casualty should
, be numbered sequentially.
.

I-2
I. SITRE

(2) , (2) If help is required from the addressee, the first


SITRE SITREP should be issued in short form if remaining
, information is not readily available
.
(3) , (3) When time permits, the full form may be used for the
SITRE first SITREP, or to amplify it.

.
(4) SITRE (4) Further SITREPs should be issued as soon as other
relevant information has been obtained. Information
. already passed should not be repeated.
.
(5) - (5) During prolonged operations, "no change" SITREPs,
when appropriate, should be issued at intervals of
SITRE about 3 hours to reassure recipients that nothing has
" ", been missed.
,
.
(6) - (6) When the incident is concluded, a final SITREP is be
issued as confirmation.
SITRE.
SITRE - Example SITREP International Format

DISTRESS
152230Z 96 152230Z SEP 96
: RCC -, FROM RCC LA GUIRA VENEZUELA
: SANJUANSARCOORD, -, TO SANJUANSARCOORD SAN JUAN PUERTO
- RICO
BT BT
SITRE SAR SAR SITREP ONE
A. N999EJ () A. N999EJ (US)
B. 14-20N 064-20W B. 14-20N 064-20W
C. /152200Z/ C. DISTRESS/152200Z/AIRCRAFT DITCHING

D. 4 D. 4
E. SANJUANSARCOORD E. REQUEST SANJUANSARCOORD ASSUME
SMC SMC AND CONDUCT SEARCH
F. RCC -, F. RCC LA GUIRA VENEZUELA
G. III/ G. CESSNA CITATION III/EXECUTIVE JETS, INC,
., , / - MIAMI, FL/ ORIGINATOR VERIFIED AIRCRAFT ON
, VFR FLIGHT PLAN DEPARTED PORT OF SPAIN
TRINIDAD 152100Z EN ROUTE AGUADILLA,
-- PUERTO RICO/8 PERSON LIFERAFT WITH
, 152100Z - CANOPY AND SURVIVAL SUPPLIES/FLARES
, -/8 ,
-
/

H. - H. WEATHER ON SCENE UNKNOWN

J. J. AIRCRAFT ISSUED MAYDAY BROADCAST ON 121.5
"" 121,5 , MHZ WHICH WAS HEARD BY AIR FRANCE 747. PILOT
"-747" OF DISTRESS AIRCRAFT GAVE POSITION, STATED
" ". BOTH ENGINES FLAMED OUT AND DESCENDING
THROUGH 5000 FEET WITH INTENTIONS TO DITCH.
, ,

5000

.
K. K. NO SEARCH ASSETS AVAILABLE
BT BT

I-3
I. SITRE

SITRE Alternate SITREP Format

SITRE, Another SITREP format, in common use in certain SAR


SAR. regions, is presented below. This format uses four main
paragraphs and a subject line to convey all essential
, information.
.
- ( Identification (The subject line contains the phase of the
, - emergency, SITREP number, a one or two-
SITRE, word description of the emergency, and
, identification of the unit sending the SITREP.
, SITREPs are numbered sequentially
, SITRE. throughout the entire case. When an OSC is
relieved on scene, the new OSC continues the
SITRE . SITREP numbering sequence.)
OSC

OSC
.)
( , , Situation (A description of the case, the conditions that
, - affect the case, and any amplifying information
, . that will clarity the problem. After the first
SITRE - SITREP, only changes to the original reported
situation need be included.)

.)
- ( , - Action Taken (A report of all action taken since the last
, report, including results of such action. When
. an unsuccessful search has been conducted,
the report includes the areas searched, a
, measure of effort such as sorties flown and
, , hours searched, and the track spacing actually
, achieved.)
,
.)
( , Future Plans (A description of actions planned for future
, , , execution including any recommendations
, - and, if necessary, a request for additional
.) assistance.)
( - Status of Case (This is used only on the final SITREP to
, indicate that the case is closed or that search
is suspended pending further developments.)
.)
SITRE - Example SITREP - Alternate Format

160730Z 96 160730Z SEP 96


: COGARD AIRSTA - FROM COGARD AIRSTA BORINQUEN PUERTO RICO
: SANJUANSARCOORD -, - TO SANJUANSARCOORD SAN JUAN PUERTO RICO
BT BT
: SITRE SUBJ: DISTRESS SITREP ONE, N999EJ DITCHED, AIRSTA
, N999EJ BQN UCN 96-078
, AIRSTA UCN 96-078
A. SANJUANSARCOORD -, - A. SANJUANSARCOORD SAN JUAN PR 160010Z SEP 96
160010Z 96
1. : CGNR 1740 1. SITUATION: CGNR 1740 COMPLETED FLARE SEARCH
A-1 OF AREA A-1 WITH NEGATIVE RESULTS. O/S WX:
. CEILING 2000 OVC, NUMEROUS RAIN SHOWERS,
: VISIBILITY 3NM, SEAS 200T/6-8FT, WINDS 180T/30KTS.
2000
, ,
3 ., 200T/6-8 , 180T/30 .

I-4
I. SITRE

2. : 2. ACTION TAKEN:
A. 151905Q RCC A. 151905Q INFORMED BY RCC OF DITCHED AIRCRAFT
IN POSIT 14-20N 064-20W. DIRECTED TO LAUNCH READY
14-20N 064-20W. C-130.
C-130.
B. 1955Q CGNR 1740 , B. 1955Q CGNR 1740 AIRBORNE, CDR PETERMAN.
.
C. 2120Q CGNR 1740 C. 2120Q CGNR 1740 O/S POSIT 13-50N 064-20W.
13-50N 064-20W. COMMENCED VECTOR SEARCH, 30NM LEGS, FIRST LEG
, 180T, ALTITUDE 1500 FEET, TAS 150KTS.
30.,
180T*, 1500 , TAS
150 .
D. 2135Q CGNR 1740 D. 2135Q CGNR 1740 INSERTED DATUM MARKER BUOY
- , 14-20N 064- IN POSIT 14-20N 064-20W.
20W.
E. 2310Q CGNR 1740 E. 2310Q CGNR 1740 COMPLETED FIRST VS PATTERN,
, COMMENCED SECOND VECTOR SEARCH FIRST LEG
, 150T.
150T.
F. 160100Q CGNR 1740 . F. 160100Q CGNR 1740 COMPLETED SECOND SEARCH.
G. 0120Q CGNR 1740 G. 0120Q CGNR 1740 RELOCATED DMB IN POSIT 14-22N
DMB 14-22N 064-17W. DEPARTED SCENE.
064-17W. .
H. 0230Q CGNR 1740 H. 0230Q CGNR 1740 LANDED BORINQUEN.
.
3. : CGNR 1742 0645Q 3. FUTURE PLANS: LAUNCH CGNR 1742 AT 0645Q FOR
B-1. SEARCH OF AREA B-1.
BT BT

____________
* T (T)
. (. .)

I-5
I. SITRE

Code of Standard Phrases


RCC RSC for Use Between RCCs and RSCs
RJA , RJA Confirm you are controlling SAR action

RJB RJB I am controlling SAR action
RJC , RJC Casualty reported to me:
:
1 - 4 1 overdue 4 aground
2 sinking 5 taking water
2 5 3 on fire 6 requiring tow
3 6
RJD : RJD Cargo is:
1 1 dangerous
2 2 not dangerous
3 3 oil
RJE RJE Casualty carries . . . (number of persons on board)
. . . ( )

1 . . . () 1 . . . (number) lifeboats
2 . . . () 2 . . . (number) life-rafts

RJF RJF Casualty name, call-sign and flag State as indicated


,

1 / 1 Owners/agents as indicated

RJG RJG MAYDAY/PAN PAN broadcast has been initiated by ...


""/"-" (MAYDAY/AN AN) (call-sign of Coast Radio Station)
... ( )
RJH / RJH Following rescue/search craft are/have been launched
/ :
1 . . . (), 1 Surface vessel . . . (call-sign) ETA on-scene . . .

...
2 SAR . . . (), 2 SAR helicopter . . . (call-sign) ETA on-scene . . .

...
3 SAR . . . () , 3 SAR aircraft . . . (call-sign) ETA on-scene . . .

. . .
RJI () SAR RJI SAR craft (as indicated) can be made available from
. . . () . . . () . . . (location) at . . . (time)

RJJ () SAR RJJ SAR craft (as indicated) cannot be made available until
. . . () . . . (time)

RJK SAR RJK Number of SAR craft available at this time is . . .


. . . () (number)

RJL () RJL Can you make SAR craft (as indicated) available now
() SAR ? or in near future

RJM SAR, RJM Request details of SAR craft that can be made
, available including ETA on-scene

RJN SAR . . . () RJN SAR craft . . . (call-sign) is returning to base

1 . . . (), 1 Will be replaced by . . . (call-sign) ETA ...



...
2 2 Will not be replaced
RJO . . . RJO Designated Co-ordinator Surface Search is ...
() (call-sign)

I-6
I. SITRE

RJ OSC . . . () RJP Designated OSC is . . . (call-sign)


RJQ RJQ Following vessels are in area searching/ /standing by
/ casualty . . . (call-signs)
. . . ()
RJR . . . () RJR Search datum is . . . (lat) . . . (long)
. . . ()
1 . . . 1 New search datum is . . . (lat) . . . (long)
() . . . ()
RJS RJS Search area is bounded by . . . (lat) . . . (long)
. . . () . . . ()
1 1 New search area is bounded by (. . .)
(. . .)
RJT SAR / RJT SAR aircraft is/was over casualty and indicates no sign
of life
-

RJU SAR / RJU SAR aircraft is/was over casualty and indicates . . .
(number) survivors sighted
. . . ()

RJV . . . () RJV Survivors have taken to . . . (number) life-raft(s)
( )
RJW . . . () RJW At what time will . . . (call-sign) be on-scene
?
RJX ( ) RJX (Not assigned)
RJY ( ) RJY (Not assigned)
RJZ ( ) RJZ (Not assigned)
RKA SAR . . . () RKA SAR helicopter . . . (call-sign) will be in position to
. . . () attempt rescue at . . . (time)
RKB . . . . () RKB Rescue attempt successful. . . . (number) survivors
up-lifted and being taken to . . . (location)
. . . ()
RKC . RKC Rescue attempt unsuccessful. Will make further
attempt shortly
RKD . . . . () RKD Rescue attempt unsuccessful. . . . (call-sign) does not
intend to make further attempt at this time because of
conditions, endurance, other reasons not known
, ,

RKE RKE Further rescue attempt will be made when conditions
, . . . improve or at . . . (time)
()
RKF ? RKF How many survivors are there
1 , , 1 Number of survivors recovered is . . . (number)
. . . ()
RKG ? RKG How many missing persons
1 . . . 1 Number of missing persons is . . . (number)
()
RKH . . . () , RKH . . . (number) bodies located in position . . .
. . .

RKI . . . () , RKI . . . (number) life-rafts located in position . . .


. . .

I-7
I. SITRE

RKJ . . . () , RKJ . . . (number) survivors located in position . . .


. . .
RKK ... () , RKK . . . (number) survival craft located with no sign of life
, has/have been sunk to avoid confusion
,
RKL ... () , RKL . . . (number) survival craft located by . . . (call-sign)
- has/have been sunk after recovery of . . . . (number)
. . . (), . . . survivors
()
RKM , . . . RKM All survival craft located and . . . (number) survivors
() recovered
RKN . RKN All survival craft located. No survivors

RKO ? RKO For how long do you intend to continue search
RK , RKP Consider search should continue for:
:
1 1 survivors
2 2 bodies
3 3 wreckage
4 4 survival craft
RKQ ( ) RKQ (Not assigned)
RKR , RKR Do not consider further search can be of any benefit
-
RKS RKS Intend continuing search
RKT , . . . RKT Do not expect search to continue after . . . (time)
()
RKU RKU Incident is now closed

RKV "" RKV Cancel MAYDAY or PAN PAN message
(MAYDAY) "-" (AN AN)
RKW . . . RKW Intend transferring control of incident to . . . (call-sign)
( , )
RKX ( ) RKX (Not assigned)
RKY ( ) RKY (Not assigned)
RKZ ( ) RKZ (Not assigned)

I-8
I. SITRE


( MAREC)

1.
, ,
SAR .

2. MAREC :

1
2

3. MAREC,
, RCC.

4. , ,
. ,
UNK () , , NA (), ,
, .

1.

MAREC

A.

B.

C.

D.

E.

F.

G.

