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CartadelaWashingtonsubliniaza:

2.Calitatilecaretrebuiepastrateincludcaracterul
istoricalorasuluisau
zonaurbana(cartierul)sitoateaceleelementemateriale
sispiritualecare
exprimaacestcaracter,inspecial:
a)stiluriurbanecumsuntdefinitedeariisistrazi;
b)relatiiledintrecladirisispatiileverzisispatiile
deschise(agore);
d)relatiiledintreorassauzonaurbana(cartierul)si
aranjamentul
inconjurator,sicelnaturalsicelfacutdeom

3.Participareasiimplicarealocuitorilororasului
suntesentialepentru
succesulprogramuluideconservaresitrebuieincurajat
deautoritati.
Conservareaoraseloristoricesiazonelorurbane
(cartiere)esteinprimul
randgrijalocuitorilorlor.

15.Pentruincurajareainparticiparesiimplicare,un
programgeneralde
informaretrebuiecreatpentrutotilocuitorii,incepand
cucopiidevarsta
scolara.

Amcitatcatevaparagrafedin"CartadelaWashington"
din1987ceamai
referitdocumentcandestevorbadesprecumtrebuie
intretinuteOrasele
IstoricesiCartiereleIstorice.DinpacateRomaniaeste
multinurma,aceasta
cartanefiindinclusainniciolege.Existalegea
140/2002aasazisului
"centruistoric"careesteprostdesemnat,adicanu
includenicimacarunsfert
dinadevaratulcentruistoric,nuincludenicimacar
PalatulRegal,nici
AteneulRoman,niciUniversitateadeArhitectura,,,nici
CaleaVictoriei,ceea
cefacautoritatiledinRomaniaderasullumii.Vaide
Romania!
Cristian

