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Chemical Engineering

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Information contained in this book has been obtained by authors, from sources believes to be reliable. However,

neither Nodia nor its authors guarantee the accuracy or completeness of any information herein, and Nodia nor its

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email : enquiry@nodia.co.in

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Y

N

PA

1.5

The reaction rates are given by rX = kX CR , rY = kY C and rZ = kZ CR . The

R

activation energies for formation of X , Y and Z are 40, 40 and 5 kJ/mol

respectively. The pre-exponential factors for all reactions are nearly same. The

M

desired conditions for maximizing the yield of X are

O

(A) high temperature, high concentration of R

C

(B) high temperature, low concentration of R

(C) low temperature, high concentration of R

&

(D) low temperature, low concentration of R

IA

Q. 2 Consider an irreversible, solid catalysed, liquid phase first order reaction. The

D

diffusion and the reaction resistances are comparable. The overall rate constant

^KC h is related to the overall mass transfer coefficient ^km h and the reaction rate

O

constant ^k h as

N

(A) kc = kkm (B)

k + km

kc = k + km

kkm

(C) kc = k + km (D)

2

kc = k + km

Q. 3 For a first order catalytic reaction, the Thiele modulus ^h of a spherical pellet

is defined as

R k p

= p

3 De

where, p = pellet density

R p = pellet radius

De = effective diffusivity

k = first order reaction rate constant

If > 5 , then the apparent activation energy ^Ea h is related to the intrinsic (or

true) activation energy ^E h as

(A) Ea = E 0.5 (B) Ea = 0.5 E

(C) Ea = 2E (D) Ea = E 2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

Q. 4 The following figures show the outlet tracer concentration profiles (cvst) for a

pulse input.

Match the figures in Group I with the reactor configurations in Group II.

Group I Group II

Y

P. Figure 1 I. PFR

N

Q. Figure 2 II. CSTR

A

R. Figure 3 III. PFR and CSTR in series

P

IV. PFR and CSTR in parallel

M

(A) P-II, Q-IV, R-III (B) P-IV, Q-III, R-I

O

(C) P-III, Q-IV, R-II (D) P-I, Q-III, R-II

Q. 5 &

In an aqueous solution, reaction P " Q occurs under isothermal conditions

IA

following first order kinetics. The feed rate is 500 cm3 / min and concentration of

P in the feed is 1.5 # 10-4 mol/cm3 . The reaction is carried out in a 5 L CSTR.

D

At steady state, 60% conversion is observed. The rate constant (in min-1 ) is

(A) 0.06

O (B) 0.15

N

(C) 0.21 (D) 0.28

Q. 6 The 5 L CSTR is replaced by five CSTRs in series. If the capacity of each new

CSTR is 1 L, then the overall conversion (in percentage) is

(A) 65 (B) 67

(C) 73 (D) 81

long cylindrical pore, the relationship between effectiveness factor , and Thiele

modulus , is

(A) = 12 (B) =

(C) = 1 (D) = 1

Q. 8 Two reactors (reactor 1 and reactor 2) with average residence times 1 and 2 ,

respectively, are placed in series. Reactor 1 has zero dispersion and reactor 2 has

infinite dispersion. The residence-time distribution E ^ t h of this system, is given

by

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

0 for t # t 1 0 for t # t 2

(A) * exp c * exp c

t2 m t1 m

1 t t 1

for t > t 1 (B) 1 t t 2

for t > t 2

t2 t1

0 for t > t 2 0 for t # t 1

(C) * 1 exp c t t 1 m for t > t 2 (D)

* 1 exp c t m for t > t 2

t1 t2 t2 t1

batch reactor with a small initial concentration of R. Assume that the order of

reaction with respect to both reactants is positive. The rate of reaction ^- rAh

versus concentration CA , as the reaction proceeds, is depicted by

Y

N

PA

M

O

C

&

IA

Statement For Linked Answer Q 10 and 11 :

A liquid phase reaction A " B , is conducted isothermally in a CSTR having a residence

D

time of 2 s . The inlet concentration of species A is 2 mol/L , and the outlet concentration

O

is 1 mol/L . The rate law for the reaction is rA = kCA where, k = 5 mol/L -s.

K + CA

Q. 10

N

The value of K in mol/L, is

(A) 11 (B) 9

Q. 11

(C) 5 (D) 2

If the same reaction is conducted in a series of two CSTRs with residence times

1 s and 0.2 s , then the inlet concentration of A in mol/L, required to attain an

outlet concentration of A of 1 mol/L , is

(A) 2.64 (B) 2.00

(C) 1.64 (D) 0.54

C j is the concentration of j at time t

N j is the number of moles of j at time t

V is the reaction volume at time t

t is the reaction time

The rate of reaction for species j is defined as

-c j m

dC dC

(A) j (B)

dt dt

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

-c 1

V dt m

dN j dN j

(C) 1 (D)

V dt

Q. 13 The half-life of a first order liquid phase reaction is 30 s . Then the rate constant

in min-1 , is

(A) 0.0231 (B) 0.602

(C) 1.386 (D) 2.0

(A) Intrinsic reaction rate (B) Diffusion rate

Diffusion rate Intrinsic reaction rate

(C) Intrinsic reaction rate (D) Diffusion rate

Y

Diffusion rate Intrinsic reaction rate

N

A

Year 2009 Two Marks

Q. 15

P

The liquid-phase reaction A " B is conducted in an adiabatic plug flow reactor.

