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Key Terms

Accident: Harmful event that is unexpected or without apparent cause.

Act: As a statute, decree, or enactment resulting from a decision by a legislative body.
ANSI: American National Standards Institute.
Block: Sheaves or grooved pulleys in a frame with a hook, eye, and strap.
Boom: An inclined spar, strut, or other long member supporting the hoisting tackle.
Boom angle indicator: An accessory device that measures the angle of the boom base section centerline to
horizontal load and the weight of the object being lifted which includes load blocks and hooks, wire ropes,
rigging, boom attachments, and ancillary attachments.
Boom stops: A device used to limit the angle of the boom at its highest position.
Brake: To slow or stop motion by friction or power.
Counterweight: Weights used for balancing loads and the weight of the crane in providing stability.
Crane: Consists of a rotating structure on rubber tires or crawler treads used for lifting and lowering
Key Terms
Deck: The revolving superstructure or turntable bed.
Drum: The spool or cylindrical member around which cables are wound for raising and lowering loads.
Hoist: Used to lift and lower load.
Jib: Extension attached to the boom point to provide added boom length for lifting specified loads.
OSHA: Occupational Safety and Health Administration.
Outriggers: Support members attached to the crane’s carrier frame that are used to level and stabilize the
PCSA: Power Crane and Shovel Association.
Pendants: Stationary wire ropes used to support the boom.
Radius: The horizontal distance from the axis of the rotation of the crane’s superstructure to the center of the
suspended load.
Standards: Measure of comparison for quantitative or qualitative value; a criterion.
Superstructure: The rotating frame, gantry, and boom or other operating equipment.
The employer should designate a competent person
to inspect all of the machinery and equipment
before and during use to ensure that they are
within safe working parameters. All deficiencies
must be promptly repaired, and defective parts
replaced before the machine can be used.