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274

CONTENTS

CARPENTRY: TOOLS 275

BUILDING MATERIALS 286

LOCK 289

MASONRY 291

PLUMBING: BATHROOM 292

PLUMBING 294

LADDERS AND STEPLADDERS 302

PAINTING UPKEEP 304

SOLDERING AND WELDING 305

ELECTRICITY 309

wood chisel

NAIL

"-- head

- -- shank

___ tip

CARPENTRY: TOOLS

CLAW HAMMER

handle

eye

carpenter's hammer

MALLET

BALL-PEEN HAMMER

.ball peen

framing square

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275

276

SCREWDRIVER

shank

CARPENTRY: TOOLS

SPIRAL SCREWDRIVER

jaw--,_

chuck

blade

TOGGLE BOLT

spring wing __ - __

SCREW

_- _ head

"

\

", __ slot

"

,, __ shank

----- thread

;

ratchet

spiral

handle

locking: ring

square-headed tip

expansion bolt

cross-headed tip

flat tip

TYPES OF HEADS

oval head

PLANE

lateral-adjustment lever - --

v;ed g e lever

.

front knob

depth-adjustment mechanism

heel

face

blade ..

,

toe

, , , ,

frog-adjustment screw

cap iron

HACKSAW

adjustable frame

.

file

,

blade

HANDSAW

handle



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277

CARPENTRY: TOOLS

SLIP JOINT PLIERS

curved jaw _

slip joint

handle

RIB JOINT PLIERS

adjustable channel

__ - - straight Jaw

- nut

--- __ bolt

LOCKING PLIERS

spring

lever

adjusting screw

toothed jaw

"

rivet

rei ease I eve r

WASHERS

flat washer

lock washer

internal tooth lock washer

external tooth lock washer

278

~-

CRESCENT WRENCH

fixed jaw __ ',

handle

movable jaw - _:

thumbscrew

open end wrench

combination box and open end wrench

flare nut wrench

ratchet box end wrench

box end wrench

nut

SHOULDER BOll

shoulder

acorn nut

BOLT

"

nut

,

threaded rod

wing nut

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279

CARPENTRY: TOOLS

ELECTRIC DRILL

name plate --,

,

, , ,

warning plate --',

.: - switch lock

housing - -- _

- switch

... ... UI II'! D:: :::::. o >

t-!-

-

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e

chuck

auxiliary handle

jaw

pistol grip handle

- - - cable sleeve

cable --- __

plug - - --_

--jlj' _ _'_"

HAND DRILL

turning handle - - - --

side handle- - - - -- - --

main handle

jaw

---- drive wheel

-- -- - pinion

---- chuck

"'-- drill

280

TWIST DRILL

front knob

"-- quill

chuck key

}--- shank

_-- flute

_--- land

----- body

-. - - - fluted land

_ _ _ _ _ - - - lead screw

handle

pawl --,

ratchet --

countersink

double-twist auger bit

- cam ring

, , r ,

I

chuck

AUGER BIT

single twist - - - --

spur --,

lead screw --- _

BRACE

jaw

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281

282

CARPENTRY: TOOLS

(-CLAMP

fixed jaw _

movable jaw __ - --

"

swivel head __ .:

_ - throat

adjusting screw ----------

-- frame

VISE

movable jaw --- _

.>: fixed iaw

adiusting screw

,

handle

,

swivel ba~e

fixed base

head - ---_

------ motor

cord sleeve - --

------- switch

'de handle -gUi

- - - depth adjustment

collet --

- tool holder

base ---- _

f ty guard - - -pulley sa et

switch--- -----

" "

- - -- - - feed lever

depth stop --

quill--'-

"

chuck --'

- - - table-locking clamp

--_ column

base - --

ROUTER

DRILL PRESS

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283

284

CARPENTRY: TOOLS

CIRCULAR SAW BLADE

." tooth

----- tip

CIRCULAR SAW

handle

trigger switch

, ,

blade

,

, , , ,

.-- - height adjustment scale

upper blade guard

_-- motor

, ,

blade tilting mechanism

.: - - blade tilting lock

,

lower blade gua;d

blade locking b~lt

knob handle

rip fence

base plate

TABLE SAW

:-- blade guard

table

/- blade

miter gau.ge slot

, ,

/- - rip fence

.:

table extension

rip fence guide g

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""

rip fence lock

"

rip fence slot

rip fence rule

blade tilting' mech .

