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Temperature Pressure Wind Moisture

Latitude The Earths rotation on its axis No relationship. Pressure Seven surface components that are Precipitation and
changes the angle of sunlight at depends on air density and replicated north and south of the moisture content are
certain latitudes, therefore temperature. equator. They are intertropical distributed along the
changing the temperature at that convergence zone, trade winds, globe. There are
latitude. This has a major impact westerlies, polar front, polar regions of high
on temperature. easterlies, and polar highs. precipitation and
humidity and regions
of low precipitation
and humidity.

Land and Land and water heat and cool at Minor impact on pressure. Has Sea and land breezes are common Water vapor can take
different rates. Land heats up more impact on wind. Pressure along coastlines. Sea breeze on forms of haze, fog,
Water faster and gets hotter than water. affects every solid or liquid (daytime) blow from sea to land cloud, rain, sleet,
Distribution Land also cools faster and to lower surface that it touches. and land breezes (night time) blow hail, or snow. Causes
temperatures than water. This is a from land to sea. This is caused by short run changes to
moderate effect to temperature. the differential heating of land and landscape and bodies
water. of water. Also,
essential to survival
of vegetation and life

Atmospheric 75 to 80 percent of all horizontal Major effect on pressure. No circulation cells for the middle Atmospheric lifting is
heat is done by atmospheric Descending air tends to be and high latitudes. Low-latitude the rise of air There
Circulation circulation. This is major impact associated with high pressure at cells can be thought of as gigantic are four types lifting:
on temperature. the surface, while rising air convection systems. Two prominent convective,
tends to be more associated tropical circulation systems are orographic, frontal,
with low pressure at the surface. called Hadley cells. and convergent. All
cause air to be lifted
an moisture to be
transformed into
other forms.
Oceanic The general circulation of the Not really any effect on Wind blowing along the surface of Not much influence
oceans is a poleward flow of warm pressure. More associated with the wind pushes the ocean and has on the moisture
Circulation tropical water along the east atmospheric circulation. a major influence on the circulation content. Water is
coasts of continents and an of the ocean. evaporated from the
equatorward movement of cool, ocean but the
high latitude water along the west currents to not have
coasts of continents. This is a much influence on
moderate impact on temperature. the moisture

Elevation Air temperature changes with Air pressure is normally highest At lower altitudes, the wind flow is As air rises, its
altitude. There are cool and warm at sea level and decreases turbulent and irregular because it pressure decreases
layers of the atmosphere as rapidly with increasing altitude. encounters friction. At higher and it expands and
elevation increases. Warm layers Moderate effect on pressure altitudes, wind flow is much cools. When it
are caused by the warmth of the straighter reaches its dew
Earth and absorption of the Suns point, condensation
ultraviolet rays. This is a moderate begins. With this,
affect to temperature. temperature
decreases and

Topographical Topographical barriers such as Topographical barriers such as Mountain breezes and valley Topographical
hills and mountains affect mountains and hills moderately breezes are a result of barriers have
Barriers temperature in the fact that they affect pressure. Because topographical barriers. In a influence on the form
make a map of the temperatures Pressure decreases with an mountain breeze, mountain slopes that moisture in the
harder to comprehend because increase in altitude, the higher lose heat rapidly, chills the air air takes on. It can be
they cause elevation and in areas up on these barriers, the lower around and causes it to slip fog, dew, rain, hail, or
of elevation like that, the pressure. downhill. In a valley breeze, the snow.
temperatures are lower than that rising air causes clouds to form and
of the temperatures at sea level. around the peaks and afternoon
This is a minor effect on showers are common in high
temperature. country. Also, are descending winds
from cold upland areas and cascade
toward lower elevation. Foehn and
chinook winds are also two more
downslope winds.
Storms Temperature increases or Dependent upon the type of Winds in hurricanes and tornadoes Moisture content
decreases dependent upon the storm, pressure decreases or can be highly destructive. Strong during a storm can
type of front that moves into the increases. Major storms like winds in tornadoes move debris take on forms such as
area. These fronts cause tornados and hurricanes are low around in the air making it torrential rain, hail,
atmospheric disturbances and pressure and can be highly hazardous. Storm surges that are sleet, and snow.
potentially storms. destructive. wind-driven water cause the most These cause mass
destruction in hurricanes. amounts if
destruction and even