ConservationofHistoricTowns
WashingtonCharter1987

http://www.international.icomos.org/e_towns.htm

TheICOMOSCharterfortheConservationofHistoricTowns
andUrbanAreasis
theresultof12yearsofstudyanddevelopmentby
internationalspecialists.
ThedocumentwasadoptedattheOctober1987meetingof
theICOMOSGeneral
AssemblyinWashington,DC,andisknowncommonlyasthe
"WashingtonCharter."
ThetermsoftheCharterarepurposefullybroad;
internationally,thereare
manymethodsofplanningandprotectionforhistoric
urbanareas,manyways
thaturbandevelopmentmayimpactonthepatternsof
postindustrialsocieties,
andthisdiversityisaddressedintheCharter.Thetext
oftheCharterfollows.
Preambleanddefinitionsd1.Allurbancommunities,
whethertheyhave
developedgraduallyovertimeorhavebeencreated
deliberately,arean
expressionofthediversityofsocietiesthroughout
history.d2.Thischarter
concernshistoricurbanareas,largeandsmall,including
cities,townsand
historiccentresorquarters,togetherwiththeirnatural
andmanmade
environments.Beyondtheirroleashistoricaldocuments,
theseareasembodythe
valuesoftraditionalurbancultures.Todaymanysuch
areasarebeing
threatened,physicallydegraded,damagedoreven
destroyed,bytheimpactof
theurbandevelopmentthatfollowsindustrializationin
societieseverywhere.
d3.Facedwiththisdramaticsituation,whichoftenleads
toirreversible
cultural,socialandeveneconomiclosses,the
InternationalCouncilon
MonumentsandSites(ICOMOS)deemsitnecessarytodraw
upaninternational
charterforhistorictownsandurbanareasthatwill
complementthe
"International
CharterfortheConservationandRestorationof
MonumentsandSites,"usually
referredtoas"TheVeniceCharter."Thisnewtext
definestheprinciples,
objectives,andmethodsnecessaryfortheconservationof
historictownsand
urbanareas.Italsoseekstopromotetheharmonyofboth
privateandcommunity
lifeintheseareasandtoencouragethepreservationof
thosecultural
properties,howevermodestinscale,thatconstitutethe
memoryofmankind.
d4.AssetoutintheUNESCO"RecommendationConcerning
theSafeguardingand
ContemporaryRoleofHistoricAreas"(WarsawNairobi,
1976),andalsoin
variousotherinternationalinstruments,"the
conservationofhistorictowns
andurbanareas"isunderstoodtomeanthosesteps
necessaryforthe
protection,conservationandrestorationofsuchtowns
andareasaswellas
theirdevelopmentandharmoniousadaptationto
contemporarylife.
Principlesandobjectives1.Inordertobemost
effective,theconservationof
historictownsandotherhistoricurbanareasshouldbe
anintegralpartof
coherentpoliciesofeconomicandsocialdevelopmentand
ofurbanandregional
planningateverylevel.
2.Qualitiestobepreservedincludethehistoric
characterofthetownor
urbanareaandallthosematerialandspiritualelements
thatexpressthis
character,especially:
a)urbanpatternsasdefinedbylotsandstreets;
b)relationshipsbetweenbuildingsandgreenandopen
spaces;
c)theformalappearance,interiorandexterior,of
buildingsasdefinedby
scale,size,style,construction,materials,colourand
decoration;
d)therelationshipbetweenthetownorurbanareaand
itssurroundingsetting,
bothnaturalandmanmade;and
e)thevariousfunctionsthatthetownorurbanareahas
acquiredovertime.Any
threattothesequalitieswouldcompromisethe
authenticityofthehistoric
townorurbanarea.
3.Theparticipationandtheinvolvementoftheresidents
areessentialforthe
successoftheconservationprogrammeandshouldbe
encouraged.The
conservationofhistorictownsandurbanareasconcerns
theirresidentsfirst
ofall.
4.Conservationinanhistorictownorurbanareademands
prudence,a
systematicapproachanddiscipline.Rigidityshouldbe
avoidedsinceindividual
casesmaypresentspecificproblems.Methodsand
instruments5.Planningfor
theconservationofhistorictownsandurbanareasshould
beprecededby
multidisciplinarystudies.
Conservationplansmustaddressallrelevantfactors
includingarchaeology,
history,architecture,techniques,sociologyand
economics.
Theprincipalobjectivesoftheconservationplan
shouldbeclearlystated
asshouldthelegal,administrativeandfinancial
measuresnecessarytoattain
them.
Theconservationplanshouldaimatensuringa
harmoniousrelationship
betweenthehistoricurbanareasandthetownasawhole.
Theconservationplanshoulddeterminewhichbuildings
mustbepreserved,
whichshouldbepreservedundercertaincircumstancesand
which,underquite
exceptionalcircumstances,mightbeexpendable.
Beforeanyintervention,existingconditionsinthe
areashouldbe
thoroughlydocumented.
Theconservationplanshouldbesupportedbythe
residentsofthehistoric
area.
6.Untilaconservationplanhasbeenadopted,any
necessaryconservation
activityshouldbecarriedoutinaccordancewiththe
principlesandtheaims
ofthisCharterandtheVeniceCharter.7.Continuing
maintenanceiscrucial
totheeffectiveconservationofanhistorictownor
urbanarea.8.New
functionsandactivitiesshouldbecompatiblewiththe
characterofthe
historictownorurbanarea.Adaptationoftheseareas
tocontemporarylife
requiresthecarefulinstallationorimprovementof
publicservicefacilities.
9.Theimprovementofhousingshouldbeoneofthebasic
objectivesof
conservation.10.Whenitisnecessarytoconstructnew
buildingsoradapt
existingones,theexistingspatiallayoutshouldbe
respected,especiallyin
termsofscaleandlotsize.Theintroductionof
contemporaryelementsin
harmonywiththesurroundingsshouldnotbediscouraged
sincesuchfeaturescan
contributetotheenrichmentofanarea.11.Knowledge
ofthe
historyofanhistorictownorurbanareashouldbe
expandedthrough
archaeologicalinvestigationandappropriatepreservation
ofarchaeological
findings.12.Trafficinsideanhistorictownorurban
areamustbe
controlledandparkingareasmustbeplannedsothatthey
donotdamagethe
historicfabricoritsenvironment.13.Whenurbanor
regionalplanning
providesfortheconstructionofmajormotorways,they
mustnotpenetratean
historictownorurbanarea,buttheyshouldImprove
accesstothem.14.
Historictownsshouldbeprotectedagainstnatural
disastersandnuisancessuch
aspollutionandvibrationsinordertosafeguardthe
heritageandforthe
securityandwellbeingoftheresidents.Whateverthe
natureofadisaster
affectinganhistorictownorurbanarea,preventative
andrepairmeasuresmust
beadaptedtothespecificcharacteroftheproperties
concerned.15.In
ordertoencouragetheirparticipationandinvolvement,a
generalinformation
programmeshouldbesetupforallresidents,beginning
withchildrenof
schoolage.16.Specializedtrainingshouldbeprovided
forallthose
professionsconcernedwithconservation.

http://www.international.icomos.org/e_towns.htm

StefanaBianu<[EMAILPROTECTED]>wrote:
artrebuisaceremautoritatilor/administratiei
Romanieisasealinieze
urgentprincipiilordin"CartadelaVenetia"si
"CartadelaWashington"

StefanaBianu

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seehowwomenare
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andfavoritemeals.

danghelase<[EMAILPROTECTED]>wrote:Foarte
interesanteside
substantaobservatii!Deundeaiacestemateriale?
Ejalecumonumentele,darcuspatiullimitrofe
dezastru...!
Multumesc,
DG

RomaniaNewswrote:CartadelaWashington
reprezintaocompletarea
CarteidelaVenetiadin1964.