A. ,

TLX/RTG
AX
FERRY
TANK
BULK
GEN
COAST
FISH
CONT
SEC

I-9
I. SITRE

(,
, ).

: , , "
",

TLX/RTG: A// /FLYING DRAGON, CGHI

B. :

, -
, .

: , ,

TLX/RTG: B/ /

C.

1, 2 3 .

- (
) :

I-10
I. SITRE

: , ,
TLS/RTG: C/12/3

D.
(
), .
:

: TLX/RTG:
M
K
F
C
G

, ,
, . ,
( ),
.

I-11
I. SITRE

: , , , ,

TLX/RTG: D/M K M F

E.

(LOA), .

.
, 10 , .

: ,

TLX/RTG: E/LOA 20

F.

: TLX/RTG:

LIGHT
BALL
ART
LOAD

: ,

TLX/RTG: F/ART

G.

, , ,
, ,
,
.
.

: ,

TLX/RTG: G/

I-12
I. SITRE

: MAREC, 5/76 RCC


, , ,
, ,
, ,
, , , , ,
,
,
,
TLX/RTG: MAREC 5/76 RCC
A/GEN//ESDC
B/ /
C/1/3/
D/M K M M F
E/LOA 85
F/
G/NA

2.


:
MAREC
A. /

B.
C.
D.
E.
F.
G.
H.
I.

A. / , ,

: TLX/RTG:
, MOTO
, MOTC
, MOTFC
ROW
, SAILO
, SAILC
, SAILFC
- MOTSAIL
INFLAT

I-13
I. SITRE

CAT
TRI

,
, . ""
, , , ,
.

: , , , , ,
,

TLX/RTG: A/MOTC/CAT/LUCKY LADY/NAVIS 13/

B.

: , , :

TLX/RTG: B// :
/S138

C.

.

: TLX/RTG:
, OUTB

"" OUTB 2
"" OUTB 3

INB

, AQUA

"" AQUA 2

I-14
I. SITRE

( )
, - ,
.
( .)

: TLX/RTG:

JIB

SRI

GAFF

LUG

LAT

SLOO

I-15
I. SITRE

: TLX/RTG:

JUNK

YAWL

KETCH

SCHON

1:
: , ,
TLX/RTG: C/OUTB 2
2:
: ,
TLX/RTG: C/SLOO
D.

, : ,
.
. , ,
.

I-16
I. SITRE

: , (GR). ,
.

: , , ,

TLX/RTG: D/ /GR/

E.

: TLX/RTG:

STR

CLI

"" FALL

() FLAT

I-17
I. SITRE

: TLX/RTG:

() SQUARE

SHAR

"" CAN

TRANS

NTRANS

: , "" , ""

TLX/RTG: E/FALL/CAN

I-18
I. SITRE

F.

: TLX/RTG:

V- VBOT

FLAT

ROUND

RIB

KEEL

(

"" FIN

CB

I-19
I. SITRE

: ,

TLX/RTG: F/RIB

G.

(LOA), .

: ,

TLX/RTG: G/LOA 20

H.

,
, , .

: ,

TLX/RTG: H/

I.

: ,

TLX/RTG: I/3

I-20
I. SITRE

:
MAREC 7/76, RCC
, , , , ,
,
,
, , ,
, "" , ()
, V-
,
,
,

TLX/RTG:
MAREC 7/76 RCC
A/MOTC/GALANT/NAVIS 13/
B/SOLOE/25
C/INB
D/ /GR/
E/FALL/SQUARE
F/VBOT
G/LOA 7,5
H/
I/UNK

I-21
I. SITRE

MAREC 8/76, RCC


, , , , ,
, , :

,
, , ,
, "" ,
,
,
,
,

TLX/RTG:

A/SAILC/ARABESQUE/NAVIS 12/
B/VIVO 20/OR S 235
C/SLOO
D/ , /
E/FALL/NTRANS
F/KEEL
G/LOA 8
H/
I/2

I-22
J

J.1
J.1.1 ,
. ,
,

. SAR
.
(a) , SAR
, ,
, ,
..
. ,
. ,
SAR , .
(b) (MTTSI)
, SAR
. MTTSI , SAR
,
, -
(,
) . ,
,
, .
" ".
J.1.2 ,
. ,
. ,
. ,
, ,
, .

J.2
J.2.1 ,
SAR.
J-1. , , ,
:
(a) ()
SAR () , SAR
.
(b) (AB).
,
SAR.
(c) 90
().
(d) , ,
,
X.
(e) 90
SAR C (BD).

J-1
J.

(f) , SAR
, ,
Y.
(g) X Y . , ,
().
(h) , ,

.

J.3
J.3.1 ,
SAR.
J-2. , , ,
:
(a) ()
SAR () , SAR
.
(b) ().
.
(c) 90 SAR
(BD).
(d) , SAR
, ,
X.
(e) 90
(AE) , BD.
(f) , ,
,
Y.
(g) X Y F.
.
(h) , ,

.

J-2
J.

J.4 : 1 ( /)
J.4.1 ,
SAR,
( ) ( ) .
(GS)
SAR, , SAR
. ( ,
, SAR
,
(MTTSI), J.7.).
J-3. , ,
, :
(a) ()
SAR () , SAR
.
(b) (AB).
(c)
(AC).
(d)
, ,
(TAS ) ( ),
X.
(e) ,
X (XY).
(f) SAR
, ,
, ,
(W).
. ,

,
,
.
(g) SAR
/
SAR.
, ,
(D).
(h) , ,

(B).

J-3
J.

J-3. : 1( )

J.5 : 2 ( /)
J.5.1 ,
, SAR
, ( )
( ) . (GS)
SAR,
, SAR
. ( ,
, SAR ,
(MTTSI),
J.7.).
(. J-4):
(a) ()
SAR (B).
,
(C) (D).
, 10 ,
. ,
(DR),
( ) .
(b) (LCB).
() D LCB, .

J-4. : 2 ( )

J-4
J.

(d) : SAR
(BF), .
: ,
.
(e) LCB , SAR (TAS
, ),
/ (F). (F) ,
SAR LCB (G).
, SAR.
(f) , SAR (B) (G),
SAR.
, ,
().
(g)

SAR () ,
().
,
,
.
(h) SAR
,
.
(DF) .

J.6 : 3 (
)
J.6.1 , SAR ,
,
(MAG) (. J-5):
(a)
SAR 45
.
(b) 45
.
(c) , SAR
,
, .
(d) , SAR ,
,
.
(e)
.

J-5
J.

J.7 (MTTSI)

J.7.1 - ,
- (SAR)
,
. ,
- (SRU)
,
. SRU
. .
SRU , ,
, ,
.
, SRU

, SRU -
. ,
SRU ,
, ,

. , SRU

- .

.


J.7.2 :
(a) SRU ,
.
(b) SRU (
) ,
SRU , , ,
, SRU

. , ,
" (MTTSI)".
(c) ,
,
,
SRU.
(d) SRU
,
.
(e)
SAR .
(f) ,
.

SRU
J.7.3 SRU
,
,
.
SRU

J-6
J.

. ,
4+30 ( ).
10 , 20 ,
4+00
. :

[1]
:
Dmo = SRU ,
Tmo = SRU
,
Va1 = ( ) SRU ,
Va2 = ( ) SRU .

, (TAS)
150 ,
25 , SRU
175 125
. [1],
, 292 ..

SRU
J.7.4
SRU,
:

[2]

:
T0 = ,
D = ( )
,
Vb = .

, ,
, 600
200 , SRU ,
. [2],
, 14
.

. [2] T0
, ,

J-7
J.

, SRU
.
. ,
, ,
,
SRU
,
,
SRU.
SRU
,
, .
SRU
MTTSI ,
SRU.


J.7.5 ,
SRU, ,
SRU,
. :

[3]

Ta1 = , SRU
;
D0 = ( )
, SRU.
, ,
,
SRU 500 . , [3]
, 71 .

. , , -
(SMC)

SRU. ,
,
Amver ,
.
,

.

J-8
K

. . . . . K-1
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-7
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-9
" " (AWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-12
" " (AWA) . . . . . . . . . . . . K-13
" ( )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-15
" ( )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-17
" (ASW)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-21
" " (ASW) . . . . . . . . . . . . K-22
" " (TWC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-24
" " (TWC) . . . . . . . . . . . K-25
" " (WC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-28
" "(WC) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-29
" " (LW) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-31
" " (LW) . . . . . . . . . K-32
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-34
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . K-36

K-i
K.

K.1
K.1.1
SMC
.
.
, ,
.
K.1.2 , , , ,
SMC ,
,

(OC).
, ,
,
, .
,
.
K.1.3
,
SAR. SMC ,
,
.
, .

K.2

K.2.1 , , ,
, SMC
.

, SMC
.
.
()
. N
.
,
- (,
) .

, . ,
, ,
,
.
.

,
K.2.2
, .
, .
(a)
.
-

K-1
K.

,
. ( ,
,
.)
, ,
,
. -
.
(b)
, ..
SMC

. SMC
.
.
(c)
. SMC

. SMC

.
(d)

.
.
K.2.3 , , :
(a) , N,
, ,
,
;
(b) ,
,
, , ;
(c)
, ,
, ,
,
, .
K.2.4 , ,
. ,
, ,
SMC ,

, . ,
,
, , .
,
. ,
, .
, -
, .
K.2.5 , ,
, . ,
K.2.2 (a),
.
(a)
, , ,

K-2
K.

(
, ..
(b) ,
,
.
(c)

, ,
, .
(d) ,
, ,
.
.
(e) , "
" .
" ",
. ,
(De) .
(f)
(E), " (
)", L, .
,
M .


K.2.6 - ,
, ,
.
, , , .
, ,
,
.
, , , ,
.
.
,
( ),
, , .

K.2.7 , ,
,
. ( , ,
-
.)

. -
, ,
, ,
.
, M
.
" ( )",
L.

K-3
K.

,

K.2.8 , ,
, , ,
- ,
, :
(a) 1:
.
(b) 2: ,

.
(c) 3: , ,
, ,
.
, ,
.
K.2.9 , - ,
,
. .
(a)
.

.
OC, ,
.
(b) , -
, . -
-
.
OC,
.
(c) ,
, .
, (, ,
), .

. OC
,
, .
(d) ,
OC 100%.

OC, 100%.

OC (),
() .
M.
" ( )",
L.
K.3


K.3.1 (, ) ,
, .

K-4
K.

,
, , .
(a) .

,
.
.
, .

,
, ,
.
(b) .
.
.
,
,
.
. ,
,
,
() .
" ",
, ,
N.


K.3.2 -
. , ,
.
.
(TWC)
. " ( )"

.
(a) (TWC) .
:
(1) (SC). .
, ,
.
, .
,
.
(,
,
),
.
(2) .
.
, , .
.
(3) . ,
( ) .
(4) (WC).
.
,
, 612
.

K-5
K.

2448 ,
, .

, N-1.
( )
(TWC)
. 4-6 4
TWC .
(b) (LW). ,
,
. .
.

,
.
, ,
, , ,
.
,
N, ,
K.
(c) TWC

TWC, 4-7 4.
().

K-6
K.

" "

: _______________________ : __________________ : ______________________


... : ______________ : _________ : A B C __________
( )
_________________________

A. /
1. / _________________________ Z ____________
2. , _________________________ N/S ______________W/E

B. / (da/)
( , ,
:
. ,
C .)
1. /
( ) (Altmax) _______________
2. /
( ) (Alt min) _______________
3. (Alt Loss = Altmax Altmin) _______________
4. (gr = _______________
/ ) (
N-13 )
5. (TASg) ______________
6. (rated) ((TAS g 101)/gr
) ______________ /
( , N-13)

7. (t d = Alt Loss/rated) ______________

8. (dg =(TASg x td)/60) ______________ .

9. (
.) ______________ *

10. (AWAg)
( " ") __________ _________

11. /
(dd = (td x AWA)/60) __________ _________ .

12. /
(da = dg dd) __________ _________ .

13. / (/ __________ Z _________


+ )

14. , __________ N/S ________ W/E




A.5
" ".

K-7
K.

C. (d) ( )

1. : (LK) LK
(EI) G
(G) EI
( )

2. / __________ Z _________

3. , __________ N/S _________ W/E

4. (Altmax) ___________

5. (Altmin) ___________

6. (Alt Loss = Altmax - Altmin) ___________

7.
(AWA)
(
" ") _________ __________

8. __________ .
(d1) ( N-14)

9. __________ .
(d2) ( N-14)

10.
(d = d1 - d2) _________ __________ .