M

Data

O

Inlet concentration of A = 4.0 kmol/m3

Density of reaction moisture (independent of temperature) = 1200 kg/m3

C

Average heat capacity of feed stream (independent of temperature) = 2000 J/kgK

Heat of reaction (independent of temperature) = 120 kJ/mol of A reacting

&

If the maximum allowable temperature in the reactor is 800 K , then the feed

IA

temperature (in cK ) should not exceed.

(A) 400 (B) 500

D

(C) 600 (D) 700

Q. 16

O

An isothermal pulse test is conducted on a reactor and the variation of the outlet

N

tracer concentration with time is shown below.

The mean residence time of the fluid in the reactor (in min) is

(A) 5.0 (B) 7.5

(C) 10.0 (D) 15.0

The liquid-phase reaction A " B + C is conducted isothermally at 50cC in a Continuous

stirred Tank Reactor (CSTR). The inlet concentration of A is 8.0 g-mol/L . At a space

time of 5 min, the concentration of A at the exit of CSTR is 4.0 g-mol/L . The kinetics

of the reaction is

- rA = kC A0.5 gmol/Lmin

A plug flow reactor of the same volume is added in series after the existing CSTR.

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

(A) 0.2 c m . min-1 (B) 0.2 c m . min-1

g - mol 0.5 L

0.5

L g - mol

m . min-1 (D) m

g - mol 0.5 L

0.5

. min-1

L g - mol

Q. 18 The concentration of A (in g-mol/L) at the exit of the plug flow reactor is

(A) 0.5 (B) 1.0

(C) 2.0 (D) 2.5

1. A " R rR = k1 C A2

Y

2. A " S rS = k2 C A2

N

Assume film resistance to mass transfer is negligible. The ratio of instantaneous

fractional yield of R in the presence of pore diffusion to that in the absence of

pore diffusion is

(A) 1 (B) > 1

PA

M

(C) < 1 (D) 0

O

C

Year 2008 Two Marks

&

Q. 20 The gas phase reaction A + 3B " 2C is conducted in a PFR at constant

temperature and pressure. The PFR achieves a conversion of 20% of A. The

IA

feed is a mixture of A, B and an inert l . It is found that the concentration of A

remains the same throughout the reactor

D

Which one of the following ratios of inlet molar rate ^FA, in : FB, in : Fl, inh is consistent

O

with this observation? Assume the reaction mixture is an ideal gas mixture.

(A) 2 : 3 : 0 (B) 2 : 2 : 1

N

(C) 3 : 2 : 1 (D) 1 : 2 : 1

Q. 21

The elementary liquid phase series paallel reaction scheme

A"B"C

A"R

is to be carried out in an isothermal CSTR. The rate laws are given by

rR = K'CA

rB = kCA kCB

Feed is pure A. The space time of the CSTR which results in the maximum exit

concentration of B is given by

(A) 1 (B) 1

kk' k' ^k + k'h

(C) 1 (D) 1

^k + k'h k ^k + k'h

Q. 22 The liquid phase reaction A " Products is governed by the kinetics, ^ rAh = k C A1/2

If the reaction undergoes 75% conversion of A in 10 min in an isothermal batch

reactor, the time (in min) for complete conversion of A is

(A) 40/3 (B) 20

(C) 30 (D) infinite

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

8000 K so as to achieve a 30% conversion of A. The relevant specific heats and

enthalpy change of reaction are given by

C p, A = 100 J/ (molK), C p, C = 150 J/ ^molKh

C p, B = 50 J/ ^molKh, hrxn = 100 kJ/mol

If the feed, a mixture of A and B , is available at 550 K , the mole fraction of A in

the feed that is consistent with the above data is

(A) 5/7 (B) 1/4

(C) 1/2 (D) 2/7

Q. 24 The irreversible zero order reaction A " B takes place in a porous cylindrical

Y

catalyst that is sealed at both ends as shown in the figure. Assume dilute

concentration and neglect any variations in the axial direction.

N

PA

M

O

C

z

&

CA = 1 + 0 :a r k2 1D,

2

4 R

IA

CAS

where 0 is the Thiele modulus. For 0 = 4 , the range of r , where CA = 0 , is

D

(A) 0 < r < R (B) 0<r<R

4 2

O

(C) 0 # r # R (D)

0#r#R

N

Common Data For Questions 25 and 26 :

A liquid is flowing through a reactor at a constant flow rate. A step input of tracer at a

molar flow rate of 1 mol/min is given to the reactor at time t = 0 . The time variation of

the concentration ^C h of the tracer at the exit of the reactor is as shown in the figure.

