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This section sets out the required standard or workmanship and materials for the supply,
delivery, installation, testing and commissioning of soil and waste pipes, ventilation pipes,
anti-syphonage pipes, floor traps, gully traps, manholes (where indicated on the drawings),
and grease interceptor (where indicated) to complete the Sanitary Plumbing system as
shown on the accompanying drawings and as specified hereafter to the satisfaction of the
Local Authority, the Ministry of Health, Architect and other relevant authorities.
The Contractor providing all labour, materials, tools and equipment required to complete
this Sanitary Plumbing installation except the sanitary fittings. All materials, fittings and
fixtures, apparatus and all other items shall be new and unused, be of best quality of their
respective kinds, sound, free from defects and approved for use by the respective Authority.
All underground pipes connecting the sanitary appliance, floor trap, gully traps, grease traps
and vertical stacks and terminate at the manholes as indicated in the drawing shall be by this
Contractor. On completion of all the underground pipe work all surplus soil shall be spread
and leveled off, or removed from the site.


All work performed under this Contract complying in every respect with the Local Authority
By-Laws and Drainage, Sanitation and Sanitary By-Laws of the proposed Street, Drainage and
Building Act. 1974. The Contractor be responsible to apply for and obtain Local Authority
approval of all works before covering up. Any work not approved by the Local Authority
shall be rectified to meet their requirements at the expense of the Contractor.


The Sanitary Plumbing installation shall comply with the following By-Laws:

(i) Drainage, Sanitation and Sanitary Plumbing By-Laws of the proposed Street,
Drainage and Building Act, 1974.

(ii) Local Authority By-Laws in force at time of installation.


All sanitary appliances and fittings except traps shall be supplied under separate section of
the contract. Fixing and installation shall be under this section of the contract, unless
otherwise indicated in the drawings. The Contractor shall connect all soil and waste pipes to
these appliances, including the furnishing of the necessary connector where required. It is
the responsibility of the Contractor to ensure that proper installation and connections are

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(a) Above Ground

The pipes and fittings shall comply in all respects with the requirements of British
Standard 4514 and approved by the local authority.

Pipes shall be supplied in plain-ended lengths.

The method of jointing to be employed shall be that of solvent welding using the
manufacturers approved cement. Seal ring fittings shall be used where necessary to
accommodate thermal movement, or the sockets of standard fittings shall be
converted to seal ring joints by the addition of a seal ring adaptor.

The grade of UPVC used for the pipe shall have a minimum softening point of 820C
when tested by the Vicat method as described in British Standard 2782: Part 1: A,
method 115A, 1978 (1988).

The grade of UPVC used for the fittings shall have a minimum softening point of 790C
when tested by the Vicat method as described in British Standard 2782 Part 1:A,
method 115A, 1978 (1988).

The rubber seals for seal ring joints shall be of a section that gives more than one point
of contact with the pipe and shall be to the material requirements of British Standard
1990: 1976. Water closet connections shall be to the same British Standard.

Access shall be provided where necessary either by means of an integrally moulded

door in an access fitting with an externally fitted rubber seal and secured with two-
piece clamp type door fitted the pipe run.

(b) Underground

The pipes and fittings shall comply in all respects with the requirement of British
Standard 4660: 1989 and approved by the local authority.

The method of jointing to be employed shall be strictly to manufacturers



All material not specifically mentioned above shall conform to the latest edition of their
respective British Standard specification and shall be to the approval of the Authority.

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The installation, method of jointing and fixing shall comply in all respects to the
manufacturers site work instructions.

Maximum intervals between pipe supports shall be: -


Nominal Size (mm) Horizontal (m) Vertical (m)


32 0.5 1.2
38 0.5 1.2

Pipes shall be fixed in straight runs and all horizontal runs shall be laid to gradients in
accordance with British Standard 5572:1978 Code of Practice for sanitary pipe work, and in
any event not less than 18mm/m unless otherwise instructed.
Expansion joints shall be provided at a maximum of 4 metre centres for soil, 2 metre centres
for waste and between fixed points over 1 metre centres.
The work shall be inspected and tested during installation at agreed stages.
All work which will be concealed shall be tested before it is finally enclosed.
A final test shall be made upon completion for soundness and performance in accordance
with British Standard 5572:1978 Code of Practice for sanitary pipe work.


Soil pipes provided from water closets, urinals, and/or other equipment where the effluent
may contain faecal matter, urine and other contamination of similar nature.


A separate waste pipe shall be provided for the following:

(i) Dirty water from baths, basins, wash troughs and other waste containing a small
proportion of soap and/or dirt.