11. _________Z __________


( + )

12. , _________N/S _________ W/E

K-8
K.


" "

" " c "


" ,
. ,
, .
, :

,
,
, /
( ).
-

(X), ( )
X c "
".

A.

1. / (DTG)
. : 231140Z 96

2. , .

B. / (da/p)

, ,
:
. ,
C .

1. , -
/
/ .
,

( ). (Altmax)

2. -
. -
/
.

. (Altmin)

3. (B.2.)
(B.1.).

4.

, ,
N-13.

K-9
K.

5. -
.



.
.

6.
(B.5.) 101
(B.4.). ( 101

.)

7. (B.3.) (B.6.).

8.
(B.5.) (B.7.)
60,
.

9. .
.

10.
" ",
(B.1.)
(B.2.) .

11. ( ) 180 ( ) -
(B.10.)

.
(B.7.) (B.10.)
60,
.

12. / , -
/
(B.9.)/ (B.8.)
(B.11.).
(B.11.).

13. / (B.7.)
(A.1.).

14. ,
/ (A.2.)
/ (
B.12.).
(B.8.) A.5
"
".
,
,
.

C. (d) ( )

1. ,

/ .

K-10
K.

2. / . :
231150Z 96

3. , .

4. , -
.

5. ,
.

6. (C.5.)
(C.4.).

7.
" ",
(C.4.)
(C.5.) .

8. N-14
(C.4.)
(C.7.) .

9. N-14
(C.5.) (C.7.)
.

10.
.
(C.9.)

(C.8.)
.

11.
N-15 (C.2.).

12. , (C.3.)
(C.10.)
,
.

K-11
K.

" (AWA)"

: _______________________ : ___________________ : ______________________


... : _____________ : _________ : A B C ___________
( )
" (AWA)"



(A) (B) (C) (A x C)

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _______ ________

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _______ ________

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _______ ________

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _______ ________

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _______ ________

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _______ ________

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _______ ________

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _______ ________


_________ ___________ _________
( ) (D) (E) (F)

[(E) (F/D)] AWA __________ __________

K-12
K.


" (AWA)"


.
.

. , , 2000 ,
, , 1000 .

1. -
,
,
, ( ) (
), ,

( , (
) ).

2. " ". -
1000
" ", B.3. C.6.
" ".
.

3. , , -


.

4. -
.
( )
.

5. B.10. C.7. "-


" .

K-13
K.

K-14
K.


" "

: _______________________ : __________________ : ______________________


... : ______________ : _________ : A B C __________
_________________________

A.
1. LK
( ) EI
D
2. / ________ Z ___________
3. , ________ N/S __________ W/E

B.
1. / _________ Z ___________
2. ___________

C. (ASW)
( " " (ASW))
1. (ASW) _________ ____________
2. ,
(ASWDVe) ___________

D. (TWC)
( " "(TWC))
1. (TWC) _________ ____________
2.
(TWCe) ___________

E. (LW)
( " " (LW)
1. ____________ __________
2. ____________ __________
3.
(LWe) ___________

F.

. (. . K-1.)
() ()
1.
___________ ____________
2. _________ ____________
3. , ( F.2 B.2) _________ . ________ .
4.
(DVe). (DVe = ASWDV 2e+TW 2e+LW 2e ) _________ ____________

K-15
K.

G.
,
(DD). (. . K-1b.)
1. , ( ) ____________N/S __________ W/E
2. , ( ) ____________N/S __________ W/E
3. (DD ) ___________ .

H. (E)
(SR) (
" "(E))
1.
(E2) ___________ ..
2.
(E) ___________ .
3. (SR = DD/E) ___________
4. " "

K-16
K.


" ( )"

" " ,
, .
" " .
, A .
A.
1. ,

.
(
?
),
LKP. -
-
, -
,
-
(, , -
/),
EIP.
,
,
PD.
2. / , (DTG)
. : 231200Z 99.
3. ,
.
B.
1. /
/ (DTG).
,
.
2. -
( A.2.) -
( B.1.).
,
( /).
. (ASW)
, C
D.
"
(ASW)"
.
1. (ASW) ( .) ( )
, .2
" (ASW)".
2.
, ,
ASWe (ASWDVe) , .2
" (ASW)".

K-17
K.

D. (TW)
1. (TWC) ( ) (
), .2
.5 "
(TSW)".
2. /
,
(TWCe) .3 .6
" (TWC)"
E. (LW)
1.
( )
( ),
6.
" (LW)".
2. -
( )
( ),
6.b
" (LW)".
3. -
, 7
(LWe) " (LW)".
F.
-
, D.1,
? .1 2.
-
, ,
.
1.
,
D.1,
, .1 .2,
-
. . -1 ,

. -
.
2.
.
3. , ( F.2)
( .2) .
4.
(DVe) -
(DVe = ASWDV 2 e+ TWC 2 e + LW 2e) , -
.2, D.2 .3.
G.
. (. K-1b.)
1. , ( ,
)
, -
( F.1) (
F.3), ( .3)
, -
. .

K-18
K.

2. , ( ,
)
,
( F.1)
( F.3), -
( .3) ,
.
3. (DD) ,
-
. (. . -1b.)
H. (E ) (SR)
1. -
, D.1 -
(2) "
".
"-
".
2.
() , D.2 -
" -
". -
" ".
3. (SR) (DD),
G.3,
,
H.1, .
SR=DD/E
" ".
4.
" "
" ".

-1.

K-19
K.

-1b. , ,

K-20
K.

" (ASW)"

: _______________________ : __________________ : ______________________


... : ______________ : _________ : A B C __________

1.

-

(A) (B) () (A x )

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _________ ________ .

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _________ ________ .

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _________ ________ .

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _________ ________ .

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _________ ________ .

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _________ ________ .

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _________ ________ .

__________ ____-____ ________ __________ _________ ________ .


___________ _________ _______.
(D) (E) (F)

2. (ASW) [(E) (F/D)] ___________ ________

1. (ASWe)____ __________

2. ,
(ASWDVe) ________

" ".

K-21
K.


" (ASW)"


, .
.
. , ,
12 , , ,
6 .
, 24 .
,
. , ,
.
,
.
.

. (ASW)
1.
, ,
,
, (
), ,

( , ).
2. " "
" " (D). (
,
B.2. "
". .)

() (F)
.
()
.2 .
(F)

.2
.
.1
" ".

.
1.
ASW . 5
8 .
2. -
, ,
.
0,3 ,

(ASWDVe) .
0,5
, , ,

. .2
" ".
.

K-22
K.

. (ASWe)
(DVe).

. , .2
" (ASW)"
,
. :
(WCe), 7
" (WC)", ,
, .
,
, . ,
(LWe), 7 "
(LW)",
, ,
. ,
, .

K-23
K.

" "

: _______________________ : ___________________ : ______________________


... : _____________ : _________ : A B C ___________

. (TW)

1. ( DMB, , ) ___________________________

2. / _____________ ________

3. (TWCe) _______

4. D " ".

1. (TC)

a. ( , ) __________________________
b. / (TC) _____________ ________
( )
c. (TCe) _______

2. (S)

a. (, ..) ___________________________

b. / (SC) _____________ ________

. (SCe) _______

3. (WC)
( " ")

. / (W) _____________ ________

b. (WCe) _______

4. (OWC)

a. ( ,
..) ___________________________
b.
(OWC) _____________ T ________

.
(OWCe) _______

5. /
(TW) _____________ ________

6.
(TWCe) _______
_____________________________
(TWCe = TC 2e + SC 2e + WC 2e + OWC2e

7. D " ".

K-24
K.


" (TWC)"

,
.
, ,
, ,
.
.
.
.
,

.
.
,
, .

" ".
,
D " ".
. - (DMB) -

.


,
.

,
.
1. ,
.
2. /
.
3.

(TWCe ) .
,
,

,

.

()
, 0,1 .
0,2 .
4. D ( .2)
D.1 " ".
" ". ( .3) D.2
" ".
B. ,
. ,
, ,
.

K-25
K.

1. :
.
, ,
(
) .
, ,
.
a. .
b. / ,
(TC) , .
.

.
,
(TCe) , ,
,
-
.
0,3 .

2. (S) : ,
,
,

(, ,
).
, ,

,
25 . ,
300 (100 , 50 . ).

,
, ,
.

TWC (WC)
(TC).

a. .

b. / ,
(SC) .

.

.
(SCe)
.
0,3 .

3. (WC) " ",


.

. / ,
(W 6 " ".

b.
, 7
(WCe) " ".

K-26
K.

4. :
(OWC) , . ,

.

a. .

b. / ,
.
(OWC)

.

.
(OWCe) .
0,3 .

5. / ,

(TWC) .
. .

6.


(TWCe) .
:
_____________________________
TWCe = TC 2e + SC 2e + WC 2e +OWC 2e

. ,
, .. ,
TCe .
7. D .5 D.1 "
"
" " . D.2
" "
( .6) .
" " (WC)

K-27
K.

" " (WC)

: _______________________ : ___________________ : ______________________


... : _____________ : _________ : A B C ___________

(WC)

1. (ASW) ___________ _________


( .1
" ")

2. ___________
( ASW 180)

3. ___________
( . N-1)

4. __________

( . N-1)

5. ___________
( ASW )
(


)

6. / (WC) ___________ _________

7. (WCe) _________

8. .3 " " (TWC).

K-28
K.

" " (WC)

, , . ,
, .
.
(WC) : ,
,
, ,
. ,
,
, .
, ,
.

1. , -
(ASW) " " ( .1).

2.
() 180 ( )
.

3. N-1 "
",
,
, 1.

4. N-1
,
.

5. : ,
4, ,
2. 360,
360. :
, 4,
, 2.
,
360.

6. / 5 3.
(WC)

7.
. ,
(WCe)
, -


. -
, -
,
, ,
.
0,3 . .

8. 3 / -
( 6) .3 "
" (TWC)".
(TWC)" ( 7)
.3b " (TWC)".

K-29
K.

. ,
.
,
.
(WCe), 7 " (WC)",
,
, . ,
,
. ,
, "
,
(ASWDVe)", .2 " (ASW)"
.2 " ".

K-30
K.

" (LW)"

: _______________________ : __________________ : ______________________


... : ______________ : _________ : A B C __________
______________________________

1. (ASW) T
( .1
" ")

2.
( ASW 180) T

3.
( . N-2 N-3)

4.

( . N-2 N-3)

5.
T
.

( 2 4)

b. T

( 2 + 4)

6.
(LW)

.
T

b. T

7.

(LWe)
( . N-2 N-3)

8.
" ".

K-31
K.


" (LW)"


.
, . N-2 N-3.
. ,
, ,
. ,
. N-2 N-3,
. , ,
45,
45 45 .
,
, . ,
.
, . N-2 N-3, .
.
.
.
1.
(ASW) , .1
" ".

2.
() 180 ( )
.

3. . N-2 N-3 ,
.
(
1) .

.

4. . N-2 N-3
, ,
3.
,
( ) .

5.


. ( 4)
( 2). ,
360.


b. ( 4)
( 2). 360,
360.

K-32
K.

6.
(LW)
,
. 5. 3.

,
b. 5.b 3.

. N-2 N-3
7. ,
,
3.
,
[ ] .
.3 " ".
.

.1 " "
8. "" ,
6.. .2
" " " " "" ,
6.b. .3
" "
, 7.

. . N-2 N-3
. , ,
, -
. (LWe),
7 " (LW)",
, ,
. ,
,
. ,
, " ,
(ASWDVe ),
.2 " " .2
" ".

K-33
K.

"
(E)" ( )

: _______________________ : ___________________ : ______________________


... : _____________ : _________ : A B C ___________

A.
/ (X)
(
1.
, 6.

1.
_____________ .
( N-1 N-2)

2.
(DR) _____________ %
( N-3)

3. DR
_____________ .

4. DR ( .2 x
.3) _____________ .

5. (
/) _____________ .

6. - _____________ .
(X) (X = .1 + .4 +
+ .5)
(X = ,
.2
.

B. / (De)

1. / _____________
( .2
" "

2.
/ (DVe) ( F.4.
" ") _____________

3. / (De) ______________ .
(De = .1 .2)

. (Y)

1.
_____________ .
( N-1 N-2)

2.
(DR) _____________ %
( N-3)

K-34
K.