Practic,CartadelaWashington,careesterezultatul
unuistudiurealizatpe
parcursula12ani,estenivelulsuperior,esteo
completarefoartenecesaraa
CarteidelaVenetia.

Cladirileistoricenusepotpastracumtrebuiedaca
zonarespectivaeste
afectata.Dacaocladireistoricaesteinconjuratade
blocuri,cumafacut
Ceausescucunistebisericiascunseinspateleblocurilor
pebulevardulUnirii,
sicumvreaacumsafacaVideanupeCaleaVictoriei,
respectivacladireisi
pierdeenormdinvaloare.Desemnareazoneicaistorica
puneinvaloare
cladirile.CartadelaVenetiadefineametodologiilede
pastraresirestaurare
auneicladiriistorice.Marealacunaeralipsa
prezervariicazona,caarie,
laniveldecartieristoric,siacestlucruafost
completatcuCartadela
Washington.

PracticCartadelaWashingtonareprecedenta,este
primacaretrebuie
aplicataasadaresteimperiosnecesaradefinireazonei
istorice,a
cartieruluiistoric.Pananusefaceacestlucru,Carta
delaWashingtonface
referirelavecheaCartadelaVenetia:

6.Untilaconservationplanhasbeenadopted,any
necessaryconservation
activityshouldbecarriedoutinaccordancewiththe
principlesandtheaims
ofthisCharterandtheVeniceCharter.

NecesitateaacesteicartedelaWashington,cao
completareacarteidela
Venetiaestesubliniatainparagraful:

ICOMOSdeemsnecessarytodrawupaninternational
charterforhistorictowns
andurbanareasthatwillcomplement"TheVenice
Charter."

FaptulcaRomaniaareolegislatieindomeniu
extraordinardeslabasica
legea140/2002desemneazaozonaistoricafoartemica,
nicimacarunsfertdin
zonaistoricacaresapastratcugreudincomunism,este
omareboala
romaneasca,pentrucainRomaniaseincearcademulteori
sasecopiezedin
Vest,darsasefacaprostcopierea,sisasefaca
neaplicabila,sisadistruga
insasiideeainitiala.

Ozicalaspune:"maibinemaiputinsibine,decatmult
siprost".
InRomaniasacopiatmultdinVestinlegislatiein
ultimiiani,teoretic
avemlegidarpracticsuntneaplicabile.

Legeadin2002pentrudesemnarea"centruluiistoric"
esteolege
neaplicabila,nusespunecaresuntconditiilepentrua
construicladirinoiin
zona,inaltimimaxime,fatadesaucaresuntconditiile
pentruarefacefatadele
cladirilordinzona,nuspunecarearputeafipedepsele
pentruceicare
demoleazacladiridinzonasaufacilegalitati.Darcea
maimarehibaeste
insasidesemnareazoneiLipscaniBlanaricazona
istorica,lasandinafara
zonei,chiarlagranita,UnivesitateaBucuresti,
UniversitateadeArhitectura
IonMincu,PalatulCec,CerculMilitarNational,lasand
inafarazoneiistorice
PalatulRegal,AteneulRoman,PiataRevolutiei,Piata
Romana,bulevardul
Kogalniceanu,AnsamblulPatriarhieidinDealul
Mitropoliei,etcetc....

Avandinvederetoaterecenteledistrugeri,demolaride
peCaleaVictorieisi
agresiuniasuprazoneiistoriceprinconstructiide
blocuriturn,estenevoie
urgentapentruolegeacartieruluiistoricdinBucuresti
caresailprotejeze
intradevar.

Cristian,
GrupulCivicBucuresti

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Cladirileistoricenusepotpastracum
trebuiedacazona
respectivaesteafectata.Desemnareazoneicaistorica
puneinvaloare
cladirile.

