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TA8273H

TOSHIBA Bipolar Linear Integrated Circuit Silicon Monolithic

TA8273H
Max Power 47 W BTL × 4 ch Audio Power IC

The TA8273H is 4 ch BTL audio power amplifier for car audio


application.
This IC can generate more high power: POUTMAX = 47 W as it
is included the pure complementary PNP and NPN transistor
output stage.
It is designed low distortion ratio for 4 ch BTL audio power
amplifier, built-in stand-by function, muting function, and
diagnosis circuit which can detect output to VCC/GND short,
output offset voltage and over voltage input mode.
Additionally, the AUX amplifier and various kind of protector
for car audio use are built-in.
Weight: 7.7 g (typ.)
Features
· High power : POUTMAX (1) = 47 W (typ.)
(VCC = 14.4 V, f = 1 kHz, JEITA max, RL = 4 Ω)
: POUTMAX (2) = 43 W (typ.)
(VCC = 13.7 V, f = 1 kHz, JEITA max, RL = 4 Ω)
: POUT (1) = 29 W (typ.)
(VCC = 14.4 V, f = 1 kHz, THD = 10%, RL = 4 Ω)
: POUT (2) = 25 W (typ.)
(VCC = 13.2 V, f = 1 kHz, THD = 10%, RL = 4 Ω)
· Built-in diagnosis circuit (pin 25)
· Low distortion ratio: THD = 0.02% (typ.)
(VCC = 13.2 V, f = 1 kHz, POUT = 5 W, RL = 4 Ω)
· Low noise: VNO = 0.10 mVrms (typ.)
(VCC = 13.2 V, Rg = 0 Ω, GV = 27dB, BW = 20 Hz~20 kHz)
· Built-in stand-by switch function (pin 4)
· Built-in muting function (pin 22)
· Built-in AUX amplifier from single input to 4 channels output (pin 16)
· Built-in various protection circuit
: Thermal shut down, over voltage, out to GND, out to VCC, out to out short
· Operating supply voltage: VCC (opr) = 9~16 V

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TA8273H
Block Diagram

C5

C3
1 20 6
TAB VCC1 VCC2

OUT1 (+)
9
IN1
11 PW-GND1 8 RL
C1
OUT1 (-)
7

OUT2 (+)
5
IN2
12 PW-GND2 2 RL
C1
OUT2 (-)
3

AUX IN
16
C6

OUT3 (+)
17
IN3
15 PW-GND3 18 RL
C1
OUT3 (-)
19

OUT4 (+)
21
IN4
14 PW-GND4 24 RL
C1
OUT4 (-)
23

PRE-GND
13
DIAGNOSIS
RIP STBY OUT MUTE
10 4 25 22
C2

R2

C7

R1

C4

: PRE-GND

: PW-GND

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TA8273H
Caution and Application Method
(Description is made only on the single channel.)

1. Voltage Gain Adjustment


This IC has no NF (negative feedback) terminals. Therefore, the voltage gain can’t adjusted, but it makes
the device a space and total costs saver.

Amp. 2A
Amp. 1
Input

Amp. 2B

Figure 1 Block Diagram

The voltage gain of Amp.1 : GV1 = 1dB


The voltage gain of Amp.2A, B : GV2 = 20dB
The voltage gain of BLT Connection : GV (BTL) = 6dB
Therefore, the total voltage gain is decided by expression below.
GV = GV1 + GV2 + GV (BTL) = 1 + 20 + 6 = 27dB

2. Stand-by SW Function (pin 4)


By means of controlling pin 4 (stand-by terminal)
to high and low, the power supply can be set to ON
VCC
and OFF. The threshold voltage of pin 4 is set at
about 3VBE (typ.), and the power supply current is ON Power 10 kW
about 2 mA (typ.) at the stand-by state. 4 » 2 VBE
OFF
Control Voltage of pin 4: VSB to BIAS
CUTTING CIRCUIT
Stand-by Power VSB (V)

ON OFF 0~1.5
OFF ON 3~VCC
Figure 2 With pin 4 set to High,
Power is turned ON
Adjustage of Stand-by SW

(1) Since VCC can directly be controlled to ON or OFF by the microcomputer, the switching relay can be
omitted.
(2) Since the control current is microscopic, the switching relay of small current capacity is satisfactory
for switching

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TA8273H

RELAY
Large current capacity switch
BATTERY BATTERY

VCC VCC FROM


MICROCOMPUTER

– Conventional Method –

DIRECTLY FROM
Small current capacity switch MICROCOMPUTER
BATTERY BATTERY

Stand-By VCC Stand-By VCC

– Stand-by Switch Method –

Figure 3

3. Muting Function (pin 22)


By means of controlling pin 22 less than 0.5 V, it can make the audio muting condition.
The muting time constant is decided by R1 and C4 and these parts is related the pop noise at power
ON/OFF.
The series resistance; R1 must be set up less than 10 kW to get enough muting attenuation.
The muting function have to be controlled by a transistor, FET and m-COM port which has IMUTE >
250 mA ability.
Pin 22 terminal voltage has the temperature characteristics of 4.6 V (low temperature) to 3.2 V (high
temperature).
Therefore, it is need to design with attention as using the microcontroller of which operating voltage is
less than 5 V.
Terminal 22 may not be pulled up and shall be controlled by OPEN/LOW.
When it is obliged to do, it must be pulled up via diode, because it has to defend flowing reverse current
to internal circuit of pin 22.