3. DR
_____________ .

4. DR _____________ .
( .2 .3)

5.
(Y) _____________ .
(Y = .1 + .4)

D. (E)

1. (E2 = X 2 + D 2e+ Y 2) _____________ . .

2.
(E = X 2 + D 2e + Y 2 ) _____________ .

K-35
K.


" ()"



.
,
.

" ".

A. "
"
/ ,
(X) .1 .6. ,
.6
(), H.2
" ".

1. ,
-
. N-1 N-2

,
.
.

2.
DR ,
(DR)
. N-3
DR
.
.

3. DR ,

.

4. DR
DR ( A.2.)
A.3.

5.
(
/) ,
,
(
).
.

6. .1 .5,
,
(X) , .1, .4
.5. ,
,
H.2
" ".

K-36
K.

B.

/ (De)
1. , .2
" ".

2.
/, F.4
/ (DVe) " ".

3.
/ /,
/ (De) .1,
/, .2.
.
-
(Y)

1. ,
.
N-1 N-2

,
.
.
2.
DR ,
(DR)
. N-3
DR
.

.
3. DR ,

.

4. DR
DR , .2.,
, .3.

5.
- ,
, .1 .4.
(Y)
D.

(E)

1. (E2)
(E 2) , .6, .3 .5,
.
" ".

2.
(E) ,
(E) D.1.
,

.

K-37
L

" (Zta)" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-1

" (Zta )" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-2
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-5
" " . . . . . . . . . . L-6
" "
, ,
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-9
" "
, ,
,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-11
" "
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-21
" "
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-22
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-26
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-33
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . L-34

L-i
L.

" (Zta)"

: ___________________ : ____________ : _______

... :______________ . _________________ : ________

:______________ _______________ :_______________ ________________


() ()

: ______________________________________________ /: _____________________

1 2 3 4 5

1. _____ _____ _____ _____ _____


2. _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
3. (V) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
4.
_____ _____ _____ _____ _____
5. _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
6. (T) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
(T = 85% 4 5 .)
7. _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
8. (W) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
9.
, (fw ,ft) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
10. (fv)
( ) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
11. ,
(ff) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
12. (W) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
13. (Z=V T W) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
14. (Zta=Za1+Za2+Za3+...) ___________ . .
15. (SR) (
) ___________
( H.3 " ".)
15. (Zr = Zta / fz)
16. 15 (SR > 4),
" ".
" ".

L-1
L.


" (Zta)"

" "
, .
.

, , ... ,
, , ,
. , , ,
... , " ".
... , ,
, " ".

1. , , A-1, B-3
..
2. ,
, ,
.

3. (V) ,

.

(TAS).

4. ,

, .

5.
(
) .

6. 85% , 4
(T) 5. ""
, 15%

.

7. (.
) .

. :
(a) 150 (500 ) .
(b) 150 (500 ) .
(c) , ,
150 (500 ).
(d)
150 (500 ).
() N-11.

L-2
L.

8. ,
N.
N-4, N-5 N-6,
.
N-9.

9. fw
, N-7.
(f w,ft) ft N-10.

10. ,
(fv) ,
fv N-8. ,
,
1,0.

11. , ,

(ff) , 0,9.

,
1,0.

12.
(W) , 8, 9, 10 11 (-
;
, ;
,
.

13. ( 3)
(Z) ( 6)
( 12),
. N-4.

14.
(Zta) , 13,
.

15. (SR) (SR),


H.3 " ".

16. (SR) (SR = 4),


, , "
". , (SR), 15,
(SR > 4),
:

,
.
.


.
, .

, , ,
, "

L-3
L.

". ,
, () "
".

,

, .

(>30).

(>1 ).

(>12 ).


(<1 . ).

,
(, , (<0,3 ).

(<10).

, (SR > 4)

, ,
, . ,
, .

L-4
L.

" "
: ___________________ : ____________ : _______

... :______________ . _________________ : ________

:______________ _______________ :_______________ ________________


() ()

: ______________________________________________ /: _____________________

1. (Zta) _____________ . .
( 14
" ")

2. (DD) _____________ . .
( G.3 " ")

3. (E) _____________ . .
( H.2 " ")

4. ,
( )

. ( 5.)

b. , ( 6.)

5.

. ,
(Za()) _____________ . .

b. ,
(Za()) _____________ . .

c.
(Zta = Za() + Za()) _____________ . .

d. " "
( ) ,
.

6. ,

. [L = DD + (2 x E)] _____________ .

b. " "
, .

L-5
L.


" "


,
.
, , ,
, ,
.

,
, .
,
.
,
(>30),
, (
0,3 ) .., (DD)
(E).
, , , ,

,
, ,
. , , ,
, , ,
.

. , ,
, .
, , ,
, .

, ,
,
.
,
, .
, .
,
,
, , ,
.
, , ,
. ,
, " "
, .

, , ..
, , ,
, .

.
.
, " "
, , .

L-6
L.

1. (Zta),
(Zta) 14 "
".

2. (DD) (DD),
G.3 " ".

3.
, H.3
(E) " ". (.
2 DD
E, (DD > 4 x E).
,

" ".)

4. ,

,
. ,
"" "b". ("")
5, ("b") - 6 .

5.
.
, -
.

. , ,
.
(Za())
(0 < Za() < Zta).

b. , ,
.
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L-8
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" "
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,

: ___________________ : ____________ : _______

... :______________ . _________________ : ________

:______________ _______________ :_______________ ________________


() ()

: ______________________________________________ /: _____________________

1. (Zta = Za() Za())


( 14 "
" 5. 5.b
" ") __________. .

2. (fZ)

. (E) __________.

b. (L) __________.

. (fZ) (fZp = E2 fZl = E x L) __________. .

3. (Zr = Za/fZ) __________

4. (Zrc = Zrc + Zr) __________

5. (fs ) _____ ____ (fs)____

6. (Ro = fs x E) __________.

7. (Ao) __________. .

. (Ao = 4 x Ro)

b. ,
[Ao = (4 x Ro2) + (2 x Ro x DD)]

. (Ao = 2 x Ro x L)

8. (Co = Za / Ao) __________

1 2 3 4 5

9. (S = W/Co) _____ ______ ______ ______ ______

10. (S) _____ ______ ______ ______ ______


(
)

11. (A = V x T x S) _____ ______ ______ ______ ______

12. (At = A1 + A2 + A3 ...) __________. .

L-9
L.

13. (R) ____________.


__
. R = At / 2

b. , __________________
R = [ DD2 + (4 x At) DD] /4

c. R = A t / (2 x L)

14.

. __________ .

i. = 2 x R

ii. ,

= (2 x R) + DD

iii. (Lb) _________ .

) = Lb
b) = R + Lb
) = (2 x R) + Lb

b. = 2 x R __________ .

15.
( ) ______

16.

, 11. ( ) ______

17. " ".

L-10
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L-12
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= 4 x R o.

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7.

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L-13
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.
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, :
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.

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14.

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L-14
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L-15
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L-18
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L-19
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L-20
L.

" "

: __________________ ... : ____________ : ______

: ______________ ______________ _________ ___________________________________



(E)

_________________________

1. (Zta) ___________
2. ______ ( )
3. _____ x ______
4. (a) _____________
5. (A1t Zt, a
) _____________
6. (C1t = Zt/A1t 1,0) _____________
7. OD (OD1t) _____ ______ _____________
8. OC (OC1t) _____________
9. OS (OS1t = OC1t OD1t) _____________
10. (A2t 2 x Zt) _____________
11. (C2t = Zt/A2t 0,5) _____________
12. OD (OD2t) _____ ______ _____________
13. OC (OC2t) _____________
14. OS (OS2t = OC2t x OD2t) _____________
15. (A3t 0,67 x Zt) _____________
16. (C3t = Zt/A3t 1,5) _____________
17. OD (OD3t) _____ ______ _____________
18. OC (OC3t) _____________
19. OS (OS3t = OC3t x OD3t) _____________
20. ( OS) : 1 2 3
21. (Ao = /,
.) _____________
22. (C o=Zta/Ao) _____________
23. (So = W/Co) _____________
24. (S) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
(
)
25. (A = V S T) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____
26.
, 25 ____________ ( )
27. " ".

L-21
L.

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L-22
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L-24
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L-25
L.

Search Action Plan Worksheet


" "
Search Action Plan Message Template

( / (Precedence and date/time group of the message)


)
: (RCC RSC, ) FROM (RCC or RSC responsible for the search)
: ( /, TO (All agencies/facilities tasked with conducting the search)
)
: (, INFO (Agencies concerned, but not participating, in the
) search)
BT BT
( , , (Emergency Phase, i.e., DISTRESS, ALERT,
, ), ( UNCERTAINTY), (Identification of the search object, e.g.,
, , M/V NEVERSEEN) (Two-letter abbreviation for the flag of the
NEVERSEEN) ( search object, e.g., (PN)) (One or two word description of the
, , (N)) ( SAR cause, e.g., UNREPORTED, SUNK, DITCHED, etc.),
SAR (General description of the search location, e.g., GULF OF
, , , , OMAN, CABO SAN ANTONIO TO KEY WEST, etc.)
, ..), (
, , ,
- -, ..)
() SEARCH ACTION PLAN FOR (Date)
A. () A. (References)
1. : 1. SITUATION:
A. : ( A. SUMMARY: (A brief summary of the case, without repeating
, .) information previously provided to all addressees.)
B. : ( , B. DESCRIPTION: (Description of the missing craft, e.g.,
, , 150 , MOTOR VESSEL, 150 METERS, BLACK HULL, WHITE
, ) SUPERSTRUCTURE AFT)
C. : () C. PERSONS ON BOARD: (Number)
D. : D. SEARCH OBJECTS:
: ( , PRIMARY: (Description of the primary search
, 8- object, e.g., 8 PERSON ORANGE
) LIFERAFT WITH CANOPY)
: ( SECONDARY: (Description of secondary search
() , , - object(s), e.g., POSSIBLE SURVIVORS
IN WATER, WRECKAGE/ /DEBRIS,
, / 121.5 MHZ EPIRB, MIRROR FLASH,
/, 121,5 -EIRB, - ORANGE SMOKE, FLARES)
,
, )
E. E. ON-SCENE WEATHER FORECAST PERIOD (date/time)
(/) TO (date/time): CEILING (in feet, with cloud cover, e.g.,
(/): 8000 OVERCAST), VISIBILITY (in nautical miles), WIND
( , , , ( direction from which the wind is blowing in degrees
true/speed in knots, e.g., 190T/30KTS), SEAS (direction
8000), ( ), from which the seas are coming in degrees true/height
( range and unit of measure, e.g., 210T/3 6 FEET)
, / ,
, 190T/30 ), (
,
/ ,
, 210T/3 6 )

L-26
L.

2. : 2. ACTION:
A. ( A. (Specific tasking for a particular SAR agency or facility)
SAR)
B. ( , B. (A separate subparagraph should be used for each
, ) agency or facility participating in the search)
3. ( ): 3. SEARCH AREAS (READ IN TWO COLUMNS):
AREA CORNER POINTS
( (Search area designations may follow a "Letter hyphen
" ", , A-4, C-1. , number" format, e.g., A-4, C-1. The first day's searches use
, "A" the letter "A" and are sequentially numbered, the second
; , day's searches use the letter "B", and so forth.) (Corner
, "B" .) ( points are given in degrees and minutes of latitude and
longitude, e.g., 38-52.0N 077-14.0W. Usually, search areas
, , 38-52,0N 077-14,0W. , are rectangular with the four corner points listed in clockwise
, order.)

.)

4. ( 4. EXECUTION (READ IN SEVEN COLUMNS. ALTITUDES


. ): IN FEET):

- - AREA SAR LOCATION PATTERN CREEP COMMENCE ALT


- FACILITY SEARCH
SAR POINT

( (Search area designations will be identical to those specified


3 ) in paragraph 3 of the Search Action Plan message) (SAR
( SAR) ( facility identification) (Home base or location from which each
, SAR facility is operating) (Letter abbreviation for the desired
SAR) ( search pattern, found in section 5.5 of this Volume) (Direction
, 5.5 towards which the search facility will move as it completes
) (, successive legs of the search) ( Latitude and longitude of the
point where the search of each area is to begin) (The search
) altitude, in feet. For ships this will be "SURFACE") A
( , complete example follows:
) (
, .
"")
:

B-1 ATLANTIQUE S 225T 15-00,0N 1000 B-1 ATLANTIQUE MARTINIQUE PS 225T 15-00.0N 1000
64-00,9W 64-00.9W

5. : 5. CO-ORDINATION INSTRUCTIONS:

A. ( SMC ) A. (The SMC should be identified)

B. ( B. (If two or more search facilities will be used, an on-scene


, - co-ordinator should be designated)
)

C. ( , C. (The time that the search is to begin should be specified)


)

D. ( D. (The desired track spacing should be specified. The


. maximum search speed for aircraft should be given; for
; fixed wing aircraft, a maximum of 150 knots is
recommended.)
150 .)

