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Integral University, Lucknow

Integral Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology

Evaluation Scheme of Undergraduate program
B. Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture

Semester - I
Evaluation Evaluation Scheme Practical
Periods Scheme Examination
Per Theory Mid sem Sessional End End Total
Course h/week/sem sem Sub Total sem Subject
Subject Credit Credit
Code exam (sessional Theory total Points
+ exam) Exam
L T P CT TA Total CT TA Total Total

AG101 Introductory Biochemistry 2 0 2 10 10 20 5 5 10 20 30 50 100 2:0:1 3

CA111 Introduction to Computer Application 1 0 2 10 10 20 5 5 10 20 30 50 100 1:0:1 2
AG102 Introductory Agriculture (Ancient 1 0 0 10 10 20 - - - 00 - 80 100 1:0:0 1
Heritage, Agricultural Scenario and
Gender Equity in Agriculture)
BM121 Human Values & Agricultural Ethics 2 0 0 10 10 20 - - - 00 - 80 100 2:0:0 2
AG103 Principles of Agronomy and 2 0 2 10 10 20 5 5 10 20 30 50 100 2:0:1 3
Agricultural Meteorology
AG104 Introduction to Soil Science 2 0 2 10 10 20 5 5 10 20 30 50 100 2:0:1 3
AG105 Agricultural Microbiology 2 0 2 10 10 20 5 5 10 20 30 50 100 2:0:1 3
HT111 Fundamental of Horticulture 2 0 2 10 10 20 5 5 10 20 30 50 100 2:0:1 3
LN102 Remedial English 2 0 2 10 10 20 5 5 10 20 30 50 100 2:0:1 3
Total 16 0 14 23
B. Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Introductory Biochemistry
Paper Code: AG101
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

3 (2 + 1)
Biochemistry-Introduction and importance and its role in agriculture. Plant cell, cell wall. Bio-
molecules, structure, properties and applications: amino acids, peptides and proteins-plant proteins
and their quality. Enzymes-factors affecting the activity, classification and other industrial
applications. Lipids-acyl-lipids, their industrial applications in soaps, detergents, paints, varnishes,
lubricants, nylon, bio-diesel, bio-degradable plastics, etc. Carbohydrates: nucleosides, nucleotides,
and nucleic acids. Metabolic energy and its generation-metabolism- basic concepts, glycolysis, citric
acid cycle, pentose phosphate pathway, oxidative phosphorylation, fatty acid oxidation. General
reactions of amino acid degradation. Biosynthesis- carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.
Metabolic regulation. Secondary metabolites, terpenoids, alkaloids, phenolics and their applications
in food and pharmaceutical industries.
Practical: Spot test for carbohydrates, Estimation of reducing sugars by Benedict's Method, Spot
tests for Amino acids, Protein estimation by Lowrys method, protein denaturation- heat, pH,
precipitation of proteins with heavy metals, Paper chromatography for the separation of sugars,
Characterization of lipids by TLC, paper electrophoresis for the separation of plant pigments.

Reference Books:
1. Principles of Biochemistry- Albert L. Lehninger, CBS Publishers & Distributors
2. Biochemistry Lubert Stryer, Freeman International Edition.
3. Biochemistry Keshav Trehan, Wiley Eastern Publications.
4. Fundamentals of Biochemistry-J.L. Jain, S. Chand and Company
5. Medicinal Plant Biotechnology-From Basic Research to Industrial Applications- Oliver Kayser
and Wim J. Quax
6. Principles and Techniques of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology- Keith Wilson and John
7. Biochemistry laboratory: modern theory and techniques / Rodney Boyer. 2nd ed. Pearson
Prentice Hall

B. Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Introduction to Computer Application
Paper Code: CA111
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

2 (1+1)
Introduction to computers: History, evolution, Memory & Input/Output/Storage Devices, Software:
Type of software, System software, Applications Software, Introduction to Ms-Word and Ms-Excel,
Operating Systems: Definition, functions of Operating System, Booting process of computer-warm
and cold. Introduction to DOS and Windows Operating System, Computer Viruses: Types of
computer viruses, worms, Trojans, Security Aspects.
Practical: DOSInternal/External Commands; FORMAT; DIR; COPY; PATH; LABEL; VOL; MD,
CD; DEL TREE, WindowsWINDOWS GUI, Desktop and its elements, Windows Explorer,
Working with files and folders, setting time and date, Title Bar, Scroll Bars, Menu and Tool Bars,
MS-Word Text, graphics, Text boxes, viewing the documents, character and paragraph formatting,
page setup, header, footer.