Q. 25 The volumetric flow rate of the liquid through the reactor (in L/min) is

(A) 1 (B) 2

(C) 1.5 (D) 4

Q. 26 The mean residence time of the fluid in the reactor (in min) is

(A) 1 (B) 2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

(C) 3 (D) 4

The liquid phase reaction A " Products is to be carried out at constant temperature in

a CSTR followed by a PFR in series. The overall conversion of A achieved by the reactor

system (CSTR + PFR) is 95%. The CSTR has a volume of 75 L. Pure A is fed to the

CSTR at a concentration CA0 = 2 mol/L and a volumetric flow rate of 4 L/min. The

kinetics of the reaction is given by

- rA = 0.1 C A2 mol/Lmin

Q. 27 The conversion achieved by the CSTR is

(A) 40% (B) 50%

(C) 60% (D) 80%

Y

(A) 380 (B) 350

N

(C) 75 (D) 35

PA

Year 2007

M Two Marks

Q. 29

O

A well-stirred reaction vessel is operated as a semibatch reactor in which it is

C

proposed to conduct a liquid phase first order reaction of the type A " B . The

reactor is fed with the reactant A at a constant rate of 1 L/ min having feed

&

concentration equal to 1 mol/L . The reactor is initially empty. Given k = 1 min1

IA

, the conversion of reactant A based on moles of A fed at t = 2 min is

(A) 0.136 (B) 0.43

D

(C) 0.57 (D) 0.864

Q. 30

O

A liquid phase exothermic first order reaction is being conducted in a batch

N

reactor under isothermal conditions by removing heat generated in the reactor

with the help of cooling water. The cooling water flows at a very high rate

through a coil immersed in the reactor such that there is negligible rise in its

temperature from inlet to outlet of the coil. If the rate constant is given as k

, heat of reaction ^- H h, volume of the reactor V , initial concentration as CA 0

, overall heat transfer coefficient U , heat transfer area of the coil is equal to A,

the required cooling water inlet temperature Tci is given by the following equation

^ H h VkCA ^ H h VkCA ekt

(A) Tci = T (B)

0

Tci = T 0

UA UA

^ H h VCA ekt ^ H h VCA

(C) Tci = T 0

Tci = T

(D) 0

UAt UAt

k k k

A 1

B 2

C ; 2A D

3

; k2 = 1 min1 ; k 3 = 0.5 L/molmin ; CA = 10 mol/L , CB = 0 mol/L and

0 0

CB = 1 mol/L , the solution for F/V (flow rate/reactor volume in min-1 ) yields

(A) 6.7 (B) 6 and 0.5

(C) 2 and 4/3 (D) 8

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

Q. 32 A pulse of concentrated KCl solution is introduced as tracer into the fluid entering

a reaction vessel having volume equal to 1 m3 and flow rate equal to 1 m3 / min .

The concentration of tracer measured in the fluid leaving the vessel is shown in

the figure given below. The flow model parameters that fit the measured RTD in

terms of one or all of the following mixing elements, namely, volume of plug flow

reactor Vp , mixed flow volume Vm , and dead space Vd , are

Y

N

PA

(A) Vp = 1/6 m3 , Vm = 1/2 m3 , Vd = 1/3 m3

M

O

(B) Vp = Vm = Vd = 1/3 m3

C

(C) Vp = 1/3 m3 , Vm = 1/2 m3 , Vd = 1/6 m3

(D) Vm = 5/6 m3 , Vd = 1/6 m3

Q. 33

&

The first order reaction of A to R is run in an experimental mixed flow reactor.

IA

Find the role played by pore diffusion in the run given below. CA is 100 and W

0

dp FA

D XA

O

0

4 2 0.8

6

N 4 0.4

(A) Strong pore diffusion control (B) Diffusion free

(C) Intermediate role by pore diffusion (D) External mass transfer

in strong pore diffusion regime to 63.2% level. If 18 mm pellets are used what is

the conversion.

(A) 0.39 (B) 0.61

(C) 0.632 (D) 0.865

Q. 35 The following rate concentration data are calculated from experiment. Find the

activation energy temperature ^E/Rh of the first order reaction.

dp CA - rA T

1 20 1 480

2 40 2 480

2 40 3 500

(A) 2432.8 (B) 4865.6

(C) 9731.2 (D) 13183.3

0

low, increasing, decreasing), which will favour the formation of the desired product

indicated in the reaction scheme given below

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

1 3 2

A R S (desired); A U

n1 E1 n2 E2 n3 E3

2 25 1 35 3 45

(A) High CA , increasing T , plug flow reactor

0

0

0

0

The following liquid phase reaction is taking place in an isothermal batch reactor

k ^first orderh k ^zero orderh

A B C

1 2

Y

N

Q. 37 The time at which the concentration of will reach its maximum value is given

by

(A) t = 1 ln c k1 m (B)

k1 k2

t = 1 ln c k2 m

k 2 k1 k1

PA

(C) t = 1 ln c k2 m (D)

k2 k1

t = 1 ln c k1 m

k2 k2

M

O

C

Q. 38 The time at which the concentration of B will become zero is given by the

following equation

&

(A) 1 ek t = k2 t (B)