L-27
L.

E. ( E. (OSC authorizations, responsibilities, and instructions


OSC, should be clearly specified. See the sample message on
. the next page for examples.)

.)

F. ( F. (Other co-ordinating instructions as needed)


)

6. : 6. COMMUNICATIONS:

A. A. CONTROL CHANNEL PRIMARY SECONDARY


: (NNNN) USB* (NNNN) USB HF: (NNNN) KHZ USB (NNNN) KHZ USB

B. B. ON SCENE FREQUENCIES PRIMARY SECONDARY


HF: (NNNN) KHZ (2182) KHZ
: (NNNN) (2182) VHF-AM: (NNN.N) MHZ (121.5) MHZ
-: (NNN,N) (121,5) VHF-FM: CH (NN) CH (16)
-: (NN) (16 ) UHF-AM (NNN.N) MHZ (243.0) MHZ
- (NNN,N) (243,0)

C. "-" C. AIR/GROUND FREQUENCIES PRIMARY SECONDARY


: (NNNN) (NNNN) HF: (NNNN) KHZ (NNNN) KHZ
- (NN) (NN) VHF-FM CH (NN) CH (NN)

D. "-" D. AIR/AIR FREQUENCIES PRIMARY SECONDARY


-: (NNN,N) (243,0) UHF-AM: (NNN.N) MHZ (243.0) MHZ

7. : 7. REPORTS:

A. ( OSC A. (Instructions to the OSC about the desired times for


SITRE) submitting SITREPs)

B. ( B. (Reporting instructions for participating search facilities)


)

C. ( C. (Reporting instructions for parent activities of search


) facilities)

D. ( D. (See the sample message on the next page for


) examples)

BT BT

Sample Search Action Plan Message

: SANJUANSARCOORD, -, - FROM SANJUANSARCOORD SAN JUAN PUERTO RICO


: COGARD AIRSTA, , - TO COGARD AIRSTA BORINQUEN PUERTO RICO//OPS//
//OS//
MRCC --, //MRCC// MARINE FORT DE FRANCE MARTINIQUE//MRCC//
RCC , , RCC CURACAO NETHERLANDS ANTILLES
: CCGDSEVEN, , INFO CCGDSEVEN MIAMI FLORIDA//CC/OSR//
//CC/OSR// MRCC ETEL
MRCC
RCC -, RCC LA GUIRA VENEZUELA
-, - ATC SAN JUAN PUERTO RICO
BT BT

___________________
* USB .

L-28
L.

: ATTN: COMMAND DUTY OFFICER

N999EJ () DISTRESS N999EJ (US) DITCHED EASTERN


CARIBBEAN

17 1996 SEARCH ACTION PLAN FOR 17 SEPTEMBER 1996

A. TELCON LTJG BASS/LT LAFAYETTE () A. TELCON LTJG BASS/LT LAFAYETTE (MARTINIQUE)


162115Z 96 162115Z SEP 96
B. TELCON LTJG BASS/LTC VAN SMOOT () B. TELCON LTJG BASS/LTC VAN SMOOT (CURACAO)
162130Z 96 162130Z SEP 96
C. TELCON LTJG BASS/- . 162145Z 96 C. TELCON LTJG BASS/MR. C. SMITH 162145Z SEP 96
( -) (ATC SAN JUAN)

1. : 1. SITUATION:

A. : N999EJ ( ) A. SUMMARY: N999EJ (US REGISTERED) EN ROUTE


-- FROM PORT OF SPAIN TRINIDAD TO AGUADILLA
() (-) PUERTO RICO REPORTED ENGINE FAILURE AND
DESCENDING THROUGH 5000 FEET IN POSITION
5000 14-20N 64-20W AT 152200Z WITH INTENTIONS TO
, DITCH. NIGHT FLARE SEARCHES 15 AND 16 SEP
152200Z 14-20N 64-20W. AND DAY SEARCH 16 SEP. NEGATIVE SIGHTINGS.

- 15
16 16
. .

B. : III, B. DESCRIPTION: CESSNA CITATION III, WHITE WITH


. BLUE TRIM.

C. : 4 C. PERSONS ON BOARD: 4

D. : D. SEARCH OBJECTS:
: 8- PRIMARY: 8-PERSON ORANGE RAFT WITH
. CANOPY.
: - SECONDARY: POSSIBLE SURVIVORS IN
, WATER, WRECKAGE/DEBRIS,
/, 121,5 -EIRB, 121.5 MHZ ELT, MIRROR FLASH,
, - ORANGE SMOKE, FLARES.
, .

E.
171200Z 172400Z: E. ON-SCENE WEATHER FORECAST PERIOD 171200Z
8000, TO 172400Z: CEILING 8000 BROKEN, VISIBILITY 16
, 16 ., NM, WIND 190T/30KTS, SEAS 300T/3-6 FEET.
190T/30 , 300T/36 .

2. : 2. ACTION:
A. A: MRCC A. AS PER REFERENCE A, REQUEST MRCC FORT DE
-- FRANCE PROVIDE ATLANTIQUE AIRCRAFT TO
"ATLANTIQUE" - SEARCH SUB-AREA C-1.
C-1.
B. HERCULES CGNR 1742, "RESCUE 1742", B. HERCULES CGNR 1742, CALL SIGN RESCUE 1742,
C-2 SEARCH SUB-AREA C-2 AND ASSUME OSC DUTIES.
OSC.
C. B: RCC C. AS PER REFERENCE B, REQUEST RCC CURACAO
PROVIDE ORION AIRCRAFT TO SEARCH SUB-AREA
"ORION" C-3. C-3.

L-29
L.

3. ( ): 3. SEARCH AREA (READ IN TWO COLUMNS):

AREA CORNER POINTS


C-1 15-46,7N 65-13,1W, 15-59,4N 65-00,0W, C-1 15-46.7N 65-13.1W, 15-59.4N 65-00.0W,
15-00,0N 63-58,8W, 14-47,3N 64-11,9W 15-00.0N 63-58.8W, 14-47.3N 64-11.9W
C-2 15-23,4N 65-37,0W, 15-46,7N 65-13,1W, C-2 15-23.4N 65-37.0W, 15-46.7N 65-13.1W,
14-47,3N 64-11,9W, 14-24,0N 64-35,8W 14-47.3N 64-11.9W, 14-24.0N 64-35.8W
C-3 15-00,0N 66-01,0W, 15-23,4N 65-37,0W, C-3 15-00.0N 66-01.0W, 15-23.4N 65-37.0W,
14-24,0N 64-35,8W, 14-00,6N 65-00,0W 14-24.0N 64-35.8W, 14-00.6N 65-00.0W

4. ( 4. EXECUTION (READ IN SEVEN COLUMNS.


. ): ALTITUDES IN FEET):

- - AREA SAR LOCATION PATTERN CREEP COMMENCE ALT


- FACILITY SEARCH
SAR POINT
C-1 ATLAN- - S 225T 15-00.0N 1000 C-1 ATLAN- MARTI- PS 225T 15-00.0N 1000
TIQUE 64-00.9W TIQUE NIQUE 64-00.9W
C-2 HERCU- - S 225T 15-44.6N 500 C-2 HER- PUERTO PS 225T 15-44.6N 500
LES 65-13.1W CULES RICO 65-13.1W
C-3 ORION - S 225T 15-21.3N 1000 C-3 ORION CURACAO PS 225T 15-21.3N 1000
65-37.0W 65-37.0W

5. : 5. CO-ORDINATION INSTRUCTIONS:

A. SMC A. SAN JUAN SAR COORDINATOR IS SMC.


SAR, -.

B. HERCULES CGNR 1742, "RESCUE 1742", B. HERCULES CGNR 1742, CALL SIGN RESCUE 1742,
OSC. DESIGNATED OSC.

C. 170800Q. C. COMMENCE SEARCH TIME IS 170800Q.

D. D. TRACK SPACING 3 NM DESIRED. MAXIMUM SEARCH


3 .. SPEED 150 KNOTS.
150 .
E. OSC E. OSC AUTHORIZED TO ALTER SEARCH PLAN AS
NECESSARY BASED ON SITUATION ON-SCENE
PROVIDED SMC IS KEPT FULLY INFORMED. ORDER
OF SEARCH PRIORITY IS C-2, C-1, C-3. IF UNABLE
SMC TO COVER ALL SUB-AREAS. ENSURE ALTITUDE
. - SEPARATION MAINTAINED FOR ALL AIRCRAFT. OSC
: C-2, C-1, C-3, DEPLOY DATUM MARKER BUOY (DMB). DATUM
. - FOR THIS SEARCH IS 15-00N 65-00W. ENSURE
. FREQUENCY SEPARATION FROM ANY PREVIOUSLY
OSC DEPLOYED DMBS. ENSURE DMB OPERATING
(DMB). - PROPERLY. RELOCATE ALL DEPLOYED DMBS
WHEN ENTERING AND DEPARTING SEARCH AREAS.
15 00N 65-00W. - OSC PASS EXACT TIME OF INSERTION/RELOCATION
AND POSITION TO SMC VIA FASTEST MEANS.
DMB. DMB.


DMB. OSC
SMC -
/
/
.
F. C: - F. AS PER REFERENCE C, SAN JUAN CENTER
- APPROVED SAR OPERATIONS WARNING AREA TO
SAR 6000 6000 FT FROM 14-00N TO 16-00N BETWEEN
14-00N 16-00N 64-00W 64-00W AND 66-00W.
66-00W.

L-30
L.

G. G. AIRCRAFT CHECK IN WITH OSC UPON ARRIVAL IN


OSC , SEARCH AREA, CHECK OUT WITH OSC AND CHECK
IN WITH SAN JUAN CENTER UPON DEPARTING
OSC -. SEARCH AREA.

H. - H. ONE AIRCRAFT CARRYING PRESS AUTHORIZED IN


SAR WARNING AREA. IDENTIFICATION N-1768-C.
SAR. - PRESS AIRCRAFT DIRECTED TO CONTACT OSC
N-1768-C. PRIOR TO ENTERING SAR WARNING AREA.

-
OSC ,
SAR.

6. : 6. COMMUNICATIONS:

A. A. CONTROL CHANNEL PRIMARY SECONDARY


: 5680 USB 8983 USB HF: 5680 KHZ USB 8983 KHZ USB

B. B. ON SCENE FREQUENCIES PRIMARY SECONDARY


HF: 5680 KHZ 2182 KHZ
: 5680 2182 VHF-AM: 123.1 MHZ 282.8 MHZ
-: 123,1 282,8 VHF-FM: CH 81A CH 16
-: 81 16 UHF-AM 282.8 MHZ 243.0 MHZ
- 282,8 243,0

C. "-" C. AIR/GROUND FREQUENCIES PRIMARY SECONDARY


: 5696 8983 HF: 5696 KHZ 8983 KHZ
- 23 16 VHF-FM CH 23A CH 16

D. "-" D. AIR/AIR FREQUENCIES PRIMARY SECONDARY


-: 381,8 243,0 UHF-AM: 381.8 MHZ 243.0 MHZ

E. OSC E. PRESS CHANNEL AT OSC DISCRETION

7. : 7. REPORTS:

A. OSC A. OSC SEND SITREP TO SMC UPON ARRIVAL


SITRE SMC ON-SCENE THEN HOURLY THEREAFTER. INCLUDE
WEATHER IN ALL SITREPS.
. SITRE -
.

B. B. ALL PARTICIPATING SEARCH CRAFT PASS


OSC - ON-SCENE WEATHER TO OSC HOURLY OR WHEN
CONDITIONS CHANGE. OSC COLLATE WEATHER
. - DATA AND RESOLVE ANY DISCREPANCIES IN
OSC - OBSERVATIONS PRIOR TO REPORTING TO SMC.
- REPORT ALL SIGHTINGS IMMEDIATELY.

-
SMC.
- -
.

C. C. PARENT ACTIVITIES NOTIFY SMC WHEN AIRCRAFT


SMC DEPART. ALSO NOTIFY SMC AS SOON AS
. POSSIBLE OF ANY DEPARTURE THAT IS TO BE
SMC DELAYED BY MORE THAN 30 MINUTES.
,
30 .