Reference Books:
1. Raja Raman V. (2004), Introduction to Information Technology. PHL
2. Jain, V. K.; Information Technology, S. K. Kataria
3. V. K. Jain & Pankaj Bhambri, Fundamentals of Information Technology, S. K. Kataria
4. P. K. Sinha and P. Sinha, Foundation of Computing, BPB

B. Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Introductory Agriculture (Ancient Heritage, Agricultural Scenario and Gender Equity in
Paper Code: AG102
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

1 (1+0)
History of Agricultural development in India, Factors affecting crop production; Soil factors; Social
and economic factors, Diversity in physiographic; Soil groups; Dry and irrigated agriculture,
Farming systems approach; Value addition; Requirements in new technology and research, Role of
women in Agriculture.

Reference Books:
1. Noor Mohammed (ed.), New Dimensions in agricultural geography: Vol.1. Historical
Dimensions of agriculture. Concept Publishing Co., New Delhi.
2. Purseglove, J.W. 1974. Tropical Crops: Dicotyledons. The English Language Book Society and
Longman, London
3. Randhawa, M.S. 1980-1986. A History of Agriculture in India Vol. I to IV Indian Council of
Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
4. Samantha R.K (ed.). 1995. Women in Agriculture-Perspectives, Issues and Experiences, M.D.
Publishes, New Delhi.
5. Iftikhar Ahmed (ed), Technology and Rural Women: Conceptual and Empirical Issues.
HarperCollins Publishers Ltd
6. Janick, J., Schery, R.W., Woods, F.W., and Ruttan, V.W. 1981. Plant Science: An Introduction to
World Crops. W.H. Freeman and Company, San Francisco.
7. Craig Sheaffer, Kristine Moncada Introduction to Agronomy: Food, Crops, and Environment.
Cengage Learning; 2 edition.

B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Human Values and Agricultural Ethics
Paper Code: BM121
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

2 (2+0)
Human Value Education: Understanding the need, basic guidelines, content and process for value
education, self exploration- its content and process: natural acceptance experiential validation- as the
mechanism for self exploration, continuous happiness and prosperity-A look at basic human
aspiration, right understanding, relationship and physical facilities-the basic requirement for
fulfillment of aspirations of every human being with their correct priority, understanding happiness
and prosperity correctly. Introduction to ethical concept: Definition of agricultural ethics and values,
ethical rules of agricultural workers. Farm structure ethics, Animal ethics, ethics of food safety,
Environmental impact of agricultural practices and ethical concern, Ethics of international trade,
Food security, Social justice in farming, Research ethics. Values and value jugdements. Moral rights
and moral rules, Moral character and responsibilities, privacy, confidentiality. Ethics as Law.
Professional responsibility: The basis and scope of professional responsibility, profession and norms
of professional conducts, ethical standards versus profession, culpable mistakes, the autonomy of
professions and codes of ethics. Employee status and professionalism. Valuing timeco-operation
commitment. Global issues: A Glimpse of life stories: life story of prophet Mohammad, Mahatma
Gandhi, Swami Vivekanand, Marie Curie and Steve Jobs.

Reference Books:
1. R.R. Gaur, R. Sangal, G.P. Bagaria, 2009, A foundation course in value education.

Relevant CDs, Movies, Documentaries & other literature:

2. Value education website,
3. Story Of Stuff, http://www.story of
4. Al Gore, An Inconvenient truth, paramount classics, USA
5. Charlie Chaplin, Modern times, United States, USA
6. IIT Delhi, Modern Technology- The Untold Story
7. The hundred, Michael Hart.

