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Water has a specific gravity of 1.

i.e.: 30.0 inches and specific gravity of 0.90 the fluid pressure @ transmitter will be 30.0 inches.
(rise) x 0.90 (specific gravity) = 27.0 inches of H2O

27.7 "H2O = 1 psi

GPM = FPM x Gallons per foot

Find GPM of 6" pipe Sch 40 with a pressure of 42.45 and a total pressure of 42.7

Total Pressure -pressure = Velocity pressure
1040 x Velocity press = FPM
FPM x Gallons per ft = GPM
42.7 total press - 42.5 = 0.2 Vel Press
1040 x ch 0.1414 = 147.08 FPM
147.08FPMx1.5Gal Per Ft=220.62 GPM

Find the tons of a chiller above example with entering water of 58.8 Deg and leaving water of 45.2 Deg

Solution 1
Tons = GPM x 60 x 8.337 x Delta Temp of water / 12,000 BTU per ton
200.62 gal x 60 min x 10.6 delta T = 1,169800 BTUH
147.08 FPM x 1.5 Gal Per Ft = 220.62 GPM

Solution 2
Tons = GPM x Delta T of the water x Specific heat x Specific gravity / 24
200.62 x 10.6 Delta T x 1 SH x SG = 2338.57
2338.57 / 24 97.44 tons

Cv means Coefficient of velocity

Convert Cv into SCFM( Standard cubic feet per Minute) and conversely, SCFM into Cv.

The flow coefficient CV is defined as the number of gallons of water per min that flows through a wide
open valve with a pressure drop of 1 PSI @ 60 deg. This is shown as {CV = Q X ch (SF / Delta P} (2)
Q = CV / Ch (SF) / Delta P)
CV = Flow coeff @ 1 PSI drop
Q = Flow coeff @ 1 PSI
Delta P = Press drop, PSI
Delta H = Press drop, Ft of water
SF = Specific gravity of fluid
If pressure drop is determined in feet of water, equation (2) can be shown as {CV = E.F x Q ch (SF / delta
H)} (3)
Verification of Impeller Size:
In order to determine the amount of flow in the system using the pump, the impeller size must be
1. Obtain the correct pump curve.
2. Turn off the pump.
3. Close the discharge valve. Verify the suction valves is open. The suction valve should always be fully
open when the pump is in normal operation.
4. Turn the pump on.
5. Using a cal. Test gauge. Measure the pressure on the suction and discharge sides of the pump ( dif
head pressure)
6. Calculate rise across the pump by subtracting the suction pressure from the discharge pressure. If the
suction is in a vacuum, convert the reading (inches Hg) to PSI
and add the result to the discharge pressure [inches Hg /2.05 = PSI] .
7. Multiply the pump PSI rise by 2.31 feet to obtain rise in feet of water.
8. Plot the rise on the vertical axis of the pump curve at zero flow. This indicates the starting point of the
flow curve. The impeller size is determined by comparing adjacent listed sizes on the pump Curve.

Determine Flow:
1. Verify all valves in the system are fully open.
2. Open the pump Discharge valve to its full position.

To be continued