RomaniaNews<[EMAILPROTECTED]>wrote:

Romaniacomunistain1964nuaparticipatlasedinta
UNESCO/ICOMOScarea
adoptat"CartadelaVenetia"sinuaparticipatnicila
"Cartadela
Washington"din1987.
Comunistiiauurt(audezagreat)RegatulRomansiau
vrutsadistrugasisa
punainumbratoatectitoriilesiimplinirileacelorani
decivilizatie.
Dinpacatenunumaicomunistiinuauaplicataceste
tratateinternationale.
Dupa1990societatearomaneascaaalunecatinspre
disputeaiuristice,pusela
caledesistemuldezvonaciaisecuristilor,pentrua
distrageatentiadela
deceniulfurturilornationale(dinanii'90),furturiale
sistemuluide
securistisifostilingaideoscomunist.
Dacainprezent,toatetariledinUniuneaEuropeana,
SUA,Canadasitarile
civilizateauolegenationalacaresacuprindaaceste
tratateinternationale
despre"AriileUrbaneIstorice"sau"OaraseleIstorice"
sau"Cartierele
Istorice",Romaniaareolegislatieindomeniufoarte
slaba,carepermite
distrugerea(cubunastiinta,lacheremulhotilorsi
bisnitarilordinpolitica
sidinprimarii),legislatiaromaneascapermite
distrugereazoneiistoricea
oraselor.

Maijoseste"CartadelaWashington"(1987)pentrua
vedeamareaprapastie
dintrelegearomaneascasitratateleinternationalesi
legilenationaleale
altortaricivilizate.

[PDF86Kb]

CHARTERFORTHECONSERVATIONOFHISTORICTOWNSANDURBAN
AREAS
(WashingtonCharter1987)

AdoptedbyICOMOSGeneralAssemblyinWashingtonD.C.,
October1987

PREAMBLEANDDEFINITIONS

Allurbancommunities,whethertheyhavedeveloped
graduallyovertimeorhave
beencreateddeliberately,areanexpressionofthe
diversityofsocieties
throughouthistory.

Thischarterconcernshistoricurbanareas,largeand
small,includingcities,
townsandhistoriccentresorquarters,togetherwith
theirnaturaland
manmadeenvironments.Beyondtheirroleashistorical
documents,theseareas
embodythevaluesoftraditionalurbancultures.Today
manysuchareasare
beingthreatened,physicallydegraded,damagedoreven
destroyed,bytheimpact
oftheurbandevelopmentthatfollowsindustrialisation
insocieties
everywhere.
Facedwiththisdramaticsituation,whichoftenleadsto
irreversiblecultural,
socialandeveneconomiclosses,theInternational
CouncilonMonumentsand
Sites(ICOMOS)deemsitnecessarytodrawupan
internationalcharterfor
historictownsandurbanareasthatwillcomplementthe
"InternationalCharter
fortheConservationandRestorationofMonumentsand
Sites,"usuallyreferred
toas"TheVeniceCharter."Thisnewtextdefinesthe
principles,objectives,
andmethodsnecessaryfortheconservationofhistoric
townsandurbanareas.
Italsoseekstopromotetheharmonyofbothprivateand
communitylifein
theseareasandtoencouragethepreservationofthose
culturalproperties,
howevermodestinscale,thatconstitutethememoryof
mankind.

AssetoutintheUNESCO"RecommendationConcerningthe
Safeguardingand
ContemporaryRoleofHistoricAreas"(WarsawNairobi,
1976),andalsoin
variousotherinternationalinstruments,"the
conservationofhistorictowns
andurbanareas"isunderstoodtomeanthosesteps
necessaryforthe
protection,conservationandrestorationofsuchtowns
andareasaswellas
theirdevelopmentandharmoniousadaptationto
contemporarylife.

PRINCIPLESANDOBJECTIVES
1.Inordertobemosteffective,theconservationof
historictownsandother
historicurbanareasshouldbeanintegralpartof
coherentpoliciesof
economicandsocialdevelopmentandofurbanandregional
planningatevery
level.

2.Qualitiestobepreservedincludethehistoric
characterofthetownor
urbanareaandallthosematerialandspiritualelements
thatexpressthis
character,especially:

a)Urbanpatternsasdefinedbylotsandstreets;

b)Relationshipsbetweenbuildingsandgreenandopen
spaces;

c)Theformalappearance,interiorandexterior,of
buildingsasdefinedby
scale,size,style,construction,materials,colourand
decoration;

d)Therelationshipbetweenthetownorurbanareaand
itssurroundingsetting,
bothnaturalandmanmade;and

e)Thevariousfunctionsthatthetownorurbanareahas
acquiredovertime.
Anythreattothesequalitieswouldcompromisethe
authenticityofthe
historictownorurbanarea.
3.Theparticipationandtheinvolvementoftheresidents
areessentialforthe
successoftheconservationprogrammeandshouldbe
encouraged.The
conservationofhistorictownsandurbanareasconcerns
theirresidentsfirst
ofall.

4.Conservationinahistorictownorurbanareademands
prudence,asystematic
approachanddiscipline.