<Recommended Application>
ATT – VMUTE
20
I (100 mA)
R1 A 10 kW 5 kW
IMUTE (OFF) 0
22
(dB)
C4

IMUTE -20
Mute attenuation ATT

VMUTE
-40

-60
<Application for pulled up> VCC = 13.2 V
Po = 10 W
-80
PL = 4 W
I (100 mA) f = 1 kHz
R1 -100
BW = 400~30 kHz
IMUTE (OFF) 22
0 0.4 0.8 1 1.2 1.6 2 2.4 2.8 3
C4

IMUTE
Point A voltage: VMUTE (V)
VMUTE

Figure 4 Muting Function Figure 5 Mute Attenuation - VMUTE (V)

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TA8273H
4. AUX Input (pin 16) 20dB AMP.
The pin 16 is for input terminal of AUX
amplifier.
The total gain is 0dB by using of AUX amplifier. IN
Therefore, the m-COM can directly drive the OUT (+)
AUX amplifier.
BEEP sound or voice synthesizer signal can be
input to pin 16 directly. OUT (-)
When AUX function is not used, this pin must be AUX AMP
AUX-IN
connected to PRE-GND (pin 13) via a capacitor. m-COM 16
-20dB

Figure 6 AUX Input


5. Diagnosis Output (pin 25)
This diagnosis output terminal of pin 25 has open collector output structure on chip as shown in Figure 7.
In case diagnosis circuit that detect unusual case is operated, NPN transistor (Q1) or (Q2) is turned on.
It is possible to protect all the system of apparatus as well as power IC protection.
In case of being unused this function, use this IC as open-connection on pin 25.

5V

25
5 kW

OUTPUT OFFSET
VOLTAGE Q2 5V
DETECTOR

OUTPUT SHORT
Q1
PROTECTOR

OVER VOLTAGE GND t


Q1 is turned on
PROTECTOR
Q2 is turned on

pin 25: Open collector output (active low)

Figure 7 Self Diagnosis Output

5.1 In Case of Shorting Output to VCC/GND or Over Voltage Power Supplied


NPN transistor (Q1) is turned on.
Threshold of over voltage protection: VCC = 22 V (typ.)

5V

LED/LCD (Flashing)
25 m-COM

ALARM (Announcement from a speaker.)

REGULATOR → OFF (Relay → OFF)

MEMORY (Count and record)

Figure 8 Application 1

5.2 In Case of Shorting Output to Output


NPN transistor (Q1) is turned on and off in response to the input signal voltage.

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TA8273H
5.3 In Case of Appearing Output Offset Voltage by Generating a Large Leakage Current on
the Input Capacitor etc.
NPN transistor (Q2) is turned on while the inverted output voltage level become less than the
threshold level of output offset voltage detector.

V DC voltage of (+) Amp (at leak)

VCC/2 (normal DC voltage)

Vref Leak or short


DC voltage of (-) Amp (at leak)
t
Offset voltage (at leak)
Elec. Vol.

5V
Vref/2 Vbias

25 L.P.F. To CPU
A B

*: It is possible to detect the abnormal output offset which is appeared by the large leakage of the input capacitor at
Vref/2 > Vbias (about 1.4 V)

Figure 9 Application and Detection Mechanism

(-) Amp output VCC/2


Threshold level

GND t

Voltage of point (A)

GND t

Voltage of point (B)

GND t

Figure 10 Wave Form

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TA8273H
Maximum Ratings (Ta = 25°C)

Characteristics Symbol Rating Unit

Peak supply voltage (0.2 s) VCC (surge) 50 V


DC supply voltage VCC (DC) 25 V
Operation supply voltage VCC (opr) 16 V
Output current (peak) IO (peak) 9 A
Power dissipation PD (Note1) 125 W
Operation temperature Topr -40~85 °C
Storage temperature Tstg -55~150 °C

Note1 : Package thermal resistance qj-T = 1°C/W (typ.)