B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Principles of Agronomy and Agricultural Meteorology
Paper Code: AG103
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

3 (2+1)
Meaning and scope of Agronomy: National and International Agricultural Research Institutes in
India, Agro-climatic zones of India and Rajasthan. Tillage, crops stand establishment, Planting
geometry and its effect on growth and yield cropping systems, Harvesting Agricultural meteorology:
Weather and climate, micro-climate, weather elements. Earths atmosphere. Composition and
structure, solar radiation, Nature, properties, depletion, solar constant and energy balance,
Atmospheric temperature, factors affecting horizontal and vertical distribution, variations and global
warming. Air Pressure variations; Wind: factors affecting, cyclones and anticyclones and general
circulation. Atmospheric humidity, vapour pressure and saturation, Process of condensation,
formation of dew, fog, mist, snow, rain and hail; Formation and classification of clouds, Introduction
to monsoon, Basics of weather forecasting.
Practical: Study of tillage implements, Practice of ploughing, Practice of puddling, study of seeding
equipments and introduction of remote sensing, Different methods of sowing, Study of manures,
fertilizers and green manure crops/seeds (including calculations), Study of intercultivation,
implements and practice, Practice of methods of fertilizer applications, Participation in ongoing field
operations, Site selection for Agromet observatory, Measurement of temperature, Measurement of
rainfall, Measurement of evaporation (atmospheric/soil), Measurement of atmospheric pressure,
Measurement of sunshine duration and solar radiation, Measurement of wind direction and speed and
relative humidity, Study of weather forecasting and synoptic charts.

Reference Books:
1. SR Reddy, Principles of Agronomy, 4th Edition, Kalyani Publishers
2. SR Reddy, Principles of Crop Production, Kalyani Publishers, ISBN 9788127243197
3. Agronomy Terminology, Indian Society of Agronomy, New Delhi.
4. Reddy and Reddy, Principals of Agronomy
5. Textbook of Agricultural Meteorology, ICAR publication

B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Introduction to Soil Science
Paper Code: AG104
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

3 (2 + 1)
Soil: Pedological and Edhaphological concepts, Origin of the earth, Earths crust; Composition:
Rocks and minerals weathering, Soil formation factors and processes. Components of soils; Soil
profile, Soil physical properties, Soil texture, Textural classes, Particle size analysis, soil structure,
classification, Soil aggregates, Significance, Soil consistency, Soil crusting, Bulk density and particle
density of soils & porosity, their significance and manipulation, Soil compaction, Soil color,
Elementary knowledge of soil classification and soils of India: Soil water, Retention and potentials,
Soil moisture constants, Movement of soil water, Infiltration, Percolation, Permeability, Drainage,
Methods of determination of soil moisture, Thermal properties of soils, Soil temperature, Soil air,
Gaseous exchange, Influence of soil temperature and air on plant growth; Soil collides, Properties,
Nature, types and significance; Layers silicate clays, their genesis and sources of charges, Adsorption
of ion, Ion exchange, CEC and AEC factors influencing ion exchange and its Significance, Soil
organic matter, Composition, Decomposition, Humus, Fractionation of organic matter, Carbon cycle,
C:N ratio. Soil biology, Biomass, Soil organisms and their beneficial and harmful roles.
Practical: Determination of bulk density and particle density, Aggregate analysis, Soil strength, Soil
moisture determination, Soil moisture constants-Field capacity infiltration rate, Water holding
capacity, Soil texture and mechanical analysis-Soil temperature, Analytical chemistry-Basic
concepts, techniques and calculations, Collection and processing of soil for analysis- Organic carbon,
pH, EC, soluble cations and anions, Study of a soil profile, Identification of rocks and minerals.

Reference Books:
1. The Nature and Properties of Soil Brady, N.C. & Weil, R.R., Macmillan
2. Textbook of Soil Physics M.C. Oswal, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co.
3. Soil Physics Marshall, T.J., Holmes, J.W. & Rose, C.W., Cambridge Univ. Press
4. Fundamentals of Soil Science ICAR Publication, New Delhi
5. Soil Plant Water Analysis: A Methods Manual- Dhyan Singh, PK Chhonkar, RN Pandey, ICAR,
New Delhi
6. Text Book of Soil Physics A.K. Saha, Kalyani Publication, New Delhi
7. Soil Science Terminology Indian Society of Soil Science

B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Agricultural Microbiology
Paper Code: AG105
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