_ ... amsm

miter gauge

blade height adjustment

switch

285

BASIC BUILDING MATERIALS

BUILDING MATERIALS

brick

steel

p rest res s ed co n crete

COVERING MATERIALS

tile

I ULJUU ll]!{

gypsum tile

286

reinforced concrete

plain gypsum lath

stone

concrete block

""
"" ""
"" "" ~
"" ~ ... ~
~ ~ diamond mesh metal lath

floor tile

asphalt shingle

spring-metal insulation

foam-rubber insulation

vinyl insulation

loose fill insulation

board insulation

INSULATING MATERIALS

molded insulation

pipe-wrapping insulation

blanket insulation

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287

288

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W II!ii Y/I!··WI,!· lilli! W! f.~~

laminboard

WOOD

WOOD-BASED MATERIALS

---<~

BUILDING MATER'IALS

SECTION OF A LOG

multi-ply plywood

BOARD

face side --' __

grain _

back

edge

peeled veneer

hardboard

GENERAL VIEW

WOOD·BASED MATERIALS

perforated hardboard

plastic-laminated particle board

particle board

LOCK

lock- -_

dead bolt----

escutcheon - - - _

faceplate - - - _

latch bolt, .>"

rose __ --

doorknob __ --

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289

LOCK

MORTISE LOCK

cylinder

,-- stator

key --'

_------ spflng

- - - - - - cotter pin

-_ - cylinder case

'-- dead bolt

"-- keyway

'<,; faceplate

'- - ring

TUBULAR LOCK

bolt

__ - spindle

rose

faceplate

latch bolt

'--- - inside knob

- - - - push-button

290

MASONRY

MASON'S TROWEL

square trowel

/-- tang

handle

,

blade

bricklayer's hammer

hawk

joint filler

spirit level

CAULKING GUN

cartridge

piston release

tip

,

no~zle

gun

piston lever _

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291

292

PLUMBING: BATHROOM

sliding door

shower stall

spray hose

portable shower head

overflow

.

,

shower head

faucet

mirror

, , ,

tissue holder

bidet

sink

toilet Lank

tub platform

vanity cabinet

,

toilet

bathtub

soap dish

seal

towel bar

TOILET

llush handle

overflow tube

refill tube

trip lever

tank lid --,

,- - float ball

" .: - I ift chain

"

seat cover

ball-cock supply valve

seat

filler tube --

tank ball-----

valve seat shaft -_/

conical washer --,'

cold-water supply line --'

, ,

shutoff valve __ :

,

trap __ ,'

wax seal

waste pipe

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293

294

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BALL-TYPE FAUCET

STEM FAUCET

PLUMBING

spindle - - __

_'-- washer

.r : stem holder

spout - -'.

- - stem washer

thread --,'

valve seat

handle

- - - - - __ bonnet

aerator --'

- - - - - __ body

- - packing retainer ring

washer ----

_. - - ball assembly

valve seat --_

spring __ .'

-=-:II

bonnet----

handle -----

cylinder - -- __

_ -- - seal

spout - - __

--- water inlet

aerator - -,'

escutcheon

lever cover- - - - - - - - ~

lever

'. - - cartridge stem

cartridge - --

DISC FAUCET

CARTRIDGE FAUCET

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295

296

.... .... ....

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PLUMBINCo

GARBAGE DISPOSAL SINK

lever

spout assembly ;;09"-hOOd'::""hOO f'~

/'

spray head --- --- --_

,- - escutcheon

sink

rubber gasket __ .:

locknut --:

"

strainer cou piing _ -'

garbage disposa] unit

supply tube

, , ,

tailpiece

spray hose

cold-water supply line

, , ,

cleano~t

hot-water supply line

shutoff valve

trap

GAS WATER-HEATER TANK

flue hal--·

hot-water outlet - - --

insulation - - - - - - ---

,- - pressure-rei ief valve

anode rod - --

_--- control box

flue ----

,- - reset button

- - - - overflow pipe

- - . cold-water supply line

outer jacket - - - - --.

,- - thermostat

glass-lined tank - - --

.,,-- gas cock

"

gas burner - "v , ,

- - - temperature control

drain valve

- - -""- - pilot gas tube

".- - thermocouple tube

thermocouple

burner gas lube

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297

298

WASHER

DISHWASHER

PLUMBING: EXAMPLES OF BRANCHING

- - - - -- - ---- - air chamber

cold-water supply line

hot-water supply line

washer ------

.- - - - - - - standpipe

house drain

air chamber -

drain hose

dishwasher

waste tee -

hot-water supply line

shutoff valve hot-water supply line

lube (utter

plunger

PLUMBING

PLUMBING TOOLS

soldering torch

pencil point tip - - - - --

adjustable spud wrench

disposable fuel cylinder --

chain pipe wrench

pipe threader

plumber's snake

tube flaring tool

basin wrench

hacksaw

valve seat wrench

299

300

PLUMBING

MECHANICAL CONNECTORS

compression fitting

connector

gasket

nut

flare joint

nut

tube end

connector

union

ring nut --',

- - - union nut

pipe B

"