(Ta = 25°C, with infinite heat sink)

Electrical Characteristics
(unless otherwise specified VCC = 13.2 V, f = 1 kHz, RL = 4 W, Ta = 25°C)
Test
Characteristics Symbol Test Condition Min Typ. Max Unit
Circuit
Quiescent current ICCQ ¾ VIN = 0 ¾ 200 400 mA
POUT MAX (1) ¾ VCC = 14.4 V, max Power ¾ 47 ¾
POUT MAX (2) ¾ VCC = 13.7 V, max Power ¾ 43 ¾
Output power W
POUT (1) ¾ VCC = 14.4 V, THD = 10% ¾ 29 ¾
POUT (2) ¾ THD = 10% 23 25 ¾
Total harmonic distortion THD ¾ POUT = 5 W ¾ 0.02 0.2 %
Voltage gain GV ¾ VOUT = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm) 25 27 29
dB
Voltage gain ratio DGV ¾ VOUT = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm) -1.0 0 1.0
VNO (1) ¾ Rg = 0 W, DIN45405 ¾ 0.12 ¾
Output noise voltage mVrms
VNO (2) ¾ Rg = 0 W, BW = 20 Hz~20 kHz ¾ 0.10 0.35
frip = 100 Hz, Rg = 620 W
Ripple rejection ratio R.R. ¾ 40 50 ¾ dB
Vrip = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm)
Rg = 620 W
Cross talk C.T. ¾ ¾ 65 ¾ dB
VOUT = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm)
Output offset voltage VOFFSET ¾ ¾ -150 0 +150 mV
Input resistance RIN ¾ ¾ ¾ 90 ¾ kW
Stand-by current ISB ¾ Stand-by condition ¾ 2 10 mA
VSB H ¾ Power: ON 3.0 ¾ VCC
Stand-by control voltage V
VSB L ¾ Power: OFF 0 ¾ 1.5
VM H ¾ Mute: OFF Open ¾
Mute control voltage (Note2)
VM L ¾ Mute: ON, R1 = 10 kW 0 ¾ 0.5 V
Mute: ON,
Mute attenuation ATT M ¾ VOUT = 7.75 Vrms (20dBm) at 80 90 ¾ dB
Mute: OFF.

Note 2: Muting function have to be controlled by open and low logic, which logic is a transistor, FET and m-COM port
of IMUTE > 250 mA ability.
This means than the mute control terminal : pin 22 must not be pulled-up.

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TA8273H
Test Circuit

3900 mF

0.1 mF
C5

C3
1 20 6
TAB VCC1 VCC2

OUT1 (+)
9
0.22 mF IN1
11 PW-GND1 8 RL
C1
OUT1 (-)
7

OUT2 (+)
5
0.22 mF IN2
12 PW-GND2 2 RL
C1
OUT2 (-)
3

0.22 mF AUX IN
16
C6

OUT3 (+)
17
0.22 mF IN3
15 PW-GND3 18 RL
C1
OUT3 (-)
19

OUT4 (+)
21
0.22 mF IN4
14 PW-GND4 24 RL
C1
OUT4 (-)
23

PRE-GND
13
DIAGNOSIS
RIP STBY OUT MUTE
10 4 25 22
C7 0.047 mF
10 kW

10 kW
10 mF

1 mF
C2

R2

R1

C4

: PRE-GND

: PW-GND

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TA8273H

T.H.D – POUT T.H.D – POUT


100 100
VCC = 13.2 V f = 1 kHz
RL = 4 W RL = 4 W
13.2 V
1 ch drive 1 ch drive
(%)

(%)
10 10
T.H.D

T.H.D
5 5

3 3
Total harmonic distortion

Total harmonic distortion


1 1
f = 10 kHz
VCC = 9.0 V
0.5 0.5

0.3 0.3

0.1 1 kHz 0.1


16.0 V

0.05 0.05

0.03 100 Hz 0.03

0.01 0.01
0.1 0.3 0.5 1 3 5 10 30 50 100 0.1 0.3 0.5 1 3 5 10 30 50 100

Output power POUT (W) Output power POUT (W)

ICCQ – VCC T.H.D – f


400 10
RL = ¥ VCC = 13.2 V
(%)

RL = 4 W
(mA)

POUT = 5 W
T.H.D

300
ICCQ

1
Total harmonic distortion
Quiescent current

200

0.1

100

0 0.01
0 10 20 30 10 100 1k 10 k 100 k
Power supply voltage VCC (V) Frequency f (Hz)

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TA8273H

VNO – Rg R.R. – f
300 0
VCC = 13.2 V VCC = 13.2 V
(mVrms)

RL = 4 W

Ripple rejection ratio R.R. (dB)


-10 Vrip = 0.775 Vrms (0 dBm)
250 BW = ~20 k
Rg = 620 W
-20 RL = 4 W
VNO

200

-30
Output noise voltage

150
-40

100
-50 OUT1, 3

50
-60
OUT2, 4

0 -70
10 100 1k 10 k 100 k 10 100 1k 10 k 100 k
Singnal source resistance Rg (9) Frequency f (Hz)