3 (2+1)
History of microbiology, Spontaneous generation theory, role of microbes in fermentation, germ
theory of disease, protection against infections, applied areas of microbiology, Metabolism in
bacteria: ATP generation, chemoautotrophy, photoautotrophy, respiration, fermentation.
Bacteriophages: structure and properties of bacterial viruses- lytic and lysogenic cycles: viroids,
prions, bacterial genetics: gene expression: genetic recombination: transformation, conjugation and
transduction, genetic engineering, plasmid episomes, genetically modified organisms. Soil
microbiology, Microbial groups in soil, microbial transformation of carbon, nitrogen and sulphur,
biological nitrogen fixation, microflora of rhizosphere and phyllosphere, microbes in composting.
Microbiology of water, Microbiology of food: microbial spoilage and principals of food preservation.
Beneficial microorganisms in agriculture: biofertilizer (bacterial, cyano-bacterial and fungal),
microbial insecticides, microbial agents for control of plant diseases, biodegradation, bio-gas
production, bio-degradable plastics, plant-microbe interactions.
Practical: General instructions, familiarization with instruments, materials, glasswares, etc. in a
microbiology laboratory, Practice of aseptic methods: I-Evolution of aseptic technique with nutrient
broth tubes, II-Evolution of aseptic technique with a nutrient agar plates, Methods of sterilization in
preparation of media: I-Preparation of nutrient broth, nutrient agar plates, nutrient agar slants and
nutrient agar stabling, II-Sterilization of glasswares by dry heating, III-Sterilization of nutrient broth
by filtration, Plating methods for isolation and purification of bacteria: I-Isolation of bacteria by
streak plate method, II-Isolation of aerobic spore forming bacteria by enrichment using streak plate
method, III-Checking of purity of a bacterial culture by streak plating method, Identification of
bacteria by staining methods and biochemical tests: I-Morphological examination of bacteria by
simple and differential staining, II-Different biochemical tests for identification of bacterial culture.
Enumeration of bacteria: I-Enumeration of bacteria by stain slide method, II-Enumeration of bacteria
by Most probable method, III-Enumeration of bacteria by Pour plate method and Spread plate

Reference Books:
1. Tortora, Funke & Case, Microbiology: An Introduction. 11 edition, Benjamin Cummings
2. Alexander N. Glazer and Hiroshi Nikaido, Microbial Biotechnology: Fundamentals of Applied
Microbiology. Cambridge University Press
3. Lansing M. Prescott, Microbiology. 8th Edition, Mc Graw
4. Pelczar, Chan and Krieg, Microbiology. New York : McGraw-Hill
5. Cappuccino, Sherman, Microbiology: a laboratory manual. Benjamin-Cummings Publishing

B.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Fundamental of Horticulture
Paper Code: HT111
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

3 (2+1)
Importance and scope of Horticulture in India with special reference to U.P., Classification of fruits
based on soil and climate, Layout of an orchard, Propagation techniques of fruit plants, Principles
and methods of pruning and training, Irrigation of fruit trees, Macro and Micro-nutrients use in
Practical: Different techniques of propagation, Use of planting board, Pruning and training tools and
implements, Spraying of nutrients to overcoming deficiencies in the fruit plants.

Reference Books:
1. George Acquaah, Horticulture. 10th edition, Kalyani Publishers.
2. Handbook of Horticulture, ICAR
3. Ornamental Horticulture in India, ICAR

B. Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture
Syllabus: Functional Skills in English
Paper Code: LN102
w.e.f. Session 2014-15

3 (2+1)
Basic Grammar: Articles, Prepositions, Tenses (kinds and uses), Subject-verb agreement, kinds of
Basic Vocabulary: Synonyms, Antonyms, Word-formation, One-word substitution, Words often
Basic composition: Paragraph writing and Essay writing.
Basic phonetics: Syllable, Stress, The sounds of English.
Short stories: The Meeting Pool by Ruskin Bond and The Portrait of a Lady by Khushwant
Practical: Introduction (Instructor, students and curriculum), Listening exercises, Framing questions,
Making small talks, Presentation-making tips, Dos and donts/group presentations.
Group presentations
Phonetic alphabet (IPA)
Phonetic transcription

Reference Books:
1. Written and Spoken Communication in English, University Press (India) Pvt. Ltd.
2. Business Communication techniques and methods, by Om P. Juneja and Aarati Mujumdar,
Orient BlackSwan Pvt. Ltd.
3. Strengthen your English, M. P. Bhaskaran, D. HorsBurgh, Oxford University Press.
4. A Handbook of Standard English and Indian Usage-Vocabulary and Grammar, J. Sethi, Prentice
Hall of India Pvt. Ltd.