1

t=3

(C) t = 1 (D) t= 1

IA

k2 k1

D

O

Year 2006 One Mark

N

Q. 39 The reaction 2A + B " 2C occurs on a catalyst surface. The reactants A and B

diffuse to the catalyst surface and get converted completely to the product C ,

which diffuses back. The steady state molar fluxes of A, B and C are related by

(A) NA = 2NB = NC (B) NA =^1/2h NB = NC

(C) NA = 2NB = NC (D) NA = ^1/2h NB = NC

reactor at constant pressure in the presence of an inert. The feed contains no B .

If the volume of the gas at complete conversion must not exceed three times the

initial volume, the minimum mol % of the inert in the feed must be

(A) 0 (B) 20

(C) 33 (D) 50

k1

Q. 41 A first order reversible reaction A k B occurs in a batch reactor. The

2

(A) 1 (B) 1

k1 k2

(C) 1 (D) 1

k1 - k 2 k1 + k 2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

Q. 42 The rate, at which an antiviral drug acts, increases with its concentration in the

blood C , according to the equation

r = kC

C50 + C

where, C50 is the concentration at which the rate is 50% of the maximum rate k .

Often, the concentration C 90 , when the rate is 90% of the maximum, is measured

instead of C50 . The rate equation then becomes

(A) r = 1.8 kC (B) r= kC

b 9 l

C 90 + C C 90 + C

Y

(C) r = kC (D)

r = 0.9 kC

C 90 C 90

N

A

Q. 43 Consider the following reactions between gas A and two solid spherical particles

P

B and C of the same size.

k

A+B 1

gaseous product,

M

k

A+C 2

ash

O

The ash does not leave the particle C . Let t1 and t2 be the times required for A

C

to completely consume particles B and C , respectively. If k1 and k2 are equal at

all temperatures and the gas phase mass transfer resistance is negligible, then

&

(A) t1 = t2 at all temperatures (B) t1 = t2 at high temperatures

(C) t1 > t2 at high temperatures (D) t1 < t2 at high temperatures

Q. 44

IA

A reaction A " B is to be conducted in two CSTRs in series. The steady state

D

conversion desired is X f . The reaction rate as a function of conversion is given by

r = 1/ ^1 + X h. If the feed contains no B , then the conversion in the first reactor

O

N

that minimizes the total volume of the two reactors is

(A) 1 - X f (B) 0.2 X f

0.5 ^1 - X f h

(C) 0.5 X f (D)

The activation energies for the individual reactions are E1 = 100 kJ/mol ,

E2 = 150 kJ/mol , E 3 = 100 kJ/mol , and E 4 = 200 kJ/mol . If the feed is pure A

and the desired product is C , then the desired temperature profile in a plug flow

reactor in the direction of flow should be

(A) constant at low temperature (B) constant at high temperature

(C) increasing (D) decreasing

elements e1 and e2 enter the reactor at times t = 0 and t = > 0 , respectively.

The probability that e2 exits the reactor before e1 is

1 - /

(A) 12 (B) 2e

(C) e- / (D) 0

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

Q. 47 For the reaction 2R + S " T , the rates of formation rR , rS and rT of the substances

R, S and T respectively, are related by

(A) 2rR = rS = rT (B) 2rR = rS = rT

(C) rR = 2rS = 2rT (D) rR = 2rS = 2rT

Q. 48 For the liquid phase reaction A " P , in a series of experiments in a batch reactor,

the half-life ^t1/2h was found to be inversely proportional to the square root of the

initial concentration of A. The order of the reaction is

(A) 3 (B) 1

2

(C) + 1 (D) -1

2 2

Q. 49 Which is the correct statement from the following statements on the Arrhenius

model of the rate constant k = AeE/RT ?