L-31
L.

D. D. AT END OF DAYS OPERATIONS, SEARCH FACILITIES


OR PARENT ACTIVITIES REPORT TO SMC BY
SMC MESSAGE THE NUMBER OF SORTIES, TIMES OF
, ON-SCENE ARRIVAL AND DEPARTURE, HOURS
FLOWN, HOURS SEARCHED, AREA SEARCHED
, (SQUARE NAUTICAL MILES), ACTUAL TRACK
, , SPACING, ACTUAL SEARCH ALTITUDE, CORNER
, ( . . POINTS OF ACTUAL AREA COVERED IF DIFFERENT
), FROM ASSIGNED SUB-AREA, ANY MODIFICATIONS
, TO SUB-AREA ASSIGNED, AND OBSERVED
, NAVIGATION ERRORS BETWEEN FIXES. SEND
- , REPORTS VIA MOST RAPID MEANS.
,
BT


,
.

.

BT

L-32
L.

" "
OS OSc

1. _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

2. _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

3. (A - J), ___________

4. ____x______

5. (, 1 = 5 . ),
__________=__________

6. OC (OC t-.) ___________

7. . _____ ( )

8. (W) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

9. (S) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

10. (C=W/S) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

11. (OD) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____


"I" "" I P I P I P I P I P

12. OC
(MOC =1OD) _____ _____ _____ _____ _____

13. OC
.
OC.= MOC OC.) _____ ( )

14.
(OCt-.) ____________

15. (OS = OCt-. - OCt-.) ____________

16. (OSc= OSc+OS) ____________

L-33
L.

" "


. ,

.
,
.
.

1. " , , A-1,
" B-3 ..

2. " ,
" , .

3. " -
" 5
"
".
.

4. " . (,
"
.)
, , ,
6
"
".
6,
8
"
" (. . M-4).

5. " " (
),
, .
, ,
.
7 -
"

".

6. " OC" OC
. ,
OC 100%.

7. " , 5 -
" ".

8. " ,
" ,
,
.

9. "
" ,
, SMC, OSC
.

L-34
L.

10. " , 8, ,
" 9.

11. " , 10
" . N-10, OD
. ,
,
(""
"").

12. " 1,0 (100%) OD,


OC" 11.

13. "
OC" OC
-
12 OC
,
.
OC., ,
.
,
( )
.

.

14. " OC " OC,



,
.

15. " " , 14, ,


6.

16. " 15 POS


" OS. ( ,
OS OSc.)
,
,
OSc ,

OS.
OS . N-11;

OS . N-12.

. ,
OC OS
. ,
1/3 OC
6 %, OC , , 2 %, OC
, , 4%. OD
50 %, OC , ,
:

OC1/3-. = OD OC1/3-.

OC1/3-. = 0,50 0,02 = 0,01 1 %.

L-35
L.

OC., ,
(1 %) OC (4 %),
, 5%. ,
:

OC. = OC1/3-. + OC 2/3.

OC. = 0,01 + 0,04 = 0,05 5 %.

,
OD,
OC.
OC. , .

,
,
. , ,
,
.

L-36
M


. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-2

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-4

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-5

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-7

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-8
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-9
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . M-11
. . . . . . . . . . M-21

M-i
M.

: ___________________ ... : ______________________ : _______

. : ________________ ________________ _________ _____________________________________



(E)

_____________________________

1. (E) ___________
( H.2 " ")

2. ___________
( 14.b
" ")

3. (Ra = /2,0) ___________

4. (fsa = Ra/E) ___________

5. (A J) ___________
( M-1)

6. ___________
( M-2)

7. ___________ = ___________

8.
,

. ___________

9.
, .
___________

M-1
M.

.


, . (
,
.
" ".)

.

.
, (
, ..) .
,

.

, ,
, ,
, .
, , OC
, (, )
, , .

1. "
(E), .2 -
" " ".

2. " , -
" 14.b
" ".

3. " 2 2,0
" .

4. " 3 ,
" 1, .

5. " 4,
" M-1,
,
.
. ,
.

1,

.

6. " " M-2 , 5,


, 2,
.

M-2
M.

7. " (
" , ,
). :

= E . .
= E/2 .

:
= 1,27 x E . ;
= 0,926 x E .

8. ,
, 5 ,
(E),
.

9. ,
, , :

(a) 3,0 E .

(b) ,
.

(c) ,
, , 5.

(d) ,
.

M-3
M.

: ___________________ ... : ______________________ : _______

. : ________________ ________________ _________ _____________________________________



(E)

_____________________________

1. (E) ___________
( H.2 " ")

2. __________ ___________
( 14.b
" ")

3. (Ra = /2,0) ___________

4. (fsa = Ra/E) ___________

5. (A J) ___________
( M-1)

6. ___________
( M-2)

7. ___________

8. ( / ) ___________

9.
, .
___________

M-4
M.

.


, . (
,
.
" ".)

1. "
(E), H.2 -
" " ".

2. " ,
" 14.b
" ".

3. " 2 2,0 -
" .

4. " 3 , -
" 1, .

5. " " 4,
M-1,
,
.
. ,
.

1,

.

6. " " M-2 , 5,


, 2,
.

7. " .
" ,
,
.

8. " " 2 ,
7.

9. ,
, , :

(a)
.
(b) 3,0 E
. , .

M-5
M.

(c) ,
, ,
5.
M-13. M-1
, C.

(d) , 7,
.

(e) ,
7, OC .
M-2 ,
.

M-6
M.

.

,
.
. (
,
.
" ".)

1. ()
, .

2. , ,
.

___________

3. 100% , 2,
(OC) .

OC ___________

4. OC , 3, .

M-7
M.

.

,
.
. (
,
.
" ".)

1. ()
, .

2. ,
.

3. , ,
(OC)
, .

M-8
M.


/

/


/ ( )



0,27 I 11
0,33 G 9
0,43 E 7
0,50 J 12
0,60 H, C 10, 5
0,75 F 8
0,82 I 11
1,00 J, G, D, A 12, 9, 6, 3
1,20 H 10
1,29 E 7
1,36 I 11
1,50 J, F, B 12, 8, 4
1,67 G 9
1,80 H, C 10, 5
1,91 I 11
2,00 J, D 12, 6
2,14 E 7
2,25 F 8
2,33 G 9
2,40 H 10
2,45 I 11
2,50 J 12
3,00

M-1

M-9
M.

M-1 /


/



A 2,00 E

B 1,50 E

C 1,20 E

D 1,00 E

E 0,86 E

F 0,75 E

G 0,67 E

H 0,60 E

I 0,55 E

J 0,50 E

M-2

M-10
M.

M-11
M.

M-12
M.

M-13
M.

M-14
M.

M-15
M.

M-16
M.

M-17
M.

M-18
M.

M-19
M.

M-20
M.

M-21
N

(. N-1) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-1
(. N-2 N-3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-2
( N-1 N-3) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-4
( N-4 N-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-6
(. N-4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-12

(. N-5 N-6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-13

(. N-7 N-8) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-15
, (. N-9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-17
OD (. N-10) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-18
OS (. N-11 N-12) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-19
(. N-13 N-14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-20
( N-13 N-14) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-21
(. N-15) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . N-22

N-i
N.

N-1
N.

N-2
N.

N-3
N.

(X)
(Y)
, ,
.

,
, ,
(X=Fixe Y=Fixe),
(Fixe), N-1.


(.)
GS 0,1 .
1 .
1 .
(3 )*

2 .
(3 )*

4 . (, 3 )
LORAN C 1 .
INS 0,5 .
VOR 3 3 % 0,5 .,
,
TACAN 3 3 % 0,5 .,
,

* .

N-1.

,
, Fixe :

Fixe
, , 5 .

10 .
, 15 .

N-2.

N-4
N.

,
(DR)
, ,
.

(Fixe ) DR (DRe). N-3 DRe
.

DRe
5 % DR
() 5 % DR
( ) 5 % DR

( ) 10 % DR

( ) 15 % DR

15 % DR
15 % DR

N-3.

N-5
N.

( (. ))

6 (3) 9 (5) 19 (10) 28 (15) 37 (20)

0,7 (0,4) 0,9 (0,5) 1,1 (0,6) 1,3 (0,7) 1,3 (0,7)

4- . 4,2 (2,3) 5,9 (3,2) 7,8 (4,2) 9,1 (4,9) 10,2 (5,5)

6- . 4,6 (2,5) 6,7 (3,6) 9,3 (5,0) 11,5 (6,2) 12,8 (6,9)

15- . 4,8 (2,6) 7,4 (4,0) 9,4 (5,1) 11,9 (6,4) 13,5 (7,3)

25- . 5,0 (2,7) 7,8 (4,2) 9,6 (5,2) 12,0 (6,5) 13,9 (7,5)

, <5 (17 ) 2,0 (1,1) 2,6 (1,4) 3,5 (1,9) 3,9 (2,1) 4,3 (2,3)

, 7 (23 ) 3,7 (2,0) 5,4 (2,9) 8,0 (4,3) 9,6 (5,2) 10,7 (5,8)

, 12 (40 ) 5,2 (2,8) 8,3 (4,5) 14,1 (7,6) 17,4 (9,4) 21,5 (11,6)

, 24 (79 ) 5,9 (3,2) 10,4 (5,6) 19,8 (10,7) 27,2 (14,7) 33,5 (18,1)

N-4. ( (.))

N-6
N.

N-7
N.

N-8
N.


,
.
: / () () <10
(33)

: 028 / (015 ) : 01 (03 ) 1,0 1,0

: 28-46 / (1525 ) : 11,5 (35 ) 0,5 0,9

>46 / ( >25 ) >1,5 ( >5 ) 0,25 0,9

N-7.


/ ()
/ ()
275 ( 150) 330 (180) 385 (210) 110 ( 60) 165 (90) 220 (120) 255 (140)
1,2 1,0 0,9 1,5 1,0 0,8 0,7

1,1 1,0 0,9 1,3 1,0 0,9 0,8


1-4 .
1,1 1,0 0,9 1,2 1,0 0,9 0,8
6-25 .
, 1,1 1,0 0,9 1,2 1,0 0,9 0,8
< 8 (< 25 )
, 1,1 1,0 0,9 1,1 1,0 0,9 0,9
10 (33 )
, 1,1 1,0 1,0 1,1 1,0 0,9 0,9
16 (53 )
, 1,1 1,0 1,0 1,1 1,0 1,0 0,9
24 (78 )
, 1,1 1,0 0,9 1,2 1,0 0,9 0,9
< 8 (< 25 .)
, 1,1 1,0 1,0 1,1 1,0 0,9 0,9
12 (39 )
, 1,1 1,0 1,0 1,1 1,0 1,0 0,9
25 (83 )
, 1,0 1,0 1,0 1,1 1,0 1,0 0,9
> 27 (> 90 )

N-8.
-

N-9
N.

( (. ))

( ()) 6 (3) 9 (5) 19 (10) 28 (15) 37 (20)

150 (500) 0,7 (0,4) 0,7 (0,4) 0,9 (0,5) 0,9 (0,5) 0,9 (0,5)

300 (1000) 0,7 (0,4) 0,7 (0,4) 0,9 (0,5) 0,9 (0,5) 0,9 (0,5)

450 (1500)

600 (2000)

150 (500) 1,7 (0,9) 2,4 (1,3) 2,4 (1,3) 2,4 (1,3) 2,4 (1,3)

300 (1000) 1,9 (1,0) 2,6 (1,4) 2,6 (1,4) 2,8 (1,5) 2,8 (1,5)

450 (1500) 1,9 (1,0) 2,6 (1,4) 3,1 (1,7) 3,1 (1,7) 3,1 (1,7)

600 (2000) 1,9 (1,0) 2,8 (1,5) 3,7 (2,0) 3,7 (2,0) 3,7 (2,0)

150 (500) 1,9 (1,0) 2,6 (1,4) 2,6 (1,4) 2,6 (1,4) 2,6 (1,4)
5700
300 (1000) 1,9 (1,0) 2,8 (1,5) 2,8 (1,5) 3,0 (1,6) 3,0 (1,6)

450 (1500) 1,9 (1,0) 2,8 (1,5) 3,3 (1,8) 3,3 (1,8) 3,3 (1,8)

600 (2000) 1,9 (1,0) 3,0 (1,6) 3,7 (2,0) 3,7 (2,0) 3,7 (2,0)

150 (500) 2,2 (1,2) 3,7 (2,0) 4,1 (2,2) 4,1 (2,2) 4,1 (2,2)
5700
300 (1000) 3,3 (1,8) 5,0 (2,7) 5,6 (3,0) 5,6 (3,0) 5,6 (3,0)

450 (1500) 3,7 (2,0) 5,2 (2,8) 5,9 (3,2) 5,9 (3,2) 5,9 (3,2)

600 (2000) 4,1 (2,2) 5,2 (2,9) 6,5 (3,5) 6,5 (3,5) 6,5 (3,5)

N-9. ( (,))

15-60 % 60-85 % 85 %

0,5 0,3 0,1

0,7 0,4 0,1

0,7 0,4 0,1


5700
0,8 0,4 0,1
5700

N-10.