union nut __ ,'

gasket

steel to plasuc

45° elbow

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tee

square head plug

reducing coupllnq

copper to plastic

elbow

Y-branch

cap

threaded cap

offset

llush bushing

pipe coupling

TRANSITION FITIINGS

copper to steel

FITIINGS

U-bend

trap

nipple

hexagon bushing

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301

302

LADDERS AND STEPLADDERS

EXTENSION LADDER

STEPLADDER

••••• top

step stool

locking device __ :

PLATFORM LADDER

___ safety rail

hoisting rope __ '

__ platform

-- step

__ ru bber tip

anti-slip sho~

,

straiqht ladder

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foldaway ladder

hook ladder

rope ladder

303

I a dde r scaffo Id

fruit-picking ladder

304

SPRAY PAINT GUN

air cap - -,'

trigger -------

PAINTING UPKEEP

___ - spreader adjustment screw

.:

___ - - fluid adjustment screw

- - - -- - - - - air valve

-- - - - - - - - - gun body

vent hole ------

- - air hose connection

container - --

BRUSH

• - -- handle

SCRAPER

blade -- -- __

,

knurled bolt

handle

PAINT ROLLER

- - - bristles

tray -- _

roller frame - -_

roller cover - - __

SOLDERING AND WELDING

soldering iron

SOLDERING GUN

"

"-- heating element

- - -_ - - on-off switch

- - - - pistol grip handle

ARC WELDING

cord sleeve - - --

electrode holder

electrode

electrode lead

arc welding machine

work lead

, ,

ground damp

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305

306

SOLDERING AND WELDING

CUTTING TORCH

- - - cutting tip

cutting oxygen hand Ie - - --

WELDING TORCH

oxygen valve

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acetylene val~e

mixing chamber

- - - - - - - bottle cart

PRESSURE REGULATOR

_ - - pressure reg ulator

working pressure gauge

cylinder pressure gauge

- - oxygen cylinder

- - acetylene cylinder

--- hose

- welding torch

adjusting screw

, ,

check valve

BunWELDING

- - - - filler rod

- - --- - - - welding torch

weld bead ---"

metal A--'<

SOLDERING TORCH

pencil point tip -- -- - - - --

tip cleaners

flame spreader tip

STRIKER

disposable fuel cylinder - - - - --

CI

9 ~

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307

SOLDERING AND WELDING: PROTECTIVE CLOTHING

goggles

gauntlet

mitten

308

hand shield

face shield

welding curtain

dimmer switch

switch

AMERICAN PLUG

blade

ELECTRICITY

switch plate

o

o

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electrical box

grounding prong

9 rounding prong - --

blade --,'

LAMP SOCKET

insu lating sleeve - - - - -.

outer shell- - -

EUROPEAN PLUG

terminal

cover--···

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309

310

... ..... ....

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ELECTRICITY

ELECTRICIAN'S TOOLS

multimeter

housing

- - probe

digital display --

data hold - -_

auto/rna nual ra nge - --

cord

selector switch - .:»

\- - input terminal

continuity tester

receptacle analyzer

neon tester

hiqh-vol taqe tester

voltage tester

insulated blade - -_

Insulated handle ---_

neon lamp -----

drop light

bulb ----

hook __ .--

reflector __ .:»

guard __ .'

convenience outlet __ .:»

handle ----

cord _

multipurpose tool

.,.-- pivot

. __ - - - - - wire cutter

- - - - - - -- wire stripper

hammer

insulated handle

fuse puller

, , , ,

cable ripper

fish wire

needle-nose pliers

ELECTRICIAN'S TOOLS

lineman's pliers

wire cutter--"

pivot--"

insulated handle - - --

cutter

wire nut

adjustment wheel- - - - -

wire stripper

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311

312

ELECTRICITY

FUSE BOX

.•. - - 240-voll Feeder cable

knockout

bondmq Jumper

- - con nector

main breaker --_

double pole breaker --

I

_- - _ main power cable

single pole breaker· - _

- ground bond

9round fault orcutt __ interrupter '

240-volt circuit

120-volt circuit

neu tral wire - - -

- - neutral service wire

- - hot bus bar

terminal ---

"-- ground

--

ground wire

ground connecuen

FUSES

ca rtridge fuse

plug fuse

knife-blade cartridge Fuse

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