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Table 1. A selection of studies which have utilised self-report measures to investigate disinhibited behavior

Measure

Authors

Study Aim

Conceptualisation

N

M:F

Sample

Barrett

Keilp et al.

Determine the types of tasks and cognitive

Impulsivity/

58

21:37

Community

Impulsivity Scale (BIS;

(2005)

functions that are associated with impulsiveness ratings.

Inhibition

Patton et al.,

Loxton et al.

Investigated the relationship between biologically

Impulsivity/

110

62:38

Clinical

1994)

(2008)

based dimensions of impulsivity in problem gamblers with and without alcohol problems, and non problem gamblers.

Disinhibition

Rosval et al.

Investigate role of response inhibition, planning

Response Inhibition/

182

0:182

Clinical (121)

(2006)

and attention in eating disorders.

Impulsivity

Community (61)

Ledgerwood

Determine levels of impulsivity in pathological

Impulsivity/ response

102

51:51

Clinical (61)

et al. (2009)

gamblers with and without substance use disorders versus health controls.

inhibition

Community (41)

Hanson et al.

Examine reward-related decision-making and

Impulsivity/

81

49:32

Clinical (52)

(2008)

impulsivity among methylenedioxymethamphetamine users while controlling for polydrug use via appropriate comparison groups.

Disinhibition

Community (29)

Flory et al.

Examine the structure of dimensional impulsive

Impulsivity/Novelty

421

235:186

Clinical

(2006)

personality traits in a large normative sample

seeking/Behavioural

 

Disinhibition/

Nonplanning

Dickman‘s

Stahl &

Investigate Extraversion-related individual

Impulsivity/Inhibition

50

0:50

Student

Impulsivity

Rammsayer

differences in response orientation.

Scale (DII;

(2007)

Dickman, 1990)

Jackson

Test the utility of aural attentiveness x

Disinhibited

145

39:106

Student

(2008)

Neuroticism in the prediction of Disinhibition.

Approach/

 

Impulsivity

Table 1. Continued

 

Lansbergen et al. (2007)

Test whether impulsivity within the normal population is associated with weaker interference control

Impulsivity/ Interference control/ Response inhibition

435

78:357

Student

McAlister et

Explored predictors of young people‘ propensity

Impulsivity

123

46:77

Student

al. (2005)

to engage in unfaithful activities while dating.

Smillie &

Determine the fit of Dickman‘s (1990) descriptive

Impulsivity/

299

105:194

Student

Jackson

concept of Functional Impulsivity with Gray‘s

Behavioural

(2006)

(1970) Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory.

Inhibition

Vigil-Colet

Investigated the relationship between impulsivity,

Impulsivity

241

107:134

Student

& Morales-

intelligence, and academic failure in a sample of

Vives (2005)

secondary students.

Foster &

Demonstrate the value of incorporating

Impulsivity/

193

49:144

Student

Trimm

approachavoidance motivation into the study of

Uninhibited

(2008)

narcissistic behaviour.

Disinhibition

Gupta et al.

Determine personality characteristics and risk-

Disinhibition/

817

417:400

Student

scale from

(2006)

taking characteristics among adolescent gamblers.

Impulsivity

Zuckerman‘s

Reio &

Investigate sensation seeking as an inhibitor of job

Disinhibition/

233

152:81

Workers

Sensation

Sanders-

performance.

Sensation seeking

Seeking Scale

Reio (2006)

(ZSSS, Form V:

Ledgerwood

Determine levels of impulsivity in pathological

Impulsivity/ response

102

51:51

Clinical (61)

Zuckerman et

et al. (2009)

gamblers with and without substance use disorders

inhibition

Community (41)

al., 1978)

versus health controls.

 

Hanson et al.

Examine reward-related decision-making and

Impulsivity/

81

49:32

Clinical (52)

(2008)

impulsivity among methylenedioxymethamphetamine users while controlling for polydrug use via appropriate comparison groups.

Disinhibition

Community (29)

Linnet et al.

Investigate differences in episodic chasing

Impulsivity/Sensation

100

65:35

Clinical (61)

 

(2006)

between

pathological

gamblers

and

non-

Seeking

Community (49)

 

pathological gamblers.

 
 

Leeman et al.

Identify prospective predictors of problem

 

Disinhibition/

337

137:205

Student

(2009)

drinking in undergraduates.

Impaired Control

Beck et al.

Evaluate the psychometric properties of the

Behavioural

103

0:103

Clinical

(2009)

BIS/BAS Scales and the Sensitivity to Punishment

Inhibition/

 

and Sensitivity to Reward Questionnaire (SPSRQ) in eating disordered patients.

Impulsivity

Impulsiveness

Fallgatter &

Determine whether the electrophysiological

Impulsivity/Inhibition

22

12:10

Workers

and

Herrmann

correlates of cognitive response control are related

 

Venturesome

(2001)

with I7-impulsivity in healthy participants.

scale from

Kane et al.

Determine the role of impulsivity in women with

Impulsivity

23

0:23

Clinical

Eysenck

(2004)

eating disorders.

 

Impulsiveness

Scale (EIS; Eysenck et al.,

Lansbergen et al. (2007)

Test whether impulsivity within the normal population is associated with weaker interference control

Impulsivity/ Interference control/ Response inhibition

435

78:357

Student

1984; Eysenck

Lijfijt et al.

Investigate whether there is an association

Impulsivity

62

17:45

Student

& Eysenck,

(2004)

between trait impulsivity in the normal population

 

1980

and inhibitory motor control.

 
 

Marsh et al.

Compare women with high and low trait

 

Impulsivity/

86

na

Community

(2002)

impulsivity to test response-disinhibition and

Response

 

reward-choice models of Disinhibition.

Disinhibition

 

Reynolds et

Compare behavioural with self-report measures of

Impulsivity/Inhibition

70

na

Student

al. (2006)

impulsivity.