Y

N

(A) A is always dimensionless

(B) For two reactions 1 and 2, if A1 = A2 and E1 > E2 , then k1 ^T h > k2 ^T h

PA

(C) For a given reaction, the percentage change of k with respect to temperature

M

is higher at lower temperatures

O

(D) The percentage change of k with respect to temperature is higher for higher

A

C

&

Year 2005 Two Marks

IA

2

Q. 50 The rate expression for the reaction of A is given by rA = k1 C A 1/2 . The units

of k1 and k2 are respectively, 1 + k2 C A

D

(A) ^mol-1 m3 s-1h, ^mol-1/2 m3/2h (B) ^mol-1 m3 s-1h, ^mol1/2 m3/2h

O

(C) ^mol m-3 s-1h, ^mol1/2 m-3/2 s-1h (D) ^mol-1 m3 s-1h, ^mol-1/2 m3/2 s-1/2h

Q. 51

N

The first order liquid phase reaction A " P is to be carried out isothermally in

the following ideal reactor configurations

(P) A 1 m3 CSTR followed by a 1 m3 PFR,

(Q) A 2 m3 CSTR

(R) A 1 m3 PFR followed by a 1 m3 CSTR,

(S) A 1 m3 CSTR followed by a 1 m3 CSTR,

The overall exit conversions X , for the above configurations P , Q , R and S ,

assuming indentical inlet conditions and temperature, are related as

(A) XP > XR > XS > XQ (B) XP = XR > XS > XQ

(C) XP = XS = XQ = XR (D) XQ > XP > XR > XS

Q. 52 The gas phase reaction A " B + C is carried out in an ideal PFR achieving

40% conversion of A. The feed has 70 mol% A and 30 mol% inerts. The inlet

temperature is 300 K and the outlet temperature is 400 K . The ratio of te outlet

to inlet molar concentration of A (assuming ideal gas mixture and uniform

pressure) is

(A) 0.60 (B) 0.30

(C) 0.47 (D) 0.35

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

Group I Group II

P. Porous catalyst I. Selectivity

Q. Parallel reactions II. Shrinking core model

R. Non-ideal tubular reactor III. Thiele modulus

S. Gas-solid non-catalytic reaction IV. Dispersion number

(A) P-3, Q-1, R-4, S-2 (B) P-1, Q-3, R-2, S-4

(C) P-1, Q-4, R-2, S-3 (D) P-3, Q-4, R-1, s-2

at 298 K , is rA = 0.02 CA 0.01 CB where the concentrations CA and CB are

expressed in ^kmol/m3h. What is the maximum limiting conversion of A achievable

Y

N

in an isothermal CSTR at 298 K , assuming pure A is fed at the inlet?

A

(A) 1 (B) 2/3

P

(C) 1/2 (D) 1/3

M

O

Statement For Linked Answer Q 55 and 56 :

The residence time distribution E ^ t h (as shown below) of a reactor is zero until 3 min and

C

then increases linearly to a maximum value E max at 8 min after which it decreases linearly

&

back to zero at 15 min .

IA

D

O

N

Q. 55 What is the value of E max ?

(A) 1/6 (B) 1/8

(C) 1/4 (D) 1/3

(A) 5.7 (B) 8

(C) 8.7 (D) 12

CO + 2H 2 CH 3 OH is given by

r = k1 p co p H k2 p CH

2 3 OH

Which of the following is not possible?

(A) = 1, = 1, = 1 (B) = 1, = 2 , = 1

(C) = 1/3 , = 2/3 , = 1/3 (D) = 1/2 , = 1, = 1/2

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

N 2 + 3H 2 2NH 3 is given by

r = 0.8pN p H3 0.6p NH

2

2

2 3

1N + 3H 1 NH ,

2 2 2 2 2 3

(A) r = 0.8 p N0.5 p H1.5 0.6 p NH (B) r = 0.8 p N p H3 0.6 p NH 2

(C) r = 0.5 ^0.8 p N p H3 0.6 p NH h (D) r = 0.5 ^0.8p N0.5 p H1.5 0.6 p NH h

2 2 3 2 2 3

2

2 2 3 2 2 3

adiabatic plug flow reactor. The rate of reaction

(A) is maximum at the inlet of the reactor

(B) goes through a maximum along the length of the reactor

(C) goes through a minimum along the length of the reactor

Y

(D) is maximum at the exit of the reactor

N

Q. 60

PA

A first order gaseous phase reaction is catalyzed by a non-porous solid. The

M

kinetic rate constant and the external mass transfer coefficient are k and kg ,

respectively. The effective rate constant ^k eff h is given by

O

^k + k gh

(A) k eff = k + k g (B) k eff =

C

2

(C) k eff = ^kk gh (D) 1 =1+ 1

1

&

2

k eff k k g

IA

Q. 61 For a packed bed reactor, the presence of a long tail in the residence time

distribution curve is an indication of

D

(A) ideal plug flow (B) bypass

O

(C) dead zone (D) channeling

Q. 62

The following has phase reaction is taking place in a plug flow reactor,

A + 1 B " C

2

A stoichiometric mixture of A and B at 300 K is fed to the reactor. At 1 m

along the length of the reactor, the temperature is 360 K . the pressure drop

is negligible and an ideal gas behaviour can be assumed. Identify the correct

expression relating the concentration of A at the inlet ^CA h, concentration of A

at 1 m ^CAh and the corresponding conversion of A ^X h.