N-10
N.

, 60150 (200500 )

120300 (4001000 )

, , 60150 (200500 )

300900 (10003000 )

450900 (15003000 )

150300 (5001000 )

N-11.


, ,
:
___________
H, = 1,17
____________
H = 3,83



500 26 150 47

1000 37 300 66

2000 52 600 94

3000 64 900 115


4000 74 1200 133

5000 83 1500 148

10000 117 3000 210


15000 143 4550 257

20000 165 6100 297

25000 185 7600 332


30000 203 9150 363

35000 219 10650 392

40000 234 12200 420

N-12.

N-11
N.

N-12
N.

18

16

14

12

10

0
0 0,2 0,4 0,6 0,8 1 1,2 1,4

N-5

N-13
N.

N-14
N.

N-15
N.

N-16
N.

N-17
N.

OD

Average Probabilities of Detection (POD) Over an Area


for Visual Searches Using Parallel Sweeps
100%

90%

Ideal
Search Conditions

80%

70%

60%
POD

50%

Poor Search
Conditions

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
0 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 2

Coverage Factor

N-10. (POD)

N-18
N.

OS
Cumulative Probability of Success for Optimal Searches of Point Datums

100%

Ideal Search Conditions

90%

80%

70%

60%
POS


CumulativePOS

Poor Search Conditions


50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

Cumulative Relative Effort
N-11.

Cumulative Probability of Success for Optimal Searches Along Line Datums

100%

Ideal Search
Conditions

90%

80%

Poor Search Conditions

70%

60%
POS
POS
Cumulative

50%

40%

30%

20%

10%

0%
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

Cumulative
Relative Effort

N-12.

N-19
N.

N-20
N.


,

7000 ( ,/,
(/) (/) )
28 (C-9), 1176 1284 0
28 (C-9), 4 , 1146 1260 0,40

24 , 1362 1494 0
24 , - 1440 0
35 (T-10), 918 1008 0
35 (""), 960 1038 0,35

"" (), 1212 1320 0
"", 1080 482 1,16

"" () 600900 3,0


"" () 600900 3,0
"" () 600900 2,7
"", 2 ( 83 ) 2100 2232 0
"", 3 ( 83 ; 1800 1950 0
24000 )

N-13. ( 300 ,
"")



10 20 30 40 50 60 70

30000 (9000 ) 3,7 7,4 11,1 14,7 18,4 22,1 25,8

20000 (6000 ) 2,7 5,3 8,0 10,7 13,3 16,0 18,7

14000 (4300 ) 1,9 3,8 5,7 7,7 9,5 11,4 13,3

10000 (3050 ) 1,4 2,8 4,2 5,7 7,0 8,3 9,7


8000 (2400 ) 1,2 2,3 3,5 4,6 5,8 6,9 8,1

6000 (1800 ) 0,9 1,7 2,6 3,5 4,4 5,2 6,1

4000 (1200 ) 0,6 1,2 1,8 2,4 3,0 3,5 4,1

2000 (600 ) 0,3 0,6 0,9 1,2 1,5 1,8 2,1

N-14. ( )
( )

N-21
N.

N-22
O
SAR

- - , / /
-
( -
)
"AMVER" RCC
, (.
. , ALRS, 1, 1 & 2)
(USCG) SAR .
48
,
, ( )
.


.

"Prefectura Naval ALRS .


"SECOSENA" Argentina"
24 . , "SECOSENA"
0000 1200 UTC , ,

. .
-
.


.

-1
- , / /

-2
-
(
)

- RCC
"AUSREP - SAR :
-
SAR.
, 24 .
RCC SAR -C
. , LES
ALRS, 1, ,
2. ; 43.
-
ALRS, 1,
, - 2.

"AUSREP",

.
,
"AUSREP"

""

.
.
,

,

SAR,



O. SAR

,
.

- -
"SISTRAM" - "COMCONTRAM
, RIO"
10W SAR .
. ,
(COMCONTRAM) 04,5N 34,5S.
. 21366931 21303933
SAR. .
ALRS, 1,
2.
- ( SAR
"AMVER" "AMVER
, ) " "AMVER
(USCG) 48 . - "
( SAR
,
). ,

.
.
- - , / /
-
( -
)

- ECAREG
"ECAREG" , .
(CCG) ,
CCG.

500 .
60N -
66W.


.

- NORDREG
"NORDREG" 60N,
-
CCG.
,


- 24 CVTS
, OFFSHORE
.
. CCG.
300 .
/
(CVTS
OFFSHORE)

- ALRS
"CHILREP" SAR :
,
, SAR. 1200 -
1600 UTC,
- .
. SAR -
ALRS, 1, 24 . DIRECTEMAR VALPARAISO.
, -
2.
;
-

-

-


,
-
SAR.
O. SAR

-3
- - , / /

-4
-
( -
)

SHIPPOS Aarhus - ALRS .


"SHIPPOS" ,
20000 . . .

, -
,
17 , - - (

,
T.
1600 . . ALRS, 1,
1).
13 .
, -

.

- 10




.
-

O. SAR

40000



.

- , ALRS .
200 .
(HCG)
(COGUAR)
.
.



.

ALRS . ,
. ALRS, 1,
2 . , "Suva (3DP)"
. "HOMSEC,
".
.
- - , / /
-
( -
)

"GRNLANDS- - ,
"GREENPOS" KOMMANDO" , -
,

SAR. "GRNLAND-KOMMANDO"
(GLK) "Grnnedal
. Flde Radio" (OVC)

57N , .
250 .
ALRS, 1,
. 2.

"GRNLANDS- -
"KYSTKONT- KOMMANDO"
ROL" .
20 . "SKIBSKONTROL",
SAR.

,
- ALRS, 1,
. . 2.
24
, .
-
-

24 .

ALRS - ALRS .
. .
. ,
(The Icelandic
Lifesaving
Association). .
O. SAR

-5
-6
- - , / /

( - -
)

ALRS - -
"INSPIRES" . , - SAR, ,
ALRS, 1, 1, , ,
- - , (VTF)
- - (VTO).
- 300 . ,
. ("Bombay Radio")
ALRS, 1, . (VWB)
1. ("Madras Radio") (VWM)
30S , .
(
)
95E .
.
ALRS - ,
"ARES" . ALRS , ,
, - , .
1200 SAR.
, 1600 . ,

,
.
48

O. SAR


24 , .

12 .


,

.

, - -
"JASREP" (JNA)
, , SAR.
17N , -,
(JMSA) - . ,
165E. 24 . SAR. ALRS, 1, 1.

"Cencorsau", 5S 30S ALRS ALRS .


60E - . SAR. "Cencorsau",
. , "
1000
UTC.
.
- - , / /

( -
)

- ALRS .


350 . (
. ALRS, 1,
. 200 . 2) .
.
.


(Director General di Guarda
Costas).

ALRS -
"SINGREP" . SAR :
, 0000 0800 UTC. ("Singapore Radio")
- (9VG) RTG, RTF,
,
, .
SAR
, "SINGREP". ,
-
, ;

-
SAR;
.
-


ALRS, 1,
1.
.
O. SAR

-7

,

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,
,
, ,
.
. ,
, .
:

,
, .

, .

(, ) .
,
, , .
/
.
,
,
.

.

, , .

, .



* (
).
,
.

_________________________
*
(, 0,1 x 0,1 6 x 6 . )
(, 3 ).
(, 1 x 1 x 24 ).

P-1
. ,

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. : (
) ,
, ,
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( , ,
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(, ),
( ).

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.

.

.

POS / POS /,
.
( )
, , /

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"-", ,

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,
. ,
,
, ,
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,

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.

P-2
Q

"" : F/V Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-1
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-2
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-4
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-5
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-6
" " . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-7
"
" . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-8
" ". . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-10
" "
,
,
, . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-11
- ""
F/V Sample . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Q-13

Q-i
Q.


"" : F/V Sample
"" 1. 25 2000 2145Z F/V Sample
.
,
. ,
.
2145Z,
, : 37-
10N, 065-45W.
38-57N, 068-54W,
0100Z 25 2000 .

.

2.
" ", 1100Z 26
2000 , F/V Sample.

1630Z 26 2000 .
.
________________________________________________________

3. :

/ /
26 . 0000Z 175/32 27 . 0000Z 200/32
0600Z 190/30 0600Z 195/30
1200Z 210/35 1200Z 195/30
1800Z 205/37 1800Z 200/28
________________________________________________________

4. F/V Sample 75 ,
,
.
________________________________________________________

5.
, GPS.




-130 180 3.00
-3 200 4.00
_________________________________________________________________

6. 26
2000
5 . 1500
210/35 3-5
1100Z 2200Z

Q-1
Q.


" "

: F/V SAMPLE : 00001 : 26 . 2000 .


: SAR . : 1 : A B C:

A.
1.
( )

LK
EI
D
2. / 252145 Z . 2000 .
3. , 3710 N/S 065 45 W/E

B.
1. / 261630 Z . 2000 .
2. 18,75

C. (ASW)
( " " (ASW))

1. (ASW) 194 31,72


2. ,
(ASWDVe) 0,3

D. (TWC)
( " "(TWC))

1. (TWC) 0,57 1,86

2.
(TWCe) 0,42

E. (LW)
( " " (LW)

1. 324 1,3

2. 064 1,3

3.
(LWe) 1,3

Q-2
Q.

F.

. (. . K-1.)

() ()
1.
021 060
2. 2,21 3,15
3. , ( F.2 B.2) 41,49 . 59,14 .
4.
(DVe). (DVe = ASWDVe2 + TWCe2+ LWe2) 0,60

G.
,
(DD). (. . K-1b.)

1. , ( ) 37 48,7 N/S 06526,3 W/E

2. , ( ) 3739,6 N/S 06440,5 W/E

3. (DD) 37,5 .

H. (E)
(SR) (
" "(E))

1.
(E2) 1002,7 ..

2.
(E) 31,67 .

3. (SR = DD/E) 1,18

4. " "

Q-3
Q.

" (ASW)"

: F/V SAMPLE : 00001 : 26 . 2000 .


: SAR . : 1 : A B C:

1.

-

(A) (B) () (A x )

260000Z 2145 - 0300 5,25 175 32 168 .

_ 260600Z 0300 - 0900 6,00 190 30 180 .

261200Z 0900 - 1500 6,00 210 35 210 .

261800Z 1500 - 1630 1,50 205 37 55,5 .

- .

- .

- .

- .


18,75 194 594,76 .
(D) (E) (F)

2. (ASW) [(E) (F/D)] 194 31,72

1. (ASWe) 5,0

2. ,

(ASWDVe) 0,3

" ".

Q-4
Q.

" "

: F/V SAMPLE : 00001 : 26 . 2000 .


: SAR . : 1 : A B C:

. (TW)
1. ( DMB, , )
2. /
3. (TWCe)
4. D " ".

1. (TC)

a. ( , )

b. / (TC)
( )

c. (TCe)

2. (S)

a. (, ..) NOOSP NA6 1400

b. / (SC) 075 0,8

. (SCe) 0,3

3. (WC)
( " ")

. / (W) 044 1,13

b. (WCe) 0,3

4. (OWC)

a. ( ,
..)

b.
(OWC) T

.
(OWCe)

5. /
(TW) 0,57 1,86

6.
(TWCe) 0,42
2 2 2 2
(TWCe = TCe + SCe + WCe + OWCe )

7. D " ".

Q-5
Q.

" " (WC)

: F/V SAMPLE : 00001 : 26 . 2000 .


