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Unidad 1. Conjuntos, relaciones y funciones.

3
Instrucciones: Dadas () = 2 4 , () = 9 , () = 3 e () = 2 4.
3

Obtn el dominio, contradominio y grfica de:

a) () =
2 4 = 0
2 4
=
2 2
=2 = [2, ) =[0, )
x f(x)
2 0 12
( )=(2 4)
3 1.41421356
10
4 2
5 2.44948974 8
6 2.82842712 6
7 3.16227766 (7, 3.2)
(9, 3.7)
4 (5, 2.4)
8 3.46410162 (10, 4)
(3, 1.4) (8, 3.5)
9 3.74165739 2 (6, 2.9)
(2, 0) (4, 2)
10 4 0
-12 -10 -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6 8 10 12
-2

-4

-6

-8

-10

-12
b) () =
=(-, )
=(-, )

() = 9 (, ())

-4 9 = 4 9 (-4 , -13)
-3 9 = 3 9 (-3 , -12)
-2 9 = 2 9 (-2 , -11)
-1 9 = 1 9 (-1 , -10)
0 9= 09 (0 , -9)
1 9= 19 (1 , -8)
2 9= 29 (2 , -7)
3 9= 39 (3 , -6)
4 9= 49 (4 , -5)

c) () =

=(-, )
=(-, )

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(5 , 26.7)
x (x,h(x)) 23
-5 -26.6666667
-4 -9.33333333
-3 0 13
-2 3.33333333
(4 , 9.3)
-1 2.66666667 (-2 , 3.3) (-1 , 2.7)
0 0 (-3 , 0) 3
(0 , 0) (3 , 0)
1 -2.66666667
-6 -4 -2 0 2 4 6
2 -3.33333333
(1 , -2.7) (2 , -3.3)
3 0 -7
(-4 , -9.3)
4 9.33333333
5 26.6666667
-17

(-5 , -26.7)
-27

) [ + ]() = () + () = + = +

[+] =(-, )
[+] =(-, )

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x [g+h](x)
-4 -22.3333333 [g+h](x)
-3 -12 25
-2 -7.66666667 21
-1 -7.33333333 17
0 -9
13
1 -10.6666667
9
2 -10.3333333 (4, 4.33)
5
3 -6
4 4.33333333 1
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 -3 0 1 2 3 4 5
(-2, -7.7)
-7 0, -9
(1, -10.7) (3, -6)
(-1, -7.3) -11
(-3, -12) (2, -10.3)
-15
(-4, -22.3) -19
-23
-27

e) [ ]() = () () = ( ) ( ) = +
[] =(-, )
[] =[5, )

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x [i-g](x)
-4 25 [i-g](x)= ^2 +5
-3 17 28
-2 11
(-4, 25) 26 (5, 25)
-1 7
24
0 5
1 5 22
2 7 20
3 11 18 (4, 17)
(-3, 17)
4 17
16
5 25
14

12
(-2, 11) (3, 11)
10

8 (2, 7)
(-1, 7) 6 (0, 5)
4 (1, 5)
2

0
-5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6
-2

-4

-6

-8

-10

f) [ ]() = () () = ( )( )= +
[] =(-, )
[] =(-, )

x [gxh](x)
-3 -60
-2 0
-1 30
0 36
1 24
2 0
3 -30
4 -60
5 -84
6 -96
7 -90
8 -60
9 0

[gxh](x)= ^39 ^24 +36

60

50

40 (0, 36)
(-1, 30)
30
(1, 24)
20

10
(-2, 0) (2, 0) (9, 0)
0
-4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
-10

-20
(3, -30)
-30

-40

-50
(4, -60) (8, -60)
(-3, -60) -60

-70

-90 (6, -96)

(7, -90)
-100

()
g)[ ] () = =
()

[] =[3, ) U [-3, -)

[] =[3, ) U [-3, -)

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x [g/i](x)
-8 -12.140625
-7 -11.1836735
-6 -10.25
-5 -9.36
-4 -8.5625
-3 -8
-2 -8.25
-1 -14
0 0
1 -12
2 -4.25
3 -2
4 -0.5625
5 0.64
6 1.75
7 2.81632653
8 3.859375
6
(8, 3.86)
4 (7, 2.81)
(6, 1.75)
2 (5, 0.64)
(0, 0)
0
-9 -8 -7 -6 -5 -4 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
-2 (4, -0.56)
(3, -2)
-4
(2, -4.25)
-6
(-3, -8) (-2, -8.25)
(-5, -9.36) -8

(-7, -11.18) (-4, -8.56) -10

(-6, -10.25) -12
(-8, -12.14) (1, -12)
-14
(-1, -14)
-16

h) [ ]() = (()) = ( ) = ( ) = + = +
[ ] =(- , )
[ ] =[-4, )

[ ]() (, [ ]())

-1 (1)2 18(1) + 77 (-1 , 96)

0 (0)2 18(0) + 77 (0 , 77)
1 (1)2 18(1) + 77 (1, 60)
2 (2)2 18(2) + 77 (2 , 45)
3 (3)2 18(3) + 77 (3 , 32)
4 (4)2 18(4) + 77 (4 , 21)
5 (5)2 18(5) + 77 12
6 (6)2 18(6) + 77 5
7 (7)2 18(7) + 77 0
8 (8)2 18(8) + 77 -3
9 (9)2 18(9) + 77 -4
10 (10)2 18(10) + 77 -3
11 (11)2 18(11) + 77 0
12 (12)2 18(12) + 77 5
13 (13)2 18(13) + 77 12
14 (14)2 18(14) + 77 21
15 (15)2 18(15) + 77 32
16 (16)2 18(16) + 77 45
17 (17)2 18(17) + 77 60
18 (18)2 18(18) + 77 77
19 (19)2 18(19) + 77 96

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