C.T. – f (OUT1) C.T. – f (OUT2)


0 0
VCC = 13.2 V VCC = 13.2 V
-10 VOUT = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm) -10 VOUT = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm)
Rg = 620 W Rg = 620 W
C.T. (dB)

C.T. (dB)

-20 RL = 4 W -20 RL = 4 W

-30 -30
Cross talk

Cross talk

-40 -40

-50 -50

OUT1 ® OUT2, 3
-60 -60 OUT2 ® OUT1

OUT1 ® OUT4 OUT2 ® OUT3, 4


-70 -70
10 100 1k 10 k 100 k 10 100 1k 10 k 100 k
Frequency f (Hz) Frequency f (Hz)

C.T. – f (OUT3) C.T. – f (OUT4)


0 0
VCC = 13.2 V VCC = 13.2 V
-10 VOUT = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm) -10 VOUT = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm)
Rg = 620 W Rg = 620 W
C.T. (dB)

C.T. (dB)

-20 RL = 4 W -20 RL = 4 W

-30 -30
Cross talk

Cross talk

-40 -40

-50 -50

-60 OUT3 ® OUT1, 4 -60 OUT4 ® OUT1, 2, 3

OUT3 ® OUT2
-70 -70
10 100 1k 10 k 100 k 10 100 1k 10 k 100 k
Frequency f (Hz) Frequency f (Hz)

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TA8273H

GV – f PD – POUT
40 70

35
60

(W)
(dB)

30
50 16 V

PD
GV

25

Power dissipation
40
Voltage gain

20
13.2 V
30
15

20
10
VCC = 13.2 V f = 1 kHz
9V
5 RL = 4 W 10
RL = 4 W
VOUT = 0.775 Vrms (0dBm)
0 0
10 100 1k 10 k 100 k 0 5 10 15 20 25

Frequency f (Hz) Output power POUT/ch (C)

PD MAX – Ta
120
(W)

① INFINITE HEAT SINK


RqJC = 1°C/W
Allowable power dissipation PD MAX

100 ② HEAT SINK (RqHS = 3.5°C/W)


RqJC + RqHS = 4.5°C/W
③ NO HEAT SINK
80
RqJA = 39°C/W

60

40

20 ②

0
0 25 50 75 100 125 150
Ambient temperature Ta (°C)

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TA8273H
Package Dimensions

Weight: 7.7 g (typ.)

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TA8273H

RESTRICTIONS ON PRODUCT USE 000707EBF

· TOSHIBA is continually working to improve the quality and reliability of its products. Nevertheless, semiconductor
devices in general can malfunction or fail due to their inherent electrical sensitivity and vulnerability to physical
stress. It is the responsibility of the buyer, when utilizing TOSHIBA products, to comply with the standards of
safety in making a safe design for the entire system, and to avoid situations in which a malfunction or failure of
such TOSHIBA products could cause loss of human life, bodily injury or damage to property.
In developing your designs, please ensure that TOSHIBA products are used within specified operating ranges as
set forth in the most recent TOSHIBA products specifications. Also, please keep in mind the precautions and
conditions set forth in the “Handling Guide for Semiconductor Devices,” or “TOSHIBA Semiconductor Reliability
Handbook” etc..

· The TOSHIBA products listed in this document are intended for usage in general electronics applications
(computer, personal equipment, office equipment, measuring equipment, industrial robotics, domestic appliances,
etc.). These TOSHIBA products are neither intended nor warranted for usage in equipment that requires
extraordinarily high quality and/or reliability or a malfunction or failure of which may cause loss of human life or
bodily injury (“Unintended Usage”). Unintended Usage include atomic energy control instruments, airplane or
spaceship instruments, transportation instruments, traffic signal instruments, combustion control instruments,
medical instruments, all types of safety devices, etc.. Unintended Usage of TOSHIBA products listed in this
document shall be made at the customer’s own risk.

· This product generates heat during normal operation. However, substandard performance or malfunction may
cause the product and its peripherals to reach abnormally high temperatures.
The product is often the final stage (the external output stage) of a circuit. Substandard performance or
malfunction of the destination device to which the circuit supplies output may cause damage to the circuit or to the
product.

· The products described in this document are subject to the foreign exchange and foreign trade laws.
· The information contained herein is presented only as a guide for the applications of our products. No
responsibility is assumed by TOSHIBA CORPORATION for any infringements of intellectual property or other
rights of the third parties which may result from its use. No license is granted by implication or otherwise under
any intellectual property or other rights of TOSHIBA CORPORATION or others.

· The information contained herein is subject to change without notice.

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