: SAR . : 1 : A B C:

(WC)

1. (ASW) 194 31,72


( .1
" ")

2. 0,14
( ASW 180)

3. 1,13
( . N-1)

4. + 30

( . N-1)

5. 044
( ASW )
(


)

6. / (WC) 044 1,13

7. (WCe) 0,3

8. .3 " " (TWC).

Q-6
Q.

" (LW)"

: F/V SAMPLE : 00001 : 26 . 2000 .


: SAR . : 1 : A B C:

1. (ASW) 194 T 31,72


( .1 -
" ")
014 T
2.
( ASW 180)

3.
1,3
( . N-2 N-3)

4.
50
( . N-2 N-3)

5.

.
324 T
( 2 4)

b. 064 T

( 2 + 4)

6.
(LW)

. 324 T 1,3

b. 064 T 1,3

7. 0,3

(LWe)
( . N-2 N-3)

8.
" ".

Q-7
Q.

"
(E)"

: F/V SAMPLE : 00001 : 26 . 2000 .


: SAR . : 1 : A B C:

A. /
(X)
(
1.
, 6.

1.
2,0 .
( N-1 N-2)

2.
(DR) 15 %
( N-3)

3. DR
184 .

4. DR ( .2
.3) 27,6 .

5. (
/) .

6. (X) 29,6 .
(X = .1 .4
.5)
(X = ,
.2
).

B. / (De)

1. / 18,75
( .2
" "

2.
/ (DVe)
( F.4. " ") 0,6

3. / (De) 1,25 .
(De = .1 .2)

. (Y)

1.
0,1 .
( N-1 N-2)

2.
(DR) %
( N-3)

Q-8
Q.

3. DR
.

4. DR .
( .2 .3)

5.
(Y) 0,1 .
(Y = .1 + .4)

D. (E)

1. (E 2 = X 2 + De 2 + Y 2) 1002,7 . .

2.
(E = X 2 + De 2 + Y 2 ) 31,67 .

Q-9
Q.

" (Zta)"

: F/V SAMPLE : 00001 : 26 . 2000 .


: SAR . : 1 : A B C:
: 37 48,7 N 06526,3 W : 3739,6 N 064 40,5 W
() ()

/: 261630Z . 2000 .

1 2 3 4 5

1. A1 A - 2 ____ _____ _____


2. C -130 P-3 _____ _____ _____
3. (V) 180 200 _____ _____ _____
4.
3,0 4,0 _____ _____ _____

5. 7,5 7,5 _____ _____ _____

6. (T) 2,55 3,40 _____ _____ _____


(T = 85% 4 5 .)
7. (/) 500 1000 _____ _____ _____
( )
8. (Wu) 5,0 5,1 _____ _____ _____
9.
, (fw ,ft) 0,9 0,9 _____ _____ _____
10. (fv)
( ) 1,0 1,0 _____ _____ _____
11. ,
(ff) 1,0 1,0 _____ _____ _____
12. (W) 4,5 4,6 _____ _____ _____

13. (Z=V x T x W) 2065,5 3128 _____ _____ _____


14. (Zta=Za1+Za2+Za3+...) 5193,5 . .

15. (SR) (
) 1,18
( H.3 " ".)
16. 15 (SR > 4),
" ".
" ".

Q-10
Q.

" "
, ,
,

: F/V SAMPLE : 00001 : 26 . 2000 .
: SAR . : 1 : A B C:
: 37 48,7 N 06526,3 W : 3739,6 N 064 40,5 W
() ()

/: 261630Z . 2000 .

1. ( Zta = Za() Za() )


( 14 "
" 5. 5.b
" ") 5193,5 . .

2. (fZ)

. (E) 31,66 .

b. (L) .

. (fZ) (fZp = E2 fZl = E x L) 1002,7 . .

3. (Zr = Za / fZ) 5,18

4. (Zrc = Zrc + Zr) 5,18

5. (fs ) _____ __(fs) 1,1

6. (Ro = fs x E) 34,83 .

7. (Ao) 7,464 . .

. (Ao = 4 x Ro2)

b. ,
[Ao = (4 x Ro2) + (2 x Ro x DD)]

. (Ao = 2 x Ro x L)

8. (Co = Za / Ao) 0,70

1 2 3 4 5

9. (S = W/Co) 6,45 6,45 ______ ______ ______

10. (S) 6,5 6,5 ______ ______ ______


(
)

11. (A = V x T x S) 2983,5 4420 ______ ______ ______

12. (At = A1 + A2 + A3 ...) 7403,5 . .

Q-11
Q.

13. (R) 34,7 .


__
. R = At / 2

b. , ____________
R = [ DD2 + (4 x At) DD] /4

c. R = At / (2 x L)

14.

. 107 .

i. = 2 x R

ii. ,

= (2 x R) + DD

iii. (Lb) .

) = Lb
b) = R + Lb
) = (2 x R) + Lb

b. = 2 x R 69 .

15.
( )

16.

, 11. ( )

17. " ".

Q-12
Q.

- ""
F/V Sample

120
100

80
60

40
()
20
0 IP

-20 ()
-40
-60
-80

-100 -50 0 50 100 150

- "" F/V Sample

POC POD POS


7,343 . . 70,8 % 0,70 50,2 % 35,6 %

/-
. / /- ( -
) .
500 .
,
.

Q-13
R. . TMAS TMAS

R
.
TMAS TMAS
TMAS

: ........................................................................

: ..............................................................................

.......................................................................................... : .........................................................................

.......................................................................................... :........................................................................

.......................................................................................... : ........................................................



TMAS TMAS

: TMAS: .................................................................................................................................................................

( MRCC:)....................................................................................................................

: ............... / .................. / ................... ................. ..................... : - ................................

: ........................................................................ : ................................................................................

: ..... . / ........ / ........... : ....... :

: ................................................................... : ................................


.....................................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................
: ......................
.....................................................................................................................................................

R-1

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
R. . TMAS TMAS

......................................................... ......................................................... .........................................................

:/.. / ..

:./
:./.. .

() () ....................................................................................................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................

R-2

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
R. . TMAS TMAS

TMAS

: ........................................................................

: ..............................................................................

.......................................................................................... : .........................................................................

.......................................................................................... :........................................................................

.......................................................................................... : ........................................................

.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................................................................................

: ():



MEDEVAC:

MEDEVAC: / / /

.............................................................................................................................


.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................
,
.............................................................................................................................
.............................................................................................................................

R-3

, 2008 , 1 2009 .
R. . TMAS TMAS

: ............................................................. : ........................................................................

: ................................................................................. : ................................................................................

: ....................................................

: ......................................................... / : ...........................................

: .................................................... / : .......................

: ........................................................................................................................................................

TMAS: .............................................................

: .............................................................................. : .........................................................................

......................................................................................... : ........................................................................

......................................................................................... : ........................................................

R-4
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

. .

5.6 2.14
2.2 1.4
7.4
SAR 1.7, 4.2, 8.5 1.1
SAR 8.8 2.20, 2.24, 6.1
1.1, 2.15 N
(. CRS) 6.11, 6.14
(. POC) 3.4, 3.8, 4.4,
(. POD) 4.7, 5.3,D, N
(. POS) 1.3, 2.5, 2.15, 2.27
5.7, 5.12, 6.7, 7.5, , G.2
(MAYDAY) 2.21
(. " ")
RCC 1.2, 8.5
K, K.3
E
5.5
C, E
5.3, G.1, G.2
3.8, 5.12, 5.14
5.7, 6.7,
(.)
G.2 (. " ")
SAR 1.8
() 4.6
4.6, 5.3
4.6
1.3, 1.6, 2.8, 3.4
4.6
2.23
6.12
5.15, 5.19
1.6, 1.11, 4.8
6.7, G.2 (. fs) N
(. " ") 4.6
3.8, N L
2.23, G 5.7
SAR C - (PAN-PAN) 2.21
6.17 - 6.10
, 1.7 RCC 2.24, 3.6
H 7.2, J.1
4.4, K, K.3, N 6.4, G.7
6.1
1.7, 3.4, 3.6 2.11, 7.7
1.1 2.26, 2.27, 5.1, 5.13
1.1 2.27
2.6 SAR 2.15
4.6, 5.10 4.1, 4.6, 4.7
5.15, 5.19 6
6.16, H 1.5, C
2.24 (X) 4.3
4.3, 4.4, K, L, M, N 6.13
4.6, M 4.6, 5.10, 5.11
A 5.11
, 5.11
RCC RSC 2.24, I
SAR 1.1 5.20, 6.18, 8.2, 8.3
2.6, B 5.20, 8.3, 8.5
(. C) 4.6 5.20

-1

2.27, D 2
4.6 2.1, A
(. Z) 4.7 2.2
- - 2.2, 2.3
6.5, 6.7, G 2.3
G.4 2.30
- 5.2, 2.10
5.4, G - 2.3
- - 2.2, 2.3
3.7
6.3, 6.4, G.3 2.9
- 2.19
G.6 2.17
6.9, G.5 2.4

6.2, 6.4 2.8
6.4 NAVTEX 2.5, 2.17
2.6, 2.9, 2.7
2.23, 5.6 2.20
10 1.3 1.10
14 7.7 1.10
6.14, C 1.10, 8.3
D , 4.6
1.8
(SECURITY) 2.21
121.5 M 1.3, 2.2 / 3.8, 5.7, A
123.1 M 2.2, 2.8
156.3 M 2.3, 2.5 " "
156.8 M 1.3, 2.3, 2.5 " "
243.0 M 2.2 ""
500 2.3, 2.19 1.3, G.3, O
2182 2.3, 2.8
3023 2.2, 2.8, 6.12 (. TMAS).
4125 2.2, 2.3, 6.12 /
5680 2.2, 2.8 4.4
6215 2.3 4.4, K, K.3, N
13 2.5 4.4, K, K.3
06 (. 156,3 ) 4.4, K, K.3
16 (. 156,8 )
SES 2.31
70 2.5
(DF) 2.23, G 4.6
2.3 2.27, L
8.7 ,
4.6, 5.9, 5.10, N SAR 2.27
L 5.12, 7.2
SAR 1.3
7.6
- 6.7, G.2 (.
K
" ")
1.6, 3.2
6.5 (. " SAR")
1.6, 3.3, 3.5, 7.2, F
(MAREC) 5.15, I 1.6, 3.3, 3.5, 7.2, D
1.6, 3.3, 3.5, 7.2, E

-2

, 2008 , 1 2009 .

-
2.24 ACO 1.2
Amver 1.3, G.3
(E) 4.5, K CIRM 1.4, 2.27
CRS 1.6, 3.4
4.5 CSP 5.5
- 6.9, DSC 2.5
G.5 EGC 2.5, 2.16ELT 1.3, 2.6, 2.9, 5.6
5.4, 5.9, 5.10 EPIRB 2.6, 2.9, 2.15, 5.6
5.5 EPIRB - 2.6
(OS) 5.5 fs 4.6
fz 4.6
(CSC) 5.5 GLONASS 2.23, G
5.5 GMDSS 1.3, 2.5
5.7 GPS 2.23, G.2
(CS) 5.5 ICS 1.10
(SS) 5.5 MEDEVAC I.4, 2.27, 6.15, C, D
- MEDICO 1.4, 2.27, D
MMSI 2.13
5.6
MSI 2.5, 7.3
(TS) 5.5
NAVTEX 2.5, 2.17
(PS) 5.5
OSC 1.2, 2.26, 5.4
- 5.7 PLB 2.9
POC 4.6
5.7 POD 4.6, N
POS 4.6, 4.7
5.7 POSc 4.6
5.6 RANP 1.1, 2.2, 2.15
(VS) 5.5 RCC 1.1, 1.8, 2.16, B
5.8 RSC 1.8, 2,16
5.6 SafetyNET 2.5, 2.18
4.6 SarNET 2.16
(CSP) 5.5 SART 2.5
SC 1.2
1.8 (. " SAR")
SDP 1.3, 1.10, 2.5, 2.15
3.8, 4.2
SES 2.7, 2.31
B SITREP 2.27, 8,5, I
1.7, 1.10 SMC 1.2, 2.26, 3.8, 5.12, K.1, K.2
D SOLAS 1.1, 2.5, G.3
(W) 4.6, 5.3, 5.6, N SPOC 2.6
SAR 1.6, 3.2 SRR 1.1
1.6 SRU 1.2
1.6, 3.5 TMAS 1.4, 2.27, R
1.6 WWNWS 2.17
1.6 X N
1.6, 3.3 Z 4.6, 4.7
Zr 4.6
Zrc 4.6

-3
, 2008 , 1 2009 .

II

2010