(ii) Greasy water from kitchen sinks and equipment where grease traps or interceptors
are required.


All sanitary pipe systems and fixtures must be vented.

Soil pipe or one pipe system shall in all cases be vented by the upward extension of the soil or
combined pipe.

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The upward vent pipe shall be straight and free from any bends or angles except where
unavoidable. It shall be extended through the roof to the required height, with the open end
protected by means of copper wire globe or approved cowl. No vent piping shall be less than
32 mm in diameter.

All vent and branch vent pipes shall be graded 38 mm per meter so as to drip back to the soil
or waste pipe by gravity. A branch vent must rise vertically or at an angle of not more than 450
from the vertical to a point 150mm above the fixture it is venting before running horizontally.

Vent pipes shall not be less than 50mm diameter or 2/3 of the diameter of the main soil/waste
pipe which ever the larger diameter is.


An anti-siphonage pipe shall be carried up from each fixture to the branch or main vent pipe
above the level of the fixture to prevent the loss of the water seal in traps.

No fixture shall be connected to the soil, waste or combined pipe at any point between the
trap and the anti-siphonage pipe which it serves.

In special cases and with the approval of the Authority, anti-siphonage vent pipe could be
connected to the waste, combined pipe or soil pipe on the opposite site of the water seal to
the fixture at a point which should be between 75mm to 300mm from the crown of the trap.
In the case of bath and closet pan, the vent pipe shall not exceed 1.2m from the crown of
the trap.

Before connecting to the main vent pipe all anti-siphonage pipe work shall rise above the
flood level of the sanitary appliances.

Anti-siphonage pipework shall be not less than 32mm diameter.


All offsets shall be at a grade of not less than 450 to the horizontal.

The lower end of all vertical lines of vent pipes shall connect full size, at not less than 45 0 to
the horizontal with a soil, waste or combined pipe.

Except with the written permission of the Authority, vent pipes shall not be used as waste,
combined or soil pipes.


Each sanitary appliance shall be provided with a proper trap placed as close to the appliance
outlet as possible and capable of maintaining a water seal. Such traps shall have proper
access for cleaning and if not forming and integral part of the appliance shall be subject to
approval of the Authority.

Unless otherwise stated, traps shall be of cast iron, free from holes, sand cores, cracks or any

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other defect and completely lined internally with glass enamel. Generally the trap shall be of
the same material as the soil/waste pipe.

The depth of water seal to all appliances, except W.Cs shall be 75mm. The depth of water
seal to W.Cs shall be 50mm.

(a) Floor and Gully Traps

Floor traps in ablution areas shall be 100mm diameter cast iron S traps complete
with stainless steel grating and self-tapping screw. Where UPVC pipe is specified,
the trap used shall be deep seal floor gully type of size 150mm x 80mm complete
with stainless steel tile and grid.

Gully traps to external areas shall be 100mm precast stoneware with minimum
50mm water seal and come with stainless steel grating. Dimension of gully trap
shall be 300mm x 300mm.


Testing tees shall be located on the vertical stacks between floors to enable each floor to be
tested independently as specified hereafter. Upon completion of testing, the tees shall be
sealed up with lead joint or solvent joint where UPVC pipe is specified.


Wherever reduction in pipe sizes takes place, reducing fittings must be used. Bushings will not
be permitted unless with prior permission from the Architect.


To provide access for the proper inspection, cleaning and testing of the entire length of pipe,
inspection openings and cleaning eyes shall be provided on all soil, waste and combined pipes

(i) Each change of direction of piping

(ii) Base of each soil, waste or vent stack


As soon as pipes have been installed, all openings shall be capped or plugged to prevent the
entrance of materials that would obstruct or choke the pipes. It is the responsibility of the
Contractor to ensure that caps and plugs are left in place until removal is necessary for
completion of installation.

Temporary caps and plugs shall be provided at all pipe works openings at each and every day
at the stopping of work.

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The cisterns flush pipe shall be connected to the closet pan in an approved manner.

Where indicated, UPVC overflows pipe shall be connected to the nearest drain.

Soil, waste, combined and vent pipes shall be clamped, fixed or supported at a maximum of
1.8m apart. In the case of UPVC/MUPVC/PP pipe, the support spacing shall adhere to the
requirement as stated earlier.

Clips or clamps on Cast Iron pipes UPVC or other approved pipe shall be fixed tight up again
the bend or underside of the collar.

Where it is necessary to run the pipe clear of the wall all extension clips shall be used.

Pipe hooks, hangers, clamps and clips shall be of the approved type by the Architect. No
pipes shall be supported by any wire, rope, wood, plumbers tape, perforated band iron or
other make shift devices.


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