0

^1 X h ^1 X h

^1 0.33 X h ^1 0.5 X h

(A) CA = 1.2 CA 0

(B) CA = 1.2 CA 0

^1 X h ^1 X h

^1 0.33X h ^1 0.5X h

(C) CA = 0.83CA 0

(D) CA = 0.83CA 0

Q. 63 A second order liquid phase reaction A " B is carried out in a mixed flow reactor

operated in semi-batch mode (no exit stream). The reactant A at concentration

CAF is fed to the reactor at a volumetric flow rate of F . The volume of the

reacting mixture is V and the density of the liquid mixture is constant. The mass

balance for A is

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

d ^VCAh d ^VCAh

(A) = F ^CAC CAh kC A2 V (B) = F ^CAF CAh kC A2 V

dt dt

d ^VCAh d ^VCAh

(C) = FCA kC A2 V (D) = FCAF kC A2 V

dt dt

Q. 64 For an isothermal second order aqueous phase reaction A " B , the ratio of the

time required for 90% conversion to the time required for 45% conversion is

(A) 2 (B) 4

(C) 11 (D) 22

out in a mixed flow reactor. The reaction rate in ^kmol/m3-hh is given by

Y

r = 0.5 C p 0.125 CR . A stream containing only P enters the reactor. The

N

residence time required (in hour) for 40% conversion of P is

A

(A) 0.80 (B) 1.33

P

(C) 1.60 (D) 2.67

Q. 66

M

A pollutant P degrades according to first order kinetics. An aqueous stream

O

containing P at 2 kmol/m3 and volumetric flow rate 1 m3 /h requires a mixed

C

flow reactor of volume V to bring down the pollutant level to 0.5 kmol/m3 .

The inlet concentration of the pollutant is now doubled and the volumetric flow

&

rate is tripled. If the pollutant level is to be brought down to the same level of

0.5 kmol/m3 , the volume of the mixed flow reactor should be increased by a factor

IA

of

(A) 7 (B) 6

(C) 3

D (D) 7/3

O

N

Q. 67 Consider a reversible exothermic reaction in a plug flow reactor. The maximum

and minimum permissible temperatures are Tmax and Tmin , respectively. Which of

the following temperature ^T h profiles will require the shortest residence time to

achieve the desired conversion?

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

mixed flow reactor. A feed containing 4 kmol/m3 of each A and B enters the

reactor at 8 m3 /h . If the temperature of the exit stream is never to exceed 390 K

, what is the maximum feed inlet temperature allowed?

Data: Heat of reaction = 50 kJ/mol , density of the reacting mixture = 1000 kg/m3

, specific heat of reacting mixture = 2 J/kgK .

The above data can be assumed to be independent of composition and temperature.

(A) 190 K (B) 290 K

(C) 390 K (D) 490 K

Q. 69 Pick the wrong design guideline for a reactor in which the reactions

A " R (desired) and A " S (undesired)

are to take place. The ratio of the reaction rate is

c m A

rR = k1 C a b

Y

rS k2

N

(A) use high pressure and eliminate inerts when a > b

A

(B) avoid recycle when a > b

P

(C) use batch reactor of plug flow reactor when a > b

(D) use CSTR with a high conversion when a > b

M

O

C

Year 2003 One Mark

k1 k2

Q. 70 For a series of reactions A B C having k1 % k2 , the reaction system can

be approximated as

k

& k

IA

(A) A 1

B (B) A B 2

k2 k1

(C) A C (D)

A C

Q. 71

D

An elementary liquid phase decomposition reaction A

k

2B is to be carried

O

out in a CSTR. The design equation is

XA ^1 + XAh

(A) k =

N XA (B)

^1 XAh

k =

^1 XAh

(C) k = XA (D)

^1 XAh2

k C AB =

XA / ^1 + XAh2

^1 XAh2

Q. 72 Find a mechanism that is consistent with the rate equation and reaction given

below

2A + B " A2 B , ^ rAh = k CA CB

(A) A + B AB ; AB + A " A2 B (B) A + B " AB ; AB + A " A2 B

(C) A + A " AA ; AA + B " A2 B (D)

A+A AA ; AA + B " A2 B

of the type A " R is taking place. The reactor is to be provided with a jacket in

which coolant is flowing. Following data is given

CA0 = 5 kmol/m3 ; XA = 0.5 ; feed temperature = reactor temperature = 40cC

; rate constant at 40cC = 1 min1 ; ^H h = 40 kJ/mol ; = 1000 kg/m3 ;

C p = 4 J/gcC ; q = 103 m3 / min ( and C p are same for the reactant and product

streams). The amount of heat to be removed is

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

1 kW

(C) 5/3 kW (D)

4 kW

reaction rate as a function of conversion has been determined experimentally and

is shown in figure given below. What choice of reactor or combination of reactors

will require the minimum overall reactor volume, if a conversion of 0.9 is desired?

Y

N

PA

M

O

(A) CSTR followed by a PFR

C

(B) PFR followed by a CSTR

&

IA

(C) CSTR followed by a PFR followed by CSTR

(D) PFR followed by a CSTR followed by a PFR

D

Common Data For

O Questions 75 and 76 :

N

The following gas phase reactions are carried out isothermally in a CSTR

A " 2R ; r1 = k1 pA ; k1 = 20 mol/ ^sm3barh

A " 3S ; r2 = k2 pA ; k2 = 40 mol/ ^sm3barh

Total pressure = 1 bar ; FA = 1 mol/s ; feed is pure A

0

(A) 1/3 (B) 1/2

(C) 2/3 (D) 2

Q. 76 The volume of a CSTR required for a fractional conversion of A equal to 0.3 due

to the first reaction is

(A) 0.011 (B) 0.021

(C) 0.275 (D) 0.375

Q. 77 A step input tracer test is used to explore the flow pattern of fluid through a

vessel of total volume equal to 1 m3 having a feed rate of 1 m3 / min .

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

Identify for each curve in Group I a suitable flow model from the list given under

Group II.

Group I Group II

P. Curve 1 1. PFR and CSTR in series

Q. Curve 2 2. CSTR with dead space

Y

3.

N

PFR in series with a CSTR and dead space

4. CSTR

PA

(B) P-4, Q-1

(C) P-2, Q-3

M

(D) P-2, Q-1

O

C

Q. 78 Following isothermal kinetic data are obtained in a basket type of mixed flow

reactor for a porous catalyst. Determine the role of pore diffusion and external

&

mass transfer processes.

Pellet diameter Leaving concen- Spinning rate of ^- r Ah

'

IA

tration of the basket

reactant

1

D 1 high 2

2

O 1 log 1

N2 1 high 1

(A) Strong pore diffusion control and mass transfer not controlling

(B) Both pore diffusion and mass transfer not controlling

(C) Both pore diffusion and mass transfer controlling

(D) Mass transfer controlling

Q. 79 For an ideal plug flow reactor the value of the Peclet number is

(A) 0 (B) 3

(C) 1 (D) 10

(A) different for reactants and products

(B) dimensionless

(C) dependent on the stoichiometric coefficients

(D) All of the above

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

(A) is always equal to (B) is always greater than

(C) is always less than (D) may be greater or less than

time = 0 . The time taken for the exit concentration of the tracer to reach half of

its initial value will be

(A) 2 (B) 0.5

(C) /0.693 (D) 0.693

Y

N

Q. 83 A batch adiabatic reactor at an initial temperature of 373 K is being used for

the reaction A " B . Assume the heat of reaction is - 1 kJ/mol at 373 K and the

P

temperature rise after a conversion of 0.5 will beA

heat capacity of both A and B to be constant and equal to 50 J/mol-K . The

M

(A) 5cC (B) 10cC

O

(C) 20cC (D) 100cC

C

Q. 84 In the hydrodealkylation of toluence to benzene, the following reactions occur

C 7 H 8 + H 2 " C 6 H 6 + CH 4

2C 6 H 6

&

C 12 H 10 + H 2

IA

Toluence and hydrogen are fed to a reactor in a molar ratio 1 : 5. 80% of the

toluence gets converted and the selectivity of benzene (defined as moles of

D

benzene formed/per moles of toluene converted) is 90%. The fractional conversion

O

of hydrogen is

N

(A) 0.16 (B) 0.144

(C) 0.152 (D) 0.136

Year 2001 One Mark

k

A 2

B , in batch mode is given by

1 k2 CA t

(A) (B) 0

1 + k2 CA t

0

1 + k2 CA t 0

^k2 CA t h

2

k2 CA t

^1 + k2 CA t h2

(C) 0

(D) 0

1 + k2 CA t

0 0

Q. 86 The reaction rate constants at two different temperatures T1 and T2 are related by

(A) ln c k2 m = E c 1 1 m (B) ln c k2 m = E c 1 1 m

k1 R T2 T1 k1 R T1 T2

(C) exp c k2 m = E c 1 1 m (D) exp c k2 m = E c 1 1 m

k1 R T1 T2 k1 R T2 T1

Q. 87 The E -curve for a non-ideal reactor defines the fraction of fluid having age

between t and t + dt

(A) at the inlet (B) at the outlet

(C) in the reactor (D) averaged over the inlet and outlet

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

Q. 88 The mean conversion in the exit stream, for a second order, liquid phase reaction

in a non-ideal flow reactor is given by

3 3

E ^ t h dt (B) E ^ t h dt

k2 CA t 1

(A) #

1 + k2 CA t

0

0

#

1 + k2 CA t 0

0 0

exp ^ k2 CA t h

3 3

(C) # 1

1 + k2 CA t 61 E ^ t h@dt (D) #

1 + k2 CA

E ^ t h dt

0

0 0

0 0

Q. 89 For a vapour phase catalytic reaction A + B " P which follows the Rideal

mechanism and the reaction step is rate controlling, the rate of reaction is given

by (reaction step is irreversible, product also adsorbs)

kpA ps kp A2 k1 p p

(A) rA = (B) rA =

1 + KA pA + K p p p 1 + KA pA + K p p p

Y

kpA ps kpA ps

(C) rA = (D) rA =

1 + KA pA + KB pB + K p p p 1 + KA pA

N

A

k1

Q. 90 The first-order, gas phase reaction A 2B is conducted isothermally in batch

P

mode. The rate of change of conversion with time is given by

(A) dXA = k1 ^1 XAh2 ^1 + 2XAh (B) 1^ Ah^

dXA = k 1 X 1 + 0.5X

Ah

M

dt dt

dXA = k1 ^1 XAh

(C) dXA = k1 ^1 XAh (D)

O ^1 + XAh

C

dt dt

Year 2000

& One Mark

IA

Q. 91 The experimentally determined overall order for the reaction A + B " C + D is

two. Then the

D

(A) reaction is elementary with a molecularity of 2

O

(B) molecularity of the reaction is 2 but the reaction may not be elementary

N

(C) reaction may be elementary with a molecularity of 2

(D) reaction is elementary but the molecularity may not be 2

of A increases linearly with holding time, then the order of the reaction is

(A) 0 (B) 1

(C) 1.5 (D) 2

A " R , rR = k1 C A2 ; E1 = 80 kJ/mol

A " S , rS = k2 CA ; E2 = 120 kJ/mol

The desired product is R. A higher selectivity of R will be achieved, if the

reaction is conducted at

(A) low temperature in a CSTR (B) high temperature in a CSTR

(C) low temperature in a PFR (D) high temperature in a PFR

Q. 94 In solid catalysed reactions, the diffusional effects are more likely to affect the

overall rate of reaction for

(A) fast reactions in catalysts of small pore diameter

(B) fast reactions in catalysts of large pore diameter

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

(D) fast reactions in catalysts of large pore diameter

If another CSTR of the same volume is connected in series, then the percentage

conversion at the exit of the second reactor will be

(A) 60 (B) 75

(C) 90 (D) 100

Y

Q. 96 The following half-life data are available for the irreversible liquid phase reaction,

N

A " products:

A

Initial concentration Half-life

P

(kmol/m3) (min)

2 2

8 1

M

The overall order of the reaction is

O

C

(A) 0.5 (B) 1

(C) 1.5 (D) 2

Q. 97 &

The first order series reaction A

k1

B

k2

C is conducted in a batch reactor.

IA

The initial concentrations of A, B and C (CA , CB , CC respectively) are all non-

0 0 0

D

zero. The variation of CB with reaction time will not show a maximum, if

(A) K2 CB > K1 CA (B) K1 C A > K 2 C B

O

0 0 0 0

N

0 0 0 0

Pure A at a concentration of 2 kmol/m3 is fed to the reactor at the rate of

0.01 m3 /s and at a temperature of 500 K . If the exit conversion is 20%, then the

exit temperature (in kelvin) is

(A) 400 (B) 500

(C) 600 (D) 1000

Given, Heat of reaction at 298 K = 50000 kJ/kmol of A reacted.

Heat capacities, CPA = CPB = 100 kJ/kmolK (may be assumed to be independent

of temperature).

Q. 99 The rate controlling step for the heterogeneous irreversible catalytic reaction

A ^g h + B ^g h " C ^g h

is the surface reaction of absorbed A with absorbed B to give absorbed C . The

rate expression for this reaction can be written as

KKA pA pB KKA KB pA pB

61 + KA pA + KB pB@ 61 + KA pA + KB pB@

(A) (B)

KKA KB pA pB KK K p p

61 + KA pA + KB pB + KC pC @ 61 + KA pA + KB pB + KC pC @

(C) (D) A B A B

**********

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

Y

N

PA

M

O

C

&

IA

D

O

N

GATE SOLVED PAPER - CH Chemical Reaction Engineering

ANSWER KEY

Chemical Reaction Engineering

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10

(B) (A) (B) (A) (B) (C) (C) (A) (A) (B)

11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

(C) (C) (C) (A) (C) (C) (C) (B) (C) (C)

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

(D) (B) (A) (C) (A) (C) (C) (B) (C) (B)

31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Y

(B) (C) (A) (D) (B) (A) (A) (A) (C) (D)

N

41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50

A

(D) (B) (D) (C) (D) (B) (D) (A) (C) (A)

P

51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60

M

(B) (C) (A) (C) (A) (B) (A) (B) (A) (D)

O

61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70

C

(C) (C) (A) (C) (C) (A) (B) (B) (B) (D)

71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

(A) (C) (C) (D) (C)

& (B) (A) (A) (A) (D)

IA

81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90

(B) (A) (A) (C) (B) (B) (B) (A) (A) (C)

91 92 93

D 94 95 96 97 98 99

(A) (A) (C)

O (C) (B) (C) (A